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Hip ultrasonography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101773/what-is-the-appropriate-strategy-for-diagnosing-nafld-using-ultrasonography-in-obese-children
#1
Jee Hyun Lee, Su Jin Jeong
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to identify obese children who are candidates for a potential diagnosis of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). METHODS: We enrolled 242 obese children (122 boys and 120 girls) aged 7-16 years who were examined with abdominal ultrasonography in our pediatric obesity clinic. We compared patients in the normal group with those in the NAFLD group (mild disease, moderate to severe disease) and identified the optimal anthropometric parameters among height, weight, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, hip circumference, waist to height ratio (WHtR), and waist to hip ratio to predict NAFLD using a receiver operating characteristic curve analysis...
January 19, 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087813/ethnic-differences-in-anthropometric-measures-and-abdominal-fat-distribution-a-cross-sectional-pooled-study-in-inuit-africans-and-europeans
#2
Pernille F Rønn, Gregers S Andersen, Torsten Lauritzen, Dirk L Christensen, Mette Aadahl, Bendix Carstensen, Marit E Jørgensen
BACKGROUND: Ethnic variation in abdominal fat distribution may explain differences in cardiometabolic risk between populations. However, the ability of anthropometric measures to quantify abdominal fat is not clearly understood across ethnic groups. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between anthropometric measures and visceral (VAT) and subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue (SAT) in Inuit, Africans and Europeans. METHODS: We combined cross-sectional data from 3 studies conducted in Greenland, Kenya and Denmark using similar methodology...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053389/is-pre-operative-assessment-of-coagulation-profile-with-thrombelastography-teg-useful-in-predicting-venous-thromboembolism-vte-following-orthopaedic-surgery
#3
Apurve Parameswaran, Vignesh P Krishnamoorthy, Anil T Oommen, Anita Jasper, Ravi J Korula, Sukesh C Nair, Pradeep M Poonnoose
INTRODUCTION: Epidemiologic data on the incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in Indian population vary widely. Most studies show that the incidence of VTE is lower in Asian patients than in Western population. Screening tools to identify high-risk patients should enable us to reduce this complication. METHODS: The incidence of VTE in 101 patients who underwent knee or hip arthroplasty, or surgery for hip fractures, without chemoprophylaxis for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) was documented...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018077/hip-adductor-pyomyositis-from-streptococcus-mitis-in-a-four-year-old-child
#4
Metin Tolga Buldu, Raghu Raman
: The unique aspect of this case study is the unusual history, presentation, ultrasonography, MRI and blood culture results, which lead to the diagnosis and treatment of adductor pyomyositis with a rare organism in a temperate country. The patient presented with a one-day history of malaise, fever, left groin pain and inability to weight bear on the left leg. There was no history of any trauma, predisposing infections or recent travel. Plain radiograph and ultrasound of the hip was normal with no effusion...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857636/posterior-lateral-and-anterior-hip-pain-due-to-musculoskeletal-origin-a-narrative-literature-review-of-history-physical-examination-and-diagnostic-imaging
#5
REVIEW
Patrick J Battaglia, Kevin D'Angelo, Norman W Kettner
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to present a narrative review of the literature of musculoskeletal causes of adult hip pain, with special attention to history, physical examination, and diagnostic imaging. METHODS: A narrative review of the English medical literature was performed by using the search terms "hip pain" AND "anterior," "lateral," and "posterior." Additionally, specific entities of hip pain or pain referral sources to the hip were searched for...
December 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853489/measuring-the-effect-of-filters-on-segmentation-of-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip
#6
Hasan Erdinc Kocer, Kerim Kursat Cevik, Mesut Sivri, Mustafa Koplay
BACKGROUND: Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) can be detected with ultrasonography (USG) images. However, the accuracy of this method is dependent on the skill of the radiologist. Radiologists measure the hip joint angles without computer-based diagnostic systems. This causes mistakes in the diagnosis of DDH. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we aimed to automate segmentation of DDH ultrasound images in order to make it convenient for radiologic diagnosis by this recommended system...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Radiology: a Quarterly Journal Published By the Iranian Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847852/assessment-of-diagnostic-value-of-single-view-dynamic-technique-in-diagnosis-of-developmental-dysplasia-of-hip-a-comparison-with-static-and-dynamic-ultrasond-techniques
#7
Seyed Ali Alamdaran, Sahar Kazemi, Ali Parsa, Mohammad Hallaj Moghadam, Ali Feyzi, Reza Mardani
BACKGROUND: Developmental dysplasia of hip (DDH) is a common childhood disorder, and ultrasonography examination is routinely used for screening purposes. In this study, we aimed to evaluate a modified combined static and dynamic ultrasound technique for the detection of DDH and to compare with the results of static and dynamic ultrasound techniques. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, during 2013- 2015, 300 high-risk infants were evaluated by ultrasound for DDH...
