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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896913/nausea-and-vomiting-in-early-pregnancy-effects-on-food-intake-and-diet-quality
#1
Sarah R Crozier, Hazel M Inskip, Keith M Godfrey, Cyrus Cooper, Sian M Robinson
Experiences of nausea and/or vomiting in pregnancy (NVP) vary greatly, but the paucity of studies with pre-pregnancy dietary data mean that little is known about the effects of NVP on diet. Using an administered food frequency questionnaire, diet was assessed before pregnancy and at 11 and 34 weeks' gestation in 2270 participants in a UK birth cohort study (Southampton Women's Survey). Experience of NVP in early pregnancy was graded as none, mild, moderate, or severe. Participants reported their level of food consumption as more, the same, or less than before pregnancy...
November 29, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886388/phytate-calcium-molar-ratio-does-not-predict-accessibility-of-calcium-in-ready-to-eat-dishes
#2
Daniela Erba, Federica Manini, Erika Meroni, Maria C Casiraghi
BACKGROUND: Phytic acid (PA), a naturally occurring compound of plant food, is generally considered to affect mineral bioavailability. The aim of this study was to investigate the reliability of the PA/calcium molar ratio as a predictive factor of calcium accessibility in composed dishes and their ingredients. RESULTS: We chose dishes whose ingredients were rich in Ca (milk or cheese) or in PA (whole-wheat cereals) in order to consider a range of PA/Ca ratios (from 0 to 2...
November 25, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872878/serum-antioxidant-capacity-and-peroxide-level-of-seven-healthy-subjects-after-consumption-of-different-foods
#3
Maura N Laus, Mario Soccio, Michela Alfarano, Antonella Pasqualone, Marcello S Lenucci, Giuseppe Di Miceli, Donato Pastore
This article reports experimental data related to the research article entitled "Different effectiveness of two pastas supplemented with either lipophilic or hydrophilic/phenolic antioxidants in affecting serum as evaluated by the novel Antioxidant/Oxidant Balance approach" (M.N. Laus, M. Soccio, M. Alfarano, A. Pasqualone, M.S. Lenucci, G. Di Miceli, D. Pastore, 2016) [1]. Antioxidant status of blood serum of seven healthy subjects was evaluated during four hours after consumption of two functional pastas, supplemented with either bran oleoresin or bran water extract obtained from durum wheat...
December 2016: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853715/differences-in-chemical-physical-and-microbiological-characteristics-of-italian-burrata-cheeses-made-in-artisanal-and-industrial-plants-of-apulia-region
#4
Stefano Rea, Leonardo Marino, Roberta Stocchi, Raffaella Branciari, Anna Rita Loschi, Dino Miraglia, David Ranucci
The burrata cheese is a traditional product from Southern Italy, consisting of an envelope of pasta filata (stretched curd) filled with cream and pasta filata strips (usually leftovers from mozzarella production). Physical [water activity (aw), pH], chemical (moisture, NaCl content) and microbiological [total viable count (TVC), Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella spp., Yersinia enterocolitica, Bacillus cereus, Escherichia coli, Enterobacteriaceae, coagulase-positive staphylococci] characteristics of burrata cheeses manufactured in artisanal and industrial plants were evaluated...
June 3, 2016: Italian Journal of Food Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847264/dietary-patterns-and-12-year-risk-of-frailty-results-from-the-three-city-bordeaux-study
#5
Sophie Pilleron, Soufiane Ajana, Marthe-Aline Jutand, Catherine Helmer, Jean-François Dartigues, Cécilia Samieri, Catherine Féart
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the association between dietary patterns and the 12-year risk of frailty and its components in community-dwelling elderly French adults. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study. SETTING: The Bordeaux sample of the Three-City Study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 972 initially nonfrail nondemented participants (336 men and 636 women) aged 73 years on average, re-examined at least once over 12 years. MEASUREMENTS: Five sex-specific dietary clusters were previously derived at baseline...
