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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629668/using-dna-barcoding-to-detect-adulteration-in-different-herbal-plant-based-products-in-the-united-arab-emirates-proof-of-concept-and-validation
#1
Kareem A Mosa, Sameh Soliman, Ali El-Keblawy, Muna Abdalla Ali, Hessa Ali Hassan, Aysha Ali Bin Tamim, Moza Mohamed Al-Ali
Commercially available herbal and medicinal plants-based products are susceptible to substitution or contamination with other unlabeled or undesired materials. This will reduce the quality of the product, and may lead to intoxication and allergy. DNA Barcoding is a molecular technology that allows the identification of plant materials at the species level, by sequencing short stretches of standardized gene sequences from nuclear or organelle genome in an easy, rapid, accurate and cost-effective manner. The aim of this research is to apply DNA barcoding to investigate the authenticity of commercially available herbal and medicinal plant-based products within the UAE markets...
April 8, 2018: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623832/herbs-with-potential-nephrotoxic-effects-according-to-traditional-persian-medicine-review-and-assessment-of-scientific-evidence
#2
Fatemeh Kolangi, Zahra Memariani, Mahboubeh Bozorgi, Seyyed Ali Mozaffarpur, Mohaddeseh Mirzapour
BACKGROUND: The increased use of herbal remedies particularly in patients with kidney diseases indicated the importance of studies which focused on nephrotoxic plants. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to review and assess the kidney-damaging herbs mentioned in the Persian medicine [PM] books. METHODS: The main PM books were searched for nephrotoxic herbs and their relevant reformers traditionally proposed for preventing renal damage. PubMed, Scopus and Google Scholar were investigated for evaluation of the scientific evidence relating to the nephrotoxicity of herbs...
April 3, 2018: Current Drug Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521241/beta-vulgaris-a-mini-review-of-traditional-uses-in-iran-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology
#3
Shokouhsadat Hamedi, Masoud Honarvar
BACKGROUND: Beta vulgaris (family: Chenopodiacea) is now much used in the food industry as a rich source of sugar but it is much less considered in medicine. Beet has been used in traditional medicine for hundreds of years to treat a variety of diseases such as constipation, decreased libido, gut and joint pain and dandruff. METHODS: This study introduced the benefits of Beta vulgaris by reviewing of Iranian traditional documents from 10th century until now and also compared modern phytotherapy of plant beet from the electronic data banks such as ISI, Pub Med and Scopus with findings that extracted from traditional literature...
March 8, 2018: Current Drug Discovery Technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445343/medicinal-plants-from-near-east-for-cancer-therapy
#4
REVIEW
Mohammad S Abu-Darwish, Thomas Efferth
Background: Cancer is one of the major problems affecting public health worldwide. As other cultures, the populations of the Near East rely on medicinal herbs and their preparations to fight cancer. Methods: We compiled data derived from historical ethnopharmacological information as well as in vitro and in vivo results and clinical findings extracted from different literature databases including (PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and Google Scholar) during the past two decades. Results: In this survey, we analyzed the huge amount of data available on anticancer ethnopharmacological sources used in the Near East...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402177/in-vitro-modeling-of-leucine-rich-repeat-kinase-2-lrrk2-g2019s-mediated-parkinson-s-disease-pathology
#5
Scott C Vermilyea, Marina Emborg
Leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) G2019S (glycine to serine) is the most common mutation associated with sporadic and familial Parkinson's disease (PD) with 80% penetrance by age 70. This mutation is found worldwide, with up to 40% of individuals in the North African Arab population carrying the mutation. Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) derived from fibroblasts of patients carrying the LRRK2 G2019S mutation have been a critical source of cells for generating dopaminergic neurons and studying G2019S-related pathology...
February 5, 2018: Stem Cells and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259813/sport-and-exercise-medicine-research-activity-in-the-arab-world-a-15-year-bibliometric-analysis
#6
Mohamad Y Fares, Jawad Fares, Hasan Baydoun, Youssef Fares
Background: The role of sports in decreasing the prevalence of many diseases has led to a growing interest in the field of sport and exercise medicine. But sport and exercise medicine still remains new to the Arab world, waiting to be explored. The aim of this study is to describe and characterise sport and exercise medicine research activity in the Arab world between 2002 and 2016. Methods: The PubMed database was used to search for publications related to sport and exercise medicine...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221525/peer-reviewed-veterinary-journals-from-arabic-speaking-countries-a-systematic-review
#7
Kristen M Robertson, Jacquelyn E Bowser, Joshua Bernstein, Basil H Aboul-Enein
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of diseases of foodborne and zoonotic origin in Arabic-speaking countries highlights the importance of collaboration between human and animal health professionals. However, accessibility of research and evidence-based practices in these countries is not well characterized. This brief report determines the availability of professional veterinary journals within the Arabic-speaking region. METHODS: An electronic search using 6 databases assessed for publication period, activity status, and available languages incorporated all aspects of veterinary medicine and specialties...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989244/herbal-drugs-from-sudan-traditional-uses-and-phytoconstituents
#8
REVIEW
Mohamed Gamaleldin Elsadig Karar, Nikolai Kuhnert
Sudan folklore medicine is characterized by a unique combination of Islamic, Arabic, and African cultures. In poor communities, traditional medicine has remained as the most reasonable source of treatment of several diseases and microbial infections. Although the traditional medicine is accepted in Sudan, to date there is no updated review available, which focuses on most effective and frequently used Sudanese medicinal plants. Thus, this review aims to summarize the published information on the ethnobotanical uses of medicinal plants from Sudan, preparation methods, phytochemistry, and ethnopharmacology...
