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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155174/ethnopharmacology-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-cornus-officinalis-sieb-et-zucc
#1
REVIEW
Jun Huang, Yiwei Zhang, Lin Dong, Qinghan Gao, Lei Yin, Hongfeng Quan, Rong Chen, Xueyan Fu, Dingbo Lin
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Cornus officinalis (Cornaceae), known in Chinese as "Shanzhuyu," is a frequently used traditional Chinese medicine. It tastes sour and is astringent and slightly warm in nature. Its fruits have long been used to treat kidney deficiency, high blood pressure, waist and knee pain, dizziness, tinnitus, impotence, spermatorrhea, menorrhagia, and other diseases in China. The main distribution areas are Shanxi and Gansu. AIM OF THE STUDY: This review focused on the ethnopharmacological uses of the herb...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148594/metabolic-study-of-paeoniflorin-and-total-paeony-glucosides-from-paeoniae-radix-rubra-in-rats-by-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-coupled-with-sequential-mass-spectrometry-uplc-esi-ms-n
#2
Lijun Zhu, Shanshan Sun, Yanxi Hu, Yufeng Liu
A clear understanding of the metabolism of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) is extremely important in their rational clinical application and effective material foundation research. A novel and reliable strategy was performed to find more metabolites of paeoniflorin, determine the metabolites of total paeony glucosides (TPG) by means of determining those metabolites of paeoniflorin, and compare the metabolism differences between paeoniflorin and TPG by intragastric administration. This strategy was characterized as follows: firstly, the rats were divided into two groups (the paeoniflorin group and the TPG group) to find different metabolism mechanism between paeoniflorin and TPG; secondly, UPLC-FT-ICR MS and UPLC-Q-TOF MS(2) were applied to obtain accurate molecular weight and structural information respectively; thirdly, the metabolites were tentatively identified by a combination of data-processing methods including mass defect screening, characteristic neutral loss screening and product ion screening; finally, a comparative study was employed in the metabolism of paeoniflorin and TPG...
November 17, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145153/the-pro-apoptosis-effect-of-sinomenine-in-renal-carcinoma-via-inducing-autophagy-through-inactivating-pi3k-akt-mtor-pathway
#3
Fei Deng, Yue-Xian Ma, Liang Liang, Ping Zhang, Jing Feng
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a heterogeneous histological disease and the most common kidney cancer. The mortality rate of RCC remains high despite the improved treatment. Sinomenine is an isoquinoline extracted from Chinese medicinal plant Sinomenium acutum, famous for its ability to suppress several cancer cell types. Our research aimed to explore the anti-cancer potential of sinomenine in RCC. Results showed that sinomenine reduced the viability by reducing sphere-forming ability and enhancing pro-apoptosis effect in ACHN cells in a dose dependent manner...
November 13, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140496/association-between-use-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-herbal-therapy-and-survival-outcomes-in-patients-with-stage-ii-and-iii-colorectal-cancer-a-multicenter-prospective-cohort-study
#4
Yun Xu, Jun J Mao, Lingyun Sun, Lin Yang, Jie Li, Yingxu Hao, Huashan Li, Wei Hou, Yuping Chu, Yu Bai, Xiaoqiang Jia, Jinwan Wang, Lin Shen, Ying Zhang, Jianbin Wang, Jianping Liu, Yufei Yang
Background: Chinese cancer patients often use Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) herbal medicine during or after active cancer treatments. However, little is known about how TCM herbal medicine impacts cancer outcomes. This study aimed to evaluate the association between TCM herbal therapy and survival outcomes in patients with stage II or III colorectal cancer. Methods: We conducted an eight-center prospective cohort study in China among patients who had undergone radical resection for stage II and III colorectal cancer...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140488/us-national-cancer-institute-china-collaborative-studies-on-chinese-medicine-and-cancer
#5
Libin Jia, Hongsheng Lin, Joost Oppenheim, O M Zack Howard, Jie Li, Huiting Fan, Zhizheng Zhao, William Farrar, Ying Zhang, Nancy Colburn, Matthew R Young, Weidong Li, David Newman, Barry R O'Keefe, John Beutler, Jikai Liu, Xiaojiang Hao, Xiaosheng Yang, Tengfei Ji, Jeffrey D White
