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miRNA Bladder

Eva Pazourkova, Sarka Pospisilova, Iveta Svobodova, Ales Horinek, Antonin Brisuda, Viktor Soukup, Jan Hrbacek, Otakar Capoun, Jaroslav Mares, Tomas Hanus, Marek Babjuk, Marie Korabecna
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) in urine are examined as potential biomarkers. We examined the urine samples from 70 individuals (45 males, 25 females, mean age 65 years, range 20-84 years). Of the urine donors, 15 were healthy volunteers, 5 were patients with non-cancer diseases, 50 were patients with different stages of bladder cancer. To examine the spectrum of miRNAs in the cell-free fraction of urine, TaqMan Human miRNA Array Card A v.2.1 was used. A set of 30 miRNAs were found that are constantly present in urine supernatants independently of sex, age and health status of the subjects...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Zhi-Yu Wang, Wei Zhang, Jin-Jian Yang, Dong-Kui Song, Jin-Xing Wei
Many studies informed that microRNAs (miRNAs) could function as diagnostic and prognostic indicators in several cancers. The aims of this study were to explore the expression of miR-630 in bladder urothelial carcinoma and its clinical significance for the evaluation of cancer prognosis. A total of 116 patients with bladder urothelial carcinoma were obtained in this retrospective study between May, 2012 and Sep. 2015. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) was conducted to evaluate the expression level of miR-630...
October 2016: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
Zoraida Andreu, Renan Otta Oshiro, Alberto Redruello, Soraya López-Martín, Cristina Gutiérrez-Vázquez, Esperanza Morato, Ana Isabel Marina, Carlos Olivier Gómez, María Yáñez-Mó
Bladder cancer is the second most frequent malignancy of the urinary tract after prostate cancer. Current diagnostic techniques, such as cystoscopy and biopsies are highly invasive and accompanied of undesirable side effects. Moreover, there are no suitable biomarkers for relapse or progression prognosis. We analysed whether the specific composition of microRNAs (miRNAs) and proteins of extracellular vesicles (EVs) that urothelial tumor cells of bladder mucosa release into the urine, could reflect their pathologic condition...
October 14, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Katharina Müller, Philipp M Klein, Philipp Heissig, Andreas Roidl, Ernst Wagner
Antitumoral siRNA and miRNA delivery was demonstrated by epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) targeted oligoaminoamide polyplexes. For this purpose, the T-shaped lipo-oligomer 454 was used to complex RNA into a core polyplex, which was subsequently functionalized with the targeting peptide ligand GE11 via a polyethylene glycol (PEG) linker. To this end, free cysteines on the surface of 454 polyplex were coupled with a maleimide-PEG-GE11 reagent (Mal-GE11). Resulting particles with sizes of 120-150 nm showed receptor-mediated uptake into EGFR-positive T24 bladder cancer cells, MDA-MB 231 breast cancer cells and Huh7 liver cancer cells...
October 13, 2016: Nanotechnology
Surya Narayan Rath, Debasrita Das, V Badireenath Konkimalla, Sukanta Kumar Pradhan
Solid tumor is generally observed in tissues of epithelial or endothelial cells of lung, breast, prostate, pancreases, colorectal, stomach, and bladder, where several genes transcription is regulated by the microRNAs (miRNAs). Argonaute (AGO) protein is a family of protein which assists in miRNAs to bind with mRNAs of the target genes. Hence, study of the binding mechanism between AGO protein and miRNAs, and also with miRNAs-mRNAs duplex is crucial for understanding the RNA silencing mechanism. In the current work, 64 genes and 23 miRNAs have been selected from literatures, whose deregulation is well established in seven types of solid cancer like lung, breast, prostate, pancreases, colorectal, stomach, and bladder cancer...
September 2016: Genomics & Informatics
Ji Zhou, Huaxin Duan, Yu Xie, Yichong Ning, Xing Zhang, Na Hui, Chunqing Wang, Jian Zhang, Jianlin Zhou
Transcription factor AP-2 alpha (AP-2α or TFAP2A) is a newly identified prognostic marker of chemotherapy; its expression is positively correlated with chemosensitivity and survival of cancer patients. Using computational programs, we predicted that the coding region of AP-2α gene contains a potential miRNA response element (MRE) of miR-193a-5p, and the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) site (c.497A>G, rs111681798) resides within the predicted MRE. The results of luciferase assays and Western blot analysis demonstrated that miR-193a-5p negatively regulated the expression of AP-2α proteins, but have no influence on the mutant AP-2α (c...
