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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773468/determination-of-vitamin-b-12-in-equine-urine-by-liquid-chromatography-inductively-coupled-plasma-mass-spectrometry
#1
Ross Wenzel, Derek Major, Karly Hesp, Philip Doble
Regulating authorities in the racing industry have restricted the administration of potentially performance enhancing cobalt salts to horses. There are severe penalties for trainers presenting horses with elevated urine cobalt concentrations, and compliance is ensured via analysis of total urinary cobalt at thresholds of 100 μg/L. When cobalt is present as part of the cobalamin molecule it is not considered performance enhancing. This paper demonstrates that a horse can excrete a significant proportion of a commercially available vitamin B12 injection in urine without metabolic modification...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577819/comparison-of-the-efficacy-of-parenteral-and-oral-treatment-for-nutritional-vitamin-b12-deficiency-in-children
#2
Rabia Gönül Sezer, Handan Ayhan Akoğlu, Abdulkadir Bozaykut, Gül Nihal Özdemir
OBJECTIVE: Although, oral replacement for vitamin B12 deficiency has been proved to be effective in adults, it is mainly treated with parenteral therapy. There are only few studies on oral replacement therapy of vitamin B12 with children. Therefore, we aimed to compare the efficacy of oral treatment with intramuscular vitamin B12 injections in pediatric population. METHODS: Children with serum cobalamin concentrations less than 300 pg/mL, were treated either with the parenteral therapy or with oral vitamin B12...
March 24, 2018: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562169/c-elegans-mrp-5-exports-vitamin-b12-from-mother-to-offspring-to-support-embryonic-development
#3
Huimin Na, Olga Ponomarova, Gabrielle E Giese, Albertha J M Walhout
Vitamin B12 functions as a cofactor for methionine synthase to produce the anabolic methyl donor S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) and for methylmalonyl-CoA mutase to catabolize the short-chain fatty acid propionate. In the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, maternally supplied vitamin B12 is required for the development of offspring. However, the mechanism for exporting vitamin B12 from the mother to the offspring is not yet known. Here, we use RNAi of more than 200 transporters with a vitamin B12-sensor transgene to identify the ABC transporter MRP-5 as a candidate vitamin B12 exporter...
March 20, 2018: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501151/renewable-chemiluminescence-optosensors-based-on-implementation-of-bead-injection-principle-with-multicommutation
#4
Juan C Domínguez-Romero, Bienvenida Gilbert-López, Miriam Beneito-Cambra, Antonio Molina-Díaz
In this work, the implementation of Bead Injection with multicommutation-based flow systems is reported. A surface renewable chemiluminescence (CL) flow sensor is presented based on the use of CL reaction of luminol with H2 O2 . Dowex 1 × 8 beads with immobilized luminol onto them were injected in the flow system by means of a six-port rotary valve and were accommodated into a 1 mm optical glass flow cell placed just in front of the rectangular photosensor window with the same size than the cell wall. Automatic computer-controlled manipulation of both reagents and sample solutions was undertaken using a multicommutated flow system which comprises five three-way solenoid valves, a home-made electronic interface and a Java-written software...
May 15, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363057/ameliorative-effects-of-supplemental-folinic-acid-on-lamotrigine-induced-fetal-malformations-in-the-mouse
#5
Y M Abdulrazzaq, M Shafiullah, J Kochyil, R Padmanabhan, S M A Bastaki
Data from our previous work indicate that Lamotrigine (LTG) is teratogenic in the mouse. In the present study, we attempted to determine the possible protective effects of exogenous folate on LTG-induced fetal anomalies in TO mouse. Experiment I entailed administering 4 mg/kg of folinic acid (FA) and (25 mg/kg) of LTG intraperitoneally three times on gestation day (GD) 8 to a group of mice; other groups were a group that received similar volumes of saline, a group that received LTG and Saline, a group that received FA and saline...
