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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046041/development-and-content-validation-of-the-transition-readiness-inventory-item-pool-for-adolescent-and-young-adult-survivors-of-childhood-cancer
#1
Lisa A Schwartz, Jessica L Hamilton, Lauren D Brumley, Lamia P Barakat, Janet A Deatrick, Dava E Szalda, Katherine B Bevans, Carole A Tucker, Lauren C Daniel, Eliana Butler, Anne E Kazak, Wendy L Hobbie, Jill P Ginsberg, Alexandra M Psihogios, Elizabeth Ver Hoeve, Lisa K Tuchman
Objective: The development of the Transition Readiness Inventory (TRI) item pool for adolescent and young adult childhood cancer survivors is described, aiming to both advance transition research and provide an example of the application of NIH Patient Reported Outcomes Information System methods. Methods: Using rigorous measurement development methods including mixed methods, patient and parent versions of the TRI item pool were created based on the Social-ecological Model of Adolescent and young adult Readiness for Transition (SMART)...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045750/aging-and-hiv-related-caregiving-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-social-ecological-approach
#2
Jeon Small, Carolyn Aldwin, Paul Kowal, Somnath Chatterji, Rachel Pruchno
Background and Objectives: We reviewed the literature on older adults (OAs) who are caring for persons living with HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), with the goal of adapting models of caregiver stress and coping to include culturally relevant and contextually appropriate factors specific to SSA, drawing on both life course and cultural capital theories. Research Design and Methods: A systematic literature search found 81 articles published between 1975 and 2016 which were reviewed using a narrative approach...
October 17, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043912/latina-young-adults-use-of-health-care-during-initial-months-in-the-united-states
#3
Frank R Dillon, Melissa M Ertl, Dylan A Corp, Rosa Babino, Mario De La Rosa
We examined social ecological predictors of health care utilization among Latina young adults during their initial year after immigration to the United States. Participants were 530 Latinas (ages 18-23) who immigrated to Miami-Dade County, Florida, 11.5 months before assessment. We used multiple logistic regression to test predictors of health care usage. Approximately 36% utilized care. Dimensions of marianismo differentially associated with usage. Usage also was more likely for participants who reported more social network attachment, better health, greater neighborhood cohesion, and possessed a job and health insurance...
October 18, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035688/why-social-relationships-are-important-for-physical-health-a-systems-approach-to-understanding-and-modifying-risk-and-protection
#4
Julianne Holt-Lunstad
Social relationships are adaptive and crucial for survival. This review presents existing evidence that our social connections to others have powerful influences on health and longevity and that lacking social connection qualifies as a risk factor for premature mortality. A systems perspective is presented as a framework by which to move social connection into the realm of public health. Individuals, and health-relevant biological processes, exist within larger social contexts including the family, neighborhood and community, and society and culture...
October 16, 2017: Annual Review of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035006/applying-systems-thinking-to-inform-studies-of-wildlife-trade-in-primates
#5
Mary E Blair, Minh D Le, Hoàng M Thạch, Anna Panariello, Ngọc B Vũ, Mark G Birchette, Gautam Sethi, Eleanor J Sterling
Wildlife trade presents a major threat to primate populations, which are in demand from local to international scales for a variety of uses from food and traditional medicine to the exotic pet trade. We argue that an interdisciplinary framework to facilitate integration of socioeconomic, anthropological, and biological data across multiple spatial and temporal scales is essential to guide the study of wildlife trade dynamics and its impacts on primate populations. Here, we present a new way to design research on wildlife trade in primates using a systems thinking framework...
October 16, 2017: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030755/social-ecological-system-responses-to-hurricane-sandy-in-the-hudson-raritan-estuary
#6
Megan Rothenberger, Andrea Armstrong, Mia Spitz
The impact of Hurricane Sandy on the Hudson-Raritan estuary (HRE) provided a valuable case study for exploring interactions between long-term environmental degradation, new climatic disturbance stressors, and human behavioral responses. We extend previous research on the ecological effects of major storms to compare water quality and biological parameters three years before and three years after Hurricane Sandy and consider how ecosystem shifts relate to anglers' perceptions. Results indicate that water clarity and nutrients returned to pre-storm conditions in about one year, while shifts in the biological community, including a significant increase in harmful algal species and declines in zooplankton and Atlantic menhaden, persisted for multiple years, and anglers continued to fish amidst ecosystem decline...
October 13, 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019631/disparities-in-life-course-outcomes-for-transition-aged-youth-with-disabilities
#7
Kruti Acharya, Regina Meza, Michael E Msall
Close to 750,000 youth with special health care needs transition to adult health care in the United States every year; however, less than one-half receive transition-planning services. Using the "F-words" organizing framework, this article explores life course outcomes and disparities in transition-aged youth with disabilities, with a special focus on youth with autism, Down syndrome, and cerebral palsy. Despite the importance of transition, a review of the available literature revealed that (1) youth with disabilities continue to have poor outcomes in all six "F-words" domains (ie, function, family, fitness, fun, friends, and future) and (2) transition outcomes vary by race/ethnicity and disability...
