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Nadya H Alves-Santos, Paula G Cocate, Ilana Eshriqui, Camila Benaim, Érica G Barros, Pauline M Emmett, Gilberto Kac
The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of dietary patterns (DP) with maternal adiposity indicators, leptin, adiponectin and insulin concentrations during pregnancy. A prospective cohort of pregnant women followed up at the 5th-13th, 20th -26th and 30th-36th gestational weeks and 30-40 d postpartum was conducted in Rio de Janeiro. A FFQ was administered in the third trimester (30th-36th gestational weeks). The reduced rank regression procedure was used to identify DP that explain response variables (dietary fibre and total fat) related to indicators of maternal adiposity (postpartum weight retention and gestational weight gain (GWG) adequacy), and plasma leptin, adiponectin and insulin concentrations...
January 18, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Natalie Mueller, David Rojas-Rueda, Maëlle Salmon, David Martinez, Albert Ambros, Christian Brand, Audrey de Nazelle, Evi Dons, Mailin Gaupp-Berghausen, Regine Gerike, Thomas Götschi, Francesco Iacorossi, Luc Int Panis, Sonja Kahlmeier, Elisabeth Raser, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen
We conducted a health impact assessment (HIA) of cycling network expansions in seven European cities. We modeled the association between cycling network length and cycling mode share and estimated health impacts of the expansion of cycling networks. First, we performed a non-linear least square regression to assess the relationship between cycling network length and cycling mode share for 167 European cities. Second, we conducted a quantitative HIA for the seven cities of different scenarios (S) assessing how an expansion of the cycling network [i...
January 9, 2018: Preventive Medicine
Michael W Konstan, Donald R VanDevanter, Gregory S Sawicki, David J Pasta, Aimee J Foreman, Evgueni A Neiman, Wayne J Morgan
RATIONALE: Cystic fibrosis (CF) deaths result primarily from lung function loss, so chronic respiratory therapies intended to preserve lung function are cornerstones of CF care. Although treatment-associated reduction in rate of lung function loss should ultimately improve CF survival, no such relationship has been described for any chronic CF therapy. In part, this is because the ages of most rapid lung function decline -- early adolescence -- precede the median age of CF deaths by more than a decade...
January 9, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
Otmar Zoller, Peter Rhyn, Heinz Rupp, Jürg A Zarn, Christoph Geiser
A total of 243 samples of divers foodstuffs were analysed for glyphosate and AMPA using an LC/MS/MS method with a relatively low LOQ in the range of 0.0005 to 0.0025 mg kg-1. Main contributors for dietary glyphosate and AMPA intake were cereals and pulses. The results suggest that pasta is a very important foodstuff for dietary glyphosate residue intake in Switzerland. Interestingly all samples of wine, fruit juice and nearly all samples of honey tested positive for glyphosate although at very low levels. A dietary risk assessment was conducted...
December 28, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part B, Surveillance
Mohammed Saleh, Youngseung Lee, Hayat Obeidat
The effects of substituting wheat flour using fractions of blanched or non-blanched sweet potato flour on produced pasta functional characteristics were investigated. The use of sweet potato flour to replace fractions of wheat flour, regardless of blanching treatment, resulted in significant (P<0.05) increase in water holding capacity (WHC), cooked pasta water uptake and solid leaching out and freeze-thaw stability of produced pasta. For instance, treatment containing 40% of non-blanched sweet potato flour and held at 55°C resulted in 27 percentage point increase in WHC compared to the control...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Texture Studies
Luca Piemontese, Maria Cristina Messia, Emanuele Marconi, Luisa Falasca, Rosanna Zivoli, Lucia Gambacorta, Giancarlo Perrone, Michele Solfrizzo
Deoxynivalenol (DON) is an important mycotoxin produced by several species of Fusarium. It occurs often in wheat grain and is frequently associated with significant levels of its modified form DON-3-glucoside (DON-3-Glc). Ozone (O3) is a powerful disinfectant and oxidant, classified as GRAS (Generally Recognised As Safe), that reacts easily with specific compounds including the mycotoxins aflatoxins, ochratoxin A, trichothecenes and zearalenone. It degrades DON in aqueous solution and can be effective for decontamination of grain...
December 26, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
Susan Persky, Megan R Goldring, Sara A Turner, Rachel W Cohen, William D Kistler
Assessment of parents' child feeding behavior is challenging, and there is need for additional methodological approaches. Virtual reality technology allows for the creation of behavioral measures, and its implementation overcomes several limitations of existing methods. This report evaluates the validity and usability of the Virtual Reality (VR) Buffet among a sample of 52 parents of children aged 3-7. Participants served a meal of pasta and apple juice in both a virtual setting and real-world setting (counterbalanced and separated by a distractor task)...
