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Syndrome surveillance

T S Ravikumar, R Kanagarethinam, Divya Nair, Sitanshu S Kar
Background: Prevalence of cardiovascular diseases are reported to be high in police force, which constitute a special occupational group. "Partners in Prevention" was a special surveillance activity carried out among the personnel of the Department of Police, Government of Puducherry by JIPMER, Puducherry. The present study reports the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and other cardiovascular risk factors in this group. Materials and Methods: The design was cross-sectional analytical study covering 1618 policemen during 2013-15...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
C Talero-Gutiérrez, A Rivera-Molina, C Pérez-Pavajeau, I Ossa-Ospina, C Santos-García, M C Rojas-Anaya, A de-la-Torre
Zika virus (ZIKV) infection is an emergent worldwide public health problem. Historically, 84 countries have reported vector-borne ZIKV transmission, 61 of which report on-going transmission. It is a Flavivirus transmitted through arthropods belonging to the Aedes genus. Since 2015, ZIKV infections have increased dramatically; with 1.3 million people infected during 2015 in Brazil alone. This paper's objective is to highlight the conjectural epidemiological points of the virus' dissemination. The digital archives Pubmed, MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane were searched for papers that assessed aspects of ZIKV transmission and epidemiology...
March 14, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
Caroline Bachmeier, Chirag Patel, Peter Kanowski, Kunwarjit Sangla
Primary hyperparathyroidism (PH) is a common endocrine abnormality and may occur as part of a genetic syndrome. Inactivating mutations of the tumour suppressor gene CDC73 have been identified as accounting for a large percentage of hyperparathyroidism-jaw tumour syndrome (HPT-JT) cases and to a lesser degree account for familial isolated hyperparathyroidism (FIHP) cases. Reports of CDC73 whole gene deletions are exceedingly rare. We report the case of a 39 year-old woman with PH secondary to a parathyroid adenoma associated with a large chromosomal deletion (2...
2018: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
Morgan Anyla, Jérémie H Lefevre, Ben Creavin, Chrystelle Colas, Magali Svrcek, Olivier Lascols, Clotilde Debove, Najim Chafai, Emmanuel Tiret, Yann Parc
PURPOSE: Regular follow-up for patients with Lynch syndrome (LS) is vital due to the increased risk of colorectal (50-80%), endometrial (40-60%), and other cancers. However, there is an ongoing debate concerning the best interval between colonoscopies. Currently, no specific endoscopic follow-up has been decided for LS patients who already have an index colorectal cancer (CRC). The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk of metachronous cancers (MC) after primary CRC in a LS population and to determinate if endoscopic surveillance should be more intensive...
March 12, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Katherine J Harmon, Marilyn Goss Haskell, Courtney H Mann, Anna E Waller
INTRODUCTION: North Carolina (NC) is home to more than 30 species of indigenous venomous and nonvenomous snakes. Snakebites can cause debilitating and potentially fatal injuries. However, there is a lack of current information available describing the incidence of snakebites in NC. Therefore, we performed this study of snakebites treated in NC emergency departments (EDs) using the statewide syndromic surveillance system, the North Carolina Disease Event Tracking and Epidemiologic Collection Tool (NC DETECT)...
March 9, 2018: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
Mitchell A Rees, Nikhil B Amesur, Ruy J Cruz, Amir A Borhani, Kareem M Abu-Elmagd, Guilherme Costa, Anil K Dasyam
Intestinal transplantation has evolved from its experimental origins in the mid-20th century to its status today as an established treatment option for patients with end-stage intestinal failure who cannot be sustained with total parenteral nutrition. The most common source of intestinal failure in both adults and children is short-bowel syndrome, but a host of other disease processes can lead to this common end-point. The development of intestinal transplantation has presented multiple hurdles for the transplant community, including technical challenges, immunologic pitfalls, and infectious complications...
March 2018: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Kyle K Jensen, Karen Y Oh, Anne M Kennedy, Roya Sohaey
Intrauterine linear echogenicity (ILE) is a common ultrasonographic finding in the gravid uterus and has variable causes and variable maternal and fetal outcomes. Correctly categorizing ILE during pregnancy is crucial for guiding surveillance and advanced imaging strategies. Common causes of ILE include membranes in multiple gestations, uterine synechiae with amniotic sheets, and uterine duplication anomalies. Less common causes include circumvallate placenta, chorioamniotic separation, and hemorrhage between membranes...
