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Xiao Jie Wang, Kun Miao, Yan Luo, Rui Li, Tao Shou, Ping Wang, Xin Li
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of endostar combined with cisplatin/pemetrexed (CP) chemotherapy for elderly patients with advanced malignant pleural effusion (MPE) of lung adenocarcinoma. METHODS: A total of 128 lung adenocarcinoma patients with MPE were randomly divided into two groups. Patients in the treatment group were treated with pemetrexed 500 mg/m2 , i.v., d 1, cisplatin intracavitary administration with a total dose of 75 mg/m2 , d 2, 5 and 8, and endostar intracavitary administration 45 mg, d 1, 4 and 7...
January 2018: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
Kexu Chen, Hanlin Liang, Jiewen Peng, Yanfang Zheng
Advanced extramammary Paget's disease does not have a standardized treatment guideline as its incidence is low and has been rarely reported in literature. Here we describe a case of metastatic extramammary Paget's disease successfully treated with topical 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and systemic pemetrexed. The therapy was safe without any appreciable adverse effects like diarrhea, rash, neutropenia or fatigue; maintaining remission for more than 6 months. Thus, we propose 5-FU and pemetrexed as the first-line therapy for advanced extramammary Paget's disease, especially for aged patients with unresectable skin lesions...
March 12, 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
Satoshi Oizumi, Shunichi Sugawara, Koichi Minato, Toshiyuki Harada, Akira Inoue, Yuka Fujita, Makoto Maemondo, Satoshi Watanabe, Kazuhiko Ito, Akihiko Gemma, Yoshiki Demura, Shinichi Fukumoto, Hiroshi Isobe, Ichiro Kinoshita, Satoshi Morita, Kunihiko Kobayashi, Koichi Hagiwara, Keisuke Aiba, Toshihiro Nukiwa
Background: The North-East Japan Study Group (NEJ) 005/Tokyo Cooperative Oncology Group (TCOG) 0902 study has reported that first-line concurrent and sequential alternating combination therapies of an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor (gefitinib) plus platinum-based doublet chemotherapy (carboplatin/pemetrexed) offer promising efficacy with predictable toxicities for patients with EGFR -mutant non-small cell lung cancer. However, overall survival (OS) data were insufficient in the primary report because of the lack of death events...
2018: ESMO Open
Seung Sook Paik, In Kyoung Hwang, Myung Jae Park, Seung Hyeun Lee
BACKGROUND: Although targeted therapy and immuno-oncology have shifted the treatment paradigm for lung cancer, platinum-based combination is still the standard of care for advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Pemetrexed continuation maintenance therapy has been approved and increasingly used for patients with nonsquamous NSCLC. However, the efficacy of this strategy has not been proven in patients without driving mutations. The objective of this study was to compare the clinical benefit of pemetrexed continuation maintenance to conventional platinum-based doublet in epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-negative lung adenocarcinoma...
March 7, 2018: Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
Kathrin Oehl, Jelena Kresoja-Rakic, Isabelle Opitz, Bart Vrugt, Walter Weder, Rolf Stahel, Peter Wild, Emanuela Felley-Bosco
Experimental models closely representing in vivo conditions allow investigating mechanisms of resistance. Our aims were to establish a live-cell biobank of malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) samples and to obtain proof of principle that primary culture chemoresistant models, mimicking tumor progression observed in patients, can be obtained in vitro , providing a useful tool to investigate underlying mechanisms. Primary mesothelioma cultures were established from 235 samples between 2007 and 2014. Of two MPM patients, primary cultures obtained at different time points: at initial diagnosis, after neoadjuvant treatment at surgery and/or after tumor recurrence, were deeply investigated...
2018: Frontiers in Oncology
Shinya Sakata, Yasumiko Sakamoto, Akira Takaki, Shiho Ishizuka, Sho Saeki, Kazuhiko Fujii
Pseudomesotheliomatous carcinoma of the lung is very rare, and reversible restrictive lung disease with pseudomesotheliomatous carcinoma has not yet been previously reported. We herein report a patient with HER2-positive non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) showing pseudomesotheliomatous carcinoma who was successfully treated with bevacizumab combination chemotherapy. A 56-year-old Japanese woman with advanced NSCLC presented with dyspnea. We administered chemotherapy with cisplatin (75 mg/m2 ) plus pemetrexed (500 mg/m2 ) plus bevacizumab (15 mg/kg), followed by pemetrexed plus bevacizumab...
