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lobectomy in lung cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167690/synchronous-gists-associated-with-multiple-sporadic-tumors-a-case-report
#1
Danila Comandini, Azzurra Damiani, Alessandro Pastorino
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are rare neoplasms, but they also represent the most common mesenchymal tumors of the gastrointestinal tract originating from the cell of Cajal. GIST incidence ranges around 1% of all gastrointestinal malignancies. Approximately 5% of all GISTs have a hereditary etiology. The remaining 95% of GISTs are considered sporadic events, with up to 75% of cases driven by a constitutional activation of the c-KIT proto-oncogene. GISTs are generally solitary lesions. Nonetheless, multiple sporadic GISTs can occur and present as synchronous or metachronous tumors, usually associated with familial GIST...
2017: Drugs in Context
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152497/molecular-analysis-driven-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-resections-in-bilateral-synchronous-lung-cancers-from-the-test-tube-to-the-operatory-room
#2
REVIEW
Sergio Nicola Forti Parri, Barbara Bonfanti, Alessandra Cancellieri, Dario De Biase, Rocco Trisolini, Stefania Zoboli, Luca Bertolaccini, Piergiorgio Solli, Giovanni Tallini
Synchronous cancers are not such rare clinical conditions. Nevertheless, even after the 8th edition of the TNM classification of the lung cancer, the surgical approach for patients presenting with synchronous bilateral lung cancer is still under debate. The resection of both lesions in the case of synchronous bilateral lung cancer is reasonable, but, on the other hand, is the lobectomy the correct choice in the event of the single primary with a contralateral metastatic lesion? In this case report, we describe how the molecular analysis and the detection of the EGFR, KRAS and TP53 mutations in both tumours have determined in a patient the two tumours as primary and both the right surgical approach...
October 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145107/postoperative-thoracic-hemorrhage-after-right-upper-lobectomy-with-thoracic-wall-resection-during-rivaroxaban-anticoagulant-therapy-for-deep-leg-vein-thrombosis-a-case-report
#3
Taiji Kuwata, Masatoshi Kanayama, Ayako Hirai, Shuichi Shinohara, Masaru Takenaka, Soichi Oka, Yasuhiro Chikaishi, Naoko Imanishi, Koji Kuroda, Fumihiro Tanaka
INTRODUCTION: Postoperative pulmonary embolism (PE) is the one of the most important complications after thoracic surgery. This complicatin after the surgery is often treated by new anticoaglant drug, such as rivaroxaban, which dose not need to the monitoring of blood coaglation system. We experienced postoperative bleeding case during anticoaglant therapy using rivaroxaban. PRESENTATION OF CASE: The patient underwent a right upper lobectomy with lung and chest wall resection for lung cancer...
November 11, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136038/midterm-outcomes-of-single-port-thoracoscopic-surgery-for-major-pulmonary-resection
#4
Kook Nam Han, Hyun Koo Kim, Young Ho Choi
INTRODUCTION: Single-port thoracoscopic surgery has widened the current minimally invasive surgical techniques toward more less invasive procedures in terms of reducing the number of incisions. However, the current status of oncologic outcome with this technique is not well known for lung cancer surgery. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the oncologic outcomes in early stage lung cancer for impact of the survival outcomes with our experience of conversion to a single-port approach from the conventional three-port approach...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134538/postoperative-atrial-fibrillation-is-less-frequent-in-pulmonary-segmentectomy-compared-with-lobectomy
#5
Takuya Ueda, Kenji Suzuki, Takeshi Matsunaga, Kazuya Takamochi, Shiaki Oh
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to elucidate the characteristics and predictors of postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) from the standpoint of surgical mode. METHODS: Retrospective analysis was carried out on 607 patients who underwent lobectomy or segmentectomy for clinical stage IA lung cancer. We investigated the clinical factors to determine the predictors of the development of POAF. RESULTS: Of the 607 patients, 443 underwent lobectomy, and 164 underwent segmentectomy...
November 13, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132704/extent-of-resection-and-lymph-node-assessment-for-clinical-stage-t1an0m0-typical-carcinoid-tumors
#6
Lisa M Brown, David T Cooke, James R Jett, Elizabeth A David
BACKGROUND: The optimal extent of lung resection and lymph node (LN) assessment for surgical treatment of clinical stage T1aN0M0 typical carcinoid tumors is unclear. Using a cohort including only these patients, we aimed to determine the impact of extent of lung resection and LN assessment on overall survival. METHODS: Patients undergoing lobectomy or sublobar resection for clinical stage T1aN0M0 intraparenchymal typical carcinoid tumor were identified in the National Cancer Data Base from 1998 to 2012...
November 11, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124039/surgical-management-of-stage-iiia-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#7
REVIEW
Paul E Van Schil, Lawek Berzenji, Suresh K Yogeswaran, Jeroen M Hendriks, Patrick Lauwers
According to the eighth edition of the tumor-node-metastasis classification, stage III non-small cell lung cancer is subdivided into stages IIIA, IIIB, and IIIC. They represent a heterogeneous group of bronchogenic carcinomas with locoregional involvement by extension of the primary tumor and/or ipsilateral or contralateral lymph node involvement. Surgical indications have not been definitely established but, in general, long-term survival is only obtained in those patients in whom a complete resection is obtained...
