keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Spinous

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325320/-anatomy-research-of-cervical-laminoplasty-with-preservation-of-the-posterior-ligament-complex
#1
H R Zhao, B S Xu, P F Shao, J J Xia, Q Zhang, W H Zhang
Objective: To evaluate the feasibility of cervical laminoplasty with preservation of the posterior ligament complex for enlarging the spinal canal. Methods: Six up-to-standard human corpse specimens were divided into two groups by simple randomization (start from C4 group, S4; start from C5 group, S5; 3 corpses in each group). Decompression operation of C3-C6 level was performed in a predetermined sequence by using the new procedure with preservation of the posterior ligament complex.The basic depth of spinal canal was measured with a depth gauge at fixed point after the right bone groove of single level was completed...
December 19, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322504/a-randomised-controlled-trial-comparing-needle-movements-during-combined-spinal-epidural-anaesthesia-with-and-without-ultrasound-assistance
#2
A Chin, B Crooke, L Heywood, R Brijball, A M Pelecanos, W Abeypala
Ultrasound assistance for neuraxial techniques may improve technical performance; however, it is unclear which populations benefit most. Our study aimed to investigate the efficacy of neuraxial ultrasound in women having caesarean section with combined spinal-epidural anaesthesia, and to identify factors associated with improved technical performance. Two-hundred and eighteen women were randomly allocated to ultrasound-assisted or control groups. All the women had a pre-procedure ultrasound, but only women in the ultrasound group had this information conveyed to the anaesthetist...
January 10, 2018: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298468/radiographic-position-of-the-electrode-as-a-predictor-of-the-outcome-of-interstim-therapy
#3
Abdullah Ahmed Gahzi, Mai Ahmed Banakhar, Dean S Elterman, Magdy Hassouna
PURPOSE: Sacral neuromodulation (SNM) therapy is indicated for some refractory urological conditions. The electrode lead position in sacral x-rays during routine follow-up may predict the outcome of SNM therapy. To determine whether the radiographic position of the electrode in the sacral foramen predicted the long-term outcome of SNM therapy. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of patients who underwent InterStim SNM at Toronto Western Hospital by 2 surgeons from July 2013 to March 2014...
December 2017: International Neurourology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245687/a-new-species-of-i-chiridota-i-echinodermata-holothuroidea-apodida-chiridotidae-from-japan-and-first-record-of-i-c-rigida-i-from-japan
#4
Yusuke Yamana, Hayato Tanaka
A new apodid sea cucumber, Chiridota impatiens sp. nov., is described from the intertidal zone of Okinawa, Japan, and C. rigida Semper, 1867 is also described from the intertidal zone of Wakayama, as new to Japan. C. impatiens sp. nov. is approximately 60-70 mm, with 12 tentacles and 4-7 pairs of digits per tentacle, red or reddish brown in living specimens. The tentacles contain curved rod ossicles, with spinous processes and many branches in C. rigida, however, in C. impatiens sp. nov., the curved rod ossicles are crescent-shaped, sometimes distally, with spinous processes and rarely a few branches on the circumference...
October 31, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245569/a-taxonomic-revision-of-the-genus-i-apostichopus-i-holothuroidea-stichopodidae-from-japan
#5
Sau Pinn Woo, Akito Ogawa, Shau Hwai Tan, Zulfigar Yasin, Hiroshi Kajihara, Toshihiko Fujita
Complete redescriptions of sea cucumbers in the genus Apostichopus Liao, 1980 are provided using the type specimens and specimens deposited in the National Museum of Nature and Science, Tsukuba, Japan. The genus consists of A. armatus (Selenka, 1867) and A. japonicus (Selenka, 1867), which can be distinguished by some spicules in the dorsal body wall; the rim of reduced table spicules in A. armatus is spinous, while that in A. japonicus is smooth. Spicules from the tentacles, papillae, tube feet, and cloaca are similar for both species...
