Read by QxMD icon Read


Sung M Cho, Nader Moazami, Jennifer A Frontera
BACKGROUND: Ischemic stroke and intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) following left ventricular assist device (LVAD) placement are major causes of morbidity. The incidence and mortality associated with these events stratified by device type have not been systematically explored. METHODS: A systematic review of PubMed was conducted from January 2007 through June 2016 for all English-language articles involving HeartMate II (HMII) and HeartWare LVAD patients. Ischemic stroke and/or ICH incidence (events per patient-year) and associated mortality rates were abstracted for each device type...
March 21, 2017: Neurocritical Care
Jamshid H Karimov, Patrick Grady, Martin Sinkewich, Gengo Sunagawa, Raymond Dessoffy, Nicole Byram, Nader Moazami, Kiyotaka Fukamachi
The benefit of whole-body hypothermia in preventing ischemic injury during cardiac surgical operations is well documented. However, application of hypothermia during in vivo total artificial heart implantation has not become widespread because of limited understanding of the proper techniques and restrictions implied by constitutional and physiological characteristics specific to each animal model. Similarly, the literature on hypothermic set-up in total artificial heart implantation has also been limited. Herein we present our experience using hypothermia in bovine models implanted with the Cleveland Clinic continuous-flow total artificial heart...
February 25, 2017: Journal of Artificial Organs: the Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
Jennifer A Frontera, Randall Starling, Sung-Min Cho, Amy S Nowacki, Ken Uchino, M Shazam Hussain, Maria Mountis, Nader Moazami
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a major cause of mortality after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) placement. METHODS: Prospectively collected data of patients with HeartMate II (n = 332) and HeartWare (n = 70) LVADs from October 21, 2004, to May 19, 2015, were reviewed. Predictors of early (during index hospitalization) and late (post-discharge) ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke and association of stroke subtypes with mortality were assessed. RESULTS: Of 402 patients, 83 strokes occurred in 69 patients (17%; 0...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
Claire S Riley, Lisa A Roth, Jacinda B Sampson, Jai Radhakrishnan, Leal C Herlitz, Ari M Blitz, Golnaz Moazami
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 5, 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
Jamshid H Karimov, Michael Zhen-Yu Tong, Nicole Byram, Gengo Sunagawa, Raymond Dessoffy, Nader Moazami, Randall C Starling, Kiyotaka Fukamachi
BACKGROUND: Changes in the geometry of the HeartMate II (HMII) inflow cannula have been implicated in device thrombosis post-implant. The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate what effects changing the angle of the cannula in relation to the pump may have on pump flow and arterial pressure, under simulated inflow conditions. METHODS: The HMII with an inflow cannula was mounted on a mock loop consisting of a pulsatile pneumatic ventricle to simulate the native ventricle...
January 2017: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
E Alirahimi, A Ashkiyan, F Kazemi-Lomedasht, K Azadmanesh, M Hosseininejad-Chafi, M Habibi-Anbouhi, R Moazami, M Behdani
Angiogenesis is among the most important mechanisms that helps cancer cells to survive, grow and undergo metastasis. Therefore, inhibiting angiogenesis will suppress tumor growth. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its receptor (VEGFR) are believed to be important players of angiogenesis. The goal of this study was to evaluate the success of a novel nanobody against VEGFR2 in tethering its target inside the endoplasmic reticulum and preventing its transport to the cell membrane. Nanobody sequence was cloned in a mammalian vector in fusion with green fluorescent protein and a KDEL retention signal...
December 16, 2016: Cancer Gene Therapy
M Torabinejad, M Moazami, H Moaddel, J Hawkins, C Gustefson, H Faras, K Wright, S Shabahang
AIM: To examine the effect of reduction in MTA particle size on dento-alveolar and osseous healing in dogs. METHODOLOGY: Root canals of 24 mandibular premolars in four 2-year-old beagles were prepared and filled with gutta-percha and sealer. Two to four weeks later, during periapical surgery, the root-end cavity preparations in these teeth were filled with either grey ProRoot MTA or modified (reduced particle sizes with faster setting time) MTA. The animals were sacrificed 4 months later...
December 15, 2016: International Endodontic Journal
Gengo Sunagawa, Marijan Koprivanac, Jamshid H Karimov, Nader Moazami, Kiyotaka Fukamachi
The benefits and disadvantages of pulsatility in mechanical circulatory support devices have been argued since before the first use of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) with a nonpulsatile pump. The debate over the superiority of either pulsatile or nonpulsatile perfusion during CPB persists, but recently, the evidence in favor of pulsatile perfusion during CPB is increasing. Complications associated with chronic nonpulsatile flow in patients implanted with left ventricular assist devices have renewed interest in generating pulsatility with these devices...
