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"neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523792/the-impact-of-calcineurin-inhibitors-on-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-and-fibroblast-growth-factor-23-in-long-term-kidney-transplant-patients
#1
Inger Hjørdis Bleskestad, Inga Strand Thorsen, Grete Jonsson, Øyvind Skadberg, Lasse Gunnar Gøransson
BACKGROUND: Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), a protein with bacteriostatic functions rapidly excreted from stimulated or damaged epithelial cells, is elevated in acute and chronic kidney disease. A calcineurin dependent signaling pathway for fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) has been revealed, but the effect of calcineurin inhibitors (CNIs) on the levels of NGAL and markers of mineral metabolism in long-term kidney transplant patients has not been explored. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 39 patients who received a first kidney transplant more than 10 years ago were split into two groups based on whether (n=28) or not (n=11) they used CNIs...
May 19, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522674/prognostic-value-of-urinary-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-on-the-first-day-of-admission-for-adverse-events-in-patients-with-acute-decompensated-heart-failure
#2
Yasuki Nakada, Rika Kawakami, Masaru Matsui, Tomoya Ueda, Tomoya Nakano, Akihiro Takitsume, Hitoshi Nakagawa, Taku Nishida, Kenji Onoue, Tsunenari Soeda, Satoshi Okayama, Makoto Watanabe, Hiroyuki Kawata, Hiroyuki Okura, Yoshihiko Saito
BACKGROUND: Urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (U-NGAL) is an early predictor of acute kidney injury and adverse events in various diseases; however, in acute decompensated heart failure patients, its significance remains poorly understood. This study aimed to investigate the prognostic value of U-NGAL on the first day of admission for the occurrence of acute kidney injury and long-term outcomes in acute decompensated heart failure patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 260 acute decompensated heart failure patients admitted to our department between 2011 and 2014 by measuring U-NGAL in 24-hour urine samples collected on the first day of admission...
May 18, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507626/follow-up-of-value-of-the-intrarenal-resistivity-indices-and-different-renal-biomarkers-for-early-identification-of-diabetic-nephropathy-in-type-1-diabetic-patients
#3
Soha Abd El Dayem, Abo El Magd El Bohy, Mona Hamed, Solaf Ahmed
AIM: To evaluate intrarenal resistivity index (RI) and different biomarkers of diabetic nephropathy (DN) with clinical signs of DN and its progression over time as early detection of DN. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This longitudinal study included 48 type 1 diabetic patients who were studied at baseline and after three years. A blood sample was taken for assessment of glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1), lipid profile and a urine sample was taken for assessment of albumin/creatinine ratio, Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), liver-type fatty acid binding protein (L-FABP) and kidney injury molecule-1 (Kim-1) at baseline and after three years...
April 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506129/kidney-injury-in-infants-and-children-with-iron-deficiency-anemia-before-and-after-iron-treatment
#4
Rasha H Hassan, Shaimaa M Kandil, Mayada S Zeid, Maysaa E Zaki, Ashraf E Fouda
BACKGROUND: Our study aimed to investigate the effects of iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) on renal tubular functions before and after iron treatment for infants and children with IDA. We measured urinary levels of two kidney injury markers: neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) and liver-type fatty acid-binding protein (L-FABP). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-six infants and children with IDA and 20 matched healthy controls were included. We assessed different laboratory parameters, estimated glomerular filtration rate, urinary levels of NGAL, and L-FABP...
May 16, 2017: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505627/endothelial-damage-signals-refractory-acute-kidney-injury-in-critically-ill-patients
#5
Theis S Itenov, Jens-Ulrik Jensen, Sisse R Ostrowski, Pär I Johansson, Katrin M Thormar, Jens D Lundgren, Morten H Bestle
Critically ill patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) are heterogeneous on pathophysiology and prognosis. The role of endothelial damage in the pathogenesis of refractory AKI has not been clarified. The aim was to determine if biomarkers of endothelial damage, independently of the inflammatory insult on the kidney, can predict recovery of acute kidney injury. METHODS: From the "Procalcitonin And Survival Study" multicenter intensive care unit cohort, followed for 28 days after admission, we included patients without chronic kidney disease, who survived >24 h after admission and with plasma samples at admission available for biomarker analysis...
