keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

CYP2E1

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107387/neuronal-cell-death-and-degeneration-through-increased-nitroxidative-stress-and-tau-phosphorylation-in-hiv-1-transgenic-rats
#1
Young-Eun Cho, Myoung-Hwa Lee, Byoung-Joon Song
The underlying mechanisms for increased neurodegeneration and neurocognitive deficits in HIV-infected people are unclear. Therefore, this study was aimed to investigate the mechanisms of increased neurodegeneration in 5-month old male HIV-1 Transgenic (Tg) rats compared to the age- and gender-matched wild-type (WT) by evaluating histological changes and biochemical parameters of the key proteins involved in the cell death signaling and apoptosis. Histological and immunohistochemical analyses revealed decreased neuronal cells with elevated astrogliosis in HIV-1 Tg rats compared to WT...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103636/limited-excessive-voluntary-alcohol-drinking-leads-to-liver-dysfunction-in-mice
#2
Scott A Wegner, Katherine A Pollard, Viktor Kharazia, David Darevsky, Luz Perez, Sanjoy Roychowdhury, Allison Xu, Dorit Ron, Laura E Nagy, Frederic Woodward Hopf
BACKGROUND: Liver damage is a serious and sometimes fatal consequence of long-term alcohol intake, which progresses from early-stage fatty liver (steatosis) to later-stage steatohepatitis with inflammation and fibrosis/necrosis. However, very little is known about earlier stages of liver disruption that may occur in problem drinkers, those who drink excessively but are not dependent on alcohol. METHODS: We examined how repeated binge-like alcohol drinking in C57BL/6 mice altered liver function, as compared with a single binge-intake session and with repeated moderate alcohol consumption...
January 19, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101459/venlafaxine-induced-cytotoxicity-towards-isolated-rat-hepatocytes-involves-oxidative-stress-and-mitochondrial-lysosomal-dysfunction
#3
Elham Ahmadian, Hossein Babaei, Alireza Mohajjel Nayebi, Aziz Eftekhari, Mohammad Ali Eghbal
Purpose: Depression is a public disorder worldwide. Despite the widespread use of venlafaxine in the treatment of depression, it has been associated with the incidence of toxicities. Hence, the goal of the current investigation was to evaluate the mechanisms of venlafaxine-induced cell death in the model of the freshly isolated rat hepatocytes. Methods: Collagenase-perfused rat hepatocytes were treated with venlafaxine and other agents. Cell damage, reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation, lipid peroxidation, mitochondrial membrane potential decline, lysosomal damage, glutathione (GSH) level were analyzed...
December 2016: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078076/sex-dependent-alteration-of-cardiac-cytochrome-p450-gene-expression-by-doxorubicin-in-c57bl-6-mice
#4
Marianne K O Grant, Davis M Seelig, Leslie C Sharkey, Beshay N Zordoky
BACKGROUND: There is inconclusive evidence about the role of sex as a risk factor for doxorubicin (DOX)-induced cardiotoxicity. Recent experimental studies have shown that adult female rats are protected against DOX-induced cardiotoxicity. However, the mechanisms of this sexual dimorphism are not fully elucidated. We have previously demonstrated that DOX alters the expression of several cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes in the hearts of male rats. Nevertheless, the sex-dependent effect of DOX on the expression of CYP enzymes is still not known...
2017: Biology of Sex Differences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074333/rosiglitazone-metabolism-in-human-liver-microsomes-using-a-substrate-depletion-method
#5
Maryam Bazargan, David J R Foster, Andrew K Davey, Beverly S Muhlhausler
BACKGROUND: Elimination of rosiglitazone in humans is via hepatic metabolism. The existing studies suggest that CYP2C8 is the major enzyme responsible, with a minor contribution from CYP2C9; however, other studies suggest the involvement of additional cytochrome P450 enzymes and metabolic pathways. Thus a full picture of rosiglitazone metabolism is unclear. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to improve the current understanding of potential drug-drug interactions and implications for therapy by evaluating the kinetics of rosiglitazone metabolism and examining the impact of specific inhibitors on its metabolism using the substrate depletion method...
