keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

adolescent adhd

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331099/adaptation-and-validation-of-the-disruptive-behaviour-disorders-teacher-rating-scale-as-a-screening-tool-for-early-detection-of-disruptive-behaviour-disorders-in-schools-in-a-lower-middle-income-setting
#1
Olawunmi Olagundoye, Alex Igundunasse, Morenike Aluko
Background Despite the need to curb the menace resulting from the negative trajectory of disruptive behaviour disorders (DBD) in societies of the world today, there is yet a dearth of locally standardised tools for the early detection of these disorders in Nigeria. This study was aimed at standardising the DBD teacher rating scale (DBD-TRS) to be culturally specific using teachers' ratings of their students. Objectives To establish norm scores for the three categories of DBD on the DBD-TRS, to evaluate the reliability, validity, predictive power, sensitivity and specificity of DBD-TRS items for identifying DBD symptoms amongst children/adolescents between the ages of 4 and 16 years...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325731/pharmacogenomic-testing-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-an-evidence-based-review
#2
Anna M Wehry, Laura Ramsey, Shane E Dulemba, Sarah A Mossman, Jeffrey R Strawn
Significant advances have been made in the application of pharmacogenomic testing for the treatment of patients with psychiatric disorders. Over the past decade, a number of studies have evaluated the utility of pharmacogenomic testing in pediatric patients with psychiatric disorders. The evidence base for pharmacogenomic testing in youth with depressive and anxiety disorders as well as attention/deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is reviewed in this article. General pharmacogenomic principles are summarized and functional polymorphisms in P450 enzymes (and associated metabolizer phenotypes), the serotonin transporter promoter polymorphisms, serotonin 2 A receptor genes (e...
January 8, 2018: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323926/investigating-effects-of-sex-differences-and-prior-concussions-on-symptom-reporting-and-cognition-among-adolescent-soccer-players
#3
Brian L Brooks, Noah Silverberg, Bruce Maxwell, Rebekah Mannix, Ross Zafonte, Paul D Berkner, Grant L Iverson
BACKGROUND: There has been increasing concern regarding the possible effect of multiple concussions on the developing brain, especially for adolescent females. Hypothesis/Purpose: The objectives were to determine if there are differences in cognitive functioning, symptom reporting, and/or sex effects from prior concussions. In a very large sample of youth soccer players, it was hypothesized that (1) there would be no differences in cognitive test performance between those with and without prior concussions, (2) baseline preseason symptoms would be better predicted by noninjury factors than concussion history, and (3) males and females with prior concussions would not have differences in cognition or symptoms...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315559/substance-use-through-adolescence-into-early-adulthood-after-childhood-diagnosed-adhd-findings-from-the-mta-longitudinal-study
#4
Brooke S G Molina, Andrea L Howard, James M Swanson, Annamarie Stehli, John T Mitchell, Traci M Kennedy, Jeffery N Epstein, L Eugene Arnold, Lily Hechtman, Benedetto Vitiello, Betsy Hoza
BACKGROUND: Inconsistent findings exist regarding long-term substance use (SU) risk for children diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The observational follow-up of the Multimodal Treatment Study of Children with ADHD (MTA) provides an opportunity to assess long-term outcomes in a large, diverse sample. METHODS: Five hundred forty-seven children, mean age 8.5, diagnosed with DSM-IV combined-type ADHD and 258 classmates without ADHD (local normative comparison group; LNCG) completed the Substance Use Questionnaire up to eight times from mean age 10 to mean age 25...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304219/associations-of-adhd-symptoms-with-smoking-and-alternative-tobacco-product-use-initiation-during-adolescence
#5
Nicholas I Goldenson, Rubin Khoddam, Matthew D Stone, Adam M Leventhal
Objective: Recently, use of alternative tobacco products, such as electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) and hookah (water-pipe tobacco), has increased among adolescents. It is unknown whether attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms are associated with initiation of alternative tobacco product use. Methods: Ninth grade high school students who never used any tobacco product at baseline (N = 1,921) participated in a longitudinal survey from 2014 to 2015...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303800/prescribing-trends-of-atypical-antipsychotic-drugs-in-an-outpatient-unit-of-a-child-and-adolescent-clinic-in-turkey
#6
Çiğdem Yektaş, Ali Evren Tufan
OBJECTIVE: Use of antipsychotic agents in the management of various psychopathologies in Child and Adolescent Psychiatric practice is gradually increasing. This study aimed to evaluate the sociodemographic and clinical features of children and adolescents who applied to an outpatient clinic of child and adolescent psychiatry department in Turkey and were prescribed atypical antipsychotics. METHOD: Patients with prescription codes of ATC N05A (except N05AN lithium) were accepted to denote those with atypical antipsychotic treatment...
