keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Social-ecological

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340973/multilevel-interventions-targeting-obesity-research-recommendations-for-vulnerable-populations
#1
June Stevens, Charlotte Pratt, Josephine Boyington, Cheryl Nelson, Kimberly P Truesdale, Dianne S Ward, Leslie Lytle, Nancy E Sherwood, Thomas N Robinson, Shirley Moore, Shari Barkin, Ying Kuen Cheung, David M Murray
INTRODUCTION: The origins of obesity are complex and multifaceted. To be successful, an intervention aiming to prevent or treat obesity may need to address multiple layers of biological, social, and environmental influences. METHODS: NIH recognizes the importance of identifying effective strategies to combat obesity, particularly in high-risk and disadvantaged populations with heightened susceptibility to obesity and subsequent metabolic sequelae. To move this work forward, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, in collaboration with the NIH Office of Behavioral and Social Science Research and NIH Office of Disease Prevention convened a working group to inform research on multilevel obesity interventions in vulnerable populations...
January 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334680/assessing-driving-forces-of-land-use-and-land-cover-change-by-a-mixed-method-approach-in-north-eastern-ghana-west-africa
#2
Janina Kleemann, Gülendam Baysal, Henry N N Bulley, Christine Fürst
Land use and land cover change (LULCC) is the result of complex human-environmental interactions. The high interdependencies in social-ecological systems make it difficult to identify the main drivers. However, knowledge of key drivers of LULCC, including indirect (underlying) drivers which cannot be easily determined by spatial or economic analyses, is essential for land use planning and especially important in developing countries. We used a mixed-method approach in order to detect drivers of LULCC in the Upper East Region of northern Ghana by different qualitative and quantitative methods which were compared in a confidence level analysis...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330388/identifying-synergies-in-multilevel-interventions
#3
Megan A Lewis, Tania M Fitzgerald, Brittany Zulkiewicz, Susana Peinado, Pamela A Williams
Social ecological models of health often describe multiple levels of influence that interact to influence health. However, it is still common for interventions to target only one or two of these levels, perhaps owing in part to a lack of guidance on how to design multilevel interventions to achieve optimal impact. The convergence strategy emphasizes that interventions at different levels mutually reinforce each other by changing patterns of interaction among two or more intervention audiences; this strategy is one approach for combining interventions at different levels to produce synergistic effects...
April 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306717/barriers-to-dog-rabies-vaccination-during-an-urban-rabies-outbreak-qualitative-findings-from-arequipa-peru
#4
Ricardo Castillo-Neyra, Joanna Brown, Katty Borrini, Claudia Arevalo, Michael Z Levy, Alison Buttenheim, Gabrielle C Hunter, Victor Becerra, Jere Behrman, Valerie A Paz-Soldan
BACKGROUND: Canine rabies was reintroduced to the city of Arequipa, Peru in March 2015. The Ministry of Health has conducted a series of mass dog vaccination campaigns to contain the outbreak, but canine rabies virus transmission continues in Arequipa's complex urban environment, putting the city's 1 million inhabitants at risk of infection. The proximate driver of canine rabies in Arequipa is low dog vaccination coverage. Our objectives were to qualitatively assess barriers to and facilitators of rabies vaccination during mass campaigns, and to explore strategies to increase participation in future efforts...
March 17, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289265/contact-structure-mobility-environmental-impact-and-behaviour-the-importance-of-social-forces-to-infectious-disease-dynamics-and-disease-ecology
#5
REVIEW
Ronan F Arthur, Emily S Gurley, Henrik Salje, Laura S P Bloomfield, James H Jones
Human factors, including contact structure, movement, impact on the environment and patterns of behaviour, can have significant influence on the emergence of novel infectious diseases and the transmission and amplification of established ones. As anthropogenic climate change alters natural systems and global economic forces drive land-use and land-cover change, it becomes increasingly important to understand both the ecological and social factors that impact infectious disease outcomes for human populations...
May 5, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288596/needles-jabs-and-jags-a-qualitative-exploration-of-barriers-and-facilitators-to-child-and-adult-immunisation-uptake-among-gypsies-travellers-and-roma
#6
Cath Jackson, Helen Bedford, Francine M Cheater, Louise Condon, Carol Emslie, Lana Ireland, Philippa Kemsley, Susan Kerr, Helen J Lewis, Julie Mytton, Karen Overend, Sarah Redsell, Zoe Richardson, Christine Shepherd, Lesley Smith, Lisa Dyson
BACKGROUND: Gypsies, Travellers and Roma (referred to as Travellers) are less likely to access health services including immunisation. To improve immunisation rates, it is necessary to understand what helps and hinders individuals in these communities in taking up immunisations. This study had two aims. 1. Investigate the views of Travellers in the UK on the barriers and facilitators to acceptability and uptake of immunisations and explore their ideas for improving immunisation uptake; 2...
