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Scapular kinematics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322758/increased-seat-dump-angle-in-a-manual-wheelchair-is-associated-with-changes-in-thoracolumbar-lordosis-and-scapular-kinematics-during-propulsion
#1
Beth A Cloud, Kristin D Zhao, Arin M Ellingson, Ahmad Nassr, Anthony J Windebank, Kai-Nan An
OBJECTIVE: To quantify and compare spinal curvature and shoulder kinematics throughout the manual wheelchair propulsion cycle for individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) who were seated at 2 different seat dump angles. DESIGN: Single-group, repeated-measures study. SETTING: Academic medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-eight individuals completed the telephone screening; 21 were eligible and completed the study. INTERVENTIONS: Participants' personal manual wheelchairs were modified to have seat dump angles of 0° or 14°, with a vertical backrest...
March 18, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279851/the-sensitivity-of-shoulder-muscle-and-joint-force-predictions-to-changes-in-joint-kinematics-a-monte-carlo-analysis
#2
Wen Wu, Peter Vee Sin Lee, David C Ackland
Kinematics of the shoulder girdle obtained from non-invasive measurement systems such as video motion analysis, accelerometers and magnetic tracking sensors has been shown to be adversely affected by instrumentation measurement errors and skin motion artefact. The degree to which musculoskeletal model calculations of shoulder muscle and joint loading are influenced by variations in joint kinematics is currently not well understood. A three-dimensional musculoskeletal model of the upper limb was used to evaluate the sensitivity of shoulder muscle and joint force...
March 1, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259517/short-term-effects-of-thoracic-spine-manipulation-on-shoulder-impingement-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Melina N Haik, Francisco Alburquerque-Sendín, Paula R Camargo
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the short-term effects of thoracic spine manipulation (TSM) on pain, function, scapular kinematics and scapular muscle activity in individuals with shoulder impingement syndrome (SIS). DESIGN: Blinded assessor and patient, randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-one patients with SIS. INTERVENTION: Participants were randomly allocated to TSM (n=30) or sham-TSM group (n=31) and attended 2 intervention sessions over a 1-week period...
March 1, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237770/the-reliability-of-physical-examination-tests-for-the-clinical-assessment-of-scapular-dyskinesis-in-subjects-with-shoulder-complaints-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Toni Lange, Filip Struyf, Jochen Schmitt, Jörg Lützner, Christian Kopkow
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to summarize and evaluate intra- and interrater reliability research of physical examination tests used for the assessment of scapular dyskinesis. BACKGROUND: Scapular dyskinesis, defined as alteration of normal scapular kinematics, is described as a non-specific response to different shoulder pathologies. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE, AMED and PEDro until March 20th, 2015...
November 3, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226297/neck-muscle-fatigue-differentially-alters-scapular-and-humeral-kinematics-during-humeral-elevation-in-subclinical-neck-pain-participants-versus-healthy-controls
#5
Mahboobeh Zabihhosseinian, Michael W R Holmes, Samuel Howarth, Brad Ferguson, Bernadette Murphy
BACKGROUND: Scapular orientation is highly dependent on axioscapular muscle function. This study examined the impact of neck muscle fatigue on scapular and humeral kinematics in participants with and without subclinical neck pain (SCNP) during humeral elevation. METHODS: Ten SCNP and 10 control participants performed three unconstrained trials of dominant arm humeral elevation in the scapular plane to approximately 120 degrees before and after neck extensor muscle fatigue...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197849/effect-of-myofascial-techniques-for-treatment-of-upper-limb-dysfunctions-in-breast-cancer-survivors-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
An De Groef, Marijke Van Kampen, Nele Verlvoesem, Evi Dieltjens, Lore Vos, Tessa De Vrieze, Marie-Rose Christiaens, Patrick Neven, Inge Geraerts, Nele Devoogdt
PURPOSE: Besides pain, myofascial dysfunctions may contribute to the presence of upper limb impairments such as impaired range of motion, decreased strength, lymphedema, and altered postures and kinematics. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of myofascial therapy in addition to a standard physical therapy program for treatment of upper limb dysfunctions in breast cancer survivors. METHODS: Fifty women treated for a unilateral breast cancer with pain and myofascial dysfunctions at the upper limb region...
