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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107445/beta-glucans-supplementation-associates-with-reduction-in-p-cresyl-sulfate-levels-and-improved-endothelial-vascular-reactivity-in-healthy-individuals
#1
Carmela Cosola, Maria De Angelis, Maria Teresa Rocchetti, Eustacchio Montemurno, Valentina Maranzano, Giuseppe Dalfino, Carlo Manno, Annapaola Zito, Michele Gesualdo, Marco Matteo Ciccone, Marco Gobbetti, Loreto Gesualdo
BACKGROUND: Oat and barley beta-glucans are prebiotic fibers known for their cholesterol-lowering activity, but their action on the human gut microbiota metabolism is still under research. Although the induction of short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) following their ingestion has previously been reported, no study has investigated their effects on proteolytic uremic toxins p-cresyl sulfate (pCS) and indoxyl sulfate (IS) levels, while others have failed to demonstrate an effect on the endothelial function measured through flow-mediated dilation (FMD)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106791/dietary-patterns-in-relation-to-cardiovascular-disease-incidence-and-risk-markers-in-a-middle-aged-british-male-population-data-from-the-caerphilly-prospective-study
#2
Elly Mertens, Oonagh Markey, Johanna M Geleijnse, David Ian Givens, Julie A Lovegrove
Dietary behaviour is an important modifiable factor in cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention. The study aimed to identify dietary patterns (DPs) and explore their association with CVD incidence and risk markers. A follow-up of 1838 middle-aged men, aged 47-67 years recruited into the Caerphilly Prospective Cohort Study at phase 2 (1984-1988) was undertaken. Principal component analysis identified three DPs at baseline, which explained 24.8% of the total variance of food intake. DP1, characterised by higher intakes of white bread, butter, lard, chips and sugar-sweetened beverages and lower intake of wholegrain bread, was associated with higher CVD (HR 1...
January 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098497/magnetic-resonance-arthrography-results-that-indicate-surgical-treatment-for-partial-articular-sided-supraspinatus-tendon-avulsion-a-retrospective-study-in-a-tertiary-center
#3
Seok Hahn, Young Han Lee, Yong-Min Chun, Eun Hae Park, Jin-Suck Suh
Background Specific findings on magnetic resonance arthrography (MRA) that indicate the need for surgery in patients with partial articular-sided supraspinatus tendon avulsion (PASTA) are not well understood. Purpose To determine which MRA findings are characteristic of patients who undergo surgery for PASTA. Material and Methods From July 2011 to February 2014, MRA findings for patients treated for PASTA were retrospectively reviewed. The patients were divided into two groups: conservative treatment and surgical repair...
January 1, 2017: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092991/reproducibility-and-relative-validity-of-food-group-intake-in-a-food-frequency-questionnaire-developed-for-nepalese-diet
#4
Archana Shrestha, Rajendra Prasad Koju, Shirley A A Beresford, Kwun Chuen Gary Chan, Frederik A Connell, Biraj Man Karmacharya, Pramita Shrestha, Annette L Fitzpatrick
We developed a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) designed to measure the dietary practices of adult Nepalese. The present study examined the validity and reproducibility of the FFQ. To evaluate the reproducibility of the FFQ, 116 subjects completed two 115-item FFQ across a four-month interval. Six 24-h dietary recalls were collected (1 each month) to assess the validity of the FFQ. Seven major food groups and 23 subgroups were clustered from the FFQ based on macronutrient composition. Spearman correlation coefficients evaluating reproducibility for all food groups were greater than 0...
January 16, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068489/legumes-as-functional-ingredients-in-gluten-free-bakery-and-pasta-products
#5
Martina Foschia, Stefan W Horstmann, Elke K Arendt, Emanuele Zannini
The increasing demand of gluten-free food products from consumers has triggered food technologists to investigate a wide range of gluten-free ingredients from different sources to reproduce the unique network structure developed by gluten in a wheat-dough system. In recent times, the attention has been focused on novel application of legume flour or ingredients. The interest in this crop category is mainly attributed to their functional properties, such as solubility and water-binding capacity, which play an important role in gluten-free food formulation and processing...
January 4, 2017: Annual Review of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065633/micronutrient-intake-is-inadequate-for-a-sample-of-pregnant-african-american-women
#6
Susan W Groth, Patricia A Stewart, Deborah J Ossip, Robert C Block, Nellie Wixom, I Diana Fernandez
BACKGROUND: Micronutrient intake is critical for fetal development and positive pregnancy outcomes. Little is known about the adequacy of micronutrient intake in pregnant African-American women. OBJECTIVE: To describe nutrient sufficiency and top food groups contributing to dietary intake of select micronutrients in low-income pregnant African-American women and determine whether micronutrient intake varies with early pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and/or gestational weight gain...