November 16, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243238/dorsal-surgical-stabilisation-using-tension-bands-for-treatment-of-traumatic-atlanto-occipital-instability-in-a-cat
#6
B Vedrine, M P Maurin
CASE REPORT: An atlanto-occipital instability secondary to a dog bite was diagnosed in a 4-year-old Persian cat. Dorsal stabilisation of the instability was made with two OrthoFiber prostheses (Securos), which were used as tension bands between the nuchal crests of the occipital bone and the spinous process of the axis. Total recovery was achieved 4 days after surgery. Normal alignment of the atlanto-occipital joint was observed on survey radiographs taken 6 weeks post-surgery. Although the right loop had failed, the alignment was still normal and no neurological after-effects could be identified...
December 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233724/caprine-neonatal-spinal-ultrasonography
#7
Elham A Hassan, Khaled M Ali, Faisal A Torad
Spinal ultrasonography is a safe, rapid, and non-invasive diagnostic tool that allows visualization of the spinal cord and its surrounding meninges. The non-ossified spinous processes were used as an acoustic window for imaging the spinal cord in human and canine neonates. No available literatures have been published describing the ultrasonographic appearance of caprine neonatal spinal cord. The present study was performed on 20 one day-old goat kids. Sagittal and transverse ultrasound scans were obtained using 8MHz linear transducer...
December 9, 2017: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231345/-research-progress-of-shenshu-bl-23
#8
Shan Gao, Rui Li, Huanhuan Tian
In order to accurately understand the location of Shenshu (BL 23) and to improve the efficacy of acupuncture, a discussion is performed in this paper from aspects of acupoint function, anatomical structure, experiment research, clinical application, etc., hoping to provide benefit for future animal experiments and clinical selection of acupoint. The characteristics of rat spine is different from that of human, and the reliability and authenticity of acupoint location would be compromised if the anatomical characteristics of human was inflexibly applied on animals...
August 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229061/accuracy-of-a-radiological-evaluation-method-for-thoracic-and-lumbar-spinal-curvatures-using-spinous-processes
#9
Bárbara V Marchetti, Cláudia T Candotti, Eduardo G Raupp, Eduardo B C Oliveira, Tássia S Furlanetto, Jefferson F Loss
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess a radiographic method for spinal curvature evaluation in children, based on spinous processes, and identify its normality limits. METHODS: The sample consisted of 90 radiographic examinations of the spines of children in the sagittal plane. Thoracic and lumbar curvatures were evaluated using angular (apex angle [AA]) and linear (sagittal arrow [SA]) measurements based on the spinous processes. The same curvatures were also evaluated using the Cobb angle (CA) method, which is considered the gold standard...
November 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229060/development-and-validation-of-prediction-equations-for-spinal-curve-angles-based-on-skin-surface-measurements
#10
Tássia S Furlanetto, Eduardo B C de Oliveira, Cláudia T Candotti, Adriane Vieira, Paula V de Mesquita, Isis J R L Navarro, Jefferson F Loss
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to develop, assess the reliability of, and validate prediction equations that estimate the sagittal curves of the spine from the skin surface. METHODS: Forty digital panoramic radiographs were used to develop the prediction equation, and 59 radiographs were used to assess reliability and validate the equations. For evaluation of the thoracic and lumbar curves, anatomical reference points were marked on the vertebral body, spinous process, and skin surface at the C6, C7, T2, T4, T6, T8, T10, T12, L2, L4, and S2 vertebrae...
November 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218392/unusual-circumstances-to-diagnose-cervical-pott-s-disease
#11
Mohamed Ali Kedous, Ahmed Msakni, Wael Chebbi, Mourad Zaraa, Mohsen Trabelsi
Tuberculous spondylodiscitis usually affects the dorso-lumbar spine, and its cervical location is a rare condition that can mimic other diseases and consequently cause treatment delays. We report a case of tuberculous spondylodiscitis of the lower cervical spine discovered under unusual circumstances in a patient with severe polytrauma involving a cranio-cerebral trauma, a non-displaced fracture of the two laminæ and the spinous process of the C6 vertebrae as well as fibular and tibial shaft fractures. The patient underwent static tibial nailing, and a collar with occipital and chin supports was applied...