October 2016: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729627/obesity-and-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-patients-receiving-entecavir-for-chronic-hepatitis-b
#8
Jaemin Lee, Sun Hong Yoo, Won Sohn, Hyung Woo Kim, Yong Sun Choi, Jung Ho Won, Jin Young Heo, Sang Jong Park, Young Min Park
BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study aimed to clarify the effect of obesity on the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients receiving antiviral treatment. METHODS: This study applied a retrospective analysis to a historical cohort in Bundang Jesaeng Hospital. In total, 102 CHB patients were treated with entecavir as an initial treatment for CHB and checked for obesity using a body composition analyzer. Hepatic steatosis was measured semiquantitatively using Hamaguchi's scoring system in ultrasonography...
September 2016: Clinical and Molecular Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726744/sports-injuries-about-the-hip-what-the-radiologist-should-know
#9
Tarek M Hegazi, Jeffrey A Belair, Eoghan J McCarthy, Johannes B Roedl, William B Morrison
Injuries of the hip and surrounding structures represent a complex and commonly encountered scenario in athletes, with improper diagnosis serving as a cause of delayed return to play or progression to a more serious injury. As such, radiologists play an essential role in guiding management of athletic injuries. Familiarity with hip anatomy and the advantages and limitations of various imaging modalities is of paramount importance for accurate and timely diagnosis. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is often the modality of choice for evaluating many of the injuries discussed, although preliminary evaluation with conventional radiography and use of other imaging modalities such as ultrasonography (US), computed tomography, and bone scintigraphy may be supplementary or preferred in certain situations...
October 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707850/the-accuracy-of-imaging-techniques-in-the-assessment-of-periprosthetic-hip-infection-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
S J Verberne, P G Raijmakers, O P P Temmerman
BACKGROUND: Various imaging techniques are used for excluding or confirming periprosthetic hip infection, but there is no consensus regarding the most accurate technique. The objective of this study was to determine the accuracy of current imaging modalities in diagnosing periprosthetic hip infection. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature was conducted with a comprehensive search of MEDLINE and Embase to identify clinical studies in which periprosthetic hip infection was investigated with different imaging modalities...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679733/internal-snapping-hip-syndrome-in-dynamic-ultrasonography
#11
REVIEW
Małgorzata Piechota, Jarosław Maczuch, Jarosław Skupiński, Karolina Kukawska-Sysio, Wojciech Wawrzynek
Snapping hip syndrome is an audible or palpable snap in a hip joint during movement which may be accompanied by pain or locking. It is typically seen in young athletes performing activities requiring repeated extreme movements of the hip. It may also follow a physical trauma, intramuscular injections or surgeries. There are two main forms of snapping hip: extra- or intra-articular. Extra-articular snapping hip is elicited by an abnormal movement of specific tendons and is divided into two forms: internal and external...
September 2016: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676994/muscle-lengthening-and-structural-changes-in-the-muscle-tendon-complex-of-triceps-surae-after-1%C3%A2-year-of-rehabilitation-including-a-daily-self-stretch-program-in-patients-with-chronic-hemiparesis
#12
Maud Pradines, Ingrid Masson, Raphaël Portero, Caroline Giroux, Jean-Michel Gracies
OBJECTIVE: To explore changes in muscle architectural parameters of the muscle-tendon unit of soleus and medial gastrocnemius (GM) in patients with chronic hemiparesis, after 1 year of rehabilitation. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this prospective study, 20 chronic hemiparetic patients (8W, mean age: 56 [12], time since lesion 9 [8]) were evaluated. Muscle architectural parameters including muscle fascicle length, pennation angle, thickness, tendon and muscle belly lengths were evaluated in vivo using ultrasonography in passive condition (verified by electromyographic recording) in a seated patient with ankle, knee and hip on the paretic side at 90°...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639376/prevalence-of-osteoporosis-in-the-italian-population-and-main-risk-factors-results-of-bonetour-campaign
#13
Loredana Cavalli, Andrea Guazzini, Luisella Cianferotti, Simone Parri, Tiziana Cavalli, Alessia Metozzi, Francesca Giusti, Caterina Fossi, Dennis M Black, Maria Luisa Brandi
BACKGROUND: BoneTour is a campaign conducted throughout the Italian territory for the assessment of Italian people bone status and for the prevention of osteoporosis. METHODS: A total of 7305 sequential subjects of both sexes were screened, collecting clinical data through the FRAX™ questionnaire, and measuring heel bone stiffness by Quantitative Ultrasonography (QUS). The 10-year risk for hip and major osteoporotic fractures was calculated taking into account personal or family history of fragility fracture, smoking, alcohol abuse, rheumatoid arthritis, prolonged steroids assumption...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604190/physical-risk-factors-for-a-medial-elbow-injury-in-junior-baseball-players
#14
Jun Sakata, Emi Nakamura, Makoto Suzukawa, Atsushi Akaike, Kuniaki Shimizu
BACKGROUND: The physical risk factors for a medial elbow injury in junior baseball players are unknown. PURPOSE: To identify the risk factors for an initial medial elbow injury in junior baseball players. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: Junior baseball players (aged 6-12 years) without a history of elbow pain underwent a clinical assessment, ultrasonography, and physical function measurements before the baseball season started...
