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Vibrio parahaemolyticus

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324231/occurrence-and-virulence-properties-of-vibrio-and-salinivibrio-isolates-from-tropical-lagoons-of-the-southern-caribbean-sea
#1
Milagro Fernández-Delgado, Paula Suárez, Sandra Giner, Virginia Sanz, Jessy Peña, Damarys Sánchez, M Alexandra García-Amado
The Vibrionaceae are Gram-negative bacteria present in marine and estuarine environments worldwide, including several species known as important pathogens to humans and aquatic organisms. The aim of this research was to investigate the occurrence and virulence properties of Vibrio and Salinivibrio isolated from lagoons at Cuare Wildlife Refuge and Margarita Island in the southern Caribbean Sea. Water, plankton and oyster samples were collected during October 2011 and March 2012 and examined by specific PCR and culture methods...
March 21, 2017: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318117/transcriptional-regulation-of-cpsq-mfpabc-and-mfpabc-by-calr%C3%A2-in-vibrio-parahaemolyticus
#2
He Gao, Lingyu Zhang, George Osei-Adjei, Wenhui Yang, Dongsheng Zhou, Xinxiang Huang, Huiying Yang, Zhe Yin, Yiquan Zhang
The cpsQ-mfpABC locus is transcribed as two operons, i.e., cpsQ-mfpABC and mfpABC, in Vibrio parahaemolyticus, and both of them are all required for biofilm formation. CalR belongs to the LysR-type transcriptional regulator family, and was originally identified as a repressor of the swarming motility and T3SS1 genes expression in V. parahaemolyticus. In the present work, a combination of qRT-PCR, primer extension, LacZ fusion expression, electrophoretic mobility shift assay, and DNase I footprinting assays were employed to elucidate the regulatory mechanisms of cpsQ-mfpABC and mfpABC by CalR...
March 20, 2017: MicrobiologyOpen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315392/dietary-yeast-sterigmatomyces-halophilus-enhances-mucosal-immunity-of-gilthead-seabream-sparus-aurata-l
#3
Martha Reyes-Becerril, Crystal Guluarte, Diana Ceballos-Francisco, Carlos Angulo, M Ángeles Esteban
A yeast was isolated from hypersaline sediments, grown and phylogenetically characterized as Sterigmatomyces halophilus strainN16. The dietary administration of this yeast was studied for its effect on skin mucosal immune and antioxidant status of gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata L.). Fish were fed a commercial diet (control, non-supplemented diet), or the same commercial diet supplemented with 0.55% or 1.1% of yeast for 15 and 30 days. One month after the end of the trial, fish from all treatments were intraperitoneally injected with pathogenic Vibrio parahaemolyticus and further fed with the same diets for one week, after which fish were also sampled...
March 14, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279505/characterization-of-vibrio-parahaemolyticus-isolated-from-oysters-in-korea-resistance-to-various-antibiotics-and-prevalence-of-virulence-genes
#4
Chang-Ho Kang, YuJin Shin, SeokCheol Jang, HongSik Yu, SuKyung Kim, Sera An, Kunbawui Park, Jae-Seong So
Vibrio parahaemolyticus, found frequently in oysters, is the most prevalent gastroenteritis-causing pathogen in Korea and in several other Asian countries. This study monitored changes in the environmental parameters and occurrence of V. parahaemolyticus in oyster aquaculture sites. Of the 44 presumed V. parahaemolyticus isolates obtained, when tested against 16 antibiotics, 90.9, 86.4, and 75.0% of the 44 isolates exhibited resistance to vancomycin, ampicillin, and streptomycin, respectively. PCR analysis for the presence of the toxR gene confirmed 31 of the 44 isolates as being positive V...
March 6, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268179/vibrio-parahaemolyticus-calr-down-regulates-the-thermostable-direct-hemolysin-tdh-gene-transcription-and-thereby-inhibits-hemolytic-activity
#5
Yiquan Zhang, Ying Zhang, He Gao, Lingyu Zhang, Zhe Yin, Xinxiang Huang, Dongsheng Zhou, Huiying Yang, Wenhui Yang, Li Wang
TDH, encoded by tdh gene, is a major virulent determinant of V. parahaemolyticus that controls various biological activities, such as hemolytic activity, cytotoxicity, and enterotoxicity. The hemolytic activity on Wagatsuma agar ascribed to TDH is called Kanagawa phenomenon (KP). All KP positive strains contain tdh1 and tdh2 genes, but tdh2 is predominantly responsible for KP. CalR is a regulatory protein that was originally identified as a repressor of swarming motility and T3SS1 gene expression in V. parahaemolyticus...
