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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668146/-adolescents-suffering-from-anorexia-nervosa-an-evidence-based-approach-of-the-parent-s-role-in-2018
#1
Sophie Vust, Solange Cook-Darzens, Françoise Lier, Anne-Emmanuelle Ambresin
A new paradigm in the management of adolescents with eating disorders promotes different treatment orientations aiming at increasing therapeutic effectiveness as well as offering a more integrated and coherent care for families. Particular attention is given to the process of refeeding to avoid the severe somatic sequelae of eating disorder and the risk of a chronic course for a disorder which is well known for its « addictive » power and influence. The parents and the need for a strong alliance with the healthcare team stand at the centre of this new paradigm...
April 18, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667934/brain-computer-interaction-for-online-enhancement-of-visuospatial-attention-performance
#2
Romain Trachel, Thomas Brochier, Maureen Clerc
OBJECTIVE: the goal of this study is to investigate whether BCI that decode the location of covert attention can be leveraged to enhance visuospatial attention performance. Here, the covert attention task is to discriminate the orientation of a low-contrast target embedded in dynamic noise. Visuospatial attention performance is measured by the reaction time and the accuracy of target discrimination. APPROACH: The target location is indicated by a central cue made of randomly moving dots providing either predictive or ambiguous information...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667752/ion-pairing-assemblies-of-%C3%AF-electronic-anions-formed-by-intramolecular-hydrogen-bonding
#3
Hiromitsu Maeda, Yuka Takeda, Yohei Haketa, Yuta Morimoto, Nobuhiro Yasuda
π-Extended nitro-substituted dipyrrolylphenol derivatives were synthesized, providing π-electronic anions upon deprotonation and stabilization of the phenolate (phenoxide) moiety by the pyrrole NH, which served as a hydrogen-bonding donor. Ion-pairing assemblies of the deprotonated anions were formed in the solid state and as mesophases. In the solid state, the extended π-plane is more suitable to form charge-by-charge assemblies in combination with tetraalkylammonium cations with highly anisotropic orientations through its more efficient stacking...
April 18, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667695/walking-on-eggshells-addressing-nursing-students-fear-of-the-psychiatric-clinical-setting
#4
Samuel P Abraham, Connie Cramer, Helen Palleschi
The current article discusses the feelings of nursing students as they enter their psychiatric rotation. Most nursing students are apprehensive of the psychiatric clinical setting. After more than 25 years of teaching, observing, and listening to remarks from students, the current researchers have discovered two major situations nursing students fear most about the psychiatric clinical setting: handling an assaultive patient and communication. Students have heard stories from the media and come with preconceived ideas about the psychiatric setting...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667545/molecular-bases-of-sperm-thermotaxis-old-and-new-knowledges
#5
Luca De Toni, Savina Dipresa, Carlo Foresta, Andrea Garolla
Sperm thermotaxis, namely the temperature-oriented motility of sperm cells, is a key process involved in ejaculated sperm guidance towards the oocyte for fertilization pourposes. Since its discovery in 2003, many studies clarified the dynamic, the sensitivity and the overall weight of this process in the comprehensive context of fertilization. However, the identification of sperm thermosensor/s remained elusive until recently. The most recent cues about the molecular bases of the old known process of thermotaxis are here revised...
April 18, 2018: Protein and Peptide Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667488/testing-the-theory-of-resilience-and-relational-load-trrl-in-families-with-type-i-diabetes
#6
Tamara Afifi, Douglas Granger, Anne Ersig, Eva Tsalikian, Ariana Shahnazi, Sharde Davis, Kathryn Harrison, Michelle Acevedo Callejas, Audrey Scranton
The theory of resilience and relational load was tested with 60 couples and their adolescent children (ages 11-18) with type I diabetes (T1D). The couples participated in a stress-inducing conversation task in their home, followed by a random assignment to a two-week intervention designed to increase their relationship maintenance. Before the intervention, stronger communal orientation predicted greater maintenance for husbands and wives, but maintenance only reduced T1D stress for wives. The wives' and adolescents' T1D stress were also correlated, but the husbands' T1D stress was not significantly associated with either of them...
April 18, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667417/review-of-duodenal-perforations-after-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-in-hospital-puerta-de-hierro-from-1999-to-2014
#7
Elena Jiménez Cubedo, Javier López Monclús, José Luis Lucena de la Poza, Natalia González Alcolea, Pablo Calvo Espino, Arturo García Pavia, Victor Sánchez Turrión
INTRODUCTION: endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) remains the gold standard in biliary and pancreatic pathology. Although the procedure has a significant morbidity and mortality rate. Algorithms are needed for the management and treatment of the associated complications. OBJECTIVE: to review the post-ERCP perforations treated in the Department of General Surgery of the Hospital Puerta de Hierro from 1999 to 2014. The results were evaluated according to the types of perforation and treatment...
