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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344413/evaluation-of-some-heavy-metals-residues-in-batteries-and-deep-litter-rearing-systems-in-japanese-quail-meat-and-offal-in-egypt
#1
Ali M Ahmed, Dalia M Hamed, Nagwa T Elsharawy
AIM: The main objectives of this study were for comparing the effect of batteries and deep litter rearing systems of domesticated Japanese quail, Coturnix coturnix japonica, on the concentration levels of cadmium, copper, lead, and zinc from the quail meat and offal in Ismailia, Egypt. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 40 quail meat and their offal samples were randomly collected from two main quail rearing systems: Battery (Group I) and deep litter system (Group II) for determination of concentration levels of cadmium, copper, lead, and zinc...
February 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343801/impact-of-therapeutic-food-compared-to-oral-nutritional-supplements-on-nutritional-outcomes-in-mildly-underweight-healthy-children-in-a-low-medium-income-society
#2
Sadia Fatima, Dalia Malkova, Charlotte Wright, Konstantinos Gerasimidis
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Therapeutic foods (RUTF) are used to treat severe acute malnutrition in children 5 years and under in low and middle income countries (LMI), while liquid nutritional supplements (ONS) are used in affluent societies. With globalisation and economic growth in LMI, there will be an inclination to move towards practices applied in affluent countries. This study compared the effect of supplementation with a RUTF and an ONS, on nutritional outcomes in mildly underweight children...
March 16, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343620/vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-g1612a-rs10434-gene-polymorphism-and-neuropsychiatric-manifestations-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-patients
#3
Sherif Taha, Sherif Mohammed Gamal, Mohamed Nabil, Nahla Naeem, Dalia Labib, Ibrahim Siam, Tamer Atef Gheita
AIM: To investigate the relation between vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) gene polymorphism in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients and lupus related neuropsychiatric manifestations. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixty adult SLE patients recruited from the Rheumatology and Neurology departments of Cairo University hospitals were classified into two groups; Group A: 30 patients with neuropsychiatric manifestations (NPSLE) and Group B: 30 patients without...
March 2017: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337218/effect-of-transplantation-of-bone-marrow-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-and-platelets-rich-plasma-on-experimental-model-of-radiation-induced-oral-mucosal-injury-in-albino-rats
#4
Basma Elsaadany, Samar El Kholy, Dalia El Rouby, Laila Rashed, Tarek Shouman
Normal tissue damage following radiotherapy is still a major problem in cancer treatment. Therefore, the current work aimed at exploring the possible role of systemically injected bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) and/or locally injected platelet rich plasma (PRP) in ameliorating the side effects of ionizing radiation on the rat's tongue. Twelve rats served as control group (N) and 48 rats received a single radiation dose of 13 Gy to the head and neck region; then, they were equally divided into 4 experimental groups: irradiated only (C), irradiated + MSCs (S), irradiated + (PRP) (P), and combined group (PS)...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333724/a-beacon-in-the-labyrinth-of-the-indian-health-service
#5
Dalia Sofer
The success of a diabetes program offers hope.
April 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319601/effectiveness-of-double-balloon-enteroscopy-facilitated-polypectomy-in-paediatric-patients-with-peutz-jeghers-syndrome
#6
Dalia Belsha, Arun Urs, Thomas Attard, Mike Thomson
BACKGROUND: Sizable small-bowel (SB) polyps in Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) pose a high risk for intussusception, often necessitating laparotomy and intraoperative-enteroscopy (IOE). This series examines the effectiveness of double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE) facilitated polypectomy for pediatric patients with PJS. METHODS: Prospective analysis of collected data (6 years) on all patients with PJS referred for DBE-facilitated SB polypectomy at a pediatric tertiary-referral center...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318688/impact-of-phenylketonuria-type-meal-on-appetite-thermic-effect-of-feeding-and-postprandial-fat-oxidation
#7
Hani Alfheeaid, Konstantinos Gerasimidis, Ana-Maria Năstase, Mie Elhauge, Barbara Cochrane, Dalia Malkova
BACKGROUND: Dietary management of phenylketonuria (PKU) requires the replacement of natural protein-containing foods with special low protein foods. The effect of a PKU type diet on factors contributing to energy balance requires investigation. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of a PKU type meal on appetite ratings, gut appetite hormones, thermic effect of feeding (TEF) and fat oxidation. METHODS: Twenty-three healthy adults (mean ± SD age: 24...