December 7, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211872/misplacement-of-stent-into-epidural-venous-plexus-with-resultant-cauda-equina-syndrome-and-open-surgical-treatment-a-case-report
#12
Benjamin B Whiting, Celene B Mulholland, Lorin Daniels, U Kumar Kakarla, Nicholas Theodore, Laura A Snyder
BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE: Endovascular therapy has proven to be a safe, minimally invasive treatment for multiple etiologies, but proper precautions must be taken to avoid complications. When complications occur, they should be promptly identified and corrected when possible. This case report describes endovascular stents misplaced into the epidural spinous venous plexus rather than the iliofemoral arteries, causing cauda equina syndrome, as well as the spinal procedure performed to treat the resulting spinal canal compression...
December 2, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202505/incidence-of-abnormalities-of-the-second-and-third-cervical-vertebral-junction-in-dogs-with-atlantoaxial-instability-a-multicentre-study
#13
M Schneider, M Waschk, M C Precht, C Nathues, P Moissonnier, T Aikawa, D Schnötzinger, M Schmidt, D Garosi, F Forterre
Objective To evaluate the occurrence and frequency of abnormalities at the second and third cervical vertebral junction (C2/3) in dogs with and without atlantoaxial instability (AAI). Study Design Retrospective multi-institutional case-controlled case series. Animals One hundred and seventeen dogs with AAI and 117 dogs without AAI. Methods Radiographs, together with computer tomographic images or magnetic resonance images or both, of the cranial cervical spine of dogs were reviewed for the presence or absence of intervertebral disc-related anomalies, osseous fusion of the vertebrae, spondylosis, or any other anomaly of the C2/3...
November 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201300/the-validation-of-ultrasound-guided-target-segment-identification-in-thoracic-spine-as-confirmed-by-fluoroscopy
#14
Ju-Yeong Heo, Ji-Won Lee, Cheol-Hwan Kim, Sang-Min Lee, Yong-Soo Choi
Background: The role of ultrasound in the thoracic spine has been underappreciated, partly because of the relative efficacy of the landmark-guided technique and the limitation of imaging through the narrow acoustic windows produced by the bony framework of thoracic spine. The aim of this study was to make a comparison between the 12th rib and the spinous process of C7 as a landmark for effective ultrasound-guided target segment identification in the thoracic spine. Methods: Ultrasonography of 44 thoracic spines was performed and the same procedure was carried out 1 week later again...
December 2017: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174210/ultrasound-guided-spinal-catheter-insertion-in-piglet-preliminary-results
#15
Noemi Romagnoli, Carlotta Lambertini, Domenico Ventrella, Dario Floriano, Alberto Elmi, Francesca Barone, Maria L Bacci
OBJECTIVE: To describe the ultrasound (US) evaluation of the cervical, thoracic and lumbar spinal tracts in piglets and to evaluate the feasibility of the ultrasound guided spinal catheter placement in newborn and paediatric piglets. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective experimental study. ANIMALS: A total of two piglet cadavers (age, 7 and 14 days) and eight commercial crossbreed piglets divided into four groups according to age: 7 (P7), 14 (P14), 21 (P21) and 28 (P28) days...
