keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

surgery and nutrition

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210448/assessing-the-need-for-a-protocol-in-monitoring-weight-loss-and-nutritional-status-in-orthognathic-surgery-based-on-patients-experiences
#1
Muhammad Ruslin, Hannah Dekker, Dirk B Tuinzing, Tymour Forouzanfar
BACKGROUND: To investigate retrospectively the orthognathic surgery (OGS) patients experience in weight loss and the influence of gender, age, duration of the surgical procedure, length of hospital stay, location of surgery and use of intermaxillary fixation (IMF) or without IMF on postoperative weight loss. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 4487 patients treated by OGS where all patients visited the outpatient clinic one, three and six weeks after the surgical procedure...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209144/modified-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-eras-protocols-for-patients-with-obstructive-colorectal-cancer
#2
Dai Shida, Kyoko Tagawa, Kentaro Inada, Keiichi Nasu, Yasuji Seyama, Tsuyoshi Maeshiro, Sachio Miyamoto, Satoru Inoue, Nobutaka Umekita
BACKGROUND: Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols are now well-known to be useful for elective colorectal surgery, as they result in shorter hospital stays without adversely affecting morbidity. However, the efficacy and safety of ERAS protocols for patients with obstructive colorectal cancer have yet to be clarified. METHODS: We evaluated 122 consecutive resections for obstructive colorectal cancer performed between July 2008 and November 2012 at Tokyo Metropolitan Bokutoh Hospital...
February 16, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205468/vascularized-medial-femoral-condyle-bone-graft-for-resistant-nonunion-of-the-distal-radius
#3
Mark Henry
BACKGROUND: Nonunion involving the metaphyseal region of the distal radius is exceedingly rare, usually involving co-morbidity. Patients that have failed multiple prior conventional surgical interventions represent an even more difficult subset to treat; this investigation examined the utility of a specially designed free vascularized medial femoral condyle flap consisting of a central structural block graft with an extended corticoperiosteal sleeve to wrap around the junctions. METHODS: Six patients (5 males, 1 female) with a mean age of 52 years had failed to achieve union involving the distal radius metaphysis after a mean of 3...
March 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202272/long-term-nutritional-status-in-patients-following-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-surgery
#4
Kemal Dogan, Jens Homan, Edo O Aarts, Hans de Boer, Cees J H M van Laarhoven, Frits J Berends
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is an effective treatment for obesity. However, it also leads to multiple nutritional deficiencies. Much is known about the short term prevalence, but hardly any long term data is available on deficiencies. The aim of this study was to assess the long term outcome of nutritional status after RYGB. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data obtained from 51 morbidly obese patients who underwent a primary laparoscopic RYGB...
February 3, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196328/adherence-to-a-nurse-driven-feeding-protocol-in-a-pediatric-intensive-care-unit
#5
Carmen A Cunningham, Lindsay B Gervais, Vera C Mazurak, Vijay Anand, Daniel Garros, Katelynn Crick, Bodil M K Larsen
BACKGROUND: Patients admitted to pediatric intensive care units (PICUs) often experience prolonged periods without nutrition support, which may result in hospital-induced malnutrition and longer length of stay. Nurse-driven feeding protocols have been developed to prevent unnecessary interruptions or delays to nutrition support. The primary objective of this study was to identify compliance and reasons for noncompliance to a feeding protocol at a tertiary care hospital PICU in Canada...
February 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191539/management-of-hospitalized-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients
#6
Juan José Marín-Peñalver, Iciar Martín-Timón, Francisco Javier Del Cañizo-Gómez
Both hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia in hospitalized patients are associated with adverse outcomes including increased rates of infection, longer hospital length of stay, and even death. Clinical trials in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus proved that by improving glycemic control, we can reduce all of them. Insulin is the preferred treatment for glycemic control in most cases, but alternative treatment options that can normalize blood glucose levels without hypoglycemia are being sought. Moreover, hospitalized patients are particularly vulnerable to severe, prolonged hypoglycemia since they may be unable to sense or respond to the early warning signs and symptoms of low blood glucose...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Translational Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191325/management-of-esophageal-burns-caused-by-caustic-ingestion-a-case-report
#7
Bita Shahbazzadegan, Mehdi Samadzadeh, Iraj Feizi, Yousef Shafaiee
INTRODUCTION: Domestic and industrial swallowing of caustic substances can cause acute and chronic injuries. In the acute phase of care, focus is on the immediate control of tissue damage and perforation, and in the chronic phase, the focus is on the treatment of pharyngeal narrowing and impaired swallowing. CASE PRESENTATION: The patients of this report were an 18-year-old man and a 20-year-old woman, who had esophageal burns after ingesting chemicals, and for solving their nutritional problems, such as difficulty in swallowing, they had underwent surgery...
