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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935553/prevalence-risk-factors-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-test-of-staphylococcus-aureus-in-bovine-cross-breed-mastitic-milk-in-and-around-asella-town-oromia-regional-state-southern-ethiopia
#1
Befikadu Seyoum, Hailemariam Kefyalew, Birhanu Abera, Nejash Abdela
A cross sectional study was undertaken from November 2016 to March 2017 in and around Asella town, Oromia regional state, southern Ethiopia, to determine the prevalence, associated risk factors and antimicrobial susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus, in Bovine cross breed mastitis milk. A total of 384 lactating dairy cows were screened for mastitis based on clinical examinations and California mastitis test (CMT). Out of 230 lactating crossbred cows with either clinical or subclinical mastitis examined for the involvement of Staphylococcus aureus...
September 18, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935207/effects-of-energy-supply-and-nicotinic-acid-supplementation-on-phagocytosis-and-ros-production-of-blood-immune-cells-of-periparturient-primi-and-pluriparous-dairy-cows
#2
S Bühler, J Frahm, W Liermann, R Tienken, S Kersten, U Meyer, K Huber, S Dänicke
Effects of energy supply and nicotinic acid (NA) supplementation on the phagocytic activity of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), and on ROS production in PMN of periparturient cows differing in parity were examined. 29 pluriparous and 18 primiparous cows were allocated to four different feeding groups from 42days prepartum until 100days postpartum. They were fed either a ration with a low concentrate proportion of 30% (LC) or a high concentrate proportion of 60% (HC)...
September 11, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934137/evidence-for-involvement-of-il-9-and-il-22-in-cows-milk-allergy-in-infants
#3
Karina V Barros, Vera L Flor Silveira, Marisa S Laranjeira, Neusa F Wandalsen, Susana Passeti, Roberta de Oliveira, Regina V Munekata, Paul S Noakes, Elizabeth A Miles, Philip C Calder
Although allergic inflammation is characterized by a T helper (Th) 2-dominant immune response, the discovery of a role for new T cell subsets in inflammatory diseases has added an additional layer of complexity to the understanding of the pathogeneses of allergic diseases. We evaluated plasma cytokine profiles in infants with cows' milk allergy (CMA), who were being treated with an elimination diet. In a prospective, randomized and controlled study, infants (aged 8.4 ± 3.9 months) with CMA were treated with an elimination diet for 120 days, which replaced cows' milk with a hydrolysed soy protein formula (n = 26) or a free amino acid formula (n = 20)...
September 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933949/behavior-and-performance-of-dairy-cows-after-transfer-from-tied-to-cubicle-housing
#4
Anne Pavlenko, Lena Lidfors, David R Arney, Tanel Kaart, Andres Aland
Behavior and performance changes when tied dairy cows were moved to a loose housing system in a cubicle system were investigated. Behavioral observations were made for 3 consecutive days in 3 periods after transition. The cows (n = 105) were observed on 18 sampling occasions for 1 month. Recordings were made of body positions and general and social behaviors. Monthly milk records were collected 1 year before and 1 year after transition. Cows walked more during the 1st observation period than during the other periods (p < ...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933365/milk-s-role-as-an-epigenetic-regulator-in-health-and-disease
#5
REVIEW
Bodo C Melnik, Gerd Schmitz
It is the intention of this review to characterize milk's role as an epigenetic regulator in health and disease. Based on translational research, we identify milk as a major epigenetic modulator of gene expression of the milk recipient. Milk is presented as an epigenetic "doping system" of mammalian development. Milk exosome-derived micro-ribonucleic acids (miRNAs) that target DNA methyltransferases are implicated to play the key role in the upregulation of developmental genes such as FTO, INS, and IGF1. In contrast to miRNA-deficient infant formula, breastfeeding via physiological miRNA transfer provides the appropriate signals for adequate epigenetic programming of the newborn infant...
