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Takeshi Ogawa, Masaki Takao, Takashi Sakai, Nobuhiko Sugano
PURPOSE: In total hip arthroplasty, prediction of the optimal implant size is important in order to prevent perioperative complications. However, it is not easy to achieve complete agreement between the planned size and the actual size required appropriate implant fit. No previous report has adequately discussed the factors related to mismatch between predicted and actual implant sizes. The purpose was to report the results of a single surgeon case series of patients undergoing THA using computed tomography (CT)-based templating and the possible factors related to implant size mismatch...
December 13, 2017: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
Noboru Watanabe, So Yamada, Masahiko Takahashi
We report an (e, e+ion) spectroscopy study on electron-induced dissociative ionization of N2. Vector correlation between the scattered electron and N+ ion has been measured for inner-valence ionization of N2 at an incident electron energy of 1.4 keV and scattering angles of 2.2°, 4.2°, and 8.2°. By analyzing the experimental data, partial ion yield spectra have been obtained for transitions to the C 2Σ, F 2Σ, and 2σ ion states, showing that the individual transitions depend on the momentum transferred to the target, K, in different ways...
December 13, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Jennifer Hochscherf, Dirk Lindenblatt, Benedict Witulski, Robin Birus, Dagmar Aichele, Christelle Marminon, Zouhair Bouaziz, Marc Le Borgne, Joachim Jose, Karsten Niefind
Protein kinase CK2, a member of the eukaryotic protein kinase superfamily, is associated with cancer and other human pathologies and thus an attractive drug target. The indeno[1,2-b]indole scaffold is a novel lead structure to develop ATP-competitive CK2 inhibitors. Some indeno[1,2-b]indole-based CK2 inhibitors additionally obstruct ABCG2, an ABC half transporter overexpressed in breast cancer and co-responsible for drug efflux and resistance. Comprehensive derivatization studies revealed substitutions of the indeno[1,2-b]indole framework that boost either the CK2 or the ABCG2 selectivity or even support the dual inhibition potential...
December 13, 2017: Pharmaceuticals
Xiaoxiao Huang, Shuchen Sun, Ganfeng Tu, Shuaidan Lu, Kuanhe Li, Xiaoping Zhu
Nanocrystalline titanium diboride (TiB₂) ceramics films were prepared on a high purity graphite substrate via chemical vapor deposition (CVD). The substrate was synthesized by a gas mixture of TiCl₄, BCl₃, and H₂ under 1000 °C and 10 Pa. Properties and microstructures of TiB₂ films were also examined. The as-deposited TiB₂ films had a nano-sized grain structure and the grain size was around 60 nm, which was determined by X-ray diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy...
December 13, 2017: Materials
Jaime Madrigano, Anita Chandra, Tracy Costigan, Joie D Acosta
Enhancing citizens' and communities' resilience is critical to adapt successfully to ongoing challenges faced by communities, as well as acute shocks resulting from disasters. While significant progress has been made in this area, several research and practice gaps remain. A crucial next step to advance resilience is the development of a resilience-oriented workforce. This narrative review examines existing literature to determine key components of a resilience-oriented workforce, with a focus on organizational structures, training and education, and leadership models...
December 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Mette Due-Christensen, Vibeke Zoffmann, Ingrid Willaing, David Hopkins, Angus Forbes
While Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is generally associated with childhood, half of all cases occur in adulthood. The adaptive strategies individuals employ during the initial adaptive phase may have an important impact on their risk of future diabetes complications and their psychosocial well-being. We conducted a systematic review of six databases and included nine qualitative studies in a meta-synthesis, the aims of which were to develop a better understanding of how adults newly diagnosed with T1D experience the diagnosis and the phenomena associated with the early process of adaptation to life with diabetes...
