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Hip ultrasonography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913369/changes-in-the-width-of-the-tibiofibular-syndesmosis-related-to-lower-extremity-joint-dynamics-and-neuromuscular-coordination-on-drop-landing-during-the-menstrual-cycle
#1
Michie Okazaki, Masaaki Kaneko, Yukisato Ishida, Norio Murase, Toshihito Katsumura
BACKGROUND: Many injuries of the lower extremities, especially the knee and ankle, occur during sports activity, and the incidence rate is higher in women than in men. HYPOTHESIS: The hypothesis was that phases of the menstrual cycle affect the width of the tibiofibular syndesmosis during drop landing in healthy young women and that such changes at the tibiofibular joint also affect the dynamics and neuromuscular coordination of the lower extremities. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive laboratory study...
September 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888607/effect-of-increasing-amounts-of-milk-replacer-powder-added-to-whole-milk-on-postweaning-performance-reproduction-glucose-metabolism-and-mammary-fat-pad-in-dairy-heifers
#2
C F A Lage, R A Azevedo, F S Machado, M M Campos, L G R Pereira, T R Tomich, B C Carvalho, B R C Alves, G B Santos, F Z Brandão, S G Coelho
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of increasing the total solids (TS) content of liquid feed, by adding increasing amounts of milk replacer powder to whole milk, on age at puberty and postweaning performance, glucose metabolism, and mammary fat pad of dairy heifers. Crossbreed Holstein × Gyr heifers (n = 58) were distributed into 4 different treatments during the preweaning period. Treatments consisted of liquid feeds with TS content of 12.5 (actual TS = 13.5 ± 0.53%; n = 15), 15.0 (actual TS = 16...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819599/synovial-chondromatosis-a-rare-differential-diagnosis-of-hip-pain-in-a-child
#3
Manesh Chacko Philip, Sajeer Usman
INTRODUCTION: Primary synovial chondromatosis (SC) is a disease of the synovium occurring in the third to fifth decade of life with the peak incidence in the fifth decade and commonly involves the knee in 50% cases. The diagnosis of SC is primarily radiological and intraoperative. Primary SC of the hip is rare, and their prevalence is not known. CASE REPORT: A 7-year-old female child presented with pain and limp left hip for 6 weeks. She had a stiff hip gait. Clinical examination revealed a fixed abduction, flexion deformity, and restricted internal rotation with apparent lengthening of 2 cm...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758090/intramuscular-hematoma-following-radial-extracorporeal-shockwave-therapy-for-chronic-neurogenic-heterotopic-ossification-a-case-report
#4
Howard Kim, Ji Hwan Cheon, Dong Youl Lee, Ji Hong Cheon, Youn Kyung Cho, Sung Hoon Lee, Eun Young Kang
Extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) has been reported to be a safe and effective method for decreasing pain and relieving range of motion (ROM) limitations caused by neurogenic heterotopic ossification (NHO), though there has been no report that it might cause hematoma if applied to NHO. We hereby report a case of massive hematoma after ESWT, specifically the radial shockwave therapy (RSWT) device at both hips in a 49-year-old female patient with NHO. She had developed NHO after extensive subarachnoid hemorrhage...
June 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736369/-an-ultrasonographic-study-of-the-correlation-between-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip-and-congenital-muscular-torticollis-in-children
#5
Na Wang, Yu-le Zhang, Bu-Yun Guan, Li-Ling Zhu, Xue-Hua He, Qian Fang, Zhi-Cheng Liang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the significance of early screening of pediatric developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) and congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) using ultrasonography and establish a simultaneous screening model for pediatric DDH and CMT. METHODS: From January, 2013 to January, 2016, a total of 5060 pediatric patients with suspected DDH and CMT underwent ultrasonic examinations. The diagnostic results of the two diseases were classified into different clinical types, and Chi-square test was used to analyze the one-way relationship between different types of DDH and CMT; correspondence analysis was used for multivariate analysis of the variables...
