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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801145/body-image-dissatisfaction-and-dietary-patterns-according-to-nutritional-status-in-adolescents
#1
Rita de Cássia Ribeiro-Silva, Rosemeire Leovigildo Fiaccone, Maria Ester Pereira da Conceição-Machado, Ana Santos Ruiz, Maurício Lima Barreto, Mônica Leila Portela Santana
OBJECTIVE: There is a lack of data on the association between body self-perception and eating patterns in Brazil. Thus, this study aimed to explore the relationship between body image dissatisfaction (BID) and eating patterns by the anthropometric status in adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 1496 adolescents was conducted. The participants completed the Body Shape Questionnaire. Demographic, anthropometric, and socioeconomic data were collected, as well as information regarding the pubertal development and dietary intake...
August 8, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800897/special-issue-on-frontier-biomechanical-challenges-in-cardiovascular-physiopathology
#2
EDITORIAL
Salvatore Pasta, Massimiliano Zingales
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799783/gluten-free-foods-in-rural-maritime-provinces-limited-availability-high-price-and-low-iron-content
#3
Jennifer A Jamieson, Laura Gougeon
We investigated the price difference between gluten-free (GF) and gluten-containing (GC) foods available in rural Maritime stores. GF foods and comparable GC items were sampled through random visits to 21 grocery stores in nonurban areas of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island, Canada. Wilcoxon rank tests were conducted on price per 100 g of product, and on the price relative to iron content; 2226 GF foods (27.2% staple items, defined as breads, cereals, flours, and pastas) and 1625 GC foods were sampled, with an average ± SD of 66 ± 2...
August 11, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796286/effect-of-ingredients-on-the-quality-of-gluten-free-sorghum-pasta
#4
Pablo Martín Palavecino, Mariela Cecilia Bustos, María Belén Heinzmann Alabí, Melani Solange Nicolazzi, María Cecilia Penci, Pablo Daniel Ribotta
Sorghum is an underutilized cereal in human food production, despite its flour being a potential gluten-free (GF) source in the development of several foods. Thus, the aim of the present investigation was to evaluate the effects and interactions of different ingredients on cooking quality and texture of GF pasta. Egg albumen (A), egg powder (E), xanthan gum (X), and pregelatinized corn starch (P) were used as ingredients, and Box-Behnken experimental design was applied to study the effects of these ingredients on pasta cooking behavior, color, and texture attributes...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791630/survey-of-moniliformin-in-wheat-and-corn-based-products-using-a-straightforward-analytical-method
#5
Marta Herrera, Ruud van Dam, Martien Spanjer, Joyce de Stoppelaar, Hans Mol, Monique de Nijs, Patricia López
A straightforward analytical method was developed and validated to determine the mycotoxin moniliformin in cereal-based foods. Moniliformin is extracted with water and quantified with liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry, and its presence confirmed with liquid chromatography-Orbitrap-high-resolution mass spectrometry. The method was validated for flour, bread, pasta and maize samples in terms of linearity, matrix effect, recovery, repeatability and limit of quantification. Quantification was conducted by matrix-matched calibration...
August 8, 2017: Mycotoxin Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780767/ageing-successfully-with-haemophilia-a-multidisciplinary-programme
#6
E Boccalandro, M E Mancuso, S Riva, D M Pisaniello, F Ronchetti, E Santagostino, F Peyvandi, L P Solimeno, P M Mannucci, G Pasta
INTRODUCTION: Persons with haemophilia (PWH) born before the middle 1970s have spent a substantial part of their lives without the benefits of replacement therapy, that became available on a relative large scale only during the 1970s. As a consequence, this group of PWH, although still relatively young, suffers from musculoskeletal and functional problems that are typical of old people. METHODS: We report herewith the short-term results of a project based upon a multidisciplinary training programme led by a physiotherapist and an occupational therapist, that was implemented over a period of 12 months in 40 patients with severe or moderate hemophilia A or B born before the middle 1970s and regularly followed-up at a comprehensive haemophilia treatment centre in Italy...
August 6, 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774832/widespread-neural-oscillations-in-the-delta-band-dissociate-rule-convergence-from-rule-divergence-during-creative-idea-generation
#7
Nathalie Boot, Matthijs Baas, Elisabeth Mühlfeld, Carsten K W de Dreu, Simon van Gaal
Critical to creative cognition and performance is both the generation of multiple alternative solutions in response to open-ended problems (divergent thinking) and a series of cognitive operations that converges on the correct or best possible answer (convergent thinking). Although the neural underpinnings of divergent and convergent thinking are still poorly understood, several electroencephalography (EEG) studies point to differences in alpha-band oscillations between these thinking modes. We reason that, because most previous studies employed typical block designs, these pioneering findings may mainly reflect the more sustained aspects of creative processes that extend over longer time periods, and that still much is unknown about the faster-acting neural mechanisms that dissociate divergent from convergent thinking during idea generation...