March 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286690/a-carbon-cycle-model-for-the-social-ecological-process-in-coastal-wetland-a-case-study-on-gouqi-island-east-china
#7
Yanxia Li, Lihu Xiong, Wenjia Zhu
Coastal wetlands offer many important ecosystem services both in natural and in social systems. How to simultaneously decrease the destructive effects flowing from human activities and maintaining the sustainability of regional wetland ecosystems are an important issue for coastal wetlands zones. We use carbon credits as the basis for regional sustainable developing policy-making. With the case of Gouqi Island, a typical coastal wetlands zone that locates in the East China Sea, a carbon cycle model was developed to illustrate the complex social-ecological processes...
2017: Scientifica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284373/reframing-the-food-biodiversity-challenge
#8
REVIEW
Joern Fischer, David J Abson, Arvid Bergsten, Neil French Collier, Ine Dorresteijn, Jan Hanspach, Kristoffer Hylander, Jannik Schultner, Feyera Senbeta
Given the serious limitations of production-oriented frameworks, we offer here a new conceptual framework for how to analyze the nexus of food security and biodiversity conservation. We introduce four archetypes of social-ecological system states corresponding to win-win (e.g., agroecology), win-lose (e.g., intensive agriculture), lose-win (e.g., fortress conservation), and lose-lose (e.g., degraded landscapes) outcomes for food security and biodiversity conservation. Each archetype is shaped by characteristic external drivers, exhibits characteristic internal social-ecological features, and has characteristic feedbacks that maintain it...
March 8, 2017: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282378/the-socio-economic-drivers-of-bushmeat-consumption-during-the-west-african-ebola-crisis
#9
Isabel Ordaz-Németh, Mimi Arandjelovic, Lukas Boesch, Tsegaye Gatiso, Trokon Grimes, Hjalmar S Kuehl, Menladi Lormie, Colleen Stephens, Clement Tweh, Jessica Junker
Bushmeat represents an important source of animal protein for humans in tropical Africa. Unsustainable bushmeat hunting is a major threat to wildlife and its consumption is associated with an increased risk of acquiring zoonotic diseases, such as Ebola virus disease (EVD). During the recent EVD outbreak in West Africa, it is likely that human dietary behavior and local attitudes toward bushmeat consumption changed in response to the crisis, and that the rate of change depended on prevailing socio-economic conditions, including wealth and education...
March 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278017/mothering-children-with-developmental-disabilities-a-critical-perspective-on-health-promotion
#10
Nazilla Khanlou, Nida Mustafa, Luz Maria Vazquez, Deborah Davidson, Karen Yoshida
We present findings of a qualitative study exploring what constitutes relevant health promotion initiatives for immigrant mothers of children with developmental disabilities. We apply a social ecological approach, with a focus on gender-specific and transformative health promotion, to examine factors impacting mothers' health and wellbeing. Twenty-eight semi-structured and open-ended interviews were conducted with immigrant mothers in the greater Toronto area, Canada. Mothers identified facilitators, challenges, and strategies for their health promotion, providing relevant insights for meaningful intervention...
February 22, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278009/ecological-analysis-of-college-women-s-physical-activity-and-health-related-quality-of-life
#11
Tao Zhang, Jacqueline Dunn, James Morrow, Christy Greenleaf
Despite significant health benefits of regular physical activity, over 60 percent of college women do not meet recommended physical activity guidelines to promote their health and health-related quality of life (HRQoL), a comprehensive construct including physical and psychosocial health functioning. The major purpose of this study was to examine the influences of individual (e.g., self-efficacy, enjoyment), social (e.g., family and friend support), and physical environmental factors (e.g., crime safety) on college women's physical activity and HRQoL...
February 16, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276925/a-qualitative-analysis-of-multi-level-barriers-to-hiv-testing-among-women-in-lebanon
#12
Kirsty A Clark, Danya E Keene, John E Pachankis, Omar Fattal, Nesrine Rizk, Kaveh Khoshnood
While the number of HIV cases in the Middle East and North Africa region is low compared to other regions, recent studies show that incidence is increasing especially among high-risk populations; in particular, little is known about women and HIV in the region. Through semi-structured interviews with sexual healthcare providers and staff at non-governmental organisations, we sought to understand barriers to HIV testing among women in Lebanon. Using snowball sampling, key informants were recruited from greater Beirut (12 physicians, 9 non-governmental organisation staff)...
February 13, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276920/getting-men-in-the-room-perceptions-of-effective-strategies-to-initiate-men-s-involvement-in-gender-based-violence-prevention-in-a-global-sample
#13
Erin A Casey, Cliff Leek, Richard M Tolman, Christopher T Allen, Juliana M Carlson
As engaging men in gender-based violence prevention efforts becomes an increasingly institutionalised component of gender equity work globally, clarity is needed about the strategies that best initiate male-identified individuals' involvement in these efforts. The purpose of this study was to examine the perceived relevance and effectiveness of men's engagement strategies from the perspective of men around the world who have organised or attended gender-based violence prevention events. Participants responded to an online survey (available in English, French and Spanish) and rated the effectiveness of 15 discrete engagement strategies derived from earlier qualitative work...
