keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

clinical research cardiology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453594/time-to-first-event-versus-recurrent-event-analysis-points-to-consider-for-selecting-a-meaningful-analysis-strategy-in-clinical-trials-with-composite-endpoints
#1
Geraldine Rauch, Meinhard Kieser, Harald Binder, Antoni Bayes-Genis, Antje Jahn-Eimermacher
BACKGROUND: Composite endpoints combining several event types of clinical interest often define the primary efficacy outcome in cardiologic trials. They are commonly evaluated as time-to-first-event, thereby following the recommendations of regulatory agencies. However, to assess the patient's full disease burden and to identify preventive factors or interventions, subsequent events following the first one should be considered as well. This is especially important in cohort studies and RCTs with a long follow-up leading to a higher number of observed events per patients...
February 16, 2018: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445059/liver-cirrhosis-and-or-hepatocellular-carcinoma-occurring-late-after-the-fontan-procedure-a-nationwide-survey-in-japan
#2
Masanari Kuwabara, Koichiro Niwa, Tomohiko Toyoda, Takeaki Shirai, Shigeru Tateno, Hideo Ohuchi, Yasuhiko Tanaka, Fukiko Ichida, Tomoo Fujisawa, Teiji Akagi, Yoshiki Mori
BACKGROUND: Fontan-associated liver disease (FALD) is an important late complication involving liver dysfunction, such as liver cirrhosis (LC) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), in patients undergoing the Fontan procedure. However, the prevalence, clinical manifestation, and methods of diagnosis of FALD are still not well established.Methods and Results:This study comprised 2 nationwide surveys in Japan. First, the prevalence of LC and/or HCC in patients undergoing the Fontan procedure was determined...
February 14, 2018: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437116/cardiovascular-disease-and-breast-cancer-where-these-entities-intersect-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#3
REVIEW
Laxmi S Mehta, Karol E Watson, Ana Barac, Theresa M Beckie, Vera Bittner, Salvador Cruz-Flores, Susan Dent, Lavanya Kondapalli, Bonnie Ky, Tochukwu Okwuosa, Ileana L Piña, Annabelle Santos Volgman
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains the leading cause of mortality in women, yet many people perceive breast cancer to be the number one threat to women's health. CVD and breast cancer have several overlapping risk factors, such as obesity and smoking. Additionally, current breast cancer treatments can have a negative impact on cardiovascular health (eg, left ventricular dysfunction, accelerated CVD), and for women with pre-existing CVD, this might influence cancer treatment decisions by both the patient and the provider...
February 1, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415914/high-frequency-echocardiography%C3%A3-transformative-clinical-and-research-applications-in-humans-mice-and-zebrafish
#4
Louis W Wang, Scott H Kesteven, Inken G Huttner, Michael P Feneley, Diane Fatkin
Echocardiography is an invaluable tool for characterizing cardiac structure and function in vivo. Technological advances in high-frequency ultrasound over the past 3 decades have increased spatial and temporal resolution, and facilitated many important clinical and basic science discoveries. Successful reverse translation of established echocardiographic techniques, including M-mode, B-mode, color Doppler, pulsed-wave Doppler, tissue Doppler and, most recently, myocardial deformation imaging, from clinical cardiology into the basic science laboratory has enabled researchers to achieve a deeper understanding of myocardial phenotypes in health and disease...
February 6, 2018: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407080/arterial-hypertension-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-in-europe-a-report-from-the-eurobservational-research-programme-pilot-survey-on-atrial-fibrillation
#5
G A Dan, E Badila, E Weiss, C Laroche, G Boriani, A Dan, L Tavazzi, A P Maggioni, H J Crijns, R Popescu, D Blommaert, W Streb, G Y H Lip
BACKGROUND: Hypertension (HTN) is the most prevalent co-morbidity among atrial fibrillation (AF) patients; the relationship between the two is bidirectional, with an incremental effect on adverse outcomes. PURPOSE: To study clinical features, treatment patterns and 1year outcomes amongst AF patients with HTN in the EURObservational Research Programme Atrial Fibrillation (EORP-AF) Pilot Registry, a prospective multi-national survey conducted by the European Society of Cardiology in 9 European countries...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402418/description-of-a-method-to-obtain-complete-one-year-follow-up-in-the-society-of-thoracic-surgeons-american-college-of-cardiology-transcatheter-valve-therapy-registry
#6
Jordan Wooley, Holly Neatherlin, Cecile Mahoney, John J Squiers, Deborah Tabachnick, Mitta Suresh, Eleanor Huff, Sukhdeep S Basra, J Michael DiMaio, David L Brown, Michael J Mack, Elizabeth M Holper
The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services National Coverage Determination requires centers performing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) to report clinical outcomes up to 1 year. Many sites encounter challenges in obtaining complete 1-year follow-up. We report our process to address this challenge. A multidisciplinary process involving clinical personnel, data and quality managers, and research coordinators was initiated to collect TAVI data at baseline, 30 days, and 1 year. This process included (1) planned clinical follow-up of all patients at 30 days and 1 year; (2) query of health-care system-wide integrated data warehouse (IDW) to ascertain last date of clinical contact within the system for all patients; (3) online obituary search, cross-referencing for unique patient identifiers to determine if mortality occurred in remaining unknown patients; and (4) phone calls to remaining unknown patients or patients' families...
