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Gustavo A Camelo-Méndez, Edith Agama-Acevedo, Cristina M Rosell, Maria de J Perea-Flores, Luis A Bello-Pérez
The microstructure of cooked gluten-free pasta depends on the ingredients used, and this microstructure affects the starch hydrolysis (SH), the release of phenolic compounds (PC) and their antioxidant capacity (AC). The aim of this study was to evaluate the SD and bioaccessibility of PC during in vitro gastrointestinal digestion of gluten-free pasta and its relationship with the microstructure. The highest SH was during the intestinal phase (≈60%), but pasta with the highest content of unripe plantain and chickpea presented the lowest release of PC (≈60%)...
October 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
Anna Winiarska-Mieczan, Edyta Kowalczuk-Vasilev, Katarzyna Kwiatkowska, Małgorzata Kwiecień, Ewa Baranowska-Wójcik, Bożena Kiczorowska, Renata Klebaniuk, Wioletta Samolińska
This paper aims to verify whether cereal products are a good source of Cu, Mn, Fe, and Zn in the diets of Poles. The study material comprised of 445 cereal products including baked goods, breakfast cereals and groats, pasta, and rice. Products that required culinary treatment (pasta, groats, rice) were boiled in drinking quality water as recommended by the producer. The content of Cu, Mn, Fe, and Zn was determined by using the FAAS method. The average content of microelements in the analyzed products can be represented as Fe (17...
May 18, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Andreea Zurbau, Alexandra L Jenkins, Elena Jovanovski, Fei Au-Yeung, Emma A Bateman, Christy Brissette, Thomas M S Wolever, Amir Hanna, Vladimir Vuksan
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Dietary carbohydrate quality and quantity fluctuate but it is unknown which attribute takes precedence in vascular health preservation. We investigated all four permutations of glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) on acute vascular and glycemic responses. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Twenty-one healthy adults were screened for this crossover trial. Seventeen (8 M:9 F; 26.7 ± 12.3 y; BMI 22.2 ± 2.8 kg/m2 ) entered randomization and completed the study, receiving four isocaloric meals, varying in GI and GL, in random order at least 3 days apart...
May 17, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Stefano Iubini, Pierfrancesco Di Cintio, Stefano Lepri, Roberto Livi, Lapo Casetti
We investigate thermal conduction in arrays of long-range interacting rotors and Fermi-Pasta-Ulam (FPU) oscillators coupled to two reservoirs at different temperatures. The strength of the interaction between two lattice sites decays as a power α of the inverse of their distance. We point out the necessity of distinguishing between energy flows towards or from the reservoirs and those within the system. We show that energy flow between the reservoirs occurs via a direct transfer induced by long-range couplings and a diffusive process through the chain...
March 2018: Physical Review. E
Faris M Zuraikat, Liane S Roe, Alissa D Smethers, Levi W Reihart, Barbara J Rolls
Serving larger portions leads to increased intake, but little is known about how the cost of a meal affects this response. Therefore, we tested whether the amount of money paid for a meal influenced the portion size effect at a lunch served in a controlled restaurant-style setting. In a crossover design, 79 adults (55 women; 24 men) came to the lab once a week for 4 weeks to eat a main dish of pasta with side dishes. Across weeks, the meal was varied in two factors: portion size of the main dish (400 g or 600 g) and cost of the meal (US$8 or $16)...
May 14, 2018: Appetite
Erin Quann, Ryan Carvalho
BACKGROUND: The introduction of starch into an infant's diet is an important milestone in the feeding journey. Intestinal maturity and the presence of digestive enzymes are necessary for the physiologic breakdown of starch and other complementary foods. However, little is known about the consumption patterns of starch containing foods during complementary feeding. METHOD: The 2008 Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study (FITS) is a cross-sectional 24-hour dietary intake survey of a nationally representative sample of infants, toddlers, and preschoolers from birth to 48 months of age...
June 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Jeramy Lewis, Robert E Camley, Nicholas R Anderson
We study nonlinear spin motion in one-dimensional magnetic chains. We find significant differences from the classic Fermi-Pasta-Ulam (FPU) problem examining nonlinear elastic motion in a chain. We find that FPU behavior, the transfer of energy among low order eigenmodes, does not occur in magnetic systems with only exchange and external fields, but does exist if a uniaxial anisotropy is also present. The FPU behavior may be altered or turned off through the magnitude and orientation of an external magnetic field...
