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Hip ultrasonography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429109/associations-of-maximal-voluntary-isometric-hip-extension-torque-with-muscle-size-of-hamstring-and-gluteus-maximus-and-intra-abdominal-pressure
#1
Kota Tayashiki, Kosuke Hirata, Kiraku Ishida, Hiroaki Kanehisa, Naokazu Miyamoto
PURPOSE: Muscle size of the hamstring and gluteus maximus (GM) as well as intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) are considered as factors affecting the torque development during hip extension. This study examined the associations of torque development during maximal voluntary isometric hip extension with IAP and muscle size of the hamstring and GM. METHODS: Anatomical cross-sectional area (ACSA) of the hamstring and thickness of GM were determined in 20 healthy young males using an ultrasonography apparatus (Experiment 1)...
April 20, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400351/frequency-of-nodular-goiter-and-autoimmune-thyroid-disease-and-association-of-these-disorders-with-insulin-resistance-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#2
Melia Karaköse, Sema Hepsen, Erman Çakal, Müyesser Saykı Arslan, Esra Tutal, Şafak Akın, İlknur Ünsal, Mustafa Özbek
OBJECTIVE: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a frequent endocrine disease in women. Nodular goiter and autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) are the endocrinological abnormalities that have high prevalence. The purpose of our study was to detect the prevalence of AITD and nodular goiter in PCOS patients and investigate whether PCOS related hormones and metabolic factors affect these thyroid disorders. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ninety-seven with PCOS and seventy-one healthy female volunteers were recruited in the study...
February 7, 2017: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395685/the-benefit-of-pharmacological-venous-thromboprophylaxis-in-foot-and-ankle-surgery
#3
N P Saragas, P N F Ferrao, B F Jacobson, E Saragas, A Strydom
BACKGROUND: Ten percent of patients with a deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) will develop a fatal pulmonary embolism (PE), often initially asymptomatic. The risks and benefits of pharmacological thromboprophylaxis are well documented in respect of total joint arthroplasty and hip fractures, but little is understood about the incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) or the potential risks and benefits of chemoprophylaxis in foot and ankle surgery. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether prophylactic chemoprophylaxis had any impact on the prevention of VTE in a cohort of foot and ankle surgical patients requiring the combination of below-knee cast immobilisation and non-weightbearing for ≥4 weeks...
March 29, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389554/eular-recommendations-for-the-use-of-imaging-in-the-clinical-management-of-peripheral-joint-osteoarthritis
#4
Garifallia Sakellariou, Philip G Conaghan, Weiya Zhang, Johannes W J Bijlsma, Pernille Boyesen, Maria Antonietta D'Agostino, Michael Doherty, Daniela Fodor, Margreet Kloppenburg, Falk Miese, Esperanza Naredo, Mark Porcheret, Annamaria Iagnocco
The increased information provided by modern imaging has led to its more extensive use. Our aim was to develop evidence-based recommendations for the use of imaging in the clinical management of the most common arthropathy, osteoarthritis (OA). A task force (including rheumatologists, radiologists, methodologists, primary care doctors and patients) from nine countries defined 10 questions on the role of imaging in OA to support a systematic literature review (SLR). Joints of interest were the knee, hip, hand and foot; imaging modalities included conventional radiography (CR), MRI, ultrasonography, CT and nuclear medicine...
