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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953844/psychiatric-manifestation-of-patients-with-epilepsy-in-mosul-iraq
#1
Khalid Omar Sultan, Bashar Shaker Mahmood, Zainab Najim, Dhiher Jameel Al-Habboo, Hellme Najim
BACKGROUND: It has been proven that physical morbidity is related to psychiatric illness. Some physical illnesses are more related to psychiatric morbidity compared to others. Epilepsy is considered one of them, as patients who suffer from epilepsy has disturbances of consciousness and this leads to a variety of psychological disturbance in addition to the psychological and social impact of the illness. AIMS: To identify risk factors and psychiatric morbidity in epilepsy, in order to try to manage it and improve outcome of this illness and enhance quality of life...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900815/wavelet-based-encoding-scheme-for-controlling-size-of-compressed-ecg-segments-in-telecardiology-systems
#2
Asiya M Al-Busaidi, Lazhar Khriji, Farid Touati, Mohd Fadlee Rasid, Adel Ben Mnaouer
One of the major issues in time-critical medical applications using wireless technology is the size of the payload packet, which is generally designed to be very small to improve the transmission process. Using small packets to transmit continuous ECG data is still costly. Thus, data compression is commonly used to reduce the huge amount of ECG data transmitted through telecardiology devices. In this paper, a new ECG compression scheme is introduced to ensure that the compressed ECG segments fit into the available limited payload packets, while maintaining a fixed CR to preserve the diagnostic information...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873812/android-based-daily-routine-organizing-application-for-elementary-school-students-living-with-asd
#3
Eva A Barta, Tibor Guzsvinecz, Cecilia Sik Lanyi, Veronika Szucs
Today, more and more children with Autism Spectrum disorder are diagnosed, which means that around 1% of the population is concerned. Most of the concerned can acquire daily routine tasks by a bit of help and can fit in the society. As Besio et al. said, "…play is an instinctive need for both humans….In children with disabilities, depending on the type of functional limitations, the spontaneity of play is lost and the activity becomes problematic. Children with cognitive and intellectual impairments have a difficulties in communication, social interactions,…...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780100/technical-note-pagell-v-1-5-a-flexible-parametric-program-for-the-bayesian-analysis-of-longevity-data-within-the-context-of-animal-breeding
#4
J Casellas, L C Brito
This technical note presents the program PaGELL v.1.5 (Parametric Genetic Evaluation of Lifespan in Livestock), a flexible software program to analyze (right-censored) longevity data in livestock populations, with a special emphasis on the genetic evaluation of the breeding stock. This software relies on a parametric generalization of the proportional hazard model; more specifically, the baseline hazard function follows a Weibull process and flexibility is gained by including an additional time-dependent effect with the number of change points defined by the user...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684384/a-bit-of-fit-minimalist-intervention-in-adolescents-based-on-a-physical-activity-tracker
#5
Jeffrey Gaudet, François Gallant, Mathieu Bélanger
BACKGROUND: Only 5% of Canadian youth meet the recommended 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) per day, with leisure time being increasingly allocated to technology usage. Direct-to-consumer mHealth devices that promote physical activity, such as wrist-worn physical activity trackers, have features with potential appeal to youth. OBJECTIVE: The primary purpose of this study was to determine whether a minimalist physical activity tracker-based intervention would lead to an increase in physical activity in young adolescents...
July 6, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230685/first-letters-from-red-cross-nurses
#6
(no author information available yet)
Editor's note: From its first issue in 1900 to the present day, AJN has unparalleled archives detailing nurses' work and lives over more than a century. These articles not only chronicle nursing's growth as a profession within the context of the events of the day, but they also reveal prevailing societal attitudes about women, health care, and human rights. Today's nursing school curricula rarely include nursing's history, but it's a history worth knowing. To this end, From the AJN Archives highlights articles selected to fit today's topics and times...
March 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213940/estimating-mating-rates-in-wild-drosophila-melanogaster-females-by-decay-rates-of-male-reproductive-proteins-in-their-reproductive-tracts
#7
Thomas J Giardina, Andrew G Clark, Anthony C Fiumera
Female Drosophila melanogaster frequently mate with multiple males in nature as shown through parentage analysis. Although polyandry is well documented, we know little about the timing between mating events in wild Drosophila populations due to the challenge of following behaviors of individual females. In this study we used the presence of a male reproductive protein that is transferred to the female during mating (Sex Peptide, SP) to determine whether she had recently mated. We sampled females throughout the day, conducted control matings to determine the decay rate of SP within the female reproductive tract and performed computer simulations to fit the observed proportion of mated females to a non-homogenous Poisson process that defined the expected time between successive matings for a given female...
