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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892015/multi-ethnic-genome-wide-association-study-for-atrial-fibrillation
#1
Carolina Roselli, Mark D Chaffin, Lu-Chen Weng, Stefanie Aeschbacher, Gustav Ahlberg, Christine M Albert, Peter Almgren, Alvaro Alonso, Christopher D Anderson, Krishna G Aragam, Dan E Arking, John Barnard, Traci M Bartz, Emelia J Benjamin, Nathan A Bihlmeyer, Joshua C Bis, Heather L Bloom, Eric Boerwinkle, Erwin B Bottinger, Jennifer A Brody, Hugh Calkins, Archie Campbell, Thomas P Cappola, John Carlquist, Daniel I Chasman, Lin Y Chen, Yii-Der Ida Chen, Eue-Keun Choi, Seung Hoan Choi, Ingrid E Christophersen, Mina K Chung, John W Cole, David Conen, James Cook, Harry J Crijns, Michael J Cutler, Scott M Damrauer, Brian R Daniels, Dawood Darbar, Graciela Delgado, Joshua C Denny, Martin Dichgans, Marcus Dörr, Elton A Dudink, Samuel C Dudley, Nada Esa, Tonu Esko, Markku Eskola, Diane Fatkin, Stephan B Felix, Ian Ford, Oscar H Franco, Bastiaan Geelhoed, Raji P Grewal, Vilmundur Gudnason, Xiuqing Guo, Namrata Gupta, Stefan Gustafsson, Rebecca Gutmann, Anders Hamsten, Tamara B Harris, Caroline Hayward, Susan R Heckbert, Jussi Hernesniemi, Lynne J Hocking, Albert Hofman, Andrea R V R Horimoto, Jie Huang, Paul L Huang, Jennifer Huffman, Erik Ingelsson, Esra Gucuk Ipek, Kaoru Ito, Jordi Jimenez-Conde, Renee Johnson, J Wouter Jukema, Stefan Kääb, Mika Kähönen, Yoichiro Kamatani, John P Kane, Adnan Kastrati, Sekar Kathiresan, Petra Katschnig-Winter, Maryam Kavousi, Thorsten Kessler, Bas L Kietselaer, Paulus Kirchhof, Marcus E Kleber, Stacey Knight, Jose E Krieger, Michiaki Kubo, Lenore J Launer, Jari Laurikka, Terho Lehtimäki, Kirsten Leineweber, Rozenn N Lemaitre, Man Li, Hong Euy Lim, Henry J Lin, Honghuang Lin, Lars Lind, Cecilia M Lindgren, Marja-Liisa Lokki, Barry London, Ruth J F Loos, Siew-Kee Low, Yingchang Lu, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Peter W Macfarlane, Patrik K Magnusson, Anubha Mahajan, Rainer Malik, Alfredo J Mansur, Gregory M Marcus, Lauren Margolin, Kenneth B Margulies, Winfried März, David D McManus, Olle Melander, Sanghamitra Mohanty, Jay A Montgomery, Michael P Morley, Andrew P Morris, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, Andrea Natale, Saman Nazarian, Benjamin Neumann, Christopher Newton-Cheh, Maartje N Niemeijer, Kjell Nikus, Peter Nilsson, Raymond Noordam, Heidi Oellers, Morten S Olesen, Marju Orho-Melander, Sandosh Padmanabhan, Hui-Nam Pak, Guillaume Paré, Nancy L Pedersen, Joanna Pera, Alexandre Pereira, David Porteous, Bruce M Psaty, Sara L Pulit, Clive R Pullinger, Daniel J Rader, Lena Refsgaard, Marta Ribasés, Paul M Ridker, Michiel Rienstra, Lorenz Risch, Dan M Roden, Jonathan Rosand, Michael A Rosenberg, Natalia Rost, Jerome I Rotter, Samir Saba, Roopinder K Sandhu, Renate B Schnabel, Katharina Schramm, Heribert Schunkert, Claudia Schurman, Stuart A Scott, Ilkka Seppälä, Christian Shaffer, Svati Shah, Alaa A Shalaby, Jaemin Shim, M Benjamin Shoemaker, Joylene E Siland, Juha Sinisalo, Moritz F Sinner, Agnieszka Slowik, Albert V Smith, Blair H Smith, J Gustav Smith, Jonathan D Smith, Nicholas L Smith, Elsayed Z Soliman, Nona Sotoodehnia, Bruno H Stricker, Albert Sun, Han Sun, Jesper H Svendsen, Toshihiro Tanaka, Kahraman Tanriverdi, Kent D Taylor, Maris Teder-Laving, Alexander Teumer, Sébastien Thériault, Stella Trompet, Nathan R Tucker, Arnljot Tveit, Andre G Uitterlinden, Pim Van Der Harst, Isabelle C Van Gelder, David R Van Wagoner, Niek Verweij, Efthymia Vlachopoulou, Uwe Völker, Biqi Wang, Peter E Weeke, Bob Weijs, Raul Weiss, Stefan Weiss, Quinn S Wells, Kerri L Wiggins, Jorge A Wong, Daniel Woo, Bradford B Worrall, Pil-Sung Yang, Jie Yao, Zachary T Yoneda, Tanja Zeller, Lingyao Zeng, Steven A Lubitz, Kathryn L Lunetta, Patrick T Ellinor