November 12, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806131/the-listeria-monocytogenes-pasta-kinase-prka-and-its-substrate-yvck-are-required-for-cell-wall-homeostasis-metabolism-and-virulence
#6
Daniel A Pensinger, Kyle M Boldon, Grischa Y Chen, William J B Vincent, Kyle Sherman, Meng Xiong, Adam J Schaenzer, Emily R Forster, Jörn Coers, Rob Striker, John-Demian Sauer
Obstacles to bacterial survival and replication in the cytosol of host cells, and the mechanisms used by bacterial pathogens to adapt to this niche are not well understood. Listeria monocytogenes is a well-studied Gram-positive foodborne pathogen that has evolved to invade and replicate within the host cell cytosol; yet the mechanisms by which it senses and responds to stress to survive in the cytosol are largely unknown. To assess the role of the L. monocytogenes penicillin-binding-protein and serine/threonine associated (PASTA) kinase PrkA in stress responses, cytosolic survival and virulence, we constructed a ΔprkA deletion mutant...
November 2016: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792392/observation-of-fermi-pasta-ulam-recurrence-induced-by-breather-solitons-in-an-optical-microresonator
#7
Chengying Bao, Jose A Jaramillo-Villegas, Yi Xuan, Daniel E Leaird, Minghao Qi, Andrew M Weiner
We present, experimentally and numerically, the observation of Fermi-Pasta-Ulam recurrence induced by breather solitons in a high-Q SiN microresonator. Breather solitons can be excited by increasing the pump power at a relatively small pump phase detuning in microresonators. Out of phase power evolution is observed for groups of comb lines around the center of the spectrum compared to groups of lines in the spectral wings. The evolution of the power spectrum is not symmetric with respect to the spectrum center...
October 14, 2016: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776774/development-and-validation-of-ultra-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-methods-for-the-simultaneous-determination-of-beauvericin-enniatins-a-a1-b-b1-and-cereulide-in-maize-wheat-pasta-and-rice
#8
Marlies Decleer, Andreja Rajkovic, Benedikt Sas, Annemieke Madder, Sarah De Saeger
Rapid and accurate UPLC-MS/MS methods for the simultaneous determination of beauvericin and the related enniatins (A, A1, B, B1), together with cereulide were successfully developed and validated in cereal and cereal-based food matrices such as wheat, maize, rice and pasta. Although these emerging foodborne toxins are of different microbial origin, the similar structural, toxicological and food safety features provided rationale for their concurrent detection in relevant food matrices. A Waters Acquity UPLC system coupled to a Waters Quattro Premier XE™ Mass Spectrometer operating in ESI+ mode was employed...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754267/sy-16-1-dietary-approaches-to-prevent-and-control-elevated-blood-pressure
#9
Yongsoon Park
A healthy lifestyle is important in CVD prevention and treatment through effects on modifiable CVD risk factors, particularly blood pressure. Although the major drawback is the low level of adherence over time, appropriate lifestyle changes may safely and effectively prevent and treat hypertension. The recommended dietary approaches that have been shown to be capable of reducing blood pressure are: salt restriction, moderation of alcohol consumption, high consumption of vegetables and fruits and low-fat and other types of diet, and weight reduction...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746230/quantitative-evaluation-of-orofacial-motor-function-in-mice-the-pasta-gnawing-test-a-voluntary-and-stress-free-behavior-test
#10
R Rabl, A Horvath, C Breitschaedel, S Flunkert, H Roemer, B Hutter-Paier
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of motor deficits in rodents is mostly restricted to limb motor tests that are often high stressors for the animals. NEW METHOD: To test rodents for orofacial motor impairments in a stress-free environment, we established the pasta gnawing test by measuring the biting noise of mice that eat a piece of spaghetti. Two parameters were evaluated, the biting speed and the biting peaks per biting episode. To evaluate the power of this test compared to commonly used limb motor and muscle strength tests, three mouse models of Parkinson's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and Niemann-Pick disease were tested in the pasta gnawing test, RotaRod and wire suspension test...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744545/bioactive-compounds-from-regular-diet-and-faecal-microbial-metabolites
#11
Tania Fernández-Navarro, Nuria Salazar, Isabel Gutiérrez-Díaz, Borja Sánchez, Patricia Rúas-Madiedo, Clara G de Los Reyes-Gavilán, Abelardo Margolles, Miguel Gueimonde, Sonia González
PURPOSE: Short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) formation by intestinal bacteria is regulated by many different factors, among which dietary fibre is currently receiving most attention. However, since fibre-rich foods are usually good dietary sources of phenolic compounds, which are also known to affect the microbiota, authors hypothesize that the regular intake of these bioactive compounds could be associated with a modulation of faecal SCFA production by the intestinal microbiota. METHODS: In this work, food intake was recorded by means of a validated Food Frequency Questionnaire...
