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Pregabalin review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604172/opioids-combined-with-antidepressants-or-antiepileptic-drugs-for-cancer-pain-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Chris M Kane, Matthew R Mulvey, Sophie Wright, Cheryl Craigs, Judy M Wright, Michael I Bennett
BACKGROUND: Combining antidepressant or antiepileptic drugs with opioids has resulted in increased pain relief when used for neuropathic pain in non-cancer conditions. However, evidence to support their effectiveness in cancer pain is lacking. AIM: To determine if there is additional benefit when opioids are combined with antidepressant or antiepileptic drugs for cancer pain. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Randomised control trials comparing opioid analgesia in combination with antidepressant or antiepileptic drugs versus opioid monotherapy were sought...
June 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596150/pain-improvement-with-novel-combination-analgesic-regimens-pain-care-randomized-controlled-trial-protocol
#2
Ian Gilron, Dongsheng Tu, Ronald Holden, Alan C Jackson, Nader Ghasemlou, Scott Duggan, Elizabeth Vandenkerkhof, Roumen Milev
BACKGROUND: Neuropathic pain (NP) (including painful diabetic neuropathy, postherpetic neuralgia, etc) affects approximately 7% to 8% of the population and is associated with a devastating symptom burden as well as a profound economic impact for patients, their families, and the health care system. Current therapies have limited efficacy and dose-limiting adverse effects (AEs). Rational combination therapy with carefully selected NP drugs has shown potential for measurable improvements in pain relief, quality of life, and health care use...
June 8, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554532/efficacy-of-venlafaxine-in-neuropathic-pain-a-narrative-review-of-optimized-treatment
#3
REVIEW
Anne-Priscille Trouvin, Serge Perrot, Célia Lloret-Linares
PURPOSE: The prevalence of neuropathic pain is high in the general population, and high priority is given to the management of this pain condition. The treatment of neuropathic pain remains challenging, despite the publication of national and international recommendations. The purpose of this narrative review of venlafaxine (VLX) is to provide a better knowledge of the pharmacology of this drug and a clearer view of its efficacy and tolerability in neuropathic pain. METHODS: Two independent reviewers searched PubMed with the following search terms: serotonin and noradrenalin reuptake inhibitors OR VLX hydrochloride AND pain...
June 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541026/advances-in-the-management-of-diabetic-neuropathy
#4
Tamás Várkonyi, Anna Körei, Zsuzsanna Putz, Tímea Martos, Katalin Keresztes, Csaba Lengyel, Szabolcs Nyiraty, Alin Stirban, György Jermendy, Péter Kempler
The authors review current advances in the therapy of diabetic neuropathy. The role of glycaemic control and management of cardiovascular risk factors in the prevention and treatment of neuropathic complications are discussed. As further options of pathogenetic ally oriented treatment, recent knowledge on benfotiamine and alpha-lipoic acid is comprehensively reviewed. Alpha-lipoic acid is a powerful antioxidant and clinical trials have proven its efficacy in ameliorating neuropathic signs and symptoms. Benfotiamine acts via the activation of transketolase and thereby inhibits alternative pathways triggered by uncontrolled glucose influx in the cells comprising polyol, hexosamine, protein-kinase-C pathways and formation of advanced glycation end products...
May 25, 2017: Minerva Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538404/pregabalin-can-decrease-acute-pain-and-morphine-consumption-in-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-patients-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#5
Shijie Li, Junqiang Guo, Fangjun Li, Zhijia Yang, Shuai Wang, Changjiang Qin
BACKGROUND: Pregabalin has been used as an adjunct for the management of acute pain in laparoscopic cholecystectomy. This meta-analysis aimed to illustrate the efficacy and safety of pregabalin for pain management following laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS: In March 2017, a systematic computer-based search was conducted in PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and Google databases. Data on patients prepared for laparoscopic cholecystectomy in studies that compared pregabalin versus placebo were retrieved...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535116/is-mannitol-the-treatment-of-choice-for-patients-with-ciguatera-fish-poisoning
#6
Michael E Mullins, Robert S Hoffman
CONTEXT: Ciguatera fish poisoning arises primarily from consumption of carnivorous reef fish caught in tropical and sub-tropical waters. Ciguatoxins, a class of tasteless, heat-stable, polycyclic toxins produced by dinoflagellates, accumulate through the food chain and concentrate in various carnivorous fish, such as groupers, barracudas, wrasses, amberjack, kingfishes, and eels. Characteristics of ciguatera fish poisoning include early nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea in the first one to two days post ingestion, followed by the appearance of sensory disturbances...
May 23, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493231/-drug-therapy-of-fibromyalgia-syndrome-updated-guidelines-2017-and-overview-of-systematic-review-articles
#7
C Sommer, R Alten, K-J Bär, M Bernateck, W Brückle, E Friedel, P Henningsen, F Petzke, T Tölle, N Üçeyler, A Winkelmann, W Häuser
BACKGROUND: The regular update of the guidelines on fibromyalgia syndrome, AWMF number 145/004, was scheduled for April 2017. METHODS: The guidelines were developed by 13 scientific societies and 2 patient self-help organizations coordinated by the German Pain Society. Working groups (n =8) with a total of 42 members were formed balanced with respect to gender, medical expertise, position in the medical or scientific hierarchy and potential conflicts of interest...
