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3d printing kidney

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29801927/three-dimensional-printing-and-augmented-reality-enhanced-precision-for-robotic-assisted-partial-nephrectomy
#1
Nicole Wake, Marc A Bjurlin, Pooya Rostami, Hersh Chandarana, William C Huang
OBJECTIVE: To describe novel 3-dimensional (3D) printing and augmented reality (AR) methods of image data visualization to facilitate anatomic understanding and to assist with surgical planning and decision-making during robotic partial nephrectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We created a video of the workflow for creating 3D printed and AR kidney models along with their application to robotic partial nephrectomy. Key steps in their development are (1) radiology examination (magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography), (2) image segmentation, (3) preparing for 3D printing or AR, and (4) printing the model or deploying the model to the AR device...
June 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774184/a-systematic-review-of-clinical-value-of-three-dimensional-printing-in-renal-disease
#2
Zhonghua Sun, Dongting Liu
The aim of this systematic review is to analyse current literature related to the clinical value of three-dimensional (3D) printed models in renal disease. A literature search of PubMed and Scopus databases was performed to identify studies reporting the clinical application and usefulness of 3D printed models in renal disease. Fifteen studies were found to meet the selection criteria and were included in the analysis. Eight of them provided quantitative assessments with five studies focusing on dimensional accuracy of 3D printed models in replicating renal anatomy and tumour, and on measuring tumour volume between 3D printed models and original source images and surgical specimens, with mean difference less than 10%...
April 2018: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744824/usefulness-of-personalized-three-dimensional-printed-model-on-the-satisfaction-of-preoperative-education-for-patients-undergoing-robot-assisted-partial-nephrectomy-and-their-families
#3
Jun Teishima, Yukihiro Takayama, Shogo Iwaguro, Tetsutaro Hayashi, Shogo Inoue, Keisuke Hieda, Shunsuke Shinmei, Ryoji Kato, Koji Mita, Akio Matsubara
OBJECTIVE: To clarify the usefulness of a personalized three-dimensional (3D) printed model of the kidney for preoperative education among patients who underwent robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN). METHODS: Twenty-nine cases of patients who planned to undergo RAPN and 19 of their families participated in this study. A three-dimensional model consisting of the kidney, tumors, ureter, inferior vena cava, and abdominal aorta in each case was generated using a Z Printer 450 based on the findings of preoperative enhanced CT...
May 9, 2018: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546508/intraoperative-utilization-of-advanced-imaging-modalities-in-a-complex-kidney-stone-case-a-pilot-case-study
#4
Andrew R Christiansen, Rami M Shorti, Cory D Smith, William C Prows, Jay T Bishoff
PURPOSE: Despite the increasing use of advanced 3D imaging techniques and 3D printing, these techniques have not yet been comprehensively compared in a surgical setting. The purpose of this study is to explore the effectiveness of five different advanced imaging modalities during a complex renal surgical procedure. METHODS: A patient with a horseshoe kidney and multiple large, symptomatic stones that had failed Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL) and ureteroscopy treatment was used for this evaluation...
May 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421300/development-and-validity-of-a-silicone-renal-tumor-model-for-robotic-partial-nephrectomy-training
#5
Steven M Monda, Jonathan R Weese, Barrett G Anderson, Joel M Vetter, Ramakrishna Venkatesh, Kefu Du, Gerald L Andriole, Robert S Figenshau
OBJECTIVE: To provide a training tool to address the technical challenges of robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy, we created silicone renal tumor models using 3-dimensional printed molds of a patient's kidney with a mass. In this study, we assessed the face, content, and construct validity of these models. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Surgeons of different training levels completed 4 simulations on silicone renal tumor models. Participants were surveyed on the usefulness and realism of the model as a training tool...
April 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396705/biokinetics-dosimetry-and-radiation-risk-in-infants-after-99m-tc-mag3-scans
#6
J Soares Machado, J Tran-Gia, S Schlögl, A K Buck, M Lassmann
BACKGROUND: Renal scans are among the most frequent exams performed on infants and toddlers. Due to the young age, this patient group can be classified as a high-risk group with a higher probability for developing stochastic radiation effects compared to adults. As there are only limited data on biokinetics and dosimetry in this patient group, the aim of this study was to reassess the dosimetry and the associated radiation risk for infants undergoing 99m Tc-MAG3 renal scans based on a retrospective analysis of existing patient data...
February 2, 2018: EJNMMI Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376589/-application-of-3d-soft-print-models-of-the-kidney-for-treatment-of-patients-with-localized-cancer-of-the-kidney-a-pilot-study
#7
Yu G Alyaev, E S Sirota, E A Bezrukov, D N Fiev, M D Bukatov, A V Letunovskii, I Sh Byadretdinov
AIM: To evaluate the possibility of using 3D-printing in the management of patients with localized kidney cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study comprised five patients with localized kidney cancer who were treated at the Urology Clinic of the I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University from January 2016 to April 2017. Along with the standard examination, the patients underwent multispiral computed tomography (MSCT) to produce patient-specific 3D-printed models of the kidney tumors using 3D modeling and 3D printing...