January 10, 2017: Drugs in R&D
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074086/role-of-cyp2e1-polymorphisms-in-breast-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Yu Lu, Xuan Zhu, Cuiping Zhang, Kongmei Jiang, Chunni Huang, Xue Qin
BACKGROUND: CYP2E1 polymorphisms have been reported to influence individual's breast cancer susceptibility as a phase I enzyme, but the results of these previous studies remain controversial. We performed a comprehensive meta-analysis to assess their association. METHODS: A comprehensive search of literature included in various databases (PubMed, Web of Science and Google scholar), published before August 2016, was performed. Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) calculated in fixed or random-effects models were used to estimate the strength of the associations between three polymorphisms of CYP2E1 and breast cancer susceptibility...
2017: Cancer Cell International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073119/in-vitro-inhibition-of-human-cyp450s-1a2-2c9-3a4-5-2d6-and-2e1-by-grandisin
#7
Maísa Daniela Habenschus, Fernanda de Lima Moreira, Norberto Peporine Lopes, Anderson R M de Oliveira
Grandisin, a lignan isolated from many species of plants, such as Virola surinamensis, is a potential drug candidate due to its biological properties, highlighted by its antitumor and trypanocidal activities. In this study, the inhibitory effects of grandisin on the activities of human cytochrome P450 enzymes were investigated by using human liver microsomes. Results showed that grandisin is a competitive inhibitor of CYP2C9 and a competitive and mechanism-based inhibitor of CYP3A4/5. The apparent Ki value for CYP2C9 was 50...
January 10, 2017: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073118/in-vitro-metabolism-of-artepillin-c-by-rat-and-human-liver-microsomes
#8
Daniel Blascke Carrão, Nayara Cristina Perez de Albuquerque, Lucas Maciel Mauriz Marques, Antônio Eduardo Miller Crotti, Alan Cesar Pilon, Vanderlan Da Silva Bolzani, Andresa Aparecida Berretta, Anderson Rodrigo Moraes de Oliveira
Artepillin C, a natural product present in the Brazilian green propolis, has several biological properties. Among these properties, the antitumor action of this product is noteworthy and makes it a promising drug candidate for the treatment of several types of cancer. This paper describes the in vitro metabolism of Artepillin C in rat and human liver microsomes. The rat model suggested a sigmoidal profile for the metabolism, adapted to the Hill's kinetic model. The enzymatic kinetic parameters were as follows: maximal velocity = 0...
January 10, 2017: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063306/constitutive-expression-and-activity-of-cytochrome-p450-in-conventional-pigs
#9
Søren Drud Nielsen, Yvonne Bauhaus, Galia Zamaratskaia, Matheus Antunes Junqueira, Karoline Blaabjerg, Bjørn Petrat-Melin, Jette Feveile Young, Martin Krøyer Rasmussen
Pigs have often been suggested to be a useful model for humans, when investigating CYP dependent events, like drug metabolism. However, comprehensive knowledge about the constitutive expression of the major CYP and corresponding transcription factors is limited. We compared the constitutive mRNA expression of aryl hydrocarbon receptor, constitutive androstane receptor and pregnane X receptor and CYP1A1, CYP1A2, CYP2A, CYP2E1 and CYP3A in liver, adipose tissue, muscle and small intestine in pigs, as well as the expression along the length of the small intestine and colon...
December 23, 2016: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056947/triptolide-induces-hepatotoxicity-via-inhibition-of-cyp450s-in-rat-liver-microsomes
#10
Yan Lu, Tong Xie, Yajie Zhang, Fuqiong Zhou, Jie Ruan, Weina Zhu, Huaxu Zhu, Zhe Feng, Xueping Zhou
BACKGROUND: Triptolide (TP), an active constituent of Tripterygium wilfordii, possesses numerous pharmacological activities. However, its effects on cytochrome P450 enzymes (CYP450s) in rats remain unexplored. METHODS: In this study, the effects of triptolide on the six main CYP450 isoforms (1A2, 2C9, 2C19, 2D6, 2E1, and 3A) were investigated both in vivo and in vitro. We monitored the body weight, survival proportions, liver index, changes in pathology, and biochemical index upon TP administration, in vivo...
