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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234664/perceptions-of-important-characteristics-of-physical-activity-facilities-implications-for-engagement-in-walking-moderate-and-vigorous-physical-activity
#1
Katie M Heinrich, Christopher K Haddock, Natinee Jitnarin, Joseph Hughey, LaVerne A Berkel, Walker S C Poston
Background: Although few United States adults meet physical activity recommendations, those that do are more likely to access to physical activity facilities. Additionally, vigorous exercisers may be more likely to utilize a nearby physical activity facility, while light-to-moderate exercisers are less likely to do so. However, it is unclear what characteristics of those facilities are most important as well as how those characteristics are related to activity intensity. Purpose: This study examined relationships between self-reported leisure-time physical activities and the use of and perceived characteristics of physical activity facilities...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232545/influence-of-the-social-determinants-of-health-on-access-to-healthcare-services-among-refugees-in-australia
#2
Jessica Taylor, Greer Lamaro Haintz
Refugees in Australia are not fully utilising the healthcare system for several reasons and this may be affecting their overall health outcomes. This qualitative systematic review examined the influence of the social determinants of health on refugees' access to healthcare services in Australia. Electronic databases were searched using terms relating to refugees, social determinants, healthcare services, barriers, enablers and Australia. Only peer-reviewed studies published in English since 2006, which focused on refugees and specifically discussed social determinants influencing refugees' access to healthcare services in Australia, were included...
December 13, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224552/factors-influencing-the-eating-practices-of-hospital-nurses-during-their-shifts
#3
Tina Monaghan, Lauren Dinour, Doreen Liou, Melanie Shefchik
The purpose of this study was to identify factors influencing hospital nurses' dietary practices during their shifts. Semistructured interviews grounded in the Social Ecological Model focused on individual, interpersonal, organizational, and public policy factors affecting intake. Responses from 20 female nurses were qualitatively coded and categorized based on common themes. Four major themes emerged: occupational characteristics, hesitation to take breaks, influence of unhealthy food, and organizational and industry policies...
December 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223686/nourishing-networks-a-social-ecological-analysis-of-a-network-intervention-for-improving-household-nutrition-in-western-kenya
#4
Autumn L DeLorme, Erika R Gavenus, Charles R Salmen, Gor Ouma Benard, Brian Mattah, Elizabeth Bukusi, Kathryn J Fiorella
RATIONALE: A growing body of research emphasizes the need to engage social networks in maternal and child nutrition interventions. However, an understanding of how interventions functionally engage not only mothers but fathers, grandparents, friends, and other social network members remains limited. OBJECTIVE: This study uses an adaptation of a social-ecological model to analyze the multiple levels at which the Kanyakla Nutrition Program operates to change behavior...
November 20, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221592/ecosystem-features-determine-seagrass-community-response-to-sea-otter-foraging
#5
Margot Hessing-Lewis, Erin U Rechsteiner, Brent B Hughes, M Tim Tinker, Zachary L Monteith, Angeleen M Olson, Matthew Morgan Henderson, Jane C Watson
Comparing sea otter recovery in California (CA) and British Columbia (BC) reveals key ecosystem properties that shape top-down effects in seagrass communities. We review potential ecosystem drivers of sea otter foraging in CA and BC seagrass beds, including the role of coastline complexity and environmental stress on sea otter effects. In BC, we find greater species richness across seagrass trophic assemblages. Furthermore, Cancer spp. crabs, an important link in the seagrass trophic cascade observed in CA, are less common...
December 5, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214658/identifying-environmental-barriers-to-participation-usability-of-a-health-literacy-informed-problem-identification-approach-for-parents-of-young-children-with-developmental-disabilities
#6
J M Kramer, I T Hwang, M Levin, D Acevedo-García, L Rosenfeld
BACKGROUND: Parents of very young children recently diagnosed with developmental disabilities (DD) need to identify environmental barriers to their children's participation and adopt an adaptive orientation to solving these problems. Given the health service disparities for diverse families, parents may benefit from easy to use problem-identification approaches that address environmental barriers stemming from community and policy contexts. This feasibility study evaluated the usability of a health literacy-informed, structured, environment-focused problem-identification approach for parents of young children with DD...
December 7, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210012/the-invisibility-of-fisheries-in-the-process-of-hydropower-development-across-the-amazon
#7
Carolina Rodrigues da Costa Doria, Simone Athayde, Elineide E Marques, Maria Alice Leite Lima, Jynessa Dutka-Gianelli, Mauro Luis Ruffino, David Kaplan, Carlos E C Freitas, Victoria N Isaac
We analyze the invisibility of fisheries and inadequacy of fishers' participation in the process of hydropower development in the Amazon, focusing on gaps between legally mandated and actual outcomes. Using Ostrom's institutional design principles for assessing common-pool resource management, we selected five case studies from Brazilian Amazonian watersheds to conduct an exploratory comparative case-study analysis. We identify similar problems across basins, including deficiencies in the dam licensing process; critical data gaps; inadequate stakeholder participation; violation of human rights; neglect of fishers' knowledge; lack of organization and representation by fishers' groups; and lack of governmental structure and capacity to manage dam construction activities or support fishers after dam construction...
