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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345234/current-approaches-to-epistaxis-treatment-in-primary-and-secondary-care
#1
Rafael Beck, Martin Sorge, Antonius Schneider, Andreas Dietz
BACKGROUND: The lifetime prevalence of epistaxis is approximately 60%, and 6-10% of the affected persons need medical care. In rare cases, severe bleeding calls for the rapid initiation of effective treatment. METHODS: This review is based on pertinent articles that were retrieved by a selective search PubMed, and on the authors' clinical experience. RESULTS: There are no German guidelines for the management of epistaxis. The available evidence consists mainly of retro spective analyses and expert opinions...
January 8, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319604/the-european-society-of-regional-anaesthesia-and-pain-therapy-american-society-of-regional-anesthesia-and-pain-medicine-recommendations-on-local-anesthetics-and-adjuvants-dosage-in-pediatric-regional-anesthesia
#2
Santhanam Suresh, Claude Ecoffey, Adrian Bosenberg, Per-Anne Lonnqvist, Gildasio S de Oliveira, Oscar de Leon Casasola, José de Andrés, Giorgio Ivani
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Dosage of local anesthetics (LAs) used for regional anesthesia in children is not well determined. In order to evaluate and come to a consensus regarding some of these controversial topics, The European Society of Regional Anaesthesia and Pain Therapy (ESRA) and the American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine (ASRA) developed a Joint Committee Practice Advisory on Local Anesthetics and Adjuvants Dosage in Pediatric Regional Anesthesia. METHODS: Representatives from both ASRA and ESRA composed the joint committee practice advisory...
January 9, 2018: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169795/paravertebral-block-for-thoracic-surgery
#3
REVIEW
Francine D'Ercole, Harendra Arora, Priya A Kumar
Local anesthetic injected into a wedge-shaped space lateral to the spinal nerves as they emerge from the intervertebral foramina produces somatosensory and sympathetic nerve blockade effective for anesthesia and for managing pain of unilateral origin from the chest and abdomen. Paravertebral blockade (PVB) is versatile and may be applied unilaterally or bilaterally. Unlike thoracic epidural, the PVB technique may be used to avoid contralateral sympathectomy, thereby minimizing hypotension and leading to better preservation of blood pressure...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029588/society-for-the-advancement-of-transplant-anesthesia-liver-transplant-anesthesia-fellowship-white-paper-advocating-measurable-proficiency-in-transplant-specialties-training
#4
Ryan M Chadha, Cara Crouch, Jeron Zerillo, Ernesto A Pretto, Raymond Planinsic, Sang Kim, Ramona Nicolau-Raducu, Dieter Adelmann, Elia Elia, Christopher L Wray, Coimbatore Srinivas, M Susan Mandell
The anesthesia community has openly debated if the care of transplant patients was generalist or specialist care ever since the publication of an opinion paper in 1999 recommended subspecialty training in the field of liver transplantation anesthesia. In the past decade, liver transplant anesthesia has become more complex with a sicker patient population and evolving evidence-based practices. Transplant training is currently not required for accreditation or certification in anesthesiology, and not all anesthesia residency programs are associated with transplant centers...
December 2017: Seminars in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026822/intraoperative-nerve-stimulation-during-brachial-plexus-surgery-comparison-between-a-totally-disposable-nerve-stimulator-and-nerve-stimulator-normally-used-for-nerve-blocks
#5
Ahmed Thallaj, Wadha M Alotaibi, Tariq AlZahrani, Abdulaziz S Abaalkhail, Amel A F El-Sayed, Mohammad M Al-Qattan
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative nerve stimulation is done routinely in brachial plexus and peripheral nerve surgery as well as in selective neurectomy in spastic patients. OBJECTIVE: The current study compares the use of 2 different devices for nerve stimulation: a totally disposable nerve stimulator and a nerve stimulator used for nerve blocks by anesthetists. METHODS: A retrospective study of 60 patients who underwent brachial plexus surgery: In 30 patients, we used the totally disposable nerve stimulator (group 1) and in another 30 patients, we used the anesthesia device (group 2)...
August 2017: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986337/improving-neuromuscular-monitoring-and-reducing-residual-neuromuscular-blockade-with-e-learning-protocol-for-the-multicenter-interrupted-time-series-invert-study
#6
Jakob Louis Demant Thomsen, Ole Mathiesen, Daniel Hägi-Pedersen, Lene Theil Skovgaard, Doris Østergaard, Jens Engbaek, Mona Ring Gätke
BACKGROUND: Muscle relaxants facilitate endotracheal intubation under general anesthesia and improve surgical conditions. Residual neuromuscular blockade occurs when the patient is still partially paralyzed when awakened after surgery. The condition is associated with subjective discomfort and an increased risk of respiratory complications. Use of an objective neuromuscular monitoring device may prevent residual block. Despite this, many anesthetists refrain from using the device. Efforts to increase the use of objective monitoring are time consuming and require the presence of expert personnel...