March 4, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263880/tc38-a-teleost-tfpi-2-peptide-that-kills-bacteria-via-penetration-of-the-cell-membrane-and-interaction-with-nucleic-acids
#6
Min Zhang, Bin Yue, Ai-Hua Zhang, Guang-Hua Wang, Yong Liu, Shun Zhou, Shun-Feng Cheng, Ning-Qiu Li
Tissue factor pathway inhibitor 2 (TFPI-2) is an analog of TFPI-1 and a potent endogenous inhibitor of tissue factor (TF)-mediated blood coagulation. Recent reports have proven that the C-terminal of TFPI-2 peptides in humans and several other vertebrates possesses antibacterial activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. In our previous study, we reported that the TFPI-2 peptide, TC38 in tongue sole (Cynoglossus semilaevis) was active against Micrococcus luteus. In this study, we further examine the antimicrobial spectrum, mechanism of action, and function of TC38 in tongue sole...
March 2, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236646/an-invertebrate-sting-from-shrimp-activates-an-innate-immune-defense-against-bacterial-infection
#7
Haoyang Li, Sheng Wang, Kai Lǚ, Bin Yin, Bang Xiao, Sedong Li, Jianguo He, Chaozheng Li
It has been proposed that invertebrate stimulators of interferon genes (STINGs) do not take part in the innate immune response to infection. Herein, we identified a new STING homolog from pacific white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei (LvSTING). Some amino acids crucial for recognizing cyclic dinucleotides in mammals are highly conserved in LvSTING. Moreover, LvSTING expression can be robustly induced by challenge with the Gram-negative bacteria Vibrio parahaemolyticus. Silencing of LvSTING contributes to decreased expression of the antimicrobial peptide PEN4 and renders shrimp more susceptible to V...
February 25, 2017: FEBS Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235640/groel-pcr-rflp-an-efficient-tool-to-discriminate-closely-related-pathogenic-vibrio-species
#8
Reshma Silvester, Deborah Alexander, Ally C Antony, Mohamed Hatha
Vibrio sp. are autochthonous to marine and estuarine waters. Several species of Vibrio are pathogens. It is of utmost importance to detect and discriminate the Vibrio sp. that are often involved in food and water borne infections. Since 16S rRNA based identification has limited utility in differentiating the closely related pathogenic species from non pathogenic species, we have evaluated the discriminatory power of groEL PCR-RFLP for identification of closely related Vibrio sp. Accordingly, in the current study, the efficiency of groEL PCR- RFLP for detection and accurate differentiation of known pathogens among Vibrio sp...
February 22, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235638/immune-response-and-antioxidant-status-of-portunus-trituberculatus-inoculated-with-pathogens
#9
Xianyun Ren, Jianjian Lv, Baoquan Gao, Jian Li, Ping Liu
The white spot syndrome virus (WSSV), Vibrio parahaemolyticus and V. alginolyticus are serious epidemic pathogen affecting the cultured Portunus trituberculatus and resulted in severe economic losses to local farmers. The immune and antioxidant systems are believed to be closely involved in host responses to pathogens in aerobic animals, including crustaceans. In order to explore such host-pathogen interactions in the early stage of infection in P. trituberculatus, the mRNA transcript levels of six key immune-related genes (proPO, α2M, crustin, lysozyme, NOS, and NOX) and three key antioxidant-related genes (CuZnSOD, CAT, and GPx) and their corresponding enzymatic activity were investigated in response to challenge with the three pathogens...
