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physical therapy residency

Akira Katsube, Hisamitsu Hayashi, Hiroyuki Kusuhara
OBJECTIVE: ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) exerts an atheroprotective action through the biogenesis of high-density lipoprotein in hepatocytes and prevents the formation of foam cells from macrophages. Controlling ABCA1 is a rational approach to improving atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Although much is known about the regulatory mechanism of ABCA1 synthesis, the molecular mechanism underpinning its degradation remains to be clearly described. APPROACH AND RESULTS: ABCA1 possesses potential sites of phosphorylation by serine/threonine-protein kinase Pim-1 (Pim-1)...
October 20, 2016: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
Rajkumar Bharatia, Manoj Chitale, Ganesh Narain Saxena, Raman Ganesh Kumar, Chikkalingaiah, Abhijit Trailokya, Kalpesh Dalvi, Suhas Talele
INTRODUCTION: Hypertension (HTN), being a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), is an important issue of medical and public health. High blood pressure (BP) is ranked as the third most important risk factor for attributable burden of disease in south Asia (2010). Hypertension (HTN) exerts a substantial public health burden on cardiovascular health status and healthcare systems in India. Uncontrolled hypertension among adults with hypertension is associated with increased mortality...
July 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Hiromi Rakugi
European guidelines (ESH-ESC2013) for the elderly have discussed well about treatment blood pressure (BP) levels and targeting BP levels. In general, elderly patients with systolic BP (SBP) ≥160 mmHg including individuals older than 80 years in good physical and mental conditions are recommended reducing SBP to between 150 and 140 mmHg. Furthermore, fit elderly patients <80 years old are recommended to consider antihypertensive treatment at SBP values ≥140 mmHg with a target SBP <140 mmHg. On the other hand, frail elderly patients are recommended to leave decisions on antihypertensive therapy to the treating physician, and based on monitoring of the clinical effects of treatment...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Doreen C Harper, Teena M McGuinness, Jean Johnson
BACKGROUND: The Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) degree positions nurse practitioners (NPs) and other advanced practice registered nurses, with clinical competencies similar to other disciplines requiring doctoral education (medicine, physical therapy, psychology, and pharmacy). In addition, all these disciplines also offer residencies. However, nursing is the only discipline that does not require a doctoral degree and/or have a systematic approach to residency training for advanced practice roles...
August 31, 2016: Nursing Outlook
Trinath Kumar Mishra, Biswajit Das
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is rising in epidemic proportions with India not being an exception. CAD in Indian scenario has its onset at a younger age with multitude of risk factors. OBJECTIVE: This study was carried out to obtain complete information about demographic profile, risk factors, clinical scenario, therapeutic modalities, natural course, outcome and changing profile of acute ST-segment elevated myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 45,122 acute STEMI patients admitted 1st March 1990 to 1st March 2014...
June 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Josephine Sau Fan Chow, Kim Jobburn, Margaret Chapman, Michael Suranyi
BACKGROUND: An ageing population and geographical growth, along with an increase in the number of people that reside in specific location, are increasing the demand for renal replacement therapies. Hospital-based haemodialysis units are struggling to cope with the associated physical, staffing and cost demands. Home-based dialysis therapies are known to be more cost effective with superior social, physical health and survival outcomes. METHODS: 'RENEW, a renal redesign project, examined the pre-dialysis health care experience of renal patients to find opportunities to improve patient care outcomes and increase the uptake of home-based dialysis therapies...
October 2016: Clinical Kidney Journal
Andrew T Martin, Susan M Pinney, Changchun Xie, Robert L Herrick, Yun Bai, Jeanette Buckholz, Vincent T Martin
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether headache disorders are a risk factor for the development of new onset hypothyroidism. BACKGROUND: Past studies have reported associations between headache disorders and hypothyroidism, but the directionality of the association is unknown. METHODS: This was a longitudinal retrospective cohort study using data from the Fernald Medical Monitoring Program (FMMP). Residents received physical examinations and thyroid function testing every 3 years during the 20 year program...