November 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188037/determinants-of-outcomes-in-patients-with-simple-gastroschisis
#8
Fouad Youssef, Jean-Martin Laberge, Pramod Puligandla, Sherif Emil
PURPOSE: We analyzed the determinants of outcomes in simple gastroschisis (GS) not complicated by intestinal atresia, perforation, or necrosis. METHODS: All simple GS patients enrolled in a national prospective registry from 2005 to 2013 were studied. Patients below the median for total parenteral nutrition (TPN) duration (26days) and hospital stay (34days) were compared to those above. Univariate and multivariate logistic and linear regression analyses were employed using maternal, patient, postnatal, and treatment variables...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187812/family-discussions-on-life-sustaining-interventions-in-neurocritical-care
#9
M M Adil, D Larriviere
Approximately 20% of all deaths in the USA occur in the intensive care unit (ICU) and the majority of ICU deaths involves decision of de-escalation of life-sustaining interventions. Life-sustaining interventions may include intubation and mechanical ventilation, artificial nutrition and hydration, antibiotic treatment, brain surgery, or vasoactive support. Decision making about goals of care can be defined as an end-of-life communication and the decision-making process between a clinician and a patient (or a surrogate decision maker if the patient is incapable) in an institutional setting to establish a plan of care...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187700/long-term-body-mass-index-trends-after-living-donor-nephrectomy
#10
Christopher J Dru, Gerhard J Fuchs
OBJECTIVES: As the demand for kidney transplant allografts has increased, many centers are expanding the upper limit of acceptable body mass index for kidney donors. However, obesity is a risk factor for developing renal disease. Our goal was to quantify body mass index trends in donor nephrectomy patients and to institute nutrition counseling to promote sustainable weight loss to reduce the risk of metabolic syndrome-derived renal dysfunction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety patients who underwent donor nephrectomy between 2007 and 2012 consented to having height and weight data collected at multiple time points...
February 11, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187076/nutritional-status-as-an-adjunct-risk-factor-for-early-postoperative-complications-following-posterior-cervical-fusion
#11
Nathan J Lee, Parth Kothari, Jun S Kim, Kevin Phan, John Di Capua, John Shin, Samuel K Cho
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study on prospectively collected data. OBJECTIVE: To study the impact of nutritional status, as measured by serum albumin level, on patient outcomes following posterior cervical fusion (PCF) surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Malnutrition is a potential modifiable risk factor that has garnered an increasing amount attention within orthopedics in recent years. There is evidence to suggest the role of nutritional status in lumbar and ACDF surgery, yet the data for PCF is still lacking...
February 9, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185632/risk-factors-and-outcomes-of-tapering-surgery-for-small-intestinal-dilatation-in-pediatric-short-bowel-syndrome
#12
Maria Hukkinen, Reetta Kivisaari, Antti Koivusalo, Mikko P Pakarinen
BACKGROUND: In remains unclear why in some short bowel syndrome (SBS) patients, the remaining small bowel (SB) dilates excessively leading to requirement of tapering surgery. METHODS: Among SBS children, we retrospectively analyzed risk factors for tapering surgery with logistic regression and compared the outcome of operated patients (n=16) to those managed conservatively (n=44) with Cox proportional hazards regression. RESULTS: SBS was caused by necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) (n=31), SB atresia (SBA) (n=13), midgut volvulus (n=12), or gastroschisis (n=4)...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185151/prevalence-of-anemia-in-subjects-randomized-into-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-or-sleeve-gastrectomy
#13
Karim G Kheniser, Sangeeta R Kashyap, Philip R Schauer, Eddie T C Lam, Emily S Kullman
PURPOSE: Although bariatric surgery fosters heightened excess weight loss values, nutritional deficiencies are prominent; one of the most common being iron deficiency anemia. The purpose is to elucidate the frequency of anemia in Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted, in subjects (N = 100) diagnosed with type II diabetes who were randomized into sleeve gastrectomy or Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and intensive medical therapy...
