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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604236/diagnosis-of-superior-labrum-anterior-to-posterior-tears-by-using-mr-imaging-and-mr-arthrography-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
John S Symanski, Naveen Subhas, James Babb, Joseph Nicholson, Soterios Gyftopoulos
Purpose To evaluate the diagnostic accuracies of nonenhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and MR arthrography for diagnosis of superior labrum anterior-to-posterior (SLAP) tears by using a systematic review and meta-analysis. Materials and Methods A comprehensive literature search was performed on the two main concepts of MR imaging (MR imaging, and direct and indirect MR arthrography) and SLAP tears. Inclusion criteria consisted of original studies that assessed the diagnostic accuracy of MR imaging, direct MR arthrography, and/or indirect MR arthrography for the detection of SLAP tears, by using surgical findings as the reference standard...
June 12, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594489/diagnosis-and-management-of-the-biceps-labral-complex
#2
Robert J Thorsness, Anthony A Romeo
The long head of the biceps tendon (LHBT) is a common source of pathology. The biceps-labral complex (BLC) is the collective anatomic and clinical features shared by the biceps tendon and the superior labrum. LHBT pathology can be caused by inflammation, instability, or trauma. Numerous tests can be performed to determine the existence of biceps tendon and superior labrum anterior to posterior (SLAP) lesions; however, many of these tests do not have high sensitivity and specificity, which limit their clinical utility...
February 15, 2017: Instructional Course Lectures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560145/using-a-posterolateral-portal-to-pass-and-tie-the-suture-of-the-inferior-anchor-during-arthroscopic-bankart-repair
#3
Walid Reda, Ahmed Khedr
Using a posterolateral portal in passing and tying the inferior knot allows good labral reduction and adequate capsular shift to treat anterior shoulder instability. In this technique, the most inferior anchor is placed through a low anterolateral portal. A penetrating grasper is introduced from a posterolateral portal situated 2 to 3 cm distal and lateral to the viewing portal. This portal is used to pass the 2 limbs of the anchor suture as inferior as possible through the labrum and capsule close to 6 o'clock position to form the 2 limbs of the first mattress suture...
December 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555366/pulley-lesions-in-rotator-cuff-tears-prevalence-etiology-and-concomitant-pathologies
#4
Nael Hawi, Emmanouil Liodakis, Christina Garving, Peter Habermeyer, Mark Tauber
PURPOSE: This study aimed to demonstrate the prevalence of lesions in the biceps pulley complex in a representative, consecutive series of rotator cuff tears and rotator cuff interval treatments. We also analyzed associated tear pattern of rotator cuff injuries and superior labrum anterior-posterior (SLAP) lesions. We evaluated the relationships of these lesions to traumatic genesis and the prevalence of pulley lesions in revision cases. METHODS: This retrospective study analyzed all pre- and intra-operative documentation on arthroscopic rotator cuff reconstructions and isolated pulley lesion treatments performed by a single surgeon over 2 consecutive years...
May 29, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501788/dynamic-femoral-head-translations-in-dysplastic-hips
#5
Tatsuya Sato, Hiromasa Tanino, Yasuhiro Nishida, Hiroshi Ito, Takeo Matsuno, Scott A Banks
BACKGROUND: Developmental dysplasia of the hip is an important disease leading to osteoarthritis. Recently, researchers have focused on hip instability as a potentially important dynamic factor for osteoarthritis, but the detailed kinematics of dysplastic hips during weight-bearing gait have not been reported. The purpose of this research is to contrast femoral translation in contralateral healthy hips and dysplastic hips during weight-bearing stepping. METHODS: Twelve dysplastic hips and eight healthy hips were investigated...
May 5, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495804/sham-surgery-versus-labral-repair-or-biceps-tenodesis-for-type-ii-slap-lesions-of-the-shoulder-a-three-armed-randomised-clinical-trial
#6
Cecilie Piene Schrøder, Øystein Skare, Olav Reikerås, Petter Mowinckel, Jens Ivar Brox
BACKGROUND: Labral repair and biceps tenodesis are routine operations for superior labrum anterior posterior (SLAP) lesion of the shoulder, but evidence of their efficacy is lacking. We evaluated the effect of labral repair, biceps tenodesis and sham surgery on SLAP lesions. METHODS: A double-blind, sham-controlled trial was conducted with 118 surgical candidates (mean age 40 years), with patient history, clinical symptoms and MRI arthrography indicating an isolated type II SLAP lesion...
