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workplace learning

Jiyeon Kang, Yeon Jin Jeong, Kyoung Ran Kong
PURPOSE: This qualitative study aimed to explore the experience of incivility among nursing students. METHODS: Sixteen nursing students who had experienced incivility during their clinical placement were invited for one-on-one interviews until the point of theoretical saturation. The grounded theory approach of Corbin and Strauss was adopted to analyze transcribed interview contents. RESULTS: Incivility occurred in the context of a hierarchical organizational culture, due to nursing students' position as outsiders, non-systematic clinical education, and poor nursing work environment...
February 2018: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
Clare Morris, Tim Swanwick
INTRODUCTION: Postgraduate medical education takes place almost entirely in the clinical workplace, supported by healthcare professionals who strive to combine service and educational roles. Over the past decade, we have witnessed the emergence and growth of new forms of educational activity within postgraduate medical education. Under the umbrella term of "faculty development", these activities move beyond a narrow emphasis on "teaching the teachers to teach" to a wide range of interventions focused on enhancing educational climate, educational infrastructure and educational practices within and across healthcare organizations...
March 11, 2018: Medical Teacher
Suzanne Morony, Kristie Weir, Gregory Duncan, Janice Biggs, Don Nutbeam, Kirsten J Mccaffery
BACKGROUND: Telehealth professionals require advanced communication skills, in part to compensate for lack of visual cues. Teach-Back is a best practice communication technique that has been recommended but not previously evaluated for consumer telehealth. We aimed to implement Teach-Back at a national maternal and child health telephone helpline. We describe the intervention and report telenurse experiences learning to use Teach-Back. METHODS: We identified barriers (time, knowledge, skills, beliefs) and enablers (self-reflection) to using Teach-Back, and developed a novel training program to address these, guided by the Theoretical Domains Framework...
March 7, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Alana Hansen, Dino Pisaniello, Blesson Varghese, Shelley Rowett, Scott Hanson-Easey, Peng Bi, Monika Nitschke
Heat exposure can be a health hazard for many Australian workers in both outdoor and indoor situations. With many heat-related incidents left unreported, it is often difficult to determine the underlying causal factors. This study aims to provide insights into perceptions of potentially unsafe or uncomfortably hot working conditions that can affect occupational health and safety using information provided by the public and workers to the safety regulator in South Australia (SafeWork SA). Details of complaints regarding heat exposure to the regulator's "Help Centre" were assembled in a dataset and the textual data analysed thematically...
March 6, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Leslie Sheu, Catherine Burke, Dylan Masters, Patricia S O'Sullivan
Phenomenon: Preclerkship medical education has undergone extensive reform, and the clerkship years are growing targets for curricular innovation. As institutions implement new preclerkship curricula to better prepare medical students to practice medicine in the context of modern healthcare systems, the perspective of clerkship leaders regarding clerkship student roles and potential for change will facilitate redefining these roles so that preclerkship educational innovations can continue into clerkships. APPROACH: In this qualitative exploratory study, authors conducted semistructured interviews with clerkship and site directors for eight core clerkships from April to May 2016...
March 6, 2018: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
Branko Celler, Marlien Varnfield, Rajiv Jayasena
The CSIRO National NBN Telehealth Trial investigated the effects of introducing at home telemonitoring of vital signs for the management of a heterogeneous group of chronically ill patients. Patients suffering from a wide range of chronic conditions who were frequently admitted to hospital, were selected from nominated hospital lists. The impact of telemonitoring was analysed using a wide range of health and wellbeing outcomes as well as numerous health economic metrics derived from Medicare Medical Benefits Scheme (MBS) and Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS) data and Hospital Health Roundtable data...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Morgan R Smith, Laurie Grealish, Saras Henderson
BACKGROUND: Student satisfaction is a quality measure of increasing importance in undergraduate programs, including nursing programs. To date theories of student satisfaction have focused primarily on students' perceptions of the educational environment rather than their perceptions of learning. Understanding how students determine satisfaction with learning is necessary to facilitate student learning across a range of educational contexts and meet the expectations of diverse stakeholders...
