keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hip ultrasonography

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606466/hip-rate-of-force-development-and-strength-are-impaired-in-females-with-patellofemoral-pain-without-signs-of-altered-gluteus-medius-and-maximus-morphology
#1
Guilherme S Nunes, Christian John Barton, Fábio Viadanna Serrão
OBJECTIVES: To compare rate of force development (RFD) and isometric muscle strength of the hip abductors and extensors; and the thickness and the amount of non-contractile tissue of the gluteus medius and maximus between females with and without patellofemoral pain (PFP). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Fifty-four physically active females (27 with PFP and 27 healthy individuals) were studied. Hip muscle isometric strength and RFD was evaluated using isokinetic dynamometry...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583152/utilization-of-ultrasonography-to-detect-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip-when-reality-turns-selective-screening-into-universal-use
#2
Rachel Wilf-Miron, Jacob Kuint, Ronit Peled, Asaf Cohen, Avi Porath
BACKGROUND: Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) occurs in 3-5 of 1000 live births and is associated with known risk factors. In most countries, formal practice for early detection of DDH entails the combination of risk factor identification and physical examination of the hip, while the golden standard diagnostic instrument is hip ultrasonography (US). This practice is commonly referred to as selective screening. Infants with positive US findings are treated with a Pavlik harness, a dynamic abduction splint...
June 5, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532441/usefulness-of-clinical-predictors-for-preoperative-screening-of-deep-vein-thrombosis-in-hip-fractures
#3
Kitchai Luksameearunothai, Paphon Sa-Ngasoongsong, Noratep Kulachote, Sorawut Thamyongkit, Praman Fuangfa, Pongsthorn Chanplakorn, Patarawan Woratanarat, Chanyut Suphachatwong
BACKGROUND: Recent studies showed that preoperative deep vein thrombosis (DVT) was common after hip fracture (HF), and preoperative DVT screening has been recommended for preventing the fatal DVT-related complications, especially in elderly HF patients with high surgical risk. However, to our knowledge, no previous studies have demonstrated the correlation between the clinical risk predictors and preoperative DVT. Therefore, this study aimed to correlate those clinical predictors related to DVT risk assessment with the incidence of preoperative DVT...
May 22, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507643/imaging-of-complications-after-limb-prostheses-implantation-in-children-with-bone-tumors
#4
Beata Iwanowska, Hanna Brągoszewska, Jarosław Mądzik, Sylwia Szkudlińska-Pawlak, Izabela Kopyś-Wiszniewska, Małgorzata Jastrzębska, Barbara Kowalska, Maria Uliasz, Monika Bekiesińska-Figatowska
BACKGROUND: Tumors of the developmental age are an important problem in clinical practice. Primary bone tumors constitute 1-1.5% of all tumors, and 7% of all tumors diagnosed in the developmental age. The aim of the study was to assess the capabilities of imaging methods in diagnosing complications of limb endoprostheses in children with osteoarticular tumors. MATERIAL/METHODS: We included 155 patients with limb endoprostheses, aged 7-26 years. There were 113 patients with knee prostheses, 1 patient with bilateral knee prostheses, 16 patients with shoulder prostheses, 14 patients with hip prostheses, 11 patients with hip and knee prostheses, and 1 patient with a femoral prosthesis...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507642/diagnostic-imaging-of-pregnant-women-the-role-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#5
Monika Bekiesińska-Figatowska, Anna Romaniuk-Doroszewska, Sylwia Szkudlińska-Pawlak, Agnieszka Duczkowska, Jarosław Mądzik, Martyna Szopa-Krupińska, Tomasz M Maciejewski
BACKGROUND: Presentation of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in pregnant women in the Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Institute of Mother and Child, Warsaw, Poland. MATERIAL/METHODS: Forty-three symptomatic pregnant women underwent MRI between 9 and 33 weeks of gestation (mean of 23 weeks). Moreover, we included 2 pregnant women who underwent fetal MRI and had incidental abnormalities. RESULTS: In 9 cases, we excluded the suspected brain abnormalities...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491040/association-between-carotid-intima-media-thickness-and-heart-rate-variability-in-adults-at-increased-cardiovascular-risk
