keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

functional mobility

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352837/socio-economic-determinants-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-in-the-older-polish-population-results-from-the-polsenior-study
#1
Magdalena Wyskida, Aleksander Owczarek, Aleksandra Szybalska, Aniceta Brzozowska, Irena Szczerbowska, Katarzyna Wieczorowska-Tobis, Monika Puzianowska-Kuźnicka, Edward Franek, Małgorzata Mossakowska, Tomasz Grodzicki, Andrzej Więcek, Magdalena Olszanecka-Glinianowicz, Jerzy Chudek
OBJECTIVE: Numerous studies have reported an association between vitamin D (25-hydroxyvitamin D; 25(OH)D) deficiency and low economic status, lower educational level, drugs exposure, smoking and reduced physical activity. Our study analysed the association between sociodemographic factors and 25(OH)D status in Polish (Caucasian) seniors. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study (part of the PolSenior study). Serum 25(OH)D concentration was measured by a solid-phase ELISA method; a standardized questionnaire evaluated educational level, economic status, alcohol consumption, current or past cigarette smoking, physical activity, activities of daily living (ADL) and instrumental activities of daily living...
January 21, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352197/phylogenetic-and-functional-structure-of-wintering-waterbird-communities-associated-with-ecological-differences
#2
Xianli Che, Min Zhang, Yanyan Zhao, Qiang Zhang, Qing Quan, Anders Møller, Fasheng Zou
Ecological differences may be related to community component divisions between Oriental (west) and Sino-Japanese (east) realms, and such differences may result in weak geographical breaks in migratory species that are highly mobile. Here, we conducted comparative phylogenetic and functional structure analyses of wintering waterbird communities in southern China across two realms and subsequently examined possible climate drivers of the observed patterns. An analysis based on such highly migratory species is particularly telling because migration is bound to reduce or completely eliminate any divergence between communities...
January 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351898/young-people-s-parents-and-professionals-views-on-required-components-of-mobile-apps-to-support-self-management-of-juvenile-arthritis-qualitative-study
#3
Jennifer M Waite-Jones, Rabiya Majeed-Ariss, Joanna Smith, Simon R Stones, Vanessa Van Rooyen, Veronica Swallow
BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence that supporting self-management of Juvenile Arthritis can benefit both patients and professionals. Young people with Juvenile Arthritis and their healthy peers increasingly use mobile technologies to access information and support in day-to-day life. Therefore, a user-led, rigorously developed and evaluated mobile app could be valuable for facilitating young people's self-management of Juvenile Arthritis. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to seek the views of young people with Juvenile Arthritis, their parents or carers, and health care professionals (HCPs) as to what should be included in a mobile app to facilitate young people's self-management of chronic Juvenile Arthritis...
January 19, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351842/maintaining-a-healthy-proteome-during-oxidative-stress
#4
REVIEW
Dana Reichmann, Wilhelm Voth, Ursula Jakob
Some of the most challenging stress conditions that organisms encounter during their lifetime involve the transient accumulation of reactive oxygen and chlorine species. Extremely reactive to amino acid side chains, these oxidants cause widespread protein unfolding and aggregation. It is therefore not surprising that cells draw on a variety of different strategies to counteract the damage and maintain a healthy proteome. Orchestrated largely by direct changes in the thiol oxidation status of key proteins, the response strategies involve all layers of protein protection...
January 18, 2018: Molecular Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351770/-i-struggle-to-count-my-blessings-recovery-after-hip-fracture-from-the-patients-perspective
#5
Vigdis Bruun-Olsen, Astrid Bergland, Kristi Elisabeth Heiberg
BACKGROUND: Recovery outlooks of physical functioning and quality of life after hip fracture have not changed significantly over the past 25 years. Previous research has mainly dealt with causalities and acute treatment, while the recovery process from the patients' perspective has been less comprehensively described. Expanded knowledge of what the patients consider important in their recovery process may have important consequences for how these patients are treated in the future and thereby on future patient outcomes...
January 19, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351417/zinc-regulates-vascular-endothelial-activities-through-zinc-sensing-receptor-znr-gpr39
#6
Donghui Zhu, Yingchao Su, Yufeng Zheng, Bingmei M Fu, Liping Tang, Yi-Xian Qin
Zn2+ is an essential element for cell survival/growth, and its deficiency is linked to many disorders. Extracellular Zn2+ concentration changes participate in modulating fundamental cellular processes such as proliferation, secretion, ion transport, and cell signal transduction in a mechanism that is not well understood. Here, we hypothesize that the Zn-sensing receptor ZnR/GPR39, found in tissues where dynamic Zn2+ homeostasis takes place, enables extracellular Zn2+ to trigger intracellular signaling pathways regulating key cell functions in vascular cells...
