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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494847/history-of-cupping-hijama-a-narrative-review-of-literature
#1
REVIEW
Naseem Akhtar Qureshi, Gazzaffi Ibrahim Ali, Tamer Shaban Abushanab, Ahmed Tawfik El-Olemy, Meshari Saleh Alqaed, Ibrahim S El-Subai, Abdullah M N Al-Bedah
Cupping (Hijama in Arabic) is an ancient, holistic method for the treatment of a variety of diseases. Though the exact origin of cupping therapy is a matter of controversy, its use has been documented in early Egyptian and Chinese medical practices. Diverse human civilizations have contributed to the historical development and continuation of cupping therapy. This narrative review describes the history of cupping, historical definitions, cupping instruments and uses of cupping therapy. Electronic searches of relevant databases (PubMed, Google Scholar and OvidSP) were conducted using keywords and Boolean operators...
May 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417090/role-of-traditional-islamic-and-arabic-plants-in-cancer-therapy
#2
REVIEW
Rizwan Ahmad, Niyaz Ahmad, Atta Abbas Naqvi, Adeeb Shehzad, Mastour Safer Al-Ghamdi
ETHNO PHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: This review article underlines individual Traditional Islamic and Arabic plant (TAI) and their role in treating cancer. The aim of the study is to specifically evaluate the progress of herbs, Arabic and Islamic traditional herbs in particular, applied in cancer treatment, so far. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Islamic and Arabic plants were selected and identified through different literature survey using "Google scholar", "Web of science", "Scopus" and "PubMed"...
April 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316989/quality-of-spine-surgery-research-from-the-arab-countries-a-systematic-review-and-bibliometric-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Saleh S Baeesa, Yazid Maghrabi, Abdul Karim Msaddi, Richard Assaker
Purpose. The purpose of our study is to evaluate the level of evidence (LOE) of spine surgery publications in the Arab countries and compare it with standard international literature in spine surgery and to determine the stand of the Arab nations academic production with that of the global one. Methods. An online search using "PubMed" and "Google Scholar" was carried out, using search terms related to spine surgery such as "Spine surgery," "Scoliosis," "Herniated disc." Each article was reviewed and graded by two reviewers using Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine (OCEBM) Levels of Evidence scale...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292291/traditional-arabic-islamic-medicine-validation-and-empirical-assessment-of-a-conceptual-model-in-qatar
#4
Sara N AlRawi, Amal Khidir, Maha S Elnashar, Huda A Abdelrahim, Amal K Killawi, Maya M Hammoud, Michael D Fetters
BACKGROUND: Evidence indicates traditional medicine is no longer only used for the healthcare of the poor, its prevalence is also increasing in countries where allopathic medicine is predominant in the healthcare system. While these healing practices have been utilized for thousands of years in the Arabian Gulf, only recently has a theoretical model been developed illustrating the linkages and components of such practices articulated as Traditional Arabic & Islamic Medicine (TAIM). Despite previous theoretical work presenting development of the TAIM model, empirical support has been lacking...
March 14, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155017/implementing-standardized-inter-unit-communication-in-an-international-setting-handoff-of-patients-from-emergency-medicine-to-internal-medicine
#5
Kamna S Balhara, Susan M Peterson, Mohamed Moheb Elabd, Linda Regan, Xavier Anton, Basil Ali Al-Natour, Yu-Hsiang Hsieh, James Scheulen, Sarah A Stewart de Ramirez
Standardized handoffs may reduce communication errors, but research on handoff in community and international settings is lacking. Our study at a community hospital in the United Arab Emirates characterizes existing handoff practices for admitted patients from emergency medicine (EM) to internal medicine (IM), develops a standardized handoff tool, and assesses its impact on communication and physician perceptions. EM physicians completed a survey regarding handoff practices and expectations. Trained observers utilized a checklist based on the Systems Engineering Initiative for Patient Safety model to observe 40 handoffs...
February 3, 2017: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124964/-investigation-of-the-prevalence-of-trichomonas-vaginalis-among-female-syrian-refugees-with-the-complaints-of-vaginitis-aged-between-15-49-years
#6
Nebiye Yentür Doni, Mustafa Aksoy, Zeynep Şimşek, Gülcan Gürses, Neşe Gül Hilali, Fadile Yıldız Zeyrek, Behire Özek, Gökhan Yıldırımkaya
Since the Syrian civil war began in 2011, most of the Syrian refugees have immigrated to Turkey due to its open gate policy and the width of the border. By the end of 2015, it was estimated that there were 2.5 million Syrian refugees in Turkey. Many of the Syrian refugees live in Sanliurfa due to its location on the border with Syria. Trichomonas vaginalis, apart from viral agents is the most common parasite among sexually transmitted infection agents. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of T...
October 2016: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989385/cannabis-and-epilepsy-an-ancient-treatment-returns-to-the-fore
#7
REVIEW
Ethan B Russo
Cannabis has been associated with the treatment of epilepsy throughout history, and if ancient Assyrian sources referring to "hand of ghost" are considered credible, this relationship may span four millennia. A tradition of usage continued in Arabic medicine and Ayurvedic practice in India, which led, in turn, to early experiments in Europe and North America with "Indian hemp." Lack of standardization, bioavailability issues, and ultimately prohibition were all factors in cannabis-based medicines failing to maintain mainstream usage in seizure treatment, but investigation was resumed in the 1970s with interesting signals noted in both laboratory and clinical settings...
