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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155387/the-impact-of-chronic-kidney-disease-on-outcomes-following-percutaneous-coronary-interventions-versus-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-in-patients-with-complex-coronary-artery-disease-5-year-follow-up-of-the-syntax-trial
#1
Milan Milojevic, Stuart J Head, Michael J Mack, Friedrich W Mohr, Marie-Claude Morice, Keith D Dawkins, David R Holmes, Patrick W Serruys, A Pieter Kappetein
AIMS: To investigate short-term and 5-year follow-up results from patients randomized to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with paclitaxel-eluting stents in the SYNTAX trial, focusing on patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS AND RESULTS: Baseline glomerular filtration rate estimates (eGFR) were available in 1638 patients (PCI=852 and CABG=786). The Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes threshold was used to define staging of CKD...
November 21, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146551/dual-lumen-microcatheters-for-complex-percutaneous-coronary-interventions
#2
REVIEW
Jacopo A Oreglia, Roberto Garbo, Andrea Gagnor, Gabriele L Gasparini
In some bifurcation anatomies side branch wiring can be difficult particularly when side branch is highly angulated. Furthermore a combination of bifurcations and chronic total occlusion can be a real challenge for interventional cardiologists. New devices have been produced to facilitate complex PCI and recently introduced dual lumen microcatheters can be really helpful in these scenarios. All these devices have both a rapid-exchange and an over-the-wire lumen. The rationale for dual lumen microcatheters is to preserve the highest number of side-branches...
October 4, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139601/utility-of-the-acc-aha-lesion-classification-as-a-predictor-of-procedural-30-day-and-12-month-outcomes-in-the-contemporary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-era
#3
James Theuerle, Matias B Yudi, Omar Farouque, Nick Andrianopoulos, Peter Scott, Andrew E Ajani, Angela Brennan, Stephen J Duffy, Christopher M Reid, David J Clark
BACKGROUND: Correlations between the ACC/AHA coronary lesion classification and clinical outcomes in the contemporary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) era are not well established. METHODS: We analyzed clinical characteristics and outcomes according to ACC/AHA lesion classification (A, B1, B2, C) in 13,701 consecutive patients from the Melbourne Interventional Group (MIG) registry. Patients presenting with STEMI, cardiogenic shock and out-of-hospital cardiac arrest were excluded...
November 15, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138493/suppression-of-srcap-chromatin-remodelling-complex-and-restriction-of-lymphoid-lineage-commitment-by-pcid2
#4
Buqing Ye, Benyu Liu, Liuliu Yang, Guanling Huang, Lu Hao, Pengyan Xia, Shuo Wang, Ying Du, Xiwen Qin, Pingping Zhu, Jiayi Wu, Nobuo Sakaguchi, Junyan Zhang, Zusen Fan
Lymphoid lineage commitment is an important process in haematopoiesis, which forms the immune system to protect the host from pathogen invasion. However, how multipotent progenitors (MPP) switch into common lymphoid progenitors (CLP) or common myeloid progenitors (CMP) during this process remains elusive. Here we show that PCI domain-containing protein 2 (Pcid2) is highly expressed in MPPs. Pcid2 deletion in the haematopoietic system causes skewed lymphoid lineage specification. In MPPs, Pcid2 interacts with the Zinc finger HIT-type containing 1 (ZNHIT1) to block Snf2-related CREBBP activator protein (SRCAP) activity and prevents the deposition of histone variant H2A...
November 15, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137966/clinical-outcomes-of-complex-real-world-diabetic-patients-treated-with-amphilimus-sirolimus-eluting-stents-or-zotarolimus-eluting-stents-a-single-center-registry
#5
Rik Rozemeijer, Daniela Benedetto, Adriaan O Kraaijeveld, Michiel Voskuil, Mèra Stein, Leo Timmers, Saskia Z Rittersma, Pierfrancesco Agostoni, Pieter A Doevendans, Pieter R Stella
OBJECTIVE: To assess clinical outcomes of Amphilimus Sirolimus-Eluting Stents (A-SES) as compared to Zotarolimus-Eluting Stents (ZES) in complex real-world diabetic patients. BACKGROUND: Patients with diabetes mellitus represent one of the most challenging scenarios with high rates of restenosis and stent thrombosis in the current era of drug-eluting stents. Hence, we assessed the safety of A-SES versus ZES in complex diabetic patients. METHODS: In this observational study, we analyzed all consecutive patients with diabetes mellitus referred to our center from November 2012 to November 2014...