January 2017: Expert Review of Medical Devices
Jamshid H Karimov, David J Horvath, Shinji Okano, Mark Goodin, Gengo Sunagawa, Nicole Byram, Nader Moazami, Leonard A R Golding, Kiyotaka Fukamachi
The development of total artificial heart devices is a complex undertaking that includes chronic biocompatibility assessment of the device. It is considered particularly important to assess whether device design and features can be compatible long term in a biological environment. As part of the development program for the Cleveland Clinic continuous-flow total artificial heart (CFTAH), we evaluated the device for signs of thrombosis and biological material deposition in four animals that had achieved the intended 14-, 30-, or 90-day durations in each respective experiment...
November 23, 2016: Artificial Organs
Leah D McGurn, Maryam Moazami-Goudarzi, Sean A White, Tannu Suwal, Beant Brar, Jason Q Tang, George S Espie, Matthew S Kimber
CcaA is a β-carbonic anhydrase (CA) that is a component of the carboxysomes of a subset of β-cyanobacteria. This protein, which has a characteristic C-terminal extension of unknown function, is recruited to the carboxysome via interactions with CcmM, which is itself a γ-CA homolog with enzymatic activity in many, but not all cyanobacteria. We have determined the structure of CcaA from Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 at 1.45 Å. In contrast with the dimer-of-dimers organization of most bacterial β-CAs, or the loose dimer-of-dimers-of-dimers organization found in the plant enzymes, CcaA shows a well-packed trimer-of-dimers organization...
December 15, 2016: Biochemical Journal
J Parker, Y Oh, Y Moazami, J G Pierce, P L Loziuk, R A Dean, D C Muddiman
Ubiquitination is a dynamic process that is responsible for regulation of cellular responses to stimuli in a number of biological systems. Previous efforts to study this post-translational modification have focused on protein enrichment; however, recent research utilizes the presence of the di-glycine (Gly-Gly) remnants following trypsin digestion to immuno-enrich ubiquitinated peptides. Monoclonal antibodies developed to the cleaved ubiquitin modification epitope, (tert-butoxycarbonyl) glycylglycine (Boc-Gly-Gly-NHS)(1), are used to identify the Gly-Gly signature...
November 1, 2016: Analytical Biochemistry
Sangjin Lee, Jason N Katz, Ulrich P Jorde, Nader Moazami, Ranjit John, Kartik S Sundareswaran, David J Farrar, O H Frazier
There is insufficient data on patients with small body size to determine if this should be considered a risk factor for continuous-flow left ventricular assist device (CF-LVAD) support. We sought to evaluate survival outcomes, adverse events, and functional status of CF-LVAD patients with body surface area (BSA) <1.5 m in a large national registry. Adults with BSA < 1.5 m (n = 128) implanted with a HeartMate II (HMII)-LVAD from the Interagency Registry for Mechanically Assisted Circulatory Support registry from April 2008 to December 2012 formed this cohort...
November 2016: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
Jamil Mohammadi, Saied Saeed Hosseiny Davarani, Hamid Reza Moazami
Electromembrane extraction (EME) was carried out using a novel instrumentation capable of impedometric monitoring of the system during the extraction. This instrumentation involves a classical two-electrode assembly fed by two time-resolved potential functions, the first for the extraction of analyte and the second for obtaining the impedance information. The impedometric analysis of the system was achieved by Laplace transformation of the current recorded during the extraction. It has been shown that the obtained impedance information can be converted to very useful knowledge about time dependence of double layer capacitance, kinetics of analyte depletion, total permeability of the SLM and the effect of experimental parameters on system behavior...
August 31, 2016: Analytica Chimica Acta
Mathieu Gautier, Katayoun Moazami-Goudarzi, Hubert Levéziel, Hugues Parinello, Cécile Grohs, Stéphanie Rialle, Rafał Kowalczyk, Laurence Flori
As the largest European herbivore, the wisent (Bison bonasus) is emblematic of the continent wildlife but has unclear origins. Here, we infer its demographic and adaptive histories from two individual whole-genome sequences via a detailed comparative analysis with bovine genomes. We estimate that the wisent and bovine species diverged from 1.7 × 10(6) to 850,000 years before present (YBP) through a speciation process involving an extended period of limited gene flow. Our data further support the occurrence of more recent secondary contacts, posterior to the Bos taurus and Bos indicus divergence (∼150,000 YBP), between the wisent and (European) taurine cattle lineages...