May 11, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400880/arthroscopic-findings-in-anterior-shoulder-instability
#7
REVIEW
Michael Hantes, Vasilios Raoulis
BACKGROUND: In the last years, basic research and arthroscopic surgery, have improved our understanding of shoulder anatomy and pathology. It is a fact that arthroscopic treatment of shoulder instability has evolved considerably over the past decades. The aim of this paper is to present the variety of pathologies that should be identified and treated during shoulder arthroscopy when dealing with anterior shoulder instability cases. METHODS: A review of the current literature regarding arthroscopic shoulder anatomy, anatomic variants, and arthroscopic findings in anterior shoulder instability, is presented...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370312/changes-in-chondrolabral-mechanics-coverage-and-congruency-following-peri-acetabular-osteotomy-for-treatment-of-acetabular-retroversion-a-patient-specific-finite-element-study
#8
Spencer J Knight, Christine L Abraham, Christopher L Peters, Jeffrey A Weiss, Andrew E Anderson
Using a validated finite element (FE) protocol, we quantified cartilage and labrum mechanics, congruency, and femoral coverage in five male patients before and after they were treated for acetabular retroversion with peri-acetabular osteotomy (PAO). Three-dimensional models of bone, cartilage, and labrum were generated from computed tomography (CT) arthrography images, acquired before and after PAO. Walking, stair-ascent, stair-descent, and rising from a chair were simulated. Cartilage and labrum contact stress, contact area, and femoral coverage were calculated overall and regionally...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359696/partial-thickness-tears-involving-the-rotator-cable-lead-to-abnormal-glenohumeral-kinematics
#9
Gregory J Pinkowsky, Neal S ElAttrache, Alexander B Peterson, Masaki Akeda, Michelle H McGarry, Thay Q Lee
HYPOTHESIS: The objective of this study was to determine the biomechanical function of the rotator cable when a partial-thickness (>50%) tear is present. We compared intact specimens with partial tears of the anterior cable followed by partial anterior and posterior tears in regard to glenohumeral kinematics and translation. The hypothesis was that partial-thickness tears will lead to abnormal glenohumeral biomechanics, including glenohumeral translation and path of glenohumeral articulation...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298065/clinical-assessment-of-the-dynamic-labral-shear-test-for-superior-labrum-anterior-and-posterior-lesions
#10
Sonal Sodha, Uma Srikumaran, Kyubo Choi, Amrut U Borade, Edward G McFarland
BACKGROUND: Diagnosing superior labrum anterior and posterior (SLAP) lesions through physical examination remains challenging. The dynamic labral shear test (DLST) has been shown to have likelihood ratios (LRs) of 31.6 and 1.1 for diagnosing SLAP lesions. PURPOSE: To determine the clinical utility of the DLST for diagnosing SLAP lesions. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study (diagnosis); Level of evidence, 2. METHODS: This prospective, consecutive case series included 774 patients who underwent diagnostic arthroscopy and a preoperative DLST between 2007 and 2013...
March 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249340/arthroskopische-therapie-bei-spinoglenoidalem-ganglion
#11
Kilian Rueckl, Christian Konrads, Thomas Barthel, Maximilian Rudert, Friedrich Boettner, Piet Plumhoff
Aims and Indications A paralabral ganglion cyst of the shoulder can cause neuropathy of the inferior branches of the suprascapular nerve. This can lead to atrophy of the infraspinatus muscle. Arthroscopic decompression of the cyst in combination with repair of the associated labrum tear appears to be an effective treatment option. Methods Initially the connection of the cyst to the joint in the area of the posterior rim of the glenoid is identified arthroscopically. Following the decompression of the cyst the labrum tear is repaired to avoid recurrence...
February 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229565/calcifying-tendinitis-of-the-long-head-of-the-biceps-brachii-and-superior-labrum-a-report-of-one-case-and-literature-review
#12
Xing-He Xue, Zhen-Hua Feng, Zhen-Xing Li, Xiao-Yun Pan
INTRODUCTION: Calcifying tendinitis of the shoulder is characterized with the formation of the calcium deposits in tendon, which mostly involves supraspinatus. The formation of the calcium deposits may be related to the excessive mechanical stimulation and non-tenocytes generation from tendon stem cell. The disease is usually associated with pain, especially when activating the shoulder. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We describe one case of calcifying tendinitis involving the long head of the biceps brachii and superior labrum...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224066/the-use-of-accessory-portals-in-bankart-repair-with-posterior-extension-in-the-lateral-decubitus-position
#13
Gregory L Cvetanovich, Jason T Hamamoto, Kevin J Campbell, Mark McCarthy, John D Higgins, Nikhil N Verma
The Bankart lesion, in which the anteroinferior labrum is detached from the glenoid, is the critical anatomic lesion in the majority of patients with anterior glenohumeral instability. Some patients with anterior glenohumeral instability will have Bankart lesions with posterior extension beyond the 6-o'clock position, and achieving anatomic labral repair in these cases can present a technical challenge. In our experience, the lateral decubitus position and use of accessory portals allow superior visualization of the inferior half of the glenohumeral joint for glenoid and labral preparation, anchor placement, and suture management...