October 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993391/evaluating-a-novel-integrated-community-of-care-icoc-for-patients-from-an-urbanised-low-income-community-in-singapore-using-the-participatory-action-research-par-methodology-a-study-protocol
#8
Lian Leng Low, Adlina Maulod, Kheng Hock Lee
INTRODUCTION: Poorer health outcomes and disproportionate healthcare use in socioeconomically disadvantaged patients is well established. However, there is sparse literature on effective integrated care interventions that specifically target these high-risk individuals. The Integrated Community of Care (ICoC) is a novel care model that integrates hospital-based transitional care with health and social care in the community for high-risk individuals living in socially deprived communities...
October 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989757/limited-evidence-for-third-party-affiliation-during-development-in-wild-chimpanzees-pan-troglodytes-schweinfurthii
#9
Jordan A Miller, Margaret A Stanton, Elizabeth V Lonsdorf, Kaitlin R Wellens, A Catherine Markham, Carson M Murray
Examining the ontogeny of conflict-mitigating behaviours in our closest living relatives is an important component of understanding the evolutionary origins of cooperation in our species. In this study, we used 26 years of data to investigate the emergence of third-party affiliation (TPA), defined as affiliative contact given to recipients of aggression by uninvolved bystanders (regardless of initiation), in wild immature eastern chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) of Gombe National Park, Tanzania...
September 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985096/parents-perspectives-of-physical-activity-in-their-adult-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-social-ecological-approach
#10
Alice M Buchanan, Benjamin Miedema, Georgia C Frey
The purpose of this study was to investigate parent perceptions of the physical activity (PA) engagement of their adult children with autism spectrum disorders. The theoretical framework used in this study was social ecology. Participants were nine parents from families with one adult child with autism spectrum disorder whose ages ranged from 18 to 42. Using phenomenological interviews, which explored parents' life experience and meaning making, four themes were generated: supports and advocacy for PA, engaging in PA independently, benefits of PA, and barriers to or reasons for disengaging in particular activities...
October 6, 2017: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969899/factors-affecting-nutrition-and-physical-activity-behaviors-of-hispanic-families-with-young-children-implications-for-obesity-policies-and-programs
#11
Jamie Stang, Zobeida Bonilla
OBJECTIVE: To determine preferred policies and programs to prevent obesity and diabetes as identified by parents and caregivers of 3- to 5-year-old Latino children. DESIGN: Constructs from the Social Ecological Model were used to develop 10 focus group and key informant interview questions. SETTING: Community venues and schools in St Paul, MN. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 64 parents and caregivers and 20 key informants provided comments...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965489/barriers-and-facilitators-of-the-hiv-care-continuum-in-southern-new-england-for-people-with-drug-or-alcohol-use-and-living-with-hiv-aids-perspectives-of-hiv-surveillance-experts-and-service-providers
#12
Lauretta E Grau, Abbie Griffiths-Kundishora, Robert Heimer, Marguerite Hutcheson, Amy Nunn, Caitlin Towey, Thomas J Stopka
BACKGROUND: Contemporary studies about HIV care continuum (HCC) outcomes within substance using populations primarily focus on individual risk factors rather than provider- or systems-level influences. Over 25% of people living with HIV (PLWH) have substance use disorders that can alter their path through the HCC. As part of a study of HCC outcomes in nine small cities in Southern New England (population 100,000-200,000 and relatively high HIV prevalence particularly among substance users), this qualitative analysis sought to understand public health staff and HIV service providers' perspectives on how substance use may influence HCC outcomes...
October 2, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953932/examining-the-social-ecology-of-a-bar-crawl-an-exploratory-pilot-study
#13
John D Clapp, Danielle R Madden, Douglas D Mooney, Kristin E Dahlquist
Many of the problems associated with alcohol occur after a single drinking event (e.g. drink driving, assault). These acute alcohol problems have a huge global impact and account for a large percentage of unintentional and intentional injuries in the world. Nonetheless, alcohol research and preventive interventions rarely focus on drinking at the event-level since drinking events are complex, dynamic, and methodologically challenging to observe. This exploratory study provides an example of how event-level data may be collected, analyzed, and interpreted...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946378/social-ecological-innovation-in-remote-mountain-areas-adaptive-responses-of-forest-dependent-communities-to-the-challenges-of-a-changing-world
#14
Mariana Melnykovych, Maria Nijnik, Ihor Soloviy, Albert Nijnik, Simo Sarkki, Yurij Bihun
To better understand how constantly changing human-environment interactions could be better organized to respond to current challenges, we examined the Ukrainian Carpathians as an example case of complex forest social-ecological systems (FSES). We did it by interviewing diverse and relevant local stakeholder (N=450). In particular, we strived to: i) outline how people and nature are linked and interact in coupled FSES; ii) examine the preferences of stakeholders on the forests and associated ecosystem services (ES); iii) map key drivers threatening well-being of FSES and iv) identify potential responses to address the challenges at a local scale...
