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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320237/a-comparison-of-induction-of-labor-success-rates-over-three-time-periods-in-20-years-at-a-single-academic-tertiary-care-center-are-we-improving-vaginal-delivery-rates
#1
Richard Fischer, Nicole Machac, Krystal Hunter, Lori Adriance
OBJECTIVE: To compare the rates of successful induction of labor during three one-year periods over 20 years at a single institution. METHODS: All women at 37 weeks or beyond with a living, singleton, cephalic fetus admitted for induction of labor in 1992, 2002, and 2012 were included. The use of induction agents and rates of successful vaginal delivery were compared. RESULTS: A total of 627 women were evaluated, 219 in 1992, 220 in 2002, and 188 in 2012...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295174/predictors-of-mode-of-birth-and-duration-of-labour-following-induction-using-prostaglandin-vaginal-gel
#2
Michael Beckmann, Kristen Gibbons, Vicki Flenady, Sailesh Kumar
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Using data from a randomised controlled trial (RCT) comparing two policies of prostaglandin (PGE2) vaginal gel induction of labour (IOL) at term, this study aimed to determine: (i) demographic/clinical factors that predict IOL outcomes; and (ii) clinical characteristic(s) of women who would benefit from a policy of amniotomy once technically possible as opposed to giving more PGE2. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Following an initial PGE2 dose, women were randomised to amniotomy or repeat-PGE2...
March 13, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260689/foley-catheter-for-induction-of-labour-filled-with-30ml-or-60ml-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Evelien M Sandberg, Evy M Schepers, Rosalie L van Sitter, Claartje M A Huisman, Wim J van Wijngaarden
OBJECTIVES: One of the methods used to induce labour is the placement of a transcervical Foley catheter (FC). The aim of this randomized controlled study was to assess in term pregnant women with an unfavourable cervix, whether there is a difference in efficacy between the two most commonly used insufflation volumes of FC (30mL and 60mL). STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. RESULTS: Women were randomized to induction of labour with a Foley catheter filled with 30mL or with 60mL...
February 24, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238320/-oxytocin-administration-during-spontaneous-labour-guidelines-for-clinical-practice-guidelines-short-text
#4
C Dupont, M Carayol, C Le Ray, C Barasinski, R Beranger, A Burguet, A Chantry, C Chiesa, B Coulm, A Evrard, C Fischer, L Gaucher, C Guillou, F Leroy, E Phan, A Rousseau, V Tessier, F Vendittelli, C Deneux-Tharaux, D Riethmuller
OBJECTIVES: To define the different stages of spontaneous labour. To determine the indications, modalities of use and the effects of administering synthetic oxytocin. And to describe undesirable maternal and perinatal outcomes associated with the use of synthetic oxytocin. METHOD: A systematic review was carried out by searching Medline database and websites of obstetrics learned societies until March 2016. RESULTS: The 1st stage of labor is divided in a latence phase and an active phase, which switch at 5cm of cervical dilatation...
January 2017: Gynecol Obstet Fertil Senol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159134/routine-interventions-in-childbirth-before-and-after-initiation-of-an-action-research-project
#5
Viola Nyman, Leyla Roshani, Marie Berg, Terese Bondas, Soo Downe, Anna Dencker
BACKGROUND: Unnecessary routine interventions in uncomplicated labour and birth, like cardiotocography (CTG), amniotomy, use of scalp electrode and oxytocin treatment, are associated with further interventions that could harm the woman and the infant. A four year Action Research (AR) project was done on a labour ward to enhance the capacity of local midwives in the promotion of physiological labour and birth. AIM: To describe the use of interventions during labour and birth in healthy women at term with spontaneous onset of labour, before and after initiation of an Action Research project...
March 2017: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121831/committee-opinion-no-687-approaches-to-limit-intervention-during-labor-and-birth
#6
(no author information available yet)
Obstetrician-gynecologists, in collaboration with midwives, nurses, patients, and those who support them in labor, can help women meet their goals for labor and birth by using techniques that are associated with minimal interventions and high rates of patient satisfaction. Many common obstetric practices are of limited or uncertain benefit for low-risk women in spontaneous labor. For women who are in latent labor and are not admitted, a process of shared decision making is recommended. Admission during the latent phase of labor may be necessary for a variety of reasons...
