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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093662/a-cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-lisdexamfetamine-dimesylate-in-the-treatment-of-adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-the-uk
#1
Evelina A Zimovetz, Alain Joseph, Rajeev Ayyagari, Josephine A Mauskopf
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a chronic neurobehavioral disorder in children that may persist into adulthood. Lisdexamfetamine dimesylate (LDX) is approved in many countries for ADHD treatment in children, adolescents, and adults. OBJECTIVES: Estimate the cost-effectiveness of LDX as a first- or second-line treatment for adults with ADHD from the United Kingdom (UK) National Health Service (NHS) perspective compared with methylphenidate extended release (MPH-ER) and atomoxetine (ATX)...
January 16, 2017: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088740/associations-between-adverse-childhood-experiences-student-teacher-relationships-and-non-medical-use-of-prescription-medications-among-adolescents
#2
Myriam Forster, Amy L Gower, Iris W Borowsky, Barbara J McMorris
OBJECTIVE: Few studies have investigated associations between adverse childhood experiences (ACE) and nonmedical use of prescription medication (NMUPM) in population-based samples of adolescents, and even fewer have examined whether promotive factors might buffer these effects. The present study assesses the direct effects of ACE and positive student-teacher relationships on NUMPD and whether positive student-teacher relationships moderate this association. DESIGN: Data were from the 2013 Minnesota Student Survey (MSS), an in-school survey administered every three years to students throughout Minnesota...
January 6, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088557/meta-analysis-of-organizational-skills-interventions-for-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#3
REVIEW
Aida Bikic, Brian Reichow, Spencer A McCauley, Karim Ibrahim, Denis G Sukhodolsky
BACKGROUND: In addition to problems with attention and hyperactivity, children with ADHD present with poor organizational skills required for managing time and materials in academic projects. Organizational skills training (OST) has been increasingly used to address these deficits. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of OST in children with ADHD. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to systematically review the evidence of the effects of OST for children with ADHD for organizational skills, attention, and academic performance...
December 29, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073796/comparative-efficacy-and-tolerability-of-pharmacological-interventions-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-children-adolescents-and-adults-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#4
Samuele Cortese, Nicoletta Adamo, Christina Mohr-Jensen, Adrian J Hayes, Sahar Bhatti, Sara Carucci, Cinzia Del Giovane, Lauren Z Atkinson, Tobias Banaschewski, Emily Simonoff, Alessandro Zuddas, Corrado Barbui, Marianna Purgato, Hans-Christoph Steinhausen, Farhad Shokraneh, Jun Xia, Andrea Cipriani, David Coghill
INTRODUCTION: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a major public health issue. Pharmacological treatments play an important role in the multimodal treatment of ADHD. Currently, there is a lack of up-to-date and comprehensive evidence on how available ADHD drugs compare and rank in terms of efficacy and tolerability, in children or adolescents as well as in adults. We will conduct a network meta-analysis (NMA), integrating direct and indirect comparisons from randomised controlled trials (RCTs), to rank pharmacological treatments for ADHD according to their efficacy and tolerability profiles...
January 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072839/assessment-of-attention-deficits-in-adolescent-offspring-exposed-to-maternal-type-1-diabetes
#5
Birgitte Bytoft, Sine Knorr, Zuzana Vlachova, Rikke B Jensen, Elisabeth R Mathiesen, Henning Beck-Nielsen, Claus H Gravholt, Dorte M Jensen, Tine D Clausen, Erik L Mortensen, Peter Damm
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the potential association between intrauterine exposure to maternal diabetes and attention deficits in the offspring. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Adolescent offspring of a prospectively followed cohort of women with type 1 diabetes (n = 269) and a control group from the background population (n = 293) participated in a follow-up assessment in 2012-2013. We used scores from Conners Continuous Performance Test II to assess attention and based on a principal component analysis we evaluated scores on five different attention factors: focused attention, vigilance, hyperactivity/impulsivity, sustained attention and response style...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070762/being-on-your-own-or-feeling-lonely-loneliness-and-other-social-variables-in-youths-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#6
Anne Deckers, Peter Muris, Jeffrey Roelofs
A cross-sectional study was conducted to examine loneliness and its correlates in children (7 to 11 years) and adolescents (12 to 18 years) with autism spectrum disorders (ASD, n = 73) and control groups of clinically referred (ADHD, n = 76) and non-clinical (n = 106) youths. Youths completed questionnaires on loneliness and desire for social interaction, while parents and teachers filled out scales on other aspects of children's social functioning. Results indicated that only at an adolescent age, the ASD group reported higher levels of loneliness than the control groups...
