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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912416/a-case-of-tranexamic-acid-as-adjunctive-treatment-for-chronic-subdural-hematoma-with-multiple-recurrences
#1
Ronni Mikkelsen, Thorkil Anker-Møller, Anne-Mette Hvas, Niels Sunde
BACKGROUND Chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) is a common neurosurgical condition that is treated using a cranial burr hole evacuation procedure, but recurrence is common. The use of anticoagulant therapy can increase the risk of developing a recurrent subdural hematoma. We present a challenging case of a patient on long-term anticoagulant therapy following previous aortic and aortic valve surgery who had CSDH with multiple recurrences and was ultimately treated with tranexamic acid as an adjunct to surgery. CASE REPORT A male patient in his mid-sixties presented with a headache and bilateral CSDH...
September 15, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877540/evidence-for-the-use-of-tranexamic-acid-in-subarachnoid-and-subdural-hemorrhage-a-systematic-review
#2
Thorkil Anker-Møller, Anne Troldborg, Niels Sunde, Anne-Mette Hvas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 6, 2017: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862323/a-comparative-study-of-quality-and-safety-of-atlantic-cod-gadus-morhua-fillets-during-cold-storage-as-affected-by-different-thawing-methods-of-pre-rigor-frozen-headed-and-gutted-fish
#3
Irja Sunde Roiha, Ásbjörn Jónsson, Christoph Josef Backi, Bjørn Tore Lunestad, Magnea G Karlsdóttir
BACKGROUND: The catch of marine whitefish is typically seasonal, whereas the land based processing industry has a need for all-year stable supply of raw materials. This challenge can be met by applying fish frozen at sea. When using frozen fish the methods employed for thawing may influence the safety and quality of the final product. This study aimed to investigate the applicability of novel thawing strategies in order to provide an all-year supply of high-quality and safe cod products...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854595/dormancy-and-activation-of-human-oocytes-from-primordial-and-primary-follicles-molecular-clues-to-oocyte-regulation
#4
E H Ernst, M L Grøndahl, S Grund, K Hardy, A Heuck, L Sunde, S Franks, C Y Andersen, P Villesen, K Lykke-Hartmann
STUDY QUESTION: Do specific transcriptome dynamics in human oocytes from primordial and primary follicles identify novel pathways in oocyte activation? SUMMARY ANSWER: The transcriptomic profiles in oocytes from primordial and primary follicles, respectively, revealed several new canonical pathways as putative mediators of oocyte dormancy and activation. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Cellular signaling pathways including PI3K/AKT and AKT/mTOR as well as TGF-β and IGF signaling are known to regulate the primordial-to-primary transition in mammalian follicle development...
August 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832961/risk-of-death-from-breast-cancer-after-treatment-for-ductal-carcinoma-in-situ
#5
C Wadsten, H Garmo, I Fredriksson, M Sund, F Wärnberg
BACKGROUND: Studies to date have failed to demonstrate any survival benefit from preventing local recurrence after treatment for ductal breast carcinoma in situ (DCIS). Patient- and tumour-related risk factors for death from breast cancer in women with a primary DCIS were analysed here in a large case-control study. METHODS: A nested case-control study was conducted in a population-based cohort of women with primary DCIS between 1992 and 2012. Women who later died from breast cancer were identified...
October 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830469/retinopathy-of-prematurity-inflammation-choroidal-degeneration-and-novel-promising-therapeutic-strategies
#6
REVIEW
José Carlos Rivera, Mari Holm, Dordi Austeng, Tora Sund Morken, Tianwei Ellen Zhou, Alexandra Beaudry-Richard, Estefania Marin Sierra, Olaf Dammann, Sylvain Chemtob
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is an important cause of childhood blindness globally, and the incidence is rising. The disease is characterized by initial arrested retinal vascularization followed by neovascularization and ensuing retinal detachment causing permanent visual loss. Although neovascularization can be effectively treated via retinal laser ablation, it is unknown which children are at risk of entering this vision-threatening phase of the disease. Laser ablation may itself induce visual field deficits, and there is therefore a need to identify targets for novel and less destructive treatments of ROP...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814431/calprotectin-as-a-marker-of-inflammation-in-patients-with-early-rheumatoid-arthritis
#7
Maria Karolina Jonsson, Nina Paulshus Sundlisæter, Hilde Haugedal Nordal, Hilde Berner Hammer, Anna-Birgitte Aga, Inge Christoffer Olsen, Karl Albert Brokstad, Désirée van der Heijde, Tore K Kvien, Bjørg-Tilde Svanes Fevang, Siri Lillegraven, Espen A Haavardsholm
OBJECTIVES: Calprotectin is an inflammatory marker of interest in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We evaluated whether the level of calprotectin was associated with disease activity, and if it was predictive of treatment response and radiographic progression in patients with early RA. METHODS: Plasma from disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD)-naïve patients with RA fulfilling 2010 American College of Rheumatology/European League Against Rheumatism classification criteria with symptom duration <2 years was analysed for calprotectin at baseline, and after 1, 3 and 12 months...