December 5, 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208254/assessing-mobile-health-capacity-and-task-shifting-strategies-to-improve-hypertension-among-ghanaian-stroke-survivors
#8
Michelle Nichols, Fred Stephen Sarfo, Arti Singh, Suparna Qanungo, Frank Treiber, Bruce Ovbiagele, Raelle Saulson, Sachin Patel, Carolyn Jenkins
BACKGROUND: There has been a tremendous surge in stroke prevalence in sub-Saharan Africa. Hypertension (HTN), the most potent, modifiable risk factor for stroke, is a particular challenge in sub-Saharan Africa. Culturally sensitive, efficacious HTN control programs that are timely and sustainable are needed, especially among stroke survivors. Mobile health (mHealth) technology and task-shifting offer promising approaches to address this need. METHODS: Using a concurrent triangulation design, we collected data from stroke survivors, caregivers, community leaders, clinicians and hospital personnel to explore the barriers, facilitators and perceptions toward mHealth related to HTN management among poststroke survivors in Ghana...
December 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199629/exploring-the-association-of-urban-or-rural-county-status-and-environmental-nutrition-and-lifestyle-related-resources-with-the-efficacy-of-snap-ed-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-education-to-improve-food-security
#9
Rebecca L Rivera, Jennifer Dunne, Melissa K Maulding, Qi Wang, Dennis A Savaiano, Sharon M Nickols-Richardson, Heather A Eicher-Miller
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of policy, systems and environmental factors with improvement in household food security among low-income Indiana households with children after a Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-Education (SNAP-Ed) direct nutrition education intervention. DESIGN: Household food security scores measured by the eighteen-item US Household Food Security Survey Module in a longitudinal randomized and controlled SNAP-Ed intervention study conducted from August 2013 to April 2015 were the response variable...
December 4, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189503/indicators-for-evaluating-community-and-societal-level-risk-and-protective-factors-for-violence-prevention-findings-from-a-review-of-the-literature
#10
Theresa L Armstead, Natalie Wilkins, Amanda Doreson
Programs geared toward preventing violence before it occurs at the community and societal levels of the social ecology are particularly challenging to evaluate. These programs are often focused on impacting the antecedents (or risk and protective factors) to violence, making it difficult to determine program success when solely relying on measures of violence reduction. The goal of this literature review is to identify indicators to measure risk and protective factors for violence that are accessible and measured at the community level...
January 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187624/delayed-behavioural-shifts-undermine-the-sustainability-of-social-ecological-systems
#11
A-S Lafuite, C de Mazancourt, M Loreau
Natural habitat destruction and fragmentation generate a time-delayed loss of species and associated ecosystem services. As social-ecological systems (SESs) depend on a range of ecosystem services, lagged ecological dynamics may affect their long-term sustainability. Here, we investigate the role of consumption changes for sustainability, under a time-delayed ecological feedback on agricultural production. We use a stylized model that couples the dynamics of biodiversity, technology, human demography and compliance with a social norm prescribing sustainable consumption...
December 13, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181611/human-wildlife-interactions-predict-febrile-illness-in-park-landscapes-of-western-uganda
#12
Jonathan Salerno, Noam Ross, Ria Ghai, Michael Mahero, Dominic A Travis, Thomas R Gillespie, Joel Hartter
Fevers of unknown origin complicate treatment and prevention of infectious diseases and are a global health burden. We examined risk factors of self-reported fever-categorized as "malarial" and "nonmalarial"-in households adjacent to national parks across the Ugandan Albertine Rift, a biodiversity and emerging infectious disease hotspot. Statistical models fitted to these data suggest that perceived nonmalarial fevers of unknown origin were associated with more frequent direct contact with wildlife and with increased distance from parks where wildlife habitat is limited to small forest fragments...
November 27, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167925/why-do-children-and-adolescents-bully-their-peers-a-critical-review-of-key-theoretical-frameworks
#13
REVIEW
Hannah J Thomas, Jason P Connor, James G Scott
Bullying is a significant public health problem for children and adolescents worldwide. Evidence suggests that both being bullied (bullying victimisation) and bullying others (bullying perpetration) are associated with concurrent and future mental health problems. The onset and course of bullying perpetration are influenced by individual as well as systemic factors. Identifying effective solutions to address bullying requires a fundamental understanding of why it occurs. Drawing from multi-disciplinary domains, this review provides a summary and synthesis of the key theoretical frameworks applied to understanding and intervening on the issue of bullying...
