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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020349/a-family-of-diseases-in-families-of-patients
#1
Heribert Schunkert, Peter Ewert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 25, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982690/phenotypic-consequences-of-a-genetic-predisposition-to-enhanced-nitric-oxide-signaling
#2
Connor A Emdin, Amit V Khera, Derek Klarin, Pradeep Natarajan, Seyedeh M Zekavat, Akihiro Nomura, Mary E Haas, Krishna Aragam, Diego Ardissino, James G Wilson, Heribert Schunkert, Ruth McPherson, Hugh Watkins, Roberto Elosua, Matthew J Bown, Nilesh J Samani, Usman Baber, Jeanette Erdmann, Padhraig Gormley, Aarno Palotie, Nathan Stitziel, Namrata Gupta, John N Danesh, Danish Saleheen, Stacey B Gabriel, Sekar Kathiresan
Background -Nitric oxide signaling plays a key role in regulation of vascular tone and platelet activation. Here, we seek to understand the impact of a genetic predisposition to enhanced nitric oxide signaling on risk for cardiovascular diseases, thus informing the potential utility of pharmacologic stimulation of the nitric oxide pathway as a therapeutic strategy. Methods -We analyzed the association of common and rare genetic variants in two genes that mediate nitric oxide signaling [Nitric Oxide Synthase 3 (NOS3) and Guanylate Cyclase 1, Soluble, Alpha 3 (GUCY1A3)] with a range of human phenotypes...
October 5, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903139/percutaneous-coronary-intervention-vs-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-in-patients-with-left-main-coronary-artery-stenosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Daniele Giacoppo, Roisin Colleran, Salvatore Cassese, Antonio H Frangieh, Jens Wiebe, Michael Joner, Heribert Schunkert, Adnan Kastrati, Robert A Byrne
Importance: In patients with left main coronary artery (LMCA) stenosis, coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has been the standard therapy for several decades. However, some studies suggest that percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents may be an acceptable alternative. Objective: To compare the long-term safety of PCI with drug-eluting stent vs CABG in patients with LMCA stenosis. Data Sources: PubMed, Scopus, EMBASE, Web of Knowledge, and ScienceDirect databases were searched from December 18, 2001, to February 1, 2017...
October 1, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860667/a-genomic-exploration-identifies-mechanisms-that-may-explain-adverse-cardiovascular-effects-of-cox-2-inhibitors
#4
Ingrid Brænne, Christina Willenborg, Vinicius Tragante, Thorsten Kessler, Lingyao Zeng, Benedikt Reiz, Mariana Kleinecke, Simon von Ameln, Cristen J Willer, Markku Laakso, Philipp S Wild, Tanja Zeller, Lars Wallentin, Paul W Franks, Veikko Salomaa, Abbas Dehghan, Thomas Meitinger, Nilesh J Samani, Folkert W Asselbergs, Jeanette Erdmann, Heribert Schunkert
Cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors (coxibs) are characterized by multiple molecular off-target effects and increased coronary artery disease (CAD) risk. Here, we systematically explored common variants of genes representing molecular targets of coxibs for association with CAD. Given a broad spectrum of pleiotropic effects of coxibs, our intention was to narrow potential mechanisms affecting CAD risk as we hypothesized that the affected genes may also display genomic signals of coronary disease risk. A Drug Gene Interaction Database search identified 47 gene products to be affected by coxibs...