August 16, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802250/a-population-based-study-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-treatment-in-finland-2000-2014
#8
Matti T Laine, Sani J Laukontaus, Reijo Sund, Pekka S Aho, Ilkka Kantonen, Anders Albäck, Maarit Venermo
Background -In the event of rupture of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), mortality is very high. AAA prevalence and incidence of ruptures has been reported to be decreasing. The treatment of AAA has also undergone a change in recent decades with a shift towards endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). Our aim was to evaluate how these changes have affected the elective and emergency treatment of AAA and their results in Finland. Methods -All patients treated for AAA in Finland, a country with a population of 5...
August 11, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793177/infants-with-prenatally-diagnosed-kidney-anomalies-have-an-increased-risk-of-urinary-tract-infections
#9
Maria Rasmussen, Lone Sunde, René Frydensbjerg Andersen, Olav Bjørn Petersen, Morten Smaerup Olsen
AIM: This study estimated the urinary tract infection (UTI) risk in a nationwide cohort of infants prenatally diagnosed with parenchymal kidney anomalies compared with a comparison cohort. METHODS: A Danish population-based nationwide cohort of fetuses diagnosed with parenchymal kidney anomalies between 2007 and 2012 had previously been identified. These were compared with fetuses without kidney anomalies who were prenatally scanned the same year. Live born infants were followed from birth until the diagnosis of UTI, emigration, death or two years of age...
August 9, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780242/what-if-medical-abortion-becomes-the-main-or-only-method-of-first-trimester-abortion-a-roundtable-of-views
#10
Kevin Sunde Oppegaard, Margaret Sparrow, Paul Hyland, Francisca García, Cristina Villarreal, Aníbal Faúndes, Laura Miranda, Marge Berer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 3, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771556/common-starlings-sturnus-vulgaris-increasingly-select-for-grazed-areas-with-increasing-distance-to-nest
#11
Henning Heldbjerg, Anthony D Fox, Peder V Thellesen, Lars Dalby, Peter Sunde
The abundant and widespread Common Starling (Sturnus vulgaris) is currently declining across much of Europe due to landscape changes caused by agricultural intensification. The proximate mechanisms causing adverse effects to breeding Starlings are unclear, hampering our ability to implement cost-efficient agri-environmental schemes to restore populations to former levels. This study aimed to show how this central foraging farmland bird uses and selects land cover types in general and how use of foraging habitat changes in relation to distance from the nest...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764750/risk-of-head-and-traumatic-brain-injuries-associated-with-antidepressant-use-among-community-dwelling-persons-with-alzheimer-s-disease-a-nationwide-matched-cohort-study
#12
Heidi Taipale, Marjaana Koponen, Antti Tanskanen, Piia Lavikainen, Reijo Sund, Jari Tiihonen, Sirpa Hartikainen, Anna-Maija Tolppanen
BACKGROUND: Antidepressant use has been associated with an increased risk of falling, but no studies have been conducted on whether antidepressant use is associated with an increased risk of head injuries which often result from falling among older persons. The objective of this study was to investigate the risk of head and brain injuries associated with antidepressant use among community-dwelling persons with Alzheimer's disease. METHODS: A matched cohort study was conducted by comparing new antidepressant users (n = 10,910) with two matched nonusers (n = 21,820) in the MEDALZ study cohort...
August 1, 2017: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760517/the-international-glossary-on-infertility-and-fertility-care-2017
#13
Fernando Zegers-Hochschild, G David Adamson, Silke Dyer, Catherine Racowsky, Jacques de Mouzon, Rebecca Sokol, Laura Rienzi, Arne Sunde, Lone Schmidt, Ian D Cooke, Joe Leigh Simpson, Sheryl van der Poel
STUDY QUESTION: Can a consensus and evidence-driven set of terms and definitions be generated to be used globally in order to ensure consistency when reporting on infertility issues and fertility care interventions, as well as to harmonize communication among the medical and scientific communities, policy-makers, and lay public including individuals and couples experiencing fertility problems? SUMMARY ANSWER: A set of 283 consensus-based and evidence-driven terminologies used in infertility and fertility care has been generated through an inclusive consensus-based process with multiple stakeholders...