January 5, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054938/evolution-of-gluten-content-in-cereal-based-gluten-free-products-an-overview-from-1998-to-2016
#7
María Ángeles Bustamante, María Pilar Fernández-Gil, Itziar Churruca, Jonatan Miranda, Arrate Lasa, Virginia Navarro, Edurne Simón
The treatment of Celiac disease consists in a strict lifelong gluten-free (GF) diet. As the ingestion of small amounts can have damaging complications, there has been an ongoing discussion regarding the safe threshold for dietary residual gluten. The aim was to analyze the evolution of gluten content in cereal-based GF foodstuffs (n = 3141) from 1998 to 2016 measured by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) technique. Eight categories were defined: flours, breakfast cereals/bars, bakery, pasta, breads, dough, snacks, and yeasts, and these were divided into GF labeled-foods (GF-L) or reportedly GF foodstuffs, but not certified (GF-NC)...
January 3, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040166/dynamics-of-bacterial-communities-during-manufacture-and-ripening-of-traditional-caciocavallo-of-castelfranco-cheese-in-relation-to-cows-feeding
#8
Marina Giello, Antonietta La Storia, Felicia Masucci, Antonio Di Francia, Danilo Ercolini, Francesco Villani
Traditional Caciocavallo of Castelfranco is a semi-hard "pasta-filata" cheese produced from raw cows' milk in Campania region. The aim of the present research is mainly focused on the study, by 16S rRNA gene pyrosequencing and viable counts, of the dynamics of bacterial communities during manufacture and ripening of traditional Caciocavallo cheese. Moreover, the possible correlation between cheese microbiota and cows' feeding based on silage or hay was also evaluated. In general, except for enterococci, the technological process significantly affected all the microbial groups...
May 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025503/associations-of-maternal-dietary-patterns-during-pregnancy-with-offspring-adiposity-from-birth-until-54-months-of-age
#9
Ling-Wei Chen, Izzuddin M Aris, Jonathan Y Bernard, Mya-Thway Tint, Airu Chia, Marjorelee Colega, Peter D Gluckman, Lynette Pei-Chi Shek, Seang-Mei Saw, Yap-Seng Chong, Fabian Yap, Keith M Godfrey, Rob M van Dam, Mary Foong-Fong Chong, Yung Seng Lee
Most studies linking maternal diet with offspring adiposity have focused on single nutrients or foods, but a dietary pattern approach is more representative of the overall diet. We thus aimed to investigate the relations between maternal dietary patterns and offspring adiposity in a multi-ethnic Asian mother-offspring cohort in Singapore. We derived maternal dietary patterns using maternal dietary intake information at 26-28 weeks of gestation, of which associations with offspring body mass index (BMI), abdominal circumference (AC), subscapular skinfold (SS), and triceps skinfold (TS) were assessed using longitudinal data analysis (linear mixed effects (LME)) and multiple linear regression at ages 0, 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 24, 36, 48, and 54 months...
December 22, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011037/assessment-of-safety-and-efficacy-of-long-term-treatment-with-combination-lumacaftor-and-ivacaftor-therapy-in-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis-homozygous-for-the-f508del-cftr-mutation-progress-a-phase-3-extension-study
#10
Michael W Konstan, Edward F McKone, Richard B Moss, Gautham Marigowda, Simon Tian, David Waltz, Xiaohong Huang, Barry Lubarsky, Jaime Rubin, Stefanie J Millar, David J Pasta, Nicole Mayer-Hamblett, Christopher H Goss, Wayne Morgan, Gregory S Sawicki
BACKGROUND: The 24-week safety and efficacy of lumacaftor/ivacaftor combination therapy was shown in two randomised controlled trials (RCTs)-TRAFFIC and TRANSPORT-in patients with cystic fibrosis who were aged 12 years or older and homozygous for the F508del-CFTR mutation. We aimed to assess the long-term safety and efficacy of extended lumacaftor/ivacaftor therapy in this group of patients in PROGRESS, the long-term extension of TRAFFIC and TRANSPORT. METHODS: PROGRESS was a phase 3, parallel-group, multicentre, 96-week study of patients who completed TRAFFIC or TRANSPORT in 191 sites in 15 countries...