May 10, 2017: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426255/pregabalin-for-the-treatment-of-neuropathic-pain-a-narrative-review-for-primary-care-providers
#8
Yvonne D'Arcy, Bill McCarberg, Bruce Parsons, Regina Behar, Andrew Thorpe, Andrea Alexander
BACKGROUND: Neuropathic pain (NeP) is a distinct type of pain caused by damage to the nervous system itself. This often severe and chronic type of pain requires specific treatments that target the underlying pain pathophysiology. AIM: The purpose of the current narrative review is to provide an overview of pregabalin (Lyrica (1) ) for the treatment of NeP including its effects on pain, pain-related sleep interference, and other health-related outcomes, timing of therapeutic effect, safety and tolerability, and dosing...
June 9, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365034/capsaicin-8-patch-versus-oral-neuropathic-pain-medications-for-the-treatment-of-painful-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy-a-systematic-literature-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#9
Floortje van Nooten, Maarten Treur, Krystallia Pantiri, Malcolm Stoker, Mata Charokopou
PURPOSE: A network meta-analysis (NMA) was performed, aiming to assess the relative efficacy and tolerability of the capsaicin 179-mg (8% weight for weight) cutaneous patch (capsaicin 8% patch) compared with oral, centrally acting agents (ie, pregabalin, gabapentin, duloxetine, amitriptyline) in patients with painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy (PDPN). METHODS: A systematic search of EMBASE/MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, and the National Health Service Centre for Reviews and Dissemination Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects was conducted to identify all randomized controlled trials...
April 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350288/prevalence-and-treatment-of-neuropathic-pain-in-kidney-and-liver-transplant-recipients
#10
Ruhsen Öcal, Ceyda Tanoğlu, Seda Kibaroğlu, Eda Derle, Ufuk Can, Mahir Kirnap, Gökhan Moray, Mehmet Haberal
OBJECTIVES: Neurologic complications are common after kidney and liver transplant. Neurologic complications affect mortality and morbidity in transplant recipients, and neuropathic pain is an important symptom affecting a patient's quality of life. The aim of the present study was to provide readers with our experience regarding causes and treatment of neuropathic pain in patients undergoing kidney and liver transplant at our transplantation center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical data of 553 kidney transplant recipients and 258 liver transplant recipients who received transplant procedures at the Baskent University Transplantation Center between 2008 and May 2016 were retrospectively reviewed...
March 28, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348186/biological-rationale-and-potential-clinical-use-of-gabapentin-and-pregabalin-in-bipolar-disorder-insomnia-and-anxiety-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Kerensa T Houghton, Alexandra Forrest, Amine Awad, Lauren Z Atkinson, Sarah Stockton, Paul J Harrison, John R Geddes, Andrea Cipriani
INTRODUCTION: Gabapentin has been extensively prescribed off-label for psychiatric indications, with little established evidence of efficacy. Gabapentin and pregabalin, a very similar drug with the same mechanism of action, bind to a subunit of voltage-dependent calcium channels which are implicated in the aetiopathogenesis of bipolar disorder, anxiety and insomnia. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to collect and critically appraise all the available evidence about the efficacy and tolerability of gabapentin and pregabalin in the treatment of bipolar disorder, insomnia and anxiety...
March 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341643/pharmacotherapy-for-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy-pain-and-quality-of-life-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Julie M Waldfogel, Suzanne Amato Nesbit, Sydney M Dy, Ritu Sharma, Allen Zhang, Lisa M Wilson, Wendy L Bennett, Hsin-Chieh Yeh, Yohalakshmi Chelladurai, Dorianne Feldman, Karen A Robinson
OBJECTIVE: To systematically assess the effect of pharmacologic treatments of diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) on pain and quality of life. METHODS: We searched PubMed and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews for systematic reviews from 2011 to October 12, 2015, and PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials for primary studies from January 1, 2013, to May 24, 2016. We searched Clinicaltrials.gov on March 9, 2016. Two reviewers independently evaluated studies for eligibility, serially abstracted data, and independently evaluated risk of bias and graded strength of evidence (SOE)...
May 16, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340617/the-efficacy-of-pregabalin-for-the-management-of-postoperative-pain-in-primary-total-knee-and-hip-arthroplasty-a-meta-analysis
#13
Fei Li, Jianxiong Ma, Mingjie Kuang, Xuan Jiang, Ying Wang, Bin Lu, Xingwen Zhao, Lei Sun, Xinlong Ma
OBJECTIVE: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of pregabalin for the management of postoperative pain in patients undergoing primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and primary total hip arthroplasty (THA). METHOD: The PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Google Scholar databases were searched for related articles using search strategy. RevMan 5.3 software was selected to conduct the meta-analysis...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334783/amitriptyline-for-musculoskeletal-complaints-a-systematic-review
#14
Jacoline J van den Driest, Sita M A Bierma-Zeinstra, Patrick J E Bindels, Dieuwke Schiphof
Background.: The role of amitriptyline in musculoskeletal pain is not as clearly defined as in classical neuropathic pain conditions. Objective.: To assess the efficacy and effectiveness of amitriptyline in the treatment of pain in musculoskeletal complaints. Methods.: An extensive search (including Medline, Embase and Web of Science) was made up to April 2016 for randomised controlled trials on amitriptyline in musculoskeletal complaints compared to placebo, usual care, or other analgesic use...