January 9, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068954/cognitively-and-physically-demanding-exergaming-to-improve-executive-functions-of-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#7
Valentin Benzing, Mirko Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common mental disorders observed in childhood and adolescence. Its key symptoms - reduced attention, poor control of impulses as well as increased motor activity - are associated with decreased executive functions performance, finally affecting academic achievement. Although drug treatments usually show some effect, alternative treatments are continually being sought, due to lack of commitment and possible side effects...
January 10, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057397/neural-alterations-in-adhd-children-as-indicated-by-voxel-based-cortical-thickness-and-morphometry-analysis
#8
Uttam Kumar, Amit Arya, Vivek Agarwal
PURPOSE: Neuroimaging studies provide vital information related to the neurobiology of ADHD, but there still exists a wide gap in relevant information. The present study aimed to elucidate the neuroanatomical alteration in Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) children/adolescents. METHODS: Voxel-based cortical thickness (VBCT) and voxel-based morphometry (VBM) was performed to examine neuroanatomic distinctions in 18 children/adolescents aged 7.5-13years diagnosed with DSM-IV TR as ADHD (non-medicated)...
January 2, 2017: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054712/early-high-school-engagement-in-students-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#9
Nardia Zendarski, Emma Sciberras, Fiona Mensah, Harriet Hiscock
BACKGROUND: Students with attention/deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) continue to languish behind their peers with regard to academic achievement and education attainment. School engagement is potentially modifiable, and targeting engagement may be a means to improve education outcomes. AIMS: To investigate school engagement for students with ADHD during the crucial high school transition period and to identify factors associated with low school engagement. SAMPLE: Participants are adolescents (12-15 years) in the first and third year of high school with diagnosed ADHD (n = 130)...
January 5, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053283/co-morbidity-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-clinical-study-from-india
#10
P Jacob, S Srinath, S Girimaji, S Seshadri, J V Sagar
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of neurodevelopmental and psychiatric co-morbidities in children and adolescents diagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder at a tertiary care child and adolescent psychiatry centre. METHODS: A total of 63 children and adolescents who were diagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and fulfilled the inclusion criteria were comprehensively assessed for neurodevelopmental and psychiatric co-morbidities...
December 2016: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052720/comparative-efficacy-and-safety-of-methylphenidate-and-atomoxetine-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents-meta-analysis-based-on-head-to-head-trials
#11
Qiang Liu, Hong Zhang, Qingqing Fang, Lili Qin
INTRODUCTION: Comparative efficacy and safety are important issues for appropriate drug selection for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) treatment. Therefore we conducted a meta-analysis, where we compared atomoxetine (ATX) and methylphenidate (MPH) for ADHD treatment in children and adolescents. METHOD: Literature retrieval was conducted in relevant databases from their inception to April 2016 to select head-to-head trials that compared ATX and MPH in children and adolescents...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052706/research-brief
#12
Erin Schoenfelder, Connor McCabe, Aurora Fife, Lisa Herzig, Kym Ahrens
OBJECTIVE: Adolescents with ADHD are at risk of functional problems that may be mitigated by consistent ADHD treatment. This study pilots a brief intervention for adolescents with ADHD and their parents to increase treatment knowledge and family motivation to seek treatment. METHOD: The 3-hr curriculum was developed by a multidisciplinary team and included psychoeducation, goal setting, and motivational interviewing. Fifteen adolescents and 20 caregivers participated in the workshop, completed pre- and post-test assessments, and reported on acceptability...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043839/primary-pediatric-care-psychopharmacology-focus-on-medications-for-adhd-depression-and-anxiety
#13
Jeffrey R Strawn, Eric T Dobson, Lisa L Giles
The evidence base for psychopharmacologic interventions in youth with depressive and anxiety disorders as well as attention/deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has dramatically increased over the past two decades. Psychopharmacologic interventions commonly utilized in the pediatric primary care setting-selective serotonin (norepinephrine) reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs/SSNRIs), stimulants and α2 agonists-are reviewed. General pharmacologic principles are summarized along with class-related side effects and tolerability concerns (e...