April 18, 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667319/patterning-of-discotic-liquid-crystals-with-tunable-molecular-orientation-for-electronic-applications
#8
Cheng Zou, Jingxia Wang, Meng Wang, Yuchen Wu, Kehua Gu, Zhihao Shen, Guirong Xiong, Huai Yang, Lei Jiang, Tomiki Ikeda
The large-area formation of functional micropatterns with liquid crystals is of great significance for diversified applications in interdisciplinary fields. Meanwhile, the control of molecular alignment in the patterns is fundamental and prerequisite for the adequate exploitation of their photoelectric properties. However, it would be extremely complicated and challenging for discotic liquid crystals (DLCs) to achieve the goal, because they are insensitive to external fields and surface chemistry. Herein, a simple method of patterning and aligning DLCs on flat substrates is disclosed through precise control of the formation and dewetting of the capillary liquid bridges, within which the DLC molecules are confined...
April 18, 2018: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667190/age-related-changes-in-late-i-waves-influence-motor-cortex-plasticity-induction-in-older-adults
#9
George M Opie, John Cirillo, John G Semmler
KEYPOINTS SUMMARY: The response to neuroplasticity interventions using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is reduced in older adults, which may be due, in part, to age-related alterations in interneuronal (I-wave) circuitry. The current study investigated age-related changes in interneuronal characteristics and whether they influence motor cortical plasticity in older adults. While I-wave recruitment was unaffected by age, there was a shift in the temporal characteristics of the late, but not early I-waves...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667063/allocating-on-coal-consumption-and-co-2-emission-from-fair-and-efficient-perspective-empirical-analysis-on-provincial-panel-data-of-china
#10
Bang-Jun Wang, Jia-Lu Zhao, Yan-Fang Wu, Chao-Qun Zhu, Yin-Nan He, Yi-Xi Wei
This paper considers a problem of how to allocate resource effectively and equitably among provinces. To address the problem, a total factor resource input-oriented data envelopment analysis (DEA) model is used to evaluate the energy and environmental efficiency for 30 provinces in China during 2009-2013 in this paper. Based on the evaluation results, from efficient and fair perspective, a revised DEA-based resource allocation model is established. It is worth pointing out that the model takes the input orientation and output orientation into account at the same time and can be used to allocate coal consumption and carbon emission by 2020 for 30 provinces in China...
April 18, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666930/role-of-side-slip-flight-in-target-pursuit-blue-tailed-damselflies-ischnura-elegans-avoid-body-rotation-while-approaching-a-moving-perch
#11
Ziv Kassner, Gal Ribak
Visually guided flight control requires processing changes in the visual panorama (optic-flow) resulting from self-movement relative to stationary objects, as well as from moving objects passing through the field of view. We studied the ability of the blue-tailed damselfly, Ischnura elegans, to successfully land on a perch moving unpredictably. We tracked the insects landing on a vertical pole moved linearly 6 cm back and forth with sinusoidal changes in velocity. When the moving perch changed direction at frequencies higher than 1 Hz, the damselflies engaged in manoeuvres that typically involved sideways flight, with minimal changes in body orientation relative to the stationary environment...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Comparative Physiology. A, Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666894/-conservative-management-of-varicosis-and-postthrombotic-syndrome
#12
J Knupfer, S Reich-Schupke, M Stücker
Both varicosis and postthrombotic syndrome are manifestations of chronic venous disease - a widespread disease. Even at an early stage there are visible vascular symptoms, feeling of heaviness and tendency to swelling. In advanced stages, skin alterations and chronic wounds follow. Chronic venous insufficiency as a progressive disease can lead to significant limitations in the quality of life. Adequate diagnosis and therapy is therefore essential. A causal therapy that removes varices or occluding processes should be targeted whenever possible...
April 17, 2018: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666653/mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-oriented-plga-acecm-composite-scaffolds-enhance-structure-specific-regeneration-of-hyaline-cartilage-in-a-rabbit-model
#13
Weimin Guo, Xifu Zheng, Weiguo Zhang, Mingxue Chen, Zhenyong Wang, Chunxiang Hao, Jingxiang Huang, Zhiguo Yuan, Yu Zhang, Mingjie Wang, Jiang Peng, Aiyuan Wang, Yu Wang, Xiang Sui, Wenjing Xu, Shuyun Liu, Shibi Lu, Quanyi Guo
Articular cartilage lacks a blood supply and nerves. Hence, articular cartilage regeneration remains a major challenge in orthopedics. Decellularized extracellular matrix- (ECM-) based strategies have recently received particular attention. The structure of native cartilage exhibits complex zonal heterogeneity. Specifically, the development of a tissue-engineered scaffold mimicking the aligned structure of native cartilage would be of great utility in terms of cartilage regeneration. Previously, we fabricated oriented PLGA/ACECM (natural, nanofibrous, articular cartilage ECM) composite scaffolds...