February 9, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183318/comparison-of-multi-modal-early-oral-nutrition-for-the-tolerance-of-oral-nutrition-with-conventional-care-after-major-abdominal-surgery-a-prospective-randomized-single-blind-trial
#14
Da-Li Sun, Wei-Ming Li, Shu-Min Li, Yun-Yun Cen, Qing-Wen Xu, Yi-Jun Li, Yan-Bo Sun, Yu-Xing Qi, Yue-Ying Lin, Ting Yang, Qi-Ping Lu, Peng-Yuan Xu
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Early oral nutrition (EON) has been shown to improve recovery of gastrointestinal function, length of stay and mortality after abdominal surgery; however, early oral nutrition often fails during the first week after surgery. Here, a multi-modal early oral nutrition program is introduced to promote recovery of gastrointestinal function and tolerance of oral nutrition. METHODS: Consecutive patients scheduled for abdominal surgery were randomized to the multimodal EON group or a group receiving conventional care...
February 10, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179325/the-preoperative-controlling-nutritional-status-score-predicts-survival-after-curative-surgery-in-patients-with-pathological-stage-i-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#15
Fumihiro Shoji, Naoki Haratake, Takaki Akamine, Shinkichi Takamori, Masakazu Katsura, Kazuki Takada, Gouji Toyokawa, Tatsuro Okamoto, Yoshihiko Maehara
BACKGROUND: The prognostic Controlling Nutritional Status (CONUT) score is used to evaluate immuno-nutritional conditions and is a predictive factor of postoperative survival in patients with digestive tract cancer. We retrospectively analyzed clinicopathological features of patients with pathological stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) to identify predictors or prognostic factors of postoperative survival and to investigate the role of preoperative CONUT score in predicting survival...
2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175991/spontaneous-cerebrospinal-fluid-leaks-in-the-anterior-skull-base-secondary-to-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension
#16
Gabriel Martínez-Capoccioni, Ramón Serramito-García, Maria Martín-Bailón, Alfredo García-Allut, Carlos Martín-Martín
Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks represent a clinical entity in which CSF rhinorrhea occurs in the absence of any inciting event. Spontaneous CSF leaks are associated with elevated intracranial pressure (ICP) or have underlying idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). We report a cohort of patients who have undergone nasal endoscopic repair for spontaneous CSF leaks. We review our perioperative complications and the effectiveness of the nasal endoscopic approach to repair spontaneous CSF leaks...
February 7, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175065/p413-exclusive-enteral-nutrition-provides-an-effective-bridge-to-safer-interval-elective-surgery-for-crohn-s-disease
#17
N Heerasing, B Thompson, P Hendy, G Heap, G Walker, R Bethune, C Calvert, N Kennedy, T Ahmad, J Goodhand
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174485/prognostic-nutritional-index-is-an-independent-prognostic-factor-for-gastric-cancer-patients-with-peritoneal-dissemination
#18
Runcong Nie, Shuqiang Yuan, Shi Chen, Xiaojiang Chen, Yongming Chen, Baoyan Zhu, Haibo Qiu, Zhiwei Zhou, Junsheng Peng, Yingbo Chen
OBJECTIVE: The predictive and prognostic role of prognostic nutritional index (PNI) in gastric cancer patients with peritoneal dissemination remains unclear. This study aims to explore the role of the PNI in predicting outcomes of gastric cancer patients with peritoneal dissemination. METHODS: A total of 660 patients diagnosed with gastric adenocarcinoma with peritoneal metastasis between January 2000 and April 2014 at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center and the Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University were retrospectively analyzed...
December 2016: Chinese Journal of Cancer Research, Chung-kuo Yen Cheng Yen Chiu
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174231/should-bariatric-surgery-be-performed-in-adolescents
#19
REVIEW
Andrew J Beamish, Thomas Reinehr
Adolescent obesity has markedly increased worldwide in both its extent and prevalence in recent decades and obesity prevention strategies are failing. As a result, effective treatment strategies are urgently needed. As behavioral and pharmacological treatment approaches have only moderate effects in severe obesity, bariatric surgery has begun to emerge as a treatment option. In this debate article, we offer arguments opposing and supporting bariatric surgery in the treatment of severe obesity in adolescents...
April 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173966/nutrition-interventions-in-patients-with-gynecological-cancers-requiring-surgery
#20
Andreas Obermair, Marko Simunovic, Liz Isenring, Monika Janda
OBJECTIVE: Including developing countries, between 20 and 88% of gynecological oncology patients may present with at least mild malnutrition at diagnosis. Significant morbidity and mortality is attributed to malnutrition. Here we reviewed randomized clinical trials of nutritional interventions used to achieve early return to oral diet, enhance recovery from surgery and reduce adverse events in gynecological cancer patients undergoing surgery. METHODS: Ebscohost (CINAHL+Medline+PsycINFO), Cochrane, Embase, PubMed and Scopus databases were searched for articles published from 2000 onwards...
February 4, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
keyword
keyword
88685
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"