August 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829817/genomic-correlates-of-glatiramer-acetate-adverse-cardiovascular-effects-lead-to-a-novel-locus-mediating-coronary-risk
#5
Ingrid Brænne, Lingyao Zeng, Christina Willenborg, Vinicius Tragante, Thorsten Kessler, Cristen J Willer, Markku Laakso, Lars Wallentin, Paul W Franks, Veikko Salomaa, Abbas Dehghan, Thomas Meitinger, Nilesh J Samani, Folkert W Asselbergs, Jeanette Erdmann, Heribert Schunkert
Glatiramer acetate is used therapeutically in multiple sclerosis but also known for adverse effects including elevated coronary artery disease (CAD) risk. The mechanisms underlying the cardiovascular side effects of the medication are unclear. Here, we made use of the chromosomal variation in the genes that are known to be affected by glatiramer treatment. Focusing on genes and gene products reported by drug-gene interaction database to interact with glatiramer acetate we explored a large meta-analysis on CAD genome-wide association studies aiming firstly, to investigate whether variants in these genes also affect cardiovascular risk and secondly, to identify new CAD risk genes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783201/validation-of-the-dapt-score-in-patients-randomized-to-6-or-12-months-clopidogrel-after-predominantly-second-generation-drug-eluting-stents
#6
Yukinori Harada, Jonathan Michel, Raphaela Lohaus, Katharina Mayer, Roberto Emmer, Anna Lena Lahmann, Roisin Colleran, Daniele Giacoppo, Annabelle Wolk, Jurrien M Ten Berg, Franz-Josef Neumann, Yaling Han, Tom Adriaenssens, Ralph Tölg, Melchior Seyfarth, Michael Maeng, Bernhard Zrenner, Claudius Jacobshagen, Jochen Wöhrle, Sebastian Kufner, Tanja Morath, Tareq Ibrahim, Isabell Bernlochner, Marcus Fischer, Heribert Schunkert, Karl-Ludwig Laugwitz, Julinda Mehilli, Robert A Byrne, Adnan Kastrati, Stefanie Schulz-Schüpke
The DAPT score is a recently-proposed decision tool for guiding optimal duration of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT). It showed modest accuracy in prior derivation and validation cohorts of patients with ≥12 months DAPT. This study was aimed to evaluate the validity of the DAPT score in a cohort of patients with 6 or 12 months DAPT after implantation of predominantly second-generation drug-eluting stents. We analyzed data of patients enrolled in the ISAR-SAFE trial. Patients were classified into low (<2) or high (≥2) DAPT score groups...
October 5, 2017: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743787/isar-pebis-paclitaxel-eluting-balloon-versus-conventional-balloon-angioplasty-for-in-stent-restenosis-of-superficial-femoral-artery-a%C3%A2-randomized-trial
#7
Ilka Ott, Salvatore Cassese, Philipp Groha, Birgit Steppich, Felix Voll, Martin Hadamitzky, Tareq Ibrahim, Sebastian Kufner, Karl Dewitz, Theresa Wittmann, Albert Markus Kasel, Karl-Ludwig Laugwitz, Heribert Schunkert, Adnan Kastrati, Massimiliano Fusaro
BACKGROUND: Paclitaxel-eluting balloon (PEB) angioplasty has superior efficacy compared with conventional balloon angioplasty (BA) for de novo lesions of superficial femoral artery (SFA). Studies investigating the angiographic and clinical performance of PEB angioplasty versus BA for in-stent restenosis of SFA are limited. We performed a randomized trial to investigate angiographic and clinical performance of PEB versus BA for in-stent restenosis of SFA. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients with symptomatic in-stent restenosis of SFA were randomly assigned to either PEB or BA at 2 centers in Munich, Germany...
July 25, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720499/coronary-artery-disease-associated-gene-phactr1-modulates-severity-of-vascular-calcification-in%C3%A2-vitro
#8
Redouane Aherrahrou, Zouhair Aherrahrou, Heribert Schunkert, Jeanette Erdmann
Calcification of vessels is strongly associated with atherosclerosis and leads to coronary artery disease (CAD) and myocardial infarction (MI). Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) revealed several genes that are associated with and contribute to CAD/MI as well as coronary artery calcification (CAC); however, the underlying mechanisms are unknown. PHACTR1, which encodes phosphatase and actin regulator 1, is among these risk genes. The aim of this study was to functionally test whether Phactr1 regulates calcification in vitro using murine embryonic stem cell (mESC)-derived smooth muscle cells (SMCs)...
September 16, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714975/association-analyses-based-on-false-discovery-rate-implicate-new-loci-for-coronary-artery-disease
#9
Christopher P Nelson, Anuj Goel, Adam S Butterworth, Stavroula Kanoni, Tom R Webb, Eirini Marouli, Lingyao Zeng, Ioanna Ntalla, Florence Y Lai, Jemma C Hopewell, Olga Giannakopoulou, Tao Jiang, Stephen E Hamby, Emanuele Di Angelantonio, Themistocles L Assimes, Erwin P Bottinger, John C Chambers, Robert Clarke, Colin N A Palmer, Richard M Cubbon, Patrick Ellinor, Raili Ermel, Evangelos Evangelou, Paul W Franks, Christopher Grace, Dongfeng Gu, Aroon D Hingorani, Joanna M M Howson, Erik Ingelsson, Adnan Kastrati, Thorsten Kessler, Theodosios Kyriakou, Terho Lehtimäki, Xiangfeng Lu, Yingchang Lu, Winfried März, Ruth McPherson, Andres Metspalu, Mar Pujades-Rodriguez, Arno Ruusalepp, Eric E Schadt, Amand F Schmidt, Michael J Sweeting, Pierre A Zalloua, Kamal AlGhalayini, Bernard D Keavney, Jaspal S Kooner, Ruth J F Loos, Riyaz S Patel, Martin K Rutter, Maciej Tomaszewski, Ioanna Tzoulaki, Eleftheria Zeggini, Jeanette Erdmann, George Dedoussis, Johan L M Björkegren, Heribert Schunkert, Martin Farrall, John Danesh, Nilesh J Samani, Hugh Watkins, Panos Deloukas
Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in coronary artery disease (CAD) had identified 66 loci at 'genome-wide significance' (P < 5 × 10(-8)) at the time of this analysis, but a much larger number of putative loci at a false discovery rate (FDR) of 5% (refs. 1,2,3,4). Here we leverage an interim release of UK Biobank (UKBB) data to evaluate the validity of the FDR approach. We tested a CAD phenotype inclusive of angina (SOFT; ncases = 10,801) as well as a stricter definition without angina (HARD; ncases = 6,482) and selected cases with the former phenotype to conduct a meta-analysis using the two most recent CAD GWAS...
