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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149753/identifying-relapse-prevention-elements-during-psychological-treatment-of-depression-development-of-an-observer-based-rating-instrument
#1
Katja Machmutow, Martin Grosse Holtforth, Tobias Krieger, Birgit Watzke
BACKGROUND: Although observer-rated instruments assessing therapist's adherence to relapse-preventive treatments are available, they do not adequately cover specific relapse-preventive elements that focus on implementation of strategies after terminating treatment. This study describes the development of the KERI-D (Kodierbogen zur Erfassung Rückfallprophylaktischer Interventionen bei Depression/Coding System to Assess Interventions of Relapse Prevention in Depression). The KERI-D is a new observer-based rating tool for acute or continuation/maintenance-phase sessions and assesses relapse-prevention elements including implementation into patient's daily routines...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148568/intrathecal-baclofen-in-dyskinetic-cerebral-palsy-effects-on-function-and-activity
#2
Meta N Eek, Kristina Olsson, Karin Lindh, Berit Askljung, Magnus Påhlman, Olle Corneliusson, Kate Himmelmann
AIM: To investigate the effect of intrathecal baclofen (ITB) on function and activity in dyskinetic cerebral palsy (CP). METHOD: A retrospective cohort study of records from 25 children (15 males, 10 females; mean age 10y 11mo, SD 4y 9mo). Five were classified in Gross Motor Function Classification level IV and 20 in level V. Parents were interviewed about activities in daily life, sitting, communication, pain, sleep, and gross and fine motor function. Differences before and 1 year after ITB were graded as positive, no change, or negative...
November 17, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147934/an-outbreak-of-poisoning-by-kalanchoe-blossfeldiana-in-cattle-in-northeastern-brazil
#3
Fábio S Mendonça, Naiara C F Nascimento, Valdir M Almeida, Thaiza C Braga, Daniele P Ribeiro, Hisadora A S Chaves, Givaldo B Silva Filho, Franklin Riet-Correa
In the world, Kalanchoe species are primarily ornamentals and houseplants, but some have escaped cultivation and can be found in the field. In Latin America, there are no reports of spontaneous poisoning by Kalanchoe species in animals. This study aimed to describe the epidemiological, clinical, and pathological aspects of an outbreak of poisoning by Kalanchoe blossfeldiana in cattle in the semiarid region of Pernambuco, Brazil. Epidemiological and clinical data were obtained from the owner and veterinarian during technical visits...
November 16, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147646/creation-and-pilot-testing-of-cases-for-case-based-learning-a-pedagogical-approach-for-pathology-cancer-diagnosis
#4
Shahin Sayed, Susan C Lester, Michael Wilson, Daniel Berney, Ricard Masia, Zahir Moloo, Jennifer Stall, Alexia Eslan, Stephanie Ayers, Angela Mutuku, Jeannette Guarner
Background: Case-based learning (CBL) is an established pedagogical active learning method used in various disciplines and defined based on the field of study and type of case. The utility of CBL for teaching specific aspects of cancer diagnosis to practising pathologists has not been previously studied in sub-Saharan Africa. Objectives: We aimed to pilot test standardised cancer cases on a group of practising pathologists in sub-Saharan Africa to evaluate case content, clarity of questions and delivery of content...
2017: African Journal of Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147635/global-and-targeted-pathway-impact-of-gliomas-on-white-matter-integrity-based-on-lobar-localization
#5
David R Ormond, Shawn D'Souza, John A Thompson
Primary brain tumors comprise 28% of all tumors and 80% of malignant tumors. Pathophysiology of high-grade gliomas includes significant distortion of white matter architecture, necrosis, the breakdown of the blood brain barrier, and increased intracranial pressure. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), a diffusion weighted imaging technique, can be used to assess white matter architecture. Use of DTI as a non-invasive pathophysiological tool to analyze glioma impact on white matter microstructure has yet to be fully explored...