January 2, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399927/irreversible-electroporation-ablation-for-atrial-fibrillation
#7
Adam Wojtaszczyk, Guido Caluori, Martin Pešl, Katarina Melajova, Zdeněk Stárek
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is one of the most important problems in modern cardiology. Thermal ablation therapies, especially radiofrequency ablation (RF), are currently "gold standard" to treat symptomatic AF by localized tissue necrosis. Despite the improvements in reestablishing sinus rhythm using available methods, both success rate and safety are limited by the thermal nature of procedures. Thus, while keeping the technique in clinical practice, safer and more versatile methods of removing abnormal tissue are being investigated...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368616/undetected-dysglycaemia-common-in-primary-care-patients-treated-for-hypertension-and-or-dyslipidaemia-on-the-need-for-a-screening-strategy-in-clinical-practice-a-report-from-euroaspire-iv-a-registry-from-the-euroobservational-research-programme-of-the-european
#8
Bahira Shahim, Viveca Gyberg, Dirk De Bacquer, Kornelia Kotseva, Guy De Backer, Oliver Schnell, Jaakko Tuomilehto, David Wood, Lars Rydén
BACKGROUND: Dysglycaemia defined as type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), increases the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The negative impact is more apparent in the presence of hypertension and/or dyslipidaemia. Thus, it seems reasonable to screen for dysglycaemia in patients treated for hypertension and/or dyslipidaemia. A simple screening algorithm would enhance the adoption of such strategy in clinical practice. OBJECTIVES: To test the hypotheses (1) that dysglycaemia is common in patients with hypertension and/or dyslipidaemia and (2) that initial screening with the Finnish Diabetes Risk Score (FINDRISC) will decrease the need for laboratory based tests...
January 24, 2018: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362979/guideline-from-japanese-society-of-echocardiography-2018-focused-update-incorporated-into-guidance-for-the-management-and-maintenance-of-echocardiography-equipment
#9
Masao Daimon, Makoto Akaishi, Toshihiko Asanuma, Shuji Hashimoto, Chisato Izumi, Shiro Iwanaga, Hiroya Kawai, Hiroyuki Toide, Akihiro Hayashida, Hirotsugu Yamada, Mitsushige Murata, Yutaka Hirano, Kengo Suzuki, Satoshi Nakatani
Echocardiography plays a pivotal role as an imaging modality in the modern cardiology practice. Information derived from echocardiography is definitely helpful for a patient care. The Japanese Society of Echocardiography has promoted echocardiography for a routine clinical and research use. One of the missions of the Society is to provide information that is useful for high-quality examinations. To ensure it, we believe equipment in good conditions and a comfortable environment are important for both a patient and an examiner...
January 23, 2018: Journal of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362176/the-society-of-thoracic-surgeons-the-society-of-cardiovascular-anesthesiologists-and-the-american-society-of-extracorporeal-technology-clinical-practice-guidelines-anticoagulation-during-cardiopulmonary-bypass
#10
Linda Shore-Lesserson, Robert A Baker, Victor A Ferraris, Philip E Greilich, David Fitzgerald, Philip Roman, John W Hammon
Despite more than a half century of "safe" cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), the evidence base surrounding the conduct of anticoagulation therapy for CPB has not been organized into a succinct guideline. For this and other reasons, there is enormous practice variability relating to the use and dosing of heparin, monitoring heparin anticoagulation, reversal of anticoagulation, and the use of alternative anticoagulants. To address this and other gaps, The Society of Thoracic Surgeons, the Society of Cardiovascular Anesthesiologists, and the American Society of Extracorporeal Technology developed an Evidence Based Workgroup...
