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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937422/placement-of-stimulating-epidural-catheter-for-a-patient-with-large-scapular-sarcoma-a-case-report
#1
James D Turner, Sean W Dobson, Robert S Weller, Christopher M Lack, Daryl S Henshaw
We report the use of continuous electrical stimulation to assist with the preoperative placement of a thoracic epidural which was used to provide postoperative analgesia in a patient undergoing excision of a large scapular sarcoma. The size of the sarcoma and the surrounding area required to maintain a sterile surgical field necessitated that the epidural catheter be inserted several vertebral interspaces caudal to the level of desired catheter tip termination. The use of electrical stimulation allowed for sequential intercostal muscle stimulation during threading, which enabled the placement of the catheter tip at the appropriate spinal level to optimize analgesia...
September 20, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934634/comparison-of-shoulder-strength-in-males-with-and-without-myofascial-trigger-points-in-the-upper-trapezius
#2
H A Kim, U J Hwang, S H Jung, S H Ahn, J H Kim, O Y Kwon
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted in order to compare the strength of scapular elevator and shoulder abductor with and without restricted scapular elevation between male subjects with and without myofascial trigger points in the upper trapezius. METHODS: In total, 15 male subjects with myofascial trigger points, and 15age- and weight-matched male subjects without myofascial trigger points in the upper trapezius. Each subject was measured in the strength of maximum isometric scapular elevation and shoulder abduction with and without restricted scapular elevation...
September 6, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932752/local-rhbmp-12-on-an-absorbable-collagen-sponge-as-an-adjuvant-therapy-for-rotator-cuff-repair-a-phase-1-randomized-standard-of-care-control-multicenter-study-part-2-a-pilot-study-of-functional-recovery-and-structural-outcomes
#3
Junji Ide, Yu Mochizuki, Arthur van Noort, Hiroshi Ochi, Sudhakar Sridharan, Eiji Itoi, Stefan Greiner
BACKGROUND: The high failure rate of rotator cuff repairs requires the development of methods to enhance healing at the tendon-bone junction of the repair site. PURPOSE: To assess functional recovery and structural outcomes in detail after implanting recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-12 (rhBMP-12)/absorbable collagen sponge (ACS) as adjuvant treatment during open rotator cuff repair in patients over a 1-year postoperative follow-up. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial; Level of evidence, 2...
September 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929007/the-postcranial-skeleton-of-boreogomphodon-cynodontia-traversodontidae-from-the-upper-triassic-of-north-carolina-usa-and-the-comparison-with-other-traversodontids
#4
Jun Liu, Vincent P Schneider, Paul E Olsen
Postcranial remains of Boreogomphodon from the Upper Triassic of North Carolina are described and compared to those of other known traversodontid cynodonts. The postcranial skeleton of Boreogomphodon is characterized by four sacral ribs, simple ribs lacking costal plates, the extension of the scapular neck below the acromion process, a short scapular facet on the procoracoid, a concave anterior margin of the procoracoid, humerus entepicondyle with smooth corner, and the presence of a fifth distal carpal. Four types of ribs are identified among traversodontids: 'normal' form, tubercular rib, costal plate, and Y-shaped rib...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928496/dorsal-scapular-nerve-neuropathy-a-narrative-review-of-the-literature
#5
Brad Muir
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is to elucidate this little known cause of upper back pain through a narrative review of the literature and to discuss the possible role of the dorsal scapular nerve (DSN) in the etiopathology of other similar diagnoses in this area including cervicogenic dorsalgia (CD), notalgia paresthetica (NP), SICK scapula and a posterolateral arm pain pattern. BACKGROUND: Dorsal scapular nerve (DSN) neuropathy has been a rarely thought of differential diagnosis for mid scapular, upper to mid back and costovertebral pain...
