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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881275/the-living-with-medicines-questionnaire-translation-and-cultural-adaptation-into-the-arabic-context
#1
Amani Zidan, Ahmed Awaisu, Sanah Hasan, Nadir Kheir
BACKGROUND: The Living with Medicines Questionnaire (LMQ) was developed in English language to assess, from a patient's perspective, issues related to the burden resulting from the use of medicines. OBJECTIVES: To translate and culturally adapt the LMQ into the Arabic language and context. METHODS: Permission to translate the LMQ was obtained from the original developers, and a protocol for its translation and cultural adaptation was developed using the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research guidelines for the translation and cultural adaptation of patient-reported outcome measures...
September 2016: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692902/dnm3-and-genetic-modifiers-of-age-of-onset-in-lrrk2-gly2019ser-parkinsonism-a-genome-wide-linkage-and-association-study
#2
Joanne Trinh, Emil K Gustavsson, Carles Vilariño-Güell, Stephanie Bortnick, Jeanne Latourelle, Marna B McKenzie, Chelsea Szu Tu, Ekaterina Nosova, Jaskaran Khinda, Austen Milnerwood, Suzanne Lesage, Alexis Brice, Meriem Tazir, Jan O Aasly, Laura Parkkinen, Hazal Haytural, Tatiana Foroud, Richard H Myers, Samia Ben Sassi, Emna Hentati, Fatma Nabli, Emna Farhat, Rim Amouri, Fayçal Hentati, Matthew J Farrer
BACKGROUND: Leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) mutation 6055G→A (Gly2019Ser) accounts for roughly 1% of patients with Parkinson's disease in white populations, 13-30% in Ashkenazi Jewish populations, and 30-40% in North African Arab-Berber populations, although age of onset is variable. Some carriers have early-onset parkinsonism, whereas others remain asymptomatic despite advanced age. We aimed to use a genome-wide approach to identify genetic variability that directly affects LRRK2 Gly2019Ser penetrance...
November 2016: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686310/research-productivity-of-gulf-cooperation-council-gcc-countries-in-science-and-social-sciences
#3
Sultan Ayoub Meo, Abdul Latif Mahesar, Saeed Ahmed Sheikh, Kamran Sattar, Ishfaq A Bukhari
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the research progress of Gulf Cooperation Council countries in science and social sciences. METHODS: This study was conducted in the Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, from June 2014 to February 2015.All research documents related to the 1996-2013 period having an affiliation with Gulf Cooperation Council countries, including Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain and Oman, were tracked...
October 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516652/a-review-of-possible-herbal-treatment-in-multiple-sclerosis-in-traditional-persian-medicine
#4
Rahil Ghanavati, Foroogh Namjoyan, Hosein Rezaee Zadeh
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory disease of central nervous system (CNS) and is the most common cause of neurologic disability in young adults (20-40 years old). About 2.5 million patients all over the world are suffering from MS. Common symptoms of the disease include sensory disorders, optic neuritis, and limb weakness. Following disease progression, other symptoms like fatigue, bladder disorders, and cognitive impairment also occur. Traditional Persian medicine (TPM) is an ancient medical system from 6000 years ago in Persia, where Iran was its most important state...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27419083/ethnobotanical-magnitude-towards-sustainable-utilization-of-wild-foliage-in-arabian-desert
#5
Prakash C Phondani, Arvind Bhatt, Esam Elsarrag, Yousef A Horr
The present investigation was deals with identifying traditional uses of medicinal plants for curing a variety of ailments and degree of religious conservation for retention of ethnobotanical knowledge. The study was carried out in the State of Qatar to document the ethnobotanical uses of 58 medicinally important plant species including identification, botanical name, Arabic name, family, habit, habitat, distribution pattern, and the plant parts used for curing variety of ailments. The documented species belong to 54 plant genera and 30 botanical families...
July 2016: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27382475/contribution-of-arab-countries-to-pharmaceutical-wastewater-literature-a-bibliometric-and-comparative-analysis-of-research-output
#6
Sa'ed H Zyoud, Shaher H Zyoud, Samah W Al-Jabi, Waleed M Sweileh, Rahmat Awang
BACKGROUND: Recently, the pharmaceutical manufacturing industry has been growing rapidly in many countries in the world, including in Arab countries. Pharmaceuticals reach aquatic environments and are prevalent at small concentrations in wastewater from the drug manufacturing industry and hospitals. Such presence also occurs in domestic wastewater and results from the disposal of unused and expired medicines. Therefore, the objective of this study was to analyze and compare the quantity and quality of publications made by researchers in Arab countries on pharmaceutical wastewater...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27374768/translation-and-validation-of-the-arabic-version-of-generic-medicines-scale
#7
Qais Alefan, Aseel Karasneh, Faris El-Dahiyat, Mohd Alshara, Dania Abu-Naser
BACKGROUND: Generic drugs are considered the best alternative for the originator brand drugs because they have the same quality, safety, and efficacy yet offered at considerbaly lower cost. Prior research has developed instrumentation to assess patients' perceptions of generic drugs; however, little has been done to translate these measures in other languages. OBJECTIVES: This study's aim was to translate and validate an Arabic version of the generic drug scale (GMS) in a Jordanian sample...
