Read by QxMD icon Read

Hip ultrasonography

Klaus Fritz, Carmen Salavastru, Magdalina Gyurova
INTRODUCTION: This study investigates noninvasive cellulite treatments based on simultaneous application of monopolar radiofrequency (RF) and targeted pressure energy to evaluate efficacy and safety and to see whether simultaneous application has any benefits in noninvasive cellulite treatments. METHODS: Thirty women with cellulite (fibrous/adipose/aqueous types) received 4 gluteofemoral treatments (~24 minutes; ~1000 cm2 ) using a simultaneous application of RF and targeted pressure energy...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Yasuhiro Shirai, Kenjiro Wakabayashi, Ikuo Wada, Hideyuki Goto, Yoshino Ueki, Atsushi Tsuchiya, Yoshiaki Tsuboi, Myongsu Ha, Takanobu Otsuka
PURPOSE: The objective screening of infant hips using ultrasonography (Graf method) is gaining favor in the diagnosis of developmental dysplasia of the hip in Japan. However, the accuracy of the Graf method is dependent on the examiner's experience and technique. The purpose of this study was to investigate the reproducibility of acquiring ultrasonic hip images and their evaluation after examiners attended an infant hip ultrasound training course. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ultrasonic images of 70 hips of 35 newborns who were screened by ultrasonography using the Graf method, were evaluated...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics
Eldra W Daniels, David Cole, Bret Jacobs, Shawn F Phillips
Office-based ultrasonography has become increasingly available in many settings, and its use to guide joint and soft tissue injections has increased. Numerous studies have been conducted to evaluate the use of ultrasound-guided injections over traditional landmark-guided injections, with a rapid growth in the literature over the past few years. A comprehensive review of the literature was conducted to demonstrate increased accuracy of ultrasound-guided injections regardless of anatomic location. In the upper extremity, ultrasound-guided injections have been shown to provide superior benefit to landmark-guided injections at the glenohumeral joint, the subacromial space, the biceps tendon sheath, and the joints of the hand and wrist...
February 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Fatma Dilek Gokharman, Sonay Aydin, Erdem Fatihoglu, Elif Ergun, Pinar Nercis Kosar
INTRODUCTION: Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is still a common and important disorder of childhood, with a prevalence of 0.1 to 2/1000 children. Using ultrasonography (US) in screening of DDH reduces the rates of open reductions and complications. In the current study, we aim to detect the optimal time for US examination for detecting DDH to prevent unnecessary repeating US examinations and treatments. METHODS: Children referred to US examination for a healthy child screening program, according to the health policy of our country, are included in the current prospective study...
March 5, 2018: Ultrasound Quarterly
Anaïs Huwart, Florent Garrigues, Sandrine Jousse-Joulin, Thierry Marhadour, Dewi Guellec, Divi Cornec, Maelenn Gouillou, Alain Saraux, Valérie Devauchelle-Pensec
BACKGROUND: This study assessed inflammatory changes using ultrasound (US) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients taking tocilizumab for polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR). METHODS: Eighteen patients were included in the prospective open-label TENOR study and received three tocilizumab infusions, without corticosteroids. B-mode and power Doppler US and MRI (T1 and T2-short time inversion recuperation weighted sequences) of the hips and shoulders were performed at weeks 0, 2, and 12...
January 25, 2018: Arthritis Research & Therapy
Vrushali C Ponde, Vinit V Bedekar, Dilip Chavan, Anuya Gursale, Dipal Shah
BACKGROUND: Children that have had a meningomyelocele repair often present for hip and bilateral lower limb surgeries. Due to vertebral, epidural, and nerve root abnormalities, placement of epidural catheter is difficult. AIMS: We aim to describe the potential role of ultrasound in delineating the most appropriate intervertebral space for central neuroaxial blocks in these patients. METHODS: Twelve children with previous meningomyelocele repair, in the age group of 6-12 years posted for hip or bilateral lower limb surgeries were included...