March 15, 2017: Diseases (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932364/role-of-food-in-environmental-transmission-of-helicobacter-pylori
#6
REVIEW
Mohammad Zamani, Amin Vahedi, Zahra Maghdouri, Javad Shokri-Shirvani
Helicobacter pylori (H.pylori) is a gram-negative bacterium that has infected more than half of the world's population. This pathogen colonizes the human gastric mucosa and is usually acquired during childhood. It is an important cause of peptic ulcers, chronic gastritis and stomach cancer. Among the risk factors for acquisition of H. pylori infection, poor socioeconomic status, poor sanitization and hygiene practices, and contaminated food and water, are the most significant ones. The main route of H. pylori transmission is still unknown...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931455/the-effect-of-concentrate-supplementation-on-milk-production-and-cow-traffic-in-early-and-late-lactation-in-a-pasture-based-automatic-milking-system
#7
J Shortall, C Foley, R D Sleator, B O'Brien
The objective of this experiment was to establish the effect of low-concentrate (LC) and high-concentrate (HC) supplementation in the early and late periods of lactation on milk production and cow traffic in a pasture-based automatic milking (AM) system. In total, 40 cows (10 primiparous and 30 multiparous) were randomly assigned to one of the two treatments. The experimental periods for the early and late lactation trials extended from 23 February to 12 April 2015 and 31 August to 18 October 2015, respectively (49 days in each trial period)...
September 21, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929997/seasonal-variation-in-the-composition-and-processing-characteristics-of-herd-milk-with-varying-proportions-of-milk-from-spring-calving-and-autumn-calving-cows
#8
Yingchen Lin, James A O'Mahony, Alan L Kelly, Timothy P Guinee
The study investigated the seasonal changes in the compositional, physicochemical and processing characteristics of milk from a mixed-herd of spring- and autumn-calving cows during the year 2014-2015. The volume proportion of autumn-calving milk (% of total milk) varied with season, from ~10-20 in Spring (March-May), 5-13 in Summer (June-August), 20-40 in Autumn (September-November) and 50-100 in Winter (December-February). While all characteristics varied somewhat from month to month, variation was inconsistent, showing no significant trend with progression of time (year)...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Dairy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929993/reduced-claw-vacuum-and-b-phase-during-low-milk-flow-does-not-impact-oxytocin-release-and-milking-performance
#9
Anna-Lena Neuheuser, Ann-Catherine Schwinn, Olga Wellnitz, Lorenzo E Hernández-Castellano, Rupert M Bruckmaier
Oxytocin release, milking characteristics, and teat condition were investigated with reduced claw vacuum and pulsation settings compared to milking at regular settings with or without pre-stimulation. The reduced vacuum and pulsation settings during low milk flow are expected to protect the teat tissue before the occurrence of milk ejection at the start of milking, and at the end of milking during a potential overmilking period, i.e. at a milk flow <200 g/min. Seven cows were machine-milked either after a 60 s manual pre-stimulation, or without pre-stimulation and reduced vacuum and pulsation settings, or at full vacuum and normal pulsation during the start of milking...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Dairy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928513/effect-of-quality-of-milk-on-maillard-reaction-and-protein-oxidation-during-preparation-of-cow-and-buffalo-milk-khoa
#10
Sonika Choudhary, Sumit Arora, Anuradha Kumari, Vikrant Narwal, Vivek Sharma
The browning indicators (Lactulose, HMF and Furosine) and protein bound carbonyls were used to assess the effect of developed acidity and subsequent neutralization of milk at various stages of khoa (heat desiccated milk product) preparation. Available lysine was also analyzed in raw milk and final product i.e. khoa. Available lysine decreased as milk progressed to khoa preparation. Present study indicated that increase in heating intensity resulted in increased concentration of browning indicators and protein bound carbonyls (PC) in boiled milk and khoa...
August 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926010/economic-assessment-of-an-emerging-disease-the-case-of-schmallenberg-virus-in-france
#11
A Waret-Szkuta, P Alarcon, B Hasler, J Rushton, F Corbière, D Raboisson
Schmallenberg virus (SBV) was first detected in 2011 in Germany and then in France in 2012. This study simulates the production of different ruminant systems in France and estimates, through partial budget analyses, the economic cost of SBV at the farm level, under two disease scenarios (a high-impact and low-impact scenario). A partial budget is used to evaluate the financial effect of incremental changes, and includes only resources or production that will be changed. In the high-impact scenario, the estimated impact of SBV ranged from €23 to €43 per cow per year and €19 to €37 per ewe per year...