March 8, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317327/a-research-agenda-for-moving-early-medical-pregnancy-termination-over-the-counter
#8
REVIEW
Nathalie Kapp, Daniel Grossman, Emily Jackson, Laura Castleman, Dalia Brahmi
Given the overall safety profile and increasing availability of medical pregnancy termination drugs, we asked: would the mifepristone-misoprostol regimen for medical termination at ≤10 weeks gestation meet U.S. FDA regulatory criteria for over-the-counter (OTC) approval, and if not, what are the present research gaps? We conducted a literature review of consumer behaviors necessary for a successful OTC application for medical termination ≤10 weeks and identified crucial research gaps. If we were to embark on a development program for OTC or more generally, self-use of medical termination, the critical elements missing are the label comprehension, self -selection and actual use studies...
March 19, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315777/appetite-disorders-in-cancer-patients-impact-on-nutritional-status-and-quality-of-life
#9
David E Barajas Galindo, Alfonso Vidal-Casariego, Alicia Calleja-Fernández, Ana Hernández-Moreno, Begoña Pintor de la Maza, Manuela Pedraza-Lorenzo, María Asunción Rodríguez-García, Dalia María Ávila-Turcios, Miran Alejo-Ramos, Rocío Villar-Taibo, Ana Urioste-Fondo, Isidoro Cano-Rodríguez, María D Ballesteros-Pomar
Cancer patients are at high risk of malnutrition due to several symptoms such as lack of appetite. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of different appetite disorders in cancer patients and their influence on dietary intake, nutritional status, and quality of life. We conducted a cross-sectional study of cancer patients at risk of malnutrition. Nutritional status was studied using Subjective Global Assessment, anthropometry, and grip strength. Dietary intake was evaluated with a 24-h recall, and patients were questioned about the presence of changes in appetite (none, anorexia, early satiety, or both)...
March 16, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315341/low-doses-of-tizanidine-synergize-the-anti-nociceptive-and-anti-inflammatory-effects-of-ketorolac-or-naproxen-while-reducing-of-side-effects
#10
Selene I Patiño-Camacho, Myrna Déciga-Campos, Karla Beltrán-Villalobos, Dalia A Castro-Vidal, Rosa M Montiel-Ruiz, Francisco J Flores-Murrieta
The aim of the present study was to determine whether tizanidine, an alpha2-adrenoceptor agonist, is able to increase the anti-inflammatory and anti-nociceptive effects of naproxen and ketorolac with a low incidence of gastric injury and spontaneous activity in rats. The anti-inflammatory effect was assayed in a carrageenan test, and oral administration of tizanidine (ED40 = 0.94 ± 0.2mg/kg), naproxen (ED40 = 3.18 ± 0.4mg/kg), and ketorolac (ED40 = 16.4 ± 1.9mg/kg) showed a dose-dependent effect on inflammation...
March 14, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299646/hyperlipidemia-alters-the-pharmacokinetics-of-posaconazole-and-vincristine-upon-co-administration-in-rats
#11
Hadeel A Khalil, Mohammed A W ElKhatib, Tarek S Belal, Ahmed F El-Yazbi, Dalia A Hamdy
OBJECTIVES: Co-administration of posaconazole (PSZ) and vincristine (VCR) in the treatment of patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia increases the neurotoxicity of VCR. Our aim is to study the effect of increased lipoprotein levels on the pharmacokinetics of PSZ and VCR upon co-administration in rats. METHODS: Rats were assigned to three groups, normolipidemic (NL), intermediate hyperlipidemic (IHL), and extreme hyperlipidemic (HL) groups. All rats were administered PSZ orally followed by VCR intravenously 4 h later...