June 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482803/serum-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-levels-predict-the-neurological-outcomes-of-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-victims
#6
Tadashi Kaneko, Motoki Fujita, Yasuaki Ogino, Takahiro Yamamoto, Ryosuke Tsuruta, Shunji Kasaoka
BACKGROUND: Serum neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) is a well-known biomarker of acute kidney injury. Serum NGAL was recently proposed as a potential predictor of mortality in post cardiac arrest syndrome (PCAS) patients following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). However, the potential predictive value of NGAL for neurological outcomes is unknown. Therefore, we assessed the potential predictive value of NGAL for neurological outcomes after OHCA. We also compared its predictive value with that of neuron-specific enolase (NSE) as an established biomarker...
May 8, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469399/a-novel-biomarker-panel-to-identify-steroid-resistance-in-childhood-idiopathic-nephrotic-syndrome
#7
Michael R Bennett, LaTawnya Pleasant, Christopher Haffner, Qing Ma, Wendy D Haffey, Jun Ying, Michael Wagner, Kenneth D Greis, Prasad Devarajan
Idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (NS) is the most common glomerular disorder of childhood. Response to initial treatment with corticosteroids is an indicator of prognosis, as resistant patients often present more progressive disease. In this cross-sectional pilot study, we set out to discover a panel of noninvasive biomarkers that could distinguish steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS) from steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome (SSNS). Information gleaned from such a panel could yield more individualized treatment plans and prevent unnecessary steroid exposure in patients unlikely to respond...
2017: Biomarker Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466691/salt-selection-matters-differential-renal-toxicity-with-mdv1634-maleate-versus-mdv1634-2hcl
#8
Mausumee Guha, Linh Nguyen, Florence Poitout-Belissent, Agathe Bedard, Kavita Raman
Salt forms of pharmaceutical compounds can have unique pharmacokinetic and toxicity properties. MDV1634 was evaluated for neurology indication and also demonstrated blood pressure (BP)-lowering effects in nonclinical studies. During the chemistry manufacturing campaign, 2 salt forms, dihydrochloride (2HCl) and maleate (MAL), which improved chemical stability and water solubility of the free base were identified. MDV1634.MAL showed better chemical attributes and was evaluated in toxicology studies for further development...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465698/effects-of-atorvastatin-on-biomarkers-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-amikacin-recipients-a-pilot-randomized-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#9
Behrooz Heydari, Hossein Khalili, Mohammad-Taghi Beigmohammadi, Alireza Abdollahi, Iman Karimzadeh
BACKGROUND: The most common clinical indication of aminoglycosides (AG) is the treatment of serious Gram-negative infections. The aim of this study was to evaluate plausible effects of atorvastatin on the biomarkers of acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients receiving amikacin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this double-blinded randomized clinical trial, fifty patients (25 in each group) receiving amikacin (15 mg/kg/day) were randomly assigned to either atorvastatin (40 mg/day) or placebo (40 mg/day) groups for 7 days...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454401/safety-and-effectiveness-of-localized-lung-resection-combined-with-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-in-the-treatment-of-stage-i-ii-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#10
Bing Zhu, Jianru Yang, Pei Zhang, Lin Shen, Xiaolong Li, Jing Li
This study was conducted to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of localized lung resection combined with neoadjuvant chemotherapy in the treatment of stage I-II non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). A total of 88 patients, who were admitted to our hospital for first diagnosis and treatment, were selected. The patients were divided into control group (n=40 cases) and observation group (n=48 cases) according to the last digit of the admission number. The control group was treated with minimally invasive localized lung resection by thoracoscope...
