keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Grossing

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332195/histomorphometry-and-cortical-robusticity-of-the-adult-human-femur
#1
Justyna Jolanta Miszkiewicz, Patrick Mahoney
Recent quantitative analyses of human bone microanatomy, as well as theoretical models that propose bone microstructure and gross anatomical associations, have started to reveal insights into biological links that may facilitate remodeling processes. However, relationships between bone size and the underlying cortical bone histology remain largely unexplored. The goal of this study is to determine the extent to which static indicators of bone remodeling and vascularity, measured using histomorphometric techniques, relate to femoral midshaft cortical width and robusticity...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332130/cerebrospinal-fluid-pressure-revisiting-factors-influencing-optic-nerve-head-biomechanics
#2
Yi Hua, Andrew P Voorhees, Ian A Sigal
Purpose: To model the sensitivity of the optic nerve head (ONH) biomechanical environment to acute variations in IOP, cerebrospinal fluid pressure (CSFP), and central retinal artery blood pressure (BP). Methods: We extended a previously published numerical model of the ONH to include 24 factors representing tissue anatomy and mechanical properties, all three pressures, and constraints on the optic nerve (CON). A total of 8340 models were studied to predict factor influences on 98 responses in a two-step process: a fractional factorial screening analysis to identify the 16 most influential factors, followed by a response surface methodology to predict factor effects in detail...
January 1, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331847/longitudinal-hippocampal-and-extra-hippocampal-microstructural-and-macrostructural-changes-following-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-surgery
#3
Cameron A Elliott, Donald W Gross, B Matt Wheatley, Christian Beaulieu, Tejas Sankar
OBJECTIVES: 1) Characterize the evolution of microstructural changes in the contralateral, non-operated hippocampus-using longitudinal diffusion tensor imaging (DTI)-following surgery for temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). 2) Characterize the downstream extra-hippocampal volumetric changes of the fornix and mammillary bodies after TLE surgery. 3) Examine the relationship between these measures and seizure/cognitive outcome. METHODS: Serial structural and DTI brain MRI scans were collected in 25 TLE patients pre- and post-surgery (anterior temporal lobectomy, ATL - 13; selective amygdalohippocampectomy, SelAH - 12) and in 12 healthy controls...
January 6, 2018: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331615/increased-brain-glucocorticoid-actions-following-social-defeat-in-rats-facilitates-the-long-term-establishment-of-social-subordination
#4
Meltem Weger, Yannick Sevelinges, Jocelyn Grosse, Isabelle Guillot de Suduiraut, Olivia Zanoletti, Carmen Sandi
Social rank is frequently established through aggressive encounters between new conspecifics. Despite increasing evidence suggesting that social rank is critical for the well-being of both humans and animals, knowledge about the factors influencing social rank remain scarce. Stress was previously shown to affect the establishment and maintenance of social hierarchies in rats. Likewise, increasing systemic corticosterone levels post-encounter in the emerging subordinate rat facilitates the long-term establishment of social subordination...
January 10, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330949/functional-morphology-of-mimetic-musculature-in-primates-how-social-variables-and-body-size-stack-up-to-phylogeny
#5
Anne M Burrows
Mammalian skeletal muscle is influenced by the functional demands placed upon it. Functional morphology of facial expression musculature, or mimetic musculature, is largely unknown. Recently, primate mimetic musculature has been shown to respond to demands associated with social factors. Body size has also been demonstrated to affect many aspects of primate functional morphology and evolutionary morphology. The present study was designed to further examine the role of social variables and body size in influencing the morphology of primate mimetic musculature using a broad phylogenetic range of primates, primates with varying body sizes, and those that exploit differing time of day activity cycles and social group sizes...
February 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330940/extracorporeal-shockwave-therapy-for-treatment-of-keloid-scars
#6
Ching-Jen Wang, Jih-Yang Ko, Wen-Yi Chou, Jai-Hong Cheng, Yur-Ren Kuo
The purpose of this investigation was to study the effectiveness of extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) for the treatment of keloid scars, and compared the results with intralesional steroid injection. Thirty-nine patients were randomly divided into 22 in ESWT group and 17 in steroid group. The ESWT group received 3 ESWT treatments in 6 weeks. The steroid group received 3 intra-lesional triamcinolone injections in 6 weeks. The evaluations included gross morphology, functional outcome, local blood flow perfusion, biopsy for histopathological examination and immunohistochemical analysis...