February 22, 2018: Nurse Education Today
Samantha E Smith, Victoria R Tallentire, Lindsey M Pope, Anita H Laidlaw, Jill Morrison
OBJECTIVES: To explore the reasons that doctors choose to leave UK medicine after their foundation year two posts. SETTING: All four regions of Scotland. PARTICIPANTS: Foundation year two doctors (F2s) working throughout Scotland who were considering leaving UK medicine after foundation training were recruited on a volunteer basis. Maximum variation between participants was sought. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Semistructured interviews were coded using template analysis...
March 2, 2018: BMJ Open
Michelle M Shnayder, Debi Brannan, Lauren A Murphy, Lila S Asfour, Eric M Hecht, David J Lee, Alberto J Caban-Martinez
Home healthcare aides (HHAs) are a growing U.S. workforce highly susceptible to workplace stressors and musculoskeletal pain. In the present study we: 1) examine the association of musculoskeletal pain to life satisfaction and emotional exhaustion; and 2) characterize interest in meditation and yoga in a sample of HHAs. A nonprobabilistic sample of HHAs employed at home healthcare agencies in Florida, Massachusetts, and Oregon (n = 285 total) completed a self-administered questionnaire with standard survey measures on musculoskeletal pain location, duration, and severity; life satisfaction; emotional exhaustion; and interest in meditation techniques and yoga...
March 2018: Home Healthcare Now
Samuel Beck, Christian Schirlo, Jan Breckwoldt
Background: Entering the Clinical Elective Year (CEY) is a challenging transition phase for undergraduate medical students. Students become members of a professional team, thereby taking over certain tasks, which are executed more or less independently. Factors which facilitate (or impede) this transition in the perception of students are not well described. We therefore wanted to explore, what students perceived to be helpful during the first phase of the CEY and possibly derive respective recommendations...
2018: GMS Journal for Medical Education
Rachael-Anne Knight, Chandni Bandali, Clare Woodhead, Parul Vansadia
BACKGROUND: The critical role of phonetic transcription in the assessment, diagnosis and management of speech disorders is well established and thus pre-registration degrees dedicate numerous hours to phonetic training. However, this training is not always fully used in clinical work and clinicians may find it difficult to maintain their skills, suggesting a 'theory/practice gap'. AIMS: This paper surveys speech and language therapists' (SLTs) views of their training, practice and maintenance of transcription in order to investigate the posited theory/practice gap and to explore how education in phonetics is translated into practice...
February 28, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Pim W Teunissen, Jennifer R Kogan, Olle Ten Cate, Larry D Gruppen, Lorelei A Lingard
The logical consequence of implementing competency-based education is moving to time-variable training. Competency-based, time-variable training (CBTVT) requires an understanding of how learners interact with their learning context and how that leads to competence. In this article, the authors discuss this relationship. They first explain that the time required to achieve competence in clinical practice depends on the availability of clinical experiences that are conducive to ongoing competence development...
March 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Olle Ten Cate, Larry D Gruppen, Jennifer R Kogan, Lorelei A Lingard, Pim W Teunissen
The introduction of competency-based medical education has shifted thinking from a fixed-time model to one stressing attained competencies, independent of the time needed to arrive at those competencies. In this article, the authors explore theoretical and conceptual issues related to time variability in medical training, starting with the Carroll model from the 1960s that put time in the equation of learning. They discuss mastery learning, deliberate practice, and learning curves.While such behaviorist theories apply well to structured courses and highly structured training settings, learning in the clinical workplace is not well captured in such theories or in the model that Carroll proposed...
March 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Danielle Blouin
OBJECTIVES: Informal learning includes all occurrences during one's life when learning is not deliberate. Prior research on informal learning in healthcare contexts examined learning happening outside of the formal curriculum, yet still in the workplace. This study explores residents' perceptions about extracurricular factors outside of the workplace that contribute to their learning and development of professional identity, whether interpersonal relations are recognised as such factors, and positive and negative impacts of interpersonal relations...