October 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203588/return-to-play-and-prior-performance-in-major-league-baseball-pitchers-after-repair-of-superior-labral-anterior-posterior-tears
#14
Ryan Smith, Daniel J Lombardo, Graysen R Petersen-Fitts, Charles Frank, Troy Tenbrunsel, Gannon Curtis, James Whaley, Vani J Sabesan
BACKGROUND: The published return-to-play (RTP) rates for Major League Baseball (MLB) pitchers who have undergone surgical repair of superior labrum anterior-posterior (SLAP) tears vary widely and are generally accepted to be lower in the subset of competitive throwers. The efficacy of surgical treatment for MLB players is largely unknown. PURPOSE: To examine the RTP rate and performance of MLB pitchers who have undergone SLAP tear repair between 2003 and 2010. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiological study...
December 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197872/mr-arthrography-of-the-shoulder-evaluation-of-isotropic-3d-intermediate-weighted-fse-and-hybrid-gre-t1-weighted-sequences
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Giovanni Foti, Paolo Avanzi, William Mantovani, Flavia Dal Corso, Emanuele Demozzi, Claudio Zorzi, Giovanni Carbognin
PURPOSE: To compare the diagnostic accuracy of three-dimensional (3D) fast spin echo (FSE) intermediate-weighed (IW-3D) and 3D hybrid double-echo steady-state T1-weighted sequences (Hy-3D) and two-dimensional (FSE) images (2D) at shoulder MR arthrography (MRA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Institutional review board approval was obtained and informed consent was waived for this retrospective study. From September 2011 to October 2014, 102 patients who had undergone 1...
May 2017: La Radiologia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183087/development-of-the-human-biceps-brachii-tendon-and-coracoglenoid-ligament-7th-12th-week-of-development
#16
Crótida de la Cuadra-Blanco, Luis A Arráez-Aybar, Jorge A Murillo-González, Manuel E Herrera-Lara, Juan A Mérida-Velasco, José R Mérida-Velasco
The goal of this study is to clarify the development of the long head of the biceps brachii tendon (LHBT) and to verify the existence and development of the coracoglenoid ligament. Histological preparations of 22 human embryos (7-8 weeks of development) and 43 human fetuses (9-12 weeks of development) were studied bilaterally using a conventional optical microscope. The articular interzone gives rise to the LHBT, glenoid labrum, and articular capsule. During the fetal period, it was observed that in 50 cases (58%), the LHBT originated from both the glenoid labrum and the scapula, while in 36 cases (42%), it originated only from the glenoid labrum...
2017: Cells, Tissues, Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149736/arthroscopic-debridement-of-the-thrower-s-shoulder-less-is-more
#17
Paul E Caldwell, Dustin C Dyer, Sara E Pearson
The thrower's shoulder has long been a topic of debate among shoulder specialists. The tremendous forces produced during the throwing motion coupled with the compilation of the pathology encountered in the thrower's shoulder have generated a complex treatment algorithm. Simplifying management options has been challenging and recommendations continue to evolve. Treatment of injuries to the thrower's shoulder most commonly involves addressing partial articular-sided rotator cuff tears. These can be isolated or more commonly associated with tearing of the posterior superior labrum...
December 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146397/a-prospective-randomized-study-comparing-the-interference-screw-and-suture-anchor-techniques-for-biceps-tenodesis
#18
Ji Soon Park, Sae Hoon Kim, Ho Jin Jung, Ye Hyun Lee, Joo Han Oh
BACKGROUND: Several methods are used to perform biceps tenodesis in patients with superior labrum-biceps complex (SLBC) lesions accompanied by a rotator cuff tear. However, limited clinical data are available regarding the best technique in terms of clinical and anatomic outcomes. PURPOSE: To compare the clinical and anatomic outcomes of the interference screw (IS) and suture anchor (SA) fixation techniques for biceps tenodesis performed along with arthroscopic rotator cuff repair...
February 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127741/evaluation-of-repair-of-the-hip-labrum-under-simulated-full-weight-bearing
#19
Jason L Koh, Kavish Gupta
INTRODUCTION: Repairs of labral tears are performed for unstable tears, hip instability, and after detachment concomitant to the treatment of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI), but limited data is known about the strength of repair. This study evaluated the effect of simulated axial weight-bearing on suture anchor based repair of the acetabular labrum. METHODS: 3 cadaveric pelvises underwent creation of a 1.5 cm anterior-superior labral tear in each hip. The tears were then repaired using 2 suture anchors per hip...
January 24, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098497/magnetic-resonance-arthrography-results-that-indicate-surgical-treatment-for-partial-articular-sided-supraspinatus-tendon-avulsion-a-retrospective-study-in-a-tertiary-center
#20
Seok Hahn, Young Han Lee, Yong-Min Chun, Eun Hae Park, Jin-Suck Suh
Background Specific findings on magnetic resonance arthrography (MRA) that indicate the need for surgery in patients with partial articular-sided supraspinatus tendon avulsion (PASTA) are not well understood. Purpose To determine which MRA findings are characteristic of patients who undergo surgery for PASTA. Material and Methods From July 2011 to February 2014, MRA findings for patients treated for PASTA were retrospectively reviewed. The patients were divided into two groups: conservative treatment and surgical repair...
January 1, 2017: Acta Radiologica
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