July 2017: Pharmacognosy Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944731/the-fda-unapproved-drugs-initiative-an-observational-study-of-the-consequences-for-drug-prices-and-shortages-in-the-united-states
#9
Ravi Gupta, Sanket S Dhruva, Erin R Fox, Joseph S Ross
BACKGROUND: Hundreds of drug products are currently marketed in the United States without approval from the FDA. The 2006 Unapproved Drugs Initiative (UDI) requires manufacturers to remove these drug products from the market or obtain FDA approval by demonstrating evidence of safety and efficacy. Once the FDA acts against an unapproved drug, fewer manufacturers remain in the market, potentially enabling drug price increases and greater susceptibility to drug shortages. There is a need for systematic study of the UDI's effect on prices and shortages of all targeted drugs...
October 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812022/histopathologic-differences-between-jewish-and-arab-population-in-israel-at-first-time-presentation-with-bladder-cancer
#10
Ofir Avitan, Zaher Bahouth, Sarel Halachmi, Sagi Shprits, Ismail Masarwa, Edmond Sabo, Boaz Moskovitz, Ofer Nativ
BACKGROUND: Pathology of urothelial carcinoma may vary in different populations at diagnosis. Our aim was to evaluate the histopathologic differences between Jewish and Arab patients in Israel at first diagnosis of urothelial cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively collected data of all patients with confirmed urothelial cancer, treated at our department between January 2010 and January 2015. We examined the distribution of the histopathologic data among the studied populations...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802231/phytochemical-properties-and-pharmacological-effects-of-quercus-ilex-l-aqueous-extract-on-gastrointestinal-physiological-parameters-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#11
Kaïs Rtibi, Imen Hammami, Slimen Selmi, Dhekra Grami, Hichem Sebai, Mohamed Amri, Lamjed Marzouki
INTRODUCTION: Several research studies have reported on the pharmacological relevance of the medicinal plants used for treating various gastrointestinal disorders and controlling the dietary glucose uptake in the intestinal tract. METHODS: Male rats were used to investigate the pharmacological effects of green oak acorn aqueous extract (GOAE) on gastrointestinal physiological parameters in vivo and in vitro. In this respect, the gastro-intestinal motility and hypersecretion essays were evaluated using a simple test meal (10% charcoal in 5% gum arabic) and castor oil induced diarrhea...
October 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791242/an-online-academic-writing-and-publishing-skills-course-help-syrians-find-their-voice
#12
Ammar Sabouni, Abdelkader Chaar, Yamama Bdaiwi, Abdulrahman Masrani, Heba Abolaban, Fares Alahdab, Belal Firwana, Ahmad Al-Moujahed
PURPOSE: A group of Arab-American physicians and researchers in the United States organized a blended online course in academic writing and publishing in medicine targeting medical students and physicians in war-torn Syria. This was an effort to address one of the reasons behind the poor quantity and quality of scientific research papers in Syria and the Arab region. In this paper, we report on the design, conduct, and outcome of this course and attempt to evaluate its effectiveness. METHODS: The educational intervention was a 2-month blended online course...
July 2017: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690885/cancer-research-in-the-arab-world-a-review-of-publications-from-seven-countries-between-2000-2013
#13
REVIEW
Randah R Hamadeh, Saif M Borgan, Abla M Sibai
This review aimed to examine trends in cancer research in the Arab world and identify existing research gaps. A search of the MEDLINE® database (National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, Maryland, USA) was undertaken for all cancer-related publications published between January 2000 and December 2013 from seven countries, including Bahrain, Kuwait, Iraq, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine and Sudan. A total of 1,773 articles were identified, with a significant increase in yearly publications over time (P <0.005)...
May 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574760/targeting-future-customers-an-introductory-biobanking-course-for-undergraduate-students-of-life-sciences
#14
Ahmed Samir Abdelhafiz, Merhan Ahmed Fouda, Shaimaa Ibrahim El-Jaafary, Maysa Ibrahim Farghly, Mazen Salem, Ahmed Tammam, Hala Gabr
INTRODUCTION: Biobanking is a relatively new concept in the Arab region. Targeting different stakeholders to introduce the concept of biobanking and develop an acceptance of it among them is important for the growth of biobanking in the region. Undergraduate students of life sciences represent an important segment of stakeholders, since they constitute potential future biobank customers. Limited funding, lack of awareness of the existence of the term "biobanking" itself among these students, and questions regarding best marketing strategies presented challenges to planning for the most effective message delivery to this target group...
