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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793149/educational-and-emotional-health-outcomes-in-adolescence-following-maltreatment-in-early-childhood-a-population-based-study-of-protective-factors
#1
Nisreen Khambati, Liam Mahedy, Jon Heron, Alan Emond
Although childhood maltreatment is associated with long-term impairment, some children function well despite this adversity. This study aimed to identify the key protective factors for good educational attainment and positive emotional health in adolescents who experienced maltreatment in early childhood. Data were analyzed from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, a large UK prospective cohort study. The sample was defined by maternally reported exposure to physical or emotional maltreatment by a parent prior to 5 years...
May 21, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793099/carbon-monoxide-analysis-method-in-human-blood-by-airtight-gas-syringe-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-ags-gc-ms-relevance-for-postmortem-poisoning-diagnosis
#2
S Oliverio, V Varlet
Carbon monoxide is one of the most abundant toxic air pollutants. Symptoms of a CO intoxication are non-specific, leading to a high number of misdiagnosed CO poisoning cases that are missing in the disease statistics. The chemical nature of the molecule makes it difficult to detect for long periods and at low levels, thus requiring a very accurate and sensitive method. Current methods capable of accurate and sensitive analyses are available, however an inconsistency between results and symptoms are frequently reported...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793085/socio-demographic-factors-associated-with-choosing-violent-methods-of-suicide-2011-2016-ilam-province
#3
Yousef Veisani, Fathola Mohamadian, Ali Delpisheh, Salman Khazaei
BACKGROUND: In new strategies towards of suicide prevention the best approach currently is based on specific method had specific risk factors. Therefore in this study we aimed to find out the association between socio-demographic factors and methods in completed suicide, 2011-2016, Ilam province. METHODS: A cross-sectional study, 2011-2016, was conducted. A total of 540 completed suicides were recruited to the study. Data were collected by systematic registration suicide data (SRSD) and Legal Medicine Organization (LMO)...
May 21, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793016/multiple-idiopathic-aneurysms-in-a-6-year-old-boy
#4
Nicola Monzio Compagnoni, Ilenia D'alessio, Pierantonio Rimoldi, Bruno Palmieri, Franco Riolo, Alfredo Lista, Teresa Occhiuto, Paola Tracanelli, Antonio Gaetano Rampoldi, Federico Romani
We report the rare case of a young boy affected by idiopathic multiple aneurysms at different arterial locations who was treated at our institution with different surgical and endovascular techniques.
May 21, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793015/right-atrial-anomalous-muscle-bundle-presenting-with-acute-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-and-pulmonary-embolism-surgical-management
#5
Jeko M Madjarov, Michael G Katz, Sophia Madjarova, Svetozar Madzharov, Frank R Arko, David W Miller, Francis Robicsek
BACKGROUND: An anomalous muscle bundle crossing the right atrial cavity represents a pathological finding with unproved clinical significance. This congenital anomaly may be difficult to recognize via echocardiography and could be confused with other intra-cavitary lesions. METHODS: We report a case of a 53-year-old female presented to the cardio-vascular service with acute superior vena cava syndrome and sub-massive pulmonary embolism. RESULTS: The patient underwent venography confirming superior vena cava stenosis...
May 21, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793012/endovascular-repair-of-a-penetrating-aortic-ulcer-with-a-custom-made-relay-stent-graft-featuring-a-single-celiac-trunk-fenestration-and-a-superior-mesenteric-artery-scallop
#6
G Natalicchio, A Biello, G Castriotta, M G C La Marca, G Sorino, M Salcuni
We report the case of a 70-year-old man with an asymptomatic, fast-growing, paraceliac penetrating aortic ulcer (PAU). Guidelines recommend endovascular repair if an asymptomatic PAU shows a mean growth rate ≥5 mm per year: this patient's maximum aortic diameter was 47 mm but had increased 10 mm in the previous year. The very short sealing zones required a custom-made stent-graft. A custom-made Relay stent-graft with a single celiac trunk fenestration, a superior mesenteric artery (SMA) scallop measured according to SMA ostium size, an uncovered distal stent, and 6-mm tapering was used with technical and clinical success...
May 21, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793007/minimum-clinically-important-differences-in-chronic-pain-vary-considerable-by-baseline-pain-and-methodological-factors-systematic-review-of-empirical-studies
#7
REVIEW
Mette Frahm Olsen, Eik Bjerre, Maria Damkjær Hansen, Britta Tendal, Jørgen Hilden, Asbjørn Hróbjartsson
BACKGROUND: The minimum clinically important difference (MCID) is used to interpret the relevance of treatment effects, e.g. when developing clinical guidelines, evaluating trial results or planning sample sizes. There is currently no agreement on an appropriate MCID in chronic pain and little is known about which contextual factors cause variation. METHODS: Systematic review. We searched PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Library. Eligible studies determined MCID for chronic pain based on a one-dimensional pain scale, a patient-reported transition scale of perceived improvement; and either a mean change analysis (mean difference in pain among minimally improved patients) or a threshold analysis (pain reduction associated with best sensitivity and specificity for identifying minimally improved patients)...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792998/bmi-and-gender-increase-risk-for-sacral-fractures-after-multilevel-instrumented-spinal-fusion-compared-to-bone-mineral-density-and-pelvic-parameters
#8
Stephan N Salzmann, Courtney Ortiz Miller, John A Carrino, Jingyan Yang, Jennifer Shue, Andrew A Sama, Frank P Cammisa, Federico P Girardi, Alexander P Hughes
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Sacral fractures are a rare but potentially devastating complication. Long-fusion constructs including the sacrum that do not extend to the pelvis may result in sacral fractures. Besides established risk factors including gender, age and number of levels fused, body mass index (BMI), pelvic parameters and bone mineral density (BMD) have also been proposed as potential risk factors for postoperative sacral fractures. The literature supporting this, however, is limited...