February 14, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183337/the-added-value-of-kinematic-evaluation-of-the-timed-finger-to-nose-test-in-persons-post-stroke
#7
Gudrun M Johansson, Helena Grip, Mindy F Levin, Charlotte K Häger
BACKGROUND: Upper limb coordination in persons post-stroke may be estimated by the commonly used Finger-to-Nose Test (FNT), which is also part of the Fugl-Meyer Assessment. The total movement time (TMT) is used as a clinical outcome measure, while kinematic evaluation also enables an objective quantification of movement quality and motor performance. Our aims were to kinematically characterize FNT performance in persons post-stroke and controls and to investigate the construct validity of the test in persons with varying levels of impairment post-stroke...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140349/reliability-of-3d-upper-limb-motion-analysis-in-children-with-obstetric-brachial-plexus-palsy
#8
Judy Mahon, Ailish Malone, Damien Kiernan, Dara Meldrum
Kinematics, measured by 3D upper limb motion analysis (3D-ULMA), can potentially increase understanding of movement patterns by quantifying individual joint contributions. Reliability in children with obstetric brachial plexus palsy (OBPP) has not been established. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine between session reliability and measurement errors of 3D-ULMA using the acromion method (AM) in children with OBPP. APPROACH: Ten participants (mean 10 years, range 7-15 years, Narakas classification I-III) completed 3D-ULMA on two occasions, mean interval of 8...
January 31, 2017: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123261/comparison-of-dynamics-in-3d-glenohumeral-position-between-primary-dislocated-shoulders-and-contralateral-healthy-shoulders
#9
Doo Sup Kim, Bonggun Lee, Scott A Banks, Kyungjin Hong, Young Hwan Jang
BACKGROUNDS: After shoulder dislocation, kinematic changes in shoulder, including translation of the humeral head, ensue. There have been many attempts to measure these changes using motion measurement techniques, but in vivo three-dimensional (3D) glenohumeral changes have not been appreciated until now. The purpose of this study was to measure and analyze changes in glenohumeral translation in patients with shoulder dislocation and compare these changes with healthy shoulder. METHODS: We included 20 subjects who had suffered shoulder dislocation for first time, and 3D models of their humerus and scapula were obtained using computed tomography and fluoroscopic images during scapular plane abduction and external rotation of shoulder with elbow flexed at 90° and arm abducted at 90°...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042977/full-can-test-mechanisms-of-a-positive-test-in-patients-with-shoulder-pain
#10
Mark K Timmons, Sevgi S Yesilyaprak, Jeff Ericksen, Lori A Michener
BACKGROUND: The full can test is theorized to produce compressive loads on the supraspinatus tendon within the subacromial space. Characterizing the width of the subacromial outlet, scapular orientation, and shoulder pain during the full can test will improve the mechanistic understanding of the positive full can test. METHODS: Cross-sectional repeated measures design. Participants with subacromial pain syndrome (n=30) were compared to a matched control group (n=30) during 2 conditions: passive support, and the full can test...
February 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908458/inter-rater-reliability-of-shoulder-measurements-in-middle-aged-women
#11
A De Groef, M Van Kampen, N Vervloesem, E Clabau, M-R Christiaens, P Neven, I Geraerts, F Struyf, N Devoogdt
OBJECTIVES: To investigate inter-rater reliability of a set of shoulder measurements including inclinometry [shoulder range of motion (ROM)], acromion-table distance and pectoralis minor muscle length (static scapular positioning), upward rotation with two inclinometers (scapular kinematics) and pain pressure thresholds (muscle tenderness) in middle-aged women. DESIGN: Observational study. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty symptom-free middle-aged women (first cohort) were measured by two raters...
July 20, 2016: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900708/can-posterior-capsular-stretching-rehabilitation-protocol-change-scapula-kinematics-in-asymptomatic-baseball-pitchers
#12
A Pellegrini, P Tonino, D Salazar, K Hendrix, I Parel, A Cutti, P Paladini, F Ceccarelli, G Porcellini
PURPOSE: Scapular dyskinesis is a recognized cause of shoulder pain in the throwing shoulder of baseball pitchers and athletes who participate in overhead sports. Past studies have assessed scapular kinematics using electromagnetic tracking devices and have shown a correlation between posterior shoulder tightness and forward scapular posture. The purpose of our study is to evaluate the scapular kinematics, before and after a 4-week posterior stretching protocol in asymptomatic pitchers...
December 2016: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855670/influence-of-disruption-of-the-acromioclavicular-and-coracoclavicular-ligaments-on-glenohumeral-motion-a-kinematic-evaluation
#13
Kempland C Walley, Babak Haghpanah, Andreas Hingsammer, Ethan R Harlow, Ashkan Vaziri, Joseph P DeAngelis, Ara Nazarian, Arun J Ramappa
BACKGROUND: Changes to the integrity of the acromioclavicular (AC) joint impact scapulothoracic and clavicular kinematics. AC ligaments provide anterior-posterior stability, while the coracoclavicular (CC) ligaments provide superior-inferior stability and a restraint to scapular internal rotation. The purpose of this cadaveric study was to describe the effect of sequential AC and CC sectioning on glenohumeral (GH) kinematics during abduction (ABD) of the arm. We hypothesized that complete AC ligament insult would result in altered GH translation in the anterior-posterior plane during abduction, while subsequent sectioning of both CC ligaments would result in an increasing inferior shift in GH translation...