January 5, 2018: Clinical Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301669/sexually-transmitted-infection-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-nationwide-longitudinal-study
#7
Mu-Hong Chen, Ju-Wei Hsu, Kai-Lin Huang, Ya-Mei Bai, Nai-Ying Ko, Tung-Ping Su, Cheng-Ta Li, Wei-Chen Lin, Shih-Jen Tsai, Tai-Long Pan, Wen-Han Chang, Tzeng-Ji Chen
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have suggested that attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is related to risky sexual behaviors, which have been regarded as a major risk factor of sexually transmitted infection (STI). However, the association between ADHD and subsequent STIs remains unknown. METHOD: Using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, 17,898 adolescents and young adults who were diagnosed with ADHD by psychiatrists and 71,592 age- and sex-matched comparisons without ADHD were enrolled from 2001 through 2009 and followed to the end of 2011...
January 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298540/healthcare-utilization-and-costs-of-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-initiating-atomoxetine-versus-extended-release-guanfacine
#8
Cliff Molife, Virginia S Haynes, Allen Nyhuis, Douglas E Faries, Steve Gelwicks, Douglas K Kelsey, Carlos I Alatorre
OBJECTIVES: To compare 1-year direct healthcare costs and utilization among children and adolescents initiating non-stimulant medications atomoxetine (ATX) or extended-release guanfacine (GXR). METHODS: In this retrospective, observational cohort study, children and adolescents ages 6-17 years with ADHD who had ≥1 prescription claim for ATX or GXR between 12/31/2009-1/1/2011 were identified in the MarketScan Commercial or Multi-State Medicaid claims databases...
January 3, 2018: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296085/epilepsy-in-patients-with-autism-links-risks-and-treatment-challenges
#9
REVIEW
Frank Mc Besag
Autism is more common in people with epilepsy, approximately 20%, and epilepsy is more common in people with autism with reported rates of approximately 20%. However, these figures are likely to be affected by the current broader criteria for autism spectrum disorder (ASD), which have contributed to an increased prevalence of autism, with the result that the rate for ASD in epilepsy is likely to be higher and the figure for epilepsy in ASD is likely to be lower. Some evidence suggests that there are two peaks of epilepsy onset in autism, in infancy and adolescence...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294948/the-role-of-adhd-in-predicting-the-development-of-violent-behavior-among-juvenile-offenders-participation-versus-frequency
#10
Thomas W Wojciechowski
Past research has identified attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as a risk factor for engagement in violent offending. Despite the link between the disorder and violent offending, this risk factor has yet to be examined as a predictor of heterogeneity in the development of violent offending among juvenile offenders. It is likely that the impulsivity, genetic link, and generally chronic disorder course which are characteristics of the disorder play roles in predicting violent offending, which is consistent with both self-control theory and general developmental theory related to early life deficits and life-course persistent offending...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286866/omega-3-fatty-acid-deficiency-impairs-frontostriatal-recruitment-following-repeated-amphetamine-treatment-in-rats-a-7-tesla-in-vivo-phmri-study
#11
Robert K McNamara, Jennifer D Schurdak, Ruth H Asch, Diana M Lindquist
Although attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is associated with deficits in docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), an omega-3 fatty acid implicated in dopamine and glutamate synaptic plasticity, its role in neuroplastic brain changes that occur following repeated amphetamine (AMPH) treatment are not known. This study used pharmacological magnetic resonance imaging to investigate the impact of repeated AMPH exposure and alterations in brain DHA levels on AMPH-induced brain activation patterns. Male rats were fed a diet with no n-3 fatty acids (Deficient, DEF, n = 20), a diet fortified with preformed DHA (fish oil, FO, n = 20), or a control diet fortified with alpha-linolenic acid (n = 20) from P21 to P90...
