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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524793/moral-dilemmas-of-women-undergoing-pregnancy-termination-for-medical-reasons-in-poland
#1
Kornelia Zaręba, Michał Ciebiera, Małgorzata Bińkowska, Grzegorz Jakiel
OBJECTIVES: We explored the religious views and dilemmas of Polish women making the decision to terminate a pregnancy. The article discusses the highly restrictive legislation and significant influence of the Church on the lives of Polish citizens. METHODS: This study was designed to investigate the effect of religious and political beliefs, social and moral conditioning and professional support on the decision to abort a fetus. A 65-item questionnaire was administered to 60 participants at the time of their pregnancy termination...
May 19, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433733/factors-influencing-repeated-teenage-pregnancy-a%C3%A2-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Joemer C Maravilla, Kim S Betts, Camila Couto E Cruz, Rosa Alati
OBJECTIVE: Existing evidence of predictors of repeated teenage pregnancy has not been assessed rigorously. This systematic review provides a comprehensive evaluation of protective and risk factors that are associated with repeated teenage pregnancy through a metaanalytical consensus. DATA SOURCES: We used PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, ProQuest, PsychINFO, ScienceDirect, Scopus, and Web of Science databases from 1997-2015 and the reference list of other relevant research papers and related reviews...
April 19, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401070/simple-and-easy-to-perform-preimplantation-genetic-diagnosis-for-%C3%AE-thalassemia-major-using-combination-of-conventional-and-fluorescent-polymerase-chain-reaction
#3
Rasoul Salehi, Sharifeh Khosravi, Mansour Salehi, Majid Kheirollahi, Hossein Khanahmad
BACKGROUND: Thalassemias are the most common monogenic disorders in many countries throughout the world. The best practice to control the prevalence of the disease is prenatal diagnosis (PND) services. Extensive practicing of PND proved effective in reducing new cases but on the other side of this success high abortion rate is hided, which ethically unfair and for many couples, especially with a previous experience of a therapeutic abortion, or moral concerns, is not a suitable choice...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390179/gene-editing-as-applied-to-prevention-of-reproductive-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome
#4
REVIEW
Kristin M Whitworth, Randall S Prather
Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS) causes severe reproductive failure in sows, as well as transplacental transfer of PRRS virus (PRRSV) to late-gestation fetuses, resulting in abortions, early farrowing, increased number of stillborn piglets, and weak neonatal piglets. PRRSV-infected boars present with anorexia and lethargy, and have decreased sperm quality. The gene for the cellular receptor that the PRRSV uses, Cluster of differentiation 163 (CD163), was edited using Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/Cas9 gene-editing technology to create biallelic DNA edits to the CD163 gene in 100% of the offspring...
April 8, 2017: Molecular Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364266/a-study-on-some-reproductive-disorders-in-dromedary-camel-herds-in-saudi-arabia-with-special-references-to-uterine-infections-and-abortion
#5
Abdelmalik I Khalafalla, Marzook M Al Eknah, Mahmoud Abdelaziz, Ibrahim M Ghoneim
Dromedary camels complaining from conception failure or abortion were investigated and their herders interviewed in Al Ahsa province, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) during 2013 and 2015. The most important reproductive disorder according to the responders is uterine infection (60.2%) followed by obesity (22.3%) then physiological conditions (hormonal disturbances; 7.8%), adhesions (3.9%) and repeat breeders (2.9%). Of the camel herders, 78.6% reported previous occurrence of abortion in their herds and 46% reported abortion cases in the last season (2015/2016), while 21...
March 31, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292296/sexual-and-reproductive-health-experience-knowledge-and-problems-among-university-students-in-ambo-central-ethiopia
#6
Abenezer Yared, Zekariyas Sahile, Mulugeta Mekuria
BACKGROUND: Youths in universities are at high risk of STIs and SRH problems in Ethiopia. However, students did not perceive themselves at risk of STI/HIV infection though reports showed they were sexually active, had multiple sexual partners and reported symptoms of STIs. Having recognized the threat posed by SRH problems, this study aimed to assess the SRH experiences, knowledge, and problems among university students at Ambo University in Ethiopia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Ambo University main campus from January to February 2015 using mixed approach of quantitative (survey) and qualitative (in-depth interview) methods...
March 14, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278744/from-women-s-irresponsibility-to-foetal-patienthood-obstetricians-gynaecologists-perspectives-on-abortion-and-its-stigmatisation-in-italy-and-catalu%C3%A3-a
#7
Silvia De Zordo
This article explores obstetricians-gynaecologists' experiences and attitudes towards abortion, based on two mixed-methods studies respectively undertaken in Italy in 2011-2012, and in Spain (Cataluña) in 2013-2015. Short questionnaires and in-depth interviews were conducted with 54 obstetricians-gynaecologists at 4 hospitals providing abortion care in Rome and Milan, and with 23 obstetricians-gynaecologists at 2 hospitals and one clinic providing abortion care in Barcelona. A medical/moral classification of abortions, from those considered 'more acceptable', both medically and morally - for severe foetal malformations - to the 'least acceptable' ones - repeated 'voluntary abortions', emerged in the discourse of most obstetricians-gynaecologists working in public hospitals, regardless of their religiosity...
