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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635340/from-seed-to-cooked-pasta-influence-of-traditional-and-non-conventional-transformation-processes-on-total-antioxidant-capacity-and-phenolic-acid-content
#1
Daniela Martini, Roberto Ciccoritti, Isabella Nicoletti, Francesca Nocente, Danilo Corradini, Maria Grazia D'Egidio, Federica Taddei
The aim of this work was to compare the traditional with a non-conventional (i.e. kernel micronisation) durum wheat milling process by monitoring the content of bound, conjugated and free phenolic acids (PAs) and the level of the total antioxidant capacity (TAC) occurring in the durum wheat pasta production chain, from seed to cooked pasta. The traditional transformation processes negatively influenced TAC and PA content (40% and 89% decrease from seed to cooked pasta, respectively), mainly during the milling process (25% and 84% decrease of TAC and PA, respectively), which has been related to the removal of external layers of kernels...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626589/the-effects-of-food-labelling-on-postexercise-energy-intake-in-sedentary-women
#2
Jacynthe Lafrenière, Jessica McNeil, Véronique Provencher, Éric Doucet
Food labelling has been previously reported to influence energy intake (EI). Whether food labels influence postexercise EI remains to be determined. We assessed how food labelling and exercise (Ex) interact to influence food perception and postexercise EI. In this randomized crossover design, 14 inactive women participated in 4 experimental conditions: Ex (300 kcal at 70% of VO2peak) and lunch labelled as low in fat (LF), Ex and lunch labelled as high in fat (HF), Rest and LF, and Rest and HF. The lunch was composed of a plate of pasta, yogurt, and oatmeal cookies, which had the same nutritional composition across the 4 experimental conditions...
2017: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617084/patients-with-cystic-fibrosis-and-a-g551d-or-homozygous-f508del-mutation-similar-lung-function-decline
#3
Gregory S Sawicki, Edward F McKone, Stefanie J Millar, David J Pasta, Michael W Konstan, Barry Lubarsky, Jeffrey S Wagener
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602133/nutritional-and-environmental-factors-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Ismael San Mauro Martín, Javier Andrés Blumenfeld Olivares, Elena Garicano Vilar, Manuela Echeverry López, Marta García Bernat, Yaiza Quevedo Santos, Marta Blanco López, Paloma Elortegui Pascual, Elena Borregon Rivilla, Mario Rincón Barrado
OBJECTIVES: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been related to nutrient deficiencies and 'unhealthy' diets, and to date there is only one study that examined the relationship between the Mediterranean diet and ADHD. The aim was to determine the association between those environmental, nutritional, and body composition factors that may affect the pathogenesis and symptomatology of patients with ADHD in Spain. METHODS: A total of 89 children and adolescents (41 with diagnosed ADHD and 48 controls) were studied in an observation case-control study...
June 11, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582480/pastaspark-multiple-sequence-alignment-meets-big-data
#5
José M Abuín, Tomás F Pena, Juan C Pichel
Motivation: One basic step in many bioinformatics analyses is the Multiple Sequence Alignment (MSA). One of the state of the art tools to performMSA is PASTA (Practical Alignments using SATé and TrAnsitivity). PASTA supportsmultithreading but it is limited to process datasets on shared memory systems. In this work we introduce PASTASpark, a tool that uses the Big Data engine Apache Spark to boost the performance of the alignment phase of PASTA, which is the most expensive task in terms of time consumption...
June 5, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578068/phenolic-profile-and-fermentation-patterns-of-different-commercial-gluten-free-pasta-during-in-vitro-large-intestine-fermentation
#6
Gabriele Rocchetti, Luigi Lucini, Giulia Chiodelli, Gianluca Giuberti, Antonio Gallo, Francesco Masoero, Marco Trevisan
The fate of phenolic compounds, along with short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) production kinetics, was evaluated on six different commercial gluten-free (GF) pasta samples varying in ingredient compositions, focussing on the in vitro faecal fermentation after the gastrointestinal digestion. A general reduction of both total phenolics and reducing power was observed in all samples, together with a substantial change in phenolic profile over 24h of faecal fermentation, with differences among GF pasta samples. Flavonoids, hydroxycinnamics and lignans degraded over time, with a concurrent increase in low-molecular-weight phenolic acids (hydroxybenzoic acids), alkylphenols, hydroxybenzoketones and tyrosols...