March 2018: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Kelly J Butnor, Elizabeth N Pavlisko, Thomas A Sporn, Victor L Roggli
CONTEXT: - Malignant mesothelioma (MM) is a component of the BAP1 tumor predisposition syndrome. Other than in BAP1 familial studies, nonmesothelial neoplasms in individuals with MM has not been comprehensively assessed. OBJECTIVE: - To assess the spectrum and prevalence of nonmesothelial neoplasms in individuals with MM. DESIGN: - Individuals with MM and second neoplasms were identified from a database of 3900 MM cases. The expected prevalence of each type of neoplasm was calculated and compared with the actual prevalence in the study population using available Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results data and other published data...
March 12, 2018: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
Charles S Briggs, Joshua A Sibille, Halim Yammine, Jocelyn K Ballast, William Anderson, Tzvi Nussbaum, Timothy S Roush, Frank R Arko
OBJECTIVE: Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) has been shown to reduce mortality in the emergent repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). However, long-term survival data for this group of patients are lacking with contemporary endovascular endografts. The purpose of this study was to evaluate both 30-day mortality rates and 1-year survival in patients undergoing emergent EVAR in a 43-facility hospital system with a quaternary referral center with an established ruptured aneurysm protocol...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Rita Vale Rodrigues, Isabel Claro, Pedro Lage, Isadora Rosa, Sara Ferreira, João Pereira da Silva, António Dias Pereira
PURPOSE: Lynch syndrome (LS) is associated with a high risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). The aim of this study was to assess the cumulative risk for the development of colorectal adenomas or carcinomas in a LS CRC surveillance program and to audit the quality of the endoscopic procedures. METHODS: We evaluated 147 asymptomatic LS mutation carriers, without previous CRC, in a surveillance program with colonoscopy every 12-18 months, between 2005 and 2016. Data was obtained by retrospective review of colonoscopy reports and hospital clinical files...
March 9, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Marta Ivars, Ana Martin-Santiago, Eulalia Baselga, Laurent Guibaud, Juan Carlos López-Gutiérrez
Blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome (BRBNS) is a rare congenital vascular disease associated with important morbidity and non-insignificant risk of mortality in cases of severe gastrointestinal or neurological involvement. Early diagnosis in the neonatal period can be difficult as very often skin lesions appear progressively during childhood having no correlation with gastrointestinal lesion development. The appearance of one large venous malformation (VM) in the neonatal period has suggested a characteristic finding of this syndrome...
March 8, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
S Elkholy, S Mogawer, A Farag
Nodular lymphoid hyperplasia (NLH) is a rare benign condition that is characterized by diffuse hyperplasia of the lymphoid follicles of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT). During endoscopy, NLH appears as multiple or occasionally innumerable nodules measuring a few millimeters in diameter. NLH occurs mainly in the small intestine, less commonly in the large intestine and rarely involves the stomach. There are multiple associated diseases such as immunoglobulin deficiency syndromes, giardiasis, Helicobacter pylori (H...
July 2017: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
Santhosh A Upadhyaya, Rose B McGee, Breelyn A Wilky, Alberto Broniscer
Malignant progression of a benign or low-grade tumor in individuals with germline alteration of SMARCB1 gene is not well characterized. In a family in which two carrier children had germline SMARCB1 mutations and atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumor, we report malignant progression of a nerve sheath tumor over a 7-year period in an affected adult family member. Prompt identification of the germline SMARCB1 alteration and the resultant rhabdoid tumor predisposition syndrome can help guide genetic counseling and surveillance in affected family members...
March 7, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Hye Sung Won, Eun Deok Chang, Sae Jung Na, In Yong Whang, Dong Soo Lee, Sun Hyong You, Yong Seok Kim, Jeong Soo Kim
PTEN hamartoma tumor syndrome is a spectrum of disorders characterized by unique phenotypic features including multiple hamartomas caused by mutations of the tumor suppressor gene PTEN. Cowden syndrome and Bannayan-Riley-Ruvalcaba syndrome are representative diseases, and both have several common clinical features and differences. Because PTEN mutations are associated with an increased risk of malignancy including breast, thyroid, endometrial, and renal cancers, cancer surveillance is an important element of disease management...