2016: Journal of Cancer
Yi Sun, Deyi Luo, Yuchun Zhu, Kunjie Wang
We cultivated human bladder smooth muscle cells (HBSMCs) under pressures of 0 or 200 cm H2O pressure for 24 h, before using microarray technology to extract and analyze the different expressions of miRNAs and mRNAs in the two groups. We also predicted the target mRNA of the miDNA and performed functional forecasting. Changes in miRNA were identified by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) after overexpressing miRNA by transfection. We used flow cytometry to examine HBSMC proliferation, and we used qRT-PCR and Western blot analyses to quantify the expression and activation of mRNAs and proteins...
September 19, 2016: Experimental Biology and Medicine
Xing Hua, Yu Xiao, Wenhai Pan, Meiyun Li, Xiaoxiao Huang, Zexiao Liao, Qi Xian, Lina Yu
Prostate cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer deaths among men, many miRNAs have been demonstrated to play critical role in the progression of prostate cancer, miR-186 suppresses the progression of many tumors, such as bladder cancer and glioma. Previous study shows miR-186 is downregulated in prostate cancer tissues, and is a good prognosis for prostate cancer patients. In this study, we found miR-186 was downregulated in prostate cancer cells and tissues, overexpression of miR-186 inhibited cell proliferation and tumorigenesis in vitro determined by MTT assay, colony formation assay and soft agar growth assay, whereas knockdown of miR-186 reduced these effects...
2016: American Journal of Cancer Research
Zhanguo Chen, Lili Wu, Qi Lin, Jing Shi, Xiangyang Lin, Liang Shi
BACKGROUND: Abnormal expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) plays an important role in development of several cancer types, including bladder cancer (BCa). However, the relationship between the ratio of miR-181/miR-100 and the prognosis of BCa has not been studied yet. The aim of this study was to evaluate the expression of miR-182, miR-100 and their clinical significance in BCa. METHODS: Upregulation of miR-182 and down-regulation of miR-100 were validated in tissue specimens of 134 BCa cases compared with 148 normal bladder epithelia (NBE) specimens  using TaqMan-based real-time reverse transcription quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR)...
September 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Luca Falzone, Saverio Candido, Rossella Salemi, Maria S Basile, Aurora Scalisi, James A McCubrey, Francesco Torino, Salvatore S Signorelli, Maurizio Montella, Massimo Libra
Bladder cancer is one of the leading cancer of the urinary tract. It is often diagnosed at advanced stage of the disease. To date, no specific and effective early detection biomarkers are available. Cancer development and progression are associated with the involvement of both epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and tumor microenvironment of which NGAL/MMP-9 complex represents the main player in bladder cancer. It is known that change in microRNAs (miRNAs) expression may result in gene modulation. Therefore, the identification of specific miRNAs associated with EMT pathway and NGAL/MMP-9 complex may be useful to detect the development of bladder cancer at early stages...
September 1, 2016: Oncotarget
Peng Wu, Ziyi Cao, Song Wu
Urological cancers consist of bladder, kidney, prostate, and testis cancers and they are generally silenced at their early stage, which leads to the loss of the best opportunity for early diagnosis and treatment. Desired biomarkers are scarce for urological cancers and current biomarkers are lack of specificity and sensitivity. Epigenetic alterations are characteristic of nearly all kinds of human malignances including DNA methylation, histone modification, and miRNA regulation. Besides, the detection of these epigenetic conditions is easily accessible especially for urine, best target for monitoring the diseases of urinary system...
2016: Disease Markers
Sharon Amir, Nicola J Mabjeesh
Bladder cancer (BC) is generally divided into non-muscle-invasive BC (NMIBC) and muscle-invasive BC (MIBC). The standard treatment protocol for MIBC patients is radical cystectomy preceded by neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC). About one-half of the MIBC patients show a priori resistance to chemotherapy, and are therefore exposed to the risks of disease progression and toxicity from ineffective NAC. The discovery of microRNA (miRNA) regulation in tumorigenesis has provided new directions for the development of a new type of BC biomarkers...
September 2, 2016: Histology and Histopathology
Wen-Bo Wu, Wei Wang, Yi-Heng Du, Hao Li, Shu-Jie Xia, Hai-Tao Liu
Transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) is the most common type of bladder cancer but its carcinogenesis remains not completely elucidated. Dysregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) is well known to be involved in the development of various cancers, including TCC, whereas a role of miR-3713 in the pathogenesis of TCC has not been appreciated. Here, we reported that significantly higher levels of matrix metallopeptidase 9 (MMP9), and significantly lower levels of miR-3713 were detected in TCC tissue, compared to the adjacent non-tumor tissue, and were inversely correlated...