September 21, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944518/scenarios-reveal-pathways-to-sustain-future-ecosystem-services-in-an-agricultural-landscape
#15
Jiangxiao Qiu, Stephen R Carpenter, Eric G Booth, Melissa Motew, Samuel C Zipper, Christopher J Kucharik, Xi Chen, Steven P Loheide, Jenny Seifert, Monica G Turner
Sustaining food production, water quality, soil retention, flood and climate regulation in agricultural landscapes is a pressing global challenge given accelerating environmental changes. Scenarios are stories about plausible futures, and scenarios can be integrated with biophysical simulation models to explore quantitatively how the future might unfold. However, few studies have incorporated a wide range of drivers (e.g., climate, land-use, management, population, human diet) in spatially explicit, process-based models to investigate spatial-temporal dynamics and relationships of a portfolio of ecosystem services...
September 25, 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943670/african-american-girls-ideal-dating-relationship-now-and-in-the-future
#16
Katrina J Debnam, Donna E Howard, Mary A Garza, Kerry M Green
Adolescence is a particularly important and challenging time for developing long lasting romantic relationship patterns. However, limited empirical research has explored teen perceptions of ideal partner characteristics during adolescence or their significance to the quality of current and future relationships. Semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with 33 African American high school girls to shed light on the qualities desired in their dating relationships and relational factors that influence teen dating behaviors...
2017: Youth & Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941786/preventing-gender-based-violence-victimization-in-adolescent-girls-in-lower-income-countries-systematic-review-of-reviews
#17
REVIEW
Kathryn M Yount, Kathleen H Krause, Stephanie S Miedema
This systematic review of reviews synthesizes evidence on the impact of interventions to prevent violence against adolescent girls and young women 10-24 years (VAWG) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Theories of women's empowerment and the social ecology of multifaceted violence frame the review. Child abuse, female genital mutilation/cutting (FGMC), child marriage, intimate partner violence (IPV), and sexual violence were focal outcomes. Our review followed the Assessment of Multiple Systematic Reviews (AMSTAR) for the systematic review of reviews, and the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) for a systematic review of recent intervention studies...
September 11, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934898/rethinking-hiv-prevention-for-school-going-young-people-based-on-current-behaviour-patterns
#18
Maretha Visser
The aim of the research was to gain increased knowledge regarding the sexual risk behaviour of school-going young people in South Africa after two decades of HIV-education in schools, to contribute to the development of improved HIV prevention strategies. In collaboration with the Department of Education, a sample of 5305 learners (between 10 and 18 years in Grades 5-12) from high-risk communities were identified. They completed a survey that assessed self-reported sexual risk behaviour and variables that potentially underlie sexual risk, such as attitudes towards preventive behaviour, perceived social norms and self-efficacy (based on the theory of planned behaviour [TPB]) and social factors like caregiver relationships and gender norms (based on the social ecological theory)...
December 2017: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927355/the-promise-of-qualitative-research-to-inform-theory-to-address-health-equity
#19
Rachel C Shelton, Derek M Griffith, Michelle C Kegler
Most public health researchers and practitioners agree that we need to accelerate our efforts to eliminate health disparities and promote health equity. The past two decades of research have provided a wealth of descriptive studies, both qualitative and quantitative, that describe the size, scale, and scope of health disparities, as well as the key determinants that affect disparities. We need, however, to shift more aggressively to action informed by this research and develop deeper understandings of how to shape multilevel interventions, influenced by theories across multiple levels of the social-ecologic framework...
October 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925065/barriers-to-and-enablers-of-healthy-lifestyle-behaviours-in-adolescents-with-obesity-a-scoping-review-and-stakeholder-consultation
#20
REVIEW
M Kebbe, S Damanhoury, N Browne, M P Dyson, T-L F McHugh, G D C Ball
Healthy lifestyle behaviours are key to successful weight management, but have proven to be challenging to attain for adolescents with obesity. The purpose of our scoping review was to (i) describe barriers and enablers that adolescents with obesity encounter for healthy nutrition, physical activity, sedentary behaviour and sleep habits and (ii) identify gaps in the literature. We adhered to established methodology for scoping reviews. Six databases were searched (1980-June 2016) for original articles published in English or French that focused on lifestyle behaviours of 13- to 17-year-olds in paediatric weight management...
September 18, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
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