January 23, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327400/a-vitamin-b12-conjugate-of-exendin-4-improves-glucose-tolerance-without-associated-nausea-or-hypophagia-in-rodents
#6
Elizabeth G Mietlicki-Baase, Claudia G Liberini, Jayme L Workinger, Ron L Bonaccorso, Tito Borner, David J Reiner, Kieran Koch-Laskowski, Lauren E McGrath, Rinzin Lhamo, Lauren M Stein, Bart C De Jonghe, George G Holz, Christian L Roth, Robert P Doyle, Matthew R Hayes
AIMS: While pharmacological glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R) agonists are FDA-approved for treating type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and obesity, a major side effect is nausea/malaise. We recently developed a conjugate of vitamin B12 (B12) bound to the GLP-1R agonist exendin-4 (Ex4), which displays enhanced proteolytic stability and retention of GLP-1R agonism. Here, we evaluate whether the conjugate (B12-Ex4) can improve glucose tolerance without producing anorexia and malaise...
January 12, 2018: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318504/oral-vitamin-b-12-supplementation-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-a-systematic-review
#7
Kamal K Mahawar, Alastair Reid, Yitka Graham, Lindes Callejas-Diaz, Chetan Parmar, William Rj Carr, Neil Jennings, Rishi Singhal, Peter K Small
BACKGROUND: Many respectable guidelines recommend lifelong vitamin B12 injections for Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) patients in the absence of lack of consensus on the efficacy of oral route of prophylaxis and the appropriate doses needed for this purpose. The purpose of this review was to examine the published English language scientific literature in accordance with PRISMA principles to find out if orally given vitamin B12 is adequate for prophylactic purposes in RYGB patients and the appropriate dosages needed for this purpose if it is...
January 9, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189512/the-efficacy-of-oral-vitamin-b12-replacement-for-nutritional-vitamin-b12-deficiency
#8
Rabia G Sezer, Abdulkadir Bozaykut, Handan A Akoğlu, Gül N Özdemir
Standard treatment of vitamin B12 deficiency has not been well established in childhood, the ideal amount of supplemental vitamin B12 is not clear. Vitamin B12 deficiency is classically treated with intramuscular injections. In this study, we aimed to investigate the efficacy of oral therapy in children with vitamin B12 deficiency. Patients with serum cobalamin concentrations <300 pg/mL aged between 6 months to 18 years were included in this prospective study. Children were treated orally either with a combination of multivitamin tablet daily or vitamin B12 ampules...
March 2018: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104950/-89-zr-cobalamin-pet-tracer-synthesis-cellular-uptake-and-use-for-tumor-imaging
#9
Akhila N W Kuda-Wedagedara, Jayme L Workinger, Ebba Nexo, Robert P Doyle, Nerissa Viola-Villegas
Vitamin B12 , or cobalamin (Cbl), is an essential nutrient. Acquisition, transport, and cellular internalization of Cbl are dependent on specific binding proteins and associated receptors. The circulating transport protein transcobalamin (TC) promotes cellular uptake via binding to specific receptors such as CD320, a receptor upregulated in several cancer cell lines. In this study, we report the successful synthesis of89 Zirconium-labeled Cbl that was derivatized with desferrioxamine (89 Zr-Cbl). We document the purity of the tracer and its binding to TC compared with that of unmodified cyano-Cbl (CN-Cbl)...
