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Vibrio parahaemolyticus

Tongtong Kong, Yi Gong, Yan Liu, Xiaobo Wen, Ngoc Tuan Tran, Jude Juventus Aweya, Yueling Zhang, Hongyu Ma, Huaiping Zheng, Shengkang Li
Phagocytosis and apoptosis are key cellular innate immune responses against bacteria and virus in invertebrates. Class B scavenger receptors (SRBs), which contain a CD36 domain, are critical pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) of phagocytosis for bacteria and apoptotic cells. In the present study, we identified a member of SRB subfamily in mud crab Scylla paramamosain, named Sp-SRB. The full-length cDNA of Sp-SRB is 2593 bp with a 1629 bp open reading frame (ORF) encoding a putative protein of 542 amino acids, and predicted to contain a CD36 domain with two transmembrane regions at the C- and N-terminals...
April 18, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Kelsey J Jesser, Rachel T Noble
Of marine eubacteria, the genus Vibrio is intriguing because member species are relevant to both marine ecology and human health. Many have touted the relationships of Vibrio to environmental factors, especially temperature and salinity, to predict total Vibrio abundance, but these studies lacked the taxonomic resolution to identify relationships among species and key drivers of Vibrio dynamics. In order to improve NGS surveys of Vibrio, we have conducted both 16S small subunit ribosomal RNA (rRNA) and heat shock protein 60 ( hsp60 ) amplicon sequencing of water samples collected at two well-studied locations in the Neuse River Estuary, NC...
April 20, 2018: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Jaime Martinez-Urtaza, Joaquin Trinanes, Michel Abanto, Antonio Lozano-Leon, Jose Llovo-Taboada, Marta Garcia-Campello, Anxela Pousa, Andy Powell, Craig Baker-Austin, Narjol Gonzalez-Escalona
Galicia in northwestern Spain has been considered a hotspot for Vibrio parahaemolyticus infections. Infections abruptly emerged in 1998 and, over the next 15 years, were associated with large outbreaks caused by strains belonging to a single clone. We report a recent transition in the epidemiologic pattern in which cases throughout the region have been linked to different and unrelated strains. Global genome-wide phylogenetic analysis revealed that most of the pathogenic strains isolated from infections were associated with globally diverse isolates, indicating frequent episodic introductions from disparate and remote sources...
May 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Joongjae Lee, Inyong Kim, Seoungsoon Yeo, Duwoon Kim, Misook Kim
Lysozyme is well known as a natural antimicrobial agent, but its function is limited in that it only combats Gram-positive bacteria. We investigated the inhibitory effects of dextran-conjugated lysozymes (DLs) against some strains of Gram-negative bacteria and viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus (VHSV). The Maillard reactions of the DL were performed at various pHs (3.0, 7.0, and 8.5) in the presence of saturated KBr solution for 1, 3, 5, 7, and 9 days. The growth inhibition effects against Gram-negative bacterial strains, such as Escherichia coli , Vibrio parahaemolyticus , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Shigella sonnei , and Shigella flexneri were found only in some DLs...
March 2018: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
Liang Qiu, Meng-Meng Chen, Xiao-Yuan Wan, Qing-Li Zhang, Chen Li, Xuan Dong, Bing Yang, Jie Huang
Shrimp hemocyte iridescent virus (SHIV) is a recently reported shrimp virus, which threats the cultured white-leg shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei and can cause huge economic loss in shrimp farming industry in China. A quantitative real time polymerase chain reactio (qPCR) assay was developed using a TaqMan probe to detect and quantify SHIV. A pair of qPCR primers, which amplify a 188 bp DNA fragment, and a TaqMan probe were selected from ATPase gene (ORF114R) of the SHIV genome. The primers and TaqMan probe used in this assay were shown to be specific for SHIV and did not react with White spot syndrome virus (WSSV), Infectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHHNV), Hepatopancreatic parvovirus (HPV), Vibrio parahaemolyticus causing acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (VPAHPND ), and Enterocytozoon hepatopenaei (EHP), or healthy shrimp DNA...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
Narayan Paudyal, Hang Pan, Xiayi Liao, Xian Zhang, Xiaoliang Li, Weihuan Fang, Min Yue
Prevalence of pathogenic bacteria in food commodities in China have been reported in numerous publications over time. However, the results are scattered and varied. To calculate a robust point estimate with a higher statistical power, we applied meta-analytic approach for investigating the prevalence of common foodborne pathogens in major food items in China. Data, on prevalence of bacteria in various food commodities were extracted and analyzed from 361 (132 English and 229 Chinese) publications. Prevalence of eight most frequently reported pathogens on six broad food categories was used for pooled and subgroup meta-analysis by DerSimonian-Laird method in random-effects model...