April 7, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382187/ultrasonographic-diagnosis-of-slipped-capital-femoral-epiphysis
#5
Manikandan Palaniappan, Venkatraman Indiran, Prabakaran Maduraimuthu
BACKGROUND: Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE), a fracture through the physis with resultant slip of the epiphysis, is the most common hip abnormality in adolescents and is a major cause of early osteoarthritis. Plain radiograph is the initial modality used to evaluate patients with painful hip joints. Ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which do not involve radiation exposure, have also been used. This case report supports the view that ultrasound can be used as an initial, cost-effective and radiation-free modality for the evaluation of suspected SCFE...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379854/clinical-usefulness-of-controlled-attenuation-parameter-to-screen-hepatic-steatosis-for-potential-donor-of-living-donor-liver-transplant
#6
Young Mi Hong, Ki Tae Yoon, Mong Cho, Chong Woo Chu, Je Ho Rhu, Kwang Ho Yang, Jun Woo Lee
OBJECTIVE: Hepatic steatosis is associated with an increased risk of graft loss. Although the controlled attenuation parameter (CAP), a process based on transient elastography, has been suggested as a noninvasive method of assessing hepatic steatosis, to date, there is no study on the usefulness of CAP as a single screening tool for detecting hepatic steatosis in potential living donor liver. We evaluated the accuracy of CAP for detecting hepatic steatosis in potential liver donors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All potential donors of living-donor liver transplantation who underwent a CAP assessment and ultrasonography-guided liver biopsy were enrolled...
April 4, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372341/ultrasonography-of-the-pediatric-hip-and-spine
#7
Yeo Ryang Kang, Joonbum Koo
Ultrasonography (US) is a useful screening method for the diagnosis of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) and congenital spinal anomalies in infants. In addition, US is a useful, noninvasive imaging modality for the diagnosis of transient synovitis in children. The early detection of DDH leads to a better prognosis without surgical intervention. Moreover, spinal US allows the detection of congenital malformations and can also demonstrate normal anatomy and normal variants that may resemble disorders. Therefore, radiologists should be familiar with the sonographic anatomy of the normal infant hip, scanning and measurement techniques for DDH, the US features of transient synovitis in children, spinal US techniques, and the US features of normal anatomical structures, normal variants, and congenital spinal anomalies...
February 22, 2017: Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356650/the-effects-of-pelvic-diagonal-movements-and-resistance-on-the-lumbar-multifidus
#8
Ji-Yeon Lee, Dong-Yeop Lee, Ji-Heon Hong, Jae-Ho Yu, Jin Seop Kim
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of pelvic diagonal movements, made with and without resistance, on the thickness of lumbar multifidus muscles. [Subjects and Methods] Participants in this study were healthy subjects who had no musculoskeletal disorders or lumbar-related pain. Participants were positioned on their side and instructed to lie with their hip flexor at 40 degrees. Ultrasonography was used for measurement, and the values of two calculations were averaged. [Results] The thickness of ipsilateral lumbar multifidus muscles showed a significant difference following the exercise of pelvic diagonal movements...
March 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356625/instantaneous-changes-in-respiratory-function-induced-by-passive-pelvic-suspension-in-the-supine-position-in-relation-to-increased-diaphragm-excursion
#9
Tatsuya Ishizuka, Naoya Nishida, Yuuki Homma, Tetsuro Hirayama, Yukisato Ishida, Fujiyasu Kakizaki, Masato Konishi
[Purpose] This study aimed to introduce an approach of pelvic suspension (PS) using sling cords and to obtain evidence for changes in respiratory function of healthy subjects. [Subjects and Methods] Subjects were 25 healthy men. In the supine position, with hip and knee joints flexed at 90°, the subjects' pelvises were suspended with sling belts. Diaphragm excursion, respiratory function, and respiratory comfort in these postures were measured using ultrasonography, respirometry, and visual analog scale (VAS), respectively...