November 22, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165134/level-and-potential-social-ecological-factors-associated-with-physical-inactivity-and-sedentary-behavior-among-moroccan-school-age-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Abdelghaffar El-Ammari, Hicham El Kazdouh, Siham Bouftini, Samira El Fakir, Youness El Achhab
BACKGROUND: Creating a successful intervention that supports an active lifestyle and prevents sedentary one requires a better understanding of the factors associated with physical inactivity (PI) and sedentary behavior (SB). However, these factors have not been assessed among Moroccan adolescents. This study aimed to determine prevalence of PI and SB and to explore their potential social-ecological associated factors in school-age adolescents. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 764 students (age range, 14-19 years) were enrolled from six schools in Taza city, Morocco...
May 18, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157274/evaluating-implementation-of-the-world-health-organization-s-strategic-approach-to-strengthening-sexual-and-reproductive-health-policies-and-programs-to-address-unintended-pregnancy-and-unsafe-abortion
#15
Shusmita Rashid, Julia E Moore, Caitlyn Timmings, Joshua P Vogel, Bela Ganatra, Dina N Khan, Radha Sayal, A Metin Gülmezoglu, Sharon E Straus
BACKGROUND: We conducted a process evaluation to assess how the World Health Organization's (WHO) Strategic Approach to strengthening sexual and reproductive health policies and programs ("the SA") was used in 15 countries that requested WHO's technical support in addressing unintended pregnancy and unsafe abortion. The SA is a three-stage planning, policy, and program implementation process. We used the social ecological model (SEM) to analyze the contextual factors that influenced SA implementation...
November 21, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137812/crowdsourcing-conservation-the-role-of-citizen-science-in-securing-a-future-for-seagrass
#16
Benjamin L Jones, Richard K F Unsworth, Len J McKenzie, Rudi L Yoshida, Leanne C Cullen-Unsworth
Seagrass meadows are complex social-ecological systems. Understanding seagrass meadows demands a fresh approach integrating "the human dimension". Citizen science is widely acknowledged for providing significant contributions to science, education, society and policy. Although the take up of citizen science in the marine environment has been slow, the need for such methods to fill vast information gaps is arguably great. Seagrass meadows are easy to access and provide an example of where citizen science is expanding...
November 11, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119653/a-social-ecological-framework-a-model-for-addressing-ethical-practice-in-nursing
#17
P M Davidson, C H Rushton, M Kurtz, B Wise, D Jackson, A Beaman, M Broome
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To develop a framework to enable discussion, debate and the formulation of interventions to address ethical issues in nursing practice. BACKGROUND: Social, cultural, political and economic drivers are rapidly changing the landscape of health care in our local environments but also in a global context. Increasingly, nurses are faced with a range of ethical dilemmas in their work. This requires investigation into the culture of health care systems and organisations to identify the root causes and address the barriers and enablers of ethical practice...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114717/the-quality-of-australian-indigenous-primary-health-care-research-focusing-on-social-and-emotional-wellbeing-a-systematic-review
#18
Sara Farnbach, Anne-Maree Eades, Jamie K Fernando, Josephine D Gwynn, Nick Glozier, Maree L Hackett
Objectives and importance of the study: Primary health care research focused on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Indigenous) people is needed to ensure that key frontline services provide evidence based and culturally appropriate care. We systematically reviewed the published primary health care literature to identify research designs, processes and outcomes, and assess the scientific quality of research focused on social and emotional wellbeing. This will inform future research to improve evidence based, culturally appropriate primary health care...
October 11, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104857/complex-active-travel-bout-motivations-gender-place-and-social-context-associations
#19
Barbara B Brown, Ken R Smith
Active travel bouts are healthy, but bout-specific motives, social, and physical contexts have been poorly characterized. Adults (n= 421 in 2012, 436 in 2013) described their moderate activity bouts over the past week, aided by accelerometry/GPS data integration. Participants viewed maps indicating date, time, and starting and ending locations of their past week moderate-to-vigorous active travel bouts of 3 or more minutes. These prompts helped participants recall their social and physical contexts and motives for the bouts...
September 2017: Journal of Transport & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104367/triggers-of-the-postural-display-of-courtship-in-drosophila-persimilis-flies
#20
Mónica Vega Hernández, Caroline Cecile Gabrielle Fabre
D. persimilis courtship shows some flexibility and courting males sometimes perform an elaborate postural display in addition to the standard courtship behaviours shared by most Drosophila species. This postural display includes the acrobatic contortion and tremulation of their abdomen, accompanied by the generation of substrate-borne vibrations, and they proffer a nutritional droplet to the female. Here, we use courtship and choice assays to ask what triggers this display and what advantages males may gain from it during courtship...
2017: Journal of Insect Behavior
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