April 2018: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
Eduardo Quiroz-Guzmán, Ricardo Vázquez-Juárez, Antonio Luna-González, José L Balcázar, Diana R Barajas-Sandoval, Sergio F Martínez-Díaz
In this study, we evaluated a consortium of probiotic bacteria as an environmentally-friendly strategy for controlling pathogenic Vibrio species during the brine shrimp incubation period. Probiotic strains were initially selected on basis of (i) their ability to colonize the cyst surfaces, (ii) their absence of cross-inhibitory effects, and (iii) no detrimental effect on cyst hatching. The cysts and nauplius surfaces were immediately colonized after the application of selected probiotic strains, without detrimental effects on survival...
April 11, 2018: Marine Biotechnology
Gao Xiaolong, Zhang Mo, Li Xian, Han Yin, Wu Fucun, Liu Ying
To study the effects of probiotic-added food on the survival and growth of abalone (Haliotis discus hannai Ino), the expression levels of nonspecific immune genes and the anti-Vibrio parahaemolyticus infection were examined. During an 8-week culturing experiment in an indoor aquarium and a 2-week V. parahaemolyticus artificial infection experiment, the control group was fed with untreated food once a day, while the experimental groups (L1, L2 and L3) were fed with Lactobacillus pentosus added food. The concentration of probiotics in the experimental food was 103  cfu/g (L1), 105  cfu/g (L2) and 107  cfu/g (L3), respectively...
April 4, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Tze Hann Ng, Chia-Wei Lu, Shih-Shun Lin, Che-Chih Chang, Loc H Tran, Wen-Chi Chang, Chu-Fang Lo, Han-Ching Wang
An emerging bacterial disease, acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND), is caused by strains of Vibrio parahaemolyticus with an additional AHPND-associated plasmid pVA1 encoding a virulent toxin (Pirvp ) that damages the shrimp's hepatopancreas. Like other species of Vibrio, these virulent strains initially colonize the shrimp's stomach, but it is not yet understood how the bacteria or toxins are subsequently able to cross the epithelial barrier and reach the hepatopancreas. Here, by using transcriptomics and system biology methods, we investigate AHPND-induced changes in the stomach of AHPND-causing V...
April 6, 2018: Cellular Microbiology
Jason P LaPorte, Edward J Spinard, Marta Gomez-Chiarri, David C Rowley, John J Mekalanos, David R Nelson
Bowmanella denitrificans strain JL63 was isolated from a whiteleg shrimp ( Litopenaeus vannamei ) and was determined to have antibacterial activity against an acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND) strain of Vibrio parahaemolyticus Here, we report the draft genome sequence of this strain and identify genes that are potentially involved in its antibacterial activity.
April 5, 2018: Genome Announcements
Hui Zhang, Zhenquan Yang, Yan Zhou, Hongduo Bao, Ran Wang, Tingwu Li, Maoda Pang, Lichang Sun, Xiaohui Zhou
Vibrio parahaemolyticus is a major pathogen that is mainly associated with seafood and is a global concern of food safety. With high prevalence of contamination in food, efficient strategy is needed to decontaminate those contaminated foods and control the emergence of vibriosis. In the present study, a V. parahaemolyticus-specific phage vB_VpaS_OMN (designated as phage OMN) was isolated from oyster. Phage OMN had good pH (5-9) and temperature tolerance (<50 °C). Phage OMN exhibited broad host range against isolates of V...
March 28, 2018: International Journal of Food Microbiology
Xin Huang, Keke Han, Tingting Li, Wen Wang, Qian Ren
L-type lectins (LTLs) play important roles in the secretory pathway of animals, including selective protein trafficking, sorting, and targeting. They have a leguminous lectin domain and can bind to high-mannose-type oligosaccharides. In this study, a novel LTL, designated as MrVIP36, was identified from Macrobrachium rosenbergii. The full-length cDNA of MrVIP36 was 1687 bp with a 972 bp open reading frame encoding a putative protein of 323 deduced amino acids. The deduced MrVIP36 protein contained an LTL-like domain (LTLD) and a transmembrane domain...
April 2, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Sittichai Boonrawd, Premruethai Supungul, Anchalee Tassanakajon, Vichien Rimphanitchayakit
A two-domain Kazal-type serine proteinase inhibitor, SPIPm5, from Penaeus monodon was studied. Its transcript was expressed in all tissues tested including the hemocytes, stomach, gill, lymphoid organ, muscle, intestine and heart albeit less in hepatopancreas and eyestalk. The expression of SPIPm5 gene was also up-regulated by heat stress, white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection and yellow head virus (YHV) infection. Injection of recombinant rSPIPm5 protein into normal shrimp to mimic heat stress condition did not have or had little stimulating effect on the expression of other immune genes: crustinPm1, penaeidin3, penaeidin5, Hsp70, SPIPm2 and SPIPm5...
