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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924428/a-new-fracture-risk-assessment-tool-frem-based-on-public-health-registries
#1
Katrine Hass Rubin, Sören Möller, Teresa Holmberg, Mette Bliddal, Jens Søndergaard, Bo Abrahamsen
BACKGROUND: Some conditions are already known to be associated with increased risk of osteoporotic fractures. Other conditions may also be significant indicators of increased risk. The aim of the study was to identify conditions for inclusion in a fracture prediction model (FREM - Fracture Risk Evaluation Model) for automated case finding of high-risk individuals of hip or major osteoporotic fractures (MOF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included the total population in Denmark aged 45+ years (N= 2,495,339)...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922852/total-hip-arthroplasty-following-illicit-drug-abuse
#2
Tim Ramczykowski, Christiane Kruppa, Thomas Armin Schildhauer, Marcel Dudda
BACKGROUND: The role of illicit drug abuse in total joint arthroplasty is largely unknown and is likely underestimated. Patients with drug addictions often suffer from septic osteoarthritis or a necrosis of the femoral head. Purpose of the study was to evaluate the operative management and clinical outcome of total hip replacement in patients with a history of intravenous drug abuse. METHODS: This retrospective study included 15 patients with a history of intravenous drug abuse who underwent total hip arthroplasty...
June 19, 2018: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922840/long-term-results-of-multilevel-surgery-in-adults-with-cerebral-palsy
#3
Cornelia Putz, Ann- Kathrin Blessing, Sarah Erhard, Katharina Fiethen, Andreas Geisbüsch, Mirjam Niklasch, Leonhard Döderlein, Sebastian Immanuel Wolf, Thomas Dreher
BACKGROUND: Deterioration of gait in adolescent and adult patients with cerebral palsy can be associated with multiple factors. Multilevel surgery (MLS) is one option in adults with cerebral palsy to improve gait function with encouraging short-term results. It is a question whether these improvements are maintained over time. METHODS: In a retrospective consecutive cohort study, adults with bilateral spastic cerebral palsy (BSCP) treated with MLS between 1995 and 2011 were scanned for potential inclusion...
June 20, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922453/a-systematic-review-of-surgical-methods-to-restore-articular-cartilage-in-the-hip
#4
W E Hotham, A Malviya
This systematic review examines the current literature regarding surgical techniques for restoring articular cartilage in the hip, from the older microfracture techniques involving perforation to the subchondral bone, to adaptations of this technique using nanofractures and scaffolds. This review discusses the autologous and allograft transfer systems and the autologous matrix-induced chondrogenesis (AMIC) technique, as well as a summary of the previously discussed techniques, which could become common practice for restoring articular cartilage, thus reducing the need for total hip arthroplasty...
May 2018: Bone & Joint Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922445/high-fat-high-sucrose-diet-induced-obesity-results-in-joint-specific-development-of-osteoarthritis-like-degeneration-in-a-rat-model
#5
K H Collins, D A Hart, R A Seerattan, R A Reimer, W Herzog
Objectives: Metabolic syndrome and low-grade systemic inflammation are associated with knee osteoarthritis (OA), but the relationships between these factors and OA in other synovial joints are unclear. The aim of this study was to determine if a high-fat/high-sucrose (HFS) diet results in OA-like joint damage in the shoulders, knees, and hips of rats after induction of obesity, and to identify potential joint-specific risks for OA-like changes. Methods: A total of 16 male Sprague-Dawley rats were allocated to either the diet-induced obesity group (DIO, 40% fat, 45% sucrose, n = 9) or a chow control diet (n = 7) for 12 weeks...
April 2018: Bone & Joint Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917007/changes-in-the-practice-of-pediatric-orthopaedic-surgeons-over-the-past-decade-analysis-of-the-database-of-the-american-board-of-orthopaedic-surgery
#6
Pooya Hosseinzadeh, Clarabelle A DeVries, Ena Nielsen, Lindsay A Andras, Megan Mignemi, Jeffrey R Sawyer, John M Flynn, Stephen A Albanese
BACKGROUND: There has been an increase in the number of the graduates of pediatric orthopaedic fellowship programs over the past decade creating the potential for increased competition in the field. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of increased number of pediatric orthopaedic fellowship graduates on case volume as well as the type of procedures performed by recent graduates of pediatric orthopaedic fellowship programs from 2004 to 2014. METHODS: Case logs submitted for the American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery Part II examination by applicants with the self-declared subspecialty of pediatric orthopaedics from 2004 to 2014 were analyzed...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916002/classification-systems-of-hip-osteonecrosis-an-updated-review
#7
REVIEW
Assem A Sultan, Nequesha Mohamed, Linsen T Samuel, Morad Chughtai, Nipun Sodhi, Viktor E Krebs, Kim L Stearns, Robert M Molloy, Michael A Mont
PURPOSE: Osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) typically impacts middle-aged patients who are typically more active and in whom many surgeons would try to delay performing a total hip arthroplasty (THA). This poses a clinical decision-making challenge. Therefore, several options for joint preservation have been advocated, but varying indications and success rates have led to debate on when to use the various procedures. This is due in part to the lack of a generalized system for assessing ONFH, as well as the absence of a standardized method of data collection for patient stratification...
