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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226297/neck-muscle-fatigue-differentially-alters-scapular-and-humeral-kinematics-during-humeral-elevation-in-subclinical-neck-pain-participants-versus-healthy-controls
#1
Mahboobeh Zabihhosseinian, Michael W R Holmes, Samuel Howarth, Brad Ferguson, Bernadette Murphy
BACKGROUND: Scapular orientation is highly dependent on axioscapular muscle function. This study examined the impact of neck muscle fatigue on scapular and humeral kinematics in participants with and without subclinical neck pain (SCNP) during humeral elevation. METHODS: Ten SCNP and 10 control participants performed three unconstrained trials of dominant arm humeral elevation in the scapular plane to approximately 120 degrees before and after neck extensor muscle fatigue...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217661/winged-scapula-caused-by-rhomboid-paralysis-a-case-report
#2
Maria Grazia Benedetti, Alessandro Zati, Silvia Bonfiglioli Stagni, Isabella Fusaro, Roberta Monesi, Roberto Rotini
Scapular winging secondary to dorsal scapular nerve (DSN) damage is an underestimated condition. It is often caused by entrapment of the nerve due to a hypertrophic middle scalene muscle, or by stretching of the DSN during traumatic movements. The condition has also been attributed to myofascial pain syndrome of the rhomboids with entrapment of the DSN. The non-specific symptomatology reported by patients is often incorrectly diagnosed, and this can result in a high level of disability of the upper limb. A clinical case of misdiagnosed dorsal scapula entrapment is presented...
October 2016: Joints
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208991/effect-of-thoracic-correction-exercises-in-upper-body-dysfunction-of-94-year-old-male-participant-a-case-report
#3
P Senthil, S Sudhakar, R Radhakrishnan
The case report has been presented to show the effects of thoracic correction exercises on flexed posture in older men with upper body dysfunction using posture analysis software and pectoralis minor muscle length test. The present case is that of a 94-year-old male. He was guided for a specific thoracic correction exercises for 12 weeks. The program included breathing correction, thorax mobility, scapular stability and passive stretching of Pectoralis major and minor, performed thrice a week, 30 min each session, for 12 weeks...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208959/secondary-aneurysmal-bone-cyst-of-the-scapula-treated-by-ct-guided-percutaneous-polidocanol-injection-a-case-report
#4
Rahul Mohan, Gopakumar Thanuvan Sreekumaran
Aneurysmal Bone Cyst (ABC) is a rare benign tumour, usually affecting early age group and at the metaphysis of long bones. Scapular ABC's are even more rare, especially successfully treated cases. Standard treatment methods like curettage have high recurrence rates hence, adjuvant therapy may be required to avoid recurrence. Polidocanol sclerotherapy is becoming popular because of its safety and efficacy and is being tried successfully for both active as well as aggressive primary ABC of size 3-5cm. We used the same principle in a large secondary ABC of the scapula, which to the best of our knowledge has not been yet reported...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197849/effect-of-myofascial-techniques-for-treatment-of-upper-limb-dysfunctions-in-breast-cancer-survivors-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
An De Groef, Marijke Van Kampen, Nele Verlvoesem, Evi Dieltjens, Lore Vos, Tessa De Vrieze, Marie-Rose Christiaens, Patrick Neven, Inge Geraerts, Nele Devoogdt
PURPOSE: Besides pain, myofascial dysfunctions may contribute to the presence of upper limb impairments such as impaired range of motion, decreased strength, lymphedema, and altered postures and kinematics. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of myofascial therapy in addition to a standard physical therapy program for treatment of upper limb dysfunctions in breast cancer survivors. METHODS: Fifty women treated for a unilateral breast cancer with pain and myofascial dysfunctions at the upper limb region...
February 14, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194289/an-interesting-case-of-intramuscular-myxoma-with-scapular-bone-lysis
#6
Jérôme Tirefort, Frank C Kolo, Alexandre Lädermann
Introduction. Intramuscular myxoma is a rare benign primitive tumor of the mesenchyme founded at the skeletal muscle level; it presents itself like an unpainful, slow-growing mass. Myxomas with bone lysis are even more rare; only 7 cases have been reported in the English literature, but never at the shoulder level. Case Presentation. We describe an 83-year-old patient with a growing mass in the deltoid muscle with unique scapular lysis, without any symptom. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and a biopsy were performed and the diagnosis of intramuscular myxoma has been retained...