February 21, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221954/molecular-detection-of-the-three-major-pathogenic-vibrio-species-from-seafood-products-and-sediments-in-tunisia-using-real-time-pcr
#10
Morsi Gdoura, Hanen Sellami, Hanen Nasfi, Rahma Trabelsi, Sabeur Mansour, Touraya Attia, Siwar Nsaibia, Tatiana Vallaeys, Radhouane Gdoura, Mariam Siala
Vibrio spp. have emerged as a serious threat to human health worldwide. V. parahaemolyticus , V. cholerae , and V. vulnificus pose a considerable public health risk in Tunisia because they cause sporadic and epidemic foodborne infections associated with the consumption of raw or undercooked contaminated seafood. More recently, toxR-positive V. alginolyticus was also reported to be a potential source of contaminated seafood. A total of 247 samples, including 113 fishes ( Labrus viridis , Penaeus kerathurus , Diplodus annularis , Diplodus sparaillon , Scorparna porcus , Sarpa salpa , Dentex dentex , Scorparna scrofa , Sardinella aurita , Trachurus trachurus , Synodus saurus , Pagellus erythrinus , and Metapenaeus monoceros ), 83 clams ( Ruditapes decussatus species), 30 seawater samples, and 21 sediment samples were analyzed using traditional culture methods (ISO/TS 21872-1; International Organization for Standardization 2007) and a conventional PCR method for Vibrio spp...
December 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214599/hctoll3-was-involved-in-anti-vibrio-defense-in-freshwater-pearl-mussel-hyriopsis-cumingii
#11
Hong-Wei Zhang, Ying Huang, Xin Man, Yue Wang, Kai-Min Hui, Shao-Wu Yin, Xiao-Wen Zhang
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play an important role in the activation of innate immune response but their functions in bivalves remain largely unknown. In this study, we identified a TLR from the freshwater pearl mussel Hyriopsis cumingii (HcToll3) and investigated its functions in immunity. The full-length cDNA of HcToll3 is 3852 bp and includes an open reading frame (ORF) of 3228 bp that encodes a polypeptide of 1075 amino acids. The predicted HcToll3 protein shares similar structural characteristics with other known Toll family proteins...
February 16, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211298/kinneretia-thg-sqi4-mediated-biosynthesis-of-silver-nanoparticles-and-its-antimicrobial-efficacy
#12
Hina Singh, Juan Du, Tae-Hoo Yi
Simple, facile, effective approach for the biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles using Kinneretia species and its antimicrobial activity against human pathogens has been demonstrated in this study. Kinneretia THG-SQI4 has been isolated from soil sample collected from Shangqui, China. The synthesized nanoparticles were characterized by ultraviolet-visible spectrophotometry (UV-vis), field emission transmission electron microscopy (FE-TEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), elemental mapping, selected area diffraction pattern, and X-ray diffraction (XRD)...
May 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207310/microbiological-quality-and-prevalence-of-%C3%AE-lactam-antibiotic-resistance-genes-in-oysters-crassostrea-rhizophorae
#13
Maria Aparecida da RessurreiÇão Brandão, Amanda Teixeira Sampaio Lopes, Maria Tereza da Silva Neta, Rhyan Barros Farias de Oliveira, Rachel Passos Rezende, George Rêgo Albuquerque, Verônica Dias Gonçalves, Dália Dos Prazeres Rodrigues, Guisla Boehs, Bianca Mendes Maciel
The microbiological quality of oysters reflects the microbiological quality of their habitats because they are filter feeders. The objective of this study was to assess the bacterial composition of the edible oyster Crassostrea rhizophorae in urban and preserved estuaries. Particularly, we assessed the presence of pathogenic bacteria, investigated antibiotic susceptibility in bacterial isolates, and quantified β-lactam antibiotic resistance genes (blaTEM, blaSHV, and blaKPC) via quantitative PCR of oyster DNA...
March 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205102/a-simple-portable-electrochemical-biosensor-to-screen-shellfish-for-vibrio-parahaemolyticus
#14
Noordiana Nordin, Nor Azah Yusof, Jaafar Abdullah, Son Radu, Roozbeh Hushiarian
An earlier electrochemical mechanism of DNA detection was adapted and specified for the detection of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in real samples. The reader, based on a screen printed carbon electrode, was modified with polylactide-stabilized gold nanoparticles and methylene blue was employed as the redox indicator. Detection was assessed using a microprocessor to measure current response under controlled potential. The fabricated sensor was able to specifically distinguish complementary, non-complementary and mismatched oligonucleotides...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169338/shrimp-ahpnd-causing-plasmids-encoding-the-pirab-toxins-as-mediated-by-pirab-tn903-are-prevalent-in-various-vibrio-species
#15
Jinzhou Xiao, Liyuan Liu, Yiyun Ke, Xiefei Li, Yunfei Liu, Yingjie Pan, Shuling Yan, Yongjie Wang
Acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND) is a newly emerging shrimp disease caused by pirAB toxins encoded by a plasmid found in Vibrio parahaemolyticus. The pirAB toxins are the homologs of the Photorhabdus insect-related (Pir) toxins. Here, we report the complete sequences of the AHPND-causing plasmid isolated from V. owensii, as well as those of its 11 siblings (pVH family). In addition, we also included 13 related plasmids (pVH-r family) without the pirAB genes isolated from a variety of species within the Vibrio Harveyi clade...