September 2017: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683939/neointimal-modification-with-scoring-balloon-and-efficacy-of-drug-coated-balloon-therapy-in-patients-with-restenosis-in-drug-eluting-coronary-stents-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Sebastian Kufner, Michael Joner, Simon Schneider, Ralph Tölg, Bernhard Zrenner, Janika Repp, Alissa Starkmann, Erion Xhepa, Tareq Ibrahim, Salvatore Cassese, Massimiliano Fusaro, Ilka Ott, Christian Hengstenberg, Heribert Schunkert, Mohamed Abdel-Wahab, Karl-Ludwig Laugwitz, Adnan Kastrati, Robert A Byrne
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare neointimal modification with scoring balloon pre-dilation before drug-coated balloon (DCB) versus DCB standard therapy in patients presenting with drug-eluting stent (DES) restenosis. BACKGROUND: DCB angioplasty for the treatment of coronary drug-eluting stent restenosis has demonstrated encouraging results. The efficacy of DCB treatment relies on rapid initial drug transfer and tissue retention of the antiproliferative drug...
July 10, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671552/mid-term-clinical-outcomes-with-everolimus-eluting-bioresorbable-scaffolds-versus-everolimus-eluting-metallic-stents-for-percutaneous-coronary-interventions-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-trials
#11
Salvatore Cassese, Byrne A Robert, Peter Jüni, Joanna J Wykrzykowska, Serban Puricel, Gjin Ndrepepa, Heribert Schunkert, Massimiliano Fusaro, Stephane Cook, Takeshi Kimura, Jose P S Henriques, Patrick W Serruys, Stephan Windecker, Adnan Kastrati
AIMS: To compare the mid-term clinical outcomes of patients treated with everolimus-eluting bioresorbable scaffold (BVS) versus everolimus-eluting metallic stent (EES) for percutaneous coronary intervention. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed a meta-analysis of aggregate data by searching Medline, EMBASE, Cochrane databases and proceedings of international meetings for randomized trials reporting the clinical outcomes beyond 1 year of patients treated with BVS versus EES...
July 4, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645804/prognostic-impact-of-anemia-and-iron-deficiency-anemia-in-a-contemporary-cohort-of-patients-undergoing-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#12
Tobias Rheude, Costanza Pellegrini, Jonathan Michel, Teresa Trenkwalder, N Patrick Mayr, Thorsten Kessler, Albert M Kasel, Heribert Schunkert, Adnan Kastrati, Christian Hengstenberg, Oliver Husser
INTRODUCTION: Anemia is frequent in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) with a strong negative prognostic impact. The prevalence and prognosis of anemia and separately of iron-deficiency anemia in contemporary patients are unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: In total, 549 consecutive patients undergoing transfemoral TAVI were included in the single-center study. Baseline anemia was defined as a hemoglobin level <13g/dL in men and <12g/dL in women...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641842/long-term-clinical-outcomes-of-patients%C3%A2-treated-with-everolimus-eluting-bioresorbable-stents-in-routine-practice-2-year-results-of-the-isar-absorb-registry
#13
Jens Wiebe, Petra Hoppmann, Roisin Colleran, Sebastian Kufner, Michael Valeskini, Salvatore Cassese, Simon Schneider, Michael Joner, Heribert Schunkert, Karl-Ludwig Laugwitz, Adnan Kastrati, Robert A Byrne
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to report clinical outcomes in patients treated in routine practice 2 years after everolimus-eluting bioresorbable stent (BRS) implantation. BACKGROUND: Long-term results in patients undergoing BRS implantation in routine clinical practice are sparse, and existing evidence from randomized trials considers mostly selected patients. METHODS: The ISAR-ABSORB registry enrolled consecutive patients undergoing BRS implantation in routine clinical practice at 2 high-volume centers in Germany...