Atrial fibrillation (AF) affects more than 33 million individuals worldwide 1 and has a complex heritability 2 . We conducted the largest meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies (GWAS) for AF to date, consisting of more than half a million individuals, including 65,446 with AF. In total, we identified 97 loci significantly associated with AF, including 67 that were novel in a combined-ancestry analysis, and 3 that were novel in a European-specific analysis. We sought to identify AF-associated genes at the GWAS loci by performing RNA-sequencing and expression quantitative trait locus analyses in 101 left atrial samples, the most relevant tissue for AF...
June 11, 2018: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29802021/sex-differences-in-the-outcome-after-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-a-propensity-matching-analysis
#2
Gjin Ndrepepa, Sebastian Kufner, Katharina Mayer, Salvatore Cassese, Erion Xhepa, Massimiliano Fusaro, Endri Hasimi, Stefanie Schüpke, Karl-Ludwig Laugwitz, Heribert Schunkert, Adnan Kastrati
BACKGROUND: Whether there are sex differences in the outcome of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains controversial. We undertook this study to assess whether there are sex-related differences in the long-term mortality in a large series of patients with CAD after PCI. METHODS: The study included 18,334 patients (4735 women and 13,599 men) with CAD treated with PCI. Propensity matching was performed to obtain a group of patients (3000 women and 3000 men) matched for all characteristics available in database...
May 23, 2018: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760286/comparison-of-the-femoseal-vascular-closure-device-with-manual-compression-after-femoral-artery-puncture-post-hoc-analysis-of-a-large-scale-randomized-clinical-trial
#3
Nader Mankerious, Katharina Mayer, Senta M Gewalt, Sandra M Helde, Tareq Ibrahim, Lorenz Bott-Flügel, Karl-Ludwig Laugwitz, Heribert Schunkert, Adnan Kastrati, Stefanie Schüpke
OBJECTIVES: To assess the safety and efficacy of arteriotomy closure with the intravascular FemoSeal vascular closure device (VCD; St. Jude Medical) compared to manual compression in patients undergoing diagnostic cardiac catheterization via the common femoral artery. BACKGROUND: There is limited evidence on the performance of individual contemporary VCDs compared to manual compression. METHODS: This is a subanalysis of 3018 patients who underwent transfemoral diagnostic coronary angiography and were randomly assigned to arteriotomy closure with either the intravascular FemoSeal VCD or manual compression within the investigator-initiated, large-scale, randomized, multicenter, open-label ISAR-CLOSURE trial...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724350/efficacy-over-time-with-drug-eluting-stents-in-saphenous-vein-graft-lesions
#4
Roisin Colleran, Sebastian Kufner, Julinda Mehilli, Christian Rosenbeiger, Stefanie Schüpke, Petra Hoppmann, Michael Joner, Nader Mankerious, Massimiliano Fusaro, Salvatore Cassese, Mohamed Abdel-Wahab, Franz-Josef Neumann, Gert Richardt, Tareq Ibrahim, Heribert Schunkert, Karl-Ludwig Laugwitz, Adnan Kastrati, Robert A Byrne
BACKGROUND: In the ISAR-CABG (Is Drug-Eluting-Stenting Associated with Improved Results in Coronary Artery Bypass Grafts?) trial, clinical outcomes at 1 year in patients undergoing treatment of saphenous vein graft lesions were superior with drug-eluting stents (DES) versus bare-metal stents. OBJECTIVES: The authors compared outcomes between treatment groups at 5 years. METHODS: Patients were randomized (1:1:1:3) to receive DES (either permanent-polymer paclitaxel-eluting stents, permanent-polymer sirolimus-eluting stents, or biodegradable-polymer sirolimus-eluting stents) or bare-metal stents...