April 2017: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925556/national-allergy-programme-had-little-impact-on-parent-reported-food-allergies-in-children-aged-6-7-years
#12
Sauli Palmu, Paula Heikkilä, Virpi Uski, Siina Niitty, Sari Kurikka, Matti Korppi
AIM: The ten-year Finnish national allergy programme was launched in 2008 to lessen the disease and psychological burden of allergy. This study assessed the prevalence of parent-reported food allergies requiring avoidance diets at primary school in children aged six and seven years. METHODS: The cohort comprised 1,937 children (51% boys) who started primary school in Tampere, Finland in August 2016. School health nurses charted parent-reported, doctor-diagnosed food allergies requiring avoidance diets as part of the routine health examination...
September 19, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923705/effect-of-gnrh-on-ovulatory-response-after-luteolysis-induced-by-two-low-doses-of-pgf2%C3%AE-in-lactating-dairy-cows
#13
Tsung-Ching Liu, Chen-Fei Chiang, Chia-Tang Ho, Jacky Peng-Wen Chan
This study investigated the effect of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) on ovulatory response after complete luteolysis induced by two low doses of prostaglandin (PG)F2α in lactating dairy cows. Cows (n = 18) ranging between 45 and 65 days in milk were recruited for synchronization by a modified Ovsynch-48 protocol (GnRH-7 days-375 μg PGF2α-1 day-250 μg of PGF2α-1 day-GnRH) over a total of 23 estrous cycles. Synchronized cows (n = 16) were randomly assigned to GnRH and Saline groups in stage 1 of the experiment after 9-10 days of ovulation in synchronization...
September 9, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923017/within-breed-and-multi-breed-gwas-on-imputed-whole-genome-sequence-variants-reveal-candidate-mutations-affecting-milk-protein-composition-in-dairy-cattle
#14
Marie-Pierre Sanchez, Armelle Govignon-Gion, Pascal Croiseau, Sébastien Fritz, Chris Hozé, Guy Miranda, Patrice Martin, Anne Barbat-Leterrier, Rabia Letaïef, Dominique Rocha, Mickaël Brochard, Mekki Boussaha, Didier Boichard
BACKGROUND: Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) were performed at the sequence level to identify candidate mutations that affect the expression of six major milk proteins in Montbéliarde (MON), Normande (NOR), and Holstein (HOL) dairy cattle. Whey protein (α-lactalbumin and β-lactoglobulin) and casein (αs1, αs2, β, and κ) contents were estimated by mid-infrared (MIR) spectrometry, with medium to high accuracy (0.59 ≤ R(2) ≤ 0.92), for 848,068 test-day milk samples from 156,660 cows in the first three lactations...
