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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338743/the-prospective-and-concurrent-effect-of-exercise-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-older-adults-over-a-3%C3%A2-year-period
#1
Helen-Maria Vasiliadis, Mathieu F Bélanger
BACKGROUND: It is not clear whether socioeconomic status influences health outcomes among older adults through its effect on physical activity. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of sex and neighborhood socio-economic status on the change in health related quality of life (HR-QOL) as a function of physical activity over a three-year period. METHODS: This cohort study included French-speaking community-dwelling older adults recruited in primary care practices in the province of Quebec and participating in the 'Étude sur la Santé des Ainés' (ESA)-Services study on the health of the elderly...
January 16, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329148/self-reported-health-status-differs-for-amazon-s-mechanical-turk-respondents-compared-with-nationally-representative-surveys
#2
Karoline Mortensen, Manuel G Alcalá, Michael T French, Tianyan Hu
BACKGROUND: Amazon's Mechanical Turk (MTurk) platform has become a data source for peer-reviewed academic research publications, with over 24,000 Google Scholar search results. Although well-developed and supportive in other disciplines, the literature in health and medicine comparing results from samples generated on MTurk to gold standard, nationally representative health and medical surveys is beginning to emerge. OBJECTIVE: To compare the demographic, socioeconomic, and self-reported health status variables in an MTurk sample to those from 2 prominent national probability surveys, including the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) and the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS)...
January 11, 2018: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283038/humanitarian-quarantine-in-practice-medicine-religion-and-leprosy-in-new-caledonia
#3
Ingrid J Sykes
Medicine and religion worked in close synchronisation during the leprosy outbreak of New Caledonia (1890-1950). Once isolation of leprosy-affected people became mandatory doctors and missionaries came together to promote a particular form of medical practice that tied charitable zeal with cutting-edge medical research, developing a sophisticated set of medical practices that catered for the soul as well as the body. Such practices went hand-in-hand with ideas developed by doctors in the earlier stages of the epidemic about the way in which the disease had entered the Kanak (local Melanesian) population...
December 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282866/body-clocks-time-for-the-nobel-prize
#4
EDITORIAL
Charna Dibner, Ueli Schibler
Already in 1729 Jean-Jacques d'Ortous de Mairan, a French astronomer, noticed that the mimosa plants in his backyard opened and closed their leaves at similar times during the day. Intriguingly, these daily cycles of leaf movements persisted in plants kept in nearly constant darkness, and de Mairan thus concluded that they must be driven by endogenous clocks rather than environmental light-dark cycles. In the meantime self-sustained circadian oscillators have been found in nearly all light-sensitive organisms from cyanobacteria to mammals...
December 28, 2017: Acta Physiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282263/feasibility-of-2-d-ultrasound-shear-wave-elastography-of-fetal-lungs-in-case-of-threatened-preterm-labour-a-study-protocol
#5
Nicolas Mottet, Sébastien Aubry, Chrystelle Vidal, Guillaume Boiteux, Jean-Patrick Metz, Didier Riethmuller, Lionel Pazart, Rajeev Ramanah
INTRODUCTION: 2-D ultrasound shear wave elastography (SWE) could be considered as a new noninvasive tool for monitoring fetal lung development based on evaluation of mechanical properties during pregnancy. Interesting results are available concerning the use of SWE on developing organs, especially on premature infants and animal models. The main objective in this study is to evaluate the feasibility of 2-D SWE in human fetal lungs between 24 and 34 weeks of gestation (WG). The secondary objective is to modellise fetal lung-to-liver elastography ratio (LLE ratio) and to assess variations between normal lung and lung surfactant-enriched after a corticosteroids course indicated for a threatened preterm labour (TPL)...