March 9, 2018: Internal Medicine
Ghina Fakhri, Reem Akel, Ziad Salem, Ayman Tawil, Arafat Tfayli
Background: Pembrolizumab is a humanized monoclonal antibody which serves to enhance the antitumor immune response by targeting programmed cell death 1 receptor. The use of pembrolizumab plus carboplatin/pemetrexed combination therapy results in improvement in overall survival and progression-free survival rates for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients as compared to chemotherapy alone. However, numerous immune-mediated toxicities of pembrolizumab have been reported. Case Presentation: We report the case of a 74-year-old male patient diagnosed with stage IIIA programmed death-ligand 1-positive non-small cell lung adenocarcinoma treated with 4 cycles of carboplatin/pemetrexed plus pembrolizumab combination therapy followed by 2 cycles of pembrolizumab treatment...
September 2017: Case Reports in Oncology
Maika Natsume, Takeshi Honda, Terunobu Haruyama, Masashi Ishihara, Yoko Fukasawa, Takahiko Sakamoto, Shigeru Tanzawa, Ryo Usui, Shuji Ota, Yasuko Ichikawa, Kiyotaka Watanabe, Nobuhiko Seki
A 40-year-old man with a diagnosis of lung adenocarcinoma (cT4N3M1c, stage IVB) experienced worsening of lymphangitic carcinomatosis in the right lung and right pleural effusion after receiving 1 cycle of first-line chemotherapy consisting of cisplatin and pemetrexed. Bevacizumab was thus added from the second cycle of the cisplatin-pemetrexed regimen, leading to a marked improvement in pulmonary lymphangitic carcinomatosis and a decrease in pleural effusion. Subsequently, maintenance therapy consisting of pemetrexed and bevacizumab was continued, successfully leading to long-term progression-free survival...
September 2017: Case Reports in Oncology
Victor H F Lee
A 65-year-old female with diabetes mellitus but otherwise good health in the past suffered from cough with occasional blood-stained sputum during initial presentation. The patient was diagnosed with pulmonary poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma with an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) exon 19 deletion and hence received afatinib therapy for 25 months without obvious adverse events except for a grade 1-2 acneiform rash. The disease was stabilized after subsequent cycles of chemotherapy with pemetrexed and carboplatin followed by maintenance pemetrexed...
March 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
Arnaud Scherpereel, Frederic Wallyn, Steven M Albelda, Camille Munck
Malignant pleural mesothelioma is a rare cancer that is typically associated with exposure to asbestos. Patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma have poor outcomes with suboptimal therapeutic options and currently no treatment is curative. The standard frontline treatment, cisplatin plus pemetrexed chemotherapy, has only short and insufficient efficacy, and no validated treatment beyond first-line therapy is available. New therapeutic strategies are therefore needed. The addition of bevacizumab (an anti-VEGF antibody) combined with cisplatin plus pemetrexed has shown some promise...
March 2018: Lancet Oncology
Iacopo Petrini, Maurizio Lucchesi, Gianfranco Puppo, Antonio Chella
There are not established treatments for patients with advanced malignant pleural mesothelioma that progressed after first-line chemotherapy with cisplatin and pemetrexed. Retrospective analyses suggest a possible role for rechallenge with pemetrexed for selected patients. Phase II trials demonstrate a modest efficacy of vinorelbine monotherapy with a response rate ranging between 0% and 18% and a tolerable toxicity profile. Combination schedules, despite an increased toxicity, fail to demonstrate an improved efficacy...
January 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Marika Cinausero, Karim Rihawi, Francesca Sperandi, Barbara Melotti, Andrea Ardizzoni
Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a rare neoplasm that typically arises from mesothelial surfaces of the pleural cavity. Despite treatment improvements, it carries a dismal prognosis. The majority of patients either have unresectable disease or are not candidates for surgery due to medical comorbidities or old age. For such patients, chemotherapy (CT) represents the gold-standard treatment. To date, combination CT with cisplatin plus pemetrexed represents the most widely used regimen in first-line setting for patients with unresectable MPM...
January 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Wenjie Yin, Guoqi Zheng, Kunna Yang, Hui Song, Yufei Liang
BACKGROUND: The study aims to find out independent prognostic factors for patients with malignant peritoneal mesothelioma (MPeM). METHODS: Patients with pathologically proven MPeM were retrospectively reviewed. Potential prognostic factors were analyzed, including age, gender, asbestos exposure, body mass index (BMI), treatment, and laboratory results, such as blood routine examination and liver functions. The influences of various risk factors on the prognoses were analyzed by univariate analysis...
March 5, 2018: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
W Q Chen, P Li, Q Wang, Y J Zhang, H Y Li, X T Jin, S Yan, G F Kou, S L Cai, G Liu
Objective: To evaluate the feasibility, efficacy and safety of epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors(EGFR-TKIs) for neoadjuvant therapy. Methods: Eighty-six patients with stage ⅢA EGFR-mutant lung adenocarcinoma were assigned to 2 groups ( n =43 in each group) according to the random number table method: neoadjuvant targeted therapy group (single oral dose of erlotinib 150 mg per day, for 9 weeks) and neoadjuvant chemotherapy group (2 cycles of pemetrexed combined with cisplatin chemotherapy followed by 3- week discontinuation)...
