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Tea polyphenols

Jingsong Ye, Shuyao Wang, Weijie Lan, Wen Qin, Yaowen Liu
To study the properties of composite membranes consisting of polylactic acid (PLA), tea polyphenol (TP), and chitosan (CS), the stretch film method was employed to make PLA-TP- CS composite membranes of different concentrations. By testing the density, mechanical properties, heat-sealing performance, water vapor permeability, and solubility of the pure PLA membrane and the composite membranes, the comprehensive performance of the composite membranes were analyzed with regard to the actual use value. The results show that, compared with the pure PLA membrane, adding TP and CS significantly increases the heat-sealing strength, water vapor permeability, and solubility of the composite membrane...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Jin Xi, Sitang Ge, Lugen Zuo, Yuke Zhu, Lian Wang, Qiaoli Xie
Objective To analyze the therapeutic effect of green tea polyphenols (GTP) in mice with colitis induced by TNBS and its possible mechanism. Methods Colitis was induced by TNBS in BALB/C mice. The mice were randomly divided into GTP group (n=10) and TNBS model group (n=10). Mice in the GTP group were given GTP [0.2 mL at a dose level of 100 mg/(kg.d)] by oral gavage, and mice in the model group were given normal saline [0.2 ml/d] by gavage. Four weeks later, the mice were sacrificed. Disease activity index (DAI) and inflammatory score were evaluated by HE staining...
March 2018: Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology
Dylan O'Neill Rothenberg, Caibi Zhou, Lingyun Zhang
The mechanistic systems in the body through which tea causes weight loss are complex and multi-dimensional. Additionally, the bioactive components in tea such as catechins, caffeine, and products of tea polyphenol oxidation vary greatly from one major tea type to the next. Green tea has been the primary subject of consideration for investigation into the preventative health effects of tea because it contains the highest levels of phenolic compounds and retains the highest antioxidant capabilities of any major tea type...
May 14, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Noemi Tocci, Daniele Perenzoni, Duilio Iamonico, Francesca Fava, Tobias Weil, Fulvio Mattivi
During the last two decades incidences of fungal infections dramatically increased and the often accompanying failure of available antifungal therapies represents a substantial clinical problem. The urgent need for novel antimycotics called particular attention to the study of natural products. The genus Hypericum includes many species that are used in the traditional medicine to treat pathological states like inflammations and infections caused by fungi. However, despite the diffused use of Hypericum -based products the antifungal potential of the genus is still poorly investigated...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Joan Crous-Masó, Sònia Palomeras, Joana Relat, Cristina Camó, Úrsula Martínez-Garza, Marta Planas, Lidia Feliu, Teresa Puig
(-)-Epigallocatechin 3-gallate (EGCG) is a natural polyphenol from green tea with reported anticancer activity and capacity to inhibit the lipogenic enzyme fatty acid synthase (FASN), which is overexpressed in several human carcinomas. To improve the pharmacological profile of EGCG, we previously developed a family of EGCG derivatives and the lead compounds G28, G37 and G56 were characterized in HER2-positive breast cancer cells overexpressing FASN. Here, diesters G28, G37 and G56 and two G28 derivatives, monoesters M1 and M2, were synthesized and assessed in vitro for their cytotoxic, FASN inhibition and apoptotic activities in MDA-MB-231 triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cells...
May 11, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Elisabete C B A Alegria, Ana P C Ribeiro, Marta Mendes, Ana M Ferraria, Ana M Botelho do Rego, Armando J L Pombeiro
Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) were prepared using an eco-friendly approach in a single step by reduction of HAuCl₄ with polyphenols from tea extracts, which act as both reducing and capping agents. The obtained AuNPs were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), ultraviolet⁻visible spectroscopy (UV⁻vis), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). They act as highly efficient catalysts in the reduction of various aromatic nitro compounds in aqueous solution...
May 10, 2018: Nanomaterials
A Ra Kho, Bo Young Choi, Song Hee Lee, Dae Ki Hong, Sang Hwon Lee, Jeong Hyun Jeong, Kyoung-Ha Park, Hong Ki Song, Hui Chul Choi, Sang Won Suh
Global cerebral ischemia (GCI) is one of the main causes of hippocampal neuronal death. Ischemic damage can be rescued by early blood reperfusion. However, under some circumstances reperfusion itself can trigger a cell death process that is initiated by the reintroduction of blood, followed by the production of superoxide, a blood⁻brain barrier (BBB) disruption and microglial activation. Protocatechuic acid (PCA) is a major metabolite of the antioxidant polyphenols, which have been discovered in green tea...