October 26, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122130/outcomes-of-chronic-total-occlusion-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-patients-with-diabetes-insights-from-the-open-cto-registry
#6
Adam C Salisbury, James Sapontis, J Aaron Grantham, Mohammed Qintar, Kensey L Gosch, William Lombardi, Dimitri Karmpaliotis, Jeffrey Moses, David J Cohen, John A Spertus, Mikhail Kosiborod
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have evaluated the relationship of diabetes with technical success and periprocedural complications, and no studies have compared patient-reported health status after chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with and without diabetes. BACKGROUND: CTOs are more common in patients with diabetes, yet CTO PCI is less often attempted in patients with diabetes than in patients without. The association between diabetes and health status after CTO PCI is unknown...
November 13, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121932/hemodynamics-analysis-of-the-serial-stenotic-coronary-arteries
#7
Xin Liu, Changnong Peng, Yufa Xia, Zhifan Gao, Pengcheng Xu, Xiaoqing Wang, Zhanchao Xian, Youbing Yin, Liqun Jiao, Defeng Wang, Lin Shi, Wenhua Huang, Xin Liu, Heye Zhang
Coronary arterial stenoses, particularly serial stenoses in a single branch, are responsible for complex hemodynamic properties of the coronary arterial trees, and the uncertain prognosis of invasive intervention. Critical information of the blood flow redistribution in the stenotic arterial segments is required for the adequate treatment planning. Therefore, in this study, an image based non-invasive functional assessment is performed to investigate the hemodynamic significances of serial stenoses. Twenty patient-specific coronary arterial trees with different combinations of stenoses were reconstructed from the computer tomography angiography for the evaluation of the hemodynamics...
November 9, 2017: Biomedical Engineering Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113866/intravascular-ultrasound-enhances-the-safety-of-rotational-atherectomy
#8
REVIEW
Kenichi Sakakura, Kei Yamamoto, Yousuke Taniguchi, Yoshimasa Tsurumaki, Shin-Ichi Momomura, Hideo Fujita
Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) is mainly used in PCI to treat complex lesions, such as left main bifurcation, chronic total occlusion and calcified lesions. Although IVUS yields useful information such as the presence of napkin-ring calcification, the role of IVUS in rotational atherectomy (RA) is not fully appreciated. Recently, since the deliverability and crossability of IVUS catheters have improved, IVUS should be attempted before RA. Even if the IVUS catheter cannot cross the lesion, IVUS provides information just proximal to the target lesion, which would be useful in the selection of the appropriate guidewire and burr size...
September 23, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105328/does-the-end-justify-the-means-the-contemporary-role-of-dissection-re-entry-strategies-for-recanalization-of-coronary-chronic-total-occlusions
#9
EDITORIAL
Aris Karatasakis, Emmanouil S Brilakis
Antegrade and retrograde dissection/re-entry techniques are frequently utilized in contemporary CTO PCI, especially for complex lesions. One-year outcomes with modern dissection/re-entry techniques appear favorable and comparable with those achieved after intraplaque crossing, supporting their increased use. Randomized data on the procedural safety, efficiency, and long-term outcomes of subadventitial CTO PCI techniques are needed.
November 1, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102364/immediate-and-1-year-follow-up-with-the-novel-nanosurface-modified-cobra-pzf-stent
#10
Luc Maillard, Alain Tavildari, Nicolas Barra, Jacques Billé, Patrick Joly, Patrick Peycher, Marc Silvestri, François Vochelet
BACKGROUND: The COBRA PzF coronary stent, which has a unique nano-coating of Polyzene-F, was developed to reduce the risk of stent thrombosis. AIMS: To report procedural and 1-year clinical outcomes following COBRA PzF coronary stent implantation in a real-world percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) registry. METHODS: All patients assigned to treatment with the COBRA PzF in the GCS Axium Rambot Center, Aix-en-Provence, France between February 2013 to June 2014 were prospectively enrolled...