Since 2007, the US National Cancer Institute (NCI) Office of Cancer Complementary and Alternative Medicine (OCCAM), together with the Cancer Institute of the China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences (CICACMS), institutes at China Academy of Sciences and Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, have engaged in collaborations on Chinese medicine (CM) and cancer research. Through these collaborations, CM drugs and compounds have been studied at NCI labs. This paper summarizes the discoveries and progress on these research projects, exploring the aspects of cancer prevention, botanical drug mechanisms of action and component analysis/quality control (QC), and anticancer activity screening...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139251/-clinical-application-features-of-fufang-kushen-injection-in-treating-malignant-esophageal-tumor%C3%AF-real-world-study-based-on-hospital-information-system
#6
Ya-Xin Liu, Zhi-Fei Wang, Yan-Ming Xie, Yin Zhang, Cen Chen, Yan Zhuang
To analyze the clinical application features of Fufang Kushen injection in treating malignant esophageal tumors in the real world by using hospital information system database, and provide reference for clinical application of Fufang Kushen injection. The electronic medical data from 2 550 patients with malignant esophageal tumors using Fufang Kushen injection from 22 large-scale hospitals nationwide were extracted based on the hospital information system (HIS) established by Institute of Basic Research in Clinical Medicine, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences...
August 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138645/chinese-classical-formula-sijunzi-decoction-and-chronic-atrophic-gastritis-evidence-for-treatment-approach
#7
REVIEW
Danan Gan, Aili Xu, Hongbo Du, Yong'an Ye
Objective: This aim is to evaluate the effect of Sijunzi decoction (SJZD) treating chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG). Methods: We performed searches in seven databases. The randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing SJZD with standard medical care or inactive intervention for CAG were enrolled. Combined therapy of SJZD plus conventional therapies compared with conventional therapies alone was also retrieved. The primary outcome included the incidence of gastric cancer and the improvement of atrophy, intestinal metaplasia, and dysplasia based on the gastroscopy and pathology...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132667/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-for-treatment-of-food-allergy
#8
REVIEW
Xiu-Min Li
The prevalence of food allergy is increasing. Food allergy can be life threatening and there is no approved treatment available. Allergen avoidance and rescue medication remain the sole management tools. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use is common in the United States. However, research into safety and efficacy for food allergy is limited. Continued scientific research into food allergy herbal formula 2 (FAHF-2), refined methods of formulation, purified compounds, and other modalities are needed...
February 2018: Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126988/morinda-officinalis-how-a-comprehensive-review-of-traditional-uses-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology
#9
REVIEW
Jian-Hua Zhang, Hai-Liang Xin, Yue-Ming Xu, Yi Shen, Yu-Qiong He, Hsien-Yeh, Bing Lin, Hong-Tao Song, Juan-Liu, Hai-Yue Yang, Lu-Ping Qin, Qiao-Yan Zhang, Juan Du
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The medicinal plant Morinda officinalisHow. (MO) and its root have long been used in traditional medicines in China and northeast Asia as tonics for nourishing the kidney, strengthening the bone and enhancing immunofunction in the treatment of impotence, osteoporosis, depression and inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and dermatitis. AIM OF THE REVIEW: This review aims to sum up updated and comprehensive information about traditional usage, phytochemistry, pharmacology and toxicology of MO and provide insights intopotential opportunities for future research and development of this plant...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126014/evaluation-on-the-concentration-change-of-paeoniflorin-and-glycyrrhizic-acid-in-different-formulations-of-shaoyao-gancao-tang-by-the-tri-level-infrared-macro-fingerprint-spectroscopy-and-the-whole-analysis-method
#10
Aoxue Liu, Jingjuan Wang, Yizhen Guo, Yao Xiao, Yue Wang, Suqin Sun, Jianbo Chen
As a kind of common prescriptions, Shaoyao-Gancao-Tang (SGT) contains two Chinese herbs with four different proportions which have different clinical efficacy because of their various components. In order to investigate the herb-herb interaction mechanisms, we used the method of tri-level infrared macro-fingerprint spectroscopy to evaluate the concentration change of active components of four SGTs in this research. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and Second derivative infrared spectroscopy (SD-IR) can recognize the multiple prescriptions directly and simultaneously...