January 13, 2018: Wound Repair and Regeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330699/accounting-of-ghg-emissions-and-removals-from-forest-management-a-long-road-from-kyoto-to-paris
#7
REVIEW
Joachim H A Krug
BACKGROUND: Forests have always played an important role in agreeing on accounting rules during the past two decades of international climate policy development. Starting from activity-based gross-net accounting of selected forestry activities to mandatory accounting against a baseline-rules have changed quite rapidly and with significant consequences for accounted credits and debits. Such changes have direct consequences on incentives for climate-investments in forestry. There have also been strong arguments not to include forests into the accounting system by considering large uncertainties, procedural challenges and a fear of unearned credits corrupting the overall accounting system, among others...
January 3, 2018: Carbon Balance and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330619/mr-arthrography-of-the-hip-diagnostic-performance-and-image-quality-of-3d-steady-state-free-precession-versus-2d-turbo-spin-echo-sequences
#8
Mareen Sarah Kraus, Mike Notohamiprodjo, Sasan Partovi, Ahmed Sobieh, Andrea Baur-Melnyk, Joerg Hausdorf, Ulrich Grosse
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively compare the diagnostic performance of isotropic 3D steady-state free precession (3D-SSFP) sequences with 2D turbo spin-echo proton density-weighted fat-saturated (2D-TSE-PD fs) images in hip magnetic resonance arthrography; arthroscopy was a standard of reference. METHODS: Eighty-one patients with suspected labral tears who underwent hip MR arthrography (3-T scanner) were included. 2D-TSE-PD fs sequences were acquired in three planes and a singular sagittal 3D-SSFP...
January 12, 2018: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330194/telotristat-ethyl-in-carcinoid-syndrome-safety-and-efficacy-in-the-telecast-phase-3-trial
#9
Marianne E Pavel, David J Gross, Marta Benavent, Petros Perros, Raj Srirajaskanthan, Richard R P Warner, Matthew H Kulke, Lowell Anthony, Pamela Kunz, Dieter Hörsch, Martin O Weickert, Pablo Lapuerta, Wenjun Jiang, Kenneth Kassler-Taub, Suman Wason, Rosanna Fleming, Douglas Fleming, Rocio García-Carbonero
Telotristat ethyl, a tryptophan hydroxylase inhibitor, was efficacious and well tolerated in the Phase 3 TELESTAR study in patients with carcinoid syndrome (CS) experiencing ≥4 bowel movements per day (BMs/day) while on somatostatin analogs (SSAs). TELECAST, a Phase 3 companion study, assessed safety and efficacy of telotristat ethyl in patients with CS (diarrhea, flushing, abdominal pain, nausea, or elevated urinary 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid [u5-HIAA]) with <4 BMs/day on SSAs (or ≥1 symptom or ≥4 BMs/day if not on SSAs) during a 12-week double-blind treatment period followed by a 36-week open-label extension (OLE)...
January 12, 2018: Endocrine-related Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329954/comparative-myology-of-the-ankle-of-leopardus-wiedii-and-l-geoffroyi-carnivora-felidae-functional-consistency-with-osteology-locomotor-habits-and-hunting-in-captivity
#10
Miriam M Morales, S Rocío Moyano, Agustina M Ortiz, Marcos D Ercoli, Luis I Aguado, Sergio A Cardozo, Norberto P Giannini
Leopardus wiedii (margay) is the only arboreal Neotropical felid able to climb head-first down trees, due to its ability to rotate its tarsal joint 180°. A closely related, similar-sized species, L. geoffroyi (Geoffroy's cat) exhibits more typical terrestrial habits and lacks the arboreal capabilities of L. wiedii. There is osteological evidence that supports a mechanical specialization of L. wiedii's tarsal joint for inversion, but there have been no studies on the myology of this specialization. Based on comparative gross-anatomy dissections of zeugo- and autopodial muscles related to the ankle joint of one margay specimen and two Geoffroýs cats, we identified myological specializations of L...