February 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121830/committee-opinion-no-687-summary-approaches-to-limit-intervention-during-labor-and-birth
#7
(no author information available yet)
Obstetrician-gynecologists, in collaboration with midwives, nurses, patients, and those who support them in labor, can help women meet their goals for labor and birth by using techniques that are associated with minimal interventions and high rates of patient satisfaction. Many common obstetric practices are of limited or uncertain benefit for low-risk women in spontaneous labor. For women who are in latent labor and are not admitted, a process of shared decision making is recommended. Admission during the latent phase of labor may be necessary for a variety of reasons...
February 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110590/early-amniotomy-after-dinoprostone-insert-used-for-the-induction-of-labor-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Evrim Bostanci, Ahmet Eser, Cigdem Yayla Abide, Cetin Kılıccı, Mehmet Kucukbas
PURPOSE: We assessed whether early amniotomy, after ripening with a dinoprostone insert, reduces the duration of labor or increases the rate of delivery within the following 24 ho. METHODS: A prospective randomized controlled study was conducted of 200 consenting, at term pregnant women at the Zeynep Kamil Maternity and Children's Training and Research Hospital. Each participant received vaginal inserts of 10 mg dinoprostone. The women were assigned randomly one of two groups: early amniotomy (artificial rupture of membranes when cervical dilation was at 3 cm) or standard amniotomy (the membranes were left to rupture spontaneously)...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061767/the-effect-of-induction-method-in-twin-pregnancies-a-secondary-analysis-for-the-twin-birth-study
#9
Elad Mei-Dan, Elizabeth V Asztalos, Andrew R Willan, Jon F R Barrett
BACKGROUND: This secondary analysis for the Twin Birth Study, an international, multicenter trial, aimed to compare the cesarean section rates and safety between methods of induction of labor in twin pregnancies. METHODS: Women with twin pregnancies where the first twin was in a cephalic presentation and who presented for labor induction, were non-randomly assigned to receive prostaglandin or amniotomy and/or oxytocin. Main outcome measures were the rates of unplanned cesarean section and neonatal and maternal mortality or serious morbidity...
January 6, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056435/measuring-women-s-experience-of-induction-of-labor-using-prostaglandin-vaginal-gel
#10
Michael Beckmann, Rachel Thompson, Yvette Miller, Samantha J Prosser, Vicki Flenady, Sailesh Kumar
OBJECTIVE: To describe and examine the EXIT (EXperiences of Induction Tool), and report on the experience of women undergoing PGE2 vaginal gel IOL, who were participants in a randomized controlled trial comparing early amniotomy with repeat-PGE2. STUDY DESIGN: Following an evening dose of PGE2 vaginal gel, 245 women with live singleton term pregnancies were randomized to amniotomy or repeat-PGE2. Women's experience of IOL was a secondary outcome measure, assessed using the self-report EXIT administered by phone at 7-9days post-partum...
December 28, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904588/normal-birth-in-kazakhstan-labor-management-practice-in-accordance-with-world-health-organization-s-recommendations
#11
Aizhan D Kyzayeva, Aigul B Kudamanova
BACKGROUND: Over the last 10 years, the evidential practice has been developing in Kazakhstan. The clinical protocols of diagnostics and treatment were implemented in the country since 2007. We analyzed the normal birth practice in Kazakhstan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Obstetricians and midwives were subject to the questionnaire survey in four large Maternity Hospitals of Almaty. RESULTS: Totally, 72 midwives and 50 obstetricians took part in the questionnaire survey...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743500/pregnancy-outcome-in-joint-hypermobility-syndrome-and-ehlers-danlos-syndrome
#12
Heléne E K Sundelin, Olof Stephansson, Kari Johansson, Jonas F Ludvigsson
INTRODUCTION: An increased risk of preterm birth in women with joint hypermobility syndrome or Ehlers-Danlos syndrome is suspected. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this nationwide cohort study from 1997 through 2011, women with either joint hypermobility syndrome or Ehlers-Danlos syndrome or both disorders were identified through the Swedish Patient Register, and linked to the Medical Birth Register. Thereby, 314 singleton births to women with joint hypermobility syndrome/Ehlers-Danlos syndrome before delivery were identified...
January 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662001/the-labor-games
#13
Laurice Bou Nemer, Dawn Kalin, Desiree Fiorentino, Jorge J Garcia, Christopher M Estes
OBJECTIVE: To develop and evaluate a simulation laboratory designed to stimulate learning and increase medical students' preparedness for an obstetrics and gynecology clinical clerkship. METHODS: Ninety-seven medical students participated in the games during their obstetrics and gynecology clerkship in 1 year. Using the resident-as-teacher model, students rotated through seven stations, each with a simulated obstetric task. Points were awarded at each station, and the student with the highest score won...