September 7, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147573/risk-factors-for-exertional-rhabdomyolysis-with-renal-stress
#6
Terje Apeland, Tore Danielsen, Eva M Staal, Anders Åsberg, Inga S Thorsen, Tom Ole Dalsrud, Stein Ørn
Background: Exercise-induced rhabdomyolysis denotes the exertional damage of myocytes with leakage of sarcoplasmic content into the circulation. The purpose of this study was to determine important risk factors for the development of exertional rhabdomyolysis in a temperate climate and to study the renal effects of myoglobinuria. Methods: A cluster of eight military recruits was admitted to hospital due to exertional rhabdomyolysis with myoglobinuria. The patients were treated according to current guidelines with isotonic saline and alkalinisation of the urine...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147004/dose-de-escalation-to-the-normal-larynx-using-conformal-radiotherapy-reduces-toxicity-while-maintaining-oncologic-outcome-for-t1-t2-glottic-cancer
#7
Jun Won Kim, Hyung Kwon Byeon, Hong-Shik Choi, Ik Jae Lee
We evaluated the efficacy of dose de-escalation to the normal larynx using conformal radiotherapy (CRT) for T1/T2 glottic cancer. For conventional RT (2DRT, n = 38), the laryngeal box received a median equivalent dose in 2 Gy fractions (EQD2) of 66 Gy. For CRT (n = 42; 3D-CRT, 20; intensity-modulated RT, 22), clinical target volume (CTV)1 (gross tumor with a 3-mm margin) and CTV2 (laryngeal box) received median EQD2s of 66.6 Gy and 52.2 Gy, respectively. With a 71-month median follow-up, five-year local control and overall survival rates for 2DRT vs...
November 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146923/incidence-and-mortality-of-kidney-cancer-temporal-patterns-and-global-trends-in-39-countries
#8
Martin C S Wong, William B Goggins, Benjamin H K Yip, Franklin D H Fung, Colette Leung, Yuan Fang, Samuel Y S Wong, C F Ng
We tested the hypotheses that kidney cancer incidence was increasing globally whilst its mortality was reducing; and its incidence was positively correlated with country-specific socioeconomic development. The incidence and mortality figures of each country were projected to 2030. Data on age-standardized incidence/mortality rates were retrieved from the GLOBOCAN in 2012. Temporal patterns were examined for 39 countries from the Cancer Incidence in Five Continents volumes I-X and other national registries. We evaluated the correlation between the incidence/mortality rates and Human Development Index (HDI)/Gross Domestic Product (GDP])...
November 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146737/rheumatic-disorders-associated-with-immune-checkpoint-inhibitors-in-patients-with-cancer-clinical-aspects-and-relationship-with-tumour-response-a-single-centre-prospective-cohort-study
#9
Marie Kostine, Léa Rouxel, Thomas Barnetche, Rémi Veillon, Florent Martin, Caroline Dutriaux, Léa Dousset, Anne Pham-Ledard, Sorilla Prey, Marie Beylot-Barry, Amaury Daste, Marine Gross-Goupil, Julie Lallier, Alain Ravaud, Edouard Forcade, Bernard Bannwarth, Marie-Elise Truchetet, Christophe Richez, Nadia Mehsen, Thierry Schaeverbeke
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence and type of rheumatic immune-related adverse events (irAEs) in patients receiving immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs), as well as the correlation with tumour response. METHODS: This was a single-centre prospective observational study including all cancer patients receiving ICIs. The occurrence of irAEs and tumour response was assessed on a regular basis. Patients who experienced musculoskeletal symptoms were referred to the department of rheumatology for clinical evaluation and management...
November 16, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146387/dilemmas-in-genetic-counseling-for-low-penetrance-neuro-susceptibility-loci-detected-on-prenatal-chromosomal-microarray-analysis
#10
Dana Brabbing-Goldstein, Adi Reches, Ran Svirsky, Anat Bar-Shira, Yuval Yaron
BACKGROUND: Chromosomal microarray analysis is standard of care in fetuses with malformations, detecting clinically significant copy number variants in 5-7% of cases over conventional karyotyping. However, it also detects variants of uncertain significance in 1.6% - 4.2% of the cases, some of which are low-penetrance neuro-susceptibility loci. The interpretation of these variants in pregnancy is particularly challenging, because the significance is often unclear and the clinical implications may be difficult to predict...