October 31, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122785/naoxuekang-xinnaoshutong-and-xuesaitong-capsules-for-treating-stroke-a-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Huiling Chen, Hongbo Cao, Xu Guo, Meidan Zhao, Qing Xia, Bo Chen, Tieniu Zhao, Wenyuan Gao
INTRODUCTION: After stroke, hemiplegia, dysphasia and facial paralysis can manifest during the convalescent period. Currently, no Chinese patent medicine (CPM) is previously reported to cure each of these symptoms primarily, and thus, there are no relevant instructions for the use of CPM. This study presents a new approach based on comparative effectiveness research to distinguish the curative effects of three CPMs that are often used in stroke convalescence to determine the ideal medicine for the treatment of each symptom...
November 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115960/should-the-poor-have-no-medicines-to-cure-a-study-on-the-association-between-social-class-and-social-security-among-the-rural-migrant-workers-in-urban-china
#12
Ming Guan
BACKGROUND: The rampant urbanization and medical marketization in China have resulted in increased vulnerabilities to health and socioeconomic disparities among the rural migrant workers in urban China. In the Chinese context, the socioeconomic characteristics of rural migrant workers have attracted considerable research attention in the recent past years. However, to date, no previous studies have explored the association between the socioeconomic factors and social security among the rural migrant workers in urban China...
November 7, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115554/paeoniflorin-influences-breast-cancer-cell-proliferation-and-invasion-via-inhibition-of-the-notch%C3%A2-1-signaling-pathway
#13
Jing Zhang, Kun Yu, Xuedong Han, Linlin Zhen, Minmin Liu, Xiwen Zhang, Yi Ren, Jianhua Shi
Breast cancer is one of the most frequently occurring malignant tumors affecting women's health. At least one million new cases are diagnosed each year. Therefore, research that aims to identify strategies that inhibit the growth of breast cancer cells has become a primary worldwide focus. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is regarded as a valuable resource in China, and numerous monomer compositions extracted from TCMs have been demonstrated to exhibit antitumor effects. The present study aimed to determine the impact of paeoniflorin (PF) on breast cancer cell proliferation and invasion, and to explore the mechanisms underlying its effects...
November 7, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112942/acupuncture-for-primary-dysmenorrhea-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#14
Tong Liu, Jia-Ni Yu, Bing-Yan Cao, Yuan-Yuan Peng, Yu-Pei Chen, Li Zhang
Context • Primary dysmenorrhea (PD) is one of the most common complaints among young women. Acupuncture has been widely applied as a therapeutic modality in China and abroad for PD; however, the evidence for its benefits is still not convincing. Objective • The study intended to conduct a systematic review of randomized, controlled trials (RCTs) to evaluate the evidence regarding the use of acupuncture in treating PD. Design • The research team retrieved reports for RCTs published in 7 databases from their inception to March 2016, with no language restrictions: PubMed, Medline, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, the Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure database, the Chinese Biomedical database, and the Wanfang database...
November 7, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108348/decreased-risk-of-dementia-in-migraine-patients-with-traditional-chinese-medicine-use-a-population-based-cohort-study
#15
Chun-Ting Liu, Bei-Yu Wu, Yu-Chiang Hung, Lin-Yi Wang, Yan-Yuh Lee, Tsu-Kung Lin, Pao-Yen Lin, Wu-Fu Chen, Jen-Huai Chiang, Sheng-Feng Hsu, Wen-Long Hu
Patients with migraine are reportedly at increased risk of developing dementia. We aimed to investigate the association between traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) use and dementia risk in migraine patients. This longitudinal cohort study used the Taiwanese National Health Insurance Research Database to identify 32,386 diagnosed migraine patients aged 20 years and above who received treatment from 1997 to 2010. To balance comparability between TCM users and non-TCM users, we randomly selected equal numbers from each group, and compared subgroups compiled based on combinations of age, sex, index year, and year of migraine diagnosis...