April 1, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296725/preoperative-use-of-pregabalin-for-acute-pain-in-spine-surgery-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#15
Hai-Liang Jiang, Shuang Huang, Jiang Song, Xiang Wang, Zhong-Shu Cao
BACKGROUND: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to evaluate the efficacy and safety of pregabalin for pain management following spine surgery. METHODS: In September 2016, a systematic computer-based search was conducted in PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. RCTs of patients prepared for spine surgery that compared pregabalin with placebo were retrieved. The primary endpoint was the VAS score with rest or mobilization at 12 hours, 24 hours, and 48 hours and cumulative morphine consumption at 24 hours and 48 hours...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296652/perioperative-pregabalin-administration-does-not-prevent-chronic-postoperative-pain-systematic-review-with-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-trials
#16
REVIEW
Valeria Martinez, Xavier Pichard, Dominique Fletcher
The efficacy of perioperative pregabalin treatment for preventing chronic pain remains a matter of debate. We searched the MEDLINE, EMBASE, LILACS, Cochrane, and Clinical Trial Register databases, and other sources, for randomized controlled trials comparing the effects of pregabalin and placebo. The primary outcome was the incidence of chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP) at 3 months. The secondary endpoints were CPSP at 3, 6, and 12 months and the incidence of chronic postsurgical neuropathic pain at the same time points...
May 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287355/donepezil-an-acetylcholinesterase-inhibitor-can-attenuate-gabapentinoid-induced-somnolence-in-patients-with-neuropathic-pain-a-retrospective-chart-review
#17
Takamichi Kogure, Masahiko Sumitani, Kiyoshi Ikegami, Hiroaki Abe, Jun Hozumi, Reo Inoue, Kazuo Kawahara, Yoshitsugu Yamada
Donepezil, an oral acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, is used to treat Alzheimer's disease and reportedly attenuates opioid-induced sedation in patients with cancer pain. Neuropathic pain is often treated with gabapentinoids (pregabalin, gabapentin), but gabapentinoid-induced somnolence sometimes prevents patients from using these agents. We conducted a retrospective chart review of patients with neuropathic pain to examine whether donepezil is useful for gabapentinoid-induced somnolence. We investigated pain severity in 13 patients before and after taking gabapentinoids and donepezil, the degree of gabapentinoid-induced somnolence before and after starting donepezil, and gabapentinoid dose escalation after taking donepezil...
March 2017: Journal of Pain & Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281497/management-of-brain-tumor-related-epilepsy
#18
REVIEW
Neil V Klinger, Aashit K Shah, Sandeep Mittal
Seizures are common in both primary and metastatic brain tumors, although the rate of seizures differ significantly between the different types of neoplasms. Patients with brain tumor-associated seizures need treatment with antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) to prevent recurrence, whereas strong clinical data exists to discourage routine prophylaxis in patients who have not had seizures. The newer AEDs, such as levetiracetam, lamotrigine, lacosamide, topiramate, or pregabalin, are preferable for various reasons, primarily related to the side-effect profile and limited interactions with other drugs...
2017: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258733/-perioperative-gabapentin-and-pregabalin-in-cardiac-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Souvik Maitra, Dalim K Baidya, Sulagna Bhattacharjee, Anirban Som
OBJECTIVES: Sternotomy for cardiac surgeries causes significant postoperative pain and when not properly managed may cause significant morbidity. As neuropathic pain is a significant component here, gabapentin and pregabalin may be effective in these patients and may reduce postoperative opioid consumption. The purpose of this systematic review was to find out efficacy of gabapentin and pregabalin in acute postoperative pain after cardiac surgery. METHODS: Published prospective human randomized clinical trials, which compared preoperative and/or postoperative gabapentin/pregabalin with placebo or no treatment for postoperative pain management after cardiac surgery has been included in this review...
May 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216719/diagnosis-and-management-of-chronic-pruritus-an-expert-consensus-review
#20
REVIEW
Murlidhar Rajagopalan, Abir Saraswat, Kiran Godse, D S Krupa Shankar, Sanjiv Kandhari, Shrutakirthi D Shenoi, Sushil Tahiliani, V Vijay Zawar
The aim of this study is to formulate the best clinical practice in the diagnosis and management of chronic pruritus (CP). We searched PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, Web of Science, and the WHO's regional databases, for studies on "Diagnosis and management of chronic pruritus" from January 1, 2014, to July 31, 2015. We included programmatic reports and hand-searched references of published reviews and articles. Two independent reviewers screened articles and extracted data. We screened 87 of 95 studies that contained qualitative data...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology
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