December 26, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991760/centenary-of-the-birth-of-academician-prof-dr-isak-tadzer-founder-of-the-pathophysiology-and-nuclear-medicine-in-macedonia
#6
Borislav Karanfilski
Academician Prof. Dr. Isak Tadzer was born a hundred years ago on December 24, 1916 in Sofia. He completed the primary and secondary education at the German College in Sofia. In 1935 he began his studies at the Medical Faculty in Vienna, which he had to stop because of the annexation of Austria to Germany in 1938. He returned to Bulgaria where he continued his studies and graduated from the Medical Faculty in Sofia in 1941. During the War, 1941-1944, he was forcedly mobilized and he worked as a doctor in several villages...
September 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980935/lactobacillus-acidophilus-versus-placebo-in-the-symptomatic-treatment-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-the-lapibss-randomized-trial
#7
S Sadrin, S R Sennoune, B Gout, S Marque, J Moreau, J Grillasca, O Pons, J M Maixent
Irritable bowel syndrome is a chronic functional gastrointestinal disorder characterized by abdominal pain/discomfort and altered bowel habits. The use of Lactobacilli as probiotics during irritable bowel syndrome is based on their interesting mechanisms of action and their excellent safety profile but little is known about their clinical efficacy due to the lack of adequately designed clinical trials. The current clinical trial protocol aims to determine the effects of a mixture of Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM and LAFTI L10 as probiotics to improve irritable bowel syndrome symptoms (LAPIBSS)...
September 30, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961562/maternal-death-due-to-amniotic-fluid-embolism-a-national-study-in-france
#8
Marie-Pierre Bonnet, Diane Zlotnik, Monica Saucedo, Dominique Chassard, Marie-Hélène Bouvier-Colle, Catherine Deneux-Tharaux
BACKGROUND: A structured definition of amniotic fluid embolism (AFE) based on 4 criteria was recently proposed for use in research by the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine (SMFM) and the Amniotic Fluid Embolism Foundation. The main objective of this study was to review all AFE-related maternal deaths in France during 2007-2011 according to the presence or not of all these 4 diagnostic criteria. METHODS: Maternal deaths due to AFE were identified by the national experts committee of the French Confidential Enquiry into Maternal Deaths during 2007-2011 (n = 39)...
January 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895229/crisis-and-change-the-making-of-a-french-fda
#9
Constance A Nathanson, Henri Bergeron
Policy Points: Introducing a recent special issue of The Lancet on the health system in France, Horton and Ceschia observe that "the dominance of English as the language of science and, increasingly, global health too often closes the door on the history and experiences of others."(1) In that spirit, this manuscript presents a detailed case study of public health policy transformation in France in the early 1990s. It casts light on processes of policy change in a political and cultural environment very different from that of the United States, showing how the public health policy process is shaped by multiple contingencies of history, ideology, and politics...
September 2017: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891436/radio-localization-of-non-palpable-breast-lesions-under-ultrasonographic-guidance-current-status-and-future-perspectives
#10
Giulia Anna Follacchio, Francesco Monteleone, Maria Letizia Meggiorini, Maria Paola Nusiner, Carlo De Felice, Giuseppe De Vincentis, Mauro Liberatore
BACKGROUND: Due to the spread of mammographic screening programs, a constant increase of clinically-occult breast cancer diagnosis has been registered. A correct approach to non-palpable breast lesions requires an accurate intra-operative localization in order to achieve a complete surgical resection. Aim of this paper is to describe the state of the art of the US-guided procedures such as Radio-guided Occult Lesion Localization (ROLL) and Radio-guided Seed Localization (RSL) in comparison to the most widely adopted Wire-Guided Localization (WGL)...
September 8, 2017: Current Radiopharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846021/remembering-marcel-baltazard-great-researcher-and-the-french-president-of-pasteur-institute-of-iran
#11
Marjan Keypour, Manijeh Yousefi Behzadi, Ehsan Mostafavi
Dr. Marcel Baltazard (1908-1971), French scientist and former director of Pasteur Institute of Iran, is known in the international arena due to his research on the control of infectious diseases such as plague, rabies, relapsing fever, leprosy, smallpox and tuberculosis. Dr. Baltazard also played a significant role in the launch of vaccination against tuberculosis, cholera and smallpox. Dr. Baltazard's spent the first 13 years of academic life at Pasteur Institute of Casablanca, Morocco, and then 20 years at Pasteur Institute of Iran and over the last five years at Pasteur Institute of Paris...