February 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167526/vibrio-phage-kvp40-encodes-a-functional-nad-salvage-pathway
#16
Jae Yun Lee, Zhiqun Li, Eric S Miller
The genome of T4-type Vibrio bacteriophage KVP40 has five genes predicted to encode proteins of pyridine nucleotide metabolism, of which two, nadV and natV, would suffice for an NAD(+) salvage pathway. NadV is an apparent nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAmPRTase) and NatV is an apparent bifunctional nicotinamide mononucleotide adenylyltransferase (NMNATase) and nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide pyrophosphatase (Nudix hydrolase). Genes encoding the predicted salvage pathway were cloned, expressed in E...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Bacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166465/isolation-and-characterization-of-large-marine-bacteriophage-myoviridae-vhkm4-infecting-vibrio-harveyi
#17
Tamrin M Lal, Motohiko Sano, Julian Ransangan
The causative agent responsible for vibriosis in tropical fish aquaculture, Vibrio harveyi, has become a major bacterial pathogen. Studies suggest that this bacterium has developed resistance to antibiotics commonly used in aquaculture. In view of this situation and the requirement for the proposed postantibiotic era, bacteriophage therapy seems to be a promising control strategy for fish vibriosis. In this study, a lytic Vibrio phage VhKM4 belonging to a member of large, marine Myoviridae was successfully isolated...
March 2017: Journal of Aquatic Animal Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144705/ecological-fitness-and-virulence-features-of-vibrio-parahaemolyticus-in-estuarine-environments
#18
REVIEW
Charles R Lovell
Vibrio parahaemolyticus is a commonly encountered and highly successful organism in marine ecosystems. It is a fast-growing, extremely versatile copiotroph that is active over a very broad range of conditions. It frequently occurs suspended in the water column (often attached to particles or zooplankton), and is a proficient colonist of submerged surfaces. This organism is an important pathogen of animals ranging from microcrustaceans to humans and is a causative agent of seafood-associated food poisoning. This review examines specific ecological adaptations of V...
March 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135311/transcriptome-analysis-reveals-comprehensive-insights-into-the-early-immune-response-of-large-yellow-croaker-larimichthys-crocea-induced-by-trivalent-bacterial-vaccine
#19
Xin Zhang, Yinnan Mu, Pengfei Mu, Jingqun Ao, Xinhua Chen
Vaccination is an effective and safe strategy for combating bacterial diseases in fish, but the mechanisms underlying the early immune response after vaccination remain to be elucidated. In the present study, we used RNA-seq technology to perform transcriptome analysis of spleens from large yellow croaker (Larimichthys crocea) induced by inactivated trivalent bacterial vaccine (Vibrio parahaemolyticus, Vibrio alginolyticus and Aeromonas hydrophila). A total of 2,789 or 1,511 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were obtained at 24 or 72 h after vaccination, including 1,132 or 842 remarkably up-regulated genes and 1,657 or 669 remarkably down-regulated genes, respectively...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129570/genetic-and-serological-identification-of-three-vibrio-parahaemolyticus-strains-as-candidates-for-novel-provisional-o-serotypes
#20
Xi Guo, Bin Liu, Min Chen, Yuanyuan Wang, Lu Wang, Hongyou Chen, Yao Wang, Lihong Tu, Xi Zhang, Lu Feng
Vibrio parahaemolyticus is a Gram-negative, halophilic Vibrio that naturally inhabits marine and estuarine environments worldwide and has recently been recognized as one of the most important foodborne pathogens. To date, 13 O serotypes and 71 K serotypes of V. parahaemolyticus have been identified. However, untypeable V. parahaemolyticus strains are frequently found during routine detection, indicating that other forms of serotypes exist and suggesting the necessity for extension of the antigenic scheme. In this work, through the genetic analysis of the O serotype genetic determinants (OGDs) and the production of antisera and serological tests, we identified three novel O serotypes of V...
March 20, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
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