February 18, 2017: Molecular Ecology Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173706/insb-nanowires-with-built-in-gaxin1-xsb-tunnel-barriers-for-majorana-devices
#8
LETTER
Diana Car, Sonia Conesa-Boj, Hao Zhang, Roy L M Op Het Veld, Michiel W A de Moor, Elham M T Fadaly, Önder Gül, Sebastian Kölling, Sebastien R Plissard, Vigdis Toresen, Michael T Wimmer, Kenji Watanabe, Takashi Taniguchi, Leo P Kouwenhoven, Erik P A M Bakkers
Majorana zero modes (MZMs), prime candidates for topological quantum bits, are detected as zero bias conductance peaks (ZBPs) in tunneling spectroscopy measurements. Implementation of a narrow and high tunnel barrier in the next generation of Majorana devices can help to achieve the theoretically predicted quantized height of the ZBP. We propose a material-oriented approach to engineer a sharp and narrow tunnel barrier by synthesizing a thin axial segment of GaxIn1-xSb within an InSb nanowire. By varying the precursor molar fraction and the growth time, we accurately control the composition and the length of the barriers...
February 8, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066883/a-novel-pixel-based-method-to-estimate-the-instantaneous-velocity-of-a-vehicle-from-cctv-images
#9
Shengxiong Liu, Xiuju Yang, Jianguo Cui, Zhiyong Yin
In traffic forensic identifications, it was usually unfavorable that estimated velocities of questioned vehicles derived from frame-based methods eventually turned out to be close to but a bit less than speed limits. In this paper, a novel pixel-based method was presented to estimate vehicles' relatively instantaneous velocities. First, two adjacent pixels' actual distance was acquired from the closed-circuit television (CCTV) images. Then, the instantaneous average velocity within this one frame interval time (FIT) was calculated out...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046545/tu-d-207b-02-delta-radiomics-the-prognostic-value-of-therapy-induced-changes-in-radiomics-features-for-stage-iii-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients
#10
X Fave, L Zhang, J Yang, D Mackin, F Stingo, D Followill, P Balter, A Jones, D Gomez, L Court
PURPOSE: To determine how radiomics features change during radiation therapy and whether those changes (delta-radiomics features) can improve prognostic models built with clinical factors. METHODS: 62 radiomics features, including histogram, co-occurrence, run-length, gray-tone difference, and shape features, were calculated from pretreatment and weekly intra-treatment CTs for 107 stage III NSCLC patients (5-9 images per patient). Image preprocessing for each feature was determined using the set of pretreatment images: bit-depth resample and/or a smoothing filter were tested for their impact on volume-correlation and significance of each feature in univariate cox regression models to maximize their information content...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982697/on-the-effectiveness-of-sampling-for-evolutionary-optimization-in-noisy-environments
#11
Chao Qian, Yang Yu, Ke Tang, Yaochu Jin, Xin Yao, Zhi-Hua Zhou
In real-world optimization tasks, the objective (i.e., fitness) function evaluation is often disturbed by noise due to a wide range of uncertainties. Evolutionary algorithms are often employed in noisy optimization, where reducing the negative effect of noise is a crucial issue. Sampling is a popular strategy for dealing with noise: to estimate the fitness of a solution, it evaluates the fitness multiple ([Formula: see text]) times independently and then uses the sample average to approximate the true fitness...
December 16, 2016: Evolutionary Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906319/5-4-gbps-real-time-quantum-random-number-generator-with-simple-implementation
#12
Jie Yang, Jinlu Liu, Qi Su, Zhengyu Li, Fan Fan, Bingjie Xu, Hong Guo
We present a random number generation scheme based on measuring the phase fluctuations of a laser with a simple experimental setup. A simple model is established to analyze the randomness and the simulation result based on this model fits well with the experiment data. After the analog to digital sampling and suitable randomness extraction integrated in the field programmable gate array, the final random bits are delivered to a PC, realizing a 5.4 Gbps real time quantum random number generation. The final random bit sequences have passed all the NIST and DIEHARD tests...
November 28, 2016: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824576/concentration-encoded-subdiffusive-molecular-communication-theory-channel-characteristics-and-optimum-signal-detection
#13
Mohammad Upal Mahfuz, Dimitrios Makrakis, Hussein T Mouftah
Unlike normal diffusion, in anomalous diffusion, the movement of a molecule is described by the correlated random walk model where the mean square displacement of a molecule depends on the power law of time. In molecular communication (MC), there are many scenarios when the propagation of molecules cannot be described by normal diffusion process, where anomalous diffusion is a better fit. In this paper, the effects of anomalous subdiffusion on concentration-encoded molecular communication (CEMC) are investigated...
