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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245139/scapular-focused-exercise-treatment-protocol-for-shoulder-impingement-symptoms-three-dimensional-scapular-kinematics-analysis
#1
Gisele Harumi Hotta, Adriane Lopes Santos, Kevin James McQuade, Anamaria Siriani de Oliveira
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to describe the effects of a periscapular strengthening and neuromuscular training protocol in three-dimensional scapular kinematics and resting positioning in participants with shoulder impingement symptoms. Self-reported function was also evaluated. METHOD: The study group comprised 50 subjects with shoulder impingement syndrome (control group, n=25; treatment group, n=25). The treatment group underwent 8weeks of neuromuscular training and periscapular strengthening...
December 11, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244663/scapular-winging-caused-by-combined-palsy-of-the-spinal-accessory-nerve-and-the-long-thoracic-nerve-a-case-report
#2
Kentaro Ago, Noboru Matsumura, Takuji Iwamoto, Kazuki Sato, Masaya Nakamura, Morio Matsumoto
CASE: A 37-year-old man with scapular winging, caused by combined palsy of the spinal accessory nerve and the long thoracic nerve, was successfully treated with a pectoralis major transfer to substitute for the serratus anterior muscle, and with levator scapulae and rhomboid muscle transfers to substitute for the trapezius muscle. CONCLUSION: The serratus anterior paralysis was thought to have occurred secondary to traction of the long thoracic nerve by the unsupported scapula following the spinal accessory nerve palsy...
April 2017: JBJS Case Connector
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243804/notalgia-paresthetica-a-review-for-dermatologists
#3
REVIEW
Matthew Howard, Lukas Sahhar, Frank Andrews, Ralph Bergman, Douglas Gin
Notalgia paresthetica (NP) is an underdiagnosed condition that presents with unilateral pruritus medial to the scapula on the midback with or without an associated hyperpigmented or hypopigmented macule. There is a paucity of recent reviews on this chronic cutaneous neuropathy in peer-reviewed journals. Current theories propose the condition is likely multifactorial, including spinal entrapment and muscular compressive neuropathy. An extensive literature review was performed by searching the MEDLINE database to review all published works on notalgia paresthetica...
December 15, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242737/radiation-induced-giant-cell-granuloma-mimicking-relapsed-hodgkin-lymphoma-at-fdg-pet-ct
#4
Hugo J A Adams, John M H de Klerk, Josien C Regelink, Ben G F Heggelman, Stefan V Dubois, Thomas C Kwee
A 22-year-old woman was diagnosed with intermediate risk stage II Hodgkin lymphoma and treated with three cycles of adriamycin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (ABVD) followed by involved-field radiation therapy. A complete metabolic remission was achieved after two cycles of ABVD, which was maintained until three years after completion of treatment. Follow-up FDG-PET/CT four years after completion of treatment, however, showed a new FDG-avid (Deauville score of 4) lesion in the right scapula, suggesting relapsed disease...
December 2017: Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237578/the-effectiveness-of-exercise-therapy-on-scapular-position-and-motion-in-individuals-with-scapular-dyskinesis-systematic-review-protocol
#5
Afsun Nodehi Moghadam, Kianoush Abdi, Mohsen Shati, Shohreh Noorizadeh Dehkordi, Abbas Ali Keshtkar, Zahra Mosallanezhad
BACKGROUND: Scapular dyskinesis is an alteration in normal scapular position and motion. Some researchers believe that altered kinematics of the scapula subsequent to dysfunction or weakness of scapular stabilizing muscles contributes to impingement syndrome. Scapular muscle exercises are included in the rehabilitation of patients with subacromial impingement syndrome and scapular dyskinesis because the muscular system is one of the major contributors of scapular positioning both at rest and during shoulder movement, but there is considerable uncertainty relating to the relative effectiveness of such approaches on changing scapular position and motion...
December 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234550/a-unique-case-of-melorheostosis-presenting-with-two-radiologically-distinct-lesions-in-the-shoulder
#6
Ahmed A Elsheikh, Rohan S Pinto, Alpesh Mistry, Simon P Frostick
Melorheostosis is a rare, nonhereditary, benign, mesenchymal condition of unknown aetiology affecting the bones and surrounding tissues. A male patient complaining of left shoulder pain, swelling, and mildly limited range of motion has an exclusive combination of the classic dripping wax lesion in the scapula and the myositis ossificans-like lesion in the deltoid muscle; this combination is the first to be reported in the shoulder. Both lesions showed typical findings of melorheostosis in radiographs, CT, MRI, and bone scan...
