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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533034/psychiatric-disorders-and-function-in-adolescents-with-tetralogy-of-fallot
#1
Jennifer E Holland, Adam R Cassidy, Christian Stopp, Matthew T White, David C Bellinger, Michael J Rivkin, Jane W Newburger, David R DeMaso
OBJECTIVES: To assess psychiatric disorders and function in adolescents with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) without and with a genetic diagnosis and to evaluate associations of functioning with medical factors, IQ, and demographics. STUDY DESIGN: Adolescents with TOF (n = 91) and 87 healthy referents completed a clinician-rated structured psychiatric interview, parent-/self-report measures of psychopathology, and brain magnetic resonance imaging. Twenty-three of the adolescents with TOF had a known genetic diagnosis...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530334/-from-theory-to-practice-implementing-the-bio-psycho-social-model-in-clinical-and-research-activities-in-the-beer-sheva-mental-health-center
#2
Hagit Cohen, Doron Todder
The Beer Sheva Mental Health Center is the second largest mental health hospital in Israel and provides acute and chronic in-patient services for the entire population of the Southern District of Israel, from Ashdod to Eilat (about 1.2 million people) from adolescence to the elderly. The outpatient services include a variety of regional specialty services such as bipolar, eating disorders, anxiety, neuromodulation, gender-oriented, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, sleep, dual diagnosis, geronto-psychiatry and post-traumatic stress disorder clinics and various rehabilitation day-care services...
December 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527021/comorbidity-prevalence-and-treatment-outcome-in-children-and-adolescents-with-adhd
#3
Laura Reale, Beatrice Bartoli, Massimo Cartabia, Michele Zanetti, Maria Antonella Costantino, Maria Paola Canevini, Cristiano Termine, Maurizio Bonati
Although ADHD comorbidity has been widely studied, some issues remain unsolved. This multicenter observational study aims to examine comorbid psychiatric disorders in a clinical sample of newly diagnosed, treatment naïve children and adolescents with and without ADHD and, to compare treatment efficacy based on the type of comorbidity. We performed an analysis of the medical records of patients identified from the Regional ADHD Registry database, enrolled in 18 ADHD centers in the 2011-2016 period. 1919 of 2861 subjects evaluated (67%) met the diagnostic criteria for ADHD: 650 (34%) had only ADHD, while 1269 (66%) had at least one comorbid psychiatric disorder (learning disorders, 56%; sleep disorders, 23%; oppositional defiant disorder, 20%; anxiety disorders, 12%)...
May 19, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527018/predicting-academic-impairment-and-internalizing-psychopathology-using-a-multidimensional-framework-of-sluggish-cognitive-tempo-with-parent-and-adolescent-reports
#4
Zoe R Smith, Joshua M Langberg
Adolescents with Sluggish Cognitive Tempo (SCT) exhibit symptoms of slowness, mental confusion, excessive daydreaming, low motivation, and drowsiness/sleepiness. Although many symptoms of SCT reflect internalizing states, no study has evaluated the clinical utility of self-report of SCT in an attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) sample. Furthermore, it remains unclear whether SCT is best conceptualized as a unidimensional or multidimensional construct. In a sample of 262 adolescents comprehensively diagnosed with ADHD, the present study used adolescent- and parent reports of SCT to evaluate the predictive utility of a general SCT factor from a bifactor modeling approach compared the utility of three specific SCT factors (slow, sleepy, and daydreamer) for predicting academic impairment and internalizing psychopathology...
May 19, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521251/the-protective-effect-of-character-maturity-in-child-aggressive-antisocial-behavior
#5
Nóra Kerekes, Örjan Falk, Sven Brändström, Henrik Anckarsäter, Maria Råstam, Björn Hofvander
BACKGROUND: Childhood aggressive antisocial behavior (CD) is one of the strongest predictors of mental health problems and criminal behavior in adulthood. The aims of this study were to describe personality profiles in children with CD, and to determine the strength of association between defined neurodevelopmental symptoms, dimensions of character maturity and CD. METHODS: A sample of 1886 children with a close to equal distribution of age (9 or 12) and gender, enriched for neurodevelopmental and psychiatric problems were selected from the nationwide Child and Adolescent Twin Study in Sweden...
April 29, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513190/prevalence-and-correlates-of-bullying-victimisation-and-perpetration-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-australian-youth
#6
Hannah J Thomas, Jason P Connor, David M Lawrence, Jennifer M Hafekost, Stephen R Zubrick, James G Scott
OBJECTIVE: Bullying prevalence studies are limited by varied measurement methods and a lack of representative samples. This study estimated the national prevalence of bullying victimisation, perpetration and combined victim-perpetration experiences in a representative population-based sample of Australian youth. The relationships between the three types of bullying involvement with a range of mental health symptoms and diagnoses were also examined. METHODS: A randomly selected nationally representative sample aged 11-17 years ( N = 2967, Mage = 14...