December 15, 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955739/phytochemical-overview-and-medicinal-importance-of-coffea-species-from-the-past-until-now
#8
REVIEW
Éva Brigitta Patay, Tímea Bencsik, Nóra Papp
Coffea (coffee) species are grown in almost all countries along the Equator. Many members of the genus have a large production history and an important role both in the global market and researches. Seeds (Coffeae semen) are successfully used in food, cosmetic, and pharmaceutical industries due to its caffeine and high polyphenol content. Nowadays, the three best-known coffee species are Arabic (Coffea arabica L.), Robusta (Coffea robusta L. Linden), and Liberian coffees (Coffea liberica Hiern.). Even though, many records are available on coffee in scientific literature, wild coffee species like Bengal coffee (Coffea benghalensis Roxb...
December 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881275/the-living-with-medicines-questionnaire-translation-and-cultural-adaptation-into-the-arabic-context
#9
Amani Zidan, Ahmed Awaisu, Sanah Hasan, Nadir Kheir
BACKGROUND: The Living with Medicines Questionnaire (LMQ) was developed in English language to assess, from a patient's perspective, issues related to the burden resulting from the use of medicines. OBJECTIVES: To translate and culturally adapt the LMQ into the Arabic language and context. METHODS: Permission to translate the LMQ was obtained from the original developers, and a protocol for its translation and cultural adaptation was developed using the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research guidelines for the translation and cultural adaptation of patient-reported outcome measures...
September 2016: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692902/dnm3-and-genetic-modifiers-of-age-of-onset-in-lrrk2-gly2019ser-parkinsonism-a-genome-wide-linkage-and-association-study
#10
Joanne Trinh, Emil K Gustavsson, Carles Vilariño-Güell, Stephanie Bortnick, Jeanne Latourelle, Marna B McKenzie, Chelsea Szu Tu, Ekaterina Nosova, Jaskaran Khinda, Austen Milnerwood, Suzanne Lesage, Alexis Brice, Meriem Tazir, Jan O Aasly, Laura Parkkinen, Hazal Haytural, Tatiana Foroud, Richard H Myers, Samia Ben Sassi, Emna Hentati, Fatma Nabli, Emna Farhat, Rim Amouri, Fayçal Hentati, Matthew J Farrer
BACKGROUND: Leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) mutation 6055G→A (Gly2019Ser) accounts for roughly 1% of patients with Parkinson's disease in white populations, 13-30% in Ashkenazi Jewish populations, and 30-40% in North African Arab-Berber populations, although age of onset is variable. Some carriers have early-onset parkinsonism, whereas others remain asymptomatic despite advanced age. We aimed to use a genome-wide approach to identify genetic variability that directly affects LRRK2 Gly2019Ser penetrance...
November 2016: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686310/research-productivity-of-gulf-cooperation-council-gcc-countries-in-science-and-social-sciences
#11
Sultan Ayoub Meo, Abdul Latif Mahesar, Saeed Ahmed Sheikh, Kamran Sattar, Ishfaq A Bukhari
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the research progress of Gulf Cooperation Council countries in science and social sciences. METHODS: This study was conducted in the Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, from June 2014 to February 2015.All research documents related to the 1996-2013 period having an affiliation with Gulf Cooperation Council countries, including Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain and Oman, were tracked...
October 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516652/a-review-of-possible-herbal-treatment-in-multiple-sclerosis-in-traditional-persian-medicine
#12
Rahil Ghanavati, Foroogh Namjoyan, Hosein Rezaee Zadeh
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory disease of central nervous system (CNS) and is the most common cause of neurologic disability in young adults (20-40 years old). About 2.5 million patients all over the world are suffering from MS. Common symptoms of the disease include sensory disorders, optic neuritis, and limb weakness. Following disease progression, other symptoms like fatigue, bladder disorders, and cognitive impairment also occur. Traditional Persian medicine (TPM) is an ancient medical system from 6000 years ago in Persia, where Iran was its most important state...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27419083/ethnobotanical-magnitude-towards-sustainable-utilization-of-wild-foliage-in-arabian-desert
#13
Prakash C Phondani, Arvind Bhatt, Esam Elsarrag, Yousef A Horr
The present investigation was deals with identifying traditional uses of medicinal plants for curing a variety of ailments and degree of religious conservation for retention of ethnobotanical knowledge. The study was carried out in the State of Qatar to document the ethnobotanical uses of 58 medicinally important plant species including identification, botanical name, Arabic name, family, habit, habitat, distribution pattern, and the plant parts used for curing variety of ailments. The documented species belong to 54 plant genera and 30 botanical families...
