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F Thierry, K Bradley, C Warren-Smith
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of impinged spinous processes in asymptomatic dogs. METHODS: One hundred and ninety lateral thoracic radiographs of asymptomatic dogs radiographed for reasons other than spinal pain, were retrospectively reviewed by two board-certified radiologists. Images were assessed for impinged spinous processes and graded for narrowing, sclerosis or remodelling of the spinous processes. RESULTS: The prevalence of impinged spinous processes in unaffected dogs was 33·2%...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
Yasuaki Imajo, Tsukasa Kanchiku, Hidenori Suzuki, Masahiro Funaba, Norihiro Nishida, Kazuhiro Fujimoto, Toshihiko Taguchi
INTRODUCTION: Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) typically presents with neurogenic intermittent claudication (NIC). The aim is to investigate cauda equina conduction time (CECT) in patients with NIC caused by LSS and its relationship with age and body height in normal subjects. METHODS: The study included 172 normal subjects (mean age 44.1 ± 16.6 years; mean height 163.7 ± 8.9 cm). (Group C) 47 patients (mean age 71.3 ± 8.7 years; mean height 158.8 ± 11.2 cm) underwent surgery due to NIC in cauda equina type for LSS...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
Xenofon Baraliakos, Frank Heldmann, Johanna Callhoff, Ravi Suppiah, Fiona Marion McQueen, Dietmar Krause, Claudia Klink, Elmar Schmitz-Bortz, Manfred Igelmann, Ludwig Kalthoff, Uta Kiltz, Anna Schmuedderich, Juergen Braun
OBJECTIVE: Neck pain is common in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and ankylosing spondylitis (AS). We investigated the correlation of bone marrow edema (BME) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in RA and AS and its association with clinical complaints of neck pain. METHODS: Cervical spine short-tau inversion recovery-MRI and T1w-MRI of 34 patients with RA and 6 patients with AS complaining about neck pain were obtained. Clinical and laboratory data were available. BME was scored by 2 blinded readers using a modification of a published score, including various cervical sites...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Rheumatology
Lalit Mehra, Anita Tuli, Shashi Raheja
The muscle trapezius shows considerable morphological diversity. Variations include an anomalous origin and complete or partial absence of the muscle. The present study reported, a hitherto undocumented complete bilateral absence of the cervical part of trapezius. Based on its peculiar origin and insertion, it was named dorsoscapularis triangularis. The embryological, phylogenetic and molecular basis of the anomaly was elucidated. Failure of cranial migration of the trapezius component of the branchial musculature anlage to gain attachment on the occipital bone, cervical spinous processes, ligamentum nuchae between 11 mm and 16 mm stage of the embryo, resulted in this anomaly...
September 2016: Anatomy & Cell Biology
Sangeetha Jeevan Kumar, S P Nehru Anand, Nandhini Gunasekaran, Rajkumar Krishnan
Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is a chronic, autoimmune, intraepidermal blistering disease of the skin and mucous membranes. The initial clinical manifestation is frequently the development of intraoral lesions, and later, the lesions involve the other mucous membranes and skin. The etiology of this disease still remains obscure although the presence of autoantibodies is consistent with an autoimmune disease. These antibodies are targeted against the adhesion proteins of keratinocytes, leading to acantholysis (disruption of spinous layer, leading to intraepidermal clefting) and blister formation...
September 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Sei Yano, Yasuchika Aoki, Atsuya Watanabe, Takayuki Nakajima, Makoto Takazawa, Hiroyuki Hirasawa, Kazuhisa Takahashi, Koichi Nakagawa, Arata Nakajima, Hiroshi Takahashi, Sumihisa Orita, Yawara Eguchi, Takane Suzuki, Seiji Ohtori
Pelvic ring fractures are defined as life-threatening injuries that can be treated surgically with external or internal fixation. The authors report on an 81-year-old woman with an unstable pelvic fracture accompanying multiple traumas that was successfully treated with a less invasive procedure. The patient was injured in a traffic accident and sustained a total of 20 fractures, including pelvic ring, bilateral rib, and lumbar transverse processes fractures, and multiple fractures of both upper and lower extremities...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
Eun Hee Chun, Jee Eun Kim, Dong Yeon Kim, Youn Jin Kim, Jong Hak Kim, Rack Kyung Chung, Jong In Han
BACKGROUND: It would be imprecise to generalize the vertebral level determined by palpation to patients of all ages. The purpose of this study was to compare the vertebral level passed by Tuffier's line in elderly women with that passed in adult women using ultrasound in the left lateral decubitus flexed position. METHODS: We enrolled 50 female patients over the age of 65 (elderly group) and 50 female patients between ages 20 and 50 (control group) who had been scheduled to undergo spinal anesthesia...