October 31, 2017: ACS Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068997/atypical-hemolytic-uremic-syndrome-induced-by-cblc-subtype-of-methylmalonic-academia-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#10
REVIEW
Minguang Chen, Jieqiu Zhuang, JianHuan Yang, Dexuan Wang, Qing Yang
RATIONALE: Methylmalonic acidemia (MMA) is a common organic acidemia, mainly due to methylmalonyl-CoA mutase (MCM) or its coenzyme cobalamin (VitB12) metabolic disorders. Cobalamin C (CblC) type is the most frequent inborn error of cobalamin metabolism; it can develop symptoms in childhood and often combine multisystem damage, which leads to methylmalonic acid, propionic acid, methyl citrate, and other metabolites abnormal accumulation, causing nerve, liver, kidney, bone marrow, and other organ damage...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950662/the-antineoplastic-busulphan-impairs-peritubular-and-leydig-cells-and-vitamin-b12-stimulates-spermatogonia-proliferation-and-prevents-busulphan-induced-germ-cell-death
#11
Estela Sasso-Cerri, Bárbara Oliveira, Fabiane de Santi, Flávia L Beltrame, Breno H Caneguim, Paulo S Cerri
Busulphan (Bu), an alkylating agent used for bone marrow and spermatogonial stem cell transplantation (SSCT), impairs Sertoli (SC) cells, which are necessary for the spermatogonial stem cell (SSC) homing during transplantation. As Leydig (LC) and peritubular myoid (PMC) cells are essential for SC support and maintenance of spermatogonial niche, we evaluated the impact of Bu on the LC and PMC structural integrity. Vitamin B12 (B12) has demonstrated beneficial effects against drug-induced testicular changes; thus, we also examined whether this vitamin is able to stimulate spermatogonia mitotic activity and prevent Bu-induced germ cell death...
November 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898907/effects-of-cobalamin-vitamin-b12-on-gentamicin-induced-nephrotoxicity-in-rat
#12
Saeed Hajihashemi, Zeinab Hamidizad, Ali Rahbari, Fatemeh Ghanbari, Zohre Aghaee Motealeghi
Background The main side effect of gentamicin is nephrotoxicity. The effect of cobalamin (Cob) was investigated on gentamicin nephrotoxicity in rats. Methods Renal injury induced by i.p. injection of gentamicin (100 mg/kg) for 8 consecutive days. Cobalamin (6 mg/kg/day, i.p) treatment was done for 8 consecutive days as co-treatment and post-treatment protocol. Results Cobalamin significantly increased creatinine clearance levels and renal blood flow which were reduced by gentamicin. Also, cobalamin significantly improved serum electrolytes (sodium and potassium) levels which were disturbed by gentamicin...
December 2017: Drug Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780092/whole-body-propionate-and-glucose-metabolism-of-multiparous-dairy-cows-receiving-folic-acid-and-vitamin-b12-supplements
#13
M Duplessis, H Lapierre, B Ouattara, N Bissonnette, D Pellerin, J-P Laforest, C L Girard
This study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of supplementation of folic acid and vitamin B12 on glucose and propionate metabolism. Twenty-four multiparous cows were assigned according to a complete block design in a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement to one of the following treatments: (1) saline 0.9% NaCl, (2) 320 mg of folic acid, (3) 10 mg of vitamin B12, or (4) 320 mg of folic acid and 10 mg of vitamin B12. Intramuscular injections were given weekly from 3 wk before the expected calving date until 9 wk postpartum...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711333/b12-deficiency-leading-to-marked-poikilocytosis-versus-true-schistocytosis-a-pernicious-problem
#14
James A Hall, James Mason, Julia Choi, Mark Holguin
Severe vitamin B12 deficiency is caused most commonly by autoimmune atrophic gastritis leading to loss of intrinsic factor. Vitamin B12 deficiency leading to megaloblastic anemia and demyelinating central nervous system disease is well known; however, a rare presentation of B12 deficiency described as pseudothrombotic microangiopathy is not well known. This complication presents with signs of mechanical hemolysis, elevated lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), thrombocytopenia, and a low reticulocyte count, which can be incorrectly diagnosed as thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura and managed incorrectly...
June 20, 2017: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616214/high-dose-hydroxocobalamin-for-vasoplegic-syndrome-causing-false-blood-leak-alarm
#15
Wisit Cheungpasitporn, John Hui, Kianoush B Kashani, Erica D Wittwer, Robert C Albright, John J Dillon
Blood leak alarms are important safety features in a hemodialysis machine to protect patients from loss of blood through a rupture in the dialyzer membrane (true alarms). A false blood leak alarm can be triggered by air bubbles or detector malfunction (such as deposits of grease or scale). Hydroxocobalamin is an injectable form of vitamin B12 approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of confirmed or suspected cyanide toxicity. Due to observations of an increase in arterial pressure after high-dose hydroxocobalamin infusion for the treatment of acute cyanide poisoning, it has recently been reported as an off-label rescue treatment for post-cardiopulmonary bypass vasoplegic syndrome...