March 5, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238310/-repeat-induced-abortion-a-multicenter-study-on-medical-abortions-in-france-in-2014
#8
M Opatowski, F Bardy, P David, A Dunbavand, M-J Saurel-Cubizolles
OBJECTIVES: To describe the social characteristics of women seeking a medical abortion, and the conditions of that abortion, according to whether they had one or more previous induced abortions. METHODS: An observational study was carried out in 11 French units in 2013-2014, among women 18 years or older. A self-administered questionnaire on the abortion context and social situation was given to them, as well as a diary to record the pain level for each of five days following the mifepristone intake...
January 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222427/impact-of-fmr1-pre-mutation-status-on-blastocyst-development-in-patients-undergoing-pre-implantation-genetic-diagnosis
#9
Anne P Hutchinson, Nigel Pereira, Debra P Lilienthal, Siobhán Coveney, Jovana P Lekovich, Rony T Elias, Zev Rosenwaks
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The study aimed to investigate the impact of fragile X mental retardation 1 (FMR1) pre-mutation status on blastocyst development in patients undergoing pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD). METHODS: Case-control study of patients <40 years undergoing PGD at blastocyst stage for FMR1 pre-mutation status. Age-matched patients undergoing PGD for other single gene disorders were considered controls. Blastocyst development, calculated per metaphase II (MII) oocyte retrieved and per 2 pronuclear (2PN) embryos, was compared between the 2 groups...
February 22, 2017: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208880/balanced-autosomal-translocations-in-two-women-reporting-recurrent-miscarriage
#10
Brindha Arumugam, Chandra R Samuel, Santhiya Sathiyavedu Thyagarajan
Spontaneous abortion or loss of fetus prior to 20 weeks of gestation is observed in 15-20% of clinically recognized pregnancies. Recurrent Miscarriage (RM) is defined as three or more consecutive pregnancy losses and it affects 1-2% of women. Parental chromosomal rearrangements account for 2-5% of RM. This report describes two couples with a clinical history of RM who were subjected to conventional cytogenetic analysis to ascertain the chromosomal aetiology. Analysis of GTG-banded metaphases obtained from cultured lymphocytes at approximately 500-band resolution revealed balanced translocation in the female spouses as 46,XX,t(8;11)(p11...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193200/determinants-of-repeated-abortion-among-women-of-reproductive-age-attending-health-facilities-in-northern-ethiopia-a-case-control-study
#11
Mussie Alemayehu, Henock Yebyo, Araya Abrha Medhanyie, Alemayehu Bayray, Misganaw Fantahun, Gelila Kidane Goba
BACKGROUND: Every year, an estimated 19-20 million unsafe abortions take place, almost all in developing countries, leading to 68,000 deaths and millions more injured many permanently. Many women throughout the world, experience more than one abortion in their lifetimes. Repeat abortion is an indicator of the larger problem of unintended pregnancy. This study aimed to identify determinants of repeat abortion in Tigray Region, Ethiopia. METHODS: Unmatched case-control study was conducted in hospitals in Tigray Region, northern Ethiopia, from November 2014 to June 2015...
February 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163840/optical-coherence-tomography-to-identify-the-cause-of-an-arrhythmic-storm-a-case-report
#12
Etienne L Couture, Simon Bérubé, Benoit Daneault
A 56-year-old man experienced an aborted sudden death followed by an arrhythmic storm. Angiography revealed a non-severe lesion on the left circumflex artery that was treated medically but an arrhythmic storm recurred. A repeat angiogram was comparable but optical coherence tomography imaging revealed a ruptured plaque with intraluminal thrombosis. Percutaneous coronary intervention was performed and no arrhythmia recurred.
January 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127830/role-of-dilatation-and-curettage-performed-for-spontaneous-or-induced-abortion-in-the-etiology-of-endometrial-thinning
#13
Atsushi Azumaguchi, Hirofumi Henmi, Hirofumi Ohnishi, Toshiaki Endo, Tsuyoshi Saito
AIM: The aim of this study was to clarify the role of dilatation and curettage (D&C) performed for spontaneous or induced abortion in the etiology of endometrial thinning. METHODS: This was a retrospective and cross-sectional study of 310 infertile patients from January 2013 through December 2015. Endometrial thickness observed 5-7 days after ovulation in a natural menstrual cycle was correlated with the number of D&C noted in each patient's history. RESULTS: Study 1 was an investigation of patients without D&C (group A: n = 232) and patients with D&C performed for spontaneous abortion (group B: n = 46)...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126101/the-republicanization-of-evangelical-protestants-in-the-united-states-an-examination-of-the-sources-of-political-realignment
#14
Philip Schwadel
Although the association between evangelical Protestant and Republican affiliations is now a fundamental aspect of American politics, this was not the case as recently as the early 1980s. Following work on secular political realignment and the issue evolution model of partisan change, I use four decades of repeated cross-sectional survey data to examine the dynamic correlates of evangelical Protestant and Republican affiliations, and how these factors promote changes in partisanship. Results show that evangelical Protestants have become relatively more likely to attend religious services and to oppose homosexuality, abortion, and welfare spending...