September 27, 2016: Headache
Hiromi Rakugi
European guidelines (ESH-ESC2013) for the elderly have discussed well about treatment blood pressure (BP) levels and targeting BP levels. In general, elderly patients with systolic BP (SBP) ≥160 mmHg including individuals older than 80 years in good physical and mental conditions are recommended reducing SBP to between 150 and 140 mmHg. Furthermore, fit elderly patients <80 years old are recommended to consider antihypertensive treatment at SBP values ≥140 mmHg with a target SBP <140 mmHg. On the other hand, frail elderly patients are recommended to leave decisions on antihypertensive therapy to the treating physician, and based on monitoring of the clinical effects of treatment...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Rebecca L Heise, Patrick A Link, Laszlo Farkas
The field of stem cell biology, cell therapy, and regenerative medicine has expanded almost exponentially, in the last decade. Clinical trials are evaluating the potential therapeutic use of stem cells in many adult and pediatric lung diseases with vascular component, such as bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), or pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Extensive research activity is exploring the lung resident and circulating progenitor cells and their contribution to vascular complications of chronic lung diseases, and researchers hope to use resident or circulating stem/progenitor cells to treat chronic lung diseases and their vascular complications...
2016: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Amanda Jayakody, Jamie Bryant, Mariko Carey, Breanne Hobden, Natalie Dodd, Robert Sanson-Fisher
BACKGROUND: Rates of readmission to hospital within 30 days are highest amongst those with chronic diseases. Effective interventions to reduce unplanned readmissions are needed. Providing support to patients with chronic disease via telephone may help prevent unnecessary readmission. This systematic review aimed to determine the methodological quality and effectiveness of interventions utilising telephone follow up (TFU) alone or in combination with other components in reducing readmission within 30 days amongst patients with cardiovascular disease, chronic respiratory disease and diabetes...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
P Van Bogaert, D Tolson, R Eerlingen, D Carvers, K Wouters, K Paque, O Timmermans, T Dilles, S Engelborghs
: WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: To stimulate reminiscence of older adults with dementia performed individually or through group sessions is a well-known practice in nursing homes resulting in effects on behaviour and well-being as an alternative for medication. Robust scientific proof of the effectiveness of individual reminiscence therapy performed in nursing homes is sparse. WHAT THIS PAPER ADDS TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: We have provided individual standardized reminiscence therapy to residents with dementia...
August 10, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
Tadashi Kato, Naoyuki Miyashita, Yasuhiro Kawai, Nobuyuki Horita, Shoichiro Yano, Yuko Oka, Takashi Oda, Niro Okimoto
To clarify the functional changes after hospitalization due to pneumonia in elderly Japanese patients, we investigated the changes in physical functioning, nutritional routes, and diet that occurred after hospitalization in patients with nursing and healthcare-associated pneumonia (NHCAP). We analyzed 405 patients with NHCAP and compared findings with 448 patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). Among the NHCAP patients, 140 (34%) patients showed a decline in activities of daily living function between baseline and discharge...
October 2016: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
Mehmet Atıf Erol Aksekili, Lale Aktekin, Selçuk Korkmazer, Mesut Akyol, Kasım Kılıçarslan, Nihat Tosun
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to apply cross-cultural adaptation and validity assessment to the Turkish translation of the Japanese Orthopedic Association Back Pain Evaluation Questionnaire applied to patients conservatively monitored for lumbar disc hernia and narrowing of the lumbar canal. METHODS: The questionnaire was translated into Turkish based on guidelines. In respect of the comprehensibility of the obtained pre-final version of the questionnaire, a pilot test was applied to 20 healthy individuals...
July 21, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
Elżbieta Kuźma-Mroczkowska, Małgorzata Pańczyk-Tomaszewska, Piotr Skrzypczyk, Iwona Artemiuk, Maria Roszkowska-Blaim
BACKGROUND: Aim of the study was to evaluate factors affecting body mass change in children with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (INS) during 6-months treatment of initial disease bout with glucocorticoids (GC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We studied 31 children with INS (22♂, 9♀, 3.6±1.8 years) treated during 6 months with GC due to initial INS bout and 31 control healthy children (18♂, 13♀, 4.0±1.8 years). Following factors were evaluated: body mass, body mass index (BMI), BMI Z-score, gender, age, gestational age at birth, birth weight, GC dose, parental age and BMI, time spent for TV/computer, physical activity, place of residence...