July 31, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771262/commercially-available-gluten-free-pastas-elevate-postprandial-glycemia-in-comparison-to-conventional-wheat-pasta-in-healthy-adults-a-double-blind-randomized-crossover-trial
#8
C S Johnston, D Snyder, C Smith
Given the popularity of gluten-free diets, research regarding the health implications of gluten-free (GF) products is necessary. This study compared the postprandial glycemic responses to three GF pastas commonly available in the U.S. market to that of wheat pasta in healthy adults. Thirteen healthy non-smoking men and women from a university campus population were enrolled in this randomized 4 × 4 block crossover study and completed all four treatments. Participants followed a standardized diet and activity protocol the day prior to testing, and one week separated testing periods...
August 3, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758960/ultrasound-for-early-detection-of-joint-disease-in-patients-with-hemophilic-arthropathy
#9
REVIEW
Matteo Nicola Dario Di Minno, Gianluigi Pasta, Sonia Airaldi, Federico Zaottini, Antonio Storino, Ernesto Cimino, Carlo Martinoli
Joint bleeding represents the most commonly reported type of hemorrhage in patients affected by hemophilia. Although the widespread use of prophylaxis has been able to significantly reduce the onset of arthropathy, it has been shown that a non-negligible percentage of patients develop degenerative changes in their joints despite this type of treatment. Thus, periodic monitoring of the joint status in hemophilia patients has been recommended to identify early arthropathic changes and prevent the development or progression of hemophilic arthropathy...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747862/food-consumption-nutrient-intake-and-dietary-patterns-in-ghanaian-migrants-in-europe-and-their-compatriots-in-ghana
#10
Cecilia Galbete, Mary Nicolaou, Karlijn A Meeks, Ama de-Graft Aikins, Juliet Addo, Stephen K Amoah, Liam Smeeth, Ellis Owusu-Dabo, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch, Silver Bahendeka, Charles Agyemang, Frank P Mockenhaupt, Erik J Beune, Karien Stronks, Matthias B Schulze, Ina Danquah
Background: West African immigrants in Europe are disproportionally affected by metabolic conditions compared to European host populations. Nutrition transition through urbanisation and migration may contribute to this observations, but remains to be characterised. Objective: We aimed to describe the dietary behaviour and its socio-demographic factors among Ghanaian migrants in Europe and their compatriots living different Ghanaian settings. Methods: The multi-centre, cross-sectional RODAM (Research on Obesity and Diabetes among African Migrants) study was conducted among Ghanaian adults in rural and urban Ghana, and Europe...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734616/do-shoot-the-messenger-pasta-kinases-as-virulence-determinants-and-antibiotic-targets
#11
REVIEW
Daniel A Pensinger, Adam J Schaenzer, John-Demian Sauer
All domains of life utilize protein phosphorylation as a mechanism of signal transduction. In bacteria, protein phosphorylation was classically thought to be mediated exclusively by histidine kinases as part of two-component signaling systems. However, it is now well appreciated that eukaryotic-like serine/threonine kinases (eSTKs) control essential processes in bacteria. A subset of eSTKs are single-pass transmembrane proteins that have extracellular penicillin-binding-protein and serine/threonine kinase-associated (PASTA) domains which bind muropeptides...
July 19, 2017: Trends in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733151/chewing-gum-decreases-energy-intake-at-lunch-following-a-controlled-breakfast
#12
Kathleen J Melanson, Daniel L Kresge
The impact of chewing gum on fasting appetite or meal intake has not been studied. We tested the hypothesis that chewing gum would decrease lunch intake after a controlled breakfast, and reduce hunger in fasting and fed states. Seventeen males and sixteen females (21.4 ± 6.3y, BMI 23.8 ± 2.7 kg/m(2)) participated in a randomized crossover study in which subjects chewed sugar-free gum a total of 1 h on the test day (GC), and did not chew gum on a control day (NG). The 1 h of gum chewing included 20 min while fasting, and two 20-min sessions between breakfast and lunch...
July 18, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732922/the-quality-of-functional-whole-meal-durum-wheat-spaghetti-as-affected-by-inulin-polymerization-degree
#13
Lucia Padalino, Cristina Costa, Amalia Conte, Maria Grazia Melilli, Carla Sillitti, Rosaria Bognanni, Salvatore Antonino Raccuia, Matteo Alessandro Del Nobile
The use of inulin in pasta improves the nutritional value decreasing the glycemic index in the blood after pasta ingestion but it compromises the sensory characteristics in terms of elasticity, firmness, bulkiness and adhesiveness. Thus, in this work, the impact of substituting whole-meal durum wheat flour with inulin on cooking quality, sensory and textural properties, digested starch and chemical composition of spaghetti was investigated. Two types of inulin at two different concentrations (2% and 4%) were adopted: inulin extracted from cardoon roots (CRI) (high polymerization degree) and commercial inulin (CHI) (low polymerization degree) produced from chicory...