#6
Valter L Pereira, Mirela Dobre, Sandra G Dos Santos, Juliana S Fuzatti, Carlos R Oliveira, Luciana A Campos, Andrei Brateanu, Ovidiu C Baltatu
Background: Atherosclerotic carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) may be associated with alterations in the sensitivity of carotid baroreceptors. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between carotid IMT and the autonomic modulation of heart rate variability (HRV). Methods: A total of 101 subjects were enrolled in this prospective observational study. The carotid IMT was determined by duplex ultrasonography. The cardiac autonomic function was determined through HRV measures during the Deep Breathing Test...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471968/spinal-anesthesia-increases-the-risk-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-total-arthroplasty-secondary-analysis-of-a-j-psvt-cohort-study-on-anesthesia
#7
MULTICENTER STUDY
Mashio Nakamura, Masataka Kamei, Seiji Bito, Kiyoshi Migita, Shigeki Miyata, Kenji Kumagai, Isao Abe, Yasuaki Nakagawa, Yuichiro Nakayama, Masanobu Saito, Takaaki Tanaka, Satoru Motokawa
Clinical guidance on the choice of anesthetic modality vis-à-vis the risk of perioperative venous thromboembolism (VTE) is largely lacking because of a paucity of recent evidence. A comparative effect of general anesthesia and neuraxial blockade on the perioperative incidence of VTE has not been well-investigated.We compared the effects of different types of anesthetic modalities on the risk of VTE after total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA).This is a secondary analysis of the Japanese Study of Prevention and Actual Situation of Venous Thromboembolism after Total Arthroplasty (J-PSVT)...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429109/associations-of-maximal-voluntary-isometric-hip-extension-torque-with-muscle-size-of-hamstring-and-gluteus-maximus-and-intra-abdominal-pressure
#8
Kota Tayashiki, Kosuke Hirata, Kiraku Ishida, Hiroaki Kanehisa, Naokazu Miyamoto
PURPOSE: Muscle size of the hamstring and gluteus maximus (GM) as well as intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) are considered as factors affecting the torque development during hip extension. This study examined the associations of torque development during maximal voluntary isometric hip extension with IAP and muscle size of the hamstring and GM. METHODS: Anatomical cross-sectional area (ACSA) of the hamstring and thickness of GM were determined in 20 healthy young males using an ultrasonography apparatus (Experiment 1)...
April 20, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400351/frequency-of-nodular-goiter-and-autoimmune-thyroid-disease-and-association-of-these-disorders-with-insulin-resistance-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#9
Melia Karaköse, Sema Hepsen, Erman Çakal, Müyesser Saykı Arslan, Esra Tutal, Şafak Akın, İlknur Ünsal, Mustafa Özbek
OBJECTIVE: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a frequent endocrine disease in women. Nodular goiter and autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) are endocrinologic abnormalities that have high prevalence. The purpose of our study was to detect the prevalence of AITD and nodular goiter in patients with PCOS and investigate whether PCOS-related hormones and metabolic factors affect these thyroid disorders. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ninety-seven women with PCOS and 71 healthy female volunteers were recruited into the study...
June 1, 2017: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395685/the-benefit-of-pharmacological-venous-thromboprophylaxis-in-foot-and-ankle-surgery
#10
N P Saragas, P N F Ferrao, B F Jacobson, E Saragas, A Strydom
BACKGROUND: Ten percent of patients with a deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) will develop a fatal pulmonary embolism (PE), often initially asymptomatic. The risks and benefits of pharmacological thromboprophylaxis are well documented in respect of total joint arthroplasty and hip fractures, but little is understood about the incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) or the potential risks and benefits of chemoprophylaxis in foot and ankle surgery. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether prophylactic chemoprophylaxis had any impact on the prevention of VTE in a cohort of foot and ankle surgical patients requiring the combination of below-knee cast immobilisation and non-weightbearing for ≥4 weeks...