July 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562673/analysis-of-parb-centromere-interactions-by-multiplex-spr-imaging-reveals-specific-patterns-for-binding-parb-in-six-centromeres-of-burkholderiales-chromosomes-and-plasmids
#7
Flavien Pillet, Fanny Marie Passot, Franck Pasta, Véronique Anton Leberre, Jean-Yves Bouet
Bacterial centromeres-also called parS, are cis-acting DNA sequences which, together with the proteins ParA and ParB, are involved in the segregation of chromosomes and plasmids. The specific binding of ParB to parS nucleates the assembly of a large ParB/DNA complex from which ParA-the motor protein, segregates the sister replicons. Closely related families of partition systems, called Bsr, were identified on the chromosomes and large plasmids of the multi-chromosomal bacterium Burkholderia cenocepacia and other species from the order Burkholeriales...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550656/the-combined-use-of-virtual-reality-and-eeg-to-study-language-processing-in-naturalistic-environments
#8
Johanne Tromp, David Peeters, Antje S Meyer, Peter Hagoort
When we comprehend language, we often do this in rich settings where we can use many cues to understand what someone is saying. However, it has traditionally been difficult to design experiments with rich three-dimensional contexts that resemble our everyday environments, while maintaining control over the linguistic and nonlinguistic information that is available. Here we test the validity of combining electroencephalography (EEG) and virtual reality (VR) to overcome this problem. We recorded electrophysiological brain activity during language processing in a well-controlled three-dimensional virtual audiovisual environment...
May 26, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505818/anomalous-temperature-dependent-heat-transport-in-one-dimensional-momentum-conserving-systems-with-soft-type-interparticle-interaction
#9
Daxing Xiong
We numerically investigate the heat transport problem in a one-dimensional momentum-conserving lattice with a soft-type (ST) anharmonic interparticle interaction. It is found that with the increase of the system's temperature, while the introduction of ST anharmonicity softens phonons and decreases their velocities, this type of nonlinearity like its hard type (HT) counterpart, can still not be able to fully damp the longest wavelength phonons. Therefore, a usual anomalous temperature dependence of heat transport with certain scaling properties similarly to those shown in the Fermi-Pasta-Ulam-β-like systems with HT interactions can be seen...
April 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503776/differences-in-dietary-and-lifestyle-habits-between-pregnant-women-with-small-fetuses-and-appropriate-for-gestational-age-fetuses
#10
Maria Dolores Gómez Roig, Edurne Mazarico, Silvia Ferrero, Rocío Montejo, Lourdes Ibáñez, Francisco Grima, Antonio Vela
AIM: The purpose of this study was to determine differences in lifestyle and dietary habits between pregnant women with small for gestational age (SGA) fetuses and those appropriate for gestational age (AGA). METHODS: This cross-sectional, prospective study was conducted over 14 months and included 46 mothers with SGA and 81 with AGA fetuses. Fetal growth was assessed by a routine third trimester scan. Participants completed questionnaires regarding dietary habits, lifestyle behavior and sociodemographic characteristics during the third trimester...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499433/servar-an-augmented-reality-tool-to-guide-the-serving-of-food
#11
Megan E Rollo, Tamara Bucher, Shamus P Smith, Clare E Collins
BACKGROUND: Accurate estimation of food portion size is a difficult task. Visual cues are important mediators of portion size and therefore technology-based aids may assist consumers when serving and estimating food portions. The current study evaluated the usability and impact on estimation error of standard food servings of a novel augmented reality food serving aid, ServAR. METHODS: Participants were randomised into one of three groups: 1) no information/aid (control); 2) verbal information on standard serving sizes; or 3) ServAR, an aid which overlayed virtual food servings over a plate using a tablet computer...
May 12, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490087/use-of-ft-ir-ft-raman-and-thermal-analysis-to-evaluate-the-gel-formation-of-curdlan-produced-by-agrobacterium-sp-ifo-13140-and-determination-of-its-rheological-properties-with-food-applicability
#12
Camila Sampaio Mangolim, Thamara Thaiane da Silva, Vanderson Carvalho Fenelon, Adriane do Nascimento, Francielle Sato, Graciette Matioli
Curdlan is a linear polysaccharide composed of glucose units joined by β-(1,3) bonds that possesses unique gelation properties. This study aimed to characterize the structure and evaluate the gelling properties of curdlan produced by Agrobacterium sp. IFO 13140 and its gels, as well as apply it in food. FT-Raman analysis highlighted the structural changes that occurred during the formation of gels, with variations related to the hydrogen bonds and hydrophobic interactions, which occur with the formation of the low-set and high-set gels, respectively...
October 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453973/determinants-of-children-s-exposure-to-pyrethroid-insecticides-in-western-france
#13
Philippe Glorennec, Tania Serrano, Morgane Fravallo, Charline Warembourg, Christine Monfort, Sylvaine Cordier, Jean-François Viel, Florent Le Gléau, Barbara Le Bot, Cécile Chevrier
Pyrethroids are insecticides frequently used in agriculture and in the home; exposure occurs through dietary and non-dietary pathways, including indoor and outdoor environmental contamination. Our objective was to study the potential determinants of pyrethroid metabolite concentrations measured in children's urine samples and in the dust of their homes. Specifically, we measured urinary metabolites from morning spot samples of 245 six-year-old children living in Brittany (France) in 2009-2012 and from dust vacuumed from the floor of their homes...