January 5, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052106/a-prediction-algorithm-for-drug-response-in-patients-with-mesial-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-based-on-clinical-and-genetic-information
#11
Mariana S Silva-Alves, Rodrigo Secolin, Benilton S Carvalho, Clarissa L Yasuda, Elizabeth Bilevicius, Marina K M Alvim, Renato O Santos, Claudia V Maurer-Morelli, Fernando Cendes, Iscia Lopes-Cendes
Mesial temporal lobe epilepsy is the most common form of adult epilepsy in surgical series. Currently, the only characteristic used to predict poor response to clinical treatment in this syndrome is the presence of hippocampal sclerosis. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) located in genes encoding drug transporter and metabolism proteins could influence response to therapy. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate whether combining information from clinical variables as well as SNPs in candidate genes could improve the accuracy of predicting response to drug therapy in patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051126/cytochrome-p450-2e1-promotes-fast-food-mediated-hepatic-fibrosis
#12
Mohamed A Abdelmegeed, Youngshim Choi, Grzegorz Godlewski, Seung-Kwon Ha, Atrayee Banerjee, Sehwan Jang, Byoung-Joon Song
Cytochrome P450-2E1 (CYP2E1) increases oxidative stress. High hepatic cholesterol causes non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and fibrosis. Thus, we aimed to study the role of CYP2E1 in promoting liver fibrosis by high cholesterol-containing fast-food (FF). Male wild-type (WT) and Cyp2e1-null mice were fed standard chow or FF for 2, 12, and 24 weeks. Various parameters of liver fibrosis and potential mechanisms such as oxidative and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, inflammation, and insulin resistance (IR) were studied...
January 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050398/the-impact-of-cyp1a2-and-cyp2e1-genes-polymorphism-on-theophylline-response
#13
REVIEW
Em Sutrisna
Theophylline is a medicine with narrow therapeutic index. This implies that a small change in dosage would cause side effects. Theophylline is metabolized by CYP1A2 and CYP2E1. The aim of this review is to know the impact of CYP1A2 and CYP2E1 genes polymorphism on theophylline response. The review was done by searching literature in Pubmed and Science Direct databases with keywords 'polymorphism', 'pharmacogenetic', 'CYP1A2', 'CYP2E1' and 'theophylline'. There were 5 research articles from Pubmed and 65 articles (21 research articles, 23 review articles and 21 book chapters) from Science Direct...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038420/differential-protein-expression-and-localization-of-cyp450-enzymes-in-three-species-of-earthworm-is-this-a-reflection-of-environmental-adaptation
#14
Xiaoxu Lu, Yinsheng Li, Michelle Thunders, Jo Cavanagh, Cory Matthew, Xiuhong Wang, Xinchu Zhou, Jiangping Qiu
Cytochrome P450 (CYP450) is a hemoprotein superfamily, among which CYP1, CYP2 and CYP3 play a major role in the metabolism of vast array of xenobiotics and endobiotics. This paper reports on three CYP enzyme variants (CYP1A2, CYP2E1 and CYP3A4) in three species of earthworm (Eisenia fetida, Metaphire guillelmi and Amynthas carnosus). The relative expression levels and localization of the three associated proteins were investigated at three life-cycle points (juvenile, sub-adult and adult), through comparison of anterior and posterior body tissue and between specific organs (body wall, intestine and reproductive tissues) using western blot analysis...
December 12, 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033105/association-between-the-tp53-and-cyp2e1-5b-gene-polymorphisms-and-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#15
Ahmet Oguz Ada, Serdar Bilgen, Volkan Karacaoglan, Celalettin Semih Kunak, Emre Soydas, Sibel Alpar, Meral Gulhan, Mumtaz Iscan
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most common form of lung cancer. Genetic polymorphisms in tumour suppressor genes and genes encoding xenobiotic metabolising enzymes alter the activity of their corresponding enzymes and are important individual susceptibility factors for NSCLC. Because of the lack of information in literature, the aim of our study was to investigate the role of the tumour suppressor gene TP53 (Arg72Pro) and the xenobiotic metabolising CYP2E1*5B gene polymorphisms on the risk of NSCLC development...