July 20, 2017: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692451/the-value-of-musculoskeletal-ultrasound-in-geriatric-care-and-rehabilitation
#6
Büşra Can, Murat Kara, Özgür Kara, Zekeriya Ülger, Walter R Frontera, Levent Özçakar
The WHO reports that one of the major chronic conditions affecting the elderly worldwide is musculoskeletal disorders that are associated with long-term pain and disability. Considering the healthcare needs of the elderly (i.e. comprehensive, accessible, efficient) and the advantages of ultrasound (US) use (patient-friendly, convenient, cost-effective, and does not require exposure to radiation or magnetic fields), there seems to be a 'gap' in the actual clinical practice. In this paper, we aimed to highlight the potential value of US imaging in the management of the elderly with a wide spectrum of musculoskeletal conditions (degenerative/rheumatic joint diseases, falls/trauma, nursing care, peripheral nerve problems, sarcopenia, and interventions)...
July 7, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664622/subclinical-atherosclerosis-in-low-framingham-risk-hiv-patients
#7
Rafael León, Sergio Reus, Nicolás López, Irene Portilla, José Sánchez-Payá, Livia Giner, Vicente Boix, Esperanza Merino, Diego Torrús, Óscar Moreno, Joaquín Portilla
BACKGROUND: Pathogenesis of atherosclerosis is complex and differences between HIV-infected patients and general population cannot be completely explained by the higher prevalence of traditional cardiovascular risk factors. We aimed to analyse the association between inflammation and subclinical atherosclerosis in HIV patients with low Framingham risk score. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Case-control study. SETTING: outpatient Infectious Diseases clinic in a university hospital...
June 29, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664329/in-type-2-diabetes-subjects-trabecular-bone-score-is-better-associated-with-carotid-intima-media-thickness-than-bmd
#8
Carla Caffarelli, Amalia Giambelluca, Viola Ghini, Valentina Francolini, Maria Dea Tomai Pitinca, Ranuccio Nuti, Stefano Gonnelli
Literature data reported that in elderly subjects, carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) was negatively associated with bone mineral density (BMD). Paradoxically, type-2 diabetes (T2DM) patients, despite having higher BMD, present an increased risk of fragility fractures and cardiovascular complications. Some studies have reported trabecular bone score (TBS), an index of trabecular bone quality, as possibly being reduced in T2DM. This study aimed to evaluate whether in T2DM subjects TBS was better associated with IMT with respect to BMD...
June 29, 2017: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659058/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip-a-current-practice-of-paediatric-orthopaedic-surgeons
#9
Rakan S Al-Essa, Fares H Aljahdali, Rakan M Alkhilaiwi, Winnie Philip, Ayman H Jawadi, Khalid I Khoshhal
BACKGROUND: Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is one of the prevalent musculoskeletal conditions in young adults and is a leading cause of hip osteoarthrosis in this age group. The optimum age for surgical intervention when needed is not well established in the literature and the lack of management guidelines and standard practice of DDH leads to different practices worldwide. This study aims to investigate the current practice of paediatric orthopaedic surgeons in diagnosing and treating DDH worldwide and identify points of agreement and disagreement...
May 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606466/hip-rate-of-force-development-and-strength-are-impaired-in-females-with-patellofemoral-pain-without-signs-of-altered-gluteus-medius-and-maximus-morphology
#10
Guilherme S Nunes, Christian John Barton, Fábio Viadanna Serrão
OBJECTIVES: To compare rate of force development (RFD) and isometric muscle strength of the hip abductors and extensors; and the thickness and the amount of non-contractile tissue of the gluteus medius and maximus between females with and without patellofemoral pain (PFP). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Fifty-four physically active females (27 with PFP and 27 healthy individuals) were studied. Hip muscle isometric strength and RFD was evaluated using isokinetic dynamometry...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583152/utilization-of-ultrasonography-to-detect-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip-when-reality-turns-selective-screening-into-universal-use
#11
Rachel Wilf-Miron, Jacob Kuint, Ronit Peled, Asaf Cohen, Avi Porath
BACKGROUND: Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) occurs in 3-5 of 1000 live births and is associated with known risk factors. In most countries, formal practice for early detection of DDH entails the combination of risk factor identification and physical examination of the hip, while the golden standard diagnostic instrument is hip ultrasonography (US). This practice is commonly referred to as selective screening. Infants with positive US findings are treated with a Pavlik harness, a dynamic abduction splint...