March 27, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Mengnan Chen, Jianshe Zhang, Xiaoze Xie, Changwen Wu
Thioredoxin(Trx)with a redox-active disulfide/dithiol in the active site, is an ubiquitous disulfide reductase majorly responsible for maintaining the balance of reactive oxygen species. In this study, the complete thioredoxin-like protein 1 (designated as LcTrx) was cloned from large yellow croaker Larimichthys crocea through rapid amplification of cDNA ends. The full-length cDNA of LcTrx was 1295 bp in length containing a 131 bp 5' untranslated region (UTR) ,a 3'UTR of 294bp with a poly (A) tail, and an 870 bp open reading frame (ORF) encoding a polypeptide of 289 amino acids...
March 27, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Gauravkumar M Tandel, Hidehiro Kondo, Ikuo Hirono
Crustins are diverse group of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) which have numerous isoforms mainly identified from hemocytes in decapods crustacean. However, little is known about its presence solely in gills tissue. In this study, we found two new crustin isoforms MjCRS8 and MjCRS9 by using transcriptome analysis from gills. Open reading frame of MjCRS8 and MjCRS9 were 593 bp and 459 bp encoding 197aa and 152aa, respectively. Tissue distribution analysis indicated that both MjCRS8 and MjCRS9 are expressed only in gills tissue...
March 26, 2018: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Maria L Rodgers, Catherine A Toline, Charles D Rice
Serum from Kemp's ridley sea turtles Lepidochelys kempii and loggerhead sea turtles Caretta caretta was collected during summer in 2011, 2012, and 2013. Serum immunoglobulin Y (IgY) recognition of lysate proteins from nine bacterial species and whole bacterium-specific IgY titers to these pathogens were quantified. Serum and purified IgY recognized proteins of all bacteria, with protein recognition for some species being more pronounced than others. Circulating IgY titers against Vibrio vulnificus, V. anguillarum, Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae, and Brevundimonas vesicularis changed over the years in Kemp's ridley sea turtles, while IgY titers against V...
March 2018: Journal of Aquatic Animal Health
Cong Kong, Yuan Wang, Essy Kouadio Fodjo, Guang-Xin Yang, Feng Han, Xiao-Sheng Shen
The published version of this article, unfortunately, contained error. Modifications have been made to the Abstract, Introduction, Results and discussion, and Acknowledgements section. The original article has been corrected.
December 28, 2017: Mikrochimica Acta
Cong Kong, Yuan Wang, Essy Kouadio Fodjo, Guang-Xin Yang, Feng Han, Xiao-Sheng Shen
Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) eradicates the need of thermocycler in DNA amplification. Signals are usually obtained via fluorometry or turbidimetry, but such methods need improvement in order to become more effortless and reliable. The authors describe a set of six specific primers targeting the species-specific tlh gene of Vibrio parahaemolyticus which were used in accelerated LAMP reaction. Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) were functionalized with streptavidin (Avidin-AuNPs), and engineered to signal the LAMP reaction...
December 7, 2017: Mikrochimica Acta
Andrew K Leight, Byron C Crump, Raleigh R Hood
Routine monitoring of shellfish growing waters for bacteria indicative of human sewage pollution reveals little about the bacterial communities that co-occur with these indicators. This study investigated the bacterial community, potential pathogens, and fecal indicator bacteria in 40 water samples from a shellfish growing area in the Chesapeake Bay, USA. Bacterial community composition was quantified with deep sequencing of 16S rRNA gene amplicons, and absolute gene abundances were estimated with an internal standard ( Thermus thermophilus genomes)...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Heba A Ahmed, Rasha M El Bayomi, Mohamed A Hussein, Mariam H E Khedr, Etab M Abo Remela, Ahmed M M El-Ashram
Human infection with pathogenic vibrios is associated with contaminated seafood consumption. In the present study, we examined 225 crustaceans collected from retail markets in Egypt. Stool samples from gastroenteritis patients were also examined. Bacteriological and molecular examinations revealed 34 (15.1%) V. parahaemolyticus and 2 (0.9%) V. cholerae from crustaceans, while V. parahaemolyticus isolates were identified in 3 (3%) of the human samples. The virulence-associated genes tdh and/or trh were detected in 5...
March 21, 2018: International Journal of Food Microbiology
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