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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820667/helping-young-people-stay-afloat-a-qualitative-study-of-community-resources-and-supports-for-lgbtq-adolescents-in-the-us-and-canada
#1
Marla E Eisenberg, Christopher J Mehus, Elizabeth M Saewyc, Heather L Corliss, Amy L Gower, Richard Sullivan, Carolyn M Porta
LGBTQ youth are at increased risk of poor health outcomes. This qualitative study gathered data from LGBTQ adolescents regarding their communities and describes the resources they draw upon for support. We conducted 66 go-along interviews with diverse LGBTQ adolescents (mean age = 16.6) in Minnesota, Massachusetts and British Columbia in 2014-2015, in which interviewers accompanied participants in their communities to better understand those contexts. Their responses were systematically organized and coded for common themes, reflecting levels of the social ecological model...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818915/collaborative-environmental-governance-achieving-collective-action-in-social-ecological-systems
#2
REVIEW
Örjan Bodin
Managing ecosystems is challenging because of the high number of stakeholders, the permeability of man-made political and jurisdictional demarcations in relation to the temporal and spatial extent of biophysical processes, and a limited understanding of complex ecosystem and societal dynamics. Given these conditions, collaborative governance is commonly put forward as the preferred means of addressing environmental problems. Under this paradigm, a deeper understanding of if, when, and how collaboration is effective, and when other means of addressing environmental problems are better suited, is needed...
August 18, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815792/understanding-implications-of-consumer-behavior-for-wildlife-farming-and-sustainable-wildlife-trade
#3
A Nuno, J M Blumenthal, T J Austin, J Bothwell, G Ebanks-Petrie, B J Godley, A C Broderick
Unsustainable wildlife trade affects biodiversity and the livelihoods of communities dependent upon those resources. Wildlife farming has often been proposed to promote sustainable trade but characterizing markets and understanding consumer behaviour remain neglected, but essential, steps with important implications for its design and evaluation. We used sea turtle trade in the Cayman Islands as a case study - where turtle meat for consumption has been produced for almost 50 years, to explore consumer preferences towards wild-sourced (illegal) and farmed (legal) products and potential conservation implications...
August 16, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811737/learning-and-developing-individual-exercise-skills-l-a-d-i-e-s-for-a-better-life-a-church-based-physical-activity-intervention-baseline-participant-characteristics
#4
Melicia C Whitt-Glover, Moses V Goldmon, Ziya Gizlice, Daniel P Heil, Njeri Karanja
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity (PA) is beneficial for health, yet most African American women do not achieve recommended levels. Successful, sustainable strategies could help to address disparities in health outcomes associated with low levels of PA. The Learning and Developing Individual Exercise Skills (L.A.D.I.E.S.) for a Better Life study compared a faith-based and a secular intervention for increasing PA with a self-guided control group. DESIGN SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: This cluster randomized, controlled trial was conducted from 2010 - 2011 in African American churches (n=31) in suburban North Carolina...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805121/canaries-in-the-coal-mine-interpersonal-violence-gang-violence-and-violent-extremism-through-a-public-health-prevention-lens
#5
David P Eisenman, Louise Flavahan
This paper asks what programmes and policies for preventing violent extremism (also called 'countering violent extremism', or CVE) can learn from the public health violence prevention field. The general answer is that addressing violent extremism within the wider domain of public health violence prevention connects the effort to a relevant field of research, evidence-based policy and programming, and a broader population reach. This answer is reached by examining conceptual alignments between the two fields at both the case-level and the theoretical level...
August 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800097/why-do-people-like-loud-sound-a-qualitative-study
#6
David Welch, Guy Fremaux
Many people choose to expose themselves to potentially dangerous sounds such as loud music, either via speakers, personal audio systems, or at clubs. The Conditioning, Adaptation and Acculturation to Loud Music (CAALM) Model has proposed a theoretical basis for this behaviour. To compare the model to data, we interviewed a group of people who were either regular nightclub-goers or who controlled the sound levels in nightclubs (bar managers, musicians, DJs, and sound engineers) about loud sound. Results showed four main themes relating to the enjoyment of loud sound: arousal/excitement, facilitation of socialisation, masking of both external sound and unwanted thoughts, and an emphasis and enhancement of personal identity...
August 11, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768065/multiple-influences-on-participating-in-physical-activity-in-older-age-developing-a-social-ecological-approach
#7
Elisabeth R Boulton, Maria Horne, Chris Todd
BACKGROUND: Evidence of the benefits of engaging in physical activity (PA) is strong, yet the number of older adults meeting the recommended 150 min/wk is low. Policy to increase uptake and adherence has focussed on the health benefits of PA, but may not be the most successful approach. OBJECTIVE: This qualitative study sought to ask older adults what the components of a successful intervention to promote PA would be, by asking active older adults what motivated them to be active and asking inactive older adults what might encourage them to change...
