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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425128/understanding-the-effects-of-different-social-data-on-selecting-priority-conservation-areas
#1
Azadeh Karimi, Ayesha I T Tulloch, Greg Brown, Marc Hockings
Conservation success is contingent on assessing social as well as environmental factors so that cost-effective implementation of strategies and actions can be placed in a broad social-ecological context. Until now, the focus has been on how to include spatially-explicit social data in conservation planning, whereas the value of different kinds of social data has received limited attention. In a regional systematic conservation planning case study in Australia, we examined the spatial concurrence of a range of spatially-explicit social values and preferences collected using public participation GIS (PPGIS) methods with biological data...
April 20, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422352/places-and-social-contexts-associated-with-simultaneous-use-of-alcohol-tobacco-and-marijuana-among-young-adults
#2
Sharon Lipperman-Kreda, Mallie J Paschall, Saltz Robert F, Christopher N Morrison
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Little is known about social-ecological correlates of simultaneous use of alcohol with other substances. This study examined places and social contexts associated with simultaneous use of alcohol, tobacco and marijuana among young adults. DESIGN AND METHODS: We used survey data obtained from 1538 young adult recent alcohol drinkers (49% male; 18-30 years old) in 24 non-contiguous cities in California. Event-level measures included alcohol, tobacco and marijuana use, drinking places and social characteristics of the event...
April 19, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418818/-it-is-not-the-diet-it-is-the-mental-part-we-need-help-with-a-multilevel-analysis-of-psychological-emotional-and-social-well-being-in-obesity
#3
Kathryn Rand, Michael Vallis, Megan Aston, Sheri Price, Helena Piccinini-Vallis, Laurene Rehman, Sara F L Kirk
In this research, we explored the psychological, emotional, and social experiences of individuals living with obesity, and perceptions of health care providers. We conducted a theoretical thematic analysis using two theoretical frameworks applied to transcripts from a previous qualitative study. Themes from a mental well-being framework were subsequently categorized under five environmental levels of the Social-Ecological Model (SEM). Key mental well-being themes appeared across all levels of the SEM, except the policy level...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412766/integrative-governance-of-environmental-water-in-australia-s-murray-darling-basin-evolving-challenges-and-emerging-pathways
#4
Zachary Bischoff-Mattson, Amanda H Lynch
Integration, a widely promoted response to the multi-scale complexities of social-environmental sustainability, is diversely and sometimes poorly conceptualized. In this paper we explore integrative governance, which we define as an iterative and contextual process for negotiating and advancing the common interest. We ground this definition in a discussion of institutional factors conditioning integrative governance of environmental water in Australia's Murray-Darling Basin. The Murray-Darling Basin is an iconic system of social-ecological complexity, evocative of large-scale conservation challenges in other developed arid river basins...
April 15, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407599/a-structured-participatory-method-to-support-policy-option-analysis-in-a-social-ecological-system
#5
Sara Mehryar, Richard Sliuzas, Ali Sharifi, Diana Reckien, Martin van Maarseveen
In this study we demonstrate how to support policy option analysis for a problematic Social-Ecological System (SES) with the help of stakeholder participation. SES sustainability problems 1) are highly complex, 2) may lack reliable data, 3) encompass conflicting interests and 4) may require contradictory management interventions. Our approach uses a structured participatory method combining the Driver-Pressure-State-Impact-Response (DPSIR) model together with Fuzzy Cognitive Mapping (FCM) to capture the complexity of the system and simplify its representation for simulation and policy option analysis...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407367/a-review-of-early-influences-on-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviors-of-preschool-age-children-in-high-income-countries
#6
REVIEW
Ana Cristina Lindsay, Mary L Greaney, Sherrie F Wallington, Tatiana Mesa, Carlos F Salas
PURPOSE: Promoting physical activity (PA) is a key component of preventing and controlling childhood obesity. Despite well-documented benefits of PA, globally, rates of PA among young children have declined over the past decades, and most children are not accruing sufficient PA daily. Helping children develop the foundation for PA habits early in life is critical for the promotion of health in childhood and prevention of chronic diseases later in life, and will ultimately promote longer and healthier lives for individuals and the general population...
April 13, 2017: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406598/factors-associated-with-sex-work-involvement-among-transgender-women-in-jamaica-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Carmen H Logie, Ying Wang, Ashley Lacombe-Duncan, Nicolette Jones, Uzma Ahmed, Kandasi Levermore, Ava Neil, Tyrone Ellis, Nicolette Bryan, Annecka Marshall, Peter A Newman
INTRODUCTION: Transgender women are disproportionately impacted by HIV. Transgender women involved in sex work may experience exacerbated violence, social exclusion, and HIV vulnerabilities, in comparison with non-sex work-involved transgender women. Scant research has investigated sex work among transgender women in the Caribbean, including Jamaica, where transgender women report pervasive violence. The study objective was to examine factors associated with sex work involvement among transgender women in Jamaica...
