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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453973/determinants-of-children-s-exposure-to-pyrethroid-insecticides-in-western-france
#1
Philippe Glorennec, Tania Serrano, Morgane Fravallo, Charline Warembourg, Christine Monfort, Sylvaine Cordier, Jean-François Viel, Florent Le Gléau, Barbara Le Bot, Cécile Chevrier
Pyrethroids are insecticides frequently used in agriculture and in the home; exposure occurs through dietary and non-dietary pathways, including indoor and outdoor environmental contamination. Our objective was to study the potential determinants of pyrethroid metabolite concentrations measured in children's urine samples and in the dust of their homes. Specifically, we measured urinary metabolites from morning spot samples of 245 six-year-old children living in Brittany (France) in 2009-2012 and from dust vacuumed from the floor of their homes...
April 25, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437903/real-time-broadband-radio-frequency-spectrum-analyzer-based-on-parametric-spectro-temporal-analyzer-pasta
#2
Liao Chen, Yuhua Duan, Haidong Zhou, Xi Zhou, Chi Zhang, Xinliang Zhang
A real-time broadband radio frequency (RF) spectrum analyzer is proposed and experimentally demonstrated to rapidly measure the RF spectrum of broadband optical signal. Cross phase modulation in the highly-nonlinear fiber is used to convert the RF spectrum carried by the pump to the optical spectrum of the probe signal, then the optical spectrum is real-time analyzed with the parametric spectro-temporal analyzer (PASTA) technology. The system performances are investigated in detail, including bandwidth, resolution, frame rate, and dynamic range...
April 17, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436621/risk-factors-for-mortality-before-age-18-years-in-cystic-fibrosis
#3
Susanna A McColley, Michael S Schechter, Wayne J Morgan, David J Pasta, Marcia L Craib, Michael W Konstan
BACKGROUND: Understanding early-life risk factors for childhood death in cystic fibrosis (CF) is important for clinical care, including the identification of effective interventions. METHODS: Data from the Epidemiologic Study of Cystic Fibrosis (ESCF) collected 1994-2005 were linked with the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation Patient Registry (CFFPR) demographic and mortality data from 2013. Inclusion criteria were ≥1 visit annually at age 3-5 years and ≥1 FEV1 measurement at age 6-8 years...
April 24, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431980/shear-stress-alterations-in-the-celiac-trunk-of-patients-with-a-continuous-flow-left-ventricular-assist-device-as-shown-by-in-silico-and-in-vitro-flow-analyses
#4
Francesco Scardulla, Salvatore Pasta, Leonardo D'Acquisto, Sergio Sciacca, Valentina Agnese, Christian Vergara, Alfio Quarteroni, Francesco Clemenza, Diego Bellavia, Michele Pilato
BACKGROUND: The use of left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) to treat advanced cardiac heart failure is constantly increasing, although this device leads to high risk for gastrointestinal bleeding. METHODS: Using in-silico flow analysis, we quantified hemodynamic alterations due to continuous-flow LVAD (HeartWare, Inc., Framingham, MA) in the celiac trunk and major branches of the abdominal aorta, and then explored the relationship between wall shear stress (WSS) and celiac trunk orientation...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424064/effectiveness-of-triple-therapy-with-direct-acting-antivirals-for-hepatitis-c-genotype-1-infection-application-of-propensity-score-matching-in-a-national-hcv-treatment-registry
#5
Emma Gray, David J Pasta, Suzanne Norris, Aisling O'Leary
BACKGROUND: Observational studies are used to measure the effectiveness of an intervention in non-experimental, real world scenarios at the population level and are recognised as an important component of the evidence pyramid. Such data can be accrued through prospective cohort studies and a patient registry is a proven method for this type of study. The national hepatitis C (HCV) registry was established in Ireland in 2012 with the aim of monitoring the clinical and economic outcomes from new, high cost regimens for the treatment of HCV infection...
April 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415322/thermal-rectification-in-mass-graded-next-nearest-neighbor-fermi-pasta-ulam-lattices
#6
M Romero-Bastida, Jorge-Orlando Miranda-Peña, Juan M López
We study the thermal rectification efficiency, i.e., quantification of asymmetric heat flow, of a one-dimensional mass-graded anharmonic oscillator Fermi-Pasta-Ulam lattice both with nearest-neighbor (NN) and next-nearest-neighbor (NNN) interactions. The system presents a maximum rectification efficiency for a very precise value of the parameter that controls the coupling strength of the NNN interactions, which also optimizes the rectification figure when its dependence on mass asymmetry and temperature differences is considered...
March 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415308/thermal-transport-in-the-fermi-pasta-ulam-model-with-long-range-interactions
#7
Debarshee Bagchi
We study the thermal transport properties of the one-dimensional Fermi-Pasta-Ulam model (β type) with long-range interactions. The strength of the long-range interaction decreases with the (shortest) distance between the lattice sites as distance^{-δ}, where δ≥0. Two Langevin heat baths at unequal temperatures are connected to the ends of the one-dimensional lattice via short-range harmonic interactions that drive the system away from thermal equilibrium. In the nonequilibrium steady state the heat current, thermal conductivity, and temperature profiles are computed by solving the equations of motion numerically...