October 25, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096915/double-kissing-crush-versus-provisional%C3%A2-stenting-for-left-main-distal%C3%A2-bifurcation-lesions-dkcrush-v-randomized-trial
#11
Shao-Liang Chen, Jue-Jie Zhang, Yaling Han, Jing Kan, Lianglong Chen, Chunguang Qiu, Tiemin Jiang, Ling Tao, Hesong Zeng, Li Li, Yong Xia, Chuanyu Gao, Teguh Santoso, Chootopol Paiboon, Yan Wang, Tak W Kwan, Fei Ye, Nailiang Tian, Zhizhong Liu, Song Lin, Chengzhi Lu, Shangyu Wen, Lang Hong, Qi Zhang, Imad Sheiban, Yawei Xu, Lefeng Wang, Tanveer S Rab, Zhanquan Li, Guanchang Cheng, Lianqun Cui, Martin B Leon, Gregg W Stone
BACKGROUND: Provisional stenting (PS) is the most common technique used to treat distal left main (LM) bifurcation lesions in patients with unprotected LM coronary artery disease undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. The double kissing (DK) crush planned 2-stent technique has been shown to improve clinical outcomes in non-LM bifurcations compared with PS, and in LM bifurcations compared with culotte stenting, but has never been compared with PS in LM bifurcation lesions. OBJECTIVES: The authors sought to determine whether a planned DK crush 2-stent technique is superior to PS for patients with true distal LM bifurcation lesions...
October 20, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089336/mtorc1-rps6-regulates-blood-testis-barrier-btb-dynamics-and-spermatogenetic-function-in-the-testis-in-vivo
#12
Stephen Y T Li, Ming Yan, Haiqi Chen, Tito Jesus, Will M Lee, Xiang Xiao, C Yan Cheng
The blood-testis barrier (BTB), conferred by Sertoli cells in the mammalian testis, is an important ultrastructure that supports spermatogenesis. Studies using animal models have shown that a disruption of the BTB leads to meiotic arrest, causing defects in spermatogenesis and male infertility. In order to better understand the regulation of BTB dynamics, we report findings herein to understand the role of rpS6 (ribosomal protein S6), a downstream signaling protein of mTORC1 (mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1), in promoting BTB disruption in the testis in vivo, making the barrier "leaky"...
October 31, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073947/lesion-complexity-and-outcomes-of-extended-dual-antiplatelet-therapy-after-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Robert W Yeh, Dean J Kereiakes, P Gabriel Steg, Donald E Cutlip, Kevin J Croce, Joseph M Massaro, Laura Mauri
BACKGROUND: Subjects undergoing coronary stenting with complex lesion anatomy may experience different risks and benefits with prolonged dual antiplatelet therapy. OBJECTIVES: The authors assessed the effect of 30 months versus 12 months of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) based on the presence or absence of anatomically-complex target lesions. METHODS: In the DAPT Study, combined myocardial infarction (MI) or stent thrombosis and moderate/severe bleeding were assessed in enrolled (n = 25,416) and randomized (n = 11,554) subjects...
October 31, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066329/midterm-angina-related-quality-of-life-benefits-after-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-of-chronic-total-occlusions
#14
Luiz F Ybarra, Rustem Dautov, Claire Gibrat, Sonny Dandona, Stéphane Rinfret
BACKGROUND: Data on the impact of coronary chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) on quality of life (QOL) are limited. To date, studies have been limited in sample size and have focused on only a few domains of the Seattle Angina Questionnaire (SAQ). We evaluated the relationship between coronary CTO PCI and QOL in patients with symptoms of angina, incorporating all aspects of the SAQ. METHODS: The SAQ was used to interrogate patients at baseline and at 12 months after CTO PCI...
August 19, 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064539/guidezilla-extension-catheter-for-percutaneous-interventional-therapy-of-complex-lesions-via-a-transradial-approach-case-series-from-a-single-center-experience
#15
Chen-Yang Chen, Yi-Yuan Huang, Liang Tang, Xin-Qun Hu, Zhen-Fei Fang, Sheng-Hua Zhou
BACKGROUND: Guide catheter extension systems have become one of the most powerful tools for addressing complex lesions during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), but data on a new-generation rapid exchange extension catheter - the Guidezilla catheter - are limited. Summarized herein reports on experience using the Guidezilla catheter for complex coronary lesions via a transradial approach at the documented institution an evaluation of its safety and efficacy. METHODS: A total of 25 patients (19 males and 6 females) who underwent PCI via the radial approach with the Guidezilla catheter for adequate back-up support and to facilitate equipment delivery were enrolled...