February 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358344/standardized-definition-of-structural-valve-degeneration-for-surgical-and-transcatheter-bioprosthetic-aortic-valves
#11
REVIEW
Danny Dvir, Thierry Bourguignon, Catherine M Otto, Rebecca T Hahn, Raphael Rosenhek, John G Webb, Hendrik Treede, Maurice E Sarano, Ted Feldman, Harindra C Wijeysundera, Yan Topilsky, Michel Aupart, Michael J Reardon, G Burkhard Mackensen, Wilson Y Szeto, Ran Kornowski, James S Gammie, Ajit P Yoganathan, Yaron Arbel, Michael A Borger, Matheus Simonato, Mark Reisman, Raj R Makkar, Alexandre Abizaid, James M McCabe, Gry Dahle, Gabriel S Aldea, Jonathon Leipsic, Philippe Pibarot, Neil E Moat, Michael J Mack, A Pieter Kappetein, Martin B Leon
Bioprostheses are prone to structural valve degeneration, resulting in limited long-term durability. A significant challenge when comparing the durability of different types of bioprostheses is the lack of a standardized terminology for the definition of a degenerated valve. This issue becomes especially important when we try to compare the degeneration rate of surgically inserted and transcatheter bioprosthetic valves. This document, by the VIVID (Valve-in-Valve International Data), proposes practical and standardized definitions of valve degeneration and provides recommendations for the timing of clinical and imaging follow-up assessments accordingly...
January 23, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357042/nimura-lecture-three-ebms
#12
Shinichi Minagoe
The three EBMs in the title refer to the following concepts: evidence-based medicine, experience-based medicine, and echo-based medicine. Evidence-based medicine: I have carried out the following clinical research using transthoracic Doppler echocardiography: (1) noninvasive pulsed-wave Doppler echocardiographic detection of the direction of shunt flow in patients with atrial septal defect: usefulness of the right parasternal approach (1985), (2) significance of laminar systolic regurgitant flow in patients with tricuspid regurgitation: a combined pulsed-wave, continuous-wave, and two-dimensional echocardiography (1990), (3) obstruction of the inferior vena caval orifice by the giant left atrium in patients with mitral stenosis: a Doppler echocardiographic study from the right parasternal approach (1992), and (4) demonstration of a localized acceleration flow signal in the transmural penetrating coronary artery using transthoracic color and pulsed-wave Doppler echocardiography in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (1996-2017)...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346209/the-society-of-thoracic-surgeons-the-society-of-cardiovascular-anesthesiologists-and-the-american-society-of-extracorporeal-technology-clinical-practice-guidelines-anticoagulation-during-cardiopulmonary-bypass
#13
Linda Shore-Lesserson, Robert A Baker, Victor A Ferraris, Philip E Greilich, David Fitzgerald, Philip Roman, John W Hammon
Despite more than a half century of "safe" cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), the evidence base surrounding the conduct of anticoagulation therapy for CPB has not been organized into a succinct guideline. For this and other reasons, there is enormous practice variability relating to the use and dosing of heparin, monitoring heparin anticoagulation, reversal of anticoagulation, and the use of alternative anticoagulants. To address this and other gaps, The Society of Thoracic Surgeons, the Society of Cardiovascular Anesthesiologists, and the American Society of Extracorporeal Technology developed an Evidence Based Workgroup...
February 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343412/implementing-genome-driven-personalized-cardiology-in-clinical-practice
#14
REVIEW
Ares Pasipoularides
Genomics designates the coordinated investigation of a large number of genes in the context of a biological process or disease. It may be long before we attain comprehensive understanding of the genomics of common complex cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) such as inherited cardiomyopathies, valvular diseases, primary arrhythmogenic conditions, congenital heart syndromes, hypercholesterolemia and atherosclerotic heart disease, hypertensive syndromes, and heart failure with preserved/reduced ejection fraction. Nonetheless, as genomics is evolving rapidly, it is constructive to survey now pertinent concepts and breakthroughs...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330259/limited-accuracy-of-administrative-data-for-the-identification-and-classification-of-adult-congenital-heart-disease
#15
Abigail Khan, Katrina Ramsey, Cody Ballard, Emily Armstrong, Luke J Burchill, Victor Menashe, George Pantely, Craig S Broberg
BACKGROUND: Administrative data sets utilize billing codes for research and quality assessment. Previous data suggest that such codes can accurately identify adults with congenital heart disease (CHD) in the cardiology clinic, but their use has yet to be validated in a larger population. METHODS AND RESULTS: All administrative codes from an entire health system were queried for a single year. Adults with a CHD diagnosis code (International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, (ICD-9) codes 745-747) defined the cohort...