January 2016: Developmental Period Medicine
Michela Barichella, Emanuele Cereda, Erica Cassani, Giovanna Pinelli, Laura Iorio, Valentina Ferri, Giulia Privitera, Marianna Pasqua, Angela Valentino, Fatemeh Monajemi, Serena Caronni, Caterina Lignola, Chiara Pusani, Carlotta Bolliri, Samanta A Faierman, Alessandro Lubisco, Giuseppe Frazzitta, Maria L Petroni, Gianni Pezzoli
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Parkinson's disease (PD) patients can benefit considerably from appropriate nutritional care, particularly from diet. However, there is limited evidence on the eating habits of PD patients and their relationship with the features of the disease. METHODS: We conducted a large case-control study. Consecutive PD patients (N = 600) receiving systematic nutritional care and healthy controls (N = 600) matched (1:1) for age, gender, education, physical activity level and residence were studied using a 66-item food frequency questionnaire...
July 5, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Jay Burmeister, Zhe Chen, Indrin J Chetty, Sonja Dieterich, Anthony Doemer, Michael M Dominello, Rebecca M Howell, Patrick McDermott, Adrian Nalichowski, Joann Prisciandaro, Tim Ritter, Chadd Smith, Eric Schreiber, Timothy Shafman, Steven Sutlief, Ying Xiao
PURPOSE: The American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) Physics Core Curriculum Subcommittee (PCCSC) has updated the recommended physics curriculum for radiation oncology resident education to improve consistency in teaching, intensity, and subject matter. METHODS AND MATERIALS: The ASTRO PCCSC is composed of physicists and physicians involved in radiation oncology residency education. The PCCSC updated existing sections within the curriculum, created new sections, and attempted to provide additional clinical context to the curricular material through creation of practical clinical experiences...
July 15, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Savvas L Spanos, Ioannis D Siasios, Vassilios G Dimopoulos, Kostas N Fountas
BACKGROUND: A web-based survey was conducted among Greek spinal surgeons to outline the current practice trends in regard to the surgical management of patients undergoing anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) for degenerative cervical spine pathology. Various practice patterns exist in the surgical management of patients undergoing anterior cervical discectomy for degenerative pathology. No consensus exists regarding the type of the employed graft, the necessity of implanting a plate, the prescription of an external orthotic device, and the length of the leave of absence in these patients...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
Genevieve Pinto Zipp, Catherine Maher, Erin Donnelly, Brian Fritz, Lauren Snowdon
Creating curriculums that develop physical therapy (PT) students into evidenced-based, critically reflective, entry-level practitioners is one of the primary goals for PT programs. Academic faculty partnering with neurologic residency programs to design learning environments that capitalize upon the strengths of both can create insightful educational experiences for students during their didactic training. These partnerships support the development of critical thinking skills and provide mentorship for residents transitioning from their role as a clinician to that of an educator...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
Miguel Xavier, Richard O C Oreffo, Hywel Morgan
Skeletal stem cells (SSC) are a sub-population of bone marrow stromal cells that reside in postnatal bone marrow with osteogenic, chondrogenic and adipogenic differentiation potential. SSCs reside only in the bone marrow and have organisational and regulatory functions in the bone marrow microenvironment and give rise to the haematopoiesis-supportive stroma. Their differentiation capacity is restricted to skeletal lineages and therefore the term SSC should be clearly distinguished from mesenchymal stem cells which are reported to exist in extra-skeletal tissues and, critically, do not contribute to skeletal development...
September 2016: Biotechnology Advances
Megan Dunne, Kathleen Keenan
: More than 12% of women will be diagnosed with breast cancer at some point in their lives, and 78% of them can be expected to survive for at least 15 years. More than 2.8 million breast cancer survivors currently reside in the United States. After breast cancer treatment, as many as 90% of survivors report physical problems that can reduce functional ability, produce or exacerbate emotional problems, negatively affect body image, and diminish quality of life. Many survivors will seek care for late and long-term effects of treatment, which will not necessarily be recognized as such by health care providers and appropriately treated...
June 2016: American Journal of Nursing
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