April 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452097/neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-accurately-predicts-renal-tubular-injury-in-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-b-administered-with-nucleos-t-ide-analogs
#11
Yao Zhang, Jing Li, Fahong Li, Xun Qi, Jiming Zhang
AIM: Little is currently known regarding the impact on tubular function in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) under long-term use of nucleos(t)ide analogs. Previous studies showed that neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) elevation was associated with renal tubular injury. We evaluated renal function markers and bone mineral density (BMD) in patients treated long-term with adefovir dipivoxil (ADV) or entecavir (ETV). METHODS: In this cross-sectional study,we enrolled 78 patients (ADV: 36, ETV: 42), and 21 patients matched for age, observation time, and baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) from each group...
April 28, 2017: Hepatology Research: the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445241/serum-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-a-diagnostic-marker-in-pediatric-sepsis
#12
Nagwan Yossery Saleh, Wafaa Moustafa M Abo El Fotoh, Mahmoud A El-Hawy
OBJECTIVES: Sepsis is a life-threatening condition that arises when the response of the body to infection injures its own tissues and organs. The early prediction of sepsis by current clinical and laboratory methods remains inadequate. Serum neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin level is increased in sepsis irrespective of renal dysfunction. Therefore, we aimed to correlate the serum neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin value determined at admission with clinical progression and severity of disease in critically ill children and to declare its role as a potential diagnostic and prognostic marker for sepsis in critically ill children in the emergency department...
April 25, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442951/renal-water-conservation-determines-the-increase-in-body-weight-after-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Robert G Hahn
BACKGROUND: The present study was undertaken to identify factors that correlate with the gain in body weight after surgery. METHODS: Twenty-one patients (median age of 49 years) were randomized to receive either Ringer × s acetate or 6% dextran 70 as their first infusion fluid during cholecystectomy or hysterectomy. Each patient's body weight was measured before the surgery and on the first postoperative morning. Blood and urine samples were analyzed for signs of stress, inflammation, and kidney injury...
April 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430754/biomarkers-for-early-acute-kidney-injury-diagnosis-and-severity-prediction-a-pilot-multicenter-canadian-study-of-children-admitted-to-the-icu
#14
Jennifer Palermo, Allison B Dart, Alanna De Mello, Prasad Devarajan, Ronald Gottesman, Gonzalo Garcia Guerra, Greg Hansen, Ari R Joffe, Cherry Mammen, Nick Majesic, Catherine Morgan, Peter Skippen, Michael Pizzi, Ana Palijan, Michael Zappitelli
OBJECTIVE: Acute kidney injury occurs early in PICU admission and increases risks for poor outcomes. We evaluated the feasibility of a multicenter acute kidney injury biomarker urine collection protocol and measured diagnostic characteristics of urine neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin, interleukin-18, and liver fatty acid binding protein to predict acute kidney injury and prolonged acute kidney injury. DESIGN: Prospective observational pilot cohort study...
April 20, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430696/sequential-analysis-of-a-panel-of-biomarkers-and-pathologic-findings-in-a-resuscitated-rat-model-of-sepsis-and-recovery
#15
Nishkantha Arulkumaran, Marije L Sixma, Elisa Jentho, Elias Ceravola, Paul S Bass, John A Kellum, Robert J Unwin, Fred W K Tam, Mervyn Singer
OBJECTIVES: To characterize the temporal pattern of a panel of blood and urinary biomarkers in an animal model of fecal peritonitis and recovery. DESIGN: Prospective observational animal study. SETTING: University research laboratory. SUBJECTS: Male Wistar rats. INTERVENTIONS: A fluid-resuscitated, long-term (3 d) rat model of sepsis (fecal peritonitis) and recovery was used to understand the temporal association of sepsis biomarkers in relation to systemic hemodynamics, inflammation, and renal function...