December 13, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351127/four-months-of-wearing-a-balance-orthotic-improves-measures-of-balance-and-mobility-among-a-cohort-of-community-living-older-adults
#7
Sean Noah, Cynthia Gibson-Horn, Jennifer L Vincenzo
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimated that there were 29 million falls and 7 million injuries in 2014 in the United States. Falls, decreased balance, and mobility disability are common in older adults and often result in loss of independence. Finding interventions to address these issues is important, as this age group is growing exponentially. Prior studies indicate balance and mobility can be improved by the balance-based torso-weighting (BBTW) assessment implemented through wear of a balance orthotic (BO)...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350946/electrical-control-of-structural-and-physical-properties-via-strong-spin-orbit-interactions-in-sr_-2-iro_-4
#8
G Cao, J Terzic, H D Zhao, H Zheng, L E De Long, Peter S Riseborough
Electrical control of structural and physical properties is a long-sought, but elusive goal of contemporary science and technology. We demonstrate that a combination of strong spin-orbit interactions (SOI) and a canted antiferromagnetic Mott state is sufficient to attain that goal. The antiferromagnetic insulator Sr_{2}IrO_{4} provides a model system in which strong SOI lock canted Ir magnetic moments to IrO_{6} octahedra, causing them to rigidly rotate together. A novel coupling between an applied electrical current and the canting angle reduces the Néel temperature and drives a large, nonlinear lattice expansion that closely tracks the magnetization, increases the electron mobility, and precipitates a unique resistive switching effect...
January 5, 2018: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350639/dynamic-mri-in-the-evaluation-of-the-spine-state-of-the-art
#9
Giulia Michelini, Antonella Corridore, Silvia Torlone, Federico Bruno, Claudia Marsecano, Raffaella Capasso, Ferdinando Caranci, Antonio Barile, Carlo Masciocchi, Alessandra Splendiani
INTRODUCTION: Degenerative disease of the spine is a generic term encompassing a wide range of different disease processes, which leads to spinal instability; traumatic/neoplastic events can accelerate this aging process. Therefore, the dynamic nature of the spine and its mobility across multiple segments is difficult to depict with any single imaging modality. METHODS: A review of PubMed databases for articles published about kMRI in patients with cervical and lumbar spinal desease was performed...
January 19, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350626/high-mobility-in-sub-0-75-sub-ga-sub-0-25-sub-as-quantum-wells-in-an-inas-phonon-lattice
#10
Chong Chen, Stuart N Holmes, Ian Farrer, Harvey E Beere, David A Ritchie
InGaAs based devices are great complements to silicon for CMOS, as they provide an increased carrier saturation velocity, lower operating voltage and reduced power dissipation. In this work we show that In0.75Ga0.25As quantum wells with a high mobility, 15 000 to 20 000 cm2/V.s at ambient temperature, show an InAs-like phonon with an energy of 28.8 meV, frequency of 232 cm-1 that dominates the polar-optical mode scattering from ∼ 70 K to 300 K. The optical phonon frequency is insensitive to the carrier density modulated with a surface gate or LED illumination...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350332/sleep-in-ankylosing-spondylitis-and-non-radiographic-axial-spondyloarthritis-associations-with-disease-activity-gender-and-mood
#11
Alison Wadeley, Emily Clarke, Shaaron Leverment, Raj Sengupta
The study aims were to assess the prevalence of good or poor sleep in a cohort of axial spondyloarthritis patients and to investigate its correlation with a range of objectively and subjectively measured variables in order to develop a model for distinguishing good from poor sleepers. Five hundred ninety-eight patients with ankylosing spondylitis and 61 with non-radiographic axial spondyloarthritis completed the Jenkins Sleep Evaluation Questionnaire. Measures of disease activity, mobility, function, mood, fatigue, quality of life, work productivity, night-time pain and general health were gathered...
January 19, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349976/-analysis-on-the-arthroscopy-efficacy-with-different-irrigation-times-for-the-treatment-of-suppurative-knee-arthritis-in-elder-patients
#12
Yi Yuan, Hai-Jun Zhang, Bo Zhang, Hao Luo, Chao Yang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the curative effect of arthroscopy-assisted irrigation with different times for the treatment of suppurative knee arthritis in elder patients. METHODS: From October 2012 to October 2014, 23 old patients with suppurative knee arthritis were treated with arthroscopic debridement and continuous irrigation. All the patients were randomly divided into two groups:one-week irrigation group (10 cases) and two-week irrigation group(13 cases). The ESR, CRP, recovery time of knee skin temperature, joint rang of motion and knee function were observed to evaluate the therapeutic effects...
April 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347012/steady-diffusion-in-a-drift-field-a-comparison-of-large-deviation-techniques-and-multiple-scale-analysis
#13
Erik Aurell, Stefano Bo
A particle with internal unobserved states diffusing in a force field will generally display effective advection-diffusion. The drift velocity is proportional to the mobility averaged over the internal states, or effective mobility, while the effective diffusion has two terms. One is of the equilibrium type and satisfies an Einstein relation with the effective mobility while the other is quadratic in the applied force. In this contribution we present two new methods to obtain these results, on the one hand using large deviation techniques and on the other by a multiple-scale analysis, and compare the two...