August 2, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766172/sustainable-urban-systems-co-design-and-framing-for-transformation
#8
Robert Webb, Xuemei Bai, Mark Stafford Smith, Robert Costanza, David Griggs, Magnus Moglia, Michael Neuman, Peter Newman, Peter Newton, Barbara Norman, Chris Ryan, Heinz Schandl, Will Steffen, Nigel Tapper, Giles Thomson
Rapid urbanisation generates risks and opportunities for sustainable development. Urban policy and decision makers are challenged by the complexity of cities as social-ecological-technical systems. Consequently there is an increasing need for collaborative knowledge development that supports a whole-of-system view, and transformational change at multiple scales. Such holistic urban approaches are rare in practice. A co-design process involving researchers, practitioners and other stakeholders, has progressed such an approach in the Australian context, aiming to also contribute to international knowledge development and sharing...
August 1, 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762882/acute-pesticide-related-illness-among-farmworkers-barriers-to-reporting-to-public-health-authorities
#9
Joanne Bonnar Prado, Prakash R Mulay, Edward J Kasner, Heidi K Bojes, Geoffrey M Calvert
Farmworkers are at high risk of acute occupational pesticide-related illness (AOPI) and AOPI surveillance is vital to preventing these illnesses. Data on such illnesses are collected and analyzed to identify high risk groups, high risk pesticides, and root causes. Interventions to address these risks and root causes include farmworker outreach, education, and regulation. Unfortunately, it is well known that AOPI is under-reported, meaning that the true burden of this condition remains unknown. This paper reviews the barriers to reporting of farmworker AOPI to public health authorities and provides some practical solutions...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760692/assessment-and-monitoring-practices-of-australian-fitness-professionals
#10
Jason A Bennie, Glen H Wiesner, Jannique G Z van Uffelen, Jack T Harvey, Melinda J Craike, Stuart J H Biddle
OBJECTIVES: Assessment and monitoring of client health and fitness is a key part of fitness professionals' practices. However, little is known about prevalence of this practice. This study describes the assessment/monitoring practices of a large sample of Australian fitness professionals. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: In 2014, 1206 fitness professionals completed an online survey. Respondents reported their frequency (4 point-scale: [1] 'never' to [4] 'always') of assessment/monitoring of eight health and fitness constructs (e...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754415/prospects-and-challenges-towards-sustainable-liver-fluke-control
#11
REVIEW
Banchob Sripa, Pierre Echaubard
The liver fluke Opisthorchis viverrini (Ov) is endemic in Southeast Asia where more than 10 million people are estimated to be infected. The infection is associated with several hepatobiliary diseases, including cholangiocarcinoma (CCA). Northeast Thailand is a hotspot for Ov transmission, and, despite extensive public health prevention campaigns led by the government, the prevalence of Ov infection is still high. High infection rates result from cultural and ecological complexities where wet-rice agrarian habitats, centuries-old raw-food culture, and the parasite's complex biology combine to create an ideal transmission arena...
June 27, 2017: Trends in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736465/network-indicators-of-the-social-ecology-of-adolescents-in-relative-and-non-relative-foster-households
#12
Jennifer Blakeslee, Brianne H Kothari, Bowen McBeath, Paul Sorenson, Lew Bank
Though the presence, composition, and quality of social relationships-particularly as found in family networks-has an important influence on adolescent well-being, little is known about the social ecology of youth in foster care. This study examined the social networks of foster youth participating in a large RCT of an intervention for siblings in foster care. Youth reported on the people they lived with and the relatives they were in contact with, which provided indicators of network size, composition, and relationship quality...
February 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734593/unifying-research-on-social-ecological-resilience-and-collapse
#13
REVIEW
Graeme S Cumming, Garry D Peterson
Ecosystems influence human societies, leading people to manage ecosystems for human benefit. Poor environmental management can lead to reduced ecological resilience and social-ecological collapse. We review research on resilience and collapse across different systems and propose a unifying social-ecological framework based on (i) a clear definition of system identity; (ii) the use of quantitative thresholds to define collapse; (iii) relating collapse processes to system structure; and (iv) explicit comparison of alternative hypotheses and models of collapse...
July 19, 2017: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733787/gatekeepers-perceptions-of-the-quality-and-availability-of-services-for-breast-and-cervical-cancer-patients-in-the-english-speaking-windward-islands-an-exploratory-investigation
#14
Kamilah B Thomas-Purcell, Will L Tarver, Christine Richards, Marva Primus-Joseph
PURPOSE: Although extensive screening services for breast and cervical cancers are available in the Caribbean, these cancers continue to be the leading causes of cancer death among women in this region. The purpose of this study was to determine the quality and availability of breast and cervical cancer treatment care and support services from the perspective of the gatekeepers who provide care for the patients in the Windward Islands of Dominica, Grenada, St Lucia, and St. Vincent. METHODS: A qualitative research design using semi-structured, in-depth interviews was used to gather data from gatekeepers who provided oncology prevention and care services to patients for at least one year...