February 27, 2018: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
Yinghao Xin, Dang Wang, Meijin Huang, Jinjin Yu, Liurong Fang, Shaobo Xiao
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV), an acute infectious disease agent in swine, causes enormous economic losses to the global swine industry. PRRSV nonstructural protein 1β (nsp1β) plays a critical role in viral subgenomic mRNA synthesis and host immune regulation. However, the global changes of cellular gene expression in natural target cells regulated by the nsp1β have not yet been identified. Here, isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ) labeling coupled with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry were used to quantitatively identify cellular proteins in porcine alveolar macrophage (PAM) 3D4/21 cells transduced with recombinant lentivirus expressing PRRSV nsp1β that are differentially expressed compared with PAM 3D4/21 cells transduced with recombinant lentivirus expressing GFP...
March 5, 2018: Virus Genes
Stephen Keddie, Ashok Adams, Andrew R C Kelso, Benjamin Turner, Klaus Schmierer, Sharmilee Gnanapavan, Andrea Malaspina, Gavin Giovannoni, Ian Basnett, Alastair J Noyce
BACKGROUND: Whilst the dangers of 'legal highs' have been widely publicised in the media, very few cases of the neurological syndrome associated with the inhalation of nitrous oxide (N2 O) have been reported. Here we set out to raise awareness of subacute degeneration of the spinal cord arising from recreational N2 O use so that formal surveillance programs and public health interventions can be designed. METHODS: Case series documenting the clinical and investigational features of ten consecutive cases of subacute degeneration of the spinal cord presenting to a hospital with a tertiary neurosciences service in East London...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Neurology
Jens Christian König, Andrea Titieni, Martin Konrad
Hereditary cystic kidney diseases comprise a complex group of genetic disorders representing one of the most common causes of end-stage renal failure in childhood. The main representatives are autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease, nephronophthisis, Bardet-Biedl syndrome, and hepatocyte nuclear factor-1beta nephropathy. Within the last years, genetic efforts have brought tremendous progress for the molecular understanding of hereditary cystic kidney diseases identifying more than 70 genes. Yet, genetic heterogeneity, phenotypic variability, a lack of reliable genotype-phenotype correlations and the absence of disease-specific biomarkers remain major challenges for physicians treating children with cystic kidney diseases...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Patricia Escandón, Jairo Lizarazo, Clara Inés Agudelo, Elizabeth Castañeda
The passive and voluntary surveillance of cryptococcosis in Colombia since 1997 has seen an increasing participating rate, revealing its importance to both in immunosuppressed and immunocompetent people. The present work details the national data gathered in 1997-2016, through a retrospective analysis of the information collected in the survey. From a total of 1974 cases reported, an overall incidence of 0.23 cases per 100,000 people was found. This incidence rose to 1.1 cases per 1000 people in the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) population...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
Aodhnait S Fahy, Christopher R Moir
Colorectal adenomatous polyposis syndromes encompass a diverse group of disorders with varying modes of inheritance and penetrance. Children may present with overt disease or within screening programs for families at high risk. We provide an overview of the array of pediatric polyposis syndromes, current screening recommendations, and surgical indications and technical considerations. Optimal disease management for these pediatric patients is still evolving and has implications for screening, surveillance, pediatric surgical management, and transition of care gastroenterologic neoplasia physicians and surgeons...
March 2018: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
Mangalathu S Rajeevan, Janna Murray, Lisa Oakley, Jin-Mann S Lin, Elizabeth R Unger
BACKGROUND: Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), also known as myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME), is a severely debilitating condition of unknown etiology. The symptoms and risk factors of ME/CFS share features of accelerated aging implicated in several diseases. Using telomere length as a marker, this study was performed to test the hypothesis that ME/CFS is associated with accelerated aging. METHODS: Participant (n = 639) data came from the follow-up time point of the Georgia CFS surveillance study...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
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