June 26, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606889/parallel-suture-technique-with-proglide-a-novel-method-for-management-of-vascular-access-during-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-tavi
#14
Ilka Ott, Anupama Shivaraju, Nina R Schäffer, Antonio H Frangieh, Jonathan Michel, Oliver Husser, Christian Hengstenberg, Patrick Mayr, Roisin Colleran, Constanza Pellegrini, Salvatore Cassese, Massimilliano Fusaro, Heribert Schunkert, Adnan Kastrati, Albert M Kasel
AIMS: Aim of this study was to evaluate vascular complications using the "parallel suture technique" in patients receiving Edwards SAPIEN XT (SXT) or SAPIEN S3 (S3) transcatheter heart valve (THV). METHODS AND RESULTS: Two hundred consecutive patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis treated with TF-TAVI were included in this study where the "parallel suture technique" was applied for vascular access site closure. This was achieved by placing the sutures medial and lateral to the puncture site...
June 13, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579339/prognostic-value-of-alkaline-phosphatase-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndromes
#15
MULTICENTER STUDY
Gjin Ndrepepa, Stefan Holdenrieder, Erion Xhepa, Salvatore Cassese, Massimiliano Fusaro, Karl-Ludwig Laugwitz, Heribert Schunkert, Adnan Kastrati
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to investigate the association between alkaline phosphatase (AP) activity and prognosis of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). DESIGN AND METHODS: The study included 2134 patients with ACS undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. All included patients had baseline AP measurements available. The receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that the best cut-off of AP for mortality prediction was 98...
October 2017: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530674/fifteen-new-risk-loci-for-coronary-artery-disease-highlight-arterial-wall-specific-mechanisms
#16
Joanna M M Howson, Wei Zhao, Daniel R Barnes, Weang-Kee Ho, Robin Young, Dirk S Paul, Lindsay L Waite, Daniel F Freitag, Eric B Fauman, Elias L Salfati, Benjamin B Sun, John D Eicher, Andrew D Johnson, Wayne H H Sheu, Sune F Nielsen, Wei-Yu Lin, Praveen Surendran, Anders Malarstig, Jemma B Wilk, Anne Tybjærg-Hansen, Katrine L Rasmussen, Pia R Kamstrup, Panos Deloukas, Jeanette Erdmann, Sekar Kathiresan, Nilesh J Samani, Heribert Schunkert, Hugh Watkins, Ron Do, Daniel J Rader, Julie A Johnson, Stanley L Hazen, Arshed A Quyyumi, John A Spertus, Carl J Pepine, Nora Franceschini, Anne Justice, Alex P Reiner, Steven Buyske, Lucia A Hindorff, Cara L Carty, Kari E North, Charles Kooperberg, Eric Boerwinkle, Kristin Young, Mariaelisa Graff, Ulrike Peters, Devin Absher, Chao A Hsiung, Wen-Jane Lee, Kent D Taylor, Ying-Hsiang Chen, I-Te Lee, Xiuqing Guo, Ren-Hua Chung, Yi-Jen Hung, Jerome I Rotter, Jyh-Ming J Juang, Thomas Quertermous, Tzung-Dau Wang, Asif Rasheed, Philippe Frossard, Dewan S Alam, Abdulla Al Shafi Majumder, Emanuele Di Angelantonio, Rajiv Chowdhury, Yii-Der Ida Chen, Børge G Nordestgaard, Themistocles L Assimes, John Danesh, Adam S Butterworth, Danish Saleheen
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Although 58 genomic regions have been associated with CAD thus far, most of the heritability is unexplained, indicating that additional susceptibility loci await identification. An efficient discovery strategy may be larger-scale evaluation of promising associations suggested by genome-wide association studies (GWAS). Hence, we genotyped 56,309 participants using a targeted gene array derived from earlier GWAS results and performed meta-analysis of results with 194,427 participants previously genotyped, totaling 88,192 CAD cases and 162,544 controls...