December 29, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285478/multiple-intelligences-profiles-of-children-with-attention-deficit-and-hyperactivity-disorder-in-comparison-with-nonattention-deficit-and-hyperactivity-disorder
#12
Mostafa Najafi, Shahla Akouchekian, Alireza Ghaderi, Behzad Mahaki, Mariam Rezaei
Background: Attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common psychological problem during childhood. This study aimed to evaluate multiple intelligences profiles of children with ADHD in comparison with non-ADHD. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive analytical study was done on 50 children of 6-13 years old in two groups of with and without ADHD. Children with ADHD were referred to Clinics of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, in 2014...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284437/challenges-in-defining-the-rates-of-adhd-diagnosis-and-treatment-trends-over-the-last-decade
#13
Michael Davidovitch, Gideon Koren, Naama Fund, Maayan Shrem, Avi Porath
BACKGROUND: There is a global trend of large increases in the prevalence and incidence of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). This study aimed to address potential causes of these major changes. METHODS: The authors used a large cohort to analyze data employing patients' electronic medical records, with physicians' diagnosis of ADHD, including records of medication purchases. RESULTS: The prevalence of ADHD diagnoses rose twofold from 6...
December 29, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282674/correction-to-development-of-guanfacine-extended-release-dosing-strategies-in-children-and-adolescents-with-adhd-using-a-physiologically-based-pharmacokinetic-model-to-predict-drug-drug-interactions-with-moderate-cyp3a4-inhibitors-or-inducers
#14
Aiqun Li, Karen Yeo, Devin Welty, Haojing Rong
The article "Development of Guanfacine Extended-Release Dosing Strategies in Children and Adolescents with ADHD Using a PhysiologicallyBased Pharmacokinetic Model to Predict Drug-Drug Interactions with Moderate CYP3A4 Inhibitors or Inducers", written by Aiqun Li, Karen Yeo, Devin Welty, Haojing Rong, was originally published electronically on the publisher's internet portal (currently SpringerLink) on 02nd November, 2017 without open access.
December 28, 2017: Paediatric Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276993/evaluation-of-motor-proficiency-and-adiponectin-in-adolescent-students-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-after-high-intensity-intermittent-training
#15
Farnaz Torabi, Abolfazl Farahani, Sepide Safakish, Azam Ramezankhani, Firouzeh Dehghan
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a chronic condition with frequent comorbidities such as obesity, troubled relationships, low self-esteem, and difficulty in motor proficiency. This study aims to elucidate the effect of high-intensity intermittent training on motor proficiency, adiponectin, and insulin resistance in adolescent students with ADHD disorder. Fifty adolescent students of both genders with ADHD diagnosis participated and assigned into four experimental groups (each group with 15 girls and 10 boys students; two experimental and two control groups)...
December 19, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276960/relationship-between-bisphenol-a-exposure-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-case-control-study-for-primary-school-children-in-guangzhou-china
#16
Yanru Li, Haibin Zhang, Hongxuan Kuang, Ruifang Fan, Caihui Cha, Guanyong Li, Zhiwei Luo, Qihua Pang
Bisphenol A (BPA) is an endocrine-disrupting chemical. Studies have shown that the exposure to BPA is associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) during adolescent development. However the direct clinical evidence is limited. To investigate the possible association between environmental BPA exposure and the altered behavior of children, a case-control study was conducted with children aged 6-12 years in Guangzhou, China. Two hundred fifteen children diagnosed with ADHD and 253 healthy children from Guangzhou were recruited as the case and control groups, respectively...