February 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086900/the-role-of-birthplace-and-educational-attainment-on-induced-abortion-inequalities
#15
Yolanda González-Rábago, Elena Rodriguez-Alvarez, Luisa N Borrell, Unai Martín
BACKGROUND: Induced abortion (IA) has shown social inequality related to birthplace and education with higher rates of IAs in immigrant and in less educated women relative to their native and highly educated counterparts. This study examined the independent and joint effects of birthplace and education on IA, repeated and IA performed during the 2nd trimester of pregnancy among women residing in the Basque Country, Spain. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional population-based study of IA among women aged 25-49 years residing in the Basque Country, Spain, between 2011 and 2013...
January 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057513/enterolobium-contortisiliquum-is-a-cause-of-acute-ruminal-acidosis-in-sheep
#16
Rayane C Pupin, Paula V Leal, Stephanie C Lima, Gleice Kelli A Melo, Arnildo Pott, Marcelo A Araújo, Claudio S L Barros, Ricardo A A Lemos
The ingestion of pods of Enterolobium contortisiliquum is associated with digestive disturbances, photosensitivity and abortion in domestic ruminants. This experiment was designed to test the hypothesis that digestive disturbances in this toxicosis are really caused by acute ruminal acidosis. Three sheep fed large doses (10-15 g/kg/body weight [bw]) of E. contortisiliquum pods developed ruminal acidosis and were treated with sodium bicarbonate to try to control this metabolic disturbance, thus providing additional evidence of the involvement of ruminal acidosis in the pathogenesis of toxicosis...
January 3, 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029269/vaginal-birth-after-caesarean-delivery-in-chinese-women-and-western-immigrants-in-shanghai
#17
Anne-Frederique Minsart, Hau Liu, Shannon Moffett, Crystal Chen, Ninni Ji
Recent studies show a steep rise in caesarean sections in China. Most couples are now eligible to apply for a second child. This retrospective cohort study compares the prevalence of trial of labour and vaginal birth after caesarean section among Chinese and foreign women in Shanghai. In total, 135 of 368 women underwent trial of labour (36.68%), and of those, 77 (57.04%) had a vaginal birth. After inclusion in a multivariate model, factors associated with trial of labour were maternal age <35 years with an adjusted odds ratio of 2...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007602/molecular-epidemiology-of-coxiella-burnetii-in-french-livestock-reveals-the-existence-of-three-main-genotype-clusters-and-suggests-species-specific-associations-as-well-as-regional-stability
#18
Aurelien Joulié, Karim Sidi-Boumedine, Xavier Bailly, Patrick Gasqui, Séverine Barry, Lydia Jaffrelo, Charles Poncet, David Abrial, Elise Yang, Agnès Leblond, Elodie Rousset, Elsa Jourdain
Q fever is a worldwide zoonosis caused by the bacterium Coxiella burnetii. In domestic ruminants, Q fever main clinical manifestations are abortions. Although the clinical signs may differ between ruminant species, C. burnetii's genetic diversity remains understudied in enzootic areas. Here, we focused on France, where Q fever is enzootic, with the aims to (a) identify potential associations between C. burnetii genotypes and ruminant host species; (b) assess the distribution of C. burnetii genotypes both within French farms and across France's major livestock-farming regions; and (c) suggest a subset of markers for future genotypic studies...
December 20, 2016: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001257/pregnancy-outcomes-after-chemotherapy-for-trophoblastic-neoplasia
#19
Mila Trementosa Garcia, Lawrence Hsu Lin, Koji Fushida, Rossana Pulcineli Vieira Francisco, Marcelo Zugaib
Introduction: The successful development of chemotherapy enabled a fertilitysparing treatment for patients with trophoblastic neoplasia. After disease remission, the outcome of a subsequent pregnancy becomes a great concern for these women. Objective: To analyze existing studies in the literature that describe the reproductive outcomes of patients with trophoblastic neoplasia treated with chemotherapy. Method: Systematic review was performed searching for articles on Medline/ Pubmed, Lilacs and Cochrane Library databases, using the terms "gestational trophoblastic disease" and "pregnancy outcome"...
December 2016: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984619/-tri-primer-florescence-pcr-sanger-sequencing-method-for-screening-of-full-and-pre-mutations-of-fmr1-gene
#20
Sha Sha, Xue He, Dongya Yuan, Jianfang Zhang, Longli Kang
OBJECTIVE: To screen for CGG repeats in the FMR1 gene among patients with fragile X syndrome and carriers of pre-mutations. METHODS: Potential full and pre-mutations of the FMR1 gene were detected with a Tri-primer-florescence PCR-Sanger sequencing method. The results were validated with positive and negative controls. RESULTS: All positive and negative controls were confirmed. A male patient was found to have > 200 CGG repeats (full mutation)...
December 10, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Yixue Yichuanxue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics
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