October 2016: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
Isabelle Pagé, Martin Descarreaux, Stéphane Sobczak
Palpation methods (PMs) have been proposed to guide clinicians in locating the thoracic transverse processes (TTPs). However, no studies have assessed the validity of TTPs palpation or the added value of musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSU). The objectives of the present study were (1) to explore the validity of TTPs location using palpation as commonly performed by clinicians, (2) to develop an accurate and valid PM, and (3) to assess the added value of MSU. A standardized procedure was used on six cadavers. It consisted in the insertion of markers through the T3, T5, T6 and T8 TTPs and spinous processes, which were identified using palpation and MSU...
September 20, 2016: Manual Therapy
Suryapratap Singh
Baastrup's disease is an uncommon entity in the elderly spine and it is very rare in the pediatric age group. There are only few case reports in the literature containing Baastrup's disease in pediatric spine. Baastrup's disease is also known as kissing spine because the posterior spinous processes touch or "kiss" one another, characterized by enlarged posterior spinous projections with normal neuroforamina and normal spinal disk height. There are various pathological and etiological hypotheses behind Baastrup's disease...
October 2016: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
Emmanuelle Chaleat-Valayer, Agnès Troncy, Marion Montané, Soline Bellaiche, Eric Berthonnaud
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this preliminary study is to analyze the biomechanical strategies of spine, pelvis and lower limbs (LL) with tridimensional motion analysis during stand-to-sit task, an understudied movement in the literature, however, source of questioning in clinical practice. OBSERVATIONS: One female and one male, healthy participants, (respectively 28 and 48 years old) were included without history of pathology and with normal pelvic incidences. Participants performed stand-to-sit movements on a stool without using their hands...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Moon Hee Jung, Sang-Myung Jung, Hwa Sung Shin
Artificial skin or skin equivalents have been used for clinical purpose to skin graft and as substitutes for animal experiments. The culture of cell lines such as HaCaT has the potential to produce large amounts of artificial skin at a low cost. However, there is a limit to keratinization due to the restriction of differentiation in HaCaT. In this study, a culture device that mimics the in vivo keratinization mechanism, co-stimulated by air-exposure and mechanical stimulation, was developed to construct skin equivalents...
September 27, 2016: Scientific Reports
Mary C Hannah, Janet Cope, Alec Palermo, Walker Smith, Valerie Wacker
STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive comparison study. OBJECTIVE: To assess the accuracy of two needle angle approaches for dry needling of the lumbar multifidus. BACKGROUND: Low back pain is a leading cause of disability around the world; the lumbar multifidus plays a vital role in low back health. Manual therapy such as dry needling can improve pain mediation and motor control activation of the lumbar multifidus. Clinicians practicing dry needling at the lumbar multifidus typically use an inferomedial approach considered non-controversial...
September 4, 2016: Manual Therapy
Kara Marie Hessel, Erich Wessel, Anthony Olinger, Barth W Wright
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to identify the Anterior and Posterior Extralaryngeal branches (AELB, PELB) of the Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve (RLN), measure these branches when present, and determine relationships between gender, sidedness and neck length. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dissection was completed to level of the thyroid on 45 cadavers. The course of the RLN was then traced superiorly from its entry into the neck. Careful reflection of the thyroid and dissection of the lateral thyroid ligament permitted visualization of the full course of the nerve...