2017: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124025/efficacy-of-single-port-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-lobectomy-compared-with-triple-port-vats-by-propensity-score-matching
#8
Kyung Sub Song, Chang Kwon Park, Jae Bum Kim
Background: In recent years, single-port video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for lobectomy in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients has become increasingly common. The objective of this study was to compare the feasibility and safety of single-port and triple-port VATS lobectomy. Methods: A total of 73 patients with NSCLC who underwent VATS lobectomy from December 2011 to August 2016 were retrospectively reviewed, including 47 in the triple-port group and 26 in the single-port group...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124023/resection-for-pancreatic-cancer-lung-metastases
#9
Masayuki Okui, Takashi Yamamichi, Ayaka Asakawa, Masahiko Harada, Hirotoshi Horio
Background: Pancreatic cancer is a highly aggressive solid tumor. Patients with metastases from pancreatic cancer have poor survival rates. Here, we report the outcomes of 6 patients for whom resection of lung metastases was performed after a pancreatectomy to treat pancreatic cancer. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the perioperative clinical data of patients with lung metastases resulting from primary pancreatic cancer who were treated with lung resection between 2008 and 2015...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121474/outcomes-following-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-lobectomy-versus-open-lobectomy-for-early-stage-lung-cancer-in-older-adults
#10
Nicole Ezer, Minal Kale, Keith Sigel, Sameer Lakha, Grace Mhango, Emily Goodman, Daniel Nicastri, Scott Swanson, Alfred Neugut, Juan P Wisnivesky
RATIONALE: Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery and open lobectomy are both standard of care for treatment of early stage NSCLC because of equivalent long-term survival. OBJECTIVE: To evaluated whether the improved peri-operative outcomes associated with VATS are explained by differences in case volume and specialty training. METHODS: We analyzed the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results-Medicare linked registry to identify stage I-II NSCLC in patients above 65 years of age...
November 9, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120928/oncologic-considerations-in-the-elderly
#11
Mohamed K Kamel, Jeffrey L Port
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Elderly patients presenting with thoracic malignancies tend to be largely undertreated because of a presumption that this group will incur a high treatment-associated morbidity and mortality. The current review highlights the current practice and recent updates in the surgical management of thoracic malignancies, mainly lung cancer, in the elderly population. RECENT FINDINGS: Lung resections appears to be relatively safe in the elderly patients presenting with lung cancer...
November 8, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119014/pulmonary-metastasectomy-in-uterine-malignancies-outcome-and-prognostic-factors
#12
Marco Anile, Sara Mantovani, Ylenia Pecoraro, Carolina Carillo, Lorenzo Gherzi, Andreina Pagini, Erino Angelo Rendina, Federico Venuta, Daniele Diso
Background: This retrospective study is designed to evaluate factors affecting survival in a population of patients receiving pulmonary metastasectomy after gynecologic cancers. Methods: Nineteen patients with isolated lung metastases (one or two) were surgically treated with R0 resection. Four of them underwent lobectomies. Results: Six patients (31.6%) received adjuvant therapy and 11 (58%) experienced recurrences after metastasectomy. Five- and ten-year survival were 40...
October 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119012/prognostic-factors-after-pulmonary-metastasectomy-of-colorectal-cancers-a-single-center-experience
#13
Ludovic Fournel, Stefania Maria, Marie Seminel, Jessica Nesci, Audrey Mansuet-Lupo, Claude Guinet, Pierre Magdeleinat, Antonio Bobbio, Jean-Fran├žois Regnard, Marco Alifano
Background: Surgical resection has been widely admitted as the treatment of choice for pulmonary metastases of colorectal cancer (CRC). Nevertheless, this practice is not supported by high level of evidence and patients' eligibility remains controversial. Aim of this study was to evaluate long terms results and factors influencing survival after lung metastasectomy of CRC. Methods: A single-center retrospective analysis of patients with pathologically proven colorectal metastasis, operated from 2004 to 2013, was performed...
October 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108319/detection-of-tumor-derived-dna-dispersed-in-the-airway-improves-the-diagnostic-accuracy-of-bronchoscopy-for-lung-cancer
#14
Taichiro Goto, Yosuke Hirotsu, Takahiro Nakagomi, Daichi Shikata, Yujiro Yokoyama, Kenji Amemiya, Toshiharu Tsutsui, Yumiko Kakizaki, Toshio Oyama, Hitoshi Mochizuki, Yoshihiro Miyashita, Masao Omata
The diagnostic accuracy of bronchoscopy for detecting lung cancer, especially peripheral lung cancer with lesions outside the endoscopically visible range, remains unsatisfactory. The aim of this study was to perform next-generation sequencing on bronchoscopic specimens to determine whether this improves the accuracy of bronchoscopy for diagnosing lung cancer and to identify factors influencing sensitivity. The bronchoscopic sensitivity for diagnosing lung cancer was initially evaluated in 191 patients who underwent lobectomy after bronchoscopy at our hospital...