December 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374811/a-novel-3d-printed-hybrid-simulation-model-for-robotic-assisted-kidney-transplantation-rakt
#8
Raphael Uwechue, Petrut Gogalniceanu, Nicos Kessaris, Nick Byrne, Pankaj Chandak, Jonathon Olsburgh, Kamran Ahmed, Nizam Mamode, Ioannis Loukopoulos
Robotic-assisted kidney transplantation (RAKT) offers key benefits for patients that have been demonstrated in several studies. A barrier to the wider uptake of RAKT is surgical skill acquisition. This is exacerbated by the challenges of modern surgery with reduced surgical training time, patient safety concerns and financial pressures. Simulation is a well-established method of developing surgical skill in a safe and controlled environment away from the patient. We have developed a 3D printed simulation model for the key step of the kidney transplant operation which is the vascular anastomosis...
January 27, 2018: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239855/experimental-verification-of-stopping-power-prediction-from-single-and-dual-energy-computed-tomography-in-biological-tissues
#9
Christian Möhler, Tom Russ, Patrick Wohlfahrt, Alina Elter, Armin Runz, Christian Richter, Steffen Greilich
An experimental setup for consecutive measurement of ion and x-ray absorption in tissue or other materials is introduced. With this setup using a 3D-printed sample container, the reference stopping-power ratio (SPR) of materials can be measured with an uncertainty of below 0.1%. A total of 65 porcine and bovine tissue samples were prepared for measurement, comprising five samples each of 13 tissue types representing about 80% of the total body mass (three different muscle and fatty tissues, liver, kidney, brain, heart, blood, lung and bone)...
January 9, 2018: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128598/histological-and-radiological-evaluation-of-subcutaneous-implants-in-mouse-of-a-3d-printable-material-fulcure-720-and-experimental-application-in-mandibular-reconstruction
#10
J Megías Barrera, L García-Consuegra, A Novoa, S Costilla, S Junquera, G Ascani
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the bioactivity of Fullcure compared to porous polyethylene implants (Medpor) in rats prior to custom-made scaffold support manufacturing for mandible segmental defects (MSD) reconstruction in sheep. METHODS: Twelve Fullcure and Medpor laminaes were implanted in the left and right dorsum respectively of six wistar rats. Toxicity was assessed by skin, kidney and liver histopathology three months post-implantation...
April 2018: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127451/development-and-validation-of-3d-printed-virtual-models-for-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-and-partial-nephrectomy-urologists-and-patients-perception
#11
Francesco Porpiglia, Riccardo Bertolo, Enrico Checcucci, Daniele Amparore, Riccardo Autorino, Prokar Dasgupta, Peter Wiklund, Ashutosh Tewari, Evangelos Liatsikos, Cristian Fiori
PURPOSE: To test the face and content validity of 3D virtual-rendered printed models used before robot-assisted prostate cancer and nephron-sparing surgery. METHODS: Patients who underwent live surgery during an international urological meeting organized in January 2017 were enrolled. Those with organ-confined prostate cancer underwent robot-assisted radical prostatectomy. Patients with a single renal tumor underwent minimally invasive nephron-sparing surgery. High-resolution (HR) imaging was obtained for all patients...
February 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097409/optimizing-image-quantification-for-177-lu-spect-ct-based-on-a-3d-printed-2-compartment-kidney-phantom
#12
Johannes Tran-Gia, Michael Lassmann
The aim of this work was to find an optimal setup for activity determination of 177 Lu-based SPECT/CT imaging reconstructed with 2 commercially available methods (xSPECT Quant and Flash3D). For this purpose, 3-dimensional (3D)-printed phantoms of different geometries were manufactured, different partial-volume correction (PVC) methods were applied, and the accuracy of the activity determination was evaluated. Methods: A 2-compartment kidney phantom (70% cortical and 30% medullary compartment), a sphere, and an ellipsoid of equal volumes were 3D printed, filled with 177 Lu, and scanned with a SPECT/CT system...
April 2018: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048214/validation-of-a-full-immersion-simulation-platform-for-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-using-three-dimensional-printing-technology
#13
Ahmed Ghazi, Timothy Campbell, Rachel Melnyk, Changyong Feng, Alex Andrusco, Jonathan Stone, Erdal Erturk
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The restriction of resident hours with an increasing focus on patient safety and a reduced caseload has impacted surgical training. A complex and complication prone procedure such as percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) with a steep learning curve may create an unsafe environment for hands-on resident training. In this study, we validate a high fidelity, inanimate PCNL model within a full-immersion simulation environment. METHODS: Anatomically correct models of the human pelvicaliceal system, kidney, and relevant adjacent structures were created using polyvinyl alcohol hydrogels and three-dimensional-printed injection molds...
December 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952697/-application-of-3d-printing-in-urology
#14
REVIEW
Yu G Alyaev, E A Bezrukov, D N Fiev, E S Sirota, S V Pesegov, I Sh Byadretdinov
The purpose of this article is to outline the role and possible applications of 3D printing in urology. At present, this technique provides the opportunity to choose the individual strategy of patient management, to conduct preoperative planning and surgical rehearsal; for medical specialists to reduce the learning curve in mastering modern complex surgical techniques, and for doctors and students to improve understanding of pathological processes in the kidney and the prostate gland.