March 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410796/-improving-diet-quality-in-children-through-a-new-nutritional-education-programme-infadimed
#8
Maria Del Mar Bibiloni, Jordi Fernández-Blanco, Noemí Pujol-Plana, Núria Martín-Galindo, Maria Mercè Fernández-Vallejo, Mariona Roca-Domingo, Juan Chamorro-Medina, Josep A Tur
OBJECTIVE: To assess the results of a nutritional education programme developed by using available local resources to improve diet quality and decrease overweight and obesity prevalence among children. METHOD: A longitudinal intervention study by means of nutritional education (INFADIMED) in children (aged 3-7 years) from Vilafranca del Penedès (Barcelona, Spain), recruited from preschool centres and primary schools, with an intervention or INFADIMED group (n=319; 50...
April 11, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397752/wholegrain-food-acceptance-in-young-singaporean-adults
#9
Jia En Neo, Iain A Brownlee
Previous epidemiological evidence suggests that habitual consumption of whole grains is associated with reduction of disease risk. While wholegrain food consumption appears to be increasing in Singapore, it is still low, with more infrequent consumption noted in younger Singaporeans. Therefore, the primary objective of this study is to determine the knowledge of whole grains and barriers to consumption of wholegrain foods. Thirty participants (age range 21-26 year, 19 females) took part in two focus groups separated by a 2-week period in which participants trialled a range of wholegrain foods...
April 8, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396048/effects-of-aroma-and-taste-independently-or-in-combination-on-appetite-sensation-and-subsequent-food-intake
#10
Wenting Yin, Louise Hewson, Robert Linforth, Moira Taylor, Ian D Fisk
Food flavour is important in appetite control. The effects of aroma and taste, independently or in combination, on appetite sensation and subsequent food intake, were studied. Twenty-six females (24 ± 4 years, 20.9 ± 1.9 kg⋅m(-2)) consumed, over 15 min period, one of four sample drinks as a preload, followed by an ad libitum consumption of a pasta meal (after 65 min). Sample drinks were: water (S1, 0 kcal), water with strawberry aroma (S2, 0 kcal), water with sucrose and citric acid (S3, 48 kcal) and water with strawberry aroma, sucrose and citric acid (S4, 48 kcal)...
April 7, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386709/in-silico-analysis-of-five-missense-mutations-in-cyp1b1-gene-in-pakistani-families-affected-with-primary-congenital-glaucoma
#11
Sabika Firasat, Haiba Kaul, Usman Ali Ashfaq, Sobia Idrees
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to characterize the five missense mutations in CYP1B1 gene identified in Pakistani families affected with primary congenital glaucoma (PCG) using various bioinformatics and protein modeling tools. METHODS: We previously reported four novel missense mutations in CYP1B1 gene segregating in consanguineous Pakistani families. These mutations were identified by direct sequencing of all coding exons, the exon-intron boundaries and the 5' untranslated region of CYP1B1 using genomic DNA from affected and unaffected family members...
April 6, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370110/steady-dynamic-and-structural-deformation-three-interval-thixotropy-test-characteristics-of-gluten-free-tarhana-soup-prepared-with-different-concentrations-of-quinoa-flour
#12
M Kürşat Demir, Gözde Kutlu, Mustafa T Yilmaz
Celiac disease is among the most important health problems and the most important feature of this disease is its being the only lifelong food allergy. To overcome this problem, some gluten-free and starch based food products have been generally introduced to the market; however, these products are starch based with low nutritive value. Therefore, it is important to enrich such products for individuals who are obliged to be nourished by gluten-free diet. In this study, wheat flour was replaced with quinoa flour (QF) in the production of tarhana...
April 2017: Journal of Texture Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351482/fermi-pasta-ulam-auto-recurrence-in-the-description-of-the-electrical-activity-of-the-heart
#13
M A Novopashin, A V Shmid, A A Berezin
The authors proposed and mathematically described model of a new type of the Fermi-Pasta-Ulam recurrence (the FPU auto recurrence) and hypothesized an adequate description of the heart's electrical dynamics within the observed phenomenon. The dynamics of the FPU auto recurrence making appropriate electrical dynamics of the normal functioning of the heart in the form of an electrocardiogram (ECG) was obtained by a computer model study. The model solutions in the form of the FPU auto recurrence - ECG Fourier spectrum were evaluated for resistance to external disturbances in the form of random effects, as well as periodic perturbation at a frequency close to the heart beating rate of about 1Hz...