May 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509853/predictors-of-caregiver-burden-among-mothers-of-children-with-chronic-conditions
#7
Karina Javalkar, Eniko Rak, Alexandra Phillips, Cara Haberman, Maria Ferris, Miranda Van Tilburg
OBJECTIVE: The complex medical regimens of children and adolescents with chronic conditions can have a significant impact on families and households. Caregivers may experience burden, which can lead to negative health consequences and poor quality of life. The objective of this study was to determine child-related predictors and risk factors for caregiver burden among parents of children with chronic conditions. METHODS: We distributed an institutional review board (IRB)-approved, online cross-sectional survey to parents of children who attended the Victory Junction therapeutic camp...
May 16, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507356/school-going-adolescents-perception-of-family-climate-and-mental-problems-results-from-kocaeli-turkey
#8
Safak Eray, Ayse Pinar Vural, Deniz Sigirli
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between the perception of expressed emotion and psychopathology of school-going adolescents in a non-clinical sample. METHODS: The cross-sectional field study was conducted in Kocaeli, Turkey, and comprised high-school students during the 2014-15 school years. Data was collected using the Information Collection Form, Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire and Shortened Level of Expressed Emotion Scale. SPSS 21 was used for data analysis...
May 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503507/nutritional-status-of-korean-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd
#9
Bo Young Jang, So Young Bu
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been associated with an elevated risk for obesity but this seems to be paradoxical to the fact that many youths with ADHD have symptoms of hyperactivity. People diagnosed with ADHD tend to have a high risk of developing undesirable diet habits and consequently have health related problems. However, less attention has been paid to obesity in ADHD while many efforts have been devoted to the prevention of childhood obesity in mentally normal people. Hence the purpose of this study was to explore the nutritional status and life habits of children and adolescents with ADHD (n = 76) based on degree of obesity by utilizing the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) data from 2005-2013...
April 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490400/association-of-pediatric-allergic-rhinitis-with-the-ratings-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#10
Bohai Feng, Haiyong Jin, Haijie Xiang, Bangliang Li, Xiuxiu Zheng, Ruru Chen, Yunbin Shi, Si Chen, Bobei Chen
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is currently the most prevalent allergic disease in children and adolescents. OBJECTIVE: Surveys conducted by population-based studies of East Asia revealed an increased prevalence of behavioral disorders in patients with AR. Thus, in this study, we explored the prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in pediatric patients with AR. METHODS: A total of 333 children (6-12 years of age) with AR and a total of 322 age-matched controls were included in this study...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488369/transitioning-from-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-services-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-ireland-case-note-review
#11
Mimi Tatlow-Golden, Blanaid Gavin, Niamh McNamara, Swaran Singh, Tamsin Ford, Moli Paul, Walter Cullen, Fiona McNicholas
In a context of international concern about early adult mental health service provision, this study identifies characteristics and service outcomes of young people with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) reaching the child and adolescent mental health service (CAMHS) transition boundary (TB) in Ireland. The iTRACK study invited all 60 CAMHS teams in Ireland to participate; 8 teams retrospectively identified clinical case files for 62 eligible young people reaching the CAMHS TB in all 4 Health Service Executive Regions...
May 10, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474226/the-prevalence-of-internet-addiction-among-a-japanese-adolescent-psychiatric-clinic-sample-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-or-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Ryuhei So, Kazunori Makino, Masaki Fujiwara, Tomoya Hirota, Kozo Ohcho, Shin Ikeda, Shouko Tsubouchi, Masatoshi Inagaki
Extant literature suggests that autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are risk factors for internet addiction (IA). The present cross-sectional study explored the prevalence of IA among 132 adolescents with ASD and/or ADHD in a Japanese psychiatric clinic using Young's Internet Addiction Test. The prevalence of IA among adolescents with ASD alone, with ADHD alone and with comorbid ASD and ADHD were 10.8, 12.5, and 20.0%, respectively. Our results emphasize the clinical importance of screening and intervention for IA when mental health professionals see adolescents with ASD and/or ADHD in psychiatric services...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473750/no-association-between-cortical-gyrification-or-intrinsic-curvature-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-adolescents-and-young-adults
#13
Natalie J Forde, Lisa Ronan, Marcel P Zwiers, Aaron F Alexander-Bloch, Stephen V Faraone, Jaap Oosterlaan, Dirk J Heslenfeld, Catharina A Hartman, Jan K Buitelaar, Pieter J Hoekstra
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies have highlighted subcortical, cortical, and structural connectivity abnormalities associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Gyrification investigations of the cortex have been inconsistent and largely negative, potentially due to a lack of sensitivity of the previously used morphological parameters. The innovative approach of applying intrinsic curvature analysis, which is predictive of gyrification pattern, to the cortical surface applied herein allowed us greater sensitivity to determine whether the structural connectivity abnormalities thus far identified at a centimeter scale also occur at a millimeter scale within the cortical surface...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471611/clinical-profile-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-impact-of-ethnic-and-social-diversities-in-israel
#14
Muhammad Mahajnah, Rajech Sharkia, Nadeem Shorbaji, Nathanel Zelnik
BACKGROUND: Despite the increased worldwide recognition of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), there is a variability in the diagnostic rate of both ADHD and its co-morbidities. These diversities are probably related to the methodology and instruments used for the diagnosis of ADHD and to awareness and cultural interpretation of its existence. OBJECTIVES: To identify consistent differences in the clinical profile of Arab and Jewish children with ADHD in Israel who differ in their cultural, ethnic and socioeconomic background...