February 21, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270337/associates-of-engagement-in-adult-oriented-follow-up-care-for-childhood-cancer-survivors
#14
Dava Szalda, Lisa Piece, Lauren Brumley, Yimei Li, Marilyn M Schapira, Monika Wasik, Wendy L Hobbie, Jill P Ginsberg, Lisa A Schwartz
PURPOSE: Understanding how to predict appropriate uptake of adult-oriented medical care is important for adult patients with pediatric-onset chronic health conditions with continued health vulnerability. We examined associates of engagement in adult survivors of childhood cancer following transfer to adult-oriented care. METHODS: Adult survivors of childhood cancer (N = 80), within 1-5 years post transfer from pediatric to adult-oriented follow-up care, completed assessments of engagement with recommended adult-oriented follow-up care and psychosocial and transition readiness measures...
February 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266656/size-and-stochasticity-in-irrigated-social-ecological-systems
#15
Arnald Puy, Rachata Muneepeerakul, Andrea L Balbo
This paper presents a systematic study of the relation between the size of irrigation systems and the management of uncertainty. We specifically focus on studying, through a stylized theoretical model, how stochasticity in water availability and taxation interacts with the stochastic behavior of the population within irrigation systems. Our results indicate the existence of two key population thresholds for the sustainability of any irrigation system: or the critical population size required to keep the irrigation system operative, and N* or the population threshold at which the incentive to work inside the irrigation system equals the incentives to work elsewhere...
March 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249740/bridging-science-and-traditional-knowledge-to-assess-cumulative-impacts-of-stressors-on-ecosystem-health
#16
Chrystal S Mantyka-Pringle, Timothy D Jardine, Lori Bradford, Lalita Bharadwaj, Andrew P Kythreotis, Jennifer Fresque-Baxter, Erin Kelly, Gila Somers, Lorne E Doig, Paul D Jones, Karl-Erich Lindenschmidt
Cumulative environmental impacts driven by anthropogenic stressors lead to disproportionate effects on indigenous communities that are reliant on land and water resources. Understanding and counteracting these effects requires knowledge from multiple sources. Yet the combined use of Traditional Knowledge (TK) and Scientific Knowledge (SK) has both technical and philosophical hurdles to overcome, and suffers from inherently imbalanced power dynamics that can disfavour the very communities it intends to benefit...
February 26, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248969/development-and-validation-of-risk-profiles-of-west-african-rural-communities-facing-multiple-natural-hazards
#17
Daniel Asare-Kyei, Fabrice G Renaud, Julia Kloos, Yvonne Walz, Jakob Rhyner
West Africa has been described as a hotspot of climate change. The reliance on rain-fed agriculture by over 65% of the population means that vulnerability to climatic hazards such as droughts, rainstorms and floods will continue. Yet, the vulnerability and risk levels faced by different rural social-ecological systems (SES) affected by multiple hazards are poorly understood. To fill this gap, this study quantifies risk and vulnerability of rural communities to drought and floods. Risk is assessed using an indicator-based approach...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242511/kind-discipline-developing-a-conceptual-model-of-a-promising-school-discipline-approach
#18
Jennifer L Winkler, Michele E Walsh, Madeleine de Blois, Jeannette Maré, Scott C Carvajal
This formative evaluation develops a novel conceptual model for a discipline approach fostering intrinsic motivation and positive relationships in schools. We used concept mapping to elicit and integrate perspectives on kind discipline from teachers, administrators, and other school staff. Three core themes describing kind discipline emerged from 11 identified clusters: (1) proactively developing a positive school climate, (2) responding to conflict with empathy, accountability, and skill, and (3) supporting staff skills in understanding and sharing expectations...
February 6, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238984/race-racism-and-access-to-renal-transplantation-among-african-americans
#19
Kimberly Jacob Arriola
There are clear and compelling racial disparities in access to renal transplant, which is the therapy of choice for many patients with end stage renal disease. This paper conceptualizes the role of racism (i.e., internalized, personally-mediated, and institutionalized) in creating and perpetuating these disparities at multiple levels of the social ecology by integrating two often-cited theories in the literature. Internalized racism is manifested at the intrapersonal level when, for example, African American patients devalue their self-worth, thereby not pursuing the most aggressive treatment available...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237847/social-learning-in-the-anthropocene-novel-challenges-shadow-networks-and-ethical-practices
#20
REVIEW
Jeremy J Schmidt
The Anthropocene presents novel challenges for environmental management. This paper considers the challenges that the Anthropocene poses for social learning techniques in adaptive management. It situates these challenges with respect to how anthropogenic forcing on the Earth system affects the conditions required for: (1) The cooperative exercises of social learning; (2) The techniques used for assessing the fit of institutions to social-ecological systems; and, (3) The strategies employed for identifying management targets that are transformed by human action...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
keyword
keyword
8872
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"