November 13, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146179/soft-palate-reconstruction-after-radionecrosis-combined-anterolateral-thigh-adipofascial-and-nasoseptal-flaps
#11
Joseph Zenga, Jeffrey D Sharon, Jennifer Gross, Jay Gantz, Patrik Pipkorn
Although radiation-based treatment for nasopharyngeal cancer may achieve excellent long term oncologic results, late effects of therapy may lead to soft tissue radionecrosis and velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI). Repair of these oro- and nasopharyngeal defects presents a complex reconstructive challenge. We present a case of a long-term survivor treated with chemoradiotherapy for nasopharyngeal cancer who developed progressive dysphagia, velopharyngeal insufficiency, and radionecrosis of the nasopharynx and soft palate, leading to tracheostomy and gastrostomy tube dependence...
November 13, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146067/risky-movies-risky-behaviors-and-ethnic-identity-among-black-adolescents
#12
Amy Bleakley, Morgan E Ellithorpe, Michael Hennessy, Patrick E Jamieson, Atika Khurana, Ilana Weitz
PURPOSE: To investigate how exposure to sex, alcohol and violent content in mainstream and Black-oriented movies relates to corresponding adolescent behavior among Black youth from the United States and whether those relationships are moderated by ethnic identity. METHODS: The present study uses survey data from an online sample of 1000 Black adolescents and content analysis ratings on top-grossing 2014 films and 2013/2014 Black-oriented films. Content-specific exposure measures for alcohol, sexual activity, and violence were calculated from self-reported exposure data and content analysis ratings...
October 30, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146062/three-cases-of-adrenocortical-tumors-mistaken-for-hepatocellular-carcinomas-diagnostic-pitfalls-and-differential-diagnosis
#13
Won Young Park, Hyung Il Seo, Kyung Un Choi, Ahrong Kim, Young Keum Kim, So Jeong Lee, Chang Hun Lee, Gi Yeong Huh, Do Youn Park
Adrenocortical adenomas and carcinomas in other parenchyma are extremely rare, with few cases reported and because of the rarity of these tumors, they occasionally cause problems during diagnosis. Adrenal cortical neoplasms in liver parenchyma can be present in 3 forms, including direct invasion or adhesion to liver parenchyma, tumors arising in adrenohepatic fusion tissue or in ectopic adrenal gland tissue. We report 3 cases of adrenal cortical tumors that were misdiagnosed as hepatocellular carcinoma in the preoperative state...
December 2017: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145799/gangrenous-dermatitis-in-chickens-and-turkeys
#14
Carlos D Gornatti-Churria, Manuela Crispo, H L Shivaprasad, Francisco A Uzal
Gangrenous dermatitis (GD) is a disease of chickens and turkeys that causes severe economic losses in the poultry industry worldwide. Clostridium septicum, Clostridium perfringens type A, and occasionally Clostridium sordellii are considered the main causes of GD, although Staphylococcus aureus and other aerobic bacteria may also be involved in some cases of the disease. GD has become one of the most significant diseases of commercial turkeys in the United States. Several infectious and/or environmental immunosuppressive factors can predispose to GD...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145617/radiological-impact-of-some-common-foods-of-southern-part-of-west-bengal-india
#15
Biswajit Das, Argha Deb, Saheli Chowdhury
An appreciable portion of human exposure to natural radioactivity comes from food and drinking water. Gross alpha radioactivity has been measured in thirty one food items consumed almost every day by the people of southern part of West Bengal, India, by using the solid state nuclear track detector LR-115. The annual effective doses due to intake of alpha-emitting radionuclides through these food items have also been estimated, and the total average annual dose received by an adultthrough ingestion of these foodstuffs calculated, considering the food habit of the people of the region...