March 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343749/manual-calf-massage-and-passive-ankle-motion-reduce-the-incidence-of-deep-vein-thromboembolism-after-total-hip-arthroplasty
#10
Norio Imai, Tomoyuki Ito, Ken Suda, Dai Miyasaka, Naoto Endo
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism is one of the general complications following total hip arthroplasty, wherein various preventive treatments have been recommended. Several studies reported that venous thromboembolism incidence after total hip arthroplasty was similar in patients who were administered prophylaxis with a conventional mechanical procedure alone, and those who were administered pharmacological anticoagulation therapy. Therefore, the optimum methods of prophylaxis are still controversial...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273627/ventrogluteal-versus-dorsogluteal-site-selection-a-cross-sectional-study-of-muscle-and-subcutaneous-fat-thicknesses-and-an-algorithm-incorporating-demographic-and-anthropometric-data-to-predict-injection-outcome
#11
Theresa A Larkin, Elfriede Ashcroft, Asmahan Elgellaie, Blake A Hickey
BACKGROUND: The dorsogluteal and ventrogluteal intramuscular injection sites both have their use in clinical practice; however, it has not been established in whom one or the other should be preferentially targeted or avoided. There is a need for an evidence-based approach towards site selection for a successful intramuscular injection outcome and to avoid unwanted injection outcomes of inadvertent subcutaneous injection or bone contact. Injection outcome is dependent on injection site subcutaneous fat thickness and muscle thickness; these are likely influenced by gender and anthropometry...
February 22, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271087/comparison-of-pediatric-and-general-orthopedic-surgeons-approaches-in-management-of-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip-and-flexible-flatfoot-the-road-to-clinical-consensus
#12
Ramin Haj Zargarbashi, Hirbod Nasiri Bonaki, Shayan Abdollah Zadegan, Taghi Baghdadi, Mohammad Hossein Nabian, Mehdi Ramezan Shirazi
Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) and flatfoot are common pediatric orthopedic disorders, being referred to and managed by both general and pediatric orthopedic surgeons, through various modalities. Our study aimed to evaluate their consensus and perspective disagreements in terms of diagnostic and therapeutic approaches of the mentioned deformities. Forty participants in two groups of general orthopedic surgeons (GOS) (n=20) and pediatric orthopedic surgeons (POS) (n=20), were asked to answer an 8-item questionnaire on DDH and flexible flatfoot...
January 2017: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255510/risk-factors-for-urinary-retention-following-surgical-repair-of-hip-fracture-in-female-patients
#13
Ron Cialic, Victor Shvedov, Yaffa Lerman
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Postoperative urinary retention (POUR) is a common event following surgical procedures. An increase in the number of elderly individuals who undergo hip fracture repair procedures is inevitable due to the aging of population. Postoperative urinary retention is associated with both early (infections, delirium) and late complications (urinary incontinence) of surgery. The objective of the current study is to direct attention to the less studied population of patients admitted to a geriatric rehabilitation ward following hip fracture repair who are at risk of POUR...
March 2017: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219656/ultrasound-abnormalities-in-septic-arthritis-are-associated-with-functional-outcomes
#14
Emeline Gaigneux, Grégoire Cormier, Stéphane Varin, Oriane Mérot, Yves Maugars, Benoit Le Goff
OBJECTIVES: To describe the ultrasound abnormalities seen in septic arthritis and to assess their associations with clinical, biological, and radiological outcomes. METHODS: We prospectively included 34 patients with septic arthritis of a native joint (knee, n=19; shoulder, n=6; hip, n=4; ankle, n=3; or wrist, n=2). Ultrasonography was performed to record synovial-membrane thickness and vascularity, joint effusion, and abnormalities of adjacent soft tissues, at baseline then 4days, 2weeks, and 3months later...