February 23, 2018: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
David E Gerber, Mark A Socinski, Joel W Neal, Heather A Wakelee, Keisuke Shirai, Lecia V Sequist, Rachel P Rosovsky, Rogerio C Lilenbaum, Bruno R Bastos, Chao Huang, Melissa L Johnson, Paul J Hesketh, Deepa S Subramaniam, Martin F Dietrich, Feng Chai, Yunxia Wang, Julia Kazakin, Brian Schwartz, Joan H Schiller, Julie R Brahmer, Ronan J Kelly
BACKGROUND: KRAS mutations are identified in approximately 25% of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cases and are associated with resistance to currently available targeted therapies. The MET oncogene may be implicated in malignant progression of KRAS-mutant tumors. In a pre-specified subset analysis of KRAS mutant cancers in an earlier phase 2 study of erlotinib plus the oral MET inhibitor tivantinib, combination therapy was associated with substantial clinical benefit compared to erlotinib alone (progression-free survival [PFS] HR 0...
March 2018: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
Christos Chouaid, Jean Baptiste Assié, Pascal Andujar, Cecile Blein, Charlène Tournier, Alexandre Vainchtock, Arnaud Scherpereel, Isabelle Monnet, Jean Claude Pairon
This study was undertaken to determine the healthcare burden of malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) in France and to analyze its associations with socioeconomic deprivation, population density, and management outcomes. A national hospital database was used to extract incident MPM patients in years 2011 and 2012. Cox models were used to analyze 1- and 2-year survival according to sex, age, co-morbidities, management, population-density index, and social deprivation index. The analysis included 1,890 patients (76% men; age: 73...
February 26, 2018: Cancer Medicine
Katsuyuki Kiura, Fumio Imamura, Hiroshi Kagamu, Shingo Matsumoto, Toyoaki Hida, Kazuhiko Nakagawa, Miyako Satouchi, Isamu Okamoto, Mitsuhiro Takenoyama, Yasuhito Fujisaka, Takayasu Kurata, Masayuki Ito, Kota Tokushige, Ben Hatano, Makoto Nishio
Background: In the global, Phase 3, ASCEND-5 study, ceritinib improved progression-free survival (PFS) vs chemotherapy in patients with anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who had previously progressed on crizotinib and platinum-based chemotherapy. Here, we report efficacy and safety in a subset of Japanese patients from the ASCEND-5 study. Methods: Patients with advanced ALK-rearranged NSCLC received oral ceritinib 750 mg/day or chemotherapy (intravenous pemetrexed 500 mg/m2 or docetaxel 75 mg/m2 [investigator's choice], every 21 days)...
February 21, 2018: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
Jimmy Lam, Samantha R Ellis, Raja K Sivamani
Eruptive actinic keratosis (AK) consequent to systemic chemotherapy can be confused with drug allergies. We present the first case of inflamed AKs in one patient after receiving combination therapy with pemetrexed and carboplatin.A 68-year-old woman with non-small cell lung adenocarcinoma (NSCLC) presented with numerous pruritic ill-defined, gritty, erythematous papules consistent with AKs on her upper chest, upper back, and arms two weeks after completing the first cycle of combination therapy with carboplatin and pemetrexed...
October 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
Duneesha de Fonseka, David T Arnold, Louise Stadon, Anna Morley, Emma Keenan, Michael Darby, Lynne Armstrong, Paul Virgo, Nick A Maskell
BACKGROUND: Radiological monitoring of malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) using modified RECIST criteria is limited by low sensitivity and inter-observer variability. Serial serum mesothelin measurement has shown utility in the assessment of treatment response during chemotherapy but has never been assessed in the longer term follow up of patients. METHODS: This is a single centre study of consecutive patients diagnosed with MPM who received chemotherapy or best supportive care (BSC)...
February 17, 2018: BMC Cancer
David R Spigel, John D Hainsworth, Mathew J Joseph, Dianna L Shipley, M Kelly Hagan, Dana S Thompson, Howard A Burris, F Anthony Greco
BACKGROUND: The best treatment for patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and a poor performance status is not well defined. In this phase 2 trial, patients were randomized to receive treatment with either single-agent pemetrexed or 1 of 2 combination regimens. METHODS: Patients with newly diagnosed, histologically confirmed nonsquamous NSCLC and an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 2 were stratified by age and serum albumin level and were randomized (1:1:1) to 1 of 3 regimens: pemetrexed (arm 1), pemetrexed and bevacizumab (arm 2), or pemetrexed, carboplatin, and bevacizumab (arm 3)...
February 16, 2018: Cancer
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