December 22, 2017: Appetite
Daniela Martini, Antonella Brusamolino, Cristian Del Bo', Monica Laureati, Marisa Porrini, Patrizia Riso
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 21, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
Andreia Nunes Oliveira Jardim, Alessandra Page Brito, Gerda van Donkersgoed, Polly E Boon, Eloisa Dutra Caldas
Cumulative acute dietary risk assessments of organophosphorus (OPs), carbamates (CBs) and pyrethroids (PYs) were conducted for the Brazilian population. Residue data for 30786 samples of 30 foods were obtained from two national monitoring programs and one University laboratory, and consumption data from a national survey conducted among persons 10 years or older. Acephate and methamidophos were used as index compounds (IC) for OPs, oxamyl for CBs and deltamethrin for PYs. Exposures were estimated using the Monte Carlo Risk Assessment (MCRA 8...
December 20, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Jaime Ruiz-Tovar, Maryana Bozhychko, Jone Miren Del-Campo, Evangelina Boix, Lorea Zubiaga, Jose Luis Muñoz, Carolina Llavero
PURPOSE: Dietary intake and food preferences change after bariatric surgery, secondary to gastrointestinal symptoms and dietitian counseling. The aim of this study was to evaluate the changes in the frequency intake of different foods in patients undergoing sleeve gastrectomy and following a strict dietary control. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective observational study of all the morbidly obese patients undergoing laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy as bariatric procedure between 2007 and 2012 was performed...
December 17, 2017: Obesity Surgery
Biljana Gigic, Heiner Boeing, Reka Toth, Jürgen Böhm, Nina Habermann, Dominique Scherer, Petra Schrotz-King, Clare Abbenhardt-Martin, Stephanie Skender, Hermann Brenner, Jenny Chang-Claude, Michael Hoffmeister, Karen Syrjala, Paul B Jacobsen, Martin Schneider, Alexis Ulrich, Cornelia M Ulrich
Quality of life (QoL) is an important clinical outcome in cancer patients. We investigated associations between dietary patterns and QoL changes in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. The study included 192 CRC patients with available EORTC QLQ-C30 data before and 12 months post-surgery and food frequency questionnaire data at 12 months post-surgery. Principal component analysis was used to identify dietary patterns. Multivariate regression models assessed associations between dietary patterns and QoL changes over time...
January 2018: Nutrition and Cancer
Karin Söderqvist
As part of a trend toward healthy convenience foods, ready-to-eat (RTE) mixed-ingredient salads have become popular products among consumers. A mixed-ingredient salad contains combinations of raw (e.g. leafy vegetables and tomatoes) and processed (e.g. chicken, salmon, ham, pasta and couscous) ingredients. Contamination of leafy vegetables can occur during any step in the production chain and, since there is no step that kills pathogens, a completely safe final product can never be guaranteed. Meat ingredients, for example poultry meat and ham, are generally heat-treated before preparation, but may be contaminated after this treatment, e...
2017: Infection Ecology & Epidemiology
Milena Veronezi Silva, Giseli Cristina Pante, Jéssica Cristina Zoratto Romoli, Alexandra Perdigão Maia de Souza, Gustavo Henrique Oliveira da Rocha, Flavio Dias Ferreira, Adriane Lettnin Roll Feijó, Salesia Maria Prodócimo Moscardi, Karina Ruaro de Paula, Erika Bando, Samuel Botião Nerilo, Miguel Machinski
Deoxynivalenol (DON) is the most important of the trichothecenes in terms of amounts and occurrence in wheat. This compound was show to be associated with a glomerulonephropathy involving an increase of immunoglobulin A in humans. This study assessed the occurrence of DON in wheat flour and the exposure of Brazilian teenagers, adults and elderly to this mycotoxin due to intake of wheat flour-based products. DON extraction in wheat flour was carried out by solid phase extraction and the quantification was performed by ultra-high proficiency liquid chromatography with diode-array detection...
December 6, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
P Laganà, S Delia, G Dattilo, C Mondello, E Ventura Spagnolo
Infective Endocarditis (IE) has high morbidity and mortality. To date, in addition to classic Gram-positive pathogens were isolated exigent Gram negative bacteria responsible of endocarditis as A. baumannii, A. lwoffii, C. burnetii, Bartonella, Chlamydia and Legionella. We report our experience about the isolation of Salmonella enterica phagetype 35 (PT35) from blood heart cavity of a 74-year-old woman after having consumed a portion of baked pasta bought in a rotisserie. Cardiovascular infections due to Salmonella enterica are infrequently reported, so their clinical features, prognosis, and optimal treatment are not completely known...