June 18, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914820/an-evaluation-of-the-safety-and-effectiveness-of-total-hip-arthroplasty-as-an-outpatient-procedure-a-matched-cohort-analysis
#8
Megan Richards, Hussein Al-Youssef, Jung-Kyong Kim, Stéphane Poitras, John Penning, Paul E Beaulé
BACKGROUND: Outpatient hip arthroplasty is being performed more routinely; however, safety remains a concern. The purpose of this study was to compare the rate of adverse events of outpatient total hip arthroplasty (THA) and assess barriers to discharge. METHODS: We examined 136 patients who underwent unilateral THA by one surgeon and were discharged on the same day of surgery. Using propensity matching, 136 inpatients who received the same procedure, and were discharged on postoperative day one or later, were identified...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914043/transfusions-increase-complications-and-infections-after-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-an-analysis-of-2760-cases
#9
Antonio Klasan, Philipp Dworschak, Thomas J Heyse, Dominik Malcherczyk, Christian D Peterlein, Karl F Schüttler, Matthias Lahner, Bilal Farouk El-Zayat
BACKGROUND: Knee and hip replacement surgery are still the mainstay therapy for osteoarthritis. In spite of the improvement of techniques and implants, anemia is a relatively common complication, with transfusion rates of up to 23% in some centers. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to determine a correlation of transfusions to complications including infection since this topic is still being debated or even disputed in the literature. METHODS: This is a level III, single center retrospective observational cohort study of 2760 unilateral primary knee and hip replacements...
June 2, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913764/a-randomized-study-comparing-plasma-concentration-of-ropivacaine-after-local-infiltration-analgesia-and-femoral-block-in-primary-total-knee-arthroplasty
#10
Fatin Affas, Carl-Olav Stiller, Eva-Britt Nygårds, Niclas Stephanson, Per Wretenberg, Christina Olofsson
Pain after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is difficult to control. A recently developed and increasingly popular method for postoperative analgesia following knee and hip arthroplasty is Local Infiltration Analgesia (LIA) with ropivacaine, ketorolac and epinephrine. This method is considered to have certain advantages, which include administration at the site of traumatized tissue, minimal systemic side effects, faster postoperative mobilization, earlier postoperative discharge from hospital and less opioid consumption...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911694/abaloparatide-for-the-treatment-of-postmenopausal-osteoporosis
#11
L Pietrogrande, E Raimondo
Abaloparatide is a synthetic 34-amino acid peptide analogue of the 1-34 portion of the human parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP). It has been approved in the U.S. for the treatment of postmenopausal women with osteoporosis at a high risk for fracture. Abaloparatide is an anabolic agent and it seems to have a potent anabolic activity with reduced effects on bone resorption. It reduces the risk of vertebral and nonvertebral fractures, major osteoporotic fractures and clinical fractures, with a significant improvement in bone mineral density at femoral neck, total hip and lumbar spine...
May 2018: Drugs of Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911133/hip-surgery-in-quiescent-or-active-tubercular-hip-arthritis-is-reactivation-risk-really-a-matter
#12
REVIEW
Ali Parsa, Maryam Mirzaie, Mohammad H Ebrahimzadeh, Ali Birjandinejad, Abdolreza Malek, Alireza Mousavian
About 15 % of all musculoskeletal tuberculosis (TB) have hip involvement. Early anti-tubercular drug therapy and other conservative treatment including short-term traction and mobilization programs could prevent hip joint destruction. Reactivation of TB accounts for a significant of active TB incidence, especially in the developed countries with a low TB prevalence. The risk of TB activation for population with the latent form of disease is about 5-10%. According to the existing literature surgery in tubercular hip arthritis would be safe once sufficient debridement and precise anti tubercular chemotherapy has been done...
May 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910097/a-novel-compound-heterozygous-mutation-in-the-pomk-gene-causing-limb-girdle-muscular-dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy-in-a-sib-pair
#13
Sonja Strang-Karlsson, Katherine Johnson, Ana Töpf, Liwen Xu, Monkol Lek, Daniel G MacArthur, Olivera Casar-Borota, Maria Williams, Volker Straub, Carina Wallgren-Pettersson
We describe two Finnish siblings in whom an incidentally detected elevated creatine kinase activity eventually led to a diagnosis of limb-girdle muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy (Type C12; MDDGC12). When diagnosed at age 10 and 13 years, they were mildly affected with a slow or non-progressive disease course. The main symptoms comprised infrequent hip cramps triggered by flexion, neck cramps triggered by yawning, transient growing pains, calf hypertrophy and mild proximal muscle weakness. Their cognitive and motor developments were unremarkable and they were physically active...