May 8, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706204/markers-of-reperfusion-and-long-term-8-year-prognosis-after-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#5
Gjin Ndrepepa, Robert A Byrne, Salvatore Cassese, Massimiliano Fusaro, Roisin Colleran, Julia Hieber, Karl-Ludwig Laugwitz, Heribert Schunkert, Adnan Kastrati
Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow, myocardial perfusion grade (MPG), and infarct size are established markers of reperfusion in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. Whether these markers provide long-term prognostic information remains unknown. This study included 1,406 patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Postreperfusion TIMI flow, MPG, and infarct size (evaluated by scintigraphy at 7 to 14 days) were measured...
July 1, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697798/fifty-generations-of-icelanders-help-to-explain-a-cause-of-aortic-coarctation
#6
Barbara Stiller, Heribert Schunkert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 25, 2018: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691411/analysis-of-predicted-loss-of-function-variants-in-uk-biobank-identifies-variants-protective-for-disease
#7
Connor A Emdin, Amit V Khera, Mark Chaffin, Derek Klarin, Pradeep Natarajan, Krishna Aragam, Mary Haas, Alexander Bick, Seyedeh M Zekavat, Akihiro Nomura, Diego Ardissino, James G Wilson, Heribert Schunkert, Ruth McPherson, Hugh Watkins, Roberto Elosua, Matthew J Bown, Nilesh J Samani, Usman Baber, Jeanette Erdmann, Namrata Gupta, John Danesh, Daniel Chasman, Paul Ridker, Joshua Denny, Lisa Bastarache, Judith H Lichtman, Gail D'Onofrio, Jennifer Mattera, John A Spertus, Wayne H-H Sheu, Kent D Taylor, Bruce M Psaty, Stephen S Rich, Wendy Post, Jerome I Rotter, Yii-Der Ida Chen, Harlan Krumholz, Danish Saleheen, Stacey Gabriel, Sekar Kathiresan
Less than 3% of protein-coding genetic variants are predicted to result in loss of protein function through the introduction of a stop codon, frameshift, or the disruption of an essential splice site; however, such predicted loss-of-function (pLOF) variants provide insight into effector transcript and direction of biological effect. In >400,000 UK Biobank participants, we conduct association analyses of 3759 pLOF variants with six metabolic traits, six cardiometabolic diseases, and twelve additional diseases...
April 24, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688283/into-the-great-wide-open-ten-years-of-genome-wide-association-studies
#8
Heribert Schunkert, Nilesh J Samani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2018: Cardiovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644412/patent-foramen-ovale-closure-versus-medical-therapy-for-prevention-of-recurrent-cryptogenic-embolism-updated-meta-analysis-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#9
Brunilda Alushi, Alexander Lauten, Salvatore Cassese, Roisin Colleran, Stefanie Schüpke, Himanshu Rai, Heribert Schunkert, Bernhard Meier, Ulf Landmesser, Adnan Kastrati
BACKGROUND: We performed an updated meta-analysis of all randomized-controlled trials (RCTs) comparing patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure with medical therapy for prevention of recurrent ischemic stroke. METHODS AND RESULTS: We searched Medline, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases, and proceedings of international meetings for RCTs of patients with cryptogenic stroke and PFO comparing percutaneous PFO closure versus medical therapy for prevention of recurrent ischemic stroke...
April 11, 2018: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643466/etidronate-prevents-dystrophic-cardiac-calcification-by-inhibiting-macrophage-aggregation
#10
Carolin Bauer, Olivier le Saux, Viola Pomozi, Redouane Aherrahrou, Rene Kriesen, Stephanie Stölting, Annett Liebers, Thorsten Kessler, Heribert Schunkert, Jeanette Erdmann, Zouhair Aherrahrou
Cardiovascular calcification is associated with high risk of vascular disease. This involves macrophage infiltration of injured vascular tissue and osteoclast-related processes. Splenic monocytes from mice, that are predisposed (C3H) or resistant (B6) to calcification, were isolated and differentiated in vitro with M-CSF to generate macrophages, which aggregate to form multinucleated (MN) cells in the presence of RANKL. MN cell formation was significantly decreased in monocytes from resistant compared with calcifying mice...
April 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617917/management-of-hypercalcaemia-induced-heart-failure-using-mechanical-circulatory-support
#11
Katharina Knoll, Volkhard Kurowski, Heribert Schunkert, Hendrik B Sager
Acute heart failure is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Heart failure is caused by various conditions, including electrolyte imbalances. We report a rare case of hypercalcaemia-induced acute heart failure complicated by cardiogenic shock. Mechanical circulatory support was used successfully in this patient until calcium homeostasis was restored.