May 21, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792994/lumbar-spinal-stenosis-comparison-of-surgical-practice-variation-and-clinical-outcome-in-three-national-spine-registries
#9
Greger Lønne, Peter Fritzell, Olle Hägg, Dennis Nordvall, Paul Gerdhem, Tobias Lagerbäck, Mikkel Andersen, Søren Eiskjaer, Martin Gehrchen, Wilco Jacobs, Miranda L van Hooff, Tore K Solberg
BACKGROUND: Decompression surgery for lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) is the most common spinal procedure in the elderly. To avoid persisting low back pain, adding arthrodesis has been recommended, especially if there is a coexisting degenerative spondylolisthesis. However, this strategy remains controversial, resulting in practice-based variation. PURPOSE: To evaluate in a pragmatic study if surgical selection criteria and variation in use of arthrodesis in three Scandinavian countries can be linked to variation in treatment effectiveness...
May 21, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792927/bacillus-subtilis-as-probiotic-candidate-for-red-sea-bream-growth-performance-oxidative-status-and-immune-response-traits
#10
Amr I Zaineldin, Sayed Hegazi, Shunsuke Koshio, Manabu Ishikawa, Abdulnasser Bakr, Abeer M S El-Keredy, Mahmoud A O Dawood, Serge Dossou, Weilong Wang, Zhang Yukun
The effects of dietary administration of Bacillus subtilis on the growth, digestive enzyme activity, blood chemistry, oxidative status and immune response of red sea bream (Pagrus major) were evaluated in the current study. Fish fed five different levels of B. subtilis at 0 (BS0), 1 × 104 (BS1), 1 × 106 (BS2), 1 × 108 (BS3) and 1 × 1010 (BS4) CFU kg-1 diet for 60 days. The obtained results showed that B. subtilis supplementation significantly improved growth performance (FBW, WG and SGR), feed utilization (FI, FCE, PER and PG) and whole-body protein content when compared to the control group (P < 0...
May 21, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792875/modelling-the-skip-and-resurgence-of-japanese-encephalitis-epidemics-in-hong-kong
#11
Shi Zhao, Yijun Lou, Alice P Y Chiu, Daihai He
Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is a zoonotic mosquito-borne virus, persisting in pigs, Ardeid birds and Culex mosquitoes. It is endemic to China and Southeastern Asia. The case-fatality ratio (CFR) or the rate of permanent psychiatric sequelae is 30% among symptomatic patients. There were no reported local JEV human cases between 2006 to 2010 in Hong Kong, but it was followed by a resurgence of cases from 2011 to 2017. The mechanism behind this "skip-and-resurgence" patterns is unclear. This work aims to reveal the mechanism behind the "skip-and-resurgence" patterns using mathematical modelling and likelihood-based inference techniques...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792839/patient-choice-of-adjunctive-non-pharmacologic-pain-management-during-first-trimester-abortion-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Mary Tschann, Jennifer Salcedo, Reni Soon, Bliss Kaneshiro
OBJECTIVE: To determine if offering patients a choice of adjunctive non-pharmacologic pain management during first-trimester aspiration abortion results in lower pain scores than seen without offering these additional measures. STUDY DESIGN: We enrolled women receiving first-trimester aspiration abortion at the University of Hawai'i. We randomized patients to standard care (control), or standard care plus a choice of non-pharmacologic pain management options (intervention)...
May 21, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792837/total-avulsed-ear-management-with-radial-forearm-free-flap
#13
Uzair Luqman, Zahid Qayyum, Zahid Furqan, Kaleem Ullah
Avulsive injuries to the ear are extremely challenging to treat. The literature documents numerous ways to manage such injuries. This report describes a case of total auricular cartilaginous avulsion that occurred during a motor vehicle accident. The avulsed segment had an ischemia time longer than 8 hours by the time of presentation at the authors' tertiary care facility. The avulsed segment was de-epithelialized and embedded into the volar forearm. After a healing period of 6 months, a radial forearm free flap was harvested and the ear was reconstructed...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792747/interpretation-time-using-a-concurrent-read-computer-aided-detection-system-for-automated-breast-ultrasound-in-breast-cancer-screening-of-women-with-dense-breast-tissue
#14
Yulei Jiang, Marc F Inciardi, Alexandra V Edwards, John Papaioannou
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare diagnostic accuracy and interpretation time of screening automated breast ultrasound (ABUS) for women with dense breast tissue without and with use of a recently U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved computer-aided detection (CAD) system for concurrent read. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a retrospective observer performance study, 18 radiologists interpreted a cancer-enriched set (i.e., cancer prevalence higher than in the original screening cohort) of 185 screening ABUS studies (52 with and 133 without breast cancer)...