October 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27587290/which-method-is-best-for-the-induction-of-labour-a-systematic-review-network-meta-analysis-and-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#14
Zarko Alfirevic, Edna Keeney, Therese Dowswell, Nicky J Welton, Nancy Medley, Sofia Dias, Leanne V Jones, Gillian Gyte, Deborah M Caldwell
BACKGROUND: More than 150,000 pregnant women in England and Wales have their labour induced each year. Multiple pharmacological, mechanical and complementary methods are available to induce labour. OBJECTIVE: To assess the relative effectiveness, safety and cost-effectiveness of labour induction methods and, data permitting, effects in different clinical subgroups. METHODS: We carried out a systematic review using Cochrane methods. The Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register was searched (March 2014)...
August 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27517646/the-reduction-of-first-cesarean-sections-a-cultural-issue
#15
LETTER
Alessandro Svelato, Mariarosaria Di Tommaso, Roberta Spinoso, Antonio Ragusa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500341/association-of-early-amniotomy-after-foley-balloon-catheter-ripening-and-duration-of-nulliparous-labor-induction
#16
Ashley N Battarbee, Anna Palatnik, Danielle A Peress, William A Grobman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between early amniotomy after ripening with a Foley balloon catheter and duration of labor induction. METHODS: In this retrospective matched cohort study, 546 nulliparous women with a singleton viable gestation undergoing cervical ripening with a Foley balloon catheter were compared based on timing of amniotomy after catheter removal: early (defined as artificial rupture of membranes less than 1 hour after Foley removal) compared with no artificial rupture of membranes in the first hour...
September 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27423032/simplified-bishop-score-including-parity-predicts-successful-induction-of-labor
#17
Joanna Ivars, Charles Garabedian, Patrick Devos, Denis Therby, Sabine Carlier, Philippe Deruelle, Damien Subtil
OBJECTIVE: Our objectives were to confirm the predictiveness of parity for successful labor induction and propose an improvement in the Bishop's score to take parity into account and simultaneously simplify the original Bishop score. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study of 326 deliveries induced by oxytocin and amniotomy before prostaglandins between January 1, 1987, and June 30, 1988. We conducted a univariate and then a multivariate analysis of the relation between successful labor induction - defined by vaginal delivery- and the components of Bishop's score and parity...
August 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27294375/fetal-monitoring-of-patients-diagnosed-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-case-report
#18
F Sierra, D Reitz, S Ermisch, G Heller, S Schmidt
We report a case of pathological foetal Doppler velocity, specifically the absence of end diastolic flow in the umbilical artery (AEDV/REDV), suspected diabetic pregnancy and mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis, at 32 weeks of gestation. The foetal heart rate tracings were evaluated using a computerised cardiotocogram (Oxford Sonicaid system 8002 Chichester, England) 1 for 20-30 min parallel to the routine cardiotocogram. The ultrasound control at 33 weeks of gestation showed oligohydramnion, foetal centralisation and reduced interval foetal growth...
August 2016: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27121907/midwife-led-continuity-models-versus-other-models-of-care-for-childbearing-women
#19
REVIEW
Jane Sandall, Hora Soltani, Simon Gates, Andrew Shennan, Declan Devane
BACKGROUND: Midwives are primary providers of care for childbearing women around the world. However, there is a lack of synthesised information to establish whether there are differences in morbidity and mortality, effectiveness and psychosocial outcomes between midwife-led continuity models and other models of care. OBJECTIVES: To compare midwife-led continuity models of care with other models of care for childbearing women and their infants. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register (25 January 2016) and reference lists of retrieved studies...
April 28, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27001034/methods-to-induce-labour-a-systematic-review-network-meta-analysis-and-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Z Alfirevic, E Keeney, T Dowswell, N J Welton, N Medley, S Dias, L V Jones, D M Caldwell
OBJECTIVES: To compare the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of labour induction methods. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of randomised trials comparing interventions for third-trimester labour induction (search date: March 2014). Network meta-analysis was possible for six of nine prespecified key outcomes: vaginal delivery within 24 hours (VD24), caesarean section, uterine hyperstimulation, neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admissions, instrumental delivery and infant Apgar scores...
August 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
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