July 2017: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506971/protein-truncating-variants-at-the-cholesteryl-ester-transfer-protein-gene-and-risk-for-coronary-heart-disease
#17
Akihiro Nomura, Hong-Hee Won, Amit V Khera, Fumihiko Takeuchi, Kaoru Ito, Shane McCarthy, Connor A Emdin, Derek Klarin, Pradeep Natarajan, Seyedeh M Zekavat, Namrata Gupta, Gina M Peloso, Ingrid B Borecki, Tanya M Teslovich, Rosanna Asselta, Stefano Duga, Piera A Merlini, Adolfo Correa, Thorsten Kessler, James G Wilson, Matthew J Bown, Alistair S Hall, Peter S Braund, David J Carey, Michael F Murray, H Lester Kirchner, Joseph B Leader, Daniel R Lavage, J Neil Manus, Dustin N Hartze, Nilesh J Samani, Heribert Schunkert, Jaume Marrugat, Roberto Elosua, Ruth McPherson, Martin Farrall, Hugh Watkins, Jyh-Ming J Juang, Chao A Hsiung, Shih-Yi Lin, Jun-Sing Wang, Hayato Tada, Masa-Aki Kawashiri, Akihiro Inazu, Masakazu Yamagishi, Tomohiro Katsuya, Eitaro Nakashima, Masahiro Nakatochi, Ken Yamamoto, Mitsuhiro Yokota, Yukihide Momozawa, Jerome I Rotter, Eric S Lander, Daniel J Rader, John Danesh, Diego Ardissino, Stacey Gabriel, Cristen J Willer, Goncalo R Abecasis, Danish Saleheen, Michiaki Kubo, Norihiro Kato, Yii-Der Ida Chen, Frederick E Dewey, Sekar Kathiresan
RATIONALE: Therapies that inhibit CETP (cholesteryl ester transfer protein) have failed to demonstrate a reduction in risk for coronary heart disease (CHD). Human DNA sequence variants that truncate the CETP gene may provide insight into the efficacy of CETP inhibition. OBJECTIVE: To test whether protein-truncating variants (PTVs) at the CETP gene were associated with plasma lipid levels and CHD. METHODS AND RESULTS: We sequenced the exons of the CETP gene in 58 469 participants from 12 case-control studies (18 817 CHD cases, 39 652 CHD-free controls)...
June 23, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500730/comparative-prognostic-value-of-postprocedural-creatine-kinase-myocardial-band-and-high-sensitivity-troponin-t-in-patients-with-non-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#18
Gjin Ndrepepa, Roisin Colleran, Siegmund Braun, Erion Xhepa, Julia Hieber, Salvatore Cassese, Massimiliano Fusaro, Sebastian Kufner, Karl-Ludwig Laugwitz, Heribert Schunkert, Adnan Kastrati
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess the prognostic value of postprocedural creatine kinase myocardial band (CK-MB) and cardiac troponin (cTn) in patients with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). BACKGROUND: Whether postprocedural CK-MB or cTn is a better biomarker to stratify the risk after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains unknown. METHODS: This study included 2,077 patients with NSTEMI undergoing early PCI...
May 13, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495433/ventricular-and-supraventricular-ectopy-in-subjects-with-early-repolarization
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
Teresa Trenkwalder, Ryan King, Bernhard M Kaess, Christian Hengstenberg, Heribert Schunkert, Till Ittermann, Stephan B Felix, Mathias Busch, Marcus Dörr, Wibke Reinhard
Early repolarization (ER) is a common electrocardiographic (ECG) finding that is associated with an increased risk of idiopathic ventricular fibrillation and sudden cardiac death. This study investigated whether the presence of ER is a predictor of ventricular and supraventricular ectopy as a marker for electrical instability. Standard 12-lead electrocardiograms of the first follow-up in the population-based Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP-1) (n = 3,300, age 20 to 79 years) were analyzed to identify subjects with an ER pattern...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487391/functional-characterization-of-the-gucy1a3-coronary-artery-disease-risk-locus
#20
Thorsten Kessler, Jana Wobst, Bernhard Wolf, Juliane Eckhold, Baiba Vilne, Ronja Hollstein, Simon von Ameln, Tan An Dang, Hendrik B Sager, Philipp Moritz Rumpf, Redouane Aherrahrou, Adnan Kastrati, Johan L M Björkegren, Jeanette Erdmann, Aldons J Lusis, Mete Civelek, Frank J Kaiser, Heribert Schunkert
BACKGROUND: A chromosomal locus at 4q32.1 has been genome-wide significantly associated with coronary artery disease risk. The locus encompasses GUCY1A3, which encodes the α1 subunit of the soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC), a key enzyme in the nitric oxide/cGMP signaling pathway. The mechanism linking common variants in this region with coronary risk is not known. METHODS: Gene expression and protein expression were analyzed with quantitative polymerase chain reaction and immunoblotting, respectively...
August 1, 2017: Circulation
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