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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142450/autologous-intrauterine-platelet-rich-plasma-instillation-for-suboptimal-endometrium-in-frozen-embryo-transfer-cycles-a-pilot-study
#1
Sunita R Tandulwadkar, Manasi V Naralkar, Akash D Surana, M Selvakarthick, Avinash H Kharat
Introduction: This pilot study was to evaluate the effectiveness of intrauterine infusion of autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in infertile women undergoing frozen embryo transfer cycles with suboptimal endometrium. Material and Methods: Intrauterine instillation of autologous PRP was done in 68 women between 22 and 40 years, over 8 months, with suboptimal endometrial growth, and patients with repeated cycle cancellations, in addition to Estradiol valerate. Frozen embryo transfer was performed when the endometrium reached an optimal pattern in terms of thickness, appearance, and vascularity...
July 2017: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091916/stakeholder-s-experiences-expectations-and-decision-making-on-reproductive-care-an-ethnographic-study-of-three-districts-in-northern-ghana
#2
Martin Amogre Ayanore, Milena Pavlova, Regien Biesma, Wim Groot
BACKGROUND: In Ghana, priority-setting for reproductive health service interventions is known to be rudimentary with little wider stakeholder involvement. In recognizing the need for broad stakeholder engagement to advance reproductive care provision and utilization, it is necessary to jointly study the varied stakeholder views on reproductive care services. METHODS: We applied an ethnographic study approach where field data was collected between March-May 2015 in three rural districts of northern Ghana...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081648/resident-performed-laser-peripheral-iridotomy-in-primary-angle-closure-primary-angle-closure-suspects-and-primary-angle-closure-glaucoma
#3
Jason P Kam, Emily M Zepeda, Leona Ding, Joanne C Wen
PURPOSE: To investigate the power use and complication frequency of resident-performed laser peripheral iridotomy (LPI). METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 196 eyes from 103 patients who underwent neodymium: yttrium-aluminum-garnet laser iridotomy performed by resident physicians from January 1, 2010 through April 30, 2015 at a university-based county hospital was done. All patients were treated for primary angle closure, primary angle closure suspects, and primary angle closure glaucoma...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074080/risk-of-complication-during-surgical-abortion-in-obese-women
#4
Katrina S Mark, Barbara Bragg, Tara Talaie, Kiran Chawla, Latasha Murphy, Mishka Terplan
BACKGROUND: ••••. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether obesity is a risk factor for major complications in surgical abortions. METHODS: A quality control database from a single outpatient center was analyzed to determine rates of major complications during surgical abortions in relation to obesity class. Complications included hemorrhage, need for repeat evacuation, uterine perforation, cervical laceration, medication reaction, unexpected surgery, or unplanned admission to the hospital...
October 24, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074047/outcomes-of-surgical-intervention-for-anomalous-aortic-origin-of-a-coronary-artery-a-large-contemporary-prospective-cohort-study
#5
Carlos M Mery, Luis E De León, Silvana Molossi, S Kristen Sexson-Tejtel, Hitesh Agrawal, Rajesh Krishnamurthy, Prakash Masand, Athar M Qureshi, E Dean McKenzie, Charles D Fraser
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to prospectively analyze the outcomes of patients with anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery undergoing surgical intervention according to a standardized management algorithm. METHODS: All patients aged 2 to 18 years undergoing surgical intervention for anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery between December 2012 and April 2017 were prospectively included. Patients underwent stress nuclear perfusion imaging, stress cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, and retrospectively electrocardiogram-gated computed tomography angiography preoperatively...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064352/seroprevalence-of-anti-toxoplasma-gondii-antibodies-among-lebanese-pregnant-women
#6
Hasan Nahouli, Nour El Arnaout, Elias Chalhoub, Elie Anastadiadis, Hiba El Hajj
OBJECTIVE: Toxoplasma gondii, the causative agent of toxoplasmosis, is a zoonotic obligate intracellular protozoan parasite responsible for the infection of almost one-third of the world's population. T. gondii is particularly threatening for primo-infected pregnant women and may lead, following vertical transplacental transmission, to spontaneous abortion, miscarriage, or severe manifestations in the newborn. The aim of this study was to provide an updated estimate of the seroprevalence of anti-T...