May 24, 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792740/colloid-adenocarcinoma-of-the-lung-ct-and-pet-ct-findings-in-seven-patients
#15
Han Kyul Kim, Joungho Han, Teri J Franks, Kyung Soo Lee, Tae Jung Kim, Joon Young Choi, Jaeil Zo
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess CT and 18 F-FDG PET/CT findings of colloid adenocarcinoma of the lung in seven patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2010 to 2017, seven patients with surgically proven colloid adenocarcinoma of the lung were identified. CT (both enhanced and unenhanced) and PET/CT findings were analyzed, and the imaging features were compared with histopathologic reports. Clinical and demographic features were also analyzed. RESULTS: In all cases except one, tumors showed low attenuation on unenhanced CT scans, ranging in attenuation from -16...
May 24, 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792561/testimonial-psychotherapy-in-immigrant-survivors-of-intimate-partner-violence-a-case-series
#16
Pooja Lakshmin, Veronica Slootsky, Peter B Polatin, James L Griffith
Testimonial psychotherapy is a therapeutic ritual for facilitating the recovery of survivors of human rights violations that focuses on sharing the trauma narrative. Originally developed in Chile as a method for collecting evidence during legal proceedings, testimonial therapy has been widely applied transculturally as a unique treatment modality for populations that are not amenable to traditional Western psychotherapy. In this case report, we first review the literature on testimonial therapy to this date...
January 1, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792536/outcomes-in-paediatric-external-dacryocystorhinostomy-a-single-centre-experience
#17
Tarjani Vivek Dave, Edak Ezeanosike, Milind N Naik, Mohammad Javed Ali
PURPOSE: To report the outcomes of external dacryocystorhinostomy (Ext DCR) in paediatric patients. METHODS: A single-centre, retrospective, interventional, non-comparative case series was performed on all paediatric patients who underwent Ext DCR between July 2010 and July 2014. Surgery was performed as per standard Ext DCR protocols with only anterior flap suturing. Data collected include demographics, clinical presentations, primary diagnosis, associated systemic anomalies, past interventions, indications for the surgery, use of adjuvants, intraoperative and post-operative complications, aetiology of DCR failure, anatomical and functional successes...
May 24, 2018: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792392/hemizygous-fabry-disease-associated-with-membranous-nephropathy-a-rare-case-report
#18
Wenyan Zhou, Zhaohui Ni, Minfang Zhang
BACKGROUND: Fabry disease may coexist with various glomerular diseases, including IgA nephropathy, focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, etc. In this study, we report a rare case of Fabry disease associated with membranous nephropathy (MN). CASE PRESENTATION: A 30-year-old man with nephrotic proteinuria, normal renal function, and no other extrarenal manifestations underwent a renal biopsy in February 2017. Light microscopy and immunofluorescence indicated MN (stage 1)...
May 24, 2018: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792347/fewer-adverse-effects-associated-with-a-modified-two-bag-intravenous-acetylcysteine-protocol-compared-to-traditional-three-bag-regimen-in-paracetamol-overdose
#19
Lars E Schmidt, Ditlev N Rasmussen, Tonny S Petersen, Ines M Macias-Perez, Leo Pavliv, Byron Kaelin, Richard C Dart, Kim Dalhoff
CONTEXT: The intravenous (IV) N-acetylcysteine (NAC) regimen used worldwide in paracetamol overdose is complex with three separate weight-based doses and is associated with a high incidence of adverse events including non-allergic anaphylactoid reactions (NAARs). In 2012, Denmark adopted the two-bag IV NAC regimen which combined the first two infusions of the three-bag regimen and kept the third infusion unchanged. We compared the safety and efficacy of the two-bag IV NAC regimen with the traditional Danish three-bag regimen...
May 24, 2018: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792342/misidentification-of-copperhead-and-cottonmouth-snakes-following-snakebites
#20
Robert D Cox, Christina S Parker, Erin C E Cox, Michael B Marlin, Robert L Galli
INTRODUCTION: Copperhead (Agkistrodon contortrix) and cottonmouth or water moccasin (Agkistrodon piscivorus) snakes account for the majority of venomous snakebites in the southern United States. Cottonmouth snakes are generally considered to have more potent venom. Copperheads are considered less venomous and there is some controversy as to whether or not bites from copperhead snakes need to be treated with antivenom. Copperhead and juvenile cottonmouth snakes are both brown in color...
May 24, 2018: Clinical Toxicology
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