2017: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183337/the-added-value-of-kinematic-evaluation-of-the-timed-finger-to-nose-test-in-persons-post-stroke
#7
Gudrun M Johansson, Helena Grip, Mindy F Levin, Charlotte K Häger
BACKGROUND: Upper limb coordination in persons post-stroke may be estimated by the commonly used Finger-to-Nose Test (FNT), which is also part of the Fugl-Meyer Assessment. The total movement time (TMT) is used as a clinical outcome measure, while kinematic evaluation also enables an objective quantification of movement quality and motor performance. Our aims were to kinematically characterize FNT performance in persons post-stroke and controls and to investigate the construct validity of the test in persons with varying levels of impairment post-stroke...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169137/shoulder-horizontal-abduction-stretching-effectively-increases-shear-elastic-modulus-of-pectoralis-minor-muscle
#8
Jun Umehara, Masatoshi Nakamura, Kosuke Fujita, Ken Kusano, Satoru Nishishita, Kojiro Araki, Hiroki Tanaka, Ko Yanase, Noriaki Ichihashi
BACKGROUND: Stretching maneuvers for the pectoralis minor muscle, which involve shoulder horizontal abduction or scapular retraction, are performed in clinical and sports settings because the tightness of this muscle may contribute to scapular dyskinesis. The effectiveness of stretching maneuvers for the pectoralis minor muscle is unclear in vivo. The purpose of this study was to verify the effectiveness of stretching maneuvers for the pectoralis minor muscle in vivo using ultrasonic shear wave elastography...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167304/age-related-changes-in-morphology-and-function-of-scapular-muscles-in-asymptomatic-people
#9
Shuhei Morise, Takayuki Muraki, Hiroaki Ishikawa, Shin-Ichi Izumi
BACKGROUND: Aging is a contributing factor to rotator cuff tears. Dysfunction of the scapular muscles can be a potential cause of rotator cuff tears. Although aging can contribute to dysfunction of the scapular muscles, and subsequently result in rotator cuff tears, the effects of aging on scapular muscles are unclear. OBJECTIVE: To determine changes in sizes and electromyographic activities of the scapular muscles with age in asymptomatic subjects. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study PATIENTS: Fifty-four asymptomatic subjects without shoulder pain and dysfunction (18 males and 36 females) were recruited for this study...
February 3, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167194/increased-strength-of-the-scapular-stabilizer-and-lumbar-muscles-after-twelve-weeks-of-pilates-training-using-the-reformer-machine-a-pilot-study
#10
Núbia Tomain Otoni Dos Santos, Karoline Cipriano Raimundo, Sheila Aparecida da Silva, Lara Andrade Souza, Karoline Carregal Ferreira, Zuleika Ferreira Borges Santo Urbano, Andréa Licre Pessina Gasparini, Dernival Bertoncello
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to analyze muscle strength in Pilates novices who used the Reformer equipment during twelve training sessions. METHODS: Twenty-four healthy young female volunteers, who were non-smokers and did not exercise regularly, were split into a control group (mean age 28 ± 4 years and BMI 24.55 ± 3.21 kg/m(2)) and a training group (mean age 29 ± 4 years and BMI 22.69 ± 2.87 kgm(2)). The data were checked for normality using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, and were then analyzed using the t-test (p < 0...
January 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167190/change-of-pectoralis-minor-length-and-acromial-distance-during-scapular-retraction-at-60%C3%A2-shoulder-elevation
#11
Nitaya Viriyatharakij, Chatchada Chinkulprasert, Navarat Rakthim, Jetjaree Patumrat, Butsarin Ketruang
As the pectoralis minor muscle is inserted into the coracoid process, an improper length of this muscle would affect scapular and shoulder motions. Therefore, this study is proposed to assess the effects on pectoralis minor's length and acromial distance after active scapular retraction in scaption at 60° elevation. Sixty right-hand-dominant participants (11 males, 49 females) were randomized into an intervention group and a control group. The intervention group performed pectoralis minor muscle stretching by active scapular retraction, while the control group were asked to sit in an upright position...
January 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160364/peripheral-nerve-stimulation-of-brachial-plexus-nerve-roots-and-supra-scapular-nerve-for-chronic-refractory-neuropathic-pain-of-the-upper-limb
#12
Bénédicte Bouche, Marie Manfiotto, Philippe Rigoard, Jean Lemarie, Véronique Dix-Neuf, Michel Lanteri-Minet, Denys Fontaine
OBJECTIVES: We report the outcome of a consecutive series of 26 patients suffering from chronic medically-refractory neuropathic pain of the upper limb (including 16 patients with complex regional pain syndrome), topographically limited, treated by brachial plexus (BP) nerve roots or supra-scapular nerve (SSN) peripheral nerve stimulation (PNS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The technique consisted in ultrasound-guided percutaneous implantation of a cylindrical lead (Pisces-Quad, Medtronic) close to the SSN or the cervical nerve roots within the BP, depending on the pain topography...
February 3, 2017: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159680/long-term-results-of-letournel-scapulothoracic-fusion-in-facioscapulohumeral-muscular-dystrophy-a-retrospective-study-of-eight-cases
#13
Malo Le Hanneur, Yann Saint-Cast
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate long-term radio-clinical outcome in scapulothoracic fusion using the Letournel technique (where the fourth rib is passed through the wing of the scapula and cerclage wires are tightened to the two ribs below) for patients suffering from facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHMD), a degenerative pathology affecting scapula-stabilizing muscles, leading to scapular winging, shoulder pain and restricted shoulder abduction and flexion, despite a functional deltoid muscle...