July 21, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733024/ecohealth-research-in-africa-where-from-where-to
#15
EDITORIAL
Robert Bergquist, Norbert W Brattig, Moses J Chimbari, Jakob Zinsstag, Jürg Utzinger
Epidemiological mapping and risk profiling build on the idea that diseases are tied to social-ecological systems that govern the distribution and abundance of transmissible pathogens, vectors and hosts. This is the heart of the emerging field of ecohealth, which examines how biological, cultural, demographic, economic, physical, political and social environments change can affect the health and wellbeing of humans, animals and ecosystems and the services they provide. This paper is an overview of a special issue of Acta Tropica, whose 15 publications reflect a geographically and epidemiologically diverse landscape of ecohealth in Africa...
July 18, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731450/the-experiences-of-people-with-dementia-and-their-caregivers-in-dementia-diagnosis
#16
Yan Lian, Lily Dongxia Xiao, Fan Zeng, Xianmu Wu, Zhen Wang, Hui Ren
BACKGROUND: People can live well with dementia if they are diagnosed early and receive early interventions and appropriate dementia management and care. However, dementia is currently under-detected and under-diagnosed. The diagnosis rate is around 50% only in higher-income countries and 5-10% only in low- and middle-income countries. Studies on consumers' experiences in engaging in dementia diagnosis in a socio-cultural context are much needed in order to generate research evidence to inform person-centered dementia care and services...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727217/adaptation-strategies-to-climate-change-in-marine-systems
#17
Dana D Miller, Yoshitaka Ota, U Rashid Sumaila, Andrés M Cisneros-Montemayor, William W L Cheung
The world's oceans are highly impacted by climate change and other human pressures, with significant implications for marine ecosystems and the livelihoods that they support. Adaptation for both natural and human systems is increasingly important as a coping strategy due to the rate and scale of ongoing and potential future change. Here, we conduct a review of literature concerning specific case studies of adaptation in marine systems, and discuss associated characteristics and influencing factors, including drivers, strategy, timeline, costs, and limitations...
July 20, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726338/household-fear-of-deportation-in-mexican-origin-families-relation-to-body-mass-index-percentiles-and-salivary-uric-acid
#18
Airín D Martínez, Lillian Ruelas, Douglas A Granger
OBJECTIVE: Fear of deportation (FOD) is a prevalent concern among mixed-status families. Yet, our understanding of how FOD shapes human health and development is in its infancy. To begin to address this knowledge gap, we examined the relationship between household FOD, body mass index (BMI) percentiles and salivary uric acid (sUA), a biomarker related to oxidative stress/hypertension/metabolic syndrome, among 111 individuals living in Mexican-origin families. METHODS: Participants were 65 children (2 months-17 years, 49% female) and 46 adults (20-58 years, 71% female) living in 30 Mexican-origin families with at least one immigrant parent in Phoenix, AZ...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722585/school-children-s-intestinal-parasite-and-nutritional-status-1-year-after-complementary-school-garden-nutrition-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-interventions-in-burkina-faso
#19
Séverine Erismann, Serge Diagbouga, Christian Schindler, Peter Odermatt, Astrid M Knoblauch, Jana Gerold, Andrea Leuenberger, Akina Shrestha, Grissoum Tarnagda, Jürg Utzinger, Guéladio Cissé
The potential health benefits of combined agricultural, nutrition, water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) interventions are poorly understood. We aimed to determine whether complementary school garden, nutrition, and WASH interventions reduce intestinal parasites and improve school children's nutritional status in two regions of Burkina Faso. A cluster-randomized controlled trial was conducted in the Plateau Central and Center-Ouest regions of Burkina Faso. A total of 360 randomly selected children, aged 8-15 years, had complete baseline and end-line survey data...
July 10, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722175/how-the-community-shapes-unmet-need-for-modern-contraception-an-analysis-of-44-demographic-and-health-surveys
#20
Nicholas Metheny, Rob Stephenson
Unmet need for modern contraception is a major public health concern in resource-constrained countries. Recent research supports the application of social-ecological theories to explain how characteristics of a woman's community shape modern contraception use. However, this research focuses largely on individual countries and uses a limited number of community-level effects. We fitted three random-effects logistic regression models to examine associations between 13 community-level variables and the odds of reporting unmet need, unmet need for spacing, and unmet need for limiting for all parous, female respondents in 44 DHS surveys collected in 2010-2015 (n=528,101)...
July 19, 2017: Studies in Family Planning
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