October 15, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740809/experimental-observation-and-theoretical-description-of-multisoliton-fission-in-shallow-water
#12
S Trillo, G Deng, G Biondini, M Klein, G F Clauss, A Chabchoub, M Onorato
We observe the dispersive breaking of cosine-type long waves [Phys. Rev. Lett. 15, 240 (1965)] in shallow water, characterizing the highly nonlinear "multisoliton" fission over variable conditions. We provide new insight into the interpretation of the results by analyzing the data in terms of the periodic inverse scattering transform for the Korteweg-de Vries equation. In a wide range of dispersion and nonlinearity, the data compare favorably with our analytical estimate, based on a rigorous WKB approach, of the number of emerging solitons...
September 30, 2016: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736238/influence-of-factors-on-release-of-antimicrobials-from-antimicrobial-packaging-materials
#13
Yu-Mei Wu, Zhi-Wei Wang, Chang-Ying Hu, Cristina Nerín
Antimicrobial packaging materials (films or coatings) (APMs) have aroused great interest among the scientists or the experts specialized in material science, food science, packaging engineering, biology and chemistry. APMs have been used to package the food such as dairy products, poultry, meat (e.g. beef), salmon muscle, pastry dough, fresh pasta, bakery products, fruits, vegetables and beverages. Some materials have been already commercialized. The ability of APMs to extend the shelf-life of the food depends on the release rate of the antimicrobials (AMs) from the materials to the food...
October 13, 2016: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733407/a-vegetable-fruit-and-white-rice-dietary-pattern-during-pregnancy-is-associated-with-a-lower-risk-of-preterm-birth-and-larger-birth-size-in-a-multiethnic-asian-cohort-the-growing-up-in-singapore-towards-healthy-outcomes-gusto-cohort-study
#14
Ai-Ru Chia, Jamie V de Seymour, Marjorelee Colega, Ling-Wei Chen, Yiong-Huak Chan, Izzuddin M Aris, Mya-Thway Tint, Phaik Ling Quah, Keith M Godfrey, Fabian Yap, Seang-Mei Saw, Philip N Baker, Yap-Seng Chong, Rob M van Dam, Yung Seng Lee, Mary Foong-Fong Chong
BACKGROUND: Maternal dietary patterns during pregnancy have been shown to influence infant birth outcomes. However, to our knowledge, only a few studies have examined the associations in Asian populations. OBJECTIVE: We characterized maternal dietary patterns in Asian pregnant women and examined their associations with the risk of preterm birth and offspring birth size. DESIGN: At 26-28 wk of gestation, 24-h recalls and 3-d food diaries were collected from the women in the Growing Up in Singapore Towards healthy Outcomes mother-offspring cohort...