September 26, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
L Mazzone, M Pratsinis, L Pontiggia, E Reichmann, M Meuli
PURPOSE: Fetal repair of spina bifida results in improved outcomes and has therefore become a standard clinical procedure in some highly specialized centers. However, optimization of the procedure technique and timing is needed. Both might be achieved by facilitating the procedure using laboratory-grown fetal skin substitutes. The aim of this study was therefore to test in vivo the suitability of such a fetal skin substitute for an in utero application. METHODS: Collagen-based hydrogels containing fetal ovine fibroblasts were seeded with fetal ovine keratinocytes and transplanted on immuno-incompetent nu/nu rats...
September 20, 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
M Creaney, D Mullane, C Casby, T Tan
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound can facilitate neuraxial blockade in patients with poorly defined anatomical surface landmarks, but there are no studies comparing an ultrasound-guided technique with landmark palpation for spinal anaesthesia. The objective of this study was to compare pre-procedural lumbar ultrasonography with landmark palpation to locate the needle insertion point in women with impalpable lumbar spinous processes presenting for caesarean delivery. METHODS: After institutional ethics committee approval, 20 women with impalpable lumbar spinous processes presenting for elective caesarean delivery were recruited...
July 20, 2016: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
Pravin Padalkar
UNLABELLED: Atlantoaxial rotatory fixation (AARF) is a rare condition and delayed diagnosis. We report a case of chronic neglected atlantoaxial rotatory subluxation in adolescence child that was treated by serial skull traction followed by posterior fusing by method pioneered by Goel et al. A 15-year-old male presented with signs of high cervical myelopathy 2 years after trauma to neck childhood. There was upper cervical kyphosis, direct tenderness over C2 spinous process, atrophy of both hand muscles with weakness in grip strength...
July 2016: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
Michio Tojima, Naoshi Ogata, Haruhi Inokuchi, Nobuhiko Haga
[Purpose] To examine the variations in the lumbopelvic rhythm and lumbar-hip ratio in the frontal plane. [Subjects and Methods] Markers were placed on the T10 and T12 spinous processes, bilateral paravertebral muscles at the T11 level, the pelvis, and the femur. Lumbar spine and hip angles were measured during lateral trunk bending using three-dimensional motion analysis. Data from the trunk lateral bending movement were categorized into descending (start of hip movement to when the hip angle reached its maximum value) and ascending (from the maximum hip angle to the end of movement) phases...
August 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Dong Dong, Xinzheng Li, Yadong Zhou, Chunsheng Wang
A new species, Munidopsis militaris n. sp., from the Carlsberg Ridge, Northwest Indian Ocean Ridge is described herein. The species belongs to a group of species having a pair of epigastric spines, mesial and lateral eye-spines, abdominal tergites unarmed, five or six spines on the lateral margin of the carapace, and a denticulate carina on the distolateral margin of the P1 fixed finger. It can be distinguished from its relatives by the spinous lateral margin of the palm and dorsal carinae on the P2-4 propodus...
2016: Zootaxa
Rajesh V Patel, Brandon A Van Noord, Dakshesh Patel, Elizabeth J Hong, Eric Bourne, Reema R Patel, Janak Chandrasoma, Linda Chan, Janos Szenohradszki, Philip D Lumb
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the true inclination angle of the main bronchi relative to the median sagittal plane, using CT imaging to help increase accuracy of double-lumen tube (DLT) placement. DESIGN: In this retrospective study, 2 investigators independently measured normal chest CT scans from 50 male and 50 female patients. To determine the true AP axis, a mid-sagittal plane reference line (MSPRL) was drawn, intersecting the midsternum and the vertebral spinous process at the level of mid-carina...
June 17, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Abdulfettah Tümtürk, Ahmet Küçük, Ahmet Menkü, Rahmi Kemal Koç
AIM: We have aimed to evaluate the clinical success of the en bloc laminoplasty and impact of the arcocristectomy on postoperative axial pain of the patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective review of 81 patients with CSM who underwent an en bloc cervical laminoplasty with preserving posterior structure of the cervical spine during the period from 2007 to 2014 was performed. Arcocristectomy was performed if C6-7 level included to surgery...
March 28, 2016: Turkish Neurosurgery
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