November 14, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145594/wellbeing-of-gay-fathers-with-children-born-through-surrogacy-a-comparison-with-lesbian-mother-families-and-heterosexual-ivf-parent-families
#16
L Van Rijn-van Gelderen, H W M Bos, T D Jorgensen, K Ellis-Davies, A Winstanley, S Golombok, B Rubio, M Gross, O Vecho, M E Lamb
STUDY QUESTION: Are there differences in levels of parental wellbeing (parental stress, psychological adjustment and partner relationship satisfaction) between gay-father families with infants born through surrogacy, lesbian-mother families with infants born through donor insemination, and heterosexual-parent families with infants born through IVF? SUMMARY ANSWER: There were no differences in parental wellbeing. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The only other study of parental wellbeing in gay-father families formed through surrogacy (mean age children: 4 years old) found no difference in couple relationship satisfaction between these families and lesbian-mother families formed through donor insemination and heterosexual-parent families formed without assisted reproductive technologies...
November 14, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145294/recurrent-tracheoesophageal-fistula-in-an-adolescent-without-persistent-symptoms-a-case-report
#17
Jun-Hong Lin, Li Deng, Xing Li
RATIONALE: Congenital esophageal atresia (EA) and tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) ininfants have been treated well with surgery. Approximately 10% of children displayed recurrent fistula. In the present case, we reported recurrent TEF in an adolescent as a complication of EA/TEF in infancy. PATIENT CONCERNS: An infant was diagnosed with gross type C congenital EA and TEF and subsequentlyunderwent repair in early infancy, with division of the TEF and primary esophageal anastomosis...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145282/autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease-combined-with-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-a-case-report
#18
Yingjing Shen, Chenggang Xu
INTRODUCTION: This report describes the novel sampling of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) combined with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). SYMPTOMS AND CLINICAL FINDINGS: A 48-year-old Chinese man presented with anasarca, hypourocrinia, gross hematuria, and weight gain by 10 kg subsequently developed acute kidney injury after struck by acute respiratory distress syndrome, really a threat to his heart. DIAGNOSES: Abdominal ultrasound revealed multiple small cysts in both kidneys, with the right kidney measuring 11...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145249/prospective-associations-between-measures-of-gross-and-fine-motor-coordination-in-infants-and-objectively-measured-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-childhood
#19
Guillermo F López Sánchez, Genevieve Williams, Daniel Aggio, Domenico Vicinanza, Brendon Stubbs, Catherine Kerr, James Johnstone, Justine Roberts, Lee Smith
One important determinant of childhood physical activity and sedentary behavior may be that of motor development in infancy. The present analyses aimed to investigate whether gross and fine motor delays in infants were associated with objective and self-reported activity in childhood. Data were from the UK Millennium Cohort Study, a prospective cohort study, involving UK children born on or around the millennium (September 2000 and January 2002). When children were 9 months old, parents reported children's fine and gross motor-coordination, and at 7 years, sports club attendance and daily TV viewing time...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144625/acquired-hemophilia-presenting-as-gross-hematuria-following-kidney-stone-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#20
Max Schmidt-Bowman, Lael Reinstatler, Eric P Raffin, Joseph E Yared, John D Seigne, Einar F Sverrisson
A rare condition in itself, acquired hemophilia A, seldom presents as isolated gross hematuria. It is a serious condition with a high mortality rate and thus clinical suspicion followed by prompt diagnosis is imperative (1). In fact, only 8 cases of such presentation of this condition have been reported thus far in the literature. Of these, none describe the initial presentation of hematuria with the inciting event of a kidney stone. We present a case of a 67-year-old man with signs and symptoms of nephrolithiasis accompanied by profuse hematuria, who was subsequently found to have developed expression of factor VIII inhibitor leading to acquired hemophilia A...
November 19, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
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