June 3, 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27302455/acceptability-of-the-urban-family-medicine-project-among-physicians-a-cross-sectional-study-of-medical-offices-iran
#8
Elham Movahed Kor, Arash Rashidian, Mostafa Hosseini, Farbod Ebadi Fard Azar, Mohammad Arab
INTRODUCTION: It is essential to organize private physicians in urban areas by developing urban family medicine in Iran. Acceptance of this project is currently low among physicians. The present research determined the factors affecting acceptability of the Urban Family Medicine Project among physicians working in the private sector of Mazandaran and Fars provinces in Iran. METHODS: This descriptive-analytical and cross-sectional study was conducted in Mazandaran and Fars provinces...
1, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27168944/avicenna-s-view-on-the-etiologies-of-intestinal-obstruction
#9
REVIEW
Zahra Moradi, Mehdi Besharat, Bagher Minaiee, Jale Aliasl, Zohreh Parsa Yekta, Mohsen Nasiri Toosi
CONTEXT: Bowel obstruction is one of the most common causes of acute abdomen. Because of heterogeneity of patients' population and variety of causes, therapeutic strategies are not standardized, so treatment of intestinal obstruction is a surgical challenge in many cases. A traditional medicine approach could help detect some issues that were ignored by modern medicine. One of the major schools of medicine, with a history of several thousand years, is Iranian traditional medicine. In this regard, Avicenna, who lived in the medieval period, has had a great influence on the medical knowledge of the world by writing an encyclopedia of medicine entitled "Qanun of Medicine...
February 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27155666/exploring-an-herbal-wonder-cure-for-cancer-a-multidisciplinary-approach
#10
Eran Ben-Arye, Jamal Mahajna, Radi Aly, Mohammed Saleem Ali-Shtayeh, Yedidia Bentur, Efraim Lev, Gary Deng, Noah Samuels
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVES: The unmonitored use of herbal medicinal remedies by patients with cancer presents a significant challenge to oncology healthcare professionals. We describe an increasingly popular herbal "wonder drug," Ephedra foeminea (Alanda in Arabic), whose use has spread from the Palestinian patient population throughout the Middle East. We conducted a multicentered and multidisciplinary collaborative research effort in order to understand the potential benefits and harms of this popular herbal remedy...
July 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27095177/genetics-of-multifactorial-disorders-proceedings-of-the-6th-pan-arab-human-genetics-conference
#11
Pratibha Nair, Sami Bizzari, Nirmal Rajah, Nada Assaf, Mahmoud Taleb Al-Ali, Abdul Rezzak Hamzeh
The 6th Pan Arab Human Genetics Conference (PAHGC), "Genetics of Multifactorial Disorders" was organized by the Center for Arab Genomic Studies (http://www.cags.org.ae) in Dubai, United Arab Emirates from 21 to 23 January, 2016. The PAHGCs are held biennially to provide a common platform to bring together regional and international geneticists to share their knowledge and to discuss common issues. Over 800 delegates attended the first 2 days of the conference and these came from various medical and scientific backgrounds...
2016: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27060885/a-modified-delphi-study-of-structures-and-processes-related-to-medicines-management-for-elderly-hospitalised-patients-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#12
Saeed Al Shemeili, Susan Klein, Alison Strath, Saleh Fares, Derek Stewart
RATIONALE AND AIM: The structures and processes around the management of medicines for elderly, hospitalized patients are ill defined. This study aimed to determine consensus related to strategic and operational approaches in the United Arab Emirates. METHODS: A modified Delphi technique, consensus study with first round statements developed from systematic reviews related to medicines management. Normalization process theory and the theoretical domains framework were applied in the construction of statements, organized into key elements of medicines management: guidelines for medicines management, medicines reconciliation, medicines selection, prescribing and review, medicines adherence, medicines counselling, health professional training and evaluation research...
October 2016: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26890129/predictors-of-delayed-healthcare-seeking-among-american-muslim-women
#13
Milkie Vu, Alia Azmat, Tala Radejko, Aasim I Padela
BACKGROUND: Delayed care seeking is associated with adverse health outcomes. For Muslim women, delayed care seeking might include religion-related motivations, such as a preference for female clinicians, concerns about preserving modesty, and fatalistic beliefs. Our study assesses associations between religion-related factors and delayed care seeking due to a perceived lack of female clinicians. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Surveys were distributed to Muslim women attending mosque and community events in Chicago...