December 20, 2016: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003292/eatwell-guide-modelling-the-dietary-and-cost-implications-of-incorporating-new-sugar-and-fibre-guidelines
#11
Peter Scarborough, Asha Kaur, Linda Cobiac, Paul Owens, Alexandr Parlesak, Kate Sweeney, Mike Rayner
OBJECTIVES: To model food group consumption and price of diet associated with achieving UK dietary recommendations while deviating as little as possible from the current UK diet, in order to support the redevelopment of the UK food-based dietary guidelines (now called the Eatwell Guide). DESIGN: Optimisation modelling, minimising an objective function of the difference between population mean modelled and current consumption of 125 food groups, and constraints of nutrient and food-based recommendations...
December 21, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993525/nutritional-wheat-amylase-trypsin-inhibitors-promote-intestinal-inflammation-via-activation-of-myeloid-cells
#12
Victor F Zevallos, Verena Raker, Stefan Tenzer, Carolina Jimenez-Calvente, Muhammad Ashfaq-Khan, Nina Rüssel, Geethanjali Pickert, Hansjörg Schild, Kerstin Steinbrink, Detlef Schuppan
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Wheat amylase-trypsin inhibitors (ATIs) are nutritional activators of innate immunity, via activation of the toll like receptor 4 (TLR4) on myeloid cells. We aimed to characterize the biologic activity of ATIs in various foods and their effect on intestinal inflammation. METHODS: We selected 38 different gluten-containing and gluten-free products, either unprocessed (such as wheat, rye, barley, quinoa, amaranth, soya, lentils, and rice) or processed (such as pizza, pasta, bread, and biscuits)...
December 16, 2016: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992263/leveraging-large-scale-semantic-networks-for-adaptive-robot-task-learning-and-execution
#13
Adrian Boteanu, Aaron St Clair, Anahita Mohseni-Kabir, Carl Saldanha, Sonia Chernova
This work seeks to leverage semantic networks containing millions of entries encoding assertions of commonsense knowledge to enable improvements in robot task execution and learning. The specific application we explore in this project is object substitution in the context of task adaptation. Humans easily adapt their plans to compensate for missing items in day-to-day tasks, substituting a wrap for bread when making a sandwich, or stirring pasta with a fork when out of spoons. Robot plan execution, however, is far less robust, with missing objects typically leading to failure if the robot is not aware of alternatives...
December 2016: Big Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989665/the-cell-wall-precursor-lipid-ii-acts-as-a-molecular-signal-for-the-ser-thr-kinase-pknb-of-staphylococcus-aureus
#14
Patrick Hardt, Ina Engels, Marvin Rausch, Mike Gajdiss, Hannah Ulm, Peter Sass, Knut Ohlsen, Hans-Georg Sahl, Gabriele Bierbaum, Tanja Schneider, Fabian Grein
The assembly of the bacterial cell wall requires synchronization of a multitude of biosynthetic machineries and regulatory networks. The eukaryotic-like serine/threonine kinase PknB has been implicated in coordinating cross-wall formation, autolysis and cell division in Staphylococcus aureus. However, the signal molecule sensed by this kinase remained elusive so far. Here, we provide compelling biochemical evidence that PknB interacts with the ultimate cell wall precursor lipid II, triggering kinase activity...
December 12, 2016: International Journal of Medical Microbiology: IJMM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979203/different-effectiveness-of-two-pastas-supplemented-with-either-lipophilic-or-hydrophilic-phenolic-antioxidants-in-affecting-serum-as-evaluated-by-the-novel-antioxidant-oxidant-balance-approach
#15
Maura N Laus, Mario Soccio, Michela Alfarano, Antonella Pasqualone, Marcello S Lenucci, Giuseppe Di Miceli, Donato Pastore
Effectiveness in improving serum antioxidant status of two functional pastas was evaluated by the novel Antioxidant/Oxidant Balance (AOB) parameter, calculated as Antioxidant Capacity (AC)/Peroxide Level ratio, assessed here for the first time. In particular, Bran Oleoresin (BO) and Bran Water (BW) pastas, enriched respectively with either lipophilic (tocochromanols, carotenoids) or hydrophilic/phenolic antioxidants extracted from durum wheat bran, were studied. Notably, BO pasta was able to improve significantly (+65%) serum AOB during four hours after intake similarly to Lisosan G, a wheat antioxidant-rich dietary supplement...