October 24, 2017: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055764/outcomes-of-percutaneous-coronary-interventions-for-chronic-total-occlusion-performed-by-highly-experienced-japanese-specialists-the-first-report-from-the-japanese-cto-pci-expert%C3%A2-registry
#16
Yoriyasu Suzuki, Etsuo Tsuchikane, Osamu Katoh, Toshiya Muramatsu, Makoto Muto, Kocihi Kishi, Yuji Hamazaki, Yuji Oikawa, Tomohiro Kawasaki, Atsunori Okamura
OBJECTIVES: This report describes the registry and presents an initial analysis of outcomes for the different PCI approaches taken by the specialists. BACKGROUND: Strategies for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for chronic total occlusion (CTO) are complex. The Japanese Board of CTO Interventional Specialists has developed a prospective, nonrandomized registry of patients undergoing CTO-PCIs performed by 41 highly experienced Japanese specialists. METHODS: Over the study period of January 2014 to December 2015, the registry included 2,846 consecutive CTO-PCI cases undertaken in Japan...
October 11, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045041/orbital-and-rotational-atherectomy-during-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-for-coronary-artery-calcification
#17
Michael S Lee, Jonathan S Gordin, Gregg W Stone, Samin K Sharma, Shigeru Saito, Ehtisham Mahmud, Jeff Chambers, Philippe Généreux, Richard Shlofmitz
Severe coronary artery calcification (CAC) increases the complexity of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) by inhibiting optimal stent expansion, leading to an increased risk of death, myocardial infarction, repeat revascularization, and stent thrombosis. Coronary atherectomy modifies and debulks calcified plaque to facilitate PCI. Although there is no clear consensus, and further studies are needed, the decision to perform atherectomy should be based upon the presence of fluoroscopic CAC or with the use of intravascular imaging...
October 17, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038224/effect-of-elective-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-on-hyperemic-absolute-coronary-blood-flow-volume-and-microvascular-resistance
#18
Yoshihisa Kanaji, Tadashi Murai, Taishi Yonetsu, Eisuke Usui, Makoto Araki, Junji Matsuda, Masahiro Hoshino, Masao Yamaguchi, Takayuki Niida, Masahiro Hada, Sadamitsu Ichijyo, Rikuta Hamaya, Yoshinori Kanno, Mitsuaki Isobe, Tsunekazu Kakuta
BACKGROUND: The hemodynamics involved in the relationship between absolute coronary blood flow (ABF) volume and myocardial resistance (MR) are complex, and the effect of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) on their changes remains unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the differences in hyperemic ABF and MR before and after elective PCI using a thermodilution method. METHODS AND RESULTS: We investigated 28 vessels (right coronary artery, 9; left anterior descending coronary artery, 18; left circumflex coronary artery, 1) from 28 patients with stable angina pectoris undergoing elective PCI...
October 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036975/-predictive-value-of-serial-platelet-function-testing-on-outcome-in-patients-undergoing-complex-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#19
M M Li, Q Li, X J Ren, X P Yu, J Q He, Y C Gao, C Y Wu, Y W Luo, Y C Zhang, F Chen, X L Zhang
Objective: To observe the predictive value of serial platelet function testing (PFT) on outcome in patients undergoing complex percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: Six hundred and two consecutive patients undergoing complex PCI in Anzhen hospital were enrolled during October 2011 to June 2012.Adenosine diphosphate(ADP)-induced platelet aggregation was measured by light transmission aggregometry on the first, sixth and twelfth month after PCI and the mean value was calculated.The cut-off value of high on-treatment platelet reactivity (HTPR) was defined as 40%...
September 24, 2017: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035846/current-perspectives-and-practices-on-chronic-total-occlusion-percutaneous-coronary-interventions
#20
Siddharth M Patel, Rohan V Menon, M Nicolas Burke, Farouc A Jaffer, Robert W Yeh, Minh Vo, Dimitri Karmpaliotis, Lorenzo Azzalini, Mauro Carlino, Kambis Mashayekhi, Alfredo R Galassi, Stephane Rinfret, Stephen G Ellis, Mitul Patel, Bavana V Rangan, Aris Karatasakis, Barbara A Danek, Judit Karacsonyi, Erica Resendes, Subhash Banerjee, Emmanouil S Brilakis
OBJECTIVES: We sought to examine contemporary perspectives and practices on chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). BACKGROUND: The frequency and success of CTO-PCI have been increasing in recent years. METHODS: An online questionnaire was created and distributed to cardiologists within the United States and internationally. RESULTS: A total of 1149 responses were obtained. The United States (n = 845; 73...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
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