June 2016: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26816591/effective-communication-barriers-in-clinical-teaching-among-malaysian-medical-students-in-zagazig-faculty-of-medicine-egypt
#14
Marwa Ahmed Abass, Nagwa Samy Said, Eman Salah El Zahed, Wafaa Fawzy Hussein, Omaima Ibrahim Abdel Hamid
INTRODUCTION: effective communication in a clinical environment plays a vital role in patient assessment and treatment. The aim of this study was to understand the experiences of Malaysian medical students concerning communication barriers during clinical practice. The goal was to provide answers for three important research questions, i.e., 1) Are communication barriers an impediment to Malaysian students during clinical teaching? 2) What is the nature of the language barriers that the students encounter? and 3) What are the best ways of reducing these barriers during clinical teaching? METHODS: The qualitative method was used to conduct the research, and open-ended questionnaires were used to collect the data...
December 2015: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26721552/management-of-usr-i-tamth-menstrual-pain-in-unani-greco-islamic-medicine
#15
Arshiya Sultana, Syed Lamatunoor, Mazherunnisa Begum, Q N Qhuddsia
Usr-i-tamth in Unani (Greco-Arabic) medicine is pain associated with menstruation, and classical manuscripts are enriched with traditional knowledge for the management of usr-i-tamth (menstrual pain/dysmenorrhoea). Hence, a comprehensive search was undertaken to find classical manuscripts for the management of menstrual pain was. We searched the Cochrane database, PubMed/Google Scholar, and other websites for articles on complementary and alternative medicine treatment and management of menstrual pain. The principal management as per Unani manuscripts is to produce analgesia and to treat the cause of usr-i-tamth such as abnormal temperament, menstrual irregularities/uterine diseases, and psychological and environmental factors...
December 30, 2015: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26702911/dr-stanko-sielski-1891-1958-physician-scientist-humanist
#16
Husref Tahirović
UNLABELLED: This work presents the results of research into the life and work of Dr. Stanko Sielski, related to his professional, scientific and humanitarian work. He was born in Gračanica, Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH) in 1891, to a family of Polish origins. He attended high school in Travnik and completed his studies of medicine in Vienna in 1919. During the First World War he served on the frontlines with the Austro- Hungarian army. He began his service as a doctor in Konjic, Prozor and Glamoč, and then worked in Varcar Vakuf, Zenica, Travnik, Bihać, Banja Luka, Sarajevo and Tuzla...
2015: Acta Medica Academica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26692983/career-choice-and-primary-care-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#17
Nicoline Schiess, Halah Ibrahim, Sami Shaban, Maria Nichole Perez, Satish Chandrasekhar Nair
BACKGROUND: The low number of medical trainees entering primary care is contributing to the lack of access to primary care services in many countries. Despite the need for primary care physicians in the Middle East, there is limited information regarding trainees' career choices, a critical determinant in the supply of primary care physicians. OBJECTIVE: We analyzed the career choices of medical students in the United Arab Emirates (UAE), with a larger goal of reforming postgraduate training in the region and enhancing the focus on primary care...
December 2015: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26687846/opportunities-and-barriers-to-enhance-research-capacity-and-outputs-among-academic-family-physicians-in-the-arab-world
#18
Maya H Romani, Ghassan N Hamadeh, Dina M Mahmassani, Adel A K AlBeri, Abdul-Munem Y AlDabbagh, Taghreed M Farahat, Mohammed A AlShafaee, Najla A Lakkis
AIM: To explore the current status of academic primary care research in Arab countries and investigate the barriers to its adequate implementation. BACKGROUND: Research is an essential building block that ensures the advancement of the discipline of Family Medicine (FM). FM research thus ought to be contributed to by all family physicians; nevertheless, its development is being hindered worldwide by several challenges. The amount of research conducted by academic academic family physicians and general practitioners is scant...
January 2016: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26583887/the-saudi-human-genome-program-an-oasis-in-the-desert-of-arab-medicine-is-providing-clues-to-genetic-disease
#19
REVIEW
Saudi Genome Project Team
Oil wells, endless deserts, stifling heat, masses of pilgrims, and wealthy-looking urban areas still dominate the widespread mental image of Saudi Arabia. Currently, this image is being extended to include a recent endeavor that is reserving a global share in the limelight as one of the top ten genomics projects currently underway: the Saudi Human Genome Program (SHGP). With sound funding, dedicated resources, and national determination, the SHGP targets the sequencing of 100,000 human genomes over the next five years to conduct world-class genomics-based biomedical research in the Saudi population...
November 2015: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26499504/an-exploration-of-health-professionals-experiences-of-medicines-management-in-elderly-hospitalised-patients-in-abu-dhabi
#20
Saeed Al Shemeili, Susan Klein, Alison Strath, Saleh Fares, Derek Stewart
BACKGROUND: Given the multiplicity of issues relating to medicines in the elderly, the structures and processes of medicines management should be clearly defined and described to optimise patient outcomes. There is a paucity of research which provides an in-depth exploration of these elements of medicines management for elderly patients. OBJECTIVES: This study explored health professionals’ experiences of medicines management for elderly, hospitalised patients in Abu Dhabi...
February 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
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