December 26, 2017: Zoology: Analysis of Complex Systems, ZACS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329039/an-investigation-into-the-drivers-of-avolition-in-schizophrenia
#11
Gaurav Suri, Lindsey M Lavaysse, Gerald Young, Craig Moodie, Alen Tersakyan, James J Gross, David E Gard
Over a century of research has documented that avolition is a core symptom in schizophrenia. However, the drivers of avolition remain unclear. Conceptually, there are at least two potential mutually compatible drivers that could cause avolition in schizophrenia. First, people with schizophrenia might have differences in preferences that result in less goal-directed behavior than non-clinical populations (preference-differences). Second, people with schizophrenia might have difficulty translating their preferences into manifest behavior at rates similar to non-clinical populations (psychological-inertia)...
January 6, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328944/analysis-of-the-evolution-of-gross-alpha-and-gross-beta-activities-in-airborne-samples-in-valencia-spain
#12
Marina Sáez-Muñoz, María Del Carmen Bas, Josefina Ortiz, Sebastián Martorell
Gross alpha (Aα) and gross beta activities (Aβ) were measured weekly in the airborne of the Universitat Politècnica de Valencia campus (in the east of Spain) during the period 2009-2015 (7 years). The geometric mean values of weekly Aα and Aβ were 0.53·10-4 Bq m-3 and 5.77·10-4 Bq m-3, respectively; with an average ratio Aα/Aβ of 0.097. This study highlights the heterogeneity of gross alpha and gross beta activities depending on the different periods of the year. Data show seasonal variations with the highest activity in summer months and the lowest one in winter months...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328887/macroscopic-rotator-cuff-tendinopathy-and-histopathology-do-not-predict-repair-outcomes-of-rotator-cuff-tears
#13
Paul M Sethi, Chirag D Sheth, Leo Pauzenberger, Mary Beth R McCarthy, Mark P Cote, Emma Soneson, Seth Miller, Augustus D Mazzocca
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have identified factors that may affect the chances of rotator cuff healing after surgery. Intraoperative tendon quality may be used to predict healing and to determine type of repair and/or consideration of augmentation. There are no data that correlate how gross tendon morphology and degree of tendinopathy affect patient outcome or postoperative tendon healing. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purposes of this study were to (1) compare the gross appearance of the tendon edge during arthroscopic rotator cuff repair with its histological degree of tendinopathy and (2) determine if gross appearance correlated with postoperative repair integrity...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328676/stabilizing-leaf-and-branch-compost-cutinase-lcc-with-glycosylation-mechanism-and-effect-on-pet-hydrolysis
#14
Abhijit N Shirke, Christine White, Jacob A Englaender, Allison Sophie Zwarycz, Glenn L Butterfoss, Robert J Linhardt, Richard A Gross
Cutinases are polyester hydrolases that show a remarkable capability to hydrolyze polyethylene terephthalate (PET) to its monomeric units. This revelation has stimulated research aimed at developing sustainable and green cutinase-catalyzed PET recycling methods. Leaf and branch compost cutinase (LCC) is particularly suited towards these ends given its relatively high PET hydrolysis activity and thermostability. Any practical enzymatic PET recycling application will require that the protein have kinetic stability at or above the PET glass transition temperature (Tg, i...
January 12, 2018: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328369/pitx2-dna-methylation-predicts-response-to-anthracycline-based-adjuvant-chemotherapy-in-triple-negative-breast-cancer-patients
#15
Magdalena Absmaier, Rudolf Napieralski, Tibor Schuster, Michaela Aubele, Axel Walch, Viktor Magdolen, Julia Dorn, Eva Gross, Nadia Harbeck, Aurelia Noske, Marion Kiechle, Manfred Schmitt
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) constitutes a heterogeneous breast cancer subgroup with poor prognosis; survival rates are likely to be lower with TNBC compared to other breast cancer subgroups. For this disease, systemic adjuvant chemotherapy regimens often yield suboptimal clinical results. To improve treatment regimens in TNBC, identification of molecular biomarkers may help to select patients for individualized adjuvant therapy. Evidence has accumulated that determination of the methylation status of the PITX2 gene provides a predictive value in various breast cancer subgroups, either treated with endocrine-based therapy or anthracycline-containing chemotherapy...