December 30, 2016: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040827/family-structure-and-childhood-mental-disorders-new-findings-from-australia
#14
Francisco Perales, Sarah E Johnson, Janeen Baxter, David Lawrence, Stephen R Zubrick
PURPOSE: Many children now live in non-traditional families-including one-parent, blended, and step families. While a substantial body of international evidence indicates that these children display poorer cognitive and socio-emotional outcomes than children living in traditional families, research on childhood mental disorders is scarce. This report provides new evidence of the relationships between family structure and childhood mental disorders in an under-researched context, Australia...
December 31, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032202/pediatric-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-with-tic-symptoms-clinical-presentation-and-treatment-outcome
#15
Davíð R M A Højgaard, Gudmundur Skarphedinsson, Judith Becker Nissen, Katja A Hybel, Tord Ivarsson, Per Hove Thomsen
: Some studies have shown that children and adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and co-morbid tics differ from those without co-morbid tics in terms of several demographic and clinical characteristics. However, not all studies have confirmed these differences. This study examined children and adolescents with OCD and with possible or definite tic specifiers according to the DSM-5 in order to see whether they differ from patients without any tic symptoms regarding clinical presentation and outcome of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)...
December 28, 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031065/phenotypic-and-genetic-associations-between-reading-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-dimensions-in-adolescence
#16
Vickie Plourde, Michel Boivin, Mara Brendgen, Frank Vitaro, Ginette Dionne
Multiple studies have shown that reading abilities and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms, mainly inattention symptoms, are phenotypically and genetically associated during childhood. However, few studies have looked at these associations during adolescence to investigate possible developmental changes. The aim of the study is to examine the genetic and environmental etiology of the associations between inattention and hyperactivity reported by parents, and reading accuracy, reading speed, and word reading in a population-based twin sample (Quebec Newborn Twin Study)...
December 29, 2016: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030984/clinical-and-neuropsychological-characteristics-of-adhd-according-to-dsm-5-age-of-onset-criterion-in-korean-children-and-adolescents
#17
Taeyeop Lee, Kee Jeong Park, Hyun-Jeong Lee, Hyo-Won Kim
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the clinical features and neuropsychological profiles of children and adolescents with ADHD according to the age-of-onset defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM-5). METHOD: We compared the following three groups: early-onset ADHD group (onset before age 7, n = 86), late-onset ADHD group (onset between ages 7 and 12, n = 58), and the control group ( n = 88). RESULTS: Both early-onset and late-onset ADHD groups had more symptoms and functional impairments than the control group...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030746/association-of-fluid-intelligence-and-psychiatric-disorders-in-a-population-representative-sample-of-us-adolescents
#18
Katherine M Keyes, Jonathan Platt, Alan S Kaufman, Katie A McLaughlin
Importance: Despite long-standing interest in the association of psychiatric disorders with intelligence, few population-based studies of psychiatric disorders have assessed intelligence. Objective: To investigate the association of fluid intelligence with past-year and lifetime psychiatric disorders, disorder age at onset, and disorder severity in a nationally representative sample of US adolescents. Design, Setting, and Participants: National sample of adolescents ascertained from schools and households from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication-Adolescent Supplement, collected 2001 through 2004...
December 28, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027344/spending-on-children-s-personal-health-care-in-the-united-states-1996-2013
#19
Anthony L Bui, Joseph L Dieleman, Hannah Hamavid, Maxwell Birger, Abigail Chapin, Herbert C Duber, Cody Horst, Alex Reynolds, Ellen Squires, Paul J Chung, Christopher J L Murray
Importance: Health care spending on children in the United States continues to rise, yet little is known about how this spending varies by condition, age and sex group, and type of care, nor how these patterns have changed over time. Objective: To provide health care spending estimates for children and adolescents 19 years and younger in the United States from 1996 through 2013, disaggregated by condition, age and sex group, and type of care. Evidence Review: Health care spending estimates were extracted from the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation Disease Expenditure 2013 project database...
December 27, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004285/is-the-positive-illusory-bias-common-in-young-adolescents-with-adhd-a-fresh-look-at-prevalence-and-stability-using-latent-profile-and-transition-analyses
#20
Elizaveta Bourchtein, Joshua M Langberg, Julie S Owens, Steven W Evans, Robert A Perera
The goal of this study was to use novel approaches that do not require the use of arbitrary cut-points (i.e., latent profile/transition analysis) to evaluate the prevalence and stability of the positive illusory bias (PIB) in young adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Participants were 326 middle-school students diagnosed with ADHD (Mage = 12.26 years, 71% male, 77% Caucasian). The Self-Perception Profile for Children (SPPC) was completed by participants and their parents at baseline and again 12 and 18 months later...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
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