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Neutropenia newborn

Nurin Jivani, Carmen Torrado-Jule, Sarah Vaiselbuh, Eleny Romanos-Sirakis
Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (SDS) is an autosomal recessive bone marrow failure syndrome typically characterized by neutropenia and pancreatic dysfunction, although phenotypic presentations vary, and the endocrine phenotype is not well-described. We report a unique case of a patient with SDS who initially presented with hypoglycemia and micropenis in the newborn period and was diagnosed with congenital hypopituitarism. We are not aware of any other cases of SDS documented with this combination of complex endocrinopathies...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
Chen-Yu Wang, Yu-Ju Lai, Kwei-Shuai Hwang, Chi-Huang Chen, Mu-Hsien Yu, Huei-Tsung Chen, Her-Young Su
OBJECTIVE: Neutropenia developed after continuous intravenous infusion of ritodrine hydrochloride (Yutopar) for preterm uterine contractions in a twin pregnancy. We successfully returned the low neutrophil count to the normal range after discontinuation of infusion of ritodrine and treatment with granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF). CASE REPORT: A 34-year-old woman with twin pregnancy was treated with ritodrine for preterm uterine contractions at 27 weeks and 6 days gestation...
October 2016: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
David Schnell, Elie Azoulay, Dominique Benoit, Benjamin Clouzeau, Pierre Demaret, Stéphane Ducassou, Pierre Frange, Matthieu Lafaurie, Matthieu Legrand, Anne-Pascale Meert, Djamel Mokart, Jérôme Naudin, Frédéric Pene, Antoine Rabbat, Emmanuel Raffoux, Patricia Ribaud, Jean-Christophe Richard, François Vincent, Jean-Ralph Zahar, Michael Darmon
Neutropenia is defined by either an absolute or functional defect (acute myeloid leukemia or myelodysplastic syndrome) of polymorphonuclear neutrophils and is associated with high risk of specific complications that may require intensive care unit (ICU) admission. Specificities in the management of critically ill neutropenic patients prompted the establishment of guidelines dedicated to intensivists. These recommendations were drawn up by a panel of experts brought together by the French Intensive Care Society in collaboration with the French Group for Pediatric Intensive Care Emergencies, the French Society of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, the French Society of Hematology, the French Society for Hospital Hygiene, and the French Infectious Diseases Society...
December 2016: Annals of Intensive Care
Sjirk J Westra, Boaz K Karmazyn, Adina L Alazraki, Molly E Dempsey, Jonathan R Dillman, Matthew Garber, Sheila G Moore, Molly E Raske, Henry E Rice, Cynthia K Rigsby, Nabile Safdar, Stephen F Simoneaux, Peter J Strouse, Andrew T Trout, Sandra L Wootton-Gorges, Brian D Coley
The cause of fever in a child can often be determined from history, physical examination, and laboratory tests; infections account for the majority of cases. Yet in 20%, no apparent cause can be found, designated as fever without source (FWS). The yield of chest radiography in children with FWS is low, and it is usually not appropriate. However, in children with respiratory signs, high fever (>39°C), or marked leukocytosis (≥20,000/mm(3)), chest radiography is usually appropriate, as it has a higher yield in detecting clinically occult pneumonia...
August 2016: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
Giuseppe Pontrelli, Franco De Crescenzo, Roberto Buzzetti, Francesca Calò Carducci, Alessandro Jenkner, Donato Amodio, Maia De Luca, Sara Chiurchiù, Elin Haf Davies, Alessandra Simonetti, Elena Ferretti, Martina Della Corte, Luca Gramatica, Susanna Livadiotti, Paolo Rossi
BACKGROUND: Differential diagnosis between sepsis and non-infectious inflammatory disorders demands improved biomarkers. Soluble Triggering Receptor Expression on Myeloid cells (sTREM-1) is an activating receptor whose role has been studied throughout the last decade. We performed a systematic review to evaluate the accuracy of plasma sTREM-1 levels in the diagnosis of sepsis in children with Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS). METHODS: A literature search of PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) and ISI Web of Knowledge databases was performed using specific search terms...
2016: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
Julie Teil, Damien Dupont, Bruno Charpiat, Stéphane Corvaisier, Thierry Vial, Gilles Leboucher, Martine Wallon, François Peyron
BACKGROUND: The treatment of newborns and infants with congenital toxoplasmosis is standard practice. Some observational studies have examined safety in newborns, but most of these failed to provide sufficient details for a provisional assessment of causality. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and biological adverse effects of the combination of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine. METHODS: Sixty-five children treated for 1 year with a combination of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (1 dose every 10 days) for congenital toxoplasmosis were followed up to evaluate abnormal hematological values and potential adverse events using a standardized method of causality assessment...
