keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Rhinoceros

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820298/surveillance-for-hemorrhagic-septicemia-in-buffalo-bubalus-bubalis-as-an-aid-to-range-expansion-of-the-javan-rhinoceros-rhinoceros-sondaicus-in-ujung-kulon-national-park-indonesia
#1
Kurnia Oktavia Khairani, Daryl Nydam, M Julia Felippe, Pat McDonough, Jason Barry, Rois Mahmud, M Haryono, Robin W Radcliffe
The Javan rhinoceros (Rhinoceros sondaicus) of Ujung Kulon National Park (UKNP) is the crown jewel of Indonesia's rich natural history. The park lies on a peninsula surrounded by coastline and agriculture-dominated landscapes. The invasion of water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) into the park carries a substantial health risk to the Javan rhinoceros and threatens plans to establish a new population outside of its only current range in UKNP. Hemorrhagic septicemia (HS), known locally as septicemia epizootica and caused by Pasteurella multocida B:2, could thwart Indonesia's efforts to expand the range of the Javan rhinoceros...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814978/evolutionary-history-of-the-mariner-element-galluhop-in-avian-genomes
#2
Natasha Avila Bertocchi, Fabiano Pimentel Torres, Analía Del Valle Garnero, Ricardo José Gunski, Gabriel Luz Wallau
BACKGROUND: Transposable elements (TEs) are highly abundant genomic parasites in eukaryote genomes. Although several genomes have been screened for TEs, so far very limited information is available regarding avian TEs and their evolutionary histories. Taking advantage of the rich genomic data available for birds, we characterized the evolutionary history of the galluhop element, originally described in Gallus gallus, through the use of several bioinformatic analyses. RESULTS: galluhop homologous sequences were found in 6 of 72 genomes analyzed: 5 species of Galliformes (Gallus gallus, Meleagris gallopavo, Coturnix japonica, Colinus virginianus, Lyrurus tetrix) and one Buceritiformes (Buceros rhinoceros)...
2017: Mobile DNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812656/experimental-evidence-for-homeostatic-sex-allocation-after-sex-biased-reintroductions
#3
Wayne Leslie Linklater, Peter Roy Law, Jay Vinson Gedir, Pierre du Preez
First principles predict negative frequency-dependent sex allocation, but it is unproven in field studies and seldom considered, despite far-reaching consequences for theory and practice in population genetics and dynamics as well as animal ecology and behaviour. Twenty-four years of rhinoceros calving after 45 reintroductions across southern Africa provide the first in situ experimental evidence that unbalanced operational sex ratios predicted offspring sex and offspring sex ratios. Our understanding of population dynamics, especially reintroduction and invasion biology, will be significantly impacted by these findings...
March 6, 2017: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809631/-comparison-between-the-range-of-movement-canine-real-cervical-spine-and-numerical-simulation-computer-model-validation
#4
R Srnec, Z Horák, R Sedláček, M Sedlinská, M Krbec, A Nečas
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY In developing new or modifying the existing surgical treatment methods of spine conditions an integral part of ex vivo experiments is the assessment of mechanical, kinematic and dynamic properties of created constructions. The aim of the study is to create an appropriately validated numerical model of canine cervical spine in order to obtain a tool for basic research to be applied in cervical spine surgeries. For this purpose, canine is a suitable model due to the occurrence of similar cervical spine conditions in some breeds of dogs and in humans...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749277/case-series-clinical-salmonellosis-in-four-black-rhinoceros-diceros-bicornis-calves
#5
David Love, Rodolfo Madrigal, Shannon Cerveny, Janis Raines, Bruce Rideout, Nancy P Lung
Although Salmonella spp. infection has been identified in captive and free-ranging rhinoceros, clinical cases in black rhinoceros ( Diceros bicornis ) calves have not been described. This case series describes clinical salmonellosis in four black rhinoceros calves. Two calves developed self-limiting diarrhea, recovering after treatment. The other two cases were fatal. One of the fatal cases had a short clinical course, whereas the other case was protracted, with signs reflecting multiple organ system involvement...
June 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743668/a-new-haplotype-of-the-coconut-rhinoceros-beetle-oryctes-rhinoceros-has-escaped-biological-control-by-oryctes-rhinoceros-nudivirus-and-is-invading-pacific-islands
#6
Sean D G Marshall, Aubrey Moore, Maclean Vaqalo, Alasdair Noble, Trevor A Jackson
The coconut rhinoceros beetle (CRB; Oryctes rhinoceros) is a major pest of coconut and oil palm, but the discovery and release of Oryctes rhinoceros nudivirus (OrNV) in the 1960s and 70s suppressed the pest such that no new invasions of uninfested islands by CRB were reported for over 30 years after implementation of the biocontrol programme. Surprisingly, a highly damaging outbreak was reported from Guam (2007), which could not be controlled by OrNV. Subsequently, new invasions have been reported from Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea (2009); O'ahu, Hawai'i (2013); and Honiara, Solomon Islands (2015)...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708909/biomechanical-three-dimensional-finite-element-analysis-of-single-implant-supported-prostheses-in-the-anterior-maxilla-with-different-surgical-techniques-and-implant-types
#7
Fellippo Ramos Verri, Joel Ferreira Santiago, Daniel Augusto Almeida, Victor Eduardo de Souza Batista, Cleidiel Aparecido Araujo Lemos, Caroline Cantieri Mello, Eduardo Piza Pellizzer
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to use three-dimensional finite element analysis to analyze the stress distribution transferred by single implant-supported prostheses placed in the anterior maxilla using different connections (external hexagon, internal hexagon, or Morse taper), inclinations of the load (0, 30, or 60 degrees), and surgical techniques for placement (monocortical/conventional, bicortical, or bicortical with nasal floor elevation). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nine models representing a bone block of this region were simulated by computer-aided design software (InVesalius, Rhinoceros, SolidWorks)...