October 6, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735860/are-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-residents-being-adequately-trained-to-care-for-pediatric-patients
#7
Shelly Abramowicz, Leonard B Kaban, Andrew S Wurtzel, Steven M Roser
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether current oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS) residents are receiving adequate training and experience to perform specific surgical procedures and anesthesia for pediatric patients. STUDY DESIGN: A 17-question survey was sent electronically to fellows of the American Academy of Craniomaxillofacial Surgeons. Descriptive data for individual surgeons, their associated residency programs, and the quantity of specific pediatric procedures they performed were collected...
May 4, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625308/the-role-of-ultrasonography-in-obstetric-anesthesia
#8
REVIEW
Allison Lee, John P R Loughrey
Ultrasonography is increasingly being viewed as an everyday tool in obstetric anesthesia. For the administration of spinal or epidural anesthesia, it reduces needle redirection attempts in patients with difficult anatomy. In the less frequent scenario of a collapsed patient, it helps with assessment in the form of transthoracic echocardiography. Abdominal blocks require ultrasound guidance for safe and anatomically correct placement. Accurate assessment of gastric volume status with ultrasound would be a useful everyday skill if it is adopted into mainstream practice...
March 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356445/diagnosis-treatment-and-long-term-management-of-kawasaki-disease-a-scientific-statement-for-health-professionals-from-the-american-heart-association
#9
REVIEW
Brian W McCrindle, Anne H Rowley, Jane W Newburger, Jane C Burns, Anne F Bolger, Michael Gewitz, Annette L Baker, Mary Anne Jackson, Masato Takahashi, Pinak B Shah, Tohru Kobayashi, Mei-Hwan Wu, Tsutomu T Saji, Elfriede Pahl
BACKGROUND: Kawasaki disease is an acute vasculitis of childhood that leads to coronary artery aneurysms in ≈25% of untreated cases. It has been reported worldwide and is the leading cause of acquired heart disease in children in developed countries. METHODS AND RESULTS: To revise the previous American Heart Association guidelines, a multidisciplinary writing group of experts was convened to review and appraise available evidence and practice-based opinion, as well as to provide updated recommendations for diagnosis, treatment of the acute illness, and long-term management...
April 25, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097415/anesthesia-practices-for-interventional-radiology-in-europe
#10
Alessandra Vari, Afshin Gangi
PURPOSE: The Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiological Society of Europe (CIRSE) prompted an initiative to frame the current European status of anesthetic practices for interventional radiology, in consideration of the current variability of IR suite settings, staffing and anesthetic practices reported in the literature and of the growing debate on sedation administered by non-anesthesiologists, in Europe. METHODS: Anonymous online survey available to all European CIRSE members to assess IR setting, demographics, peri-procedural care, anesthetic management, resources and staffing, pain management, data collection, safety, management of emergencies and personal opinions on the role CIRSE should have in promoting anesthetic care for interventional radiology...
June 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27110239/percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-current-clinical-opinions-and-anesthesiologists-perspective
#11
REVIEW
Indira Malik, Rachna Wadhwa
Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL), a minimally invasive method for removal of renal calculi, was initially started in the 1950s but gained popularity about two decades later and has now become standard practice for management. There has been an immense improvement in technique and various guidelines have been established for treatment of renal stones. However, it has its own share of complications which can be attributed to surgical technique as well as anesthesia related complications. PubMed and Google search yielded more than 30 articles describing the different complications seen in this procedure, out of which 15 major articles were selected for writing this review...
2016: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26928148/randomized-controlled-trial-of-prolonged-second-stage-extending-the-time-limit-vs-usual-guidelines
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Alexis C Gimovsky, Vincenzo Berghella
BACKGROUND: Guidelines for management of the second stage have been proposed since the 1800s and were created largely by expert opinion. Current retrospective data are mixed regarding differences in maternal and neonatal outcomes with a prolonged second stage. There are no randomized controlled trials that have evaluated whether extending the second stage of labor beyond current American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommendations is beneficial. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether extending the length of labor in nulliparous women with prolonged second stage affects the incidence of cesarean delivery and maternal and neonatal outcomes...
March 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26847777/integrative-literature-review-ascertaining-discharge-readiness-for-pediatrics-after-anesthesia
#13
REVIEW
Deborah R Whitley
PURPOSE: Unplanned hospital readmissions after the administration of general anesthesia for ambulatory procedures may contribute to loss of reimbursement and assessment of financial penalties. Pediatric patients represent a unique anesthetic risk. The purpose of this integrative literature review was to ascertain specific criteria used to evaluate discharge readiness for pediatric patients after anesthesia. DESIGN: This study is an integrative review of literature...