November 2016: Molecular Biology and Evolution
David Horvath, Nicole Byram, Jamshid H Karimov, Barry Kuban, Gengo Sunagawa, Leonard A R Golding, Nader Moazami, Kiyotaka Fukamachi
Cleveland Clinic's continuous-flow total artificial heart (CFTAH) provides systemic and pulmonary circulations using one assembly (one motor, two impellers). The right pump hydraulic output to the pulmonary circulation is self-regulated by the rotating assembly's passive axial movement in response to atrial differential pressure to balance itself to the left pump output. This combination of features integrates a biocompatible, pressure-balancing regulator with a double-ended pump. The CFTAH requires no flow or pressure sensors...
July 12, 2016: Artificial Organs
Shabnam Shamriz, Hamideh Ofoghi, Nasrin Moazami
BACKGROUND: Recombinant protein technology has revolutionized the world of biology and medicine. Following this progress, fusion protein technology, as a novel innovation, has opened new horizons for the development of proteins that do not naturally exist. Fusion proteins are generated via genetically fusing two or more genes coding for separate proteins, thus the product is a single protein having functional properties of both proteins. As an indispensable element in fusion protein construction, linkers are used to separate the functional domains in order to improve their expression, folding and stability...
September 1, 2016: Computers in Biology and Medicine
Mozhagan Moazami-Goudarzi, Majid Farshdousti-Hagh, Abbasali Hoseinpour-Feizi, Mehdi Talebi, Ali Akbar Movassaghpour-Akbari, Karim Shams-Asanjan, Jamal Eyvazi-Ziyaee, Morteza Seifi
BACKGROUND: BCL-2 is the most important anti-apoptotic regulator and Bax is a pro-apoptotic protein. The status of these parameters or the ration of BCL-2 to BAX is important in malignant cell fate as well as normal cells. METHODS: Sixty-two ALL patients and 62 healthy sex-and age-matched controls were studied. After genotyping, the promoter region of the BAX and BCL-2 genes by RFLP-PCR method the patients were classified in nine prognostic groups, after that, the overall survival ratio of each score was compared with others pair-wise or between groups...
2016: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
Joshua M Stern, Saman Moazami, Yunping Qiu, Irwin Kurland, Zigui Chen, Ilir Agalliu, Robert Burk, Kelvin P Davies
The trillions of microbes that colonize our adult intestine are referred to as the gut microbiome (GMB). Functionally it behaves as a metabolic organ that communicates with, and complements, our own human metabolic apparatus. While the relationship between the GMB and kidney stone disease (KSD) has not been investigated, dysbiosis of the GMB has been associated with diabetes, obesity and cardiovascular disease. In this pilot study we sought to identify unique changes in the GMB of kidney stone patients compared to patients without KSD...
October 2016: Urolithiasis
Jamshid H Karimov, Gengo Sunagawa, David Horvath, Kiyotaka Fukamachi, Randall C Starling, Nader Moazami
Failure of the right ventricle represents a significant clinical problem and may have different causes, with rates varying between 5% and 50% in patients supported by a left ventricular assist device (LVAD). However, treatment options and device development for right ventricular failure (RVF) have significantly lagged behind those for LVADs. Newer technologies designed or adapted for RV support are needed to provide adequate long-term circulatory support. In this review, we discuss (1) the significance of RVF and its physiologic implications, (2) device constraints affecting treatment options for RVF, and (3) implantable VADs potentially available for RV support...
August 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Aurélie Allais-Bonnet, Johan Castille, Maëlle Pannetier, Bruno Passet, Maëva Elzaïat, Marjolaine André, Fatemeh Montazer-Torbati, Katayoun Moazami-Goudarzi, Jean-Luc Vilotte, Eric Pailhoux
Three genes of the prion protein gene family are expressed in gonads. Comparative analyses of their expression patterns in mice and goats revealed constant expression of PRNP and SPRN in both species and in both male and female gonads, but with a weaker expression of SPRN. By contrast, expression of PRND was found to be sex-dimorphic, in agreement with its role in spermatogenesis. More importantly, our study revealed that PRND seems to be a key marker of foetal Leydig cells specifically in goats, suggesting a yet unknown role for its encoded protein Doppel during gonadal differentiation in nonrodent mammals...
January 2016: FEBS Open Bio
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"