March 29, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389554/eular-recommendations-for-the-use-of-imaging-in-the-clinical-management-of-peripheral-joint-osteoarthritis
#11
Garifallia Sakellariou, Philip G Conaghan, Weiya Zhang, Johannes W J Bijlsma, Pernille Boyesen, Maria Antonietta D'Agostino, Michael Doherty, Daniela Fodor, Margreet Kloppenburg, Falk Miese, Esperanza Naredo, Mark Porcheret, Annamaria Iagnocco
The increased information provided by modern imaging has led to its more extensive use. Our aim was to develop evidence-based recommendations for the use of imaging in the clinical management of the most common arthropathy, osteoarthritis (OA). A task force (including rheumatologists, radiologists, methodologists, primary care doctors and patients) from nine countries defined 10 questions on the role of imaging in OA to support a systematic literature review (SLR). Joints of interest were the knee, hip, hand and foot; imaging modalities included conventional radiography (CR), MRI, ultrasonography, CT and nuclear medicine...
April 7, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382187/ultrasonographic-diagnosis-of-slipped-capital-femoral-epiphysis
#12
Manikandan Palaniappan, Venkatraman Indiran, Prabakaran Maduraimuthu
BACKGROUND: Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE), a fracture through the physis with resultant slip of the epiphysis, is the most common hip abnormality in adolescents and is a major cause of early osteoarthritis. Plain radiograph is the initial modality used to evaluate patients with painful hip joints. Ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which do not involve radiation exposure, have also been used. This case report supports the view that ultrasound can be used as an initial, cost-effective and radiation-free modality for the evaluation of suspected SCFE...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379854/clinical-usefulness-of-controlled-attenuation-parameter-to-screen-hepatic-steatosis-for-potential-donor-of-living-donor-liver-transplant
#13
Young Mi Hong, Ki Tae Yoon, Mong Cho, Chong Woo Chu, Je Ho Rhu, Kwang Ho Yang, Jun Woo Lee
OBJECTIVE: Hepatic steatosis is associated with an increased risk of graft loss. Although the controlled attenuation parameter (CAP), a process based on transient elastography, has been suggested as a noninvasive method of assessing hepatic steatosis, to date, there is no study on the usefulness of CAP as a single screening tool for detecting hepatic steatosis in potential living donor liver. We evaluated the accuracy of CAP for detecting hepatic steatosis in potential liver donors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All potential donors of living-donor liver transplantation who underwent a CAP assessment and ultrasonography-guided liver biopsy were enrolled...
July 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372341/ultrasonography-of-the-pediatric-hip-and-spine
#14
REVIEW
Yeo Ryang Kang, Joonbum Koo
Ultrasonography (US) is a useful screening method for the diagnosis of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) and congenital spinal anomalies in infants. In addition, US is a useful, noninvasive imaging modality for the diagnosis of transient synovitis in children. The early detection of DDH leads to a better prognosis without surgical intervention. Moreover, spinal US allows the detection of congenital malformations and can also demonstrate normal anatomy and normal variants that may resemble disorders. Therefore, radiologists should be familiar with the sonographic anatomy of the normal infant hip, scanning and measurement techniques for DDH, the US features of transient synovitis in children, spinal US techniques, and the US features of normal anatomical structures, normal variants, and congenital spinal anomalies...
July 2017: Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356650/the-effects-of-pelvic-diagonal-movements-and-resistance-on-the-lumbar-multifidus
#15
Ji-Yeon Lee, Dong-Yeop Lee, Ji-Heon Hong, Jae-Ho Yu, Jin Seop Kim
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of pelvic diagonal movements, made with and without resistance, on the thickness of lumbar multifidus muscles. [Subjects and Methods] Participants in this study were healthy subjects who had no musculoskeletal disorders or lumbar-related pain. Participants were positioned on their side and instructed to lie with their hip flexor at 40 degrees. Ultrasonography was used for measurement, and the values of two calculations were averaged. [Results] The thickness of ipsilateral lumbar multifidus muscles showed a significant difference following the exercise of pelvic diagonal movements...