June 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538514/long-term-outcome-of-4-patients-with-transcobalamin-deficiency-caused-by-2-novel-tcn2-mutations
#16
Marwan Nashabat, Gustavo Maegawa, Peter H Nissen, Ebba Nexo, Hussain Al-Shamrani, Mohammed Al-Owain, Majid Alfadhel
Cobalamin (vitamin B12 [Cbl]) is an essential cofactor for many biochemical pathways. Transcobalamin (TC) is required to internalize Cbl into the cells through membrane receptor-mediated endocytosis. Cbl is then processed in the cytoplasm and mitochondria by complementation factors leading to its active metabolites; methylcobalamin and 5-deoxyadenosyl-cobalamin. Deficiency of TC results in an elevation in methylmalonic acid and homocysteine. Patients usually present with macrocytic anemia, pancytopenia, failure to thrive, gastrointestinal symptoms, and neurological dysfunction...
November 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537576/an-infant-and-mother-with-severe-b-12-deficiency-vitamin-b-12-status-assessment-should-be-determined-in-pregnant-women-with-anaemia
#17
A Sobczyńska-Malefora, R Ramachandran, D Cregeen, E Green, P Bennett, D J Harrington, H A Lemonde
The vitamin B12 status of infants depends on maternal B12 status during pregnancy, and during lactation if breastfed. We present a 9-month-old girl who was admitted to the metabolic unit for assessment of developmental delay. She was exclusively breastfed and the introduction of solids at 5 months was unsuccessful. Investigations revealed pancytopenia, undetectable B12 and highly elevated methylmalonic acid and homocysteine. Methylmalonic acid and homocysteine normalised following B12 injections. Marked catch-up of developmental milestones was noted after treatment with B12 ...
August 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508256/the-role-of-micronutrients-in-alopecia-areata-a-review
#18
REVIEW
Jordan M Thompson, Mehwish A Mirza, Min Kyung Park, Abrar A Qureshi, Eunyoung Cho
Alopecia areata (AA) is a common, non-scarring form of hair loss caused by immune-mediated attack of the hair follicle. As with other immune-mediated diseases, a complex interplay between environment and genetics is thought to lead to the development of AA. Deficiency of micronutrients such as vitamins and minerals may represent a modifiable risk factor associated with development of AA. Given the role of these micronutrients in normal hair follicle development and in immune cell function, a growing number of investigations have sought to determine whether serum levels of these nutrients might differ in AA patients, and whether supplementation of these nutrients might represent a therapeutic option for AA...
October 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485779/effects-of-vitamin-b12-on-postoperative-cognitive-dysfunction-induced-by-isoflurane-anesthesia-in-rats
#19
H-Y Sha, J-B Zhao, M-X Sha, S-M Guo
OBJECTIVE: Postoperative cognitive dysfunction is a clinical syndrome associated with cognitive decline in patients after anesthesia. This study aimed to investigate the effect of VB12 (Vitamin B12), a kind of necessary micronutrients promoting the growth and development of the nervous system, on cognitive dysfunction induced by isoflurane anesthesia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighteen-month-old rats were exposed to or were not exposed to 1.4% isoflurane for 2 h. Two hours before isoflurane exposure, rats in groups with VB12 were injected intramuscularly with VB12 at 10 or 20 μg...
April 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457771/-vitamin-b12-levels-in-the-patient-population-attending-an-urban-health-centre-in-madrid
#20
M Camarero-Shelly
INTRODUCTION: Vitamin B12 levels are usually measured in Primary Care when the patients have symptoms or risk factors associated with its deficiency, mostly in the elderly. However, no evidence has been found to support the recommendation of screening in the general population. The aim of this study is to assess the relevance of having extended the screening of vitamin B12 deficiency to a younger population, after observing an increase in the prescription of this injected vitamin in a population under 65 years, by analysing the vitamin B12 values obtained...
April 27, 2017: Semergen
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