June 7, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115643/differential-expression-of-cyclin-d1-ki%C3%A2-67-prb-and-p53-in-psoriatic-skin-lesions-and-normal-skin
#16
Sung Ae Kim, Young Wook Ryu, Jun Il Kwon, Mi Sun Choe, Jin Woong Jung, Jae We Cho
Psoriasis is a hyperproliferative inflammatory skin disease; therefore, it is highly likely that psoriatic skin lesions may transform into malignancies. However, malignant transformation is not common. We performed immunohistochemical studies using anti‑cyclin D1, anti‑cyclin E, anti‑pRb, anti‑p53, anti‑p16INK4a, and anti‑Ki‑67 antibodies in normal skin, psoriatic epidermal tissue, and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) tissue. Furthermore, western blot analysis and immunohistochemical staining were performed to ascertain differences in cyclin D1, cyclin E, pRb, and Ki‑67 expression before and after treatment for psoriasis...
November 8, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097948/clinical-evaluation-of-scapular-positioning-in-patients-with-nonspecific-chronic-low-back-pain-a-case-control-study
#17
Shohreh Taghizadeh, Soraya Pirouzi, Ladan Hemmati, Fereshteh Khaledi, Aref Sadat
Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the position of scapula in patients with nonspecific chronic low back pain. Methods: A total of 17 participants with a history of nonspecific chronic low back pain and 17 healthy participants in the same age, sex, and weight range were enrolled in this case-control study. Lateral scapular slide test and Lennie test were used for clinical evaluation of scapular position in the frontal plane using a tape measure...
September 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079964/activation-of-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-pathway-in-basal-parabasal-layers-of-normal-cervical-epithelium-comparable-during-development-of-uterine-cervical-carcinoma
#18
Chandraditya Chakraborty, Sudip Samadder, Anirban Roychowdhury, Anup Roy, Pradip Das, Ranajit Kumar Mandal, Susanta Roychoudhury, Chinmay Kumar Panda
In this study, importance of Wnt-β-catenin pathway in the development of uterine cervical carcinoma was evaluated. For this purpose, the profiles (expression/methylation/deletion) of β-catenin, p-β-catenin (Y654), Wnt3a, and APC were studied in disease free normal cervical epithelium (n = 9), adjacent normal cervical epithelium of primary tumors (n = 70), CIN (n = 28), CACX (n = 102) samples, and two CACX cell lines (HeLa and SiHa). Immunohistochemical analysis revealed high/medium (74-95%) expression of β-catenin/p-β-catenin (Y654) and Wnt3a and low expression (23-26%) of APC in proliferating basal-parabasal layers contrary to differentiated spinous layer in normal cervix irrespective of HPV16 infection...
October 27, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075183/the-role-of-functional-neuroanatomy-of-the-lumbar-spinal-cord-in-effect-of-epidural-stimulation
#19
Carlos A Cuellar, Aldo A Mendez, Riazul Islam, Jonathan S Calvert, Peter J Grahn, Bruce Knudsen, Tuan Pham, Kendall H Lee, Igor A Lavrov
In this study, the neuroanatomy of the swine lumbar spinal cord, particularly the spatial orientation of dorsal roots was correlated to the anatomical landmarks of the lumbar spine and to the magnitude of motor evoked potentials during epidural electrical stimulation (EES). We found that the proximity of the stimulating electrode to the dorsal roots entry zone across spinal segments was a critical factor to evoke higher peak-to-peak motor responses. Positioning the electrode close to the dorsal roots produced a significantly higher impact on motor evoked responses than rostro-caudal shift of electrode from segment to segment...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroanatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074318/pedicle-screws-with-modular-head-vs-preassembled-head-used-in-cortical-bone-trajectory-can-pars-and-pedicle-fractures-be-prevented-in-osteoporotic-bone
#20
Wayne K Cheng, Yusuf T Akpolat, Serkan İnceoğlu, Olumide A Danisa
Pars and pedicle fractures as a result of CBT (cortical bone trajectory) during pedicle screw placement have been reported. The primary aim of the study is to compare the fracture rate between screws with modular heads to screws with standard pre-assembled tulip heads. The secondary aim of the study is to determine the potential variables that can be identified prior to instrumentation in order to predict risk of fractures. Twenty-four fresh frozen lumbar vertebrae were obtained from five different cadavers...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
keyword
keyword
88831
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"