March 15, 2017: Drugs in R&D
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289399/auditory-and-vestibular-evoked-potentials-correlate-with-motor-and-non-motor-features-of-parkinson-s-disease
#12
Ali Soliman Shalash, Dalia Mohamed Hassan, Hanan Hani Elrassas, Mohamed Mosaad Salama, Edna Méndez-Hernández, José M Salas-Pacheco, Oscar Arias-Carrión
Degeneration of several brainstem nuclei has been long related to motor and non-motor symptoms (NMSs) of Parkinson's disease (PD). Nevertheless, due to technical issues, there are only a few studies that correlate that association. Brainstem auditory-evoked potential (BAEP) and vestibular-evoked myogenic potential (VEMP) responses represent a valuable tool for brainstem assessment. Here, we investigated the abnormalities of BAEPs, ocular VEMPs (oVEMPs), and cervical VEMPs (cVEMPs) in patients with PD and its correlation to the motor and NMSs...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288979/crebbp-loss-cooperates-with-bcl2-over-expression-to-promote-lymphoma-in-mice
#13
Idoia García-Ramírez, Saber Tadros, Inés González-Herrero, Alberto Martín-Lorenzo, Guillermo Rodríguez-Hernández, Dalia Moore, Lucía Ruiz-Roca, Oscar Blanco, Diego Alonso-López, Javier De Las Rivas, Keenan Hartert, Romain Duval, David Klinkebiel, Martin Bast, Julie Vose, Matthew Lunning, Kai Fu, Timothy Greiner, Fernando Rodrigues-Lima, Rafael Jiménez, Francisco Javier García Criado, María Begoña García Cenador, Paul Brindle, Carolina Vicente-Dueñas, Ash Alizadeh, Isidro Sánchez-García, Michael R Green
CREBBP is targeted by inactivating mutations in follicular lymphoma (FL) and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Here, we provide evidence from transgenic mouse models that Crebbp deletion results in deficits in B-cell development and can cooperate with Bcl2 over-expression to promote B-cell lymphoma. Through transcriptional and epigenetic profiling of these B-cells we found that Crebbp inactivation was associated with broad transcriptional alterations, but no changes in the patterns of histone acetylation at the proximal regulatory regions of these genes...
March 13, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288299/comparison-between-positive-dental-images-and-neutral-images-in-managing-anticipatory-anxiety-of-children
#14
Dalia O Kamel, Nadia A Wahba, Dalia M Talaat
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of positive images versus neutral images on child behavior during dental treatment and their dental anxiety after dental treatment. STUDY DESIGN: Sixty, 4 to 6 year old healthy pediatric dental patients, indicated for pulpotomy and stainless steel crown restorations, were divided randomly into two equal groups. Group I (experimental group viewed positive dental images and group II (control group) viewed neutral cartoon images prior to treatment...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287139/stage-specific-nonlinear-surface-ozone-damage-to-rice-production-in-china
#15
Colin A Carter, Xiaomeng Cui, Aijun Ding, Dalia Ghanem, Fei Jiang, Fujin Yi, Funing Zhong
China is one of the most heavily polluted nations and is also the largest agricultural producer. There are relatively few studies measuring the effects of pollution on crop yields in China, and most are based on experiments or simulation methods. We use observational data to study the impact of increased air pollution (surface ozone) on rice yields in Southeast China. We examine nonlinearities in the relationship between rice yields and ozone concentrations and find that an additional day with a maximum ozone concentration greater than 120 ppb is associated with a yield loss of 1...
