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Hip ultrasonography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135692/ultrasound-with-neurostimulation-compared-with-ultrasound-guidance-alone-for-lumbar-plexus-block-a-randomised-single-blinded-equivalence-trial
#1
Vanlapa Arnuntasupakul, Theerawat Chalachewa, Prangmalee Leurcharusmee, Worakamol Tiyaprasertkul, Roderick J Finlayson, De Q Tran
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound-guided lumbar plexus blocks usually require confirmatory neurostimulation. A simpler alternative is to inject local anaesthetic inside the posteromedial quadrant of the psoas muscle under ultrasound guidance. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesised that both techniques would result in similar total anaesthesia time, defined as the sum of performance and onset time. DESIGN: A randomised, observer-blinded, equivalence trial (equivalence margin = 7...
November 11, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095655/efficacy-of-a-prevention-program-for-medial-elbow-injuries-in-youth-baseball-players
#2
Jun Sakata, Emi Nakamura, Tatsuhiro Suzuki, Makoto Suzukawa, Atsushi Akaike, Kuniaki Shimizu, Norikazu Hirose
BACKGROUND: Youth baseball players are at high risk for elbow injuries, which can lead to future functional disability. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a prevention program to lower the risk of medial elbow injury in these athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2. METHODS: Youth baseball players, 8 to 11 years old, without a history of elbow and shoulder pain, were allocated to either the intervention (n = 136) or control (n = 169) group...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075518/usefulness-of-ultrasonography-in-the-diagnosis-of-hematoma-after-primary-hip-arthroplasty
#3
Jerzy Białecki, Paweł Bartosz, Wojciech Marczyński, Jan Zając
INTRODUCTION: To date, suction drainage has been routinely used after hip joint replacement. Currently, the validity of this practice is questioned in the literature. Hematoma is a risk factor of periprosthetic infection. Post-operative ultrasonography enables precise assessment of hip joint hematoma. AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate the usefulness of hip joint ultrasonography with respect to the validity of using suction drainage after primary hip arthroplasty...
September 2017: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065925/ultrasound-verified-inflammation-and-structural-damage-in-patients-with-hereditary-haemochromatosis-related-arthropathy
#4
Christian Dejaco, Andreas Stadlmayr, Christina Duftner, Viktoria Trimmel, Rusmir Husic, Elisabeth Krones, Shahin Zandieh, Emma Husar-Memmer, Gernot Zollner, Josef Hermann, Judith Gretler, Angelika Lackner, Anja Ficjan, Christian Datz, Roland Axman, Jochen Zwerina
BACKGROUND: Chronic arthropathy occurs in approximately two thirds of patients with hereditary haemochromatosis (HH). The aim was to study inflammatory and structural lesions in patients with HH with (HH-A) and without arthropathy (HH-WA) using ultrasonography. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of 26 patients with HH-A, 24 with HH-WA and 37 with hand osteoarthritis (HOA). Clinical examination was performed in 68 joints, and we retrieved data on hand function, pain and global disease activity (all using a visual analogue scale (VAS)), morning stiffness and ferritin levels...
October 24, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047366/the-use-of-cinacalcet-hinders-the-diagnosis-of-parathyroid-carcinoma-in-a-chronic-dialysis-patient-a-case-report
#5
Daisuke Takada, Tatsuo Tsukamoto, Miho Fuse, Shinpei Kada, Motoko Yanagita
BACKGROUND: Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) is a common complication in patients receiving chronic dialysis therapy. Although cinacalcet can control parathyroid function and bone turnover, preventing ectopic calcification remains challenging. Cinacalcet can also suppress PTH secretion due to parathyroid carcinoma in the same way as it does for parathyroid hyperplasia in the uremic condition. We present a case of parathyroid carcinoma partially controlled by cinacalcet, in which tumorous calcinosis was successfully resolved by total parathyroidectomy...
October 18, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027688/preoperative-ultrasonographic-assessment-of-the-anterior-pelvic-plane-for-personalized-total-hip-replacement
#6
Andrzej Kochman, Adrian Goral, Josef Kozak, Wojciech Marek, Monika Morawska-Kochman, Marek Synder
OBJECTIVES: Correct positioning of the acetabular component is a key factor in minimizing the risk of dislocation after total hip replacement (THR) surgery. A "safe" orientation of the cup is usually defined by 2 angles measured between its geometric axis and the anterior pelvic plane. However, in the current state-of-the-art approach to THR surgery, the intraoperative orientation of the anterior pelvic plane cannot be measured. Even less is known about the functional orientation of the pelvis, which determines the postoperative orientation of the cup during the patient's everyday activities...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025854/how-to-use%C3%A2-hip-examination-and-ultrasound-in-newborns
#7
Yoshua Colyn Collins-Sawaragi, Kapila Jain
Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) ranges from a clinically detectable dislocation of the hip to radiologically diagnosed hip abnormalities. It is caused by both antenatal and postnatal factors. The Neonatal and Infant Physical Examination Screening Programme recommends that newborns should undergo a hip ultrasound (USS) when risk factor or clinical features suggestive of DDH are present. The aim of hip ultrasonography is to detect DDH early and prevent late complications through early treatment. Here, we discuss how to use hip examination and USS in newborns...