April 20, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424824/resistin-and-ngal-are-associated-with-inflammatory-response-endothelial-activation-and-clinical-outcomes-in-sepsis
#16
Stephen P J Macdonald, Erika Bosio, Claire Neil, Glenn Arendts, Sally Burrows, Lisa Smart, Simon G A Brown, Daniel M Fatovich
OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: Resistin and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) are upregulated in circulating leucocytes in sepsis, but the significance of this is uncertain. We evaluated associations between Resistin and NGAL with endothelial cell activation and clinical outcomes in a prospective observational study in the Emergency Department (ED). METHODS: Serum levels of Resistin, NGAL, inflammatory cytokines (IL-6, IL-10) and soluble endothelial adhesion molecules (VCAM-1, ICAM-1) were measured at defined time points up to 24 h...
April 19, 2017: Inflammation Research: Official Journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419138/clinical-significance-of-ngal-and-kim-1-for-acute-kidney-injury-in-patients-with-scrub-typhus
#17
In O Sun, Sung Hye Shin, A Young Cho, Hyun Ju Yoon, Mi Yok Chang, Kwang Young Lee
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to investigate the clinical significance of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) and kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) for acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients with scrub typhus. METHODS: From 2014 to 2015, 145 patients were diagnosed with scrub typhus. Of these, we enrolled 138 patients who were followed up until renal recovery or for at least 3 months. We measured serum and urine NGAL and KIM-1 levels and evaluated prognostic factors affecting scrub typhus-associated AKI...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417544/urine-biomarkers-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-noncritically-ill-hospitalized-children-treated-with-chemotherapy
#18
Maya Sterling, Zubaida Al-Ismaili, Kelly R McMahon, Melissa Piccioni, Michael Pizzi, Theresa Mottes, Larry C Lands, Sharon Abish, Adam J Fleming, Michael R Bennett, Ana Palijan, Prasad Devarajan, Stuart L Goldstein, Maureen M O'Brien, Michael Zappitelli
BACKGROUND: Cisplatin (Cis), carboplatin (Carb), and ifosfamide (Ifos) are common nephrotoxic chemotherapies. Biomarkers of tubular injury may allow for early acute kidney injury (AKI) diagnosis. PROCEDURE: We performed a two-center (Canada, United States) pilot study to prospectively measure serum creatinine (SCr), urine neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), and interleukin-18 (IL-18) in children receiving Cis/Carb (27 episodes), Ifos (30 episodes), and in 15 hospitalized, nonchemotherapy patients...
April 18, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415724/pharmacological-inhibition-of-src-kinase-protects-against-acute-kidney-injury-in-a-murine-model-of-renal-ischemia-reperfusion
#19
Chongxiang Xiong, Xiujuan Zang, Xiaoxu Zhou, Lirong Liu, Monica V Masucci, Jinhua Tang, Xuezhu Li, Na Liu, George Bayliss, Ting C Zhao, Shougang Zhuang
Activation of Src kinase has been implicated in the pathogenesis of acute brain, liver, and lung injury. However, the role of Src in acute kidney injury (AKI) remains unestablished. To address this, we evaluated the effects of Src inhibition on renal dysfunction and pathological changes in a murine model of AKI induced by ischemia/reperfusion (I/R). I/R injury to the kidney resulted in increased Src phosphorylation at tyrosine 416 (activation). Administration of PP1, a highly selective Src inhibitor, blocked Src phosphorylation, improved renal function and ameliorated renal pathological damage...
May 9, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413463/diagnostic-value-of-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-for-renal-injury-in-asphyxiated-preterm-infants
#20
Yu'E Song, Shuzhen Sun, Yonghui Yu, Gang Li, Jia Song, Hong Zhang, Chunmei Yan
The aim of the present study was to analyze the diagnostic value of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) in renal injury in asphyxiated preterm infants. In total, 48 cases of asphyxiated preterm infants, 45 cases of premature infants and 45 cases of normal newborn infants were included in the study. Using ELISA we evaluated the level of urine NGAL, kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1), cystatin C (Cys-C) and serum creatinine (Scr). We also calculated the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)...
April 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
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