January 8, 2018: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327864/limits-of-endoscopic-endonasal-approach-for-cranio-vertebral-junction-tumors
#16
Matteo Zoli, Nicolò Rossi, Filippo Friso, Carmelo Sturiale, Giorgio Frank, Ernesto Pasquini, Diego Mazzatenta
INTRODUCTION: The endoscopic endonasal approach has been recently proposed for cranio-vertebral junction lesions. The more common indication for this sagittal extension of the endonasal route is represented by odontoidectomy for irreducible ventral brainstem compression due to congenital or degenerative conditions. However, in an increasing number of studies its adoption for tumors involving the cranio-cervical junction has been reported. The aim of this study is to consider retrospectively our surgical series, focusing on the advantages and limits of this approach...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327778/impact-of-physical-activity-and-body-mass-index-in-cardiovascular-and-musculoskeletal-health-a-review
#17
Morad Chughtai, Chukwuweike U Gwam, Nequesha Mohamed, Anton Khlopas, Nipun Sodhi, Assem A Sultan, Anil Bhave, Michael A Mont
Due to an increasing elderly population coupled with a growing obesity epidemic, there has been an increased prevalence in cardiovascular and musculoskeletal diseases. This has led to an increased burden in healthcare expenditures, now estimated to be over 17.8% of gross domestic product. As a result, physical activity has been increasingly encouraged due to its potential prophylactic effects on health. Recent reports have demonstrated a relationship between physical activity and body mass index (BMI) on cardiovascular and musculoskeletal health...
December 22, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327599/motor-skills-cognition-and-work-performance-of-people-with-severe-mental-illness
#18
Lena Lipskaya-Velikovsky, Dikla Elgerisi, Adam Easterbrook, Navah Z Ratzon
PURPOSE: Employment offers many benefits to people with mental illness, yet their employment rate is much lower than that of the general population. We investigated the effect of work-related motor skills, neurocognition, and job attitudes on the work performance of people with mental illness, comparing those working in sheltered workshops, with controls working in similar jobs. METHODS: Twenty-nine adults with severe mental illness and 27 controls matched by gender and age were enrolled into the study using convenience sampling...
January 12, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327521/cerebrospinal-fluid-a-clinicopathologic-analysis
#19
Asha Shenoy, Heena Desai, Aparna Mandvekar
Context and Objective: This study aims to emphasize the importance of an appropriate CSF examination in patients of suspected CNS disease and the necessity of correlating it with the clinico-radiologic findings which will help in early diagnosis of CNS diseases and guide the further management of the disease. Design: In this 2 year study, 215 CSF samples from patients with clinically suspected diseases of the CNS were studied. The CSF samples were analyzed for gross examination, protein, sugar, adenosine deaminase (ADA) levels, microscopic examination and microbiologic examination...
December 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327171/efficacy-of-adjuvant-radiotherapy-in-the-intracranial-hemangiopericytoma
#20
Seung Hyuck Jeon, Sung-Hye Park, Jin Wook Kim, Chul-Kee Park, Sun Ha Paek, Il Han Kim
We retrospectively evaluated an efficacy of adjuvant radiotherapy (RT) in the intracranial hemangiopericytoma (HPC) and analyzed prognostic factors influencing treatment outcomes. Among 49 patients diagnosed as localized intracranial HPC between 1995 and 2016, 31 patients received adjuvant RT after surgery; 26 with fractionated RT and 5 with stereotactic radiosurgery using Gamma Knife. After gross total resection (GTR) (n = 32) and subtotal resection (STR) (n = 17), histopathological grade was confirmed to be grade II (n = 9) or grade III (n = 40)...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
keyword
keyword
88845
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"