October 12, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991837/serum-osteocalcin-levels-in-children-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#8
Saleh Amin, Doaa El Amrousy, Shaymaa Elrifaey, Rasha Gamal, Hossam Hodeib
OBJECTIVES: to investigate the relationship between osteocalcin and non alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in obese children. METHOD: 60 obese children with NAFLD were taken as patient group and 60 non - NAFLD children with matches age, sex and BMI were taken as control group. Anthropometric measurements, abdominal ultrasonography for diagnosis and grading of NAFLD, and laboratory investigations in the form of liver function tests, lipid profile, fasting serum glucose and insulin, and serum osteocalcin levels were done for all children...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969236/comparative-study-of-ultrasonographic-and-anthropometric-measurements-of-regional-adiposity-in-metabolic-syndrome
#9
Rudresh Hiremath, Jebin Ibrahim, Krishna Prasanthi, Harish T Reddy, Rushit Sandeep Shah, Ch Haritha
INTRODUCTION: Metabolic syndrome is complex disorder unifying dyslipidemia, insulin resistance and hyper insulinemia. Rising global epidemic of obesity has tremendous impact on metabolic syndrome. Ultrasound is becoming widely utilized modality for measuring the visceral adiposity. AIM: To determine the usefulness of ultrasonographic measurements in the estimation of regional adiposity and to compare them with anthropometric measurements and to correlate ultrasonographic measurements of regional adiposity and metabolic syndrome...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965942/comparison-of-ultrasonography-and-radiography-of-the-wrist-for-diagnosis-of-calcium-pyrophosphate-deposition
#10
Marine Forien, Alice Combier, Anaïs Gardette, Elisabeth Palazzo, Philippe Dieudé, Sébastien Ottaviani
OBJECTIVE: Ultrasound (US) seems a useful tool for diagnosis of calcium pyrophosphate (CPP) deposition (CPPD). We aimed to compare the performance of US and conventional radiography of the wrist for diagnosis of CPPD. METHODS: Patients with CPP crystals identified in synovial fluid (SF) (knee, hip, shoulder, ankle or wrist) were consecutively included and compared to patients without CPP crystals in synovial fluid considered as controls. As recommended, we used the term chondrocalcinosis (CC) to assess imaging features suggesting CPPD...
September 28, 2017: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913369/changes-in-the-width-of-the-tibiofibular-syndesmosis-related-to-lower-extremity-joint-dynamics-and-neuromuscular-coordination-on-drop-landing-during-the-menstrual-cycle
#11
Michie Okazaki, Masaaki Kaneko, Yukisato Ishida, Norio Murase, Toshihito Katsumura
BACKGROUND: Many injuries of the lower extremities, especially the knee and ankle, occur during sports activity, and the incidence rate is higher in women than in men. HYPOTHESIS: The hypothesis was that phases of the menstrual cycle affect the width of the tibiofibular syndesmosis during drop landing in healthy young women and that such changes at the tibiofibular joint also affect the dynamics and neuromuscular coordination of the lower extremities. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive laboratory study...
September 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888607/effect-of-increasing-amounts-of-milk-replacer-powder-added-to-whole-milk-on-postweaning-performance-reproduction-glucose-metabolism-and-mammary-fat-pad-in-dairy-heifers
#12
C F A Lage, R A Azevedo, F S Machado, M M Campos, L G R Pereira, T R Tomich, B C Carvalho, B R C Alves, G B Santos, F Z Brandão, S G Coelho
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of increasing the total solids (TS) content of liquid feed, by adding increasing amounts of milk replacer powder to whole milk, on age at puberty and postweaning performance, glucose metabolism, and mammary fat pad of dairy heifers. Crossbreed Holstein × Gyr heifers (n = 58) were distributed into 4 different treatments during the preweaning period. Treatments consisted of liquid feeds with TS content of 12.5 (actual TS = 13.5 ± 0.53%; n = 15), 15.0 (actual TS = 16...
November 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819599/synovial-chondromatosis-a-rare-differential-diagnosis-of-hip-pain-in-a-child
#13
Manesh Chacko Philip, Sajeer Usman
INTRODUCTION: Primary synovial chondromatosis (SC) is a disease of the synovium occurring in the third to fifth decade of life with the peak incidence in the fifth decade and commonly involves the knee in 50% cases. The diagnosis of SC is primarily radiological and intraoperative. Primary SC of the hip is rare, and their prevalence is not known. CASE REPORT: A 7-year-old female child presented with pain and limp left hip for 6 weeks. She had a stiff hip gait. Clinical examination revealed a fixed abduction, flexion deformity, and restricted internal rotation with apparent lengthening of 2 cm...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758090/intramuscular-hematoma-following-radial-extracorporeal-shockwave-therapy-for-chronic-neurogenic-heterotopic-ossification-a-case-report
#14
Howard Kim, Ji Hwan Cheon, Dong Youl Lee, Ji Hong Cheon, Youn Kyung Cho, Sung Hoon Lee, Eun Young Kang
Extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) has been reported to be a safe and effective method for decreasing pain and relieving range of motion (ROM) limitations caused by neurogenic heterotopic ossification (NHO), though there has been no report that it might cause hematoma if applied to NHO. We hereby report a case of massive hematoma after ESWT, specifically the radial shockwave therapy (RSWT) device at both hips in a 49-year-old female patient with NHO. She had developed NHO after extensive subarachnoid hemorrhage...