July 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686714/experimental-mycobacterium-bovis-infection-in-three-white-rhinoceroses-ceratotherium-simum-susceptibility-clinical-and-anatomical-pathology
#8
Anita L Michel, Emily P Lane, Lin-Mari de Klerk-Lorist, Markus Hofmeyr, Elisabeth M D L van der Heijden, Louise Botha, Paul van Helden, Michele Miller, Peter Buss
Tuberculosis caused by Mycobacterium bovis is endemic in the African buffalo (Syncerus caffer) population in the Kruger National Park and other conservation areas in South Africa. The disease has been diagnosed in a total of 21 free ranging or semi-free ranging wildlife species in the country with highly variable presentations in terms of clinical signs as well as severity and distribution of tuberculous lesions. Most species are spillover or dead-end hosts without significant role in the epidemiology of the disease...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680895/visualization-of-the-capitellum-during-elbow-arthroscopy-a-comparison-of-3-portal-techniques
#9
David P Trofa, Stephanie M Gancarczyk, Joseph M Lombardi, Eric C Makhni, Charles A Popkin, Christopher S Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Capitellar osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) is a debilitating condition of unknown etiology for which various arthroscopic treatments are available. Prior data suggest that greater than 75% of the capitellum can be visualized arthroscopically through a dual lateral portal approach. However, there is no literature assessing arthroscopic visualization of the capitellum via alternative portals. PURPOSE: To determine the percentage of capitellum visualized using the dual lateral, distal ulnar and soft spot, and posterolateral and soft spot portal configurations in a cadaver model...
June 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670326/isolation-and-biochemical-characterization-of-bradykinin-potentiating-peptides-from-bitis-gabonica-rhinoceros
#10
Tamara M Fucase, Juliana M Sciani, Ingrid Cavalcante, Vincent L Viala, Bruno B Chagas, Daniel C Pimenta, Patrick J Spencer
BACKGROUND: Venoms represent a still underexplored reservoir of bioactive components that might mitigate or cure diseases in conditions in which conventional therapy is ineffective. The bradykinin-potentiating peptides (BPPs) comprise a class of angiotensin-I converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. The BPPs usually consist of oligopeptides with 5 to 13 residues with a high number of proline residues and the tripeptide Ile-Pro-Pro (IPP-tripeptide) in the C-terminus region and have a conserved N-terminal pyroglutamate residue...
2017: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins Including Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642647/comparison-between-rendering-3d-ct-and-transparent-3d-ct-in-acl-tunnel-positioning
#11
Marcos Amstalden Barros, Tiago Lazzaretti Fernandes, Dimitris Dimitriou, André Pedrinelli, Arnaldo José Hernandez
OBJECTIVE: To compare the transparent 3D computed tomography (CT) image protocol against conventional 3D-CT image-rendering protocol to assess femoral tunnel position in anatomic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstructions . METHODS: Eight knee CT scans from cadavers were analyzed by image rendering 3D-CT protocol, using Rhinoceros((r)) software. The central point of the ACL tunnel was set using the sagittal plane. Same CT scans were analyzed using transparent 3D-CT measurement protocol with OsiriX((r)) software...
January 2017: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624290/feasibility-of-reducing-differences-in-estimated-doses-in-nuclear-medicine-between-a-patient-specific-and-a-reference-phantom
#12
Alexandra Zvereva, Helmut Schlattl, Maria Zankl, Janine Becker, Nina Petoussi-Henss, Yeon Soo Yeom, Chan Hyeong Kim, Christoph Hoeschen, Katia Parodi
The feasibility of reducing the differences between patient-specific internal doses and doses estimated using reference phantoms was evaluated. Relatively simple adjustments to a polygon-surface ICRP adult male reference phantom were applied to fit selected individual dimensions using the software Rhinoceros®4.0. We tested this approach on two patient-specific phantoms: the biggest and the smallest phantoms from the Helmholtz Zentrum München library. These phantoms have unrelated anatomy and large differences in body-mass-index...