April 20, 2018: Physical Review Letters
Zugey Hernández-Ruiz, Sonia Rodríguez-Ramírez, Sonia Hernández-Cordero, Eric Monterrubio-Flores
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the association between dietary patterns and metabolic syndrome (MS) components in adult women with excess weight. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study with anthropometric, dietary, biochemical and blood pressure data. Dietary patterns were identified by factor analysis and multiple logistic regression models were used to analyze associations. RESULTS: The prevalence of altered glucose was 14.6%, of hypertriglyceridemia 40...
March 2018: Salud Pública de México
Danilo Sciarrone, Antonino Schepis, Mariosimone Zoccali, Paola Donato, Federico Vita, Donato Creti, Amedeo Alpi, Luigi Mondello
Truffles are among the most expensive foods available in the market, usually used as flavouring additives for their distinctive aroma. The most valuable species is Tuber magnatum Pico, better known as "Alba white truffle", in which bis(methylthio)methane is the key aroma compound. Given the high economical value of genuine white truffles, analytical approaches are required, able to discriminate between natural or synthetic truffle aroma. Gas chromatography coupled to combustion-isotope ratio mass spectrometry (GC-C-IRMS), exploiting the 13C/12C ratio abundance of the key flavourings compounds in foods, has been a recognized technique for authenticity and traceability purposes, however a number of issues have greatly limited its widespread use, so far...
May 7, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Florence Sheen, Charlotte A Hardman, Eric Robinson
BACKGROUND: Larger portion sizes of food promote increased food intake, although the mechanisms explaining the portion size effect are unclear. In the present study we examined whether the tendency to clear one's plate when eating is associated with greater food intake in response to larger portion size. METHOD: We recruited female participants who were either self-reported habitual plate clearers (N = 48) or non-plate clearers (N = 41) into a laboratory study...
May 3, 2018: Appetite
Michelle Laeremans, Evi Dons, Ione Avila-Palencia, Glòria Carrasco-Turigas, Juan Pablo Orjuela, Esther Anaya, Tom Cole-Hunter, Audrey de Nazelle, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen, Arnout Standaert, Martine Van Poppel, Patrick De Boever, Luc Int Panis
Physical activity (PA) in urban environments may lead to increased inhalation of air pollutants. As PA and air pollution (AP) have respectively beneficial and detrimental effects on the cardiorespiratory system, the responses to these exposures can interact. Therefore, we assessed the short-term effects of PA, AP and their interaction on a set of subclinical cardiovascular and respiratory outcomes in a panel of healthy adults: heart rate variability (HRV), retinal vessel diameters, lung function and fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO)...
May 2, 2018: Environment International
Karianne Svendsen, Hege Berg Henriksen, Beate Østengen, David R Jacobs, Vibeke H Telle-Hansen, Monica H Carlsen, Kjetil Retterstøl
Background: The Vascular lifestyle-Intervention and Screening in phArmacies (VISA) study investigates diet and lifestyle factors associated with risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). As part of the study methodology, a short Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ), the VISA-FFQ, was adapted from the Norwegian NORDIET-FFQ. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the VISA-FFQ and its ability to estimate intakes of foods and lifestyle factors in screening for elevated risk of CVD...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
Jessica Ashurst, Irene van Woerden, Genevieve Dunton, Michael Todd, Punam Ohri-Vachaspati, Pamela Swan, Meg Bruening
BACKGROUND: Studies have examined the associations between emotions and overeating but have only rarely considered associations between emotions and specific food choices. The purpose of this secondary data analysis was to use mobile ecological momentary assessments (mEMAs) to examine associations between emotions and food choices among first-year college students living in residence halls. METHODS: Using an intensive repeated-measures design, mEMAs were used to assess concurrent emotions and food choices in a racially/ethnically diverse sample of first-year college students (n = 663)...