August 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815917/hiv-infected-patients-beliefs-about-their-chronic-co-treatments-in-comparison-with-their-combined-antiretroviral-therapy
#12
S Kamal, O Bugnon, M Cavassini, M P Schneider
OBJECTIVES: Thanks to the success of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), HIV-infected patients can have almost a normal life expectancy. This has resulted in an aging HIV-infected population with other chronic comorbidities such as cardiovascular diseases, osteoporosis, and depression. Our hypothesis is that patients' perceptions of and attitudes towards their cART, which is perceived as crucial to their survival, differ from their beliefs about their co-treatments, and this may have an impact on their medication adherence...
August 16, 2017: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756037/value-of-a-national-administrative-database-to-guide-public-decisions-from-the-syst%C3%A3-me-national-d-information-interr%C3%A3-gimes-de-l-assurance-maladie-sniiram-to-the-syst%C3%A3-me-national-des-donn%C3%A3-es-de-sant%C3%A3-snds-in-france
#13
REVIEW
P Tuppin, J Rudant, P Constantinou, C Gastaldi-Ménager, A Rachas, L de Roquefeuil, G Maura, H Caillol, A Tajahmady, J Coste, C Gissot, A Weill, A Fagot-Campagna
In 1999, French legislators asked health insurance funds to develop a système national d'information interrégimes de l'Assurance Maladie (SNIIRAM) [national health insurance information system] in order to more precisely determine and evaluate health care utilization and health care expenditure of beneficiaries. These data, based on almost 66 million inhabitants in 2015, have already been the subject of numerous international publications on various topics: prevalence and incidence of diseases, patient care pathways, health status and health care utilization of specific populations, real-life use of drugs, assessment of adverse effects of drugs or other health care procedures, monitoring of national health insurance expenditure, etc...
October 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730149/review-of-antibiotic-resistance-in-the-indian-ocean-commission-a-human-and-animal-health-issue
#14
REVIEW
Noellie Gay, Olivier Belmonte, Jean-Marc Collard, Mohamed Halifa, Mohammad Iqbal Issack, Saindou Mindjae, Philippe Palmyre, Abdul Aziz Ibrahim, Harena Rasamoelina, Loïc Flachet, Laurent Filleul, Eric Cardinale
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a major threat to human, animal health, and environment worldwide. For human, transmission occurred through a variety of routes both in health-care settings and community. In animals, AMR was reported in livestock, pets, and wildlife; transmission of AMR can be zoonotic with the probably most important route being foodborne transmission. The Indian Ocean Commission (IOC), composed of Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Reunion (France), and Seychelles recognized the surveillance of AMR in both animal and human as a main public health priority for the region...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619764/medicoeconomic-analysis-of-lobectomy-using-thoracoscopy-versus-thoracotomy-for-lung-cancer-a-study-protocol-for-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial-lungsco01
#15
Pierre-Benoit Pagès, Halim Abou Hanna, Anne-Claire Bertaux, Ludwig Serge Serge Aho, Pierre Magdaleinat, Jean-Marc Baste, Marc Filaire, Richard de Latour, Jalal Assouad, François Tronc, Christophe Jayle, Jérome Mouroux, Pascal-Alexandre Thomas, Pierre-Emmanuel Falcoz, Charles-Henri Marty-Ané, Alain Bernard
INTRODUCTION: In the last decade, video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has had a major effect on thoracic surgery. Retrospective series have reported benefits of VATS when compared with open thoracotomy in terms of postoperative pain, postoperative complications and length of hospital stay. However, no large randomised control trial has been conducted to assess the reality of the potential benefits of VATS lobectomy or its medicoeconomic impact...