March 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286804/bacterial-superantigen-toxins-induce-a-lethal-cytokine-storm-by-enhancing-b7-2-cd28-costimulatory-receptor-engagement-a-critical-immune-checkpoint
#16
Raymond Kaempfer, Andrey Popugailo, Revital Levy, Gila Arad, Dalia Hillman, Ziv Rotfogel
Formation of the costimulatory axis between the B7-2 and CD28 coreceptors is critical for T-cell activation. Superantigens, Gram-positive bacterial virulence factors, cause toxic shock and sepsis by hyperinducing inflammatory cytokines. We report a novel role for costimulatory receptors CD28 and B7-2 as obligatory receptors for superantigens, rendering them therapeutic targets. We show that by engaging not only CD28 but also its coligand B7-2 directly, superantigens potently enhance the interaction between B7-2 and CD28, inducing thereby T-cell hyperactivation...
2017: Receptors & Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282690/risk-factors-for-inadequate-bowel-preparation-a-validated-predictive-score
#17
Antonio Z Gimeno-García, Jose Luis Baute, Goretti Hernandez, Dalia Morales, Carmen Delia Gonzalez-Pérez, David Nicolás-Pérez, Onofre Alarcon-Fernández, Alejandro Jiménez, Manuel Hernandez-Guerra, Rafael Romero, Inmaculada Alonso, Yanira Gonzalez, Zaida Adrian, Marta Carrillo, Laura Ramos, Enrique Quintero
Background and study aim Inadequate bowel cleansing negatively affects the efficiency of colonoscopy in routine clinical practice. The aim of this study was to design and validate a predictive model for inadequate bowel cleanliness. Patients and methods The model was built from 667 consecutive outpatients (development cohort) who were prospectively scheduled for colonoscopy between June and September 2014. The validation cohort included 409 outpatients who underwent colonoscopy between October and December 2014...
March 10, 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280776/assessing-physicochemical-properties-of-drug-molecules-via-microsolvation-measurements-with-differential-mobility-spectrometry
#18
Chang Liu, J C Yves Le Blanc, Bradley B Schneider, Jefry Shields, James J Federico, Hui Zhang, Justin G Stroh, Gregory W Kauffman, Daniel W Kung, Christian Ieritano, Evan Shepherdson, Mitch Verbuyst, Luke Melo, Moaraj Hasan, Dalia Naser, John S Janiszewski, W Scott Hopkins, J Larry Campbell
The microsolvated state of a molecule, represented by its interactions with only a small number of solvent molecules, can play a key role in determining the observable bulk properties of the molecule. This is especially true in cases where strong local hydrogen bonding exists between the molecule and the solvent. One method that can probe the microsolvated states of charged molecules is differential mobility spectrometry (DMS), which rapidly interrogates an ion's transitions between a solvated and desolvated state in the gas phase (i...
February 22, 2017: ACS Central Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268757/transferring-knowledge-during-dyadic-interaction-the-role-of-the-expert-in-the-learning-process
#19
Edwin Johnatan Avila Mireles, Dalia De Santis, Pietro Morasso, Jacopo Zenzeri
Physical interaction between man and machines is increasing the interest of the research as well as the industrial community. It is known that physical coupling between active persons can be beneficial and increase the performance of the dyad compared to an individual. However, the factors that may result in performance benefits are still poorly understood. The aim of this work is to investigate how the different initial skill levels of the interacting partners influence the learning of a stabilization task...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262306/immunohistochemical-analysis-of-pten-her2-neu-and-ki67-expression-in-patients-with-gastric-cancer-and-their-association-with-survival
#20
Dalia M Badary, Mostafa E Abdel-Wanis, Mohamed Z Hafez, Noha A Aboulhagag
BACKGROUND: Considering the poor prognosis of patients with gastric cancer, molecular diagnostic and prognostic markers for this cancer should be established. The aims of our study were to assess the correlations between PTEN, HER2/neu, and Ki67 expressions and clinicopathological factors of gastric cancer patients in upper Egypt, as well as their influence on OS and DFS. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this descriptive-analytic study, 42 patients with gastric carcinoma treated by postioerative chemoradiation between 2004 and 2014...
February 24, 2017: Pathophysiology: the Official Journal of the International Society for Pathophysiology
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