March 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356625/instantaneous-changes-in-respiratory-function-induced-by-passive-pelvic-suspension-in-the-supine-position-in-relation-to-increased-diaphragm-excursion
#16
Tatsuya Ishizuka, Naoya Nishida, Yuuki Homma, Tetsuro Hirayama, Yukisato Ishida, Fujiyasu Kakizaki, Masato Konishi
[Purpose] This study aimed to introduce an approach of pelvic suspension (PS) using sling cords and to obtain evidence for changes in respiratory function of healthy subjects. [Subjects and Methods] Subjects were 25 healthy men. In the supine position, with hip and knee joints flexed at 90°, the subjects' pelvises were suspended with sling belts. Diaphragm excursion, respiratory function, and respiratory comfort in these postures were measured using ultrasonography, respirometry, and visual analog scale (VAS), respectively...
March 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343749/manual-calf-massage-and-passive-ankle-motion-reduce-the-incidence-of-deep-vein-thromboembolism-after-total-hip-arthroplasty
#17
Norio Imai, Tomoyuki Ito, Ken Suda, Dai Miyasaka, Naoto Endo
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism is one of the general complications following total hip arthroplasty, wherein various preventive treatments have been recommended. Several studies reported that venous thromboembolism incidence after total hip arthroplasty was similar in patients who were administered prophylaxis with a conventional mechanical procedure alone, and those who were administered pharmacological anticoagulation therapy. Therefore, the optimum methods of prophylaxis are still controversial...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273627/ventrogluteal-versus-dorsogluteal-site-selection-a-cross-sectional-study-of-muscle-and-subcutaneous-fat-thicknesses-and-an-algorithm-incorporating-demographic-and-anthropometric-data-to-predict-injection-outcome
#18
Theresa A Larkin, Elfriede Ashcroft, Asmahan Elgellaie, Blake A Hickey
BACKGROUND: The dorsogluteal and ventrogluteal intramuscular injection sites both have their use in clinical practice; however, it has not been established in whom one or the other should be preferentially targeted or avoided. There is a need for an evidence-based approach towards site selection for a successful intramuscular injection outcome and to avoid unwanted injection outcomes of inadvertent subcutaneous injection or bone contact. Injection outcome is dependent on injection site subcutaneous fat thickness and muscle thickness; these are likely influenced by gender and anthropometry...
June 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271087/comparison-of-pediatric-and-general-orthopedic-surgeons-approaches-in-management-of-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip-and-flexible-flatfoot-the-road-to-clinical-consensus
#19
Ramin Haj Zargarbashi, Hirbod Nasiri Bonaki, Shayan Abdollah Zadegan, Taghi Baghdadi, Mohammad Hossein Nabian, Mehdi Ramezan Shirazi
Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) and flatfoot are common pediatric orthopedic disorders, being referred to and managed by both general and pediatric orthopedic surgeons, through various modalities. Our study aimed to evaluate their consensus and perspective disagreements in terms of diagnostic and therapeutic approaches of the mentioned deformities. Forty participants in two groups of general orthopedic surgeons (GOS) (n=20) and pediatric orthopedic surgeons (POS) (n=20), were asked to answer an 8-item questionnaire on DDH and flexible flatfoot...
January 2017: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255510/risk-factors-for-urinary-retention-following-surgical-repair-of-hip-fracture-in-female-patients
#20
Ron Cialic, Victor Shvedov, Yaffa Lerman
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Postoperative urinary retention (POUR) is a common event following surgical procedures. An increase in the number of elderly individuals who undergo hip fracture repair procedures is inevitable due to the aging of population. Postoperative urinary retention is associated with both early (infections, delirium) and late complications (urinary incontinence) of surgery. The objective of the current study is to direct attention to the less studied population of patients admitted to a geriatric rehabilitation ward following hip fracture repair who are at risk of POUR...
March 2017: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
keyword
keyword
88709
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"