June 2016: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466613/seasonality-of-methylphenidate-administration-among-children-in-israel
#15
Herman A Cohen, Bella Savitsky, Arie Ashkenasi, Moshe Hoshen
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity. Recently, increases in ADHD prevalence and methylphenidate use have been reported. There is evidence that children and adolescents use ADHD medication only during the school year. OBJECTIVES: To investigate trends in methylphenidate dispensing over a period of 3 years (2010-2012) at the monthly level and to investigate whether there is any monthly variation, especially during the summer season...
November 2016: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466466/concurrent-and-subsequent-associations-between-daily-digital-technology-use-and-high-risk-adolescents-mental-health-symptoms
#16
Madeleine J George, Michael A Russell, Joy R Piontak, Candice L Odgers
Adolescents are spending an unprecedented amount of time using digital technologies (especially mobile technologies), and there are concerns that adolescents' constant connectivity is associated with poor mental health, particularly among at-risk adolescents. Participants included 151 adolescents at risk for mental health problems (Mage  = 13.1) who completed a baseline assessment, 30-day ecological momentary assessment, and 18 month follow-up assessment. Results from multilevel regression models showed that daily reports of both time spent using digital technologies and the number of text messages sent were associated with increased same-day attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and conduct disorder (CD) symptoms...
May 3, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465719/italian-regional-health-service-costs-for-diagnosis-and-1-year-treatment-of-adhd-in-children-and-adolescents
#17
Gianluigi Casadei, Massimo Cartabia, Laura Reale, Maria Antonella Costantino, Maurizio Bonati
The main aim of this study was to estimate the costs associated with diagnostic assessment and 1-year therapy in children and adolescents enrolled in 18 ADHD reference centres. Data concerning 1887 children and adolescents from the mandatory ADHD registry database during the 2012-2014 period were analysed. The overall diagnostic and treatment costs per patient amounts to €574 and €830, respectively. The ADHD centre, the school as sender, and the time to diagnosis constitute cost drivers. Non-pharmacological therapy resulted as being more expensive for patients concomitantly treated with drugs (€929) compared to those treated with psychological interventions alone (€590; p = 0...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458717/child-and-adolescent-behavior-inventory-cabi-standardization-for-age-6-17-years-and-first-clinical-application
#18
Carlo Cianchetti, Marcello Pasculli, Andrea Pittau, Maria Grazia Campus, Valeria Carta, Roberta Littarru, Giuseppina Sannio Fancello, Alessandro Zuddas, Maria Giuseppina Ledda
BACKGROUND: The Child and Adolescent Behavior Inventory (CABI) is a questionnaire designed to collect information from the parents of children and adolescents, both for the preparation of screening and epidemiological studies and for clinical evaluation. It has been published in CPEMH in 2013, with the first data on 8-10 years old school children. Here we report an extended standardization on a school population 6-17 years old and the first results of the application in a clinical sample...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458048/the-risk-of-injury-in-adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-nationwide-matched-cohort-population-based-study-in-taiwan
#19
Wu-Chien Chien, Chi-Hsiang Chung, Fu-Huang Lin, Chin-Bin Yeh, San-Yuan Huang, Ru-Band Lu, Hsin-An Chang, Yu-Chen Kao, Wei-Shan Chiang, Yu-Ching Chou, Chang-Huei Tsao, Yung-Fu Wu, Nian-Sheng Tzeng
BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated the risk of injuries associated with adults with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), even though several studies have suggested a higher risk of injury in children and adolescents with ADHD. AIMS: To investigate the risk of injury in adults with ADHD. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: We included 665 adults with ADHD from January 1, to December 31, 2000, and 1995 sex-, age- and index day-matched controls without ADHD from the Longitudinal Health Insurance Database (LHID) subset of the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan...
April 27, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455812/treatment-patterns-among-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-with-or-without-psychiatric-or-neurologic-comorbidities-in-sweden-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#20
Vanja Sikirica, Per A Gustafsson, Charles Makin
INTRODUCTION: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common psychiatric disorder in children/adolescents and occurs frequently with psychiatric/neurologic comorbidities. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of psychiatric/neurologic comorbidities on pharmacotherapy patterns among patients with ADHD in Sweden. METHODS: A retrospective cohort analysis was conducted using medical records from a regional database in Sweden. Patients aged 6-17 years, with ≥1 prescription for ADHD medication between July 1, 2007 and June 30, 2009, and continuously active in the database for ≥12 months before and after their prescription index date were selected...
April 28, 2017: Neurology and Therapy
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