January 2018: Qualitative Health Research
Billy Senington, Raymond Y Lee, Jonathan Mark Williams
This study aimed to investigate the relationship between shoulder counter-rotation (SCR), hip shoulder separation (HSS) and three-dimensional spinal kinematics during fast bowling in cricket. Thirty five elite male fast bowlers were analysed using three-dimensional inertial sensors on the spine. Lumbar, thoracic and thoracolumbar kinematics were determined during the delivery stride. Spearman's pairwise correlations displayed significant associations between SCR, thoracic and thoracolumbar lateral flexion between the back foot impact and max contralateral rotation phase of the delivery stride (rs = -...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
Christopher Ring, Maria Kavussanu
Achievement goal theory provides a framework to help understand how individuals behave in achievement contexts, such as sport. Evidence concerning the role of motivation in the decision to use banned performance enhancing substances (i.e., doping) is equivocal on this issue. The extant literature shows that dispositional goal orientation has been weakly and inconsistently associated with doping intention and use. It is possible that goal involvement, which describes the situational motivational state, is a stronger determinant of doping intention...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
Otmar Bock, Nils Bury
Our perception of the vertical corresponds to the weighted sum of gravicentric, egocentric, and visual cues. Here we evaluate the interplay of those cues not for the perceived but rather for the motor vertical. Participants were asked to flip an omnidirectional switch down while their egocentric vertical was dissociated from their visual-gravicentric vertical. Responses were directed mid-between the two verticals; specifically, the data suggest that the relative weight of congruent visual-gravicentric cues averages 0...
January 1, 2017: Perception
Jun Min Suh, Woonbae Sohn, Young-Seok Shim, Jang-Sik Choi, Young Geun Song, Taemin Ludvic Kim, Jong-Myeong Jeon, Ki Chang Kwon, Kyoung Soon Choi, Chong-Yun Kang, Hyung-Gi Byun, Ho Won Jang
The utilization of p-p isotype heterojunctions is an effective strategy to enhance the gas sensing properties of metal-oxide semiconductors, but most previous studies focused on p-n heterojunctions owing to their simple mechanism of formation of depletion layers. However, a proper choice of isotype semiconductors with appropriate energy bands can also contribute to the enhancement of the gas sensing performance. Herein, we report nickel oxide (NiO)-decorated cobalt oxide (Co3O4) nanorods (NRs) fabricated using multiple-step glancing angle deposition method...
December 13, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Yaoxin Li, Tadeusz L Ogorzalek, Shuai Wei, Xiaoxian Zhang, Pei Yang, Joshua Jasensky, Charles L Brooks, E Neil G Marsh, Zhan Chen
Tethering peptides and proteins to abiotic surfaces has the potential to create biomolecule-functionalized surfaces with useful properties. Commonly used methods of immobilization lack control over the orientation in which biological molecules are covalently or physically bound to the surface, leading to sub-optimal materials. Here we use an engineered beta-galactosidase that can be chemically immobilized on a surface with a well-defined orientation through unique surface-accessible cysteine residues. A combined study using sum frequency generation (SFG) vibrational spectroscopy and coarse grained molecular dynamics (MD) simulations was performed to determine the effects of enzyme immobilization site and abiotic surface chemistry on enzyme surface orientation, surface coverage, and catalytic activity...
December 13, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Ernesto Amato, Antonio Italiano
The evaluation of skin doses during manipulation of radioactive sources can be a critical issue, worth using the most accurate calculation strategies available. The aim of this work was to compare the results of the analytical approach used in VARSKIN with the simulation of radiation transport and interaction by Monte Carlo calculations in GAMOS (GEANT4-based Architecture for Medicine-Oriented Simulations), and to provide an accurate and versatile tool for the evaluation of skin doses from radionuclide sources of any realistic shape (e...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
Shiang Hu, Yongxiu Lai, Pedro Antonio Valdés-Sosa, Maria Luisa Brings-Vega, Dezhong Yao
OBJECTIVE: Human scalp electroencephalogram (EEG) is widely applied in cognitive neuroscience and clinical studies due to its non-invasiveness and ultra-high time resolution. However, the representativeness of the measured EEG potentials for the underneath neural activities is still a problem under debate. This study aims to investigate systematically how both reference montage and electrodes setup affect the accuracy of EEG potentials. APPROACH: First, the standard EEG potentials are generated by the forward calculation with a single dipole in the neural source space, for eleven channel numbers (10, 16, 21, 32, 64, 85, 96, 128, 129, 257, 335)...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Neural Engineering
Holger Schmidt, Yvonne Eisenmann, Heidrun Golla, Raymond Voltz, Klaus Maria Perrar
BACKGROUND: People with advanced dementia present an important target group for palliative care. They suffer a range of symptoms, and their verbal communication abilities are highly restricted. At present, little is known about their needs in the final phase of life. AIM: To identify the needs of people with advanced dementia in their final phase of life and to explore the aspects relevant to first recognize and then meet these needs. DESIGN: Multi-perspective qualitative study using grounded theory methodology conducting group discussions, individual interviews, and participant observation...