September 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826704/the-application-of-a-three-dimensional-printed-product-to-fill-the-space-after-organ-removal
#15
Jui-Yu Weng, Che-Chuna Wang, Pei-Jar Chen, Sher-Wei Lim, Jinn-Rung Kuo
BACKGROUND: Maintaining body integrity, especially in Asian societies, is an independent predictor of organ donation. CASE DESCRIPTION: Herein, we report the case of an 18-year-old man who suffered a traumatic brain injury with ensuing brain death caused by a car accident. According to the family's wishes, we used a 3-dimensional printer to create simulated heart, kidneys, and liver to fill the spaces after the patient's organs were removed. This is the first case report to introduce this new clinical application of 3-dimensional printed products during transplantation surgery...
November 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765636/high-resolution-patterned-cellular-constructs-by-droplet-based-3d-printing
#16
Alexander D Graham, Sam N Olof, Madeline J Burke, James P K Armstrong, Ellina A Mikhailova, James G Nicholson, Stuart J Box, Francis G Szele, Adam W Perriman, Hagan Bayley
Bioprinting is an emerging technique for the fabrication of living tissues that allows cells to be arranged in predetermined three-dimensional (3D) architectures. However, to date, there are limited examples of bioprinted constructs containing multiple cell types patterned at high-resolution. Here we present a low-cost process that employs 3D printing of aqueous droplets containing mammalian cells to produce robust, patterned constructs in oil, which were reproducibly transferred to culture medium. Human embryonic kidney (HEK) cells and ovine mesenchymal stem cells (oMSCs) were printed at tissue-relevant densities (10(7) cells mL(-1)) and a high droplet resolution of 1 nL...
August 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707625/bioprinting-of-functional-vascularized-mouse-thyroid-gland-construct
#17
Elena A Bulanova, Elizaveta V Koudan, Jonathan Degosserie, Charlotte Heymans, Frederico DAS Pereira, Vladislav A Parfenov, Yi Sun, Qi Wang, Suraya A Akhmedova, Irina K Sviridova, Natalia S Sergeeva, Georgy A Frank, Yusef D Khesuani, Christophe E Pierreux, Vladimir A Mironov
Bioprinting can be defined as additive biofabrication of 3D tissues and organ constructs using tissue spheroids, capable of self-assembly, as building blocks. Thyroid gland, a relatively simple endocrine organ, is suitable for testing the proposed bioprinting technology. Here we report the bioprinting of functional vascularized mouse thyroid gland construct from embryonic tissue spheroids as a proof of concept. Based on the self-assembly principle, we generated thyroid tissue starting from thyroid spheroids (TS) and allantoic spheroids (AS), as a source of thyrocytes and endothelial cells (EC), respectively...
July 14, 2017: Biofabrication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632265/3d-printed-conformal-microfluidics-for-isolation-and-profiling-of-biomarkers-from-whole-organs
#18
Manjot Singh, Yuxin Tong, Kelly Webster, Ellen Cesewski, Alexander P Haring, Sahil Laheri, Bill Carswell, Timothy J O'Brien, Charles H Aardema, Ryan S Senger, John L Robertson, Blake N Johnson
The ability to interface microfluidic devices with native complex biological architectures, such as whole organs, has the potential to shift the paradigm for the study and analysis of biological tissue. Here, we show 3D printing can be used to fabricate bio-inspired conformal microfluidic devices that directly interface with the surface of whole organs. Structured-light scanning techniques enabled the 3D topographical matching of microfluidic device geometry to porcine kidney anatomy. Our studies show molecular species are spontaneously transferred from the organ cortex to the conformal microfluidic device in the presence of fluid flow through the organ-conforming microchannel...
July 25, 2017: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520334/kidney-anatomy-three-dimensional-3d-printed-pelvicalyceal-system-models-of-the-collector-system-improve-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-stone-disease
#19
EDITORIAL
Luciano A Favorito
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498800/locally-applied-5-fluorouracil-loaded-slow-release-patch-prevents-pancreatic-cancer-growth-in-an-orthotopic-mouse-model
#20
In Kyong Shim, Hye-Jin Yi, Hee-Gyeong Yi, Chan Mi Lee, Yu Na Lee, Yeong-Jin Choi, Seong-Yun Jeong, Eunsung Jun, Robert M Hoffman, Dong-Woo Cho, Song Cheol Kim
To obtain improved efficacy against pancreatic cancer, we investigated the efficacy and safety of a locally-applied 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-loaded polymeric patch on pancreatic tumors in an orthotopic nude-mouse model. The 5-FU-releasing polymeric patch was produced by 3D printing. After application of the patch, it released the drug slowly for 4 weeks, and suppressed BxPC-3 pancreas cancer growth. Luciferase imaging of BxPC3-Luc cells implanted in the pancreas was performed longitudinally. The drug patch delivered a 30...
June 20, 2017: Oncotarget
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