July 2017: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553355/innovative-3d-model-of-the-human-middle-ear-in-high-resolution-with-a-histological-microgrinding-method-a-feasibility-study-and-comparison-with-%C3%AE-ct
#13
Susanne Bradel, Laura Doniga-Crivat, Silke Besdo, Franziska Lexow, Michael Fehr, Thomas Lenarz, Nils Prenzler, Gudrun Brandes
Conclusion. The development of a histological 3D model of the tympanic cavity visualizes the exact microanatomy of the sound conduction organ and is therefore essential for finite elements simulations and surgical training. Objectives. So far, no accurate histological 3D model of the sound conduction system existed in literature. For 3D reconstruction of the very fine structures inside and outside the auditory ossicles, a method based on histological slices allows a more differential analysis of both hard and soft tissues and could thus be superior to μCT...
2017: International Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552926/modelling-and-structural-analysis-of-skull-cranial-implant-beyond-mid-line-deformities
#14
V Phanindra Bogu, Y Ravi Kumar, Asit Kumar Khanara
PURPOSE: This computational study explores modelling and finite element study of the implant under Intracranial pressure (ICP) conditions with normal ICP range (7 mm Hg to 15 mm Hg) or increased ICP (>I5 mm Hg). The implant fixation points allow implant behaviour with respect to intracranial pressure conditions. However, increased fixation points lead to variation in deformation and equivalent stress. Finite element analysis is providing a valuable insight to know the deformation and equivalent stress...
2017: Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474182/homogenous-scaffold-based-cranial-skull-implant-modelling-and-structural-analysis-unit-cell-algorithm-meshless-approach
#15
V Phanindra Bogu, Y Ravi Kumar, Asit Kumar Khanra
This computational study explores a unique modelling approach of the cranial implant, homogenous scaffold algorithm and meshless method, respectively. This meshless method is employed to review the implant underneath intracranial pressure (ICP) conditions with a standard ICP range of 7 mm of Hg to 15 mm of Hg. The algorithm is used to introduce uniform porosity within the implant enabling the implant behaviour with respect to ICP conditions. However, increase in the porosity leads to variation in deformation and equivalent stress, respectively...
May 5, 2017: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447387/who-has-dibs-on-a-dead-rhinoceros-beetle
#16
Robin M Giblin-Davis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 26, 2017: Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441468/histological-study-of-white-rhinoceros-integument
#17
Jeffrey H Plochocki, Saul Ruiz, José R Rodriguez-Sosa, Margaret I Hall
In this study, we report findings from a microscopic analysis of the white rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum) integumentary ultrastructure. Skin samples from the cheek, shoulder, flank and rump were taken from a 46-year-old female southern white rhinoceros and examined using H&E and elastic histological stains. The epidermis was thickest in the flank (1.003 mm) followed by the rump, cheek and shoulder. The stratum corneum comprised more than half the epidermal thickness. Numerous melanin granules were found in the basal and spinosum layers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419525/method-comparison-and-generation-of-plasma-biochemistry-ris-for-the-white-rhinoceros-on-a-point-of-care-and-wet-chemistry-analyzer
#18
Emma H Hooijberg, Gerhard Steenkamp, Peter Buss, Amelia Goddard
BACKGROUND: Plasma biochemistry analysis may aid the management of White rhinoceros with poaching or other injuries. Analyzer- and species-specific RIs are necessary to evaluate health status and identify abnormalities. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to perform a comparison study between the IDEXX VetTest and Roche Cobas Integra 400 Plus, and to generate analyzer-specific RIs for White rhinoceros according to published guidelines. METHODS: Comparison was carried out using White rhinoceros plasma samples from healthy and diseased animals...
June 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330916/climate-warming-and-humans-played-different-roles-in-triggering-late-quaternary-extinctions-in-east-and-west-eurasia
#19
Xinru Wan, Zhibin Zhang
Climate change and humans are proposed as the two key drivers of total extinction of many large mammals in the Late Pleistocene and Early Holocene, but disentangling their relative roles remains challenging owing to a lack of quantitative evaluation of human impact and climate-driven distribution changes on the extinctions of these large mammals in a continuous temporal-spatial dimension. Here, our analyses showed that temperature change had significant effects on mammoth (genus Mammuthus), rhinoceros (Rhinocerotidae), horse (Equidae) and deer (Cervidae)...
March 29, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316883/middle-pleistocene-protein-sequences-from-the-rhinoceros-genus-stephanorhinus-and-the-phylogeny-of-extant-and-extinct-middle-late-pleistocene-rhinocerotidae
#20
Frido Welker, Geoff M Smith, Jarod M Hutson, Lutz Kindler, Alejandro Garcia-Moreno, Aritza Villaluenga, Elaine Turner, Sabine Gaudzinski-Windheuser
BACKGROUND: Ancient protein sequences are increasingly used to elucidate the phylogenetic relationships between extinct and extant mammalian taxa. Here, we apply these recent developments to Middle Pleistocene bone specimens of the rhinoceros genus Stephanorhinus. No biomolecular sequence data is currently available for this genus, leaving phylogenetic hypotheses on its evolutionary relationships to extant and extinct rhinoceroses untested. Furthermore, recent phylogenies based on Rhinocerotidae (partial or complete) mitochondrial DNA sequences differ in the placement of the Sumatran rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis)...
2017: PeerJ
keyword
keyword
88718
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"