September 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754778/cancer-risk-and-survival-in-path_mmr-carriers-by-gene-and-gender-up-to-75-years-of-age-a-report-from-the-prospective-lynch-syndrome-database
#14
Pål Møller, Toni T Seppälä, Inge Bernstein, Elke Holinski-Feder, Paulo Sala, D Gareth Evans, Annika Lindblom, Finlay Macrae, Ignacio Blanco, Rolf H Sijmons, Jacqueline Jeffries, Hans F A Vasen, John Burn, Sigve Nakken, Eivind Hovig, Einar Andreas Rødland, Kukatharmini Tharmaratnam, Wouter H de Vos Tot Nederveen Cappel, James Hill, Juul T Wijnen, Mark A Jenkins, Kate Green, Fiona Lalloo, Lone Sunde, Miriam Mints, Lucio Bertario, Marta Pineda, Matilde Navarro, Monika Morak, Laura Renkonen-Sinisalo, Mev Dominguez Valentin, Ian M Frayling, John-Paul Plazzer, Kirsi Pylvanainen, Maurizio Genuardi, Jukka-Pekka Mecklin, Gabriela Moeslein, Julian R Sampson, Gabriel Capella
BACKGROUND: Most patients with path_MMR gene variants (Lynch syndrome (LS)) now survive both their first and subsequent cancers, resulting in a growing number of older patients with LS for whom limited information exists with respect to cancer risk and survival. OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: This observational, international, multicentre study aimed to determine prospectively observed incidences of cancers and survival in path_MMR carriers up to 75 years of age. RESULTS: 3119 patients were followed for a total of 24 475 years...
July 28, 2017: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749335/evaluation-of-a-widely-used-culture-based-method-for-detection-of-livestock-associated-meticillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-mrsa-denmark-and-norway-2014-to-2016
#15
Jesper Larsen, Marianne Sunde, Md Zohorul Islam, Anne Margrete Urdahl, Aina Steihaug Barstad, Anders Rhod Larsen, Carl Andreas Grøntvedt, Øystein Angen
We evaluated a widely used culture-based method for detection of livestock-associated meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (LA-MRSA) in samples collected from pigs and the environment inside pig stables in Denmark and Norway. Selective enrichment in tryptic soy broth containing cefoxitin and aztreonam led to a high ratio of false-negative results (26%; 57/221). On this basis, we recommend reconsidering the use of selective enrichment for detection of LA-MRSA in animal and environmental samples.
July 13, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739660/a-gene-implicated-in-activation-of-retinoic-acid-receptor-targets-is-a-novel-renal-agenesis-gene-in-humans
#16
Patrick D Brophy, Maria Rasmussen, Mrutyunjaya Parida, Greg Bonde, Benjamin W Darbro, Xiaojing Hong, Jason C Clarke, Kevin A Peterson, James Denegre, Michael Schneider, Caroline R Sussman, Lone Sunde, Dorte L Lildballe, Jens Michael Hertz, Robert A Cornell, Stephen A Murray, J Robert Manak
Renal agenesis (RA) is one of the more extreme examples of congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT). Bilateral renal agenesis is almost invariably fatal at birth, and unilateral renal agenesis can lead to future health issues including end-stage renal disease. Genetic investigations have identified several gene variants that cause RA, including EYA1, LHX1, and WT1 However, whereas compound null mutations of genes encoding α and γ retinoic acid receptors (RARs) cause RA in mice, to date there have been no reports of variants in RAR genes causing RA in humans...
September 2017: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693491/hypoxia-and-hypotension-in-patients-intubated-by-physician-staffed-helicopter-emergency-medical-services-a-prospective-observational-multi-centre-study
#17
Geir Arne Sunde, Mårten Sandberg, Richard Lyon, Knut Fredriksen, Brian Burns, Karl Ove Hufthammer, Jo Røislien, Akos Soti, Helena Jäntti, David Lockey, Jon-Kenneth Heltne, Stephen J M Sollid
BACKGROUND: The effective treatment of airway compromise in trauma and non-trauma patients is important. Hypoxia and hypotension are predictors of negative patient outcomes and increased mortality, and may be important quality indicators of care provided by emergency medical services. Excluding cardiac arrests, critical trauma and non-trauma patients remain the two major groups to which helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) are dispatched. Several studies describe the impact of pre-hospital hypoxia or hypotension on trauma patients, but few studies compare this in trauma and non-trauma patients...