April 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347138/identification-of-early-represented-gluten-proteins-during-durum-wheat-grain-development
#14
Maria Fiorella Mazzeo, Luigia Di Stasio, Chiara D'Ambrosio, Simona Arena, Andrea Scaloni, Simona Corneti, Aldo Ceriotti, Roberto Tuberosa, Rosa Anna Siciliano, Gianluca Picariello, Gianfranco Mamone
The time course of biosynthesis and accumulation of storage proteins in developing grains of durum wheat (Triticum turgidum ssp. durum (Desf.) Husn.) pasta-quality reference cv. Svevo was investigated at the protein level for the first time. Seeds were harvested at key kernel developmental stages, namely, 3 (seed increase 3-fold in size), 5 (kernel development, water-ripe stage), 11 (kernel development, water-ripe stage), 16 (kernel full development, water-ripe stage), 21 (milk-ripe stage), and 30 (dough stage) days postanthesis (dpa)...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343194/lipid-metabolism-and-feeding-habits-of-indigenous-peoples-of-the-sakha-republic-yakutia-in-today-s-socio-economic-development
#15
Vadim G Krivoshapkin, Anna I Sivtseva, Elena N Sivtseva, Svetlana S Maximova, Leonid F Timofeev, Aytalina S Golderova
INTRODUCTION: By results of a single-step epidemiological research indicators of a lipid range at 355 Evenks of the Olenyoksky District of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) are estimated. The aim of this research was assessment of lipid exchange and character of a delivery of Evenks of the item of Zhilinda. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 355 evenks aged over 20 years (170 men, women-185). Total cholesterol (OCHS), cholesterol (low-density lipoproteins (LDL-CHOLESTEROL), highdensity lipoprotein cholesterol ((XC-LVNP), triglycerides (TG), the calculated coefficient of haemoglobin (Ka)...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340360/the-influence-of-carbohydrate-consumption-on-glycemic-control-in-pregnant-women-with-type-1-diabetes
#16
Björg Ásbjörnsdóttir, Cecelia E Akueson, Helle Ronneby, Ane Rytter, Jens R Andersen, Peter Damm, Elisabeth R Mathiesen
AIMS: To study the influence of the quantity and the quality of carbohydrate consumption on glycemic control in early pregnancy among women with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: A retrospective study of 107 women with type 1 diabetes who completed 1-3days of diet recording before first antenatal visit, as a part of routine care. The total daily carbohydrate consumption from the major sources (e.g. bread, potatoes, rice, pasta, dairy products, fruits, candy) was calculated...
December 23, 2016: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336467/an-evaluation-of-portion-size-estimation-aids-consumer-perspectives-on-their-effectiveness
#17
Gemma P Faulkner, M Barbara E Livingstone, L Kirsty Pourshahidi, Michelle Spence, Moira Dean, Sinead O'Brien, Eileen R Gibney, Julie M W Wallace, Tracy A McCaffrey, Maeve A Kerr
OBJECTIVE: This qualitative study aimed to investigate consumer opinions on the usefulness of portion size estimation aids (PSEA); consumer preferences in terms of format and context for use; and the level of detail of guidance considered necessary for the effective application of PSEA. DESIGN: Six focus groups (three to eight participants per group) were conducted to elicit views on PSEA. The discussions were recorded, transcribed verbatim and analysed by two independent researchers using a template approach...
March 20, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336169/-evaluation-of-school-menu-food-balance-in-the-autonomous-community-of-valencia-spain-by-means-of-a-questionnaire
#18
Cristóbal Llorens-Ivorra, Ilona Arroyo-Bañuls, Joan Quiles-Izquierdo, Miguel Richart-Martínez
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate school menu food balance in the Autonomous Community of Valencia (Spain) by means of a questionnaire. METHOD: Observational cross-section study. For convenience it shows of 255 monthly school menus (20 days each). INDEPENDENT VARIABLES: size of the city the school is in, province, location (coast vs. inland), ownership (public vs. private), design of the menu (company vs. school) and month (May vs. October). The 17-item EQ-MEs questionnaire was used as a tool to measure balance...
March 20, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330720/attenuation-of-uvr-induced-vitamin-d3-synthesis-in-a-mouse-model-deleted-for-keratinocyte-lathosterol-5-desaturase
#19
Anastasia M Makarova, Saloni Pasta, Gordon Watson, Cedric Shackleton, Ervin H Epstein
The lower risk of some internal cancers at lower latitudes has been linked to greater sun exposure and consequent higher levels of ultraviolet radiation (UVR)-produced vitamin D3 (D3). To separate the experimental effects of sunlight and of all forms of D3, a mouse in which UVR does not produce D3 would be useful. To this end we have generated mice carrying a modified allele of sterol C5-desaturase (Sc5d), the gene encoding the enzyme that converts lathosterol to 7-dehydrocholesterol (7-DHC), such that Sc5d expression can be inactivated using the Cre/lox site-specific recombination system...
March 19, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324670/relationship-of-antibiotic-treatment-to-recovery-after-acute-fev1-decline-in-children-with-cystic-fibrosis
#20
Wayne J Morgan, Jeffrey S Wagener, David J Pasta, Stefanie J Millar, Donald R VanDevanter, Michael W Konstan
RATIONALE: Children with cystic fibrosis often suffer acute declines in lung function. We previously showed that such declines are not always treated with antibiotics, but did not assess whether treatment improves the likelihood of recovery. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether new antibiotic treatment was associated with recovery from acute FEV1 decline. METHODS: We studied episodes of FEV1 decline (≥10% from baseline) from the Epidemiologic Study of Cystic Fibrosis...
March 21, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
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