October 24, 2017: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054962/expanded-alleles-of-the-fmr1-gene-are-related-to-unexplained-recurrent-miscarriages
#7
Xin-Hua Wang, Xiao-Hua Song, Tong Li, Xing-Hua Diao, Qing-Chun Li, Xiang-Hui Zhang, Yan-Lin Wang, Xiao-Hui Deng
Up to 50% of recurrent miscarriage cases in women occur without an underlying etiology. In the current prospective case-control study, we determined the impact of CGG trinucleotide expansions of the FMR1 gene in 49 women with unexplained recurrent miscarriages. Case group consisted of women with 2 or more unexplained consecutive miscarriages. Blood samples were obtained and checked for the presence of expanded alleles of the FMR1 gene using polymerase chain reaction. Patients harboring the expanded allele, with a threshold set to 40 repeats, were further evaluated by sequencing...
October 20, 2017: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045434/opportunities-challenges-and-systems-requirements-for-developing-post-abortion-family-planning-services-perceptions-of-service-stakeholders-in-china
#8
Hong Jiang, Jieshuang Xu, Esther Richards, Xu Qian, Weihong Zhang, Lina Hu, Shangchun Wu, Rachel Tolhurst
Post-abortion family planning (PAFP) has been proposed as a key strategy to decrease unintended pregnancy and repeat induced abortions. However, the accessibility and quality of PAFP services remain a challenge in many countries including China where more than 10 million unintended pregnancies occur each year. Most of these unwanted pregnancies end in repeated induced abortions. This paper aims to explore service providers' perceptions of the current situation regarding family planning and abortion service needs, provision, utilization, and the feasibility and acceptability of high quality PAFP in the future...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037561/repeated-pregnancy-with-concomitant-presence-of-ovarian-teratoma-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#9
Liang-Hsuan Chen, Shuenn-Dhy Chang, Hong-Yuan Huang, Hsin-Shih Wang, Yung-Kuei Soong, Hsien-Ming Wu
OBJECTIVE: Benign mature teratoma during pregnancy is common, mostly discovered incidentally by antenatal sonography. However, repeated pregnancy coincident with ovarian mature teratoma is rarely reported. The cases of teratoma with rapid growing characteristics are even more unique. CASE REPORT: A 17-year-old woman was pregnant at 6 weeks of gestation with a left ovarian teratoma. She underwent artificial abortion followed by surgical removal of the teratoma. However, eleven years after the surgery, a right ovarian teratoma was found incidentally by antepartum sonography at 21 weeks of gestation...
October 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027718/hypervascular-retained-product-of-conception-characteristic-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-possible-relationship-to-placental-polyp-and-pseudoaneurysm
#10
Yuji Shiina, Takatomo Itagaki, Hiroya Ohtake
The cases of two patients who developed myometrial vascularization following dilatation and curettage are described. In case 1, pathological diagnosis was possible with the resected specimens. This patient had hypervascular retained products of conception (RPOC). In case 2, the natural course of this pathological condition was observed, confirming a process of regression during repeated withdrawal bleeding. The three principal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in these cases were: (i) presence of a remnant; (ii) breaking of the junctional zone in contact with the remnant; and (iii) vascularization/flow voids infiltrating into the myometrium from the broken junctional zone...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026757/socio-clinical-profile-of-married-women-with-history-of-induced-abortion-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study-in-a-rural-area
#11
Sumitra Pattanaik, Lipilekha Patnaik, Arpita Subhadarshini, Trilochan Sahu
BACKGROUND: Induced abortion contributes significantly to maternal mortality in developing countries yet women still seek repeat induced abortion in spite of the availability of contraceptive services. OBJECTIVES: (1) To study the sociodemographic profile of abortion seekers. (2) To study the reasons for procuring abortions by married women of reproductive age group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was a cross-sectional community-based study. All the married women of reproductive age group (15-49 years) with a history of induced abortion were selected as the subjects...