June 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736369/-an-ultrasonographic-study-of-the-correlation-between-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip-and-congenital-muscular-torticollis-in-children
#15
Na Wang, Yu-le Zhang, Bu-Yun Guan, Li-Ling Zhu, Xue-Hua He, Qian Fang, Zhi-Cheng Liang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the significance of early screening of pediatric developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) and congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) using ultrasonography and establish a simultaneous screening model for pediatric DDH and CMT. METHODS: From January, 2013 to January, 2016, a total of 5060 pediatric patients with suspected DDH and CMT underwent ultrasonic examinations. The diagnostic results of the two diseases were classified into different clinical types, and Chi-square test was used to analyze the one-way relationship between different types of DDH and CMT; correspondence analysis was used for multivariate analysis of the variables...
July 20, 2017: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692451/the-value-of-musculoskeletal-ultrasound-in-geriatric-care-and-rehabilitation
#16
Büşra Can, Murat Kara, Özgür Kara, Zekeriya Ülger, Walter R Frontera, Levent Özçakar
The WHO reports that one of the major chronic conditions affecting the elderly worldwide is musculoskeletal disorders that are associated with long-term pain and disability. Considering the healthcare needs of the elderly (i.e. comprehensive, accessible, efficient) and the advantages of ultrasound (US) use (patient-friendly, convenient, cost-effective, and does not require exposure to radiation or magnetic fields), there seems to be a 'gap' in the actual clinical practice. In this paper, we aimed to highlight the potential value of US imaging in the management of the elderly with a wide spectrum of musculoskeletal conditions (degenerative/rheumatic joint diseases, falls/trauma, nursing care, peripheral nerve problems, sarcopenia, and interventions)...
July 7, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664622/subclinical-atherosclerosis-in-low-framingham-risk-hiv-patients
#17
Rafael León, Sergio Reus, Nicolás López, Irene Portilla, José Sánchez-Payá, Livia Giner, Vicente Boix, Esperanza Merino, Diego Torrús, Óscar Moreno, Joaquín Portilla
BACKGROUND: Pathogenesis of atherosclerosis is complex and differences between HIV-infected patients and general population cannot be completely explained by the higher prevalence of traditional cardiovascular risk factors. We aimed to analyse the association between inflammation and subclinical atherosclerosis in HIV patients with low Framingham risk score. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Case-control study. SETTING: outpatient Infectious Diseases clinic in a university hospital...
June 29, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664329/in-type-2-diabetes-subjects-trabecular-bone-score-is-better-associated-with-carotid-intima-media-thickness-than-bmd
#18
Carla Caffarelli, Amalia Giambelluca, Viola Ghini, Valentina Francolini, Maria Dea Tomai Pitinca, Ranuccio Nuti, Stefano Gonnelli
Literature data reported that in elderly subjects, carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) was negatively associated with bone mineral density (BMD). Paradoxically, type-2 diabetes (T2DM) patients, despite having higher BMD, present an increased risk of fragility fractures and cardiovascular complications. Some studies have reported trabecular bone score (TBS), an index of trabecular bone quality, as possibly being reduced in T2DM. This study aimed to evaluate whether in T2DM subjects TBS was better associated with IMT with respect to BMD...
June 29, 2017: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659058/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip-a-current-practice-of-paediatric-orthopaedic-surgeons
#19
Rakan S Al-Essa, Fares H Aljahdali, Rakan M Alkhilaiwi, Winnie Philip, Ayman H Jawadi, Khalid I Khoshhal
BACKGROUND: Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is one of the prevalent musculoskeletal conditions in young adults and is a leading cause of hip osteoarthrosis in this age group. The optimum age for surgical intervention when needed is not well established in the literature and the lack of management guidelines and standard practice of DDH leads to different practices worldwide. This study aims to investigate the current practice of paediatric orthopaedic surgeons in diagnosing and treating DDH worldwide and identify points of agreement and disagreement...
May 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606466/hip-rate-of-force-development-and-strength-are-impaired-in-females-with-patellofemoral-pain-without-signs-of-altered-gluteus-medius-and-maximus-morphology
#20
Guilherme S Nunes, Christian John Barton, Fábio Viadanna Serrão
OBJECTIVES: To compare rate of force development (RFD) and isometric muscle strength of the hip abductors and extensors; and the thickness and the amount of non-contractile tissue of the gluteus medius and maximus between females with and without patellofemoral pain (PFP). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Fifty-four physically active females (27 with PFP and 27 healthy individuals) were studied. Hip muscle isometric strength and RFD was evaluated using isokinetic dynamometry...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
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