November 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
Kathryn E Bradbury, Tammy Y N Tong, Timothy J Key
Vegetarian diets are defined by the absence of meat and fish, but differences in the intake of other foods between meat-eaters and low or non-meat eaters are also important to document. We examined intakes of high-protein foods (meat, poultry, fish, legumes, nuts, vegetarian protein alternatives, dairy products, and eggs) and other major food groups (fruit, vegetables, bread, pasta, rice, snack foods, and beverages) in regular meat-eaters, low meat-eaters, poultry-eaters, fish-eaters, vegetarians, and vegans of white ethnicity participating in UK Biobank who had completed at least one web-based 24-h dietary assessment (n = 199,944)...
December 2, 2017: Nutrients
Laure Zucchini, Chryslène Mercy, Pierre Simon Garcia, Caroline Cluzel, Virginie Gueguen-Chaignon, Frédéric Galisson, Céline Freton, Sébastien Guiral, Céline Brochier-Armanet, Patrice Gouet, Christophe Grangeasse
Eukaryotic-like serine/threonine kinases (eSTKs) with extracellular PASTA repeats are key membrane regulators of bacterial cell division. How PASTA repeats govern eSTK activation and function remains elusive. Using evolution- and structural-guided approaches combined with cell imaging, we disentangle the role of each PASTA repeat of the eSTK StkP from Streptococcus pneumoniae. While the three membrane-proximal PASTA repeats behave as interchangeable modules required for the activation of StkP independently of cell wall binding, they also control the septal cell wall thickness...
December 4, 2017: Nature Microbiology
Fei Au-Yeung, Elena Jovanovski, Alexandra L Jenkins, Andreea Zurbau, Hoang V T Ho, Vladimir Vuksan
Konjac glucomannan (KGM) is a viscous dietary fibre that can form a solid, low-energy gel when hydrated and is commonly consumed in a noodle form (KGM-gel). Increased meal viscosity from gel-forming fibres have been associated with prolonged satiety, but no studies to date have evaluated this effect with KGM-gel. Thus, our objective was to evaluate subsequent food intake and satiety of KGM-gel noodles when replacing a high-carbohydrate preload, in a dose-response manner. Utilising a randomised, controlled, cross-over design, sixteen healthy individuals (twelve females/four males; age: 26·0 (sd 11·8) years; BMI: 23·1 (sd 3·2) kg/m2) received 325 ml volume-matched preloads of three KGM-gel noodle substitution levels: (i) all pasta with no KGM-gel (1849 kJ (442 kcal), control), half pasta and half KGM-gel (1084 kJ (259 kcal), 50-KGM) or no pasta and all KGM-gel (322 kJ (77 kcal), 100-KGM)...
December 5, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
G Mandilara, C M Vassalos, A Chrisostomou, K Karadimas, E Mathioudaki, T Georgakopoulou, S Tsiodras, K Mellou
In June 2016, a Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis outbreak (n = 56) occurred after a christening reception in Central Greece, mainly affecting previously healthy adults; one related death caused media attention. Patients suffered from profuse diarrhoea, fever and frequent vomiting episodes requiring prolonged hospitalisation and sick leave from work, with a 54% hospital admission rate. The majority of cases experienced serious illness within <12 h of attending the party. We investigated the outbreak to identify the source(s) of infection and contributing factors to the disease severity...
December 4, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
Rosanna De Paula, Iwona Rabalski, Maria Cristina Messia, El-Sayed M Abdel-Aal, Emanuele Marconi
Phenolic acids, total phenolics content and DPPH radical scavenging capacity in raw ingredients, fresh and dried spaghetti, and in uncooked and cooked spaghetti were evaluated and compared with semolina spaghetti as a reference. Ferulic acid was the major phenolic acid found in the free and bound phenolic extracts in all the investigated pasta samples. The addition of barley flour into pasta at incorporation levels of 30, 50 and 100% increased phenolic acids and total phenolics content. Pasta processing did not significantly affect the total phenolics content and free radical scavenging capacity, but a significant reduction in total phenolic acids measured by HPLC was found...
December 2017: Food Research International
Luigi Piero Solimeno, Gianluigi Pasta
Today, major surgical procedures can be safely performed in hemophilic patients with chronic arthropathy, using available factor concentrates. In this setting, total knee replacement is considered the "gold standard", while the use of total ankle replacement is still debated. Indeed, the unsatisfactory results obtained with the previous available design of implants did not raise enthusiasm as knee or hip replacement. Recently, the introduction of new implant designs and better reported outcomes have renewed the interest in total ankle replacement in people with hemophilia...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine
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