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Anna B Liu, Siyao Tao, Mao-Jung Lee, Qi Hu, Xiaofeng Meng, Yong Lin, Chung S Yang
The previous studies have shown that tea polyphenols are metabolized by gut microbiota. This study investigated the effect of gut microbiota on the bioavailability, tissue levels, and degradation of tea polyphenols. Mice were treated with antibiotics (ampicillin/sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim) in drinking water and the control mice received water for 11 days, and they were given an AIN93M diet enriched with 0.32% of Polyphenon E. The levels of catechins and their metabolites (if present) in the serum, liver, urine, and fecal samples were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography...
May 8, 2018: BioFactors
Felix Heiner, Björn Feistel, Michael Wink
Background: Beyond its traditional uses in the Balkan area, Sideritis scardica (known as Greek mountain tea, Lamiaceae) is currently extensively investigated for its pharmacological activity in the central nervous system. Antidepressant, psychostimulating, cognition-enhancing and neuroprotective properties have been described. In this study, we tested hydroalcoholic extracts of S. scardica for their potential to counteract amyloid-β toxicity and aggregation, which plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease...
2018: PeerJ
Rosemari Otton, Anaysa Paola Bolin, Leticia Torres Ferreira, Marcelo Paradiso Marinovic, Andrea Livia Silva Rocha, Marcelo Alves Mori
Obesity leads to changes in miRNA expression in adipose tissue, and this modulation is linked to the pathophysiology of the disease. Green tea (GT) is a natural source of polyphenols that have been shown to confer health benefits, particularly preventing metabolic diseases. Here, we investigated if the beneficial effects of GT in obesity results from changes in the miRNA profile in white adipose tissue. GT treatment [500 mg/body weight (BW)/12 weeks] increased energy expenditure of high-fat diet-fed mice (16 weeks), leading to reduced weight gain, decreased adiposity, reduced inflammation and improved insulin sensitivity...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Hui Zhou, Yan Chen, Shu-Wei Huang, Peng-Fei Hu, Li-Jiang Tang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of tea polyphenols on cardiac function in rats with diabetic cardiomyopathy, and the mechanism by which tea polyphenols regulate autophagy in diabetic cardiomyopathy. METHODS: Sixty Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into six groups: a normal control group (NC), an obesity group (OB), a diabetic cardiomyopathy group (DCM), a tea polyphenol group (TP), an obesity tea polyphenol treatment group (OB-TP), and a diabetic cardiomyopathy tea polyphenol treatment group (DCM-TP)...
May 2018: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
Feng Xu, Yong Fan, Fuhong Miao, Guang-Rong Hu, Juan Sun, Guofeng Yang, Fu-Li Li
Mychonastes afer HSO-3-1 is a potential producer of nervonic acid, which could be accumulated to 2-3% of dry cell weight. Improving the productivity of nervonic acid is critical to promote the commercialization of this product. In this study, 1-naphthylacetic acid (NAA) and tea polyphenol (TP) were selected as bioactive additives to stimulate the growth of M. afer . Supplementing NAA in the early growth stage and TP in the middle and late growth stage led to improved lipid accumulation in M. afer . The cultures supplemented with TP at the late growth stage maintained higher photosynthetic efficiency than the control groups without TP...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Bei Jin, Xiaosong Zhou, Yuan Liu, Xiaowen Li, Yinlin Mai, Yinglin Liao, Jiaju Liao
The ternary nanoparticles were fabricated by soy protein, pectin and tea polyphenol through photocatalysis. The particulate characteristics, including particle size, polydispersity index, and zeta potential were monitored for ternary nanoparticles formed under different photocatalysis time. Photocatalysis was favorable to form ternary nanoparticles with moderate particle size (310-370 nm), uniform distribution, spherical shape, and improved antioxidant activity. It was found that the fluorescence intensity of soy protein decreased with the increase in photocatalysis time in the ternary nanoparticles...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Ze Liu, Hua-Lin Xie, Lin Chen, Jian-Hua Huang
Background: Pu-erh tea is a unique microbially fermented tea, which distinctive chemical constituents and activities are worthy of systematic study. Near infrared spectroscopy (NIR) coupled with suitable chemometrics approaches can rapidly and accurately quantitatively analyze multiple compounds in samples. Methods: In this study, an improved weighted partial least squares (PLS) algorithm combined with near infrared spectroscopy (NIR) was used to construct a fast calibration model for determining four main components, i...