February 17, 2017: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208931/pseudo-exstrophy-of-bladder-with-unilateral-renal-agenesis-a-rare-combination-of-two-anomalies
#15
Abdolhamid Amouei, Mohammad Baghi Yazdi, Fatemeh Ehsani, Mojtaba Babaei Zarch
Pseudo-exstrophy of bladder is an uncommon condition characterized by the major musculoskeletal defects without urinary system defects. A two-day-old female neonate was presented with pseudo-exstrophy of the bladder and unilateral renal agenesis- A rare combination of two anomalies. She was born at 37 weeks gestational age with caesarean section delivery. The X-ray of hip revealed pubic diastasis. Ultrasonography clearly showed absence of the left kidney with a normal right kidney. The patient was treated successfully with proper surgical management...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143500/establishing-percentile-charts-for-hip-joint-capsule-and-synovial-cavity-thickness-in-apparently-healthy-children
#16
Zbigniew Żuber, Aleksander Owczarek, Małgorzata Sobczyk, Agata Migas-Majoch, Dorota Turowska-Heydel, Agnieszka Sternal, Justyna Michalczak, Jerzy Chudek
BACKGROUND: The usefulness of musculoskeletal ultrasonography (MSUS) in paediatric population is limited by lack of reference values. One of such parameters is hip joint capsule thickness, postulated as an early measure for synovitis. However, the joint capsule is hardly a distinguished structure from slit synovial cavity in patients with little or no fluid collection. Therefore, in patients without effusion, it is more convenient to measure hip joint capsule thickness together with synovial cavity...
January 31, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101773/what-is-the-appropriate-strategy-for-diagnosing-nafld-using-ultrasonography-in-obese-children
#17
Jee Hyun Lee, Su Jin Jeong
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to identify obese children who are candidates for a potential diagnosis of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). METHODS: We enrolled 242 obese children (122 boys and 120 girls) aged 7-16 years who were examined with abdominal ultrasonography in our pediatric obesity clinic. We compared patients in the normal group with those in the NAFLD group (mild disease, moderate to severe disease) and identified the optimal anthropometric parameters among height, weight, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, hip circumference, waist to height ratio (WHtR), and waist to hip ratio to predict NAFLD using a receiver operating characteristic curve analysis...
January 19, 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087813/ethnic-differences-in-anthropometric-measures-and-abdominal-fat-distribution-a-cross-sectional-pooled-study-in-inuit-africans-and-europeans
#18
Pernille F Rønn, Gregers S Andersen, Torsten Lauritzen, Dirk L Christensen, Mette Aadahl, Bendix Carstensen, Marit E Jørgensen
BACKGROUND: Ethnic variation in abdominal fat distribution may explain differences in cardiometabolic risk between populations. However, the ability of anthropometric measures to quantify abdominal fat is not clearly understood across ethnic groups. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between anthropometric measures and visceral (VAT) and subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue (SAT) in Inuit, Africans and Europeans. METHODS: We combined cross-sectional data from 3 studies conducted in Greenland, Kenya and Denmark using similar methodology...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053389/is-pre-operative-assessment-of-coagulation-profile-with-thrombelastography-teg-useful-in-predicting-venous-thromboembolism-vte-following-orthopaedic-surgery
#19
Apurve Parameswaran, Vignesh P Krishnamoorthy, Anil T Oommen, Anita Jasper, Ravi J Korula, Sukesh C Nair, Pradeep M Poonnoose
INTRODUCTION: Epidemiologic data on the incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in Indian population vary widely. Most studies show that the incidence of VTE is lower in Asian patients than in Western population. Screening tools to identify high-risk patients should enable us to reduce this complication. METHODS: The incidence of VTE in 101 patients who underwent knee or hip arthroplasty, or surgery for hip fractures, without chemoprophylaxis for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) was documented...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018077/hip-adductor-pyomyositis-from-streptococcus-mitis-in-a-four-year-old-child
#20
Metin Tolga Buldu, Raghu Raman
The unique aspect of this case study is the unusual history, presentation, ultrasonography, MRI and blood culture results, which lead to the diagnosis and treatment of adductor pyomyositis with a rare organism in a temperate country. The patient presented with a one-day history of malaise, fever, left groin pain and inability to weight bear on the left leg. There was no history of any trauma, predisposing infections or recent travel. Plain radiograph and ultrasound of the hip was normal with no effusion. Two consecutive blood cultures suggested Streptococcus mitis bacteraemia and MRI scan confirmed pyomyositis of the left hip adductors that was too small to drain...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
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