December 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
Konstantinos Spanos, Nikolaos Tsilimparis, Franziska Heidemann, Fiona Rohlffs, Christian-Alexander Behrendt, Eike Sebastian Debus, Tilo Kölbel
PURPOSE: To describe planning and a technique for fenestrated endovascular repair of a large Crawford type IV thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm after previous 2-fenestration endovascular aneurysm repair (FEVAR). TECHNIQUE: The first FEVAR procedure performed at another center implanted a standard Zenith device with 2 fenestrations and 1 scallop for a juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm. The diameter of the Crawford type IV thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm had progressed from 68 to 75 mm within a year after the FEVAR...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
Yijun Li, Min Nie, Qi Wang
Electromechanical sensors are indispensable components in functional devices and robotics application. However, the fabrication of the sensors still maintain a challenging issue that high percolation threshold and easy failure of conductive network are derived from uniaxial orientation of conductive fillers in practical melt processing. Herein, we reported a facile fabrication method to prepare multi-axial low density polyethylene (LDPE) /carbon fibers (CFs) tube with bidirectional controllable electrical conductivity and sensitive strain-responsive performance via rotation extrusion technology...
December 13, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Louise Dolphin, Amanda Fitzgerald, Barbara Dooley
AIMS: Risky sex behaviours among college students are a growing public health concern. However, few studies have profiled these behaviours using a large range of psychosocial correlates. METHODS: Participants were 6874 undergraduate and postgraduate students (64.7% female, age range 17-25 years, M = 20.43 years, SD = 1.86 years) drawn from 13 higher-level institutions in Ireland. RESULTS: Regarding prevalence, 75% of the sample report that they have been, or are currently sexually active...
December 13, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
Hongsup Shin, Qijia Zou, Wei Ji Ma
We used a delayed-estimation paradigm to characterize the joint effects of set size (one, two, four, or six) and delay duration (1, 2, 3, or 6 s) on visual working memory for orientation. We conducted two experiments: one with delay durations blocked, another with delay durations interleaved. As dependent variables, we examined four model-free metrics of dispersion as well as precision estimates in four simple models. We tested for effects of delay time using analyses of variance, linear regressions, and nested model comparisons...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Vision
S Sarikurt, Y Kadioglu, F Ersan, E Vatansever, O Üzengi Aktürk, Y Yüksel, Ü Akıncı, E Aktürk
Recent experiments revealed that monolayer α-RuCl3 can be obtained by a chemical exfoliation method and exfoliation or restacking of nanosheets can manipulate the magnetic properties of the materials. In this paper, the electronic and magnetic properties of an α-RuCl3 monolayer are investigated by combining first-principles calculations and Monte Carlo simulations. From first-principles calculations, we found that the spin configuration of FM corresponds to the ground state for α-RuCl3, however, the other excited zigzag oriented spin configuration has an energy of 5 meV per atom higher than the ground state...
December 13, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Emil Petrescu, Cristina Cirtoaje, Cristina Stan
The dynamic behavior of a mixture of 4-cyano-4'-pentylbiphenyl (5CB) with 1% CoFe2O4 nanoparticles was analyzed. Experimental data indicate a high stability of the nematic director in the mixture compared to a reference 5CB sample in the magnetic field. The ferrite nanoparticles agglomerate forming long chains as observed in polarized microscopy images. These chains have a very high influence on the magneto-optic effect of the cell. When the magnetic field is applied on the mixture, the chains tend to align with the field direction but, due to their large size, they remain oriented obliquely between the support plates...
2017: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
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