May 2, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Xiaoming Yuan, Yan He, Guangrong Zhou, Xiangwei Li, Aiwen Feng, Weiwei Zheng
Inhibiting component of therapy with (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) is low bioavailability of fresh tea polyphenols that outcome from insecurity under stomach related circumstances, insufficient transcellular transport. As needs are, fucose- carboxymethyl chitosan (FU-CMC) graft EGCG with gold nanoparticles (GNPs) (FU-CMC-EGCG-GNPs) nanocomposites were prepared and managed peritumorally to assess their anticancer action. The physicochemical properties of as-prepared nanocomposite were evaluated by FTIR spectroscopy, UV-visible absorption spectra, XRD, FESEM-EDX and HRTEM-SAD...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Charlene B Van Buiten, Joshua D Lambert, Ryan J Elias
SCOPE: Green tea, a polyphenol-rich beverage, has been reported to mitigate a number of inflammatory and hypersensitivity disorders in laboratory models, and has been shown to moderate pathways related to food allergies in vitro. We sought to determine the impact of decaffeinated green tea extract (GTE) on the digestion of gliadin protein in vitro and the effect of physical interactions with GTE on the ability of gliadin to stimulate celiac disease-related symptoms in vitro. METHODS AND RESULTS: Complexation of GTE and gliadin in vitro was confirmed by monitoring increases in turbidity upon titration of GTE into a gliadin solution...
April 28, 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
Sophie Lefèvre-Arbogast, David Gaudout, Julien Bensalem, Luc Letenneur, Jean-François Dartigues, Boris P Hejblum, Catherine Féart, Cécile Delcourt, Cécilia Samieri
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the optimal combination of dietary polyphenols associated with the long-term risk of dementia in a large prospective French cohort of older persons, the Three-City (3C) Study. METHODS: We included 1,329 older adults without dementia from the 3C study with assessment of intake of 26 polyphenol subclasses who were followed up for 12 years for dementia. Using partial least squares for Cox models, we identified a pattern of polyphenol intake associated with dementia risk...
April 27, 2018: Neurology
Feng Li, Yongli Wang, Dapeng Li, Yilun Chen, Xuguang Qiao, Rania Fardous, Ashton Lewandowski, Jinbao Liu, Tak-Hang Chan, Q Ping Dou
Increasing evidence has expanded the role of green tea from a traditional beverage to a source of pharmacologically active molecules with diverse health benefits. However, conclusive clinical results are needed to better elucidate the cancer-preventive and therapeutic effects of green tea polyphenols (GTPs). Areas covered: The authors describe GTPs' chemical compositions and metabolic biotransformations, and their recent developments in drug discovery, focusing on their cancer chemopreventive and therapeutic effects...
April 24, 2018: Expert Opinion on Drug Discovery
Jurga Bernatoniene, Dalia Marija Kopustinskiene
Catechins are polyphenolic compounds—flavanols of the flavonoid family found in a variety of plants. Green tea, wine and cocoa-based products are the main dietary sources of these flavanols. Catechins have potent antioxidant properties, although in some cases they may act in the cell as pro-oxidants. Catechins are reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavengers and metal ion chelators, whereas their indirect antioxidant activities comprise induction of antioxidant enzymes, inhibition of pro-oxidant enzymes, and production of the phase II detoxification enzymes and antioxidant enzymes...
April 20, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Weimei Shi, Linfu Li, Yechun Ding, Kai Yang, Zhixi Chen, Xiaona Fan, Shan Jiang, Yingjie Guan, Zhiping Liu, Daohua Xu, Longhuo Wu
Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), one of polyphenols isolated from green tea, exhibits biology-benefiting effects with minimum severe adverse. EGCG is known to be a mitochondrion-targeting medicinal agent, regulating mitochondrial metabolism, including mitochondrial biogenesis, mitochondrial bioenergetics, and mitochondria-mediated cell cycle and apoptosis. EGCG might exhibit either antioxidative activity to prevent against oxidative stress or pro-oxidative activity to counteract cancer cells, which depends on the cellular stress situations, cell types and the concentration of EGCG...
April 19, 2018: Future Medicinal Chemistry
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