November 17, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832291/mri-for-the-diagnosis-of-scapular-dyskinesis-a-report-of-two-cases
#14
Wataru Morita, Taiki Nozaki, Atsushi Tasaki
Scapular dyskinesis describes the altered position of the scapula and/or abnormal movements of the scapulothoracic joint. It is caused by bony anatomical variations, bursitis, tumors, and muscular pathological conditions including loss of innervation and fibrosis. Scapular dyskinesis is just as often subclinical as it is symptomatic, and as the periscapular anatomical changes may not result in patient symptoms, a precise diagnosis of the etiology and pathophysiology has been a challenge. Scapular bony prominence is a common etiology of scapular dyskinesis, but does not always result in morbidity...
February 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787465/influence-of-scapular-position-on-the-core-musculature-activation-in-the-prone-plank-exercise
#15
Juan M Cortell-Tormo, Miguel García-Jaén, Iván Chulvi-Medrano, Sergio Hernández-Sánchez, Ángel G Lucas-Cuevas, Juan Tortosa-Martínez
Prone plank is a widely used exercise in core stability training. Research has shown that pelvic tilt plays an important role on the electromyographical (EMG) activation of core musculature. However, the influence of scapular position on EMG activation is currently unknown. Therefore, this study evaluated the influence of scapular position on the core muscles during a prone plank. Surface electromyography of the rectus abdominis (RA), external oblique (EO), internal oblique (IO) and erector spinae (ES) was collected in fifteen participants (10 men, 5 women)...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769843/effects-of-a-stretching-protocol-for-the-pectoralis-minor-on-muscle-length-function-and-scapular-kinematics-in-individuals-with-and%C3%A2-without-shoulder-pain
#16
Dayana P Rosa, John D Borstad, Lívia S Pogetti, Paula R Camargo
STUDY DESIGN: Parallel-group intervention with repeated measures. INTRODUCTION: Shortening of the pectoralis minor (PM) may contribute to alterations in scapular kinematics. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the effects of a stretching protocol on function, muscle length, and scapular kinematics in subjects with and without shoulder pain. METHODS: A sample of 25 patients with shoulder pain and 25 healthy subjects with PM tightness performed a daily stretching protocol for 6 weeks...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756724/effect-of-swim-training-on-the-physical-characteristics-of-competitive-adolescent-swimmers
#17
Elizabeth E Hibberd, Kevin G Laudner, Kristen L Kucera, David J Berkoff, Bing Yu, Joseph B Myers
BACKGROUND: Subacromial space distance and forward head and shoulder posture are common characteristics resulting from swim training. These alterations can cause abnormal scapular kinematics and positioning, potentially increasing compression of structures in the subacromial space and increasing the risk for the development of swimmer's shoulder. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of the swim training season on subacromial space distance and forward head and forward shoulder posture as well as to determine the relationship between these variables...
November 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705061/errors-in-shoulder-joint-position-sense-mainly-come-from-the-glenohumeral-joint
#18
Yin-Liang Lin, Andrew Karduna
While synchronous movement of the glenohumeral and scapulothoracic joints has been emphasized in previous kinematics studies, most investigations of shoulder joint position sense have treated the shoulder complex as a single joint. The purposes of this study were to investigate the joint position sense errors of the humerothoracic, glenohumeral, and scapulothoracic joints at different elevation angles and to examine whether the errors of the glenohumeral and scapulothoracic joints contribute to the errors of the humerothoracic joint...
February 2017: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693966/scapular-dyskinesis-patterns-functional-disability-and-associated-factors-in-people-with-shoulder-disorders
#19
Tsun-Shun Huang, Chien-Ying Huang, Hsiang-Ling Ou, Jiu-Jenq Lin
BACKGROUND: Patterns of scapular dyskinesis have unique scapular kinematics and associated muscular activation. The characteristics of unique dyskinesis patterns may be associated with functional disability. OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether the shoulder function level and primary dysfunction items were different in unique dyskinesis pattern. The factors associated with shoulder dysfunction in different dyskinesis patterns were identified. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
December 2016: Manual Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676744/shoulder-joint-moment-work-and-power-during-slow-underwater-scapular-plane-abduction-adduction
#20
Jessy Lauer, Stéphane Vigier, Frédéric Delage, Alain Meudec, Jean-Michel Pollet, João Paulo Vilas-Boas, Annie Rouard
OBJECTIVE: Aquatic shoulder exercises are widely implemented into rehabilitation programs to provide early muscle strengthening and improved joint mobility. However, since the drag - the force exerted by the water on the moving segments - is very hard to measure, an in-depth knowledge of internal joint load is lacking, which ultimately prevents healthcare professionals from understanding all clinical implications. For the first time, shoulder joint moment, work, and power were calculated through a novel, validated numerical approach coupling fluid flow simulations and inverse dynamics...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
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