March 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Aashima Dabas, Thushanth Thomas, Monita Gahlot, Nandita Gupta, K Devasenathipathy, Rajesh Khadgawat
Objective: To evaluate for subclinical atherosclerosis and its risk factors in Indian obese children. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional, case-control study was conducted to recruit 80 children aged 6-17 years with constitutional obesity as cases and 23 age- and gender-matched controls with normal body mass index (BMI). Anthropometric and clinical evaluation was followed by biochemical analysis and body fat estimation by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry in cases...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Arne Borgwardt, Lotte Borgwardt, Bo Zerahn, Henrik Daugaard, Lise Borgwardt, Søren Ribel-Madsen
BACKGROUND: The large-diameter metal-on-metal hip prostheses were expected to have low wear and reduced dislocation rate compared to the traditional metal-on-polyethylene implants. We compare 2 such prostheses, the ReCap resurfacing implant and the M2a-Magnum stemmed implant, with the C2a ceramic-on-ceramic stemmed implant as to clinical performance, serum concentrations of prosthesis metals, and the durability of the implants in a randomized, controlled clinical trial at 7 years of follow-up...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
Hasan Göçer, Ali Kemal Yazici, Ahmet Veysel Polat
Background: Hip-knee arthroplasty and knee arthroscopy (KA) is frequently applied in the orthopaedic surgery. The approach does not exist related with the preoperative asymptomatic deep venous thrombosis (DVT). In this study, the patients who would undergo surgery lower extremity were screened for asymptomatic DVT, using the venous Doppler ultrasonography (USG). Patients and Methods: DVT was screened by venous Doppler USG in the patients who would undergo hip-knee arthroplasty and KA between the dates of November 2013 and September 2015...
January 2017: Nigerian Medical Journal: Journal of the Nigeria Medical Association
Eleftherios Kellis
The purpose of this study was to quantify the relative changes in fascicle (FL) and muscle-tendon unit (LMTU) length of the long head of the biceps femoris (BFlh) at different combinations of hip and knee joint positions. Fourteen participants performed passive knee extension trials from 0°, 45° and 90° of hip flexion. FL, LMTU, pennation angle (PA) and effective FL (FL multiplied by the cosine of the PA) of the BFlh were quantified using ultrasonography (US). Three-way analysis of variance designs indicated that at each hip angle, FL and LMTU increased and PA decreased from 90° to 0° of knee flexion...
February 2018: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
Daniel Jandacka, Julia Freedman Silvernail, Jaroslav Uchytil, David Zahradnik, Roman Farana, Joseph Hamill
Background: Over the past thirty years, there has been dramatic increase in incidence of Achilles tendon rupture in the athletic population. The purpose of this study was to compare the lower extremity mechanics of Achilles tendon ruptured runners with healthy controls. Methods: The participants with a past history of an Achilles tendon repair ( n  = 11) and healthy control ( n  = 11) subgroups were matched on sex, age, type of regular physical activity, mass, height, footfall pattern and lateral dominancy...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
Vanlapa Arnuntasupakul, Theerawat Chalachewa, Prangmalee Leurcharusmee, Worakamol Tiyaprasertkul, Roderick J Finlayson, De Q Tran
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound-guided lumbar plexus blocks usually require confirmatory neurostimulation. A simpler alternative is to inject local anaesthetic inside the posteromedial quadrant of the psoas muscle under ultrasound guidance. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesised that both techniques would result in similar total anaesthesia time, defined as the sum of performance and onset time. DESIGN: A randomised, observer-blinded, equivalence trial (equivalence margin = 7...
November 11, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
Jun Sakata, Emi Nakamura, Tatsuhiro Suzuki, Makoto Suzukawa, Atsushi Akaike, Kuniaki Shimizu, Norikazu Hirose
BACKGROUND: Youth baseball players are at high risk for elbow injuries, which can lead to future functional disability. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a prevention program to lower the risk of medial elbow injury in these athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2. METHODS: Youth baseball players, 8 to 11 years old, without a history of elbow and shoulder pain, were allocated to either the intervention (n = 136) or control (n = 169) group...
February 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Jerzy Białecki, Paweł Bartosz, Wojciech Marczyński, Jan Zając
INTRODUCTION: To date, suction drainage has been routinely used after hip joint replacement. Currently, the validity of this practice is questioned in the literature. Hematoma is a risk factor of periprosthetic infection. Post-operative ultrasonography enables precise assessment of hip joint hematoma. AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate the usefulness of hip joint ultrasonography with respect to the validity of using suction drainage after primary hip arthroplasty...