June 5, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532441/usefulness-of-clinical-predictors-for-preoperative-screening-of-deep-vein-thrombosis-in-hip-fractures
#12
Kitchai Luksameearunothai, Paphon Sa-Ngasoongsong, Noratep Kulachote, Sorawut Thamyongkit, Praman Fuangfa, Pongsthorn Chanplakorn, Patarawan Woratanarat, Chanyut Suphachatwong
BACKGROUND: Recent studies showed that preoperative deep vein thrombosis (DVT) was common after hip fracture (HF), and preoperative DVT screening has been recommended for preventing the fatal DVT-related complications, especially in elderly HF patients with high surgical risk. However, to our knowledge, no previous studies have demonstrated the correlation between the clinical risk predictors and preoperative DVT. Therefore, this study aimed to correlate those clinical predictors related to DVT risk assessment with the incidence of preoperative DVT...
May 22, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507643/imaging-of-complications-after-limb-prostheses-implantation-in-children-with-bone-tumors
#13
Beata Iwanowska, Hanna Brągoszewska, Jarosław Mądzik, Sylwia Szkudlińska-Pawlak, Izabela Kopyś-Wiszniewska, Małgorzata Jastrzębska, Barbara Kowalska, Maria Uliasz, Monika Bekiesińska-Figatowska
BACKGROUND: Tumors of the developmental age are an important problem in clinical practice. Primary bone tumors constitute 1-1.5% of all tumors, and 7% of all tumors diagnosed in the developmental age. The aim of the study was to assess the capabilities of imaging methods in diagnosing complications of limb endoprostheses in children with osteoarticular tumors. MATERIAL/METHODS: We included 155 patients with limb endoprostheses, aged 7-26 years. There were 113 patients with knee prostheses, 1 patient with bilateral knee prostheses, 16 patients with shoulder prostheses, 14 patients with hip prostheses, 11 patients with hip and knee prostheses, and 1 patient with a femoral prosthesis...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507642/diagnostic-imaging-of-pregnant-women-the-role-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#14
Monika Bekiesińska-Figatowska, Anna Romaniuk-Doroszewska, Sylwia Szkudlińska-Pawlak, Agnieszka Duczkowska, Jarosław Mądzik, Martyna Szopa-Krupińska, Tomasz M Maciejewski
BACKGROUND: Presentation of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in pregnant women in the Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Institute of Mother and Child, Warsaw, Poland. MATERIAL/METHODS: Forty-three symptomatic pregnant women underwent MRI between 9 and 33 weeks of gestation (mean of 23 weeks). Moreover, we included 2 pregnant women who underwent fetal MRI and had incidental abnormalities. RESULTS: In 9 cases, we excluded the suspected brain abnormalities...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491040/association-between-carotid-intima-media-thickness-and-heart-rate-variability-in-adults-at-increased-cardiovascular-risk
#15
Valter L Pereira, Mirela Dobre, Sandra G Dos Santos, Juliana S Fuzatti, Carlos R Oliveira, Luciana A Campos, Andrei Brateanu, Ovidiu C Baltatu
Background: Atherosclerotic carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) may be associated with alterations in the sensitivity of carotid baroreceptors. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between carotid IMT and the autonomic modulation of heart rate variability (HRV). Methods: A total of 101 subjects were enrolled in this prospective observational study. The carotid IMT was determined by duplex ultrasonography. The cardiac autonomic function was determined through HRV measures during the Deep Breathing Test...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471968/spinal-anesthesia-increases-the-risk-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-total-arthroplasty-secondary-analysis-of-a-j-psvt-cohort-study-on-anesthesia
#16
MULTICENTER STUDY
Mashio Nakamura, Masataka Kamei, Seiji Bito, Kiyoshi Migita, Shigeki Miyata, Kenji Kumagai, Isao Abe, Yasuaki Nakagawa, Yuichiro Nakayama, Masanobu Saito, Takaaki Tanaka, Satoru Motokawa
