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Scapular kinematics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908458/inter-rater-reliability-of-shoulder-measurements-in-middle-aged-women
#1
A De Groef, M Van Kampen, N Vervloesem, E Clabau, M-R Christiaens, P Neven, I Geraerts, F Struyf, N Devoogdt
OBJECTIVES: To investigate inter-rater reliability of a set of shoulder measurements including inclinometry [shoulder range of motion (ROM)], acromion-table distance and pectoralis minor muscle length (static scapular positioning), upward rotation with two inclinometers (scapular kinematics) and pain pressure thresholds (muscle tenderness) in middle-aged women. DESIGN: Observational study. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty symptom-free middle-aged women (first cohort) were measured by two raters...
July 20, 2016: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900708/can-posterior-capsular-stretching-rehabilitation-protocol-change-scapula-kinematics-in-asymptomatic-baseball-pitchers
#2
A Pellegrini, P Tonino, D Salazar, K Hendrix, I Parel, A Cutti, P Paladini, F Ceccarelli, G Porcellini
PURPOSE: Scapular dyskinesis is a recognized cause of shoulder pain in the throwing shoulder of baseball pitchers and athletes who participate in overhead sports. Past studies have assessed scapular kinematics using electromagnetic tracking devices and have shown a correlation between posterior shoulder tightness and forward scapular posture. The purpose of our study is to evaluate the scapular kinematics, before and after a 4-week posterior stretching protocol in asymptomatic pitchers...
December 2016: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855670/influence-of-disruption-of-the-acromioclavicular-and-coracoclavicular-ligaments-on-glenohumeral-motion-a-kinematic-evaluation
#3
Kempland C Walley, Babak Haghpanah, Andreas Hingsammer, Ethan R Harlow, Ashkan Vaziri, Joseph P DeAngelis, Ara Nazarian, Arun J Ramappa
BACKGROUND: Changes to the integrity of the acromioclavicular (AC) joint impact scapulothoracic and clavicular kinematics. AC ligaments provide anterior-posterior stability, while the coracoclavicular (CC) ligaments provide superior-inferior stability and a restraint to scapular internal rotation. The purpose of this cadaveric study was to describe the effect of sequential AC and CC sectioning on glenohumeral (GH) kinematics during abduction (ABD) of the arm. We hypothesized that complete AC ligament insult would result in altered GH translation in the anterior-posterior plane during abduction, while subsequent sectioning of both CC ligaments would result in an increasing inferior shift in GH translation...
November 17, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832291/mri-for-the-diagnosis-of-scapular-dyskinesis-a-report-of-two-cases
#4
Wataru Morita, Taiki Nozaki, Atsushi Tasaki
Scapular dyskinesis describes the altered position of the scapula and/or abnormal movements of the scapulothoracic joint. It is caused by bony anatomical variations, bursitis, tumors, and muscular pathological conditions including loss of innervation and fibrosis. Scapular dyskinesis is just as often subclinical as it is symptomatic, and as the periscapular anatomical changes may not result in patient symptoms, a precise diagnosis of the etiology and pathophysiology has been a challenge. Scapular bony prominence is a common etiology of scapular dyskinesis, but does not always result in morbidity...
November 10, 2016: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787465/influence-of-scapular-position-on-the-core-musculature-activation-in-the-prone-plank-exercise
#5
Juan M Cortell-Tormo, Miguel García-Jaén, Iván Chulvi-Medrano, Sergio Hernández-Sánchez, Ángel G Lucas-Cuevas, Juan Tortosa-Martínez
Prone plank is a widely used exercise in core stability training. Research has shown that pelvic tilt plays an important role on the electromyographical (EMG) activation of core musculature. However, the influence of scapular position on EMG activation is currently unknown. Therefore, this study evaluated the influence of scapular position on the core muscles during a prone plank. Surface electromyography of the rectus abdominis (RA), external oblique (EO), internal oblique (IO) and erector spinae (ES) was collected in fifteen participants (10 men, 5 women)...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769843/effects-of-a-stretching-protocol-for-the-pectoralis-minor-on-muscle-length-function-and-scapular-kinematics-in-individuals-with-and%C3%A2-without-shoulder-pain
#6
Dayana P Rosa, John D Borstad, Lívia S Pogetti, Paula R Camargo
STUDY DESIGN: Parallel-group intervention with repeated measures. INTRODUCTION: Shortening of the pectoralis minor (PM) may contribute to alterations in scapular kinematics. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the effects of a stretching protocol on function, muscle length, and scapular kinematics in subjects with and without shoulder pain. METHODS: A sample of 25 patients with shoulder pain and 25 healthy subjects with PM tightness performed a daily stretching protocol for 6 weeks...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756724/effect-of-swim-training-on-the-physical-characteristics-of-competitive-adolescent-swimmers
#7
Elizabeth E Hibberd, Kevin G Laudner, Kristen L Kucera, David J Berkoff, Bing Yu, Joseph B Myers
BACKGROUND: Subacromial space distance and forward head and shoulder posture are common characteristics resulting from swim training. These alterations can cause abnormal scapular kinematics and positioning, potentially increasing compression of structures in the subacromial space and increasing the risk for the development of swimmer's shoulder. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of the swim training season on subacromial space distance and forward head and forward shoulder posture as well as to determine the relationship between these variables...