March 30, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617720/a-decade-of-genome-wide-association-studies-for-coronary-artery-disease-the-challenges-ahead
#12
Jeanette Erdmann, Thorsten Kessler, Loreto Munoz Venegas, Heribert Schunkert
In this review, we summarise current knowledge on the genetics of coronary artery disease, based on 10 years of genome-wide association studies. The discoveries began with individual studies using 200K single nucleotide polymorphism arrays and progressed to large-scale collaborative efforts, involving more than a hundred thousand people and up to 40 Mio genetic variants. We discuss the challenges ahead, including those involved in identifying causal genes and deciphering the links between risk variants and disease pathology...
March 30, 2018: Cardiovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601927/genetic-alterations-in-the-no-cgmp-pathway-and-cardiovascular-risk
#13
REVIEW
Jana Wobst, Heribert Schunkert, Thorsten Kessler
In the past ten years, several chromosomal loci have been identified by genome-wide association studies to influence the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) and its risk factors. The GUCY1A3 gene encoding the α1 subunit of the soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) resides at one of these loci and has been strongly associated with blood pressure and CAD risk. More recently, further genes in the pathway encoding the endothelial nitric oxide synthase, the phosphodiesterases 3A and 5A, and the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor I-associated protein (IRAG), i...
June 1, 2018: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599097/high-sensitivity-cardiac-troponin-t-and-prognosis-in-patients-with-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#14
Gjin Ndrepepa, Sebastian Kufner, Magdalena Hoyos, Yukinori Harada, Erion Xhepa, Julia Hieber, Salvatore Cassese, Massimiliano Fusaro, Karl-Ludwig Laugwitz, Heribert Schunkert, Adnan Kastrati
BACKGROUND: Evidence on the use of high-sensitivity cardiac troponins (hs-cTn) to risk-stratify patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is limited. METHODS: We assessed the prognostic value of preprocedural (admission) and peak postprocedural hs-cTnT in 818 patients with STEMI treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI). Preprocedural and peak postprocedural hs-cTnT was measured. The primary outcome was 3-year all-cause mortality...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593584/utilization-of-mental-health-care-treatment-patterns-and-course-of-psychosocial-functioning-in-northern-german-coronary-artery-disease-patients-with-depressive-and-or-anxiety-disorders
#15
Anna Lisa Westermair, Anja Schaich, Bastian Willenborg, Christina Willenborg, Stefan Nitsche, Heribert Schunkert, Jeanette Erdmann, Ulrich Schweiger
Background: Comorbid mental disorders in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) are common and associated with adverse somatic outcomes. However, data on utilization rates of mental health care and treatment efficiency are scarce and inconsistent, which we tried to remedy with the present preliminary study on Northern German CAD patients. Method: A total of 514 German CAD patients, as diagnosed by cardiac catheterization, were assessed using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview and the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) scale...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551701/predictors-of-need-for-permanent-pacemaker-implantation-and-conduction-abnormalities-with-a-novel-self-expanding-transcatheter-heart-valve
#16
Costanza Pellegrini, Oliver Husser, Won-Keun Kim, Andreas Holzamer, Thomas Walther, Tobias Rheude, Nicola Patrick Mayr, Teresa Trenkwalder, Michael Joner, Jonathan Michel, Fabian Chaustre, Adnan Kastrati, Heribert Schunkert, Christof Burgdorf, Michael Hilker, Helge Möllmann, Christian Hengstenberg
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The incidence of permanent pacemaker implantation (PPI) and new conduction abnormalities (CA) with the ACURATE neo (Symetis S.A., Eclubens, Switzerland) has not been studied in detail. We aimed to analyze their predictors, evaluating patient- and device-related factors, including implantation depth and device-to-annulus ratio (DAR). METHODS: Two analyses of a multicenter population were performed: new PPI in pacemaker-naive patients (n = 283), and PPI/new-CA in patients without prior CA or pacemaker (n = 232)...