December 22, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276870/the-long-term-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-of-infants-born-full-term-with-low-birth-weight
#17
Ayşe Tosun, Börte Gürbüz-Özgür, Hatice Aksu, Münevver Kaynak-Türkmen
Tosun A, Gürbüz-Özgür B, Aksu H, Kaynak-Türkmen M. The long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes of infants born full-term with low birth weight. Turk J Pediatr 2017; 59: 169-176. In this study, it was aimed to evaluate the neurological developments of pre-school or school-aged children together with their school successes, intelligence quotient and symptom severity of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder who were born at the 37th gestational week and above with birth weights below tenth percentile, which is called small for gestational age (SGA)...
2017: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274748/neural-circuitry-underlying-sustained-attention-in-healthy-adolescents-and-in-adhd-symptomatology
#18
Laura O'Halloran, Zhipeng Cao, Kathy Ruddy, Lee Jollans, Matthew D Albaugh, Andrea Aleni, Alexandra S Potter, Nigel Vahey, Tobias Banaschewski, Sarah Hohmann, Arun L W Bokde, Uli Bromberg, Christian Büchel, Erin Burke Quinlan, Sylvane Desrivières, Herta Flor, Vincent Frouin, Penny Gowland, Andreas Heinz, Bernd Ittermann, Frauke Nees, Dimitri Papadopoulos Orfanos, Tomáš Paus, Michael N Smolka, Henrik Walter, Gunter Schumann, Hugh Garavan, Clare Kelly, Robert Whelan
Moment-to-moment reaction time variability on tasks of attention, often quantified by intra-individual response variability (IRV), provides a good indication of the degree to which an individual is vulnerable to lapses in sustained attention. Increased IRV is a hallmark of several disorders of attention, including Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Here, task-based fMRI was used to provide the first examination of how average brain activation and functional connectivity patterns in adolescents are related to individual differences in sustained attention as measured by IRV...
December 21, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246205/the-autism-tics-adhd-and-other-comorbidities-inventory-a-tac-previous-and-predictive-validity
#19
Caroline Mårland, Paul Lichtenstein, Alessio Degl'Innocenti, Tomas Larson, Maria Råstam, Henrik Anckarsäter, Christopher Gillberg, Thomas Nilsson, Sebastian Lundström
BACKGROUND: Reliable and easy to administer screening instruments focusing on neurodevelopmental disorders and associated conditions are scarce. The Autism-Tics, AD/HD and other Comorbidities inventory (A-TAC) has previously been validated and reporting good- excellent validity for several disorders. This article aims to expand these findings by including more conditions in a substantially larger sample augmented with the Swedish National Patient Register (NPR). METHODS: Since 2004 parents of all 9-year-old Swedish twins have been invited to participate in a telephone interview in the Child and Adolescent Twin Study in Sweden, CATSS...
December 16, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243874/emotional-and-behavioral-problems-in-children-and-adolescents-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1
#20
André B Rietman, Thijs van der Vaart, Ellen Plasschaert, Bethany A Nicholson, Rianne Oostenbrink, Lianne C Krab, Mie-Jef Descheemaeker, Marie-Claire Y de Wit, Henriëtte A Moll, Eric Legius, Pieter F A de Nijs
To assess emotional and behavioral problems in children and adolescents with neurofibromatosis type 1,parents of 183 individuals aged 10.8 ± 3.1 years (range 6-17) completed the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). Also, 173 teachers completed the Teacher's Report Form (TRF), and 88 adolescents (children from 11 to 17 years) completed the Youth Self-Report (YSR). According to parental ratings, 32% scored in the clinical range (above the 90th percentile). This percentage was much lower when rated by teachers or adolescents themselves...
December 15, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
keyword
keyword
88753
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"