September 2016: IEEE Transactions on Nanobioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787326/the-economical-furnishing-and-equipment-of-children-s-hospitals-or-wards
#14
(no author information available yet)
: Editor's note: From its first issue in 1900 through to the present day, AJN has unparalleled archives detailing nurses' work and lives over more than a century. These articles not only chronicle nursing's growth as a profession within the context of the events of the day, but they also reveal prevailing societal attitudes about women, health care, and human rights. Today's nursing school curricula rarely include nursing's history, but it's a history worth knowing. To this end, From the AJN Archives highlights articles selected to fit today's topics and times...
November 2016: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659950/the-capacity-of-cognitive-control-estimated-from-a-perceptual-decision-making-task
#15
Tingting Wu, Alexander J Dufford, Melissa-Ann Mackie, Laura J Egan, Jin Fan
Cognitive control refers to the processes that permit selection and prioritization of information processing in different cognitive domains to reach the capacity-limited conscious mind. Although previous studies have suggested that the capacity of cognitive control itself is limited, a direct quantification of this capacity has not been attempted. In this behavioral study, we manipulated the information rate of cognitive control by parametrically varying both the uncertainty of stimul measured as information entropy and the exposure time of the stimuli...
September 23, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27411225/concentration-encoded-subdiffusive-molecular-communication-theory-channel-characteristics-and-optimum-signal-detection
#16
Mohammad Mahfuz, Dimitrios Makrakis, Hussein T Mouftah
Unlike normal diffusion, in anomalous diffusion, the movement of a molecule is described by the correlated random walk model where the mean square displacement of a molecule depends on the power law of time. In molecular communication (MC), there are many scenarios when the propagation of molecules cannot be described by normal diffusion process, where anomalous diffusion is a better fit. In this paper, the effects of anomalous subdiffusion on concentration-encoded molecular communication (CEMC) are investigated...
July 7, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Nanobioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26961371/fast-accurate-and-lightweight-analysis-of-bs-treated-reads-with-erne-2
#17
Nicola Prezza, Francesco Vezzi, Max Käller, Alberto Policriti
BACKGROUND: Bisulfite treatment of DNA followed by sequencing (BS-seq) has become a standard technique in epigenetic studies, providing researchers with tools for generating single-base resolution maps of whole methylomes. Aligning bisulfite-treated reads, however, is a computationally difficult task: bisulfite treatment decreases the (lexical) complexity of low-methylated genomic regions, and C-to-T mismatches may reflect cytosine unmethylation rather than SNPs or sequencing errors. Further challenges arise both during and after the alignment phase: data structures used by the aligner should be fast and should fit into main memory, and the methylation-caller output should be somehow compressed, due to its significant size...
March 2, 2016: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26906391/parametric-temporal-compression-of-infrared-imagery-sequences-containing-a-slow-moving-point-target
#18
Revital Huber-Shalem, Ofer Hadar, Stanley R Rotman, Merav Huber-Lerner
Infrared (IR) imagery sequences are commonly used for detecting moving targets in the presence of evolving cloud clutter or background noise. This research focuses on slow-moving point targets that are less than one pixel in size, such as aircraft at long range from a sensor. Since transmitting IR imagery sequences to a base unit or storing them consumes considerable time and resources, a compression method that maintains the point target detection capabilities is highly desirable. In this work, we introduce a new parametric temporal compression that incorporates Gaussian fit and polynomial fit...
February 10, 2016: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26744280/the-biomechanical-strength-of-a-hardware-free-femoral-press-fit-method-for-acl-bone-tendon-bone-graft-fixation
#19
M P Arnold, L D Burger, D Wirz, B Goepfert, M T Hirschmann
PURPOSE: The purpose was to investigate graft slippage and ultimate load to failure of a femoral press-fit fixation technique for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. METHODS: Nine fresh-frozen knees were used. Standardized harvesting of the B-PT-B graft was performed. The femora were cemented into steel rods, and a tunnel was drilled outside-in into the native ACL footprint and expanded using a manual mill bit. The femoral bone block was fixed press-fit...
April 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26677120/hackathon-as-a-way-to-raise-awareness-and-foster-innovation-for-stroke
#20
Li Min Li, Sharon Johnson
UNLABELLED: The 'Time is Brain" concept has been a major focus in the World Stroke Awareness Campaign. OBJECTIVE: We describe our experience with a Hackathon (junction of hack+marathon), a 24 hour event of innovation- and technology-based project development, focused around detecting stroke. METHOD: The Hackathon was held during a Brazilian Student's union (BRASA) congress involving students from engineering and other technological disciplines...
December 2015: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
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