September 2017: Journal of Ultrasonography
Christian Dejaco, Andreas Stadlmayr, Christina Duftner, Viktoria Trimmel, Rusmir Husic, Elisabeth Krones, Shahin Zandieh, Emma Husar-Memmer, Gernot Zollner, Josef Hermann, Judith Gretler, Angelika Lackner, Anja Ficjan, Christian Datz, Roland Axman, Jochen Zwerina
BACKGROUND: Chronic arthropathy occurs in approximately two thirds of patients with hereditary haemochromatosis (HH). The aim was to study inflammatory and structural lesions in patients with HH with (HH-A) and without arthropathy (HH-WA) using ultrasonography. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of 26 patients with HH-A, 24 with HH-WA and 37 with hand osteoarthritis (HOA). Clinical examination was performed in 68 joints, and we retrieved data on hand function, pain and global disease activity (all using a visual analogue scale (VAS)), morning stiffness and ferritin levels...
October 24, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
Daisuke Takada, Tatsuo Tsukamoto, Miho Fuse, Shinpei Kada, Motoko Yanagita
BACKGROUND: Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) is a common complication in patients receiving chronic dialysis therapy. Although cinacalcet can control parathyroid function and bone turnover, preventing ectopic calcification remains challenging. Cinacalcet can also suppress PTH secretion due to parathyroid carcinoma in the same way as it does for parathyroid hyperplasia in the uremic condition. We present a case of parathyroid carcinoma partially controlled by cinacalcet, in which tumorous calcinosis was successfully resolved by total parathyroidectomy...
October 18, 2017: BMC Nephrology
Andrzej Kochman, Adrian Goral, Josef Kozak, Wojciech Marek, Monika Morawska-Kochman, Marek Synder
OBJECTIVES: Correct positioning of the acetabular component is a key factor in minimizing the risk of dislocation after total hip replacement (THR) surgery. A "safe" orientation of the cup is usually defined by 2 angles measured between its geometric axis and the anterior pelvic plane. However, in the current state-of-the-art approach to THR surgery, the intraoperative orientation of the anterior pelvic plane cannot be measured. Even less is known about the functional orientation of the pelvis, which determines the postoperative orientation of the cup during the patient's everyday activities...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Yoshua Colyn Collins-Sawaragi, Kapila Jain
Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) ranges from a clinically detectable dislocation of the hip to radiologically diagnosed hip abnormalities. It is caused by both antenatal and postnatal factors. The Neonatal and Infant Physical Examination Screening Programme recommends that newborns should undergo a hip ultrasound (USS) when risk factor or clinical features suggestive of DDH are present. The aim of hip ultrasonography is to detect DDH early and prevent late complications through early treatment. Here, we discuss how to use hip examination and USS in newborns...
February 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
Saleh Amin, Doaa El Amrousy, Shaymaa Elrifaey, Rasha Gamal, Hossam Hodeib
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between osteocalcin and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in children with obesity. METHOD: 60 obese children with NAFLD were taken as a patient group and 60 obese children and normal liver with matching age, sex, and body mass index were taken as a control group. Anthropometric measurements, abdominal ultrasonography for diagnosis and grading of NAFLD, and laboratory investigations in the form of liver function tests, lipid profile, fasting serum glucose and insulin, and serum osteocalcin levels were done for all children...
January 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Rudresh Hiremath, Jebin Ibrahim, Krishna Prasanthi, Harish T Reddy, Rushit Sandeep Shah, Ch Haritha
INTRODUCTION: Metabolic syndrome is complex disorder unifying dyslipidemia, insulin resistance and hyper insulinemia. Rising global epidemic of obesity has tremendous impact on metabolic syndrome. Ultrasound is becoming widely utilized modality for measuring the visceral adiposity. AIM: To determine the usefulness of ultrasonographic measurements in the estimation of regional adiposity and to compare them with anthropometric measurements and to correlate ultrasonographic measurements of regional adiposity and metabolic syndrome...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"