2016: Scientific Reports
Bingyu Guo, Qiang Hui, Yu Zhang, Peng Chang, Kai Tao
The incidence and associated mortality of melanoma continues to increase worldwide. At present, there is no curative therapy for advanced stage of melanoma. It is necessary to find new indicators of prognosis and therapeutic targets. Increasing evidence shows that miRNA can provide potential candidate biomarkers for melanoma and therapeutic targets. GEF-H1, a regulator of RhoA, as oncogenic driver in melanoma, promotes the growth and invasion of melanoma. miR-194 is a tumor-suppressor gene in multiple tumors, such as bladder and non-small cell lung cancer, and clear cell renal cell carcinoma...
October 2016: Oncology Reports
Jun Wang, Xiaomei Zhao, Jianhua Shi, Yiwei Pan, Qinghai Chen, Pengfei Leng, Yan Wang
MicroRNA (miRNA) expression is shown dysregulated in tumors. It has been reported that miR-451 alters gene expression and regulates tumorigenesis in various cancer tissues. However, its underlying biological significance in bladder cancer remains to be clarified. In the present study, we investigated the function and molecular mechanism of miR-451 involved in bladder cancer cell migration and invasion. Our results showed that miR-451 was downregulated in clinical bladder carcinoma tissues compared with adjacent bladder tissues...
October 2016: Oncology Reports
Klara Piletič, Tanja Kunej
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short non-coding RNAs that act as important regulators of gene expression as part of the epigenetic machinery. In addition to posttranscriptional gene silencing by miRNAs, the epigenetic mechanisms also include DNA methylation, histone modifications and their crosstalk. Epigenetic modifications were reported to play an important role in many disease onsets and progressions and can be used to explain several features of complex diseases, such as late onset and fluctuation of symptoms. However, miRNAs not only function as a part of epigenetic machinery, but are also epigenetically modified by DNA methylation and histone modification like any other protein-coding gene...
October 2016: Archives of Toxicology
Zhenyu Zhong, Mengxin Lv, Junxia Chen
Circular RNAs (circRNAs), a kind of non-coding RNAs, have shown large capabilities in gene regulation. However, the mechanisms underlying circRNAs remain largely unknown so far. Recent studies demonstrated that circRNAs play miRNA sponge effects and regulate gene expression by microRNA response elements. Here, we screened circRNA expression profiles of bladder carcinoma using microarray assay. A total of 469 dysregulated circular transcripts are found in bladder cancer compared with normal tissues, among which 285 were up-regulated and 184 were down-regulated...
2016: Scientific Reports
Christine S Siegismund, Maria Rohde, Uwe Kühl, Felicitas Escher, Heinz Peter Schultheiss, Dirk Lassner
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) can be found in a wide range of tissues and body fluids, and their specific signatures can be used to determine diseases or predict clinical courses. The miRNA profiles in biological samples (tissue, serum, peripheral blood mononuclear cells or other body fluids) differ significantly even in the same patient and therefore have their own specificity for the presented condition. Complex profiles of deregulated miRNAs are of high interest, whereas the importance of non-expressed miRNAs was ignored...
August 2016: Genomics, Proteomics & Bioinformatics
S Pospisilova, E Pazourkova, A Horinek, A Brisuda, I Svobodova, V Soukup, J Hrbacek, O Capoun, T Hanus, J Mares, M Korabecna, M Babjuk
Urinary bladder carcinoma contributes to 4% of newly diagnosed oncological diseases in the Czech Republic. Biomarkers for its early non-invasive detection are therefore highly desirable. Urine seems to be an ideal source of such biomarkers due to the content of cell-free nucleic acids, especially microRNAs (miRNAs).To find potential biomarkers among miRNAs in urine supernatant, we examined in total 109 individuals (36 controls and 73 bladder cancer patients) in three phases. In the first - discovery - phase, microarray cards with 381 miRNAs were used for miRNA analysis of 13 controls and 46 bladder cancer patients...
2016: Neoplasma
Lin-Feng Zheng, Wen-Yong Sun
Bladder cancer is the most common cancer of the urinary tract. A quarter of bladder cancer patients presenting with muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) suffer significant morbidity and succumb to the disease. MicroRNA (miRNA) from tissue, urine or blood samples of MIBC patients have been demonstrated to differ from healthy individuals, and possibly have diagnostic value. The aim of the present meta-analysis was to access the overall diagnostic accuracy comprehensively and quantitatively. Systematic searching in PubMed, Web of Science, Embase and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure database was conducted...
August 2016: Biomedical Reports
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