June 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Juejing Ling, Gideon Koren
While immunoglobulin biologicals are increasingly used during pregnancy, there have been concerns on the immune function and vaccination of infants born to mothers taking immunoglobulin biologicals. In addition to the detection of biologicals in cord blood, cases of severe neonatal neutropenia and fatal dissemination of Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) have been reported. With increasing number of infants exposed to immunoglobulin biologicals in utero, there is a need to address the challenges in vaccinating these infants...
2016: Expert Review of Vaccines
Vamseedhar Annam, Vijayashree Medarametla, Nalinimohan Chakkirala
BACKGROUND: Sepsis is one of the major causes of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Early recognition and diagnosis of neonatal sepsis are difficult because of the variable and non-specific clinical presentation of this condition. Hence, there is a need for early predictive screening method for neonatal sepsis. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the role of Cord blood Haematological Scoring System as an early predictive screening method for detection of early onset neonatal sepsis and also to identify the neonates who are at risk of developing neonatal sepsis using cord blood...
September 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Ashley K Shaver, Kelly Walkovich, James A Connelly
Neonatal lupus erythematosus (NLE) is a rare autoimmune disorder associated with transplacental migration of maternal autoantibodies against SS-A (Ro) or SS-B (La) antigens that results in cardiac, hepatic, cutaneous, and hematologic manifestations. Although NLE-associated neutropenia is considered transient and benign, neutropenia caused by severe congenital neutropenia (SCN) is life-threatening. Diagnosing a complicated picture of neonatal neutropenia can be challenging because there are many overlapping features between the acquired and inherited etiologies...
August 2015: Pediatrics
Angélica Martínez-Contreras, Rosalía Lira, Carmen Soria-Rodríguez, Sawako Hori-Oshima, Angélica Maldonado-Rodríguez, Othón Rojas-Montes, Rafael Ayala-Figueroa, Julia Estrada-Guzmán, Ma Teresa Álvarez-Muñoz
BACKGROUND: Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is a multifactorial and common disease that varies from 15 to 50 % in the newborn, causing 50 % of mortality. The RDS may be associated with bacterial and viral infections, and one of the most common viral agents is the cytomegalovirus (CMV). In the neonatal period the virus incidence goes from 0.4 to 2.5 % with a seroprevalence of 50 to 75 %; the incidence of infection in newborn with RDS is unknown. The objective was to determine the frequency of CMV infection in neonates with RDS and identify the risk factors associated with infection...
May 2015: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
Anthony J Munaco, Michelle A Veenstra, Evan Brownie, Logan A Danielson, Kartheek B Nagappala, Michael D Klein
Up to half of all patients with necrotizing enterocolitis require acute surgical treatment. Determining when to operate on these patients can be challenging. Utilizing a combination of clinical and metabolic indicators, we sought to identify the optimal timing of surgical intervention. A retrospective chart review was conducted on patients with necrotizing enterocolitis from 2001 to 2010. Previously validated clinical (abdominal erythema, palpable abdominal mass, hypotension), radiographic (pneumoperitoneum, portal venous gas, fixed bowel loop, severe pneumatosis intestinalis), and laboratory (acidosis, bacteremia, hyponatremia, bandemia, neutropenia, thrombocytopenia) indicators were assessed for the ability to predict the need for acute surgical intervention as a simple indicator score, based on the sum of the indicators listed above...
May 2015: American Surgeon
Dimitrios Angelis, Rita Ann Kubicky, Alan B Zubrow
Maternal Graves' disease is relatively uncommon with an estimated incidence of 0.4%-1% of all pregnancies, but only 1-5% of newborns delivered to mothers with Graves' disease develop overt clinical signs and symptoms of hyperthyroidism. Here, we describe a case of a 1380-gram female neonate who was born at 30-week gestation to a mother with Graves' disease. Our patient presented with hyperthyroidism followed by transient hypothyroidism requiring treatment with levothyroxine. While hyperthyroid, she was treated with methimazole, iodine, and a beta-blocker...
2015: Case Reports in Endocrinology
David W Kimberlin, Penelope M Jester, Pablo J Sánchez, Amina Ahmed, Ravit Arav-Boger, Marian G Michaels, Negar Ashouri, Janet A Englund, Benjamin Estrada, Richard F Jacobs, José R Romero, Sunil K Sood, M Suzanne Whitworth, Mark J Abzug, Mary T Caserta, Sandra Fowler, Jorge Lujan-Zilbermann, Gregory A Storch, Roberta L DeBiasi, Jin-Young Han, April Palmer, Leonard B Weiner, Joseph A Bocchini, Penelope H Dennehy, Adam Finn, Paul D Griffiths, Suzanne Luck, Kathleen Gutierrez, Natasha Halasa, James Homans, Andi L Shane, Michael Sharland, Kari Simonsen, John A Vanchiere, Charles R Woods, Diane L Sabo, Inmaculada Aban, Huichien Kuo, Scott H James, Mark N Prichard, Jill Griffin, Dusty Giles, Edward P Acosta, Richard J Whitley
BACKGROUND: The treatment of symptomatic congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease with intravenous ganciclovir for 6 weeks has been shown to improve audiologic outcomes at 6 months, but the benefits wane over time. METHODS: We conducted a randomized, placebo-controlled trial of valganciclovir therapy in neonates with symptomatic congenital CMV disease, comparing 6 months of therapy with 6 weeks of therapy. The primary end point was the change in hearing in the better ear ("best-ear" hearing) from baseline to 6 months...