Clinical guidance on the choice of anesthetic modality vis-à-vis the risk of perioperative venous thromboembolism (VTE) is largely lacking because of a paucity of recent evidence. A comparative effect of general anesthesia and neuraxial blockade on the perioperative incidence of VTE has not been well-investigated.We compared the effects of different types of anesthetic modalities on the risk of VTE after total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA).This is a secondary analysis of the Japanese Study of Prevention and Actual Situation of Venous Thromboembolism after Total Arthroplasty (J-PSVT)...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429109/associations-of-maximal-voluntary-isometric-hip-extension-torque-with-muscle-size-of-hamstring-and-gluteus-maximus-and-intra-abdominal-pressure
#17
Kota Tayashiki, Kosuke Hirata, Kiraku Ishida, Hiroaki Kanehisa, Naokazu Miyamoto
PURPOSE: Muscle size of the hamstring and gluteus maximus (GM) as well as intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) are considered as factors affecting the torque development during hip extension. This study examined the associations of torque development during maximal voluntary isometric hip extension with IAP and muscle size of the hamstring and GM. METHODS: Anatomical cross-sectional area (ACSA) of the hamstring and thickness of GM were determined in 20 healthy young males using an ultrasonography apparatus (Experiment 1)...
April 20, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400351/frequency-of-nodular-goiter-and-autoimmune-thyroid-disease-and-association-of-these-disorders-with-insulin-resistance-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#18
Melia Karaköse, Sema Hepsen, Erman Çakal, Müyesser Saykı Arslan, Esra Tutal, Şafak Akın, İlknur Ünsal, Mustafa Özbek
OBJECTIVE: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a frequent endocrine disease in women. Nodular goiter and autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) are endocrinologic abnormalities that have high prevalence. The purpose of our study was to detect the prevalence of AITD and nodular goiter in patients with PCOS and investigate whether PCOS-related hormones and metabolic factors affect these thyroid disorders. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ninety-seven women with PCOS and 71 healthy female volunteers were recruited into the study...
June 1, 2017: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395685/the-benefit-of-pharmacological-venous-thromboprophylaxis-in-foot-and-ankle-surgery
#19
N P Saragas, P N F Ferrao, B F Jacobson, E Saragas, A Strydom
BACKGROUND: Ten percent of patients with a deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) will develop a fatal pulmonary embolism (PE), often initially asymptomatic. The risks and benefits of pharmacological thromboprophylaxis are well documented in respect of total joint arthroplasty and hip fractures, but little is understood about the incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) or the potential risks and benefits of chemoprophylaxis in foot and ankle surgery. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether prophylactic chemoprophylaxis had any impact on the prevention of VTE in a cohort of foot and ankle surgical patients requiring the combination of below-knee cast immobilisation and non-weightbearing for ≥4 weeks...
March 29, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389554/eular-recommendations-for-the-use-of-imaging-in-the-clinical-management-of-peripheral-joint-osteoarthritis
#20
Garifallia Sakellariou, Philip G Conaghan, Weiya Zhang, Johannes W J Bijlsma, Pernille Boyesen, Maria Antonietta D'Agostino, Michael Doherty, Daniela Fodor, Margreet Kloppenburg, Falk Miese, Esperanza Naredo, Mark Porcheret, Annamaria Iagnocco
The increased information provided by modern imaging has led to its more extensive use. Our aim was to develop evidence-based recommendations for the use of imaging in the clinical management of the most common arthropathy, osteoarthritis (OA). A task force (including rheumatologists, radiologists, methodologists, primary care doctors and patients) from nine countries defined 10 questions on the role of imaging in OA to support a systematic literature review (SLR). Joints of interest were the knee, hip, hand and foot; imaging modalities included conventional radiography (CR), MRI, ultrasonography, CT and nuclear medicine...
September 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
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