June 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534384/global-knowledge-of-medicine-experiences-from-tuzla-and-banjaluka-bosnia-herzegovina
#16
Rajko Igić
When English became lingua franca, a significant change in the language of scientific publication in Central and Eastern European countries occurred; many journals instead of the local language, and German, French or Russian used English. The shift occurred due to the intention of both the journal editors and contributors to achieve international recognition and inclusion of the journal in prestigious international medical databases. As a consequence, publications in English are cited on average six times more frequently than those in German, Japanese or French...
March 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508440/has-evidence-based-medicine-ever-been-modern-a-latour-inspired-understanding-of-a-changing-ebm
#17
Sietse Wieringa, Eivind Engebretsen, Kristin Heggen, Trish Greenhalgh
Evidence-based health care (EBHC), previously evidence-based medicine (EBM), is considered by many to have modernized health care and brought it from an authority-based past to a more rationalist, scientific grounding. But recent concerns and criticisms pose serious challenges and urge us to look at the fundamentals of a changing EBHC. In this paper, we present French philosopher Bruno Latour's vision on modernity as a framework to discuss current changes in the discourse on EBHC/EBM. Drawing on Latour's work, we argue that the early EBM movement had a strong modernist agenda with an aim to "purify" clinical reality into a dichotomy of objective "evidence" from nature and subjective "preferences" from human society and culture...
October 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495480/-fabien-arcelin-1876-1942-or-how-to-become-a-radiation-oncologist-when-born-an-archeologist
#18
N Foray
Fabien Arcelin, physician working in Lyon, pioneer of radiology and radiotherapy, was both mentored by Destot (one of the fathers of the French radiology for his thesis of medicine) and by his own father Adrien Arcelin (one of the two codiscoverers of the prehistorical site of the Roche-de-Solutré in Burgundy) for archeological works. Hence, radiologist in Lyon during the week and archeologist during the weekend, Fabien Arcelin made significant advances in both radiation research and archeology. He was notably the discoverer of the first tombs of Aurignacian men...
May 2017: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412219/medicinal-plant-uses-and-names-from-the-herbarium-of-francesc-bol%C3%A3-s-1773-1844
#19
Airy Gras, Teresa Garnatje, Neus Ibàñez, Jordi López-Pujol, Neus Nualart, Joan Vallè
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ethnobotany takes into account past uses to be projected into the present and future. Most current ethnobotanical research is focused, especially in industrialised countries, on obtaining information of plant uses from elderly people. Historical ethnobotany is less cultivated, although papers have demonstrated its interest. Particularly poor, but potentially very relevant, is the attention paid to historical herbaria as a source of data on useful plants...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403911/predomos-study-impact-of-a-social-intervention-program-for-socially-isolated-elderly-cancer-patients-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Elodie Crétel-Durand, Emilie Nouguerède, Hervé Le Caer, Frédérique Rousseau, Frédérique Retornaz, Olivier Guillem, Anne-Laure Couderc, Laurent Greillier, Emmanuelle Norguet, Maud Cécile, Rabia Boulahssass, Francoise Le Caer, Sandrine Tournier, Chantal Butaud, Pierre Guillet, Sophie Nahon, Laure Poudens, Sylvie Kirscher, Sandrine Loubière, Nadine Diaz, Jean Dhorne, Pascal Auquier, Karine Baumstarck
BACKGROUND: Cancer incidence and social isolation increase along with advanced age, and social isolation potentiates the relative risk of death by cancer. Once spotted, social isolation can be averted with the intervention of a multidisciplinary team. Techniques of automation and remote assistance have already demonstrated their positive impact on falls prevention and quality of life (QoL), though little is known about their impact on socially isolated elderly patients supported for cancer...
April 12, 2017: Trials
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