August 2017: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920546/blood-supply-and-vascularity-of-the-glenoid-labrum-its-clinical-implications
#6
Abduelmenem Alashkham, Abdulrahman Alraddadi, Paul Felts, Roger Soames
BACKGROUND: Tears of the glenoid labrum are common after dislocation of the glenohumeral joint. The outcome for healing or surgical reconstruction of the glenoid labrum relies on the extent of its vascularization. This study aims to evaluate the glenoid labrum blood supply and to determine its regional vascularity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 140 shoulders (30 male and 40 female cadavers) were examined: mean age 81.5 years, range 53-101 years. All blood vessels around the glenohumeral joint were dissected and recorded...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919494/shoulder-injury-in-water-polo-a-systematic-review-of-incidence-and-intrinsic-risk-factors
#7
REVIEW
Andrea H Miller, Kerrie Evans, Roger Adams, Gordon Waddington, Jeremy Witchalls
OBJECTIVES: Water polo is a popular water-based contact sport that involves swimming, throwing and defending. Cumulatively, these repetitive overhead activities are thought to increase the risk of shoulder injury and, subsequently to affect players' physical conditioning as well as team performance. The purpose of this review was to examine available evidence relating to shoulder injury rates and risk factors for shoulder injury in water polo. DESIGN: Systematic review METHODS: CINAHL, AUSPORT, Pubmed, Pedro and SPORTDiscus databases were searched for original research papers using the predefined terms ("water polo") AND (shoulder OR glenohumeral* OR arm OR "upper limb")...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915324/facioscapulohumeral-muscular-dystrophy
#8
Alec M DeSimone, Anna Pakula, Angela Lek, Charles P Emerson
Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy is a common form of muscular dystrophy that presents clinically with progressive weakness of the facial, scapular, and humeral muscles, with later involvement of the trunk and lower extremities. While typically inherited as autosomal dominant, facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) has a complex genetic and epigenetic etiology that has only recently been well described. The most prevalent form of the disease, FSHD1, is associated with the contraction of the D4Z4 microsatellite repeat array located on a permissive 4qA chromosome...
September 12, 2017: Comprehensive Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904847/correlation-between-scapular-asymmetry-and-differences-in-left-and-right-side-activity-of-muscles-adjacent-to-the-scapula
#9
Seong-Gil Kim
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze the correlation between scapular asymmetry in young female adults and differences in left and right side activity of muscles adjacent to the scapula. METHODS: This study included 60 female students from U university in Korea. In order to examine scapular asymmetry, the lateral scapular slide test (LSST) was used. The LSST was performed in 3 different postures (LSST-1, LSST-2, and LSST-3; i.e., 0°, 45°, and 90° of upper limb abduction, respectively)...
August 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904638/functional-outcomes-following-non-operative-versus-operative-treatment-of-clavicle-fractures-in-adolescents
#10
M M Herzog, R C Whitesell, L M Mac, M L Jackson, B A Culotta, J R Axelrod, M T Busch, S C Willimon
PURPOSE: Superiority of non-operative versus operative treatment of clavicle shaft fractures remains unclear. We aimed to assess shoulder function in adolescents following shortened clavicle fracture and compare operative versus non-operative treatment. METHODS: Patients aged 12 to 18 years at the time of fracture and minimum 1.5 years post injury were identified for this institutional review board (IRB)-approved study. For this retrospective cohort study, patients were frequency-matched for age, gender, shortening of the clavicle fracture and activity level...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894371/radiologic-findings-of-thoracic-trauma
#11
Cihan Akgul Ozmen, Serdar Onat, Delal Aycicek
INTRODUCTION: Chest trauma may be blunt or penetrating and the chest is the third most common trauma region. It is a significant cause of mortality. Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) has been an increasingly used method to evaluate chest trauma because of its high success in detecting tissue and organ injuries. Herein, we aimed to present MDCT findings in patients with blunt and penetrating chest trauma admitted to our department. METHODS: A total of 240 patients admitted to the emergency department of our hospital between April 2012 and July 2013 with a diagnosis of chest trauma who underwent MDCT evaluations were included...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893408/inflammatory-myopathy-associated-with-antimitochondrial-antibodies-a-distinct-phenotype-with-cardiac-involvement
#12
Jemima Albayda, Aamna Khan, Livia Casciola-Rosen, Andrea M Corse, Julie J Paik, Lisa Christopher-Stine
OBJECTIVE: In the context of clinical evaluations performed on our prospective myositis cohort, we noted a striking association of severe cardiac disease in myositis patients with antimitochondrial antibodies. We sought to review all cases of antimitochondrial antibody (AMA) associated myositis in our cohort to describe the clinical features of this disease subset. METHODS: We identified 7 patients with confirmed antimitochondrial antibodies who presented as an inflammatory myopathy...