October 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107823/photodynamic-therapy-for-an-iris-metastasis-from-pulmonary-adenocarcinoma
#15
Yanyan Chen, Yuedong Hu
Uveal metastasis is the most common intraocular malignancy. Lung cancer is one of the most common malignancies that metastasize to uvea. Iris involvement is rarely reported. Here we report a case of iris metastasis from pulmonary adenocarcinoma that was treated with photodynamic therapy (PDT). A 65-year-old Chinese man was referred to our hospital for iris white neoplasm and blurred vision for 2 weeks in his right eye. His accepted pulmonary lobectomy, radiotherapy and chemotherapy for pulmonary adenocarcinoma 1year ago and liver metastases were found 2 months earlier...
October 28, 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106886/surgical-treatment-for-early-small-cell-lung-cancer-variability-in-practice-and-impact-on-survival
#16
Elliot Wakeam, James P Byrne, Gail E Darling, Thomas K Varghese
BACKGROUND: Surgical resection with lobectomy is recommended for T1/T2 N0 small cell lung cancer (SCLC) patients after negative mediastinal staging. We sought to characterize variation in surgical therapy for early SCLC and determine the effect of a hospital's practice patterns on patient survival. METHODS: The National Cancer Database was examined from 2004 to 2013. Risk- and reliability-adjusted hierarchical logistic regression was used to estimate the adjusted odds of resection by hospital...
October 26, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106810/stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-for-early-stage-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-endorsement-of-the-american-society-for-radiation-oncology-evidence-based-guideline
#17
Bryan J Schneider, Megan E Daly, Erin B Kennedy, Mara B Antonoff, Stephen Broderick, Jill Feldman, Shruti Jolly, Bryan Meyers, Gaetano Rocco, Chad Rusthoven, Ben J Slotman, Daniel H Sterman, Brendon M Stiles
Purpose The American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) produced an evidence-based guideline on treatment with stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for patients with early-stage non-small-cell lung cancer. ASCO has a policy and set of procedures for endorsing and/or adapting clinical practice guidelines that have been developed by other professional organizations. Methods The ASTRO Evidence-Based Guideline for Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy for Early-Stage Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer was reviewed for developmental rigor by methodologists...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104200/-usefulness-of-oxidization-regenerated-cellulose-sheets-in-preventing-postoperative-adhesion-confirmed-at-second-surgery-for-lung-cancer
#18
Eiki Mizutani, Kazuki Nakahara, Shigeki Miyanaga, Ayako Seike, Emi Sakai
The patient was a 42-year-old woman who had been found to have a mixed ground glass opacity in the lung on chest computed tomography, and had underwent right S6 segmentectomy. At surgery, the plain between the upper and lower lobe was covered with a regenerative oxidized cellulose membrane. Two years later, multiple small shadows appeared in the remaining right lower lobe and completion right lower lobectomy was performed by thoracoscopy due to the adhesion to the absence of adhesion. Both of the histological examinations confirmed the diagnosis of minimally invasive adenocarcinoma of the lung...
November 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103816/all-grades-of-severity-of-postoperative-adverse-events-are-associated-with-prolonged-length-of-stay-after-lung-cancer-resection
#19
Zach Zhang, Fargol Mostofian, Jelena Ivanovic, Sebastien Gilbert, Donna E Maziak, Farid M Shamji, Sudhir Sundaresan, Patrick J Villeneuve, Andrew J E Seely
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether all grades of severity of postoperative adverse events are associated with prolonged length of stay in patients undergoing pulmonary cancer resection. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of all patients who underwent pulmonary resection with curative intent for malignancy at The Ottawa Hospital, Division of Thoracic Surgery (January 2008 to July 2015). Postoperative adverse events were collected prospectively with the Thoracic Morbidity & Mortality System, based on the Clavien-Dindo severity classification...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103238/neo-adjuvant-chemo-radiation-to-60-gray-followed-by-surgery-for-locally-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients-evaluation-of-trimodality-strategy
#20
Sarit Appel, Jeffry Goldstein, Marina Perelman, Tatiana Rabin, Damien Urban, Amir Onn, Tiberiu R Shulimzon, Ilana Weiss, Sivan Lieberman, Edith M Marom, Nir Golan, David Simansky, Alon Ben-Nun, Yaacov Richard Lawrence, Jair Bar, Zvi Symon
BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant chemo-radiation therapy (CRT) dosages in locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) were traditionally limited to 45 Gray (Gy). OBJECTIVES: To retrospectively analyze outcomes of patients treated with 60 Gy CRT followed by surgery. METHODS: A retrospective chart review identified patients selected for CRT to 60 Gy followed by surgery between August 2012 and April 2016. Selection for surgery was based on the extent of disease, cardiopulmonary function, and response to treatment...
October 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
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