April 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979185/gluten-free-pasta-incorporating-chia-salvia-hispanica-l-as-thickening-agent-an-approach-to-naturally-improve-the-nutritional-profile-and-the-in-vitro-carbohydrate-digestibility
#16
Valeria Menga, Mariana Amato, Tim D Phillips, Donato Angelino, Federico Morreale, Clara Fares
A gluten-free pasta was prepared adding chia at rice flour for testing the thickening and nutritional properties of this specie. Chemical analysis showed chia is a source of protein (19.52% and 15.81%, seeds and mucilage respectively), insoluble/soluble dietary fiber ratio (4.3 and 1.79 seeds and mucilage respectively), fat and ash content. The total phenolic acids content ranged from 734.5μg/g to 923.9μg/g for seeds and mucilage respectively. Chia was a good thickening agent and, improved the nutritional profile of enriched samples compared to CGF...
April 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976376/italian-and-spanish-commercial-tomato-sauces-for-pasta-dressing-study-of-sensory-and-head-space-profiles-by-flash-profiling-and-spme-gc-ms
#17
Alessandra Bendini, Anna Vallverdu-Queralt, Enrico Valli, Rosa Palagano, Rosa Maria Lamuela-Raventos, Tullia Gallina Toschi
BACKGROUND: The sensory and head-space profiles of Italian and Spanish commercial tomato sauces have been studied. The Flash Profiling method was used to evaluate the sensory characteristics and samples within each set and were ranked according to selected descriptors. A hundred volatile compounds were identified by SPME-GC-MS. RESULTS: For Italian samples, the sensory notes of basil/aromatic herbs, acid and cooked tomato were among the most perceived by assessors, whereas in Spanish ones the sensory attributes of garlic/onion, onion/sweet pepper and, as for the Italian ones, cooked tomato were among the most frequently found...
December 15, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973565/nutritional-profile-and-chemical-stability-of-pasta-fortified-with-tilapia-oreochromis-niloticus-flour
#18
Maria Lúcia G Monteiro, Eliane T Mársico, Manoel S Soares, Amanda O Magalhães, Anna Carolina V C S Canto, Bruno R C Costa-Lima, Thiago S Alvares, Carlos A Conte
Physicochemical parameters of pasta enriched with tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) flour were investigated. Five formulations were prepared with different concentrations of tilapia flour as partial substitute of wheat flour: pasta without tilapia flour (PTF0%), pasta with 6% (PTF6%), 12% (PTF12%), 17% (PTF17%), and 23% (PTF23%) of tilapia flour. The formulations were assessed for proximate composition, fatty acid and amino acid profile on day 1 whereas, instrumental color parameters (L*, a* and b* values), pH, water activity (aw), and lipid and protein oxidation were evaluated on days 1, 7, 14, and 21 of storage at 25°C...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973523/phase-sensitive-otdr-probe-pulse-shapes-robust-against-modulation-instability-fading
#19
Maria R Fernández-Ruiz, Hugo F Martins, Juan Pastor-Graells, Sonia Martin-Lopez, Miguel Gonzalez-Herraez
Typical phase-sensitive optical time-domain reflectometry (ϕOTDR) schemes rely on the use of coherent rectangular-shaped probe pulses. In these systems, there is a trade-off between the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), spatial resolution, and operating range of the ϕOTDR system. To increase any of these parameters, an increase in the pulse peak power is usually indispensable. However, as it is well known, there is a limit in the allowable increase in probe power due to the onset of undesired nonlinear effects such as modulation instability...
December 15, 2016: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927976/metabolic-profiling-reveals-differences-in-plasma-concentrations-of-arabinose-and-xylose-after-consumption-of-fiber-rich-pasta-and-wheat-bread-with-differential-rates-of-systemic-appearance-of-exogenous-glucose-in-healthy-men
#20
Andre J Pantophlet, Suzan Wopereis, Coby Eelderink, Roel J Vonk, Johanna H Stroeve, Sabina Bijlsma, Leo van Stee, Ivana Bobeldijk, Marion G Priebe
BACKGROUND: The consumption of products rich in cereal fiber and with a low glycemic index is implicated in a lower risk of metabolic diseases. Previously, we showed that the consumption of fiber-rich pasta compared with bread resulted in a lower rate of appearance of exogenous glucose and a lower glucose clearance rate quantified with a dual-isotope technique, which was in accordance with a lower insulin and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide response. OBJECTIVE: To gain more insight into the acute metabolic consequences of the consumption of products resulting in differential glucose kinetics, postprandial metabolic profiles were determined...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Nutrition
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