January 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27551733/diagnosis-of-intraabdominal-fluid-extravasation-after-hip-arthroscopy-with-point-of-care-ultrasonography-can-identify-patients-at-an-increased-risk-for-postoperative-pain
#15
Stephen C Haskins, Natasha A Desai, Kara G Fields, Jemiel A Nejim, Stephanie Cheng, Struan H Coleman, Danyal H Nawabi, Bryan T Kelly
BACKGROUND: Intraabdominal fluid extravasation (IAFE) after hip arthroscopy has historically been diagnosed in catastrophic circumstances with abdominal compartment syndrome requiring diuresis or surgical decompression. A previous retrospective study found the prevalence of symptomatic IAFE requiring diuresis or decompression to be 0.16%, with risk factors including surgical procedure and high pump pressures. IAFE can be diagnosed rapidly by using point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) via the Focused Assessment With Sonography for Trauma (FAST) examination, which is a well-established means to detect free fluid with high specificity and sensitivity...
August 22, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27545426/ultrasound-guided-interventions-for-core-and-hip-injuries-in-athletes
#16
REVIEW
Eoghan McCarthy, Tarek M Hegazi, Adam C Zoga, William B Morrison, William C Meyers, Alex E Poor, Mika T Nevalainen, Johannes B Roedl
Trauma and the mechanical strain of high-energy activity predispose athletes to pelvic injuries. Magnetic resonance imaging remains the primary modality for diagnosing these conditions, but ultrasonography-guided interventions are important in the management of core muscle, hip, and other pelvic conditions. This article reviews ultrasonography-guided interventions for injuries at the core, including the pelvis and hips. It reviews common injuries, procedure optimization, medication preparation, clinical evidence behind injections, tenotomy, and platelet-rich plasma...
September 2016: Radiologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27509902/congenital-zika-syndrome-with-arthrogryposis-retrospective-case-series-study
#17
Vanessa van der Linden, Epitacio Leite Rolim Filho, Otavio Gomes Lins, Ana van der Linden, Maria de Fátima Viana Vasco Aragão, Alessandra Mertens Brainer-Lima, Danielle Di Cavalcanti Sousa Cruz, Maria Angela Wanderley Rocha, Paula Fabiana Sobral da Silva, Maria Durce Costa Gomes Carvalho, Fernando José do Amaral, Joelma Arruda Gomes, Igor Colaço Ribeiro de Medeiros, Camila V Ventura, Regina Coeli Ramos
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical, radiological, and electromyographic features in a series of children with joint contractures (arthrogryposis) associated with congenital infection presumably caused by Zika virus. DESIGN: Retrospective case series study. SETTING: Association for Assistance of Disabled Children, Pernambuco state, Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: Seven children with arthrogryposis and a diagnosis of congenital infection presumably caused by Zika virus during the Brazilian microcephaly epidemic...
August 9, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27489571/hip-dysplasia-screening-epidemiological-data-from-valcea-county
#18
REVIEW
R C Colta, C Stoicanescu, M Nicolae, S Oros, G Burnei
RATIONALE: :In its most severe form, developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is one of the most common congenital malformations. Uncorrected developmental dysplasia of the hip is associated with long-term morbidity such as gait abnormalities, chronic pain, and degenerative arthritis. AIMS: (1) to identify the risks and predisposing factors involved in DDH (2) to define the incidence of the disease locally; (3) to emphasize the importance of ultrasonography in early diagnosis of DDH...
January 2016: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27488446/-diagnostics-and-treatment-of-polymyalgia-rheumatica
#19
C Dejaco, E L Matteson, F Buttgereit
Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is the most common autoimmune inflammatory disease in older persons with an average age of onset of 73 years. Typical symptoms include acute or subacute bilateral shoulder pain with severe stiffness and often neck and bilateral hip pain. Giant cell arteritis (GCA) occurs in approximately 20 % of cases and up to two thirds of patients with GCA have symptoms of PMR. There are many disease which mimic PMR, elderly onset rheumatoid arthritis is frequently misdiagnosed as PMR. Although there are no specific laboratory tests, C‑reactive protein and erythrocyte sedimentation rates are elevated in over 90 % of patients...
September 2016: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27484506/soleal-vein-dilatation-assessed-by-ultrasonography-is-an-independent-predictor-for-deep-vein-thrombosis-after-major-orthopedic-surgery
#20
Kiyoshi Abe, Satoshi Yuda, Kenji Yasui, Ayumi Okubo, Chihiro Kobayashi, Atsuko Muranaka, Hirofumi Ohnishi, Akiyoshi Hashimoto, Atsushi Teramoto, Satoshi Nagoya, Kazufumi Tsuchihashi, Toshihiko Yamashita, Satoshi Takahashi, Tetsuji Miura
BACKGROUND: Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) develops after major orthopedic surgery despite the current use of prophylaxis. DVT frequently develops in the soleal vein (SV) and might develop easily at the site of SV dilatation because of blood flow stasis. However, whether preoperative SV dilatation detected by ultrasonography predicts DVT after major orthopedic surgery remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: We examined whether SV dilatation detected by preoperative ultrasonography predicts DVT after major orthopedic surgery...
July 30, 2016: Journal of Cardiology
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