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workplace learning

Eliot L Rees, Benjamin Davies
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Medical Education
Gillian King, Nicole Thomson, Mitchell Rothstein, Shauna Kingsnorth, Kathryn Parker
Purpose One of the major issues faced by academic health science centers (AHSCs) is the need for mechanisms to foster the integration of research, clinical, and educational activities to achieve the vision of evidence-informed decision making (EIDM) and optimal client care. The paper aims to discuss this issue. Design/methodology/approach This paper synthesizes literature on organizational learning and collaboration, evidence-informed organizational decision making, and learning-based organizations to derive insights concerning the nature of effective workplace learning in AHSCs...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Health Organization and Management
V Kuznetsov, K Bissell
Setting: Many tuberculosis services are implementing new diagnostics to accelerate treatment initiation for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis. Successful implementation and uptake are likely to depend on many factors. Objective: To describe the perceptions of the Arkhangelsk health services staff in Northern Russia on the process of introducing the line-probe assay and to determine what facilitates the process of uptake into practice. Design: Process evaluation; semi-structured, in-depth interviews with key informants from civil and penitentiary health services; content analysis...
September 2016: Public Health Action
Ellen J Eckes, Debbie Gutierrez, Ann Peterson, Melissa Hubbard, Kevin Barrett, Ann Marie Matlock
Nurses manage patients with common infectious diseases by following institutional guidelines based on expert advice, evidence in the literature, and a wealth of experience. Today nurses are challenged to provide care to patients with multidrug-resistant organisms and virulent infectious diseases such as Ebola virus disease. Management of some patients with virulent infectious diseases occurs in the context of minimal experience with the pathogen, course of infection, diagnostics, nursing care, and treatment...
October 2016: Critical Care Nurse
Charles E Gaudet, Lisa L Weyandt
OBJECTIVE: Computerized neuropsychological assessment of concussion has rapidly expanded and Immediate Post-Concussion and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) is among the most commonly used measures in this domain. ImPACT was primarily developed for use with athletic populations but continues to expand beyond athletics to settings such as the workplace and schools where motivational dispositions may vary. The purpose of the present study was to conduct a systematic review of existing research investigating the prevalence of invalid baseline results and the effectiveness of ImPACT's embedded invalidity indicators in detecting suspect effort...
August 10, 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Warren Kealy-Bateman, Beth Kotze, Lisa Lampe
OBJECTIVE: To provide information relevant to decision-making around the timing of attempting the centrally administered summative assessments in the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists (RANZCP) 2012 Fellowship Program. METHODS: We consider the new Competency-Based Fellowship Program of the RANZCP and its underlying philosophy, the trainee trajectory within the program and the role of the supervisor. The relationship between workplace-based and external assessments is discussed...
September 27, 2016: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
Damian J Castanelli, Tanisha Jowsey, Yan Chen, Jennifer M Weller
INTRODUCTION: Workplace-based assessment is integral to programmatic assessment in a competency-based curriculum. In 2013, one such assessment, a mini-Clinical Evaluation Exercise (mini-CEX) with a novel "entrustability scale", became compulsory for over 1,200 Australia and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA) trainees. We explored trainees' and supervisors' understanding of the mini-CEX, their experience with the assessment, and their perceptions of its influence on learning and supervision...
September 23, 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
Aliza Monroe-Wise, Yohana Mashalla, Gabrielle O'Malley, Neal Nathanson, Esther Seloilwe, Onesmus Gachuno, Theresa Odero, Damalie Nakanjako, Nelson Sewankambo, Edith Tarimo, David Urassa, Yukari C Manabe, Susan Chapman, Joachim G Voss, Judith Wasserheit, Carey Farquhar
BACKGROUND: Effective leadership is a cornerstone of successful healthcare delivery in resource limited settings throughout the world. However, few programs in Africa prepare healthcare professionals with the leadership skills vital to the success of the healthcare systems in which they work. One such program, the Afya Bora Consortium Fellowship in Global Health Leadership, has been training health professionals since 2011. The purpose of this study was to assess what career changes, if any, the Afya Bora Fellowship's alumni have experienced since completing the fellowship, and to describe those changes...
2016: BMC Medical Education
Beth Walker, Deirdre Wallace, Zaheer Mangera, Deborah Gill
BACKGROUND: A small number of medical students elect to work as health care assistants (HCAs) during or prior to their undergraduate training. There is a significant body of evidence in the literature regarding the impact of HCA experience on student nurses; however, little research has examined the effects of such experience on medical students. METHODS: All fourth-year medical students with self-declared experience as HCAs from a single UK medical school were invited to participate in focus groups to explore their experiences and perceptions...
September 15, 2016: Clinical Teacher
Amelia Kehoe, John McLachlan, Jane Metcalf, Simon Forrest, Madeline Carter, Jan Illing
CONTEXT: Many health services and systems rely on the contribution of international medical graduates (IMGs) to the workforce. However, concern has grown around their regulation and professional practice. There is a need, in the absence of strong evidence and a robust theoretical base, for a deeper understanding of the efficacy of interventions used to support IMGs' transition to their host countries. This study seeks to explore and synthesise evidence relating to interventions developed for IMGs...