October 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106713/a-systematic-review-of-diagnostic-criteria-for-psoriasis-in-adults-and-children-evidence-from-studies-with-a-primary-aim-to-develop-or-validate-diagnostic-criteria
#16
REVIEW
E Burden-Teh, R C Phillips, K S Thomas, S Ratib, D Grindlay, R Murphy
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of psoriasis in adults and children is made clinically, for both patient management and the selection of participants in research. Diagnostic criteria provide a structure for clinical assessment, which in turn helps standardise patient recruitment into clinical trials and case definitions in observational studies. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to identify and critically appraise the published studies to date that had a primary research aim to develop or validate diagnostic criteria for psoriasis...
November 6, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106634/tcmid-2-0-a-comprehensive-resource-for-tcm
#17
Lin Huang, Duoli Xie, Yiran Yu, Huanlong Liu, Yan Shi, Tieliu Shi, Chengping Wen
As a traditional medical intervention in Asia and a complementary and alternative medicine in western countries, Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) is capturing worldwide attention in life science field. Traditional Chinese Medicine Integrated Database (TCMID), which was originally launched in 2013, was a comprehensive database aiming at TCM's modernization and standardization. It has been highly recognized among pharmacologists and scholars in TCM researches. The latest release, TCMID 2.0 (http://www.megabionet...
November 2, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106064/chemical-profiling-and-quantification-of-shenkang-injection-a-systematic-quality-control-strategy-using-ultra-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-with-q-exactive-hybrid-quadrupole-orbitrap-high-resolution-accurate-mass-spectrometry
#18
Tanye Xu, Lihua Zuo, Zhi Sun, Peile Wang, Lin Zhou, Xiaojing Lv, Qingquan Jia, Xin Liu, Xiaofang Jiang, Zhenfeng Zhu, Jian Kang, Xiaojian Zhang
ShenKang injection is traditional Chinese medicine used to treat chronic renal failure in China. It is a compound preparation that consists of four herbs: Rhubarb, Salvia miltiorrhiza, Safflower and Radix Astragali. We developed an ultra high pressure liquid chromatography coupled with Q Exactive hybrid quadrupole-orbitrap high resolution accurate mass spectrometry tandem mass spectrometry method to analyze its chemical compositions, and a total of 90 compounds were identified from ShenKang injection. Among them, 19 major compounds were unambiguously detected by comparing with reference standards...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103462/anti-proliferation-activity-of-terpenoids-isolated-from-euphorbia-kansui-in-human-cancer-cells-and-their-structure-activity-relationship
#19
Jin-Jun Hou, Yao Shen, Zhou Yang, Lin Fang, Lu-Ying Cai, Shuai Yao, Hua-Li Long, Wan-Ying Wu, De-An Guo
Euphorbia kansui is a commonly used traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of edema, pleural effusion, and asthma, etc. According to the previous researches, terpenoids in E. kansui possess various biological activities, e.g., anti-virus, anti-allergy, antitumor effects. In this work, twenty five terpenoids were isolated from E. kansui, including thirteen ingenane- and eight jatrophane-type diterpenoids (with two new compounds, kansuinin P and Q) and four triterpenoids. Eighteen of them were analyzed by MTS assay for in vitro anticancer activity in five human cancer cell lines...
October 2017: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103411/prospects-of-a-comprehensive-evaluation-system-for-traditional-chinese-medicine-services
#20
REVIEW
Wen-Jie Xu, Ling-Tai Wang, Zhi-Ping Zhao, Li-Ming Zhu, Liang-Hua Zu, Qi Zhang, Dan-Bo Dou
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is a unique health resource in China and one of the main representative traditional medicines globally. TCM has formed a new way of looking at medical practices, health care, scientific research, education, industry and culture. It focuses on promoting and safeguarding the health of people, with an increasing contribution to economic and social development. Establishing a comprehensive evaluation system in accordance with the characteristics of TCM services could promote the scientific merit and the standardization of services management...
November 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
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