February 2016: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26568921/checklists-and-other-cognitive-aids-for-emergency-and-routine-anesthesia-care-a-survey-on-the-perception-of-anesthesia-providers-from-a-large-academic-us-institution
#14
Jens W Krombach, William A Edwards, James D Marks, Oliver C Radke
BACKGROUND: The use of printed or electronic checklists and other cognitive aids has gained increasing interest from anesthesia providers and professional societies. While these aids are not currently considered standard of care, the perceptions of the clinician might have an impact on their adoption. OBJECTIVES: We conducted a comprehensive survey to study the current opinions of anesthesia provider on the use of checklists and other cognitive aids. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A questionnaire was developed by a departmental checklist focus group, which aimed to identify the perception of health care checklists in general as well as specific checklists for routine and crisis situations in anesthesia...
August 2015: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26559766/pediatric-emergence-delirium-canadian-pediatric-anesthesiologists-experience
#15
H David Rosen, Deborah Mervitz, Joseph P Cravero
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric emergence agitation/delirium (ED) is a cluster of behaviors seen in the early postanesthetic period with negative emotional consequences for families and increased utilization of healthcare resources. Many studies have looked at identifying risk factors for ED and at pharmacologic regimens to prevent ED. There are few published reports on treatment options and efficacy for established ED episodes, and essentially no data concerning current practice in the treatment of ED...
February 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26283814/knowledge-and-attitude-of-dental-surgeons-in-india-toward-ocular-complications-of-intra-oral-local-anesthesia
#16
Kavitha Patil, Vinod Kumar, Karishma Munoli
BACKGROUND: Ocular disturbances such as blurring of vision, mydriasis, palpebral ptosis, diplopia, ptosis, enophthalmos, miosis, and blindness (temporary or permanent) are rare complications due to intra-oral local anesthesia. Currently, the guidelines to dentists on preventing and caring for such ocular problems are lacking. Hence, we evaluated the knowledge and attitudes of dentists toward ocular complications of intra-oral anesthesia as a means to assess the need for such guidelines...
July 2015: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26263076/anatomy-and-pathophysiology-of-spinal-cord-injury-associated-with-regional-anesthesia-and-pain-medicine-2015-update
#17
REVIEW
Joseph M Neal, Sandra L Kopp, Jeffrey J Pasternak, William L Lanier, James P Rathmell
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In March 2012, the American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine convened its second Practice Advisory on Neurological Complications in Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine. This update is based on the proceedings of that conference and relevant information published since its conclusion. This article updates previously described information on the pathophysiology of spinal cord injury and adds new material on spinal stenosis, blood pressure control during neuraxial blockade, neuraxial injury subsequent to transforaminal procedures, cauda equina syndrome/local anesthetic neurotoxicity/arachnoiditis, and performing regional anesthetic or pain medicine procedures in patients concomitantly receiving general anesthesia or deep sedation...
September 2015: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26192549/the-european-society-of-regional-anaesthesia-and-pain-therapy-and-the-american-society-of-regional-anesthesia-and-pain-medicine-joint-committee-practice-advisory-on-controversial-topics-in-pediatric-regional-anesthesia
#18
REVIEW
Giorgio Ivani, Santhanam Suresh, Claude Ecoffey, Adrian Bosenberg, Per-Anne Lonnqvist, Elliot Krane, Francis Veyckemans, David M Polaner, Marc Van de Velde, Joseph M Neal
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Some topics in the clinical management of regional anesthesia in children remain controversial. To evaluate and come to a consensus regarding some of these topics, The European Society of Regional Anaesthesia and Pain Therapy (ESRA) and the American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine (ASRA) developed a joint committee practice advisory on pediatric regional anesthesia (PRA). METHODS: Representatives from both ASRA and ESRA comprised the joint committee practice advisory on PRA...
September 2015: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26180431/hemodynamic-monitoring-in-nigerian-patients-undergoing-high-risk-surgery
#19
Babatunde Babasola Osinaike
BACKGROUND: Hemodynamic monitoring (HM) and optimization of cardiac output and parameters of dynamic fluid responsiveness is said to improve perioperative outcome in high-risk surgical patients (HRSP). There is insufficient data to determine the burden of care and HM practices in HRSP in Nigeria. Hence, the need to assess and document the current hemodynamic management practices of anesthetists in Nigeria regarding patients undergoing high-risk surgery. METHODS: An electronic mail (E-mail) based survey was conducted among 180 consultant members of the Nigeria Society of Anaesthetists...
July 2015: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26067751/concepts-for-the-development-of-a-customizable-checklist-for-use-by-patients
#20
Rohesh J Fernando, Fred E Shapiro, Noah M Rosenberg, Angela M Bader, Richard D Urman
OBJECTIVES: Checklists are tools that are developed to complete tasks by drawing on specific and relevant knowledge and supporting communication at critical times. If checklists were designed specifically for patient use, they could promote patient engagement, potentially leading to improved quality of care. Physicians of all specialties, nurses, patients, patient advocates, and administrators can take an active role in checklist development and dissemination. METHODS: Our method to investigate concepts in developing a customizable patient checklist included a literature search concerning existing checklists and resources currently available to patients...
June 10, 2015: Journal of Patient Safety
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