November 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705061/errors-in-shoulder-joint-position-sense-mainly-come-from-the-glenohumeral-joint
#8
Yin-Liang Lin, Andrew Karduna
While synchronous movement of glenohumeral and scapulothoracic joints has been emphasized in previous kinematics studies, most investigations of shoulder joint position sense have treated the shoulder complex as a single joint. The purposes of this study were to investigate the joint position sense errors of the humerothoracic, glenohumeral and scapulothoracic joints at different elevation angles and to examine whether the errors of the glenohumeral and scapulothoracic joints contribute to the errors of the humerothoracic joint...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693966/scapular-dyskinesis-patterns-functional-disability-and-associated-factors-in-people-with-shoulder-disorders
#9
Tsun-Shun Huang, Chien-Ying Huang, Hsiang-Ling Ou, Jiu-Jenq Lin
BACKGROUND: Patterns of scapular dyskinesis have unique scapular kinematics and associated muscular activation. The characteristics of unique dyskinesis patterns may be associated with functional disability. OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether the shoulder function level and primary dysfunction items were different in unique dyskinesis pattern. The factors associated with shoulder dysfunction in different dyskinesis patterns were identified. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
December 2016: Manual Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676744/shoulder-joint-moment-work-and-power-during-slow-underwater-scapular-plane-abduction-adduction
#10
Jessy Lauer, Stéphane Vigier, Frédéric Delage, Alain Meudec, Jean-Michel Pollet, João Paulo Vilas-Boas, Annie Rouard
OBJECTIVE: Aquatic shoulder exercises are widely implemented into rehabilitation programs to provide early muscle strengthening and improved joint mobility. However, since the drag - the force exerted by the water on the moving segments - is very hard to measure, an in-depth knowledge of internal joint load is lacking, which ultimately prevents healthcare professionals from understanding all clinical implications. For the first time, shoulder joint moment, work, and power were calculated through a novel, validated numerical approach coupling fluid flow simulations and inverse dynamics...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676742/kinematic-analysis-of-the-scapula-after-total-anatomic-and-reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty
#11
Alexandra Roren, Marie-Martine Lefevre-Colau, Agnès Roby-Brami, Christelle Nguyen, Serge Poiraudeau
OBJECTIVE: Scapular motion is essential for full, functional mobility of the arm. Many shoulder pathologies are associated with alterations of scapular kinematics which have been only little studied in total shoulder arthroplasties. The aim of this study was to compare the 3D scapula kinematics in two groups of patients with total shoulder anatomic (aTSA) or reverse (rTSA) arthoplasties to asymptomatic controls of comparable age during two arm elevation tasks (abduction and flexion) and two simulations of activity of daily living ("hair combing" and "back washing")...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665392/kinesiology-taping-does-not-alter-shoulder-strength-shoulder-proprioception-or-scapular-kinematics-in-healthy-physically-active-subjects-and-subjects-with-subacromial-impingement-syndrome
#12
Karen A Keenan, Jonathan S Akins, Michelle Varnell, John Abt, Mita Lovalekar, Scott Lephart, Timothy C Sell
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of kinesiology tape (KT) on shoulder strength, proprioception, and scapular kinematics in healthy and Subacromial Impingement Syndrome (SAIS) subjects. DESIGN: Placebo-controlled quasi-experimental study. SETTING: Research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 30 physically active subjects participated. Ten healthy subjects with no previous history of shoulder pathology received KT on the dominant shoulder...
June 19, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639219/three-dimensional-kinematics-of-upper-limb-anatomical-movements-in-asymptomatic-adults-dominant-vs-non-dominant
#13
Ayman Assi, Ziad Bakouny, Mohammad Karam, Abir Massaad, Wafa Skalli, Ismat Ghanem
The effect of dominance on upper limb (UL) kinematics has only been studied on scapular movements. Moreover, when an anatomical UL movement is performed in a specific plane, secondary movements in the remaining planes involuntarily occur. These secondary movements have not been previously evaluated. The aim of this study was to compare the kinematics of primary and secondary angles of dominant and non-dominant UL during anatomical movements in asymptomatic adults. 25 asymptomatic adults performed 6 anatomical movements bilaterally: shoulder flexion-extension, abduction-adduction, horizontal abduction-adduction, internal-external rotation, elbow flexion-extension and wrist pronation-supination...