January 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959195/prenatal-exposure-to-paint-thinner-alters-postnatal-development-and-behavior-in-mice
#12
Hanaa Malloul, Ferdaousse M Mahdani, Mohammed Bennis, Saadia Ba-M'hamed
Occupational exposure and sniffing of volatile organic solvents continue to be a worldwide health problem, raising the risk for teratogenic sequelae of maternal inhalant abuse. Real life exposures usually involve simultaneous exposures to multiple solvents, and almost all the abused solvents contain a mixture of two or more different volatile compounds. However, several studies examined the teratogenicity due to industrial exposure to a single volatile solvent but investigating the teratogenic potential of complex chemical mixture such as thinner remains unexplored...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942132/toxicological-evaluation-of-an-aqueous-suspension-from-leaves-and-stems-of-petiveria-alliacea-l-phytolaccaceae
#13
Martha-Estrella García-Pérez, Alfredo Alfonso-Castillo, Onel Fong Lores, Alexander Batista-Duharte, Zoe Lemus-Rodríguez
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Petiveria alliacea L. (Phytolaccaceae) is used in folk medicine due to its antispasmodic, diuretic, hypoglycemic, abortive, anti-inflammatory and anticancerogenic properties. Although P. alliacea is considered toxic by people, its toxicity remains a concern since it is strongly dependent on the extraction method and the part of the plant used during tests. Even if some healers prefer to use the aerial parts in a liquefied form or by chewing them, instead of decoctions or infusions, no toxicological studies exist using whole dried stems and leaves...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941615/multiplex-real-time-polymerase-chain-reaction-for-the-differential-detection-of-porcine-circovirus-2-and-3
#14
Hye-Ryung Kim, Yu-Ri Park, Da-Rae Lim, Min-Ji Park, Ji-Young Park, Seong-Hee Kim, Kyoung-Ki Lee, Young S Lyoo, Choi-Kyu Park
A multiplex quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (mqPCR) assay was developed for the rapid and differential detection of porcine circovirus 2 (PCV2) and PCV3. Each of the capsid genes of PCV2 and PCV3 were amplified using specific primers and probe sets, while no other porcine pathogen genes were detected. Limit of detection of the assay was below 50 copies of the target genes of PCV2 and PCV3, and was comparable to that of previously described methods The assay showed high repeatability and reproducibility, with coefficients of intra-assay and inter-assay variation of less than 4...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Virological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935219/medical-abortion-can-be-provided-safely-and-effectively-by-pharmacy-workers-trained-within-a-harm-reduction-framework-nepal
#15
Anand Tamang, Mahesh Puri, Sazina Masud, Deepak Kumar Karki, Diksha Khadka, Minal Singh, Poonam Sharma, Subash Gajurel
OBJECTIVES: To examine the treatment efficacy, safety and satisfaction of women using medical abortion (MA) pills provided by pharmacists following an education intervention based on a harm reduction approach. STUDY DESIGN: This was an operations research study over a six-month period in 2015, using a non-inferiority design. We provided training to dispense MA pills, based on a harm reduction approach, to a group of pharmacy workers in Makwanpur district (GROUP 2)...