May 2, 2018: BMC Public Health
Yashvee Dunneram, Darren Charles Greenwood, Victoria J Burley, Janet E Cade
BACKGROUND: Age at natural menopause is a matter of concern for women of reproductive age as both an early or late menopause may have implications for health outcomes. METHODS: Study participants were women aged 40-65 years who had experienced a natural menopause from the UK Women's Cohort Study between baseline and first follow-up. Natural menopause was defined as the permanent cessation of menstrual periods for at least 12 consecutive months. A food frequency questionnaire was used to estimate diet at baseline...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Francesco Scardulla, Valentina Agnese, Giuseppe Romano, Gabriele Di Gesaro, Sergio Sciacca, Diego Bellavia, Francesco Clemenza, Michele Pilato, Salvatore Pasta
The risk of right ventricle (RV) failure remains a major contraindication for continuous-flow left ventricular assist device (CF-LVAD) implantation in patients with heart failure. It is therefore critical to identify the patients who will benefit from early intervention to avoid adverse outcomes. We sought to advance the computational modeling description of the mechanisms underlying RV failure in LVAD-supported patients. RV failure was studied by computational modeling of hemodynamic and cardiac mechanics using lumped-parameter and biventricular finite element (FE) analysis...
April 26, 2018: Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology
Cecilia Galbete, Mary Nicolaou, Karlijn Meeks, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch, Ama de-Graft Aikins, Juliet Addo, Stephen K Amoah, Liam Smeeth, Ellis Owusu-Dabo, Joachim Spranger, Charles Agyemang, Frank P Mockenhaupt, Erik Beune, Karien Stronks, Matthias B Schulze, Ina Danquah
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: We aimed to study the associations of dietary patterns (DPs) with type 2 diabetes (T2D) among Ghanaian adults. SUBJECTS/METHODS: In the multi-centre, cross-sectional RODAM (Research on Obesity and Diabetes among African Migrants) study (n = 4543), three overall DPs ("mixed", "rice, pasta, meat and fish," and "roots, tubers and plantain") and two site-specific DPs per study site (rural Ghana, urban Ghana and Europe) were identified by principal component analysis...
April 25, 2018: Nutrition & Diabetes
Yuri V Lvov, Miguel Onorato
We consider the original β-Fermi-Pasta-Ulam-Tsingou system; numerical simulations and theoretical arguments suggest that, for a finite number of masses, a statistical equilibrium state is reached independently of the initial energy of the system. Using ensemble averages over initial conditions characterized by different Fourier random phases, we numerically estimate the time scale of equipartition and we find that for very small nonlinearity it matches the prediction based on exact wave-wave resonant interaction theory...
April 6, 2018: Physical Review Letters
A Ruttens, K Cheyns, A C Blanpain, L De Temmerman, N Waegeneers
This study reports results of total arsenic (Astot ) and various As species in 75 samples of cereals and cereal products bought on the Belgian market in 2009. In addition to rice, the samples were wheat, pasta, bread and some breakfast cereals. The inorganic species arsenite (AsIII ) and arsenate (AsV ), and the organic As compounds dimethyl arsinate (DMA) and monomethyl arsonate (MA) were the only As species detected. Mean Astot was 0.150 ± 0.089 mg kg-1 in rice and 0.012 ± 0.008 mg kg- in the non-rice cereals...
April 21, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Jeffrey S Wagener, Michael J Williams, Stefanie J Millar, Wayne J Morgan, David J Pasta, Michael W Konstan
BACKGROUND: Patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) who experience acute declines in percent predicted FEV1 (ppFEV1 decreased ≥10% relative to baseline) are often not treated with antibiotics for pulmonary exacerbations (PEx), whereas other patients are treated even when they have not experienced a decline in lung function. METHODS: We analyzed 2 patient cohorts using 3 years of Epidemiologic Study of CF data. Cohort 1 (12,837 patients) experienced a ≥10% acute decline in ppFEV1 (n = 22,898) and Cohort 2 (10,416 patients) had a clinician-diagnosed PEx (n = 20,731)...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis: Official Journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society
Asli Akyol, Aylin Ayaz, Elif Inan-Eroglu, Cansu Cetin, Gulhan Samur
BACKGROUND: Plate colour was previously shown to alter the amount of food consumption due to its environmental effect on food intake. However, different studies have indicated that the effect of plate colour cannot be generalized. In light of this finding, the main objective of this study was to determine whether food consumption during an open buffet meal was different when using same-sized white, red or black plates. METHODS: This study was a crossover study conducted with 54 female participants aged 18-30 years with normal BMIs...
April 21, 2018: Nutrition Journal
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