November 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729823/mindful-approach-to-university-education
#15
Fiorenza Broggi, Monica Bomba, Michela Rimondini, Maura Mutti, Sara Pasta, Chiara Ricci, Luca Tagliabue, Silvia Valsecchi, Elide Monaco, Francesca Neri, Silvia Oggiano, Renata Nacinovich
A mindful approach to education and training could improve students' reflective capacities and have positive effects on clinical practice because it facilitates a helping relationship. The main aims of this study were to investigate whether participation in a mindful-based University training was associated with increases in mindfulness skills as measured by the 5-Facet M Questionnaire, and to present the Italian validation of the questionnaire. Sixty-seven students from the course Neuro and Psychomotor Therapy were enrolled...
2016: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708840/portion-size-preference-as-a-function-of-individuals-body-mass-index
#16
N M Reily, C P Herman, L R Vartanian
OBJECTIVE: Large portions of food are often blamed for rising rates of obesity. We tested the possibility that people who are heavier may tend to select or prefer larger portions than do people who are lighter. METHODS: Participants (total N = 798) were asked to choose between a small and larger portion of pasta for a hypothetical meal (Studies 1, 2 and 4), to indicate their ideal portion from a range of portion-size options (Study 2), or to select their preferred portion size from each of 28 portion pairs (Study 3)...
September 2016: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703476/diet-related-knowledge-and-physical-activity-in-a-large-cohort-of-insulin-treated-type-2-diabetes-patients-progens-arena-study
#17
Tomasz Klupa, Michał Możdżan, Janina Kokoszka-Paszkot, Magdalena Kubik, Małgorzata Masierek, Margerita Czerwińska, Maciej T Małecki
There is no doubt that behavioral intervention is crucial for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) prevention and management. We aimed to estimate dietary habits and diet-oriented knowledge as well as the level of physical activity in 2500 insulin-treated Polish type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients (55.4% women). The mean age of the study participants was 64.9 ± 9.3 years, mean BMI was 31.4 kg/m(2) ± 4.5, mean diabetes duration was 12.4 ± 6.9 years, and mean baseline HbA1c was 8.5%  ± 1.2. At the study onset, all the patients completed a questionnaire concerning health-oriented behavior...
2016: International Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695291/effects-of-low-carbohydrate-diet-therapy-in-overweight-subjects-with-autoimmune-thyroiditis-possible-synergism-with-chrebp
#18
Teresa Esposito, Jean Marc Lobaccaro, Maria Grazia Esposito, Vincenzo Monda, Antonietta Messina, Giuseppe Paolisso, Bruno Varriale, Marcellino Monda, Giovanni Messina
The thyroid is one of the metabolism regulating glands. Its function is to determine the amount of calories that the body has to burn to maintain normal weight. Thyroiditides are inflammatory processes that mainly result in autoimmune diseases. We have conducted the present study in order to have a clear picture of both autoimmune status and the control of body weight. We have evaluated the amount of either thyroid hormones, or antithyroid, or anti-microsomal, or anti-peroxidase antibodies (Abs) in patients with high amounts of Abs...
2016: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676318/socio-economics-food-habits-and-the-prevalence-of-childhood-obesity-in-spain
#19
J M Gil, S Takourabt
BACKGROUND: In 2012, the prevalence of obesity and overweight statuses among children in Spain was 9% and 26%, respectively. Concerns about childhood obesity have increased over the past few years, as obesity developed during childhood can persist throughout an individual's lifetime (cohort effect). This study aims to develop a better understanding of the factors influencing the prevalence of obesity in Spain. METHODS: Microdata from the 2012 National Health Survey are used, and the methodological framework is based on the estimation of a sample selection model...
September 27, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643264/sy-16-1-dietary-approaches-to-prevent-and-control-elevated-blood-pressure
#20
Yongsoon Park
A healthy lifestyle is important in CVD prevention and treatment through effects on modifiable CVD risk factors, particularly blood pressure. Although the major drawback is the low level of adherence over time, appropriate lifestyle changes may safely and effectively prevent and treat hypertension. The recommended dietary approaches that have been shown to be capable of reducing blood pressure are: salt restriction, moderation of alcohol consumption, high consumption of vegetables and fruits and low-fat and other types of diet, and weight reduction...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
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