May 16, 2018: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909775/clenched-fist-syndrome-a-case-report
#14
Trygve Nissen, Rolf Wynn
BACKGROUND: The clenched fist syndrome/psycho-flexed hand, first described in the early 1980s, has not yet entered the major psychiatric textbooks. Curiously, the phenomenon has been illuminated mainly in journals and textbooks on hand surgery. There is a need to examine, describe, and understand this syndrome from a psychiatric perspective. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case we encountered in an intensive care unit. A 60-year-old white man with schizophrenia, cerebrovascular disease, diabetes mellitus type 2, and peripheral neuropathy, developed rather acutely bilateral clenched fists in the aftermath of a traumatic dislocated hip fracture that was operated on...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908852/early-postoperative-hypoalbuminemia-is-a-risk-factor-for-postoperative-acute-kidney-injury-following-hip-fracture-surgery
#15
Kyun-Ho Shin, Seung-Beom Han
INTRODUCTION: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common and serious complication after hip fracture surgery in older adults. Hypoalbuminemia is a known independent risk factor for AKI. However, few studies have investigated the relationship between early postoperative hypoalbuminemia and AKI after hip fracture surgery. Therefore, we sought to determine the incidence of and risk factors for AKI and the effects of early postoperative hypoalbuminemia on AKI incidence after surgery for hip fractures, especially intertrochanteric fractures of the proximal femur...
May 2, 2018: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908066/validity-of-hip-worn-inertial-measurement-unit-compared-to-jump-mat-for-jump-height-measurement-in-adolescents
#16
T Rantalainen, K D Hesketh, C Rodda, R L Duckham
Jump tests assess lower body power production capacity, and can be used to evaluate athletic ability and development during growth. Wearable inertial measurement units (IMU) seem to offer a feasible alternative to laboratory-based equipment for jump height assessments. Concurrent validity of these devices for jump height assessments has only been established in adults. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the concurrent validity of IMU-based jump height estimate compared to contact mat-based jump height estimate in adolescents...
June 16, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905045/-clinical-research-of-debridement-with-prosthesis-retention-for-periprosthetic-joint-infection-after-arthroplasty
#17
Xinggui Song, Xin Li, Junlei Song, Chi Xu, Rui Li, Heng Li, Jiying Chen
Objective: To investigate the mid-term effectiveness of debridement with prosthesis retention for periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) after total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA), and analyze the influence factors that affected the effectiveness. Methods: A clinical data of 45 cases with PJI after THA (16 cases) and TKA (29 cases) that were treated with debridement with prosthesis retention between January 2011 and January 2015 were collected and analyzed...
June 1, 2018: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901480/acute-periacetabular-osteotomy-for-recurrent-posttraumatic-dislocation-of-the-hip-a-case-report
#18
Nicholas C Arpey, Andrew J Holte, Josef N Tofte, Michael C Willey
CASE: A 23-year-old woman with injury-induced acetabular dysplasia developed subacute recurrent dislocation of the right hip following closed reduction of a traumatic dislocation. The initial dislocation had been associated with small posterior wall and femoral head fractures. The recurrent dislocation was addressed with an acute periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) for hip stabilization and femoral head fragment excision. CONCLUSION: An acute PAO is an unusual yet viable treatment strategy for addressing recurrent dislocation following traumatic fracture-dislocation in patients with posterior wall deficiency and injury-induced hip dysplasia...
June 13, 2018: JBJS Case Connector
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897477/predictive-risk-model-for-the-diagnosis-of-diabetes-mellitus-type-2-in-a-follow-up-study-15-years-on-prodi2-study
#19
Luisa M Moreno, Jesús Vergara, Raquel Alarcón
Background: The prevalence and mortality related to diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM2) have increased consistently for decades. Identifying adults at high risk of diabetes incidence is important for the execution of intervention. Methods: The participants in the PRODI2 study (n=273), who come from the southeast of Spain and did not have diabetes at the start of the study, were followed for 15 years (1999-2014), and their risk parameters were measured, from which a predictive model was obtained which indicates the level of influence of each factor in the development of DM2...
June 11, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896555/do-illness-rating-systems-predict-discharge-location-length-of-stay-and-cost-after-total-hip-arthroplasty
#20
Sarah E Rudasill, Jonathan R Dattilo, Jiabin Liu, Charles L Nelson, Atul F Kamath
Background: As procedure rates and expenditures for total hip arthroplasty (THA) rise, hospitals are developing models to predict discharge location, a major determinant of total cost. The predictive value of existing illness rating systems such as the American Society for Anesthesiologists (ASA) Physical Classification System, Severity of Illness (SOI) scoring system, or Mallampati (MP) rating scale on discharge location remains unclear. This study explored the predictive role of ASA, SOI, and MP scores on discharge location, lengths of stay, and total costs for THA patients...
June 2018: Arthroplasty Today
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