July 2016: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27382475/contribution-of-arab-countries-to-pharmaceutical-wastewater-literature-a-bibliometric-and-comparative-analysis-of-research-output
#14
Sa'ed H Zyoud, Shaher H Zyoud, Samah W Al-Jabi, Waleed M Sweileh, Rahmat Awang
BACKGROUND: Recently, the pharmaceutical manufacturing industry has been growing rapidly in many countries in the world, including in Arab countries. Pharmaceuticals reach aquatic environments and are prevalent at small concentrations in wastewater from the drug manufacturing industry and hospitals. Such presence also occurs in domestic wastewater and results from the disposal of unused and expired medicines. Therefore, the objective of this study was to analyze and compare the quantity and quality of publications made by researchers in Arab countries on pharmaceutical wastewater...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27374768/translation-and-validation-of-the-arabic-version-of-generic-medicines-scale
#15
Qais Alefan, Aseel Karasneh, Faris El-Dahiyat, Mohd Alshara, Dania Abu-Naser
BACKGROUND: Generic drugs are considered the best alternative for the originator brand drugs because they have the same quality, safety, and efficacy yet offered at considerbaly lower cost. Prior research has developed instrumentation to assess patients' perceptions of generic drugs; however, little has been done to translate these measures in other languages. OBJECTIVES: This study's aim was to translate and validate an Arabic version of the generic drug scale (GMS) in a Jordanian sample...
May 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27302455/acceptability-of-the-urban-family-medicine-project-among-physicians-a-cross-sectional-study-of-medical-offices-iran
#16
Elham Movahed Kor, Arash Rashidian, Mostafa Hosseini, Farbod Ebadi Fard Azar, Mohammad Arab
INTRODUCTION: It is essential to organize private physicians in urban areas by developing urban family medicine in Iran. Acceptance of this project is currently low among physicians. The present research determined the factors affecting acceptability of the Urban Family Medicine Project among physicians working in the private sector of Mazandaran and Fars provinces in Iran. METHODS: This descriptive-analytical and cross-sectional study was conducted in Mazandaran and Fars provinces...
October 1, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27168944/avicenna-s-view-on-the-etiologies-of-intestinal-obstruction
#17
REVIEW
Zahra Moradi, Mehdi Besharat, Bagher Minaiee, Jale Aliasl, Zohreh Parsa Yekta, Mohsen Nasiri Toosi
CONTEXT: Bowel obstruction is one of the most common causes of acute abdomen. Because of heterogeneity of patients' population and variety of causes, therapeutic strategies are not standardized, so treatment of intestinal obstruction is a surgical challenge in many cases. A traditional medicine approach could help detect some issues that were ignored by modern medicine. One of the major schools of medicine, with a history of several thousand years, is Iranian traditional medicine. In this regard, Avicenna, who lived in the medieval period, has had a great influence on the medical knowledge of the world by writing an encyclopedia of medicine entitled "Qanun of Medicine...
February 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27155666/exploring-an-herbal-wonder-cure-for-cancer-a-multidisciplinary-approach
#18
Eran Ben-Arye, Jamal Mahajna, Radi Aly, Mohammed Saleem Ali-Shtayeh, Yedidia Bentur, Efraim Lev, Gary Deng, Noah Samuels
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVES: The unmonitored use of herbal medicinal remedies by patients with cancer presents a significant challenge to oncology healthcare professionals. We describe an increasingly popular herbal "wonder drug," Ephedra foeminea (Alanda in Arabic), whose use has spread from the Palestinian patient population throughout the Middle East. We conducted a multicentered and multidisciplinary collaborative research effort in order to understand the potential benefits and harms of this popular herbal remedy...
July 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27095177/genetics-of-multifactorial-disorders-proceedings-of-the-6th-pan-arab-human-genetics-conference
#19
Pratibha Nair, Sami Bizzari, Nirmal Rajah, Nada Assaf, Mahmoud Taleb Al-Ali, Abdul Rezzak Hamzeh
The 6th Pan Arab Human Genetics Conference (PAHGC), "Genetics of Multifactorial Disorders" was organized by the Center for Arab Genomic Studies (http://www.cags.org.ae) in Dubai, United Arab Emirates from 21 to 23 January, 2016. The PAHGCs are held biennially to provide a common platform to bring together regional and international geneticists to share their knowledge and to discuss common issues. Over 800 delegates attended the first 2 days of the conference and these came from various medical and scientific backgrounds...
April 20, 2016: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27060885/a-modified-delphi-study-of-structures-and-processes-related-to-medicines-management-for-elderly-hospitalised-patients-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#20
Saeed Al Shemeili, Susan Klein, Alison Strath, Saleh Fares, Derek Stewart
RATIONALE AND AIM: The structures and processes around the management of medicines for elderly, hospitalized patients are ill defined. This study aimed to determine consensus related to strategic and operational approaches in the United Arab Emirates. METHODS: A modified Delphi technique, consensus study with first round statements developed from systematic reviews related to medicines management. Normalization process theory and the theoretical domains framework were applied in the construction of statements, organized into key elements of medicines management: guidelines for medicines management, medicines reconciliation, medicines selection, prescribing and review, medicines adherence, medicines counselling, health professional training and evaluation research...
October 2016: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
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