September 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346586/plasflow-predicting-plasmid-sequences-in-metagenomic-data-using-genome-signatures
#14
Pawel S Krawczyk, Leszek Lipinski, Andrzej Dziembowski
Plasmids are mobile genetics elements that play an important role in the environmental adaptation of microorganisms. Although plasmids are usually analyzed in cultured microorganisms, there is a need for methods that allow for the analysis of pools of plasmids (plasmidomes) in environmental samples. To that end, several molecular biology and bioinformatics methods have been developed; however, they are limited to environments with low diversity and cannot recover large plasmids. Here, we present PlasFlow, a novel tool based on genomic signatures that employs a neural network approach for identification of bacterial plasmid sequences in environmental samples...
January 13, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346081/reported-balance-confidence-and-movement-reinvestment-of-younger-knee-replacement-patients-are-more-like-younger-healthy-individuals-than-older-patients
#15
Brian D Street, Allan Adkin, William Gage
This study focused on differences between the rapidly growing younger (<65 years old) and older (>65 years old) total knee replacement (TKR) patients for measures of balance confidence, movement reinvestment, and functional mobility. Fifty-nine participants, including twenty-nine primary unilateral TKR patients (six months post-TKR) formed the four experimental groups: 1) Younger TKR Patient (YP), 2) Younger Control (YC), 3) Older TKR Patient (OP), and 4) Older Control (OC). The Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), the Oxford Knee Score (OKS), Activities-specific Balance Confidence scale (ABC), the Movement-Specific Reinvestment Scale (MSRS), and the Timed Up and Go (TUG) test were measured...
January 11, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345750/mobility-trajectories-at-the-end-of-life-comparing-clinical-condition-and-latent-class-approaches
#16
June R Lunney, Steven M Albert, Robert Boudreau, Diane Ives, Suzanne Satterfield, Anne B Newman, Tamara Harris
OBJECTIVES: To assess mobility disability trajectories before death in a large sample of very old adults using two analytical approaches to determine how well they corresponded. DESIGN: Decedent sample from the Health, Aging and Body Composition (Health ABC) Study. Data were collected between 1997 and 2015. SETTING: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and Memphis, Tennessee. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals randomly selected from well-functioning white Medicare beneficiaries and all black community residents meeting age criteria (70-79) (N = 3,075)...
January 18, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345471/synthesis-and-properties-of-dithiafulvenyl-functionalized-spiro-fluorene-9-9-xanthene-molecules
#17
Min Wu, Juan Li, Ruqin Zhang, Xia Tian, Zhaoxiang Han, Xiaoqing Lu, Kunpeng Guo, Zhike Liu, Zhongqiang Wang
Two spiroannulated molecular structures with dithiafulvenyl units functionalized at the 2,2',7,7'- (SFX-DTF1) and 2,3',6,'7- (SFX-DTF2) positions of a spiro[fluorene-9,9'-xanthene] core were synthesized. Studies revealed the hole mobility was significantly influenced by the dithiafulvenyl functionalized positions in the molecular structure. To explore their primary applications as hole-transporting materials in perovskite solar cells, SFX-DTF1-based devices exhibited a power conversion efficiency of 10.67% without the use of p-type dopants, yielding good air stability...
January 18, 2018: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345224/therapy-interventions-for-children-with-neurodisabilities-a-qualitative-scoping-study
#18
Bryony Beresford, Susan Clarke, Jane Maddison
BACKGROUND: Therapy interventions emerged four times in the top 10 research priorities in a James Lind Alliance research prioritisation exercise for children with neurodisabilities (Morris C, Simkiss D, Busk M, Morris M, Allard A, Denness J, et al. Setting research priorities to improve the health of children and young people with neurodisability: a British Academy of Childhood Disability-James Lind Alliance Research Priority Setting Partnership. BMJ Open 2015;5:e006233). The National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) commissioned this study as part of an information-gathering exercise in response to this...
January 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345059/microrna-networks-associated-with-active-systemic-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-regulate-cd163-expression-and-anti-inflammatory-functions-in-macrophages-through-two-distinct-mechanisms
#19
Thuy Do, Rachel Tan, Mark Bennett, Mario Medvedovic, Alexei A Grom, Nan Shen, Sherry Thornton, Grant S Schulert
Systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (SJIA) is a severe childhood arthropathy with features of autoinflammation. Monocytes and macrophages in SJIA have a complex phenotype with both pro- and anti-inflammatory properties that combine features of several well characterized in vitro conditions used to activate macrophages. An important anti-inflammatory phenotype is expression of CD163, a scavenger receptor that sequesters toxic pro-inflammatory complexes that is highly expressed in both active SJIA and macrophage activation syndrome (MAS)...
January 2018: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345000/cell-death-under-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-control-in-prostate-cancer-therapeutic-response
#20
REVIEW
Diane Begemann, Harry Anastos, Natasha Kyprianou
Prostate cancer is a widespread problem among men, with >160 000 new cases in 2017 alone. Androgen deprivation therapy is commonly used in prostate cancer treatment to block androgens required for cancer growth, but disease relapse after androgen deprivation therapy is both common and severe. Changes in androgen receptor signaling from androgen deprivation therapy have been linked to therapeutic resistance and tumor progression. Resistant cells can become reprogrammed to undergo epithelial-mesenchymal transition, a phenotypic switch from benign, epithelial cells to a mobile cell with mesenchymal traits...
January 17, 2018: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
keyword
keyword
88835
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"