March 15, 2018: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537375/outcomes-of-patients-treated-with-ultrathin-strut-biodegradable-polymer-sirolimus-eluting-stents-versus-fluoropolymer-based-everolimus-eluting-stents-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-trials
#17
Salvatore Cassese, Gjin Ndrepepa, Robert A Byrne, Sebastian Kufner, Anna Lena Lahmann, Nader Mankerious, Erion Xhepa, Karl-Ludwig Laugwitz, Heribert Schunkert, Massimiliano Fusaro, Adnan Kastrati, Michael Joner
AIMS: The ultrathin strut biodegradable-polymer sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) is a new-generation drug-eluting stent (DES) developed to improve the percutaneous treatment of patients with coronary artery disease. Here, we sought to investigate whether the performance of ultrathin strut biodegradable-polymer SES is superior to that of the benchmark thin-strut fluoropolymer-based everolimus-eluting stent (EES). METHODS AND RESULTS: We undertook a study-level meta-analysis of trials, in which patients receiving percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were randomly assigned to either SES or EES...
March 13, 2018: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472232/genome-wide-association-and-functional-studies-identify-scml4-and-thsd7a-as-novel-susceptibility-genes-for-coronary-artery-disease
#18
Yang Li, Dao Wen Wang, Yundai Chen, Can Chen, Jian Guo, Shu Zhang, Zhijun Sun, Hu Ding, Yan Yao, Lei Zhou, Ke Xu, Chun Song, Fan Yang, Bin Zhao, Han Yan, Wen-Jing Wang, Chong Wu, Xiangfeng Lu, Xueli Yang, Jie Dong, Guyan Zheng, Shuhan Tian, Yanjun Cui, Lijuan Jin, Gangqiong Liu, Hanbin Cui, Shenghuang Wang, Feng Jiang, Changhua Wang, Jeanette Erdmann, Linyao Zeng, Shian Huang, Jianfeng Zhong, Yuehua Ma, Wenjiang Chen, Jianli Sun, Wei Lei, Shenghan Chen, Shaoqi Rao, Dongfeng Gu, Heribert Schunkert, Xiao-Li Tian
OBJECTIVE: The genetic contribution to coronary artery disease (CAD) remains largely unclear. We combined genetic screening with functional characterizations to identify novel loci and candidate genes for CAD. APPROACH AND RESULTS: We performed genome-wide screening followed by multicenter validation in 8 cohorts consisting of 21 828 participants of Han ethnicity and identified 3 novel intragenic SNPs (single nucleotide polymorphisms), rs9486729 ( SCML4 [Scm polycomb group protein-like 4]; odds ratio, 1...
April 2018: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468355/incidental-findings-in-multislice-computed-tomography-prior-to-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-frequency-clinical-relevance-and-outcome
#19
Teresa Trenkwalder, Anna Lena Lahmann, Magdalena Nowicka, Costanza Pellegrini, Tobias Rheude, N Patrick Mayr, Stephanie Voss, Sabine Bleiziffer, Rüdiger Lange, Michael Joner, Albert M Kasel, Adnan Kastrati, Heribert Schunkert, Oliver Husser, Martin Hadamitzky, Christian Hengstenberg
Multislice computed tomography (MSCT) has emerged as the mainstay in patients planned for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Incidental findings (IF) in MSCT are common. However, the exact incidence, clinical relevance and further consequences of IF are unclear and it is controversial whether IF adversely affect patients' outcome. We analyzed MSCT data of 1050 patients screened for TAVI between January 2011 and December 2014. Median follow-up of patients was 20 months. In total, 3194 IF were identified, which were classified into clinically non-relevant IF (2872, 90%) and clinically relevant IF (322, 10%)...
February 21, 2018: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467471/network-analysis-of-coronary-artery-disease-risk-genes-elucidates-disease-mechanisms-and-druggable-targets
#20
Harri Lempiäinen, Ingrid Brænne, Tom Michoel, Vinicius Tragante, Baiba Vilne, Tom R Webb, Theodosios Kyriakou, Johannes Eichner, Lingyao Zeng, Christina Willenborg, Oscar Franzen, Arno Ruusalepp, Anuj Goel, Sander W van der Laan, Claudia Biegert, Stephen Hamby, Husain A Talukdar, Hassan Foroughi Asl, Gerard Pasterkamp, Hugh Watkins, Nilesh J Samani, Timo Wittenberger, Jeanette Erdmann, Heribert Schunkert, Folkert W Asselbergs, Johan L M Björkegren
Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified over two hundred chromosomal loci that modulate risk of coronary artery disease (CAD). The genes affected by variants at these loci are largely unknown and an untapped resource to improve our understanding of CAD pathophysiology and identify potential therapeutic targets. Here, we prioritized 68 genes as the most likely causal genes at genome-wide significant loci identified by GWAS of CAD and examined their regulatory roles in 286 metabolic and vascular tissue gene-protein sub-networks ("modules")...
February 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
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