2018: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666594/association-of-lower-spiritual-well-being-social-support-self-esteem-subjective-well-being-optimism-and-hope-scores-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-mild-dementia
#14
Sabrina B Dos Santos, Gabrielli P Rocha, Liana L Fernandez, Analuiza C de Padua, Caroline T Reppold
Introduction: Positive psychology (PP) constructs contribute significantly to a better quality of life for people with various diseases. There are still few studies that have evaluated the evolution of these aspects during the progression of dementia. Objective: To compare the scores for self-esteem, life satisfaction, affect, spirituality, hope, optimism and perceived support network between elderly people with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), mild dementia and moderate dementia and control group. Methods: Cross-sectional study...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666575/combining-mental-training-and-physical-training-with-goal-oriented-protocols-in-stroke-rehabilitation-a-feasibility-case-study
#15
Xin Zhang, Ahmed M Elnady, Bubblepreet K Randhawa, Lara A Boyd, Carlo Menon
Stroke is one of the leading causes of permanent disability in adults. The literature suggests that rehabilitation is key to early motor recovery. However, conventional therapy is labor and cost intensive. Robotic and functional electrical stimulation (FES) devices can provide a high dose of repetitions and as such may provide an alternative, or an adjunct, to conventional rehabilitation therapy. Brain-computer interfaces (BCI) could augment neuroplasticity by introducing mental training. However, mental training alone is not enough; but combining mental with physical training could boost outcomes...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666459/stress-induced-reverse-martensitic-transformation-in-a-ti-51ni-at-alloy-aged-under-uniaxial-stress
#16
Fei Xiao, Hong Chen, Xuejun Jin, Zhihua Nie, Tomoyuki Kakeshita, Takashi Fukuda
Ti-51Ni (at%) alloys including coherent precipitates of Ti3 Ni4 exhibits thermally-induced B2-R transformation. If the Ti3 Ni4 is formed under tensile stress, it orientates preferentially so that its habit plane becomes perpendicular to the tensile axis. In such specimens, stress-induced reverse R-B2 transformation is reported to occur. In the present study, the stress-induced reverse R-B2 transformation behavior was studied by infrared camera and in situ X-ray analysis. The infrared camera observation revealed that the temperature of the specimen decreases homogeneously by the application of tensile stress within the resolution of the camera...
April 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666333/a-novel-alu-mediated-microdeletion-in-the-runx2-gene-in-a-chinese-patient-with-cleidocranial-dysplasia
#17
Yunzhu Qian, Yingying Zhang, Bin Wei, Mengshu Zhang, Jianxin Yang, Cuihua Leng, Zili Ge, Xingshun Xu, Miao Sun
Cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD; OMIM: 119600) is a rare autosomal dominant skeletal dysplasia caused by RUNX2 gene mutations. The present study described a sporadic case with CCD. The clinical data of the proband with CCD was reported and genetic analysis was performed. The proband presented with typical CCD features including supernumerary impacted teeth, bilateral clavicle dysplasia, delayed closure of cranial sutures, and short stature; while his hands were normal. Sequencing analysis of the entire coding region of the RUNX2 gene revealed no pathogenic changes; however, copy-number analysis with the Affymetrix HD array found ~500 kb genomicmicrodeletion...
March 2018: Journal of Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666262/spatial-and-temporal-heterogeneity-of-neural-responses-in-human-posteromedial-cortex
#18
Amy L Daitch, Josef Parvizi
Neuroimaging evidence supports a role of the default mode network (DMN) in spontaneous thought and goal-driven internally oriented processes, such as recalling an autobiographical event, and has demonstrated its deactivation during focused, externally oriented attention. Recent work suggests that the DMN is not a homogeneous network but rather is composed of at least several subnetworks, which are engaged in distinct functions; however, it is still unclear if these different functions rely on the same neuronal populations...
April 16, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666034/contraceptive-use-effectiveness-and-pregnancy-prevention-information-preferences-among-heterosexual-and-sexual-minority-college-women
#19
Heather D Blunt-Vinti, Erika L Thompson, Stacey B Griner
BACKGROUND: Previous research shows that sexual minority women have higher rates of unintended pregnancy than heterosexual women, but has not considered the wide range of contraceptive method effectiveness when exploring this disparity. We examine contraceptive use effectiveness and desire for pregnancy prevention information among college women across sexual orientation identity as a risk factor for unintended pregnancy. METHODS: Using the National College Health Assessment Fall-2015 dataset, restricted to women who reported engaging in vaginal sex and not wanting to be pregnant (N = 6,486), logistic regression models estimated the odds of contraceptive method effectiveness and desire for pregnancy prevention information by sexual orientation...
April 14, 2018: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665975/corrigendum-to-social-value-orientation-modulates-context-based-social-comparison-preference-in-the-outcome-evaluation-an-erp-study-neuropsychologia-112-2018-135-144
#20
Yanyan Qi, Syeda Raiha, Haiyan Wu, Xun Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 14, 2018: Neuropsychologia
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