August 2017: Biopreservation and Biobanking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494847/history-of-cupping-hijama-a-narrative-review-of-literature
#15
REVIEW
Naseem Akhtar Qureshi, Gazzaffi Ibrahim Ali, Tamer Shaban Abushanab, Ahmed Tawfik El-Olemy, Meshari Saleh Alqaed, Ibrahim S El-Subai, Abdullah M N Al-Bedah
Cupping (Hijama in Arabic) is an ancient, holistic method for the treatment of a variety of diseases. Though the exact origin of cupping therapy is a matter of controversy, its use has been documented in early Egyptian and Chinese medical practices. Diverse human civilizations have contributed to the historical development and continuation of cupping therapy. This narrative review describes the history of cupping, historical definitions, cupping instruments and uses of cupping therapy. Electronic searches of relevant databases (PubMed, Google Scholar and OvidSP) were conducted using keywords and Boolean operators...
May 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417090/role-of-traditional-islamic-and-arabic-plants-in-cancer-therapy
#16
REVIEW
Rizwan Ahmad, Niyaz Ahmad, Atta Abbas Naqvi, Adeeb Shehzad, Mastour Safer Al-Ghamdi
ETHNO PHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: This review article underlines individual Traditional Islamic and Arabic plant (TAI) and their role in treating cancer. The aim of the study is to specifically evaluate the progress of herbs, Arabic and Islamic traditional herbs in particular, applied in cancer treatment, so far. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Islamic and Arabic plants were selected and identified through different literature survey using "Google scholar", "Web of science", "Scopus" and "PubMed"...
April 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316989/quality-of-spine-surgery-research-from-the-arab-countries-a-systematic-review-and-bibliometric-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Saleh S Baeesa, Yazid Maghrabi, Abdul Karim Msaddi, Richard Assaker
Purpose. The purpose of our study is to evaluate the level of evidence (LOE) of spine surgery publications in the Arab countries and compare it with standard international literature in spine surgery and to determine the stand of the Arab nations academic production with that of the global one. Methods. An online search using "PubMed" and "Google Scholar" was carried out, using search terms related to spine surgery such as "Spine surgery," "Scoliosis," "Herniated disc." Each article was reviewed and graded by two reviewers using Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine (OCEBM) Levels of Evidence scale...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292291/traditional-arabic-islamic-medicine-validation-and-empirical-assessment-of-a-conceptual-model-in-qatar
#18
Sara N AlRawi, Amal Khidir, Maha S Elnashar, Huda A Abdelrahim, Amal K Killawi, Maya M Hammoud, Michael D Fetters
BACKGROUND: Evidence indicates traditional medicine is no longer only used for the healthcare of the poor, its prevalence is also increasing in countries where allopathic medicine is predominant in the healthcare system. While these healing practices have been utilized for thousands of years in the Arabian Gulf, only recently has a theoretical model been developed illustrating the linkages and components of such practices articulated as Traditional Arabic & Islamic Medicine (TAIM). Despite previous theoretical work presenting development of the TAIM model, empirical support has been lacking...
March 14, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155017/implementing-standardized-inter-unit-communication-in-an-international-setting-handoff-of-patients-from-emergency-medicine-to-internal-medicine
#19
Kamna S Balhara, Susan M Peterson, Mohamed Moheb Elabd, Linda Regan, Xavier Anton, Basil Ali Al-Natour, Yu-Hsiang Hsieh, James Scheulen, Sarah A Stewart de Ramirez
Standardized handoffs may reduce communication errors, but research on handoff in community and international settings is lacking. Our study at a community hospital in the United Arab Emirates characterizes existing handoff practices for admitted patients from emergency medicine (EM) to internal medicine (IM), develops a standardized handoff tool, and assesses its impact on communication and physician perceptions. EM physicians completed a survey regarding handoff practices and expectations. Trained observers utilized a checklist based on the Systems Engineering Initiative for Patient Safety model to observe 40 handoffs...
February 3, 2017: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124964/-investigation-of-the-prevalence-of-trichomonas-vaginalis-among-female-syrian-refugees-with-the-complaints-of-vaginitis-aged-between-15-49-years
#20
Nebiye Yentür Doni, Mustafa Aksoy, Zeynep Şimşek, Gülcan Gürses, Neşe Gül Hilali, Fadile Yıldız Zeyrek, Behire Özek, Gökhan Yıldırımkaya
Since the Syrian civil war began in 2011, most of the Syrian refugees have immigrated to Turkey due to its open gate policy and the width of the border. By the end of 2015, it was estimated that there were 2.5 million Syrian refugees in Turkey. Many of the Syrian refugees live in Sanliurfa due to its location on the border with Syria. Trichomonas vaginalis, apart from viral agents is the most common parasite among sexually transmitted infection agents. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of T...
October 2016: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
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