April 6, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406274/barriers-and-facilitators-to-hiv-testing-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-transgender-women-in-kingston-jamaica-a-qualitative-study
#8
Carmen H Logie, Ashley Lacombe-Duncan, Natasha Brien, Nicolette Jones, Nakia Lee-Foon, Kandasi Levermore, Annecka Marshall, Laura Nyblade, Peter A Newman
INTRODUCTION: Young men who have sex with men (MSM) in Jamaica have the highest HIV prevalence in the Caribbean. There is little information about HIV among transgender women in Jamaica, who are also overrepresented in the Caribbean epidemic. HIV-related stigma is a barrier to HIV testing among Jamaica's general population, yet little is known of MSM and transgender women's HIV testing experiences in Jamaica. We explored perceived barriers and facilitators to HIV testing among young MSM and transgender women in Kingston, Jamaica...
March 3, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375177/how-to-tackle-key-challenges-in-the-promotion-of-physical-activity-among-older-adults-65-the-aequipa-network-approach
#9
Sarah Forberger, Karin Bammann, Jürgen Bauer, Susanne Boll, Gabriele Bolte, Tilman Brand, Andreas Hein, Frauke Koppelin, Sonia Lippke, Jochen Meyer, Claudia R Pischke, Claudia Voelcker-Rehage, Hajo Zeeb
The paper introduces the theoretical framework and methods/instruments used by the Physical Activity and Health Equity: Primary Prevention for Healthy Ageing (AEQUIPA) prevention research network as an interdisciplinary approach to tackle key challenges in the promotion of physical activity among older people (65+). Drawing on the social-ecological model, the AEQUIPA network developed an interdisciplinary methodological design including quantitative/qualitative studies and systematic reviews, while combining expertise from diverse fields: public health, psychology, urban planning, sports sciences, health technology and geriatrics...
April 4, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372560/fish-sharing-as-a-risk-factor-for-opisthorchis-viverrini-infection-evidence-from-two-villages-in-north-eastern-thailand
#10
Parichat Saenna, Cameron Hurst, Pierre Echaubard, Bruce A Wilcox, Banchob Sripa
BACKGROUND: Foodborne trematodiasis (FBT) is a significant global health problem, with the liver flukes Opisthorchis viverrini, O. felineus, and Clonorchis sinensis contributing to half of the global burden of FBT. North-eastern Thailand where O. viverrini is endemic and un-cooked fish dishes remain an integral part of the food culture has the highest reported incidence of opisthorchiasis, including associated cholangiocarcinoma. Both food sharing and eating practices are potentially important factors in FTB, suggesting an important role for the social ecology of disease transmission in these rural communities...
April 4, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370069/linking-social-ecological-and-physical-science-to-advance-natural-and-nature-based-protection-for-coastal-communities
#11
REVIEW
Katie K Arkema, Robert Griffin, Sergio Maldonado, Jessica Silver, Jenny Suckale, Anne D Guerry
Interest in the role that ecosystems play in reducing the impacts of coastal hazards has grown dramatically. Yet the magnitude and nature of their effects are highly context dependent, making it difficult to know under what conditions coastal habitats, such as saltmarshes, reefs, and forests, are likely to be effective for saving lives and protecting property. We operationalize the concept of natural and nature-based solutions for coastal protection by adopting an ecosystem services framework that propagates the outcome of a management action through ecosystems to societal benefits...
March 30, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361502/achieving-pregnancy-safely-for-hiv-serodiscordant-couples-a-social-ecological-approach
#12
REVIEW
Haneefa T Saleem, Manjulaa Narasimhan, Julie A Denison, Caitlin E Kennedy
The recognition and fulfilment of the sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) of all individuals and couples affected by HIV, including HIV-serodiscordant couples, requires intervention strategies aimed at achieving safe and healthy pregnancies and preventing undesired pregnancies. Reducing risk of horizontal and vertical transmission and addressing HIV-related infertility are key components of such interventions. In this commentary, we present challenges and opportunities for achieving safe pregnancies for serodiscordant couples through a social ecological lens...
March 8, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358905/violent-relationships-at-the-social-ecological-level-a-multi-mediation-model-to-predict-adolescent-victimization-by-peers-bullying-and-depression-in-early-and-late-adolescence
#13
Xavier Oriol, Rafael Miranda, Alberto Amutio, Hedy C Acosta, Michelle C Mendoza, Javier Torres-Vallejos
BACKGROUND: From the social-ecological perspective, exposure to violence at the different developmental levels is fundamental to explain the dynamics of violence and victimization in educational centers. The following study aims at analyzing how these relationships are produced in the Peruvian context, where structural violence situations exist. METHODS: A multi-mediation structural model with 21,416 Peruvian adolescents (M = 13.69; SD = 0.71) was conducted to determine the influence of violence in the school environment on violence perceived within school and violence exercised by teachers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340973/multilevel-interventions-targeting-obesity-research-recommendations-for-vulnerable-populations
#14
June Stevens, Charlotte Pratt, Josephine Boyington, Cheryl Nelson, Kimberly P Truesdale, Dianne S Ward, Leslie Lytle, Nancy E Sherwood, Thomas N Robinson, Shirley Moore, Shari Barkin, Ying Kuen Cheung, David M Murray
INTRODUCTION: The origins of obesity are complex and multifaceted. To be successful, an intervention aiming to prevent or treat obesity may need to address multiple layers of biological, social, and environmental influences. METHODS: NIH recognizes the importance of identifying effective strategies to combat obesity, particularly in high-risk and disadvantaged populations with heightened susceptibility to obesity and subsequent metabolic sequelae. To move this work forward, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, in collaboration with the NIH Office of Behavioral and Social Science Research and NIH Office of Disease Prevention convened a working group to inform research on multilevel obesity interventions in vulnerable populations...