December 1, 2016: Arhiv za Higijenu Rada i Toksikologiju
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032633/estrogen-receptors-%C3%AE-and-%C3%AE-play-major-roles-in-ethanol-evoked-myocardial-oxidative-stress-and-dysfunction-in-conscious-ovariectomized-rats
#16
Fanrong Yao, Abdel A Abdel-Rahman
BACKGROUND: We documented the dependence of ethanol (EtOH)-evoked myocardial dysfunction on estrogen (E2 ), and our recent estrogen receptor (ER) blockade study, in proestrus rats, implicated ERα signaling in this phenomenon. However, a limitation of selective pharmacological loss-of-function approach is the potential contribution of the other 2 ERs to the observed effects because crosstalk exists between the 3 ERs. Here, we adopted a "regain"-of-function approach (using selective ER subtype agonists) to identify the ER subtype(s) required for unraveling the E2 -dependent myocardial oxidative stress/dysfunction caused by EtOH in conscious ovariectomized (OVX) rats...
December 29, 2016: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028366/hepatoprotective-and-antioxidant-effects-of-lycopene-on-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-rat
#17
Wei Jiang, Mei-Hua Guo, Xin Hai
AIM: To evaluate the hepatoprotective effect of lycopene (Ly) on non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in rat. METHODS: A rat model of NAFLD was first established by feeding a high-fat diet for 14 wk. Sixty-five rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group and Ly treatment groups. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol (TC) in serum and low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C), free fatty acid (FFA), malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione (GSH) in liver tissue were evaluated, respectively...
December 14, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026023/effects-of-long-term-ethanol-consumption-and-aldh1b1-depletion-on-intestinal-tumourigenesis-in-mice
#18
Mike F Müller, Ying Zhou, David J Adams, Mark J Arends
Ethanol and its metabolite acetaldehyde have been classified as carcinogens for the upper aerodigestive tract, liver, breast and colorectum. Whereas mechanisms related to oxidative stress and Cyp2e1 induction seem to prevail in the liver, and acetaldehyde has been proposed to play a crucial role in the upper aerodigestive tract, pathological mechanisms in the colorectum have not yet been clarified. Moreover, all evidence for a pro-carcinogenic role of ethanol in colorectal cancer is derived from correlations observed in epidemiological studies or from rodent studies with additional carcinogen application or tumour suppressor gene inactivation...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018104/cyp1a1-cyp2e1-and-ephx1-polymorphisms-in-sporadic-colorectal-neoplasms
#19
Glaucia Maria M Fernandes, Anelise Russo, Marcela Alcântara Proença, Nathalia Fernanda Gazola, Gabriela Helena Rodrigues, Patrícia Matos Biselli-Chicote, Ana Elizabete Silva, João Gomes Netinho, Érika Cristina Pavarino, Eny Maria Goloni-Bertollo
AIM: To investigate the contribution of polymorphisms in the CYP1A1, CYP2E1 and EPHX1 genes on sporadic colorectal cancer (SCRC) risk. METHODS: Six hundred forty-one individuals (227 patients with SCRC and 400 controls) were enrolled in the study. The variables analyzed were age, gender, tobacco and alcohol consumption, and clinical and histopathological tumor parameters. The CYP1A1*2A, CYP1A1*2C CYP2E1*5B and CYP2E1*6 polymorphisms were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP)...
December 7, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007398/development-of-gc-ms-based-cytochrome-p450-assay-for-the-investigation-of-multi-herb-interaction
#20
Hyun-A Oh, Hyunbeom Lee, Donghak Kim, Byung Hwa Jung
As drug interactions with cytochrome P450 enzymes become increasingly important in the field of drug discovery, a high-throughput screening method for analysing the effects of a drug is needed. We have developed a simple and rapid simultaneous analytical method using a cocktail approach for measuring the activities of seven cytochrome P450 enzymes (CYP1A2, CYP2A6, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6, CYP2E1 and CYP3A4). Human liver microsomes were used as a source for the seven cytochrome P450 enzymes, and a gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was used for analysing their activities...
February 15, 2017: Analytical Biochemistry
keyword
keyword
88787
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"