February 26, 2018: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
Sandra E Moll, Jessica VandenBussche, Katelyn Brooks, Bonnie Kirsh, Heather Stuart, Scott Patten, Joy C MacDermid
OBJECTIVES: Despite growing awareness of the importance of workplace mental health training and an increasing number of educational resources, there is a gap in knowledge regarding what shapes training effectiveness. The purpose of this study was to compare and describe the active ingredients of 2 workplace mental health education programs for health care workers. METHODS: Within the context of a randomized clinical trial, a multimethod process evaluation was conducted to explore key process elements shaping implementation outcomes: the innovation, service recipients, service providers, and the organizational context...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
Aine Marie Kelly, Patricia B Mullan
Teaching and assessing trainees' professionalism now represents an explicit expectation for Accreditation Council Graduate Medical Education-accredited radiology programs. Challenges to meeting this expectation include variability in defining the construct of professionalism; limits of traditional teaching and assessment methods, used for competencies historically more prominent in medical education, for professionalism; and emerging expectations for credible and feasible professionalism teaching and assessment practices in the current context of health-care training and practice...
February 22, 2018: Academic Radiology
Karline Wilson-Mitchell, Jamie Robinson, Mary Sharpe
OBJECTIVE: to develop and deliver a two-day Respectful Maternity Care workshop for midwives using Intellectual Partnership Model principles SETTING: rural Tanzania BACKGROUND: respectful Maternity Care is an objective, measurable indicator of quality maternal newborn care INTERVENTIONS: using the Intellectual Partnership Model, educators facilitated cocreation of solutions alongside learners for complex ethical and logistic problems in the workplace FINDINGS: the mean scores on a 10-item multiple choice test increased by 20% on average following completion of the interventions; however 2-year certificate learners were less prepared for critical thinking work and social innovations than those midwives who had 3 or 4 year formal training KEY CONCLUSIONS: the implementation of the Intellectual Partnership Model revealed that midwife learners were creative, innovative, context specific in their social innovation creations related to Respectful Maternity Care when supported by respectful facilitators...
February 7, 2018: Midwifery
Muhammad Zafar Iqbal, Mohamed M Al-Eraky
Faculty development (FD) activities aim to improve teaching competencies. Success of these activities is conditioned with the ability of participants to transfer the learned competencies into their teaching practices. Unfortunately, evaluation of the effectiveness of FD rely mostly upon self-reported or verbal feedback, without valid evaluation of their progress in teaching performance. This shortcoming may be attributed to the unavailability of a systematic assessment system to evaluate participants' performance in the workplace...
February 23, 2018: Medical Teacher
Lisa Jane Gould, Peter Griffiths, Hannah Ruth Barker, Paula Libberton, Ines Mesa-Eguiagaray, Ruth M Pickering, Lisa Jane Shipway, Jackie Bridges
OBJECTIVE: Compassionate care continues to be a focus for national and international attention, but the existing evidence base lacks the experimental methodology necessary to guide the selection of effective interventions for practice. This study aimed to evaluate the Creating Learning Environments for Compassionate Care (CLECC) intervention in improving compassionate care. SETTING: Ward nursing teams (clusters) in two English National Health Service hospitals randomised to intervention (n=4) or control (n=2)...
February 22, 2018: BMJ Open
Gwen Sherwood, Usha Koshy Cherian, Sara Horton-Deutsch, Rebecca Kitzmiller, Cheryl Smith-Miller
Nurses' decisions about their intent to remain in the workforce are based on various factors. A healthy work environment in which work done well is recognised and appreciated contributes to nurses' satisfaction and better patient outcomes. This article examines the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses framework for a healthy work environment, focusing on standards for meaningful recognition. Reflective practice, which provides a self-analytical approach to appreciate and value one's work, is viewed as self-recognition...
February 22, 2018: Nursing Management (Harrow)
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