January 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334680/assessing-driving-forces-of-land-use-and-land-cover-change-by-a-mixed-method-approach-in-north-eastern-ghana-west-africa
#15
Janina Kleemann, Gülendam Baysal, Henry N N Bulley, Christine Fürst
Land use and land cover change (LULCC) is the result of complex human-environmental interactions. The high interdependencies in social-ecological systems make it difficult to identify the main drivers. However, knowledge of key drivers of LULCC, including indirect (underlying) drivers which cannot be easily determined by spatial or economic analyses, is essential for land use planning and especially important in developing countries. We used a mixed-method approach in order to detect drivers of LULCC in the Upper East Region of northern Ghana by different qualitative and quantitative methods which were compared in a confidence level analysis...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330388/identifying-synergies-in-multilevel-interventions
#16
Megan A Lewis, Tania M Fitzgerald, Brittany Zulkiewicz, Susana Peinado, Pamela A Williams
Social ecological models of health often describe multiple levels of influence that interact to influence health. However, it is still common for interventions to target only one or two of these levels, perhaps owing in part to a lack of guidance on how to design multilevel interventions to achieve optimal impact. The convergence strategy emphasizes that interventions at different levels mutually reinforce each other by changing patterns of interaction among two or more intervention audiences; this strategy is one approach for combining interventions at different levels to produce synergistic effects...
April 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306717/barriers-to-dog-rabies-vaccination-during-an-urban-rabies-outbreak-qualitative-findings-from-arequipa-peru
#17
Ricardo Castillo-Neyra, Joanna Brown, Katty Borrini, Claudia Arevalo, Michael Z Levy, Alison Buttenheim, Gabrielle C Hunter, Victor Becerra, Jere Behrman, Valerie A Paz-Soldan
BACKGROUND: Canine rabies was reintroduced to the city of Arequipa, Peru in March 2015. The Ministry of Health has conducted a series of mass dog vaccination campaigns to contain the outbreak, but canine rabies virus transmission continues in Arequipa's complex urban environment, putting the city's 1 million inhabitants at risk of infection. The proximate driver of canine rabies in Arequipa is low dog vaccination coverage. Our objectives were to qualitatively assess barriers to and facilitators of rabies vaccination during mass campaigns, and to explore strategies to increase participation in future efforts...
March 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289265/contact-structure-mobility-environmental-impact-and-behaviour-the-importance-of-social-forces-to-infectious-disease-dynamics-and-disease-ecology
#18
REVIEW
Ronan F Arthur, Emily S Gurley, Henrik Salje, Laura S P Bloomfield, James H Jones
Human factors, including contact structure, movement, impact on the environment and patterns of behaviour, can have significant influence on the emergence of novel infectious diseases and the transmission and amplification of established ones. As anthropogenic climate change alters natural systems and global economic forces drive land-use and land-cover change, it becomes increasingly important to understand both the ecological and social factors that impact infectious disease outcomes for human populations...
May 5, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288596/needles-jabs-and-jags-a-qualitative-exploration-of-barriers-and-facilitators-to-child-and-adult-immunisation-uptake-among-gypsies-travellers-and-roma
#19
Cath Jackson, Helen Bedford, Francine M Cheater, Louise Condon, Carol Emslie, Lana Ireland, Philippa Kemsley, Susan Kerr, Helen J Lewis, Julie Mytton, Karen Overend, Sarah Redsell, Zoe Richardson, Christine Shepherd, Lesley Smith, Lisa Dyson
BACKGROUND: Gypsies, Travellers and Roma (referred to as Travellers) are less likely to access health services including immunisation. To improve immunisation rates, it is necessary to understand what helps and hinders individuals in these communities in taking up immunisations. This study had two aims. 1. Investigate the views of Travellers in the UK on the barriers and facilitators to acceptability and uptake of immunisations and explore their ideas for improving immunisation uptake; 2...
March 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286690/a-carbon-cycle-model-for-the-social-ecological-process-in-coastal-wetland-a-case-study-on-gouqi-island-east-china
#20
Yanxia Li, Lihu Xiong, Wenjia Zhu
Coastal wetlands offer many important ecosystem services both in natural and in social systems. How to simultaneously decrease the destructive effects flowing from human activities and maintaining the sustainability of regional wetland ecosystems are an important issue for coastal wetlands zones. We use carbon credits as the basis for regional sustainable developing policy-making. With the case of Gouqi Island, a typical coastal wetlands zone that locates in the East China Sea, a carbon cycle model was developed to illustrate the complex social-ecological processes...
2017: Scientifica
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