September 14, 2016: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632848/the-effect-of-shoulder-plyometric-training-on-amortization-time-and-upper-extremity-kinematics
#14
Kathleen A Swanik, Stephen J Thomas, Aaron H Struminger, Kellie C Huxel Bliven, John D Kelly Iv, Charles B Swanik
CONTEXT: Plyometric training is credited with providing benefits in performance and dynamic restraint. However, limited prospective data exists quantifying kinematic adaptations such as amortization time, glenohumeral rotation, and scapulothoracic position, which may underlie its efficacy for upper extremity rehabilitation or performance enhancement. OBJECTIVE: To measure upper extremity kinematics and plyometric phase times before and after an 8 week upper extremity strength and plyometric training programs...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632831/biomechanical-analysis-of-closed-kinetic-chain-upper-extremity-stability-test
#15
Helga T Tucci, Lilian R Felicio, Kevin J McQuade, Debora Bevilaqua-Grossi, Paula Maria Ferreira Camarini, Anamaria S Oliveira
CONTEXT: Closed Kinetic Chain Upper Extremity Stability Test (CKCUES test) is a functional test for the upper extremity performed in the push-up position, where individuals support their body weight on one hand placed on the ground and swing the opposite hand until touching the hand on the ground, then switch hands and repeat the process as fast as possible for fifteen seconds. OBJECTIVE: To study scapular kinematics and kinetic measures during CKCUES test for three different distances between hands...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614041/scapular-asymmetry-in-participants-with-and-without-shoulder-impingement-syndrome-a-three-dimensional-motion-analysis
#16
Elif Turgut, Irem Duzgun, Gul Baltaci
BACKGROUND: This study analyzed the dynamic three-dimensional scapular kinematics and scapular asymmetry in participants with and without shoulder impingement syndrome. METHODS: Twenty-nine participants with shoulder impingement syndrome, have been suffering from unilateral shoulder pain at the dominant arm lasting more than six weeks and thirty-seven healthy controls participated in the study. Scapular kinematics was measured with an electromagnetic tracking device during shoulder elevation in the sagittal plane...
September 3, 2016: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27587801/reliability-of-performance-based-clinical-measurements-to-assess-shoulder-girdle-kinematics-and-positioning-systematic-review
#17
Norman E D'hondt, Henri Kiers, Jan J M Pool, Sijmen T Hacquebord, Caroline B Terwee, Dirkjan H E J Veeger
BACKGROUND: Deviant shoulder girdle movement is suggested as an eminent factor in the etiology of shoulder pain. Reliable measurements of shoulder girdle kinematics are a prerequisite for optimizing clinical management strategies. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reliability, measurement error, and internal consistency of measurements with performance-based clinical tests for shoulder girdle kinematics and positioning in patients with shoulder pain...
September 1, 2016: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583116/three-dimensional-scapular-kinematics-in-patients-with-reverse-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-during-arm-motion
#18
Kwang Won Lee, Yong In Kim, Ha Yong Kim, Dae Suk Yang, Gyu Sang Lee, Won Sik Choy
BACKGROUND: There have been few reports on altered kinematics of the shoulder after reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA). We investigated differences in 3-dimensional (3D) scapular motions assessed using an optical tracking system between RTSA treated shoulders and asymptomatic contralateral shoulders during arm motion. METHODS: Thirteen patients who underwent RTSA were assessed for active arm elevation in 2 distinct elevation planes (sagittal plane flexion and scapular plane abduction)...
September 2016: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525356/alterations-of-scapular-kinematics-and-associated-muscle-activation-specific-to-symptomatic-dyskinesis-type-after-conscious-control
#19
Hsiang-Ling Ou, Tsun-Shun Huang, Yu-Ting Chen, Wen-Yin Chen, Yu-Li Chang, Tung-Wu Lu, Ting-Han Chen, Jiu-Jenq Lin
BACKGROUND: Scapular orientation and movements can affect the function of the shoulder. However, evidence is limited on whether symptomatic subjects can actively maintain the scapula in a neutral position through conscious control. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether symptomatic subjects with scapular dyskinesis can achieve optimal scapular movements and associated muscle activities through conscious control. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study...
August 4, 2016: Manual Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27511218/in-vivo-kinematic-analysis-of-the-glenohumeral-joint-during-dynamic-full-axial-rotation-and-scapular-plane-full-abduction-in-healthy-shoulders
#20
Naoya Kozono, Takamitsu Okada, Naohide Takeuchi, Satoshi Hamai, Hidehiko Higaki, Satoru Ikebe, Takeshi Shimoto, Go Miake, Yoshitaka Nakanishi, Yukihide Iwamoto
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the kinematics of healthy shoulders during dynamic full axial rotation and scapular plane full abduction using three-dimensional (3D)-to-two-dimensional (2D) model-to-image registration techniques. METHODS: Dynamic glenohumeral kinematics during axial rotation and scapular plane abduction were analysed in 10 healthy participants. Continuous radiographic images of axial rotation and scapular plane abduction were taken using a flat panel radiographic detector...
August 10, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
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