January 31, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159479/epithelioid-hemangioma-of-the-scapula-treated-with-chemoembolization-and-microwave-ablation-%C3%AE-case-report
#14
Konstantinos Tsikopoulos, Evangelos Perdikakis, Dimitrios Georgiannos, Ilias Bisbinas
Bone epithelioid hemangiomas are classified within benign vascular tumours but are commonly misdiagnosed as low-grade angiosarcomas or epithelioid hemangioendotheliomas. Current therapeutic interventions include various treatment options but local recurrence or distal lymph node involvement has been reported. We report a rare case of scapular epithelioid hemangioma that was initially treated using a combination of chemoembolization and microwave ablation. This combination has not been previously reported in the literature regarding the management of this tumour...
January 31, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153683/supraspinatus-muscle-occupation-ratio-predicts-rotator-cuff-reparability
#15
Jeung Yeol Jeong, Pill Ku Chung, Sang Min Lee, Jae Chul Yoo
BACKGROUND: We wished to determine the correlation between supraspinatus muscle occupation ratio and reparability of rotator cuff muscles and that of each occupation ratio with 1-muscle, 2-muscle, and 3-muscle rotator cuff injury. METHODS: We evaluated 170 patients (average age, 62.3 [40-83] years) with complete (type II) or incomplete (type III) rotator cuff repair by arthroscopy. Type II repair was defined as complete repair but less optimal coverage of the entire medial-lateral footprint...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149189/association-between-scapular-dyskinesia-and-shoulder-pain-in-young-adults
#16
Hugo Machado Sanchez, Eliane Gouveia DE Morais Sanchez, Larissa Ingreddy Tavares
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the position of the scapula and its influence on shoulder pain. METHODS: In this study, 30 sedentary young adults of both genders, aged 20-35 years were evaluated. The sample was divided into two groups with the same number of subjects, one group with shoulder pain and the other pain free. The analysis of the positioning of the scapula in six angles of shoulder abduction was taken 0º, 30º, 60º, 90º, 120º and 180º. RESULTS: Comparison the left and right scapular movements in males of the pain group, there was a significant difference at 30º (p = 0...
September 2016: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145949/histological-evidence-of-muscle-degeneration-in-advanced-human-rotator-cuff-disease
#17
Michael C Gibbons, Anshu Singh, Oke Anakwenze, Timothy Cheng, Maxwill Pomerantz, Simon Schenk, Adam J Engler, Samuel R Ward
BACKGROUND: Cellular remodeling in rotator cuff muscles following a massive rotator cuff tear is poorly understood. The aim of the current study was to provide histological evidence to elucidate the mode of muscle loss in advanced human rotator cuff disease and to assess tissue-level changes in relation to findings on noninvasive imaging. METHODS: Rotator cuff muscle biopsy samples were taken from the scapular fossae from 23 consecutive patients undergoing reverse total shoulder arthroplasty in order to evaluate muscle composition in severe rotator cuff disease...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144761/addition-of-the-apical-oblique-projection-increases-the-detection-of-acute-traumatic-shoulder-abnormalities-in-adults
#18
Kimberley J Ross, Grant R Tomkinson, Bonnie F McGregor, Oliver C Ayres, Diana Piscitelli
PURPOSE: Plain radiographic evaluation of acute shoulder trauma in adults requires a minimum of two projections, commonly the anteroposterior (AP) and lateral scapular projections, with additional projections taken for diagnosis. The aim of this retrospective study was to determine whether the addition of the apical oblique (AO) projection to the AP and lateral scapular projections increases the number and/or alters the types of abnormalities detected in the examination of acute shoulder trauma...
February 1, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144606/outcome-analysis-of-intra-articular-scapula-fracture-fixation-with-distal-radius-plate-a-multicenter-prospective-study
#19
Ranajit Panigrahi, Divya Madharia, Dibya Singha Das, Saswat Samant, Manas Ranjan Biswal
BACKGROUND: Scapula fractures occur in approximately 1% of all fractures and constitute about 3% - 5% of all injuries of the shoulder joint. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical outcomes of 20 surgically treated patients with displaced glenoid fractures after stabilization with distal radius plate. METHODS: Between 2012 and 2015, at 2 centers (HMCH & SHCE) of Bhubaneswar Odisha, we stabilized 20 scapular intra-articular fractures surgically with distal radius locking plate and studied the outcome of the surgeries...
December 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140349/reliability-of-3d-upper-limb-motion-analysis-in-children-with-obstetric-brachial-plexus-palsy
#20
Judy Mahon, Ailish Malone, Damien Kiernan, Dara Meldrum
: Kinematics, measured by 3D upper limb motion analysis (3D-ULMA), can potentially increase understanding of movement patterns by quantifying individual joint contributions. Reliability in children with obstetric brachial plexus palsy (OBPP) has not been established. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine between session reliability and measurement errors of 3D-ULMA using the acromion method (AM) in children with OBPP. APPROACH: Ten participants (mean 10 years, range 7-15 years, Narakas classification I-III) completed 3D-ULMA on two occasions, mean interval of 8...
January 31, 2017: Physiological Measurement
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