September 18, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934391/homozygous-kidins220-loss-of-function-variants-in-fetuses-with-cerebral-ventriculomegaly-and-limb-contractures
#16
I-L Mero, H H Mørk, Y Sheng, A Blomhoff, G L Opheim, Aa Erichsen, M D Vigeland, K K Selmer
Heterozygous mutations in KIDINS220 were recently suggested a cause of spastic paraplegia, intellectual disability, nystagmus and obesity. All patients carried terminal nonsense de novo mutations that seemed to escape nonsense-mediated mRNA decay. The mechanism for pathogenicity is yet unexplained, as it seems that heterozygous loss-of-function variants of KIDINS220 are generally well tolerated. We present a consanguineous couple who experienced four pregnancy terminations due to repeated findings in the fetuses comprising enlarged cerebral ventricles and limb contractures...
October 1, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922538/women-s-experiences-of-more-than-one-termination-of-pregnancy-within-two-years-a%C3%A2-mixed-methods-study
#17
C Purcell, J Riddell, A Brown, S Cameron, C Melville, G Flett, Y Bhushan, L McDaid
OBJECTIVE: To examine the experiences of women seeking more than one termination of pregnancy (TOP) within 2 years. DESIGN: Mixed methods study. SETTING: Six TOP services across Scotland. SAMPLE: Women presenting for TOP between July and December 2015. METHODS: Descriptive and inferential analysis of quantitative survey data, thematic analysis of qualitative interview data and integrative analysis...
September 18, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917295/association-of-spontaneous-abortion-with-receipt-of-inactivated-influenza-vaccine-containing-h1n1pdm09-in-2010-11-and-2011-12
#18
James G Donahue, Burney A Kieke, Jennifer P King, Frank DeStefano, Maria A Mascola, Stephanie A Irving, T Craig Cheetham, Jason M Glanz, Lisa A Jackson, Nicola P Klein, Allison L Naleway, Eric Weintraub, Edward A Belongia
INTRODUCTION: Inactivated influenza vaccine is recommended in any stage of pregnancy, but evidence of safety in early pregnancy is limited, including for vaccines containing A/H1N1pdm2009 (pH1N1) antigen. We sought to determine if receipt of vaccine containing pH1N1 was associated with spontaneous abortion (SAB). METHODS: We conducted a case-control study over two influenza seasons (2010-11, 2011-12) in the Vaccine Safety Datalink. Cases had SAB and controls had live births or stillbirths and were matched on site, date of last menstrual period, and age...
September 25, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877731/hypoluteoidism-in-a-dog-associated-with-recurrent-mammary-fibroadenoma-stimulated-by-progestin-therapy
#19
Maria Teresa Zedda, Luisa Bogliolo, Elisabetta Antuofermo, Laura Falchi, Federica Ariu, Giovanni Pietro Burrai, Salvatore Pau
BACKGROUND: Hypoluteoidism in the bitch is characterized by insufficient production and secretion of progesterone by the corpora lutea. It is a rare pathologic condition and during pregnancy, it leads to embryonic resorption or fetal abortion. Supplementary therapy with progestins is indicated during pregnancy to obtain delivery of vital puppies but unwarranted side effects of such treatment are poorly documented. CASE PRESENTATION: A 4-year-old, nulliparous, female Istrian Shorthaired Hound dog had been mated repeatedly in six heats with different dogs of proven fertility but signs of pregnancy did not develop...
September 6, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838125/hothead-like-hth1-is-involved-in-anther-cutin-biosynthesis-and-is-required-for-pollen-fertility-in-rice
#20
Ya Xu, Shasha Liu, Yaqin Liu, Sheng Ling, Caisheng Chen, Jialing Yao
The cuticle covering the outer surface of anthers is essential for male reproductive development in plants. However, the mechanism underlying the synthesis of these lipidic polymers remains unclear. HOTHEAD (HTH) in Arabidopsis thaliana is a presumptive glucose-methanol-choline (GMC) oxidoreductase involved in the biosynthesis of long-chain α-,ω-dicarboxylic fatty acids. In this study, we characterized the function of an anther-specific gene HTH1 in rice. HTH1 contains a conserved GMC oxidoreductase-like domain, and the sequence of HTH1 was highly similar to that of HTH in A...
July 1, 2017: Plant & Cell Physiology
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