July 11, 2017: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679550/differences-in-genetic-and-environmental-variation-in-adult-bmi-by-sex-age-time-period-and-region-an-individual-based-pooled-analysis-of-40-twin-cohorts
#18
Karri Silventoinen, Aline Jelenkovic, Reijo Sund, Yoshie Yokoyama, Yoon-Mi Hur, Wendy Cozen, Amie E Hwang, Thomas M Mack, Chika Honda, Fujio Inui, Yoshinori Iwatani, Mikio Watanabe, Rie Tomizawa, Kirsi H Pietiläinen, Aila Rissanen, Sisira H Siribaddana, Matthew Hotopf, Athula Sumathipala, Fruhling Rijsdijk, Qihua Tan, Dongfeng Zhang, Zengchang Pang, Maarit Piirtola, Sari Aaltonen, Sevgi Y Öncel, Fazil Aliev, Esther Rebato, Jacob B Hjelmborg, Kaare Christensen, Axel Skytthe, Kirsten O Kyvik, Judy L Silberg, Lindon J Eaves, Tessa L Cutler, Juan R Ordoñana, Juan F Sánchez-Romera, Lucia Colodro-Conde, Yun-Mi Song, Sarah Yang, Kayoung Lee, Carol E Franz, William S Kremen, Michael J Lyons, Andreas Busjahn, Tracy L Nelson, Keith E Whitfield, Christian Kandler, Kerry L Jang, Margaret Gatz, David A Butler, Maria A Stazi, Corrado Fagnani, Cristina D'Ippolito, Glen E Duncan, Dedra Buchwald, Nicholas G Martin, Sarah E Medland, Grant W Montgomery, Hoe-Uk Jeong, Gary E Swan, Ruth Krasnow, Patrik Ke Magnusson, Nancy L Pedersen, Anna K Dahl Aslan, Tom A McAdams, Thalia C Eley, Alice M Gregory, Per Tynelius, Laura A Baker, Catherine Tuvblad, Gombojav Bayasgalan, Danshiitsoodol Narandalai, Timothy D Spector, Massimo Mangino, Genevieve Lachance, S Alexandra Burt, Kelly L Klump, Jennifer R Harris, Ingunn Brandt, Thomas S Nilsen, Robert F Krueger, Matt McGue, Shandell Pahlen, Robin P Corley, Brooke M Huibregtse, Meike Bartels, Catharina Em van Beijsterveldt, Gonneke Willemsen, Jack H Goldberg, Finn Rasmussen, Adam D Tarnoki, David L Tarnoki, Catherine A Derom, Robert F Vlietinck, Ruth Jf Loos, John L Hopper, Joohon Sung, Hermine H Maes, Eric Turkheimer, Dorret I Boomsma, Thorkild Ia Sørensen, Jaakko Kaprio
Background: Genes and the environment contribute to variation in adult body mass index [BMI (in kg/m(2))], but factors modifying these variance components are poorly understood.Objective: We analyzed genetic and environmental variation in BMI between men and women from young adulthood to old age from the 1940s to the 2000s and between cultural-geographic regions representing high (North America and Australia), moderate (Europe), and low (East Asia) prevalence of obesity.Design: We used genetic structural equation modeling to analyze BMI in twins ≥20 y of age from 40 cohorts representing 20 countries (140,379 complete twin pairs)...
August 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674058/a-novel-6-benzyl-ether-benzoxaborole-is-active-against-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-in-vitro
#19
Nipul Patel, Theresa O'Malley, Yong-Kang Zhang, Yi Xia, Bjorn Sunde, Lindsay Flint, Aaron Korkegian, Thomas R Ioerger, Jim Sacchettini, M R K Alley, Tanya Parish
We identified a novel 6-benzyl ether benzoxaborole with potent activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis The compound had an MIC of 2 μM in liquid medium. The compound was also able to prevent growth on solid medium at 0.8 μM and was active against intracellular bacteria (50% inhibitory concentration [IC50] = 3.6 μM) without cytotoxicity against eukaryotic cells (IC50 > 100 μM). We isolated resistant mutants (MIC ≥ 100 μM), which had mutations in Rv1683, Rv3068c, and Rv0047c.
September 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669925/the-effect-of-tomatine-on-metastasis-related-matrix-metalloproteinase-mmp-activities-in-breast-cancer-cell-model
#20
Besra Özmen Yelken, Tuğçe Balcı, Sunde Yılmaz Süslüer, Çağla Kayabaşı, Çığır Biray Avcı, Petek Ballar Kırmızıbayrak, Cumhur Gündüz
Breast cancer is one of the most common malignancies in women and metastasis is the cause of morbidity and mortality in patients. In the development of metastasis, the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) family has a very important role in tumor development. MMP-2 and MMP-9 work together for extracellular matrix (ECM) cleavage to increase migration. Tomatine is a secondary metabolite that has a natural defense role against plants, fungi, viruses and bacteria that are synthesized from tomato. In additıon, tomatine is also known that it breaks down the cell membrane and is a strong inhibitor in human cancer cells...
June 29, 2017: Gene
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