April 25, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437903/real-time-broadband-radio-frequency-spectrum-analyzer-based-on-parametric-spectro-temporal-analyzer-pasta
#14
Liao Chen, Yuhua Duan, Haidong Zhou, Xi Zhou, Chi Zhang, Xinliang Zhang
A real-time broadband radio frequency (RF) spectrum analyzer is proposed and experimentally demonstrated to rapidly measure the RF spectrum of broadband optical signal. Cross phase modulation in the highly-nonlinear fiber is used to convert the RF spectrum carried by the pump to the optical spectrum of the probe signal, then the optical spectrum is real-time analyzed with the parametric spectro-temporal analyzer (PASTA) technology. The system performances are investigated in detail, including bandwidth, resolution, frame rate, and dynamic range...
April 17, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436621/risk-factors-for-mortality-before-age-18-years-in-cystic-fibrosis
#15
Susanna A McColley, Michael S Schechter, Wayne J Morgan, David J Pasta, Marcia L Craib, Michael W Konstan
BACKGROUND: Understanding early-life risk factors for childhood death in cystic fibrosis (CF) is important for clinical care, including the identification of effective interventions. METHODS: Data from the Epidemiologic Study of Cystic Fibrosis (ESCF) collected 1994-2005 were linked with the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation Patient Registry (CFFPR) demographic and mortality data from 2013. Inclusion criteria were ≥1 visit annually at age 3-5 years and ≥1 FEV1 measurement at age 6-8 years...
April 24, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431980/shear-stress-alterations-in-the-celiac-trunk-of-patients-with-a-continuous-flow-left-ventricular-assist-device-as-shown-by-in-silico-and-in-vitro-flow-analyses
#16
Francesco Scardulla, Salvatore Pasta, Leonardo D'Acquisto, Sergio Sciacca, Valentina Agnese, Christian Vergara, Alfio Quarteroni, Francesco Clemenza, Diego Bellavia, Michele Pilato
BACKGROUND: The use of left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) to treat advanced cardiac heart failure is constantly increasing, although this device leads to high risk for gastrointestinal bleeding. METHODS: Using in-silico flow analysis, we quantified hemodynamic alterations due to continuous-flow LVAD (HeartWare, Inc., Framingham, MA) in the celiac trunk and major branches of the abdominal aorta, and then explored the relationship between wall shear stress (WSS) and celiac trunk orientation...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424064/effectiveness-of-triple-therapy-with-direct-acting-antivirals-for-hepatitis-c-genotype-1-infection-application-of-propensity-score-matching-in-a-national-hcv-treatment-registry
#17
Emma Gray, David J Pasta, Suzanne Norris, Aisling O'Leary
BACKGROUND: Observational studies are used to measure the effectiveness of an intervention in non-experimental, real world scenarios at the population level and are recognised as an important component of the evidence pyramid. Such data can be accrued through prospective cohort studies and a patient registry is a proven method for this type of study. The national hepatitis C (HCV) registry was established in Ireland in 2012 with the aim of monitoring the clinical and economic outcomes from new, high cost regimens for the treatment of HCV infection...
April 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415322/thermal-rectification-in-mass-graded-next-nearest-neighbor-fermi-pasta-ulam-lattices
#18
M Romero-Bastida, Jorge-Orlando Miranda-Peña, Juan M López
We study the thermal rectification efficiency, i.e., quantification of asymmetric heat flow, of a one-dimensional mass-graded anharmonic oscillator Fermi-Pasta-Ulam lattice both with nearest-neighbor (NN) and next-nearest-neighbor (NNN) interactions. The system presents a maximum rectification efficiency for a very precise value of the parameter that controls the coupling strength of the NNN interactions, which also optimizes the rectification figure when its dependence on mass asymmetry and temperature differences is considered...
March 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415308/thermal-transport-in-the-fermi-pasta-ulam-model-with-long-range-interactions
#19
Debarshee Bagchi
We study the thermal transport properties of the one-dimensional Fermi-Pasta-Ulam model (β type) with long-range interactions. The strength of the long-range interaction decreases with the (shortest) distance between the lattice sites as distance^{-δ}, where δ≥0. Two Langevin heat baths at unequal temperatures are connected to the ends of the one-dimensional lattice via short-range harmonic interactions that drive the system away from thermal equilibrium. In the nonequilibrium steady state the heat current, thermal conductivity, and temperature profiles are computed by solving the equations of motion numerically...
March 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410796/-improving-diet-quality-in-children-through-a-new-nutritional-education-programme-infadimed
#20
Maria Del Mar Bibiloni, Jordi Fernández-Blanco, Noemí Pujol-Plana, Núria Martín-Galindo, Maria Mercè Fernández-Vallejo, Mariona Roca-Domingo, Juan Chamorro-Medina, Josep A Tur
OBJECTIVE: To assess the results of a nutritional education programme developed by using available local resources to improve diet quality and decrease overweight and obesity prevalence among children. METHOD: A longitudinal intervention study by means of nutritional education (INFADIMED) in children (aged 3-7 years) from Vilafranca del Penedès (Barcelona, Spain), recruited from preschool centres and primary schools, with an intervention or INFADIMED group (n=319; 50...
April 11, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
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