January 12, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329440/executive-function-and-internalizing-symptoms-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease-the-role-of-coping
#16
Jamie L Jackson, Gina M Gerardo, Jennifer D Monti, Kyle A Schofield, Kathryn Vannatta
Executive functioning deficits have been documented among congenital heart disease (CHD) survivors and may contribute to emotional distress. Little research has investigated the role of coping in this association. This study examined the role of coping in accounting for the association between self-reported executive function problems and internalizing symptoms among adolescents and emerging adults (AEAs), as well as young adults (YAs) with CHD. Participants included 74 AEA ( M age  = 19.32  ±  3.47 years, range 15-25 years) and 98 YA CHD survivors ( M age  = 32...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306470/sex-differences-in-left-main-coronary-artery-stenting-different-characteristics-but-similar-outcomes-for-women-compared-with-men
#17
Eun-Seok Shin, Cheol Whan Lee, Jung-Min Ahn, Pil Hyung Lee, Mineok Chang, Min-Ju Kim, Sung-Han Yoon, Duk-Woo Park, Soo-Jin Kang, Seung-Whan Lee, Young-Hak Kim, Seong-Wook Park, Seung-Jung Park
BACKGROUND: The clinical outcomes for women compared with men undergoing left main PCI were sparse. We compared the characteristics and long-term outcomes in women versus men after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents (DES) for unprotected left main CAD. METHODS: We identified 2328 patients (545 women; 1783 men) with unprotected left main CAD who received PCI with DES between January 2007 and December 2013 in the Interventional Cardiology Research In-cooperation Society-left MAIN revascularization (IRIS-MAIN) registry...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297191/angiographic-advancement-of-the-coronary-disease-and-the-cardiovascular-risk-at-the-acute-coronary-syndrome-in-patients-with-the-metabolic-syndrome
#18
Katarzyna Widecka-Ostrowska, Krzysztof Safranow, Maciej Lewandowski, Krzysztof Przybycień, Jarosław Gorący, Zdzisława Kornacewicz-Jach
BACKGROUND: Extent of angiographic lesions, size of infarct and in-hospital and distant prognosis in patients with the metabolic syndrome have been not clearly determined. Detailed knowledge of markers both for ACS occurrence as well as those affecting early and further prognosis will have key significance at taking correct preventive and therapeutic decisions. AIM: Comparing in patients with first ACS treated with coronary angioplasty the advancement of coronary disease and the cardiovascular risk evaluated using GRACE 2...
January 3, 2018: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289400/shared-decision-making-as-the-future-of-emergency-cardiology
#19
REVIEW
Marc A Probst, Peter A Noseworthy, Juan P Brito, Erik P Hess
Shared decision-making is playing an increasingly large role in emergency cardiovascular care. Although there are many challenges to successfully performing shared decision-making in the emergency department, there are numerous clinical scenarios in which it should be used. In this article, we explore new research and emerging decision aids in the following emergency care scenarios: (1) low-risk chest pain; (2) new-onset atrial fibrillation; and (3) moderate-risk syncope. These decision aids are designed to engage patients and facilitate shared decision-making for specific treatment and disposition (admit vs discharge) decisions...
February 2018: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274919/use-of-lung-ultrasound-for-the-assessment-of-volume-status-in-ckd
#20
REVIEW
Adrian Covic, Dimitrie Siriopol, Luminita Voroneanu
Adequate assessment of fluid status is an imperative objective in the management of all types of patients in cardiology, intensive care, and especially nephrology. Fluid overload is one of the most common modifiable risk factors directly associated with hypertension, heart failure, left ventricular hypertrophy, and eventually, higher morbidity and mortality risk in these categories of patients. Different methods are commonly used to determine fluid status (eg, clinical assessment, natriuretic peptide concentrations, echocardiography, inferior vena cava measurements, or bioimpedance analysis)...
December 20, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
keyword
keyword
88748
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"