October 2016: Medical Education
Simon Burrow, Hilary Mairs, Helen Pusey, Timothy Bradshaw, John Keady
OBJECTIVES: To understand the motivations and experiences of health and social care professionals undertaking part-time, accredited, continuing professional education in higher education. DESIGN: A review following systematic principles. DATA SOURCES: Systematic searches for literature published between January 2000 and December 2015 using the databases: SCOPUS, Web of Science, Medline, PsychINFO, Social Policy and Practice and CINAHL. REVIEW METHODS: Studies were included if they were published in the English language and were qualitative in design, focussing on the motivations and experiences of staff engaged in part-time, accredited, higher education study...
November 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Peter Pype, Myriam Deveugele
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional education and collaborative practice are gradually gaining importance in the context of growing healthcare complexity. The readiness for interprofessional learning scale (RIPLS) is a well-known scale that can identify attitudinal barriers and variance across professions, which may affect educational interventions. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to translate the English RIPLS into Dutch and to test its reliability and validity. METHODS: The scale was translated and back-translated by two pairs of people independently and tested for feasibility and comprehensibility...
September 5, 2016: European Journal of General Practice
Nicola Benwell, Kathryn Hird, Nicholas Thomas, Erin Furness, Mark Fear, Greg Sweetman
Objective Fiona Stanley Hospital (FSH) is the first hospital in Western Australia to implement a digital medical record (BOSSnet, Core Medical Solutions, Australia). Formal training in the use of the digital medical record is provided to all staff as part of the induction program. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether the current training program facilitates efficient and accurate use of the digital medical record in clinical practice.Methods Participants were selected from the cohort of junior doctors employed at FSH in 2015...
September 5, 2016: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
Judith J Voogt, Elizabeth L J van Rensen, Marieke F van der Schaaf, Mirko Noordegraaf, Margriet Me Schneider
OBJECTIVE: To develop an educational intervention that targets residents' beliefs and attitudes to quality Improvement (QI) and leadership in order to demonstrate proactive behaviour. DESIGN: Theory-driven, mixed methods study including document analysis, interviews, observations and open-ended questionnaires. SETTING: Six Dutch teaching hospitals. INTERVENTION: Using expertise from medicine, psychology, organizational and educational sciences we developed a situated learning programme named Ponder and IMProve (PIMP)...
September 2, 2016: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
Christian J Merz, Florian Dietsch, Michael Schneider
The acquisition of conceptual knowledge in scientific domains is among the central aims of school instruction because this semantic declarative knowledge helps individuals make interferences and explain complex phenomena. Recent research shows that naïve concepts acquired during childhood persist in long-term memory long after learning the scientifically correct concepts in school. In this study, we investigated the effects of stress on the retrieval of these conceptual representations. To this end, 40 healthy men were randomly assigned to either psychosocial stress or a control condition and evaluated, as quickly and accurately as possible, statements that were compatible with scientific concepts or incompatible with those concepts...
October 2016: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
Jed D Gonzalo, Catherine Lucey, Terry Wolpaw, Anna Chang
To ensure physician readiness for practice and leadership in changing health systems, an emerging three-pillar framework for undergraduate medical education integrates the biomedical and clinical sciences with health systems science, which includes population health, health care policy, and interprofessional teamwork. However, the partnerships between medical schools and health systems that are commonplace today use health systems as a substrate for learning. Educators need to transform the relationship between medical schools and health systems...
August 30, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Susanne Gerhard-Szep, Arndt Güntsch, Peter Pospiech, Andreas Söhnel, Petra Scheutzel, Torsten Wassmann, Tugba Zahn
AIM: At the annual meeting of German dentists in Frankfurt am Main in 2013, the Working Group for the Advancement of Dental Education (AKWLZ) initiated an interdisciplinary working group to address assessments in dental education. This paper presents an overview of the current work being done by this working group, some of whose members are also actively involved in the German Association for Medical Education's (GMA) working group for dental education. The aim is to present a summary of the current state of research on this topic for all those who participate in the design, administration and evaluation of university-specific assessments in dentistry...
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
Maree O'Keefe, Victoria Wade, Sue McAllister, Ieva Stupans, Teresa Burgess
BACKGROUND: An approach to improve management of student clinical placements, the Building Teams for Quality Learning project, was trialed in three different health services. In a previous paper the authors explored in some detail the factors associated with considerable success of this approach at one of these services. In this paper, the authors extend this work with further analysis to determine if the more limited outcomes observed with participants at the other two services could be explained by application of activity theory and in particular the expansive learning cycle...
2016: BMC Medical Education
Chia-Der Lin, Blossom Yen-Ju Lin
BACKGROUND: In the education field, learning experiences are considered learners' properties and are viewed as a key determinant in explaining learners' learning processes, especially for training novices such as clerks with varying levels of commitment to the medical profession. This study explored whether clerks' achievement goal motivation orientations might buffer the negative well-being to a certain extent, considering their training demands during clinical training. METHODS: Ninety-four clerks at a tertiary medical center were longitudinally traced during their 2-year clerkship spanning from September 2013 to April 2015...
2016: BMC Medical Education
Susanne Jansson, Bengt Fridlund
A therapeutic alliance with a continuing collaboration between a patient and psychiatric staff is a resource for helping patients cope with the demands of coercive legislation. Knowledge exists describing coercion in inpatient care while the knowledge regarding the perceptions of creating a therapeutic alliance with patients on Community Treatment Orders (CTO) among psychiatric staff is scarce. To describe perceptions among psychiatric staff of creating a therapeutic alliance with patients on CTOs, an exploratory design using a phenomenographic method was employed...
August 17, 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
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