June 13, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890749/salvage-operation-using-the-free-latissimus-dorsi-muscle-flap-for-necrosis-of-the-free-scapular-flap-after-harvesting-both-flaps-in-a-chimeric-pattern
#13
Naohiro Ishii, Shigeki Sakai, Kazuo Kishi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Eplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876163/concurrent-validity-of-inclinometer-measures-of-scapular-and-clavicular-positions-in-arm-elevation
#14
Paula R Camargo, Vandana Phadke, Gisele G Zanca, Paula M Ludewig
OBJECTIVE: To assess concurrent validity, between and within-day reliability of scapular and clavicular digital inclinometer measures. DESIGN: Test-retest and concurrent validity. SETTING: Laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-three participants with and without shoulder symptoms. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Static positions of scapular upward rotation, anterior/posterior tilting and clavicular elevation were measured between days with an inclinometer and compared to a 3-dimensional electromagnetic tracking system in different positions of sagittal plane humeral elevation (neutral, 30°, 60°, 90°, 120°)...
September 6, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867251/dorsal-plate-fixation-of-scapular-fracture
#15
REVIEW
Takashi Noguchi, James F Mautner, Scott F M Duncan
Scapular fractures are uncommon injuries. When they occur, they are usually treated nonsurgically. However, certain indications remain for operative intervention for the treatment of these injuries. In this article, we review some operative indications as well as the surgical technique. We present a case to demonstrate the indications and surgical technique of treatment. As with most surgical approaches, technique is critical to minimize morbidity and maximize functional outcome. Using these techniques, operative management of scapular fractures can be successful...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865836/reconstruction-of-neck-and-face-scar-contractures-using-occipito-cervico-dorsal-supercharged-super-thin-flaps-a-retrospective-analysis-of-82-cases-in-vietnam
#16
Vu Quang Vinh, Tran Van Anh, Nguyen Gia Tiên, Hiko Hyakusoku, Rei Ogawa
BACKGROUND: The concept of the "super-thin flap" (also known as the subdermal vascular network flap) was introduced in Japan in 1994. Its distinctive characteristic is its extreme thinness: it is thinned to the point that the subdermal vascular network (subdermal plexus) can be seen through the minimal fat layer. Since 2006 in Vietnam, we have used circumflex scapular artery-supercharged occipito-cervico-dorsal (OCD) super-thin flaps to reconstruct cases of neck and face scar contracture...
August 30, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862102/shoulder-motion-assistance-using-a-single-joint-hybrid-assistive-limb-%C3%A2-robot-evaluation-of-its-safety-and-validity-in-healthy-adults
#17
Takeshi Makihara, Hideki Kadone, Shinzo Onishi, Shigeki Kubota, Yasushi Hada, Yukiyo Shimizu, Hiroaki Kawamoto, Yoshiyuki Sankai, Masashi Yamazaki
PURPOSES: To evaluate the feasibility of using the single-joint Hybrid Assistive Limb(®) robot (HAL) to assist with shoulder flexion-extension in healthy adults, and to assess the capacity of the HAL to analyze the bioelectrical signals of muscle activity for shoulder flexion-extension. METHODS: This cross-sectional feasibility study included six healthy adult men with no impairment in shoulder motion. The single-joint HAL was fixed to a custom-designed platform and upper arm attachment, and aligned 3 cm below the acromion process...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861623/arthroscopic-management-of-snapping-scapula-syndrome-improves-pain-and-functional-outcomes-although-a-high-rate-of-residual-symptoms-has-been-reported
#18
M Memon, J Kay, N Simunovic, O R Ayeni
PURPOSE: To investigate the use of arthroscopy in the management of patients with snapping scapula syndrome, including aetiology, surgical decision-making, outcomes, complications, effectiveness of arthroscopy, and quality of evidence of the existing literature. METHODS: Three databases (PubMed, Ovid [MEDLINE], and EMBASE) were searched independently and in duplicate to systematically screen the literature. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) checklist guided the reporting and data abstraction...
September 1, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861589/erratum-to-ct-guided-percutaneous-trans-scapular-lung-biopsy-in-the-diagnosis-of-peripheral-pulmonary-lesion-nodules-of-the-superior-lobes-using-large-needles
#19
Alberto Rebonato, Daniele Maiettini, Marco Andolfi, Matthias J Fischer, Jacopo Vannucci, Giulio Metro, Antonio Basile, Michele Duranti, Michele Rossi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 31, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861200/reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-systematic-review
#20
Chul-Hyun Cho, Du-Han Kim, Kwang-Soon Song
BACKGROUND: There are limited data available regarding the results of reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We performed a systematic review of the literature to investigate the radiological and clinical outcomes after RSA in patients with RA. METHODS: A literature search for publications between 1987 and 2014 was conducted by 2 independent reviewers using PubMed, Scopus, Embase, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials...
September 2017: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
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