March 5, 2015: New England Journal of Medicine
Dawn Nolt, Susan Lindemulder, Jeffrey Meyrowitz, Bill H Chang, Suman Malempati, Gregory Thomas, Linda Stork
BACKGROUND: Treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) comes with a significant risk of life-threatening infection during periods of prolonged severe neutropenia. We studied the impact of preventive intravenous (IV) antibiotic administration at onset of absolute neutropenia on the incidence and outcome of life-threatening infections during treatment of childhood AML. PROCEDURES: This is a retrospective study on pediatric patients (aged 0-18 years) consecutively diagnosed with de novo AML and treated at a single institution from April 2005 through February 2013...
July 2015: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Sharon Lewin, James B Bussel
The fetoplacental interface plays a unique role in pathologies of the fetus and neonate, and is increasingly being recognized for effects on fetal and neonatal development that resonate into adulthood. In this review, we will use several exemplary disorders involving each of the 3 types of blood cells to explore the effect of perinatal insults on subsequent development of the affected cell line. We will present new data regarding outcomes of infants treated prenatally for fetal and neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (FNAIT) and contrast these with outcomes of infants affected by hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn...
January 2015: Clinical Advances in Hematology & Oncology: H&O
Carol Saunders, Laurie Smith, Flemming Wibrand, Kirstine Ravn, Peter Bross, Isabelle Thiffault, Mette Christensen, Andrea Atherton, Emily Farrow, Neil Miller, Stephen F Kingsmore, Elsebet Ostergaard
3-methylglutaconic aciduria (3-MGA-uria) is a nonspecific finding associated with mitochondrial dysfunction, including defects of oxidative phosphorylation. 3-MGA-uria is classified into five groups, of which one, type IV, is genetically heterogeneous. Here we report five children with a form of type IV 3-MGA-uria characterized by cataracts, severe psychomotor regression during febrile episodes, epilepsy, neutropenia with frequent infections, and death in early childhood. Four of the individuals were of Greenlandic descent, and one was North American, of Northern European and Asian descent...
February 5, 2015: American Journal of Human Genetics
Laurence A Boxer, Audrey Anna Bolyard, Merideth L Kelley, Tracy M Marrero, Lan Phan, Jordan M Bond, Peter E Newburger, David C Dale
OBJECTIVE: To report outcomes associated with the administration of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) to women with chronic neutropenia during pregnancy. METHODS: We conducted an observational study of women of childbearing potential with congenital, cyclic, idiopathic, or autoimmune neutropenia enrolled in the Severe Chronic Neutropenia International Registry to determine outcomes of pregnancies, without and with chronic G-CSF therapy, 1999-2014. Treatment decisions were made by the patients' personal physicians...
January 2015: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Yuichi Kodama, Reiji Fukano, Maiko Noguchi, Jun Okamura, Jiro Inagaki
The effect of folinic acid (FA) on toxicity secondary to the use of methotrexate (MTX) for the prevention of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) has not been determined. We retrospectively analyzed data from 111 patients who received allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (allo-BMT) in our institution. Fifty patients did not receive FA (non-FA), 37 received FA four times (low dose, LD-FA), and 24 received FA 25 times (high dose, HD-FA) in BMT. No significant differences were observed in the severity of stomatitis after allo-BMT among the three groups while the median of peak value of ALT in HD-FA was significantly lower (P = 0...
January 2015: International Journal of Hematology
J M Lestner, A Versporten, K Doerholt, A Warris, E Roilides, M Sharland, J Bielicki, H Goossens
The appropriate use of systemic antifungals is vital in the prevention and treatment of invasive fungal infection (IFI) in immunosuppressed children and neonates. This multicenter observational study describes the inpatient prescribing practice of antifungal drugs for children and neonates and identifies factors associated with prescribing variability. A single-day point prevalence study of antimicrobial use in hospitalized neonates and children was performed between October and December 2012. The data were entered through a study-specific Web-based portal using a standardized data entry protocol...
February 2015: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Emily L Mueller, Amber Sabbatini, Achamyeleh Gebremariam, Rajen Mody, Lillian Sung, Michelle L Macy
BACKGROUND: Little is known about emergency department (ED) use among pediatric patients with cancer. We explored reasons prompting ED visits and factors associated with hospital admission. PROCEDURE: A retrospective cohort analysis of pediatric ED visits from 2006 to 2010 using the Nationwide Emergency Department Sample, the largest all-payer database of United States ED visits. Pediatric patients with cancer (ages ≤19 years) were identified using Clinical Classification Software...
March 2015: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
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