September 18, 2017: Genetics, Selection, Evolution: GSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922262/sugar-in-infants-children-and-adolescents-a-position-paper-of-the-european-society-for-paediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-committee-on-nutrition
#15
Nataša Fidler Mis, Christian Braegger, Jiri Bronsky, Cristina Campoy, Magnus Domellöf, Nicholas D Embleton, Iva Hojsak, Jessie Hulst, Flavia Indrio, Alexandre Lapillonne, Walter Mihatsch, Christian Molgaard, Rakesh Vora, Mary Fewtrell
The consumption of sugars, particularly sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs; beverages or drinks that contain added caloric sweeteners (i.e. sucrose, high-fructose corn syrup, fruit-juice concentrates), in European children and adolescents exceeds current recommendations. This is of concern because there is no nutritional requirement for free sugars, and infants have an innate preference for sweet taste, which may be modified and reinforced by pre- and postnatal exposures. Sugar containing beverages/free sugars increase the risk for overweight/obesity and dental caries, can result in poor nutrient supply and reduced dietary diversity and may be associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular risk, and other health effects...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922259/gastrointestinal-symptoms-of-food-challenge-proven-non-ige-cow-s-milk-allergy-are-dissipated-by-early-school-age
#16
Noora Helin, Kaija-Leena Kolho, Erik Qvist, Mika Mäkelä, Laura Merras-Salmio
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the current well-being and dietary restrictions in children six years after food challenge confirmed diagnosis of non-IgE cow's milk protein allergy, compared to peers with gastrointestinal symptoms but negative food challenge. To evaluate the diagnostic process retrospectively. METHODS: Internet-based survey for mothers whose children underwent six years ago the double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenge for cow's milk because of gastrointestinal symptoms causing suspicion of non-IgE cow's milk protein allergy...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919680/effects-of-body-conformation-and-udder-morphology-on-milk-yield-of-zebu-cows-in-north-region-of-cameroon
#17
Kilekoung Jean-Pierre Mingoas, Julius Awah-Ndukum, Houinga Dakyang, Pagnah André Zoli
AIM: The aim of the study was to assess the effect of udder morphological characteristics on milk yield in zebu cows of Cameroon. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The diameter and height of the udder, length and diameter of the teat, and the milk yield were measured in 29 Djafun (Red Mbororo) and 19 Aku (White Fulani) cows in Louggueré zootechnical station in the North region of Cameroon. RESULTS: Overall, strong positive correlation (rp=0.60) between the diameter (240...
August 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919671/detection-of-staphylococcus-aureus-enterotoxigenic-strains-in-bovine-raw-milk-by-reversed-passive-latex-agglutination-and-multiplex-polymerase-chain-reaction
#18
Asmaa Samy Mansour, Gad El-Said Wagih, Sabry D Morgan, Mahmoud Elhariri, Mona A El-Shabrawy, Azza S M Abuelnaga, E A Elgabry
AIM: This review gives an outline of the assessment of enterotoxigenic Staphylococcus aureus tainting levels in raw milk from different sources in Egypt and characterization of enterotoxigenic strains utilizing a technique in light of PCR to identify genes coding for the production of staphylococcal enterotoxin (SE). The obtained data were compared with results from the application of the reversed passive latex. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Multiplex PCR and reversed passive latex agglutination (RPLA) were used...
August 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918314/empirical-research-evaluating-the-effects-of-non-traditional-approaches-to-enhancing-sleep-in-typical-and-clinical-children-and%C3%A2-young-people
#19
REVIEW
Karyn G France, Laurie K McLay, Jolene E Hunter, Madeline L S France
This paper examines the effects of non-traditional (non-behavioural and non-prescription pharmaceutical) approaches to sleep in children and young people (0-18 y). A systematic search identified 79 studies that met inclusion criteria. Seventeen percent of the studies were rated as having a conclusive level of evidence, forty-two percent with preponderant evidence and forty-one percent with only suggestive evidence. There were promising indications, with certain populations only, for aromatherapy, ketogenic diets, an elimination diet (few foods diet), elimination of cow's milk, avoidance of caffeine, tryptophan with adenosine and uridine, omega-3 and omega-6, valerian, music, osteopathic manipulation and white noise...
July 29, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918155/the-binding-of-orally-dosed-hydrophobic-active-pharmaceutical-ingredients-to-casein-micelles-in-milk
#20
M Cheema, A N Hristov, F M Harte
Casein proteins (αS1-, αS2-, β- and κ-casein) account for 80% of the total protein content in bovine milk and form casein micelles ( D¯11 = 130 nm, approximately 10(15) micelles/mL). The affinity of native casein micelles with the 3 hydrophobic active pharmaceutical ingredients (API), meloxicam [351.4 g/mol; log P = 3.43; acid dissociation constant (pKa) = 4.08], flunixin (296.2 g/mol; log P = 4.1; pKa = 5.82), and thiabendazole (201.2 g/mol; log P = 2.92; pKa = 4.64), was evaluated in bovine milk collected from dosed Holstein cows...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
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