October 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731641/macronutrient-content-and-food-exchanges-for-48-greek-mediterranean-dishes
#14
Paraskevi Detopoulou, Maria Aggeli, Elena Andrioti, Maria Detopoulou
AIM: The purpose of the present study was to facilitate the translation of traditional Greek Mediterranean recipes into food exchanges for diabetes. Moreover, it provides a useful food list for meal planning, which can be used by health professionals and nutritionists, as well as researchers and the public. METHODS: A total of 48 traditional Greek Mediterranean dishes were selected in order to include appetisers, sauces, salads, pies, dishes with vegetables and legumes as well as egg, pasta, rice, meat, fish and poultry-based dishes...
April 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724186/inositol-hexaphosphate-insp6-as-an-effective-topical-treatment-for-patients-receiving-adjuvant-chemotherapy-after-breast-surgery
#15
S Proietti, V Pasta, A Cucina, C Aragona, E Palombi, I Vucenik, M Bizzarri
OBJECTIVE: Oral treatment with inositol hexaphosphate (InsP6) has shown to be efficient in decreasing adverse effects in patients with breast cancer under chemotherapy. This study was aimed at evaluating and comparing the efficacy of topical InsP6 in improving quality of life in women treated with anticancer drugs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study was a double-blind, randomized controlled trial (RCT) with allocation concealment of 20 patients in two groups, one (experimental) applied 4% topical formulation of InsP6 once a day, whereas the second one (control) a gel containing hyaluronic acid...
June 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714091/habitual-diet-and-diet-quality-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-a%C3%A2-case-control-study
#16
E F Tigchelaar, Z Mujagic, A Zhernakova, M A M Hesselink, S Meijboom, C W M Perenboom, A A M Masclee, C Wijmenga, E J M Feskens, D M A E Jonkers
BACKGROUND: Diet is considered to be a key factor in symptom generation in Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and patients tend to exclude food products from their diet in pursue of symptom relief, which may impair diet quality. METHODS: We evaluated habitual dietary intake in IBS patients with regard to nutrients and food products using an extensive food frequency questionnaire. One hundred ninety-four IBS patients were compared to 186 healthy controls using multiple logistic regression analysis...
July 17, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709930/particle-image-velocimetry-study-of-the-celiac-trunk-hemodynamic-induced-by-continuous-flow-left-ventricular-assist-device
#17
Francesco Scardulla, Diego Bellavia, Leonardo D'Acquisto, Giuseppe M Raffa, Salvatore Pasta
Whereas left ventricular assist device (LVAD) is the gold-standard therapy for patients with heart failure, gastrointestinal bleeding is one of the most common complications. LVAD implantation may remarkably impact aortic hemodynamics so that experimental and computational flow analyses can be used to study the disease mechanisms. Here we present an experimentally-calibrated computational model of the celiac trunk hemodynamic of a LVAD-supported patient who experienced bleeding after device implantation. Specifically, both particle image velocimetry (PIV) and echocardiography were used to measure and compare flow distributions in each branch of a phantom model of the patient abdominal aorta...
July 12, 2017: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709315/heat-perturbation-spreading-in-the-fermi-pasta-ulam-%C3%AE-system-with-next-nearest-neighbor-coupling-competition-between-phonon-dispersion-and-nonlinearity
#18
Daxing Xiong
We employ the heat perturbation correlation function to study thermal transport in the one-dimensional Fermi-Pasta-Ulam-β lattice with both nearest-neighbor and next-nearest-neighbor couplings. We find that such a system bears a peculiar phonon dispersion relation, and thus there exists a competition between phonon dispersion and nonlinearity that can strongly affect the heat correlation function's shape and scaling property. Specifically, for small and large anharmoncities, the scaling laws are ballistic and superdiffusive types, respectively, which are in good agreement with the recent theoretical predictions; whereas in the intermediate range of the nonlinearity, we observe an unusual multiscaling property characterized by a nonmonotonic delocalization process of the central peak of the heat correlation function...
June 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709247/intermittent-many-body-dynamics-at-equilibrium
#19
C Danieli, D K Campbell, S Flach
The equilibrium value of an observable defines a manifold in the phase space of an ergodic and equipartitioned many-body system. A typical trajectory pierces that manifold infinitely often as time goes to infinity. We use these piercings to measure both the relaxation time of the lowest frequency eigenmode of the Fermi-Pasta-Ulam chain, as well as the fluctuations of the subsequent dynamics in equilibrium. The dynamics in equilibrium is characterized by a power-law distribution of excursion times far off equilibrium, with diverging variance...
June 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707281/towards-a-comprehensive-conceptual-framework-of-active-travel-behavior-a-review-and-synthesis-of-published-frameworks
#20
REVIEW
Thomas Götschi, Audrey de Nazelle, Christian Brand, Regine Gerike
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This paper reviews the use of conceptual frameworks in research on active travel, such as walking and cycling. Generic framework features and a wide range of contents are identified and synthesized into a comprehensive framework of active travel behavior, as part of the Physical Activity through Sustainable Transport Approaches project (PASTA). PASTA is a European multinational, interdisciplinary research project on active travel and health. RECENT FINDINGS: Along with an exponential growth in active travel research, a growing number of conceptual frameworks has been published since the early 2000s...
July 13, 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
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