2017: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232430/asymptomatic-pink-plaque-on-the-scapula
#7
Cuong V Nguyen, Daniel D Miller, Ronda S Farah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229406/validation-of-single-plane-fluoroscopy-and-2d-3d-shape-matching-for-quantifying-shoulder-complex-kinematics
#8
Rebekah L Lawrence, Arin M Ellingson, Paula M Ludewig
Fluoroscopy and 2D/3D shape-matching has emerged as the standard for non-invasively quantifying kinematics. However, its accuracy has not been well established for the shoulder complex when using single-plane fluoroscopy. The purpose of this study was to determine the accuracy of single-plane fluoroscopy and 2D/3D shape-matching for quantifying full shoulder complex kinematics. Tantalum markers were implanted into the clavicle, humerus, and scapula of four cadaveric shoulders. Biplane radiographs were obtained with the shoulder in five humerothoracic elevation positions (arm at the side, 30°, 60°, 90°, maximum)...
December 8, 2017: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224907/quantitative-postural-analysis-of-children-with-congenital-visual-impairment
#9
Michelle de Pádua, Juliana F Sauer, Silvia M A João
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the postural alignment of children with visual impairment with that of children without visual impairment. METHODS: The sample studied was 74 children of both sexes ages 5 to 12 years. Of these, 34 had visual impairment and 40 were control children. Digital photos from the standing position were used to analyze posture. Postural variables, such as tilt of the head, shoulder position, scapula position, lateral deviation of the spine, ankle position in the frontal plane and head posture, angle of thoracic kyphosis, angle of lumbar lordosis, pelvis position, and knee position in the frontal and sagittal planes, were measured with the Postural Assessment Software 0...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224822/head-and-neck-reconstruction-with-free-flaps-based-on-the-thoracodorsal-system
#10
John Edward O'Connell, Mandeep S Bajwa, Andrew G Schache, Richard J Shaw
The advent or micro-vascular free tissue transfer has facilitated the reconstruction of increasingly complex head and neck defects. There are multiple donor sites available, each with its' own advantages and disadvantages. However, the subscapular system, including the thoracodorsal system, provides the widest array of soft tissue and osseous flaps, as well as chimeric options. Its advantages include a long pedicle, independently mobile tissue components, relative sparing from atherosclerosis, and minimal donor site morbidity...
December 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219854/reconstruction-of-the-scapula-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-patients-after-total-scapulectomy-a-report-of-10-patients-treated-by-extracorporeal-irradiation-and-reimplantation-of-the-scapula
#11
Ahmed M El Ghoneimy, Mohamed S Zaghloul, Iman Zaky, Hala Taha, Ahmed Elgammal, Magdy El Sherbiny, Nehal Kamal
BACKGROUND: Ewing sarcoma of the scapula is uncommon. Restoration of shoulder function after total scapulectomy is challenging. Extracorporeal irradiation and reimplantation is a well-known method of biological reconstruction in orthopaedic oncology; yet very few reports in the literature describe its specific use in tumors of the scapula. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ten patients with the diagnosis of Ewing sarcoma of the scapula were surgically treated by total scapulectomy and extracorporeal irradiation and reimplantation of the scapula...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216696/-undetected-traumatic-posterior-glenohumeral-dislocation
#12
J A Rosas-Medina
INTRODUCTION: Glenohumeral dislocation (GHD) is frequent, but traumatic posterior glenohumeral dislocation (TPGHD) is rare, with an incidence of 1-4% of all GHD. The diagnosis is a challenge: sometimes, it can be omitted due to incorrect diagnosis, absence of consideration in the differential diagnosis, suboptimal radiographic evaluation and an absence of characteristic signs and symptoms; missed diagnosis reaches 60-79% and the diagnosis can delay from 24 hours to a year. OBJECTIVE: To transmit previous experiences to provide support for better diagnosing TPGHD, favoring appropriate attention...
July 2017: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205214/biomechanics-of-the-shoulder-girdle-a-case-study-on-the-effects-of-union-rugby-tackles
#13
Luís Faria, Bárbara Campos, Renato Natal Jorge
PURPOSE: The shoulder girdle is a complex system, comprised by a kinematic chain and stabilizers. Due to the delicate equilibrium and synchronism between mobility and stability, high external loads may compromise its physiology, increasing the risk of injuries. Thus, this study intends to fully characterize the effects of a rugby tackle on the shoulder's anatomy and physiology. METHODS: For the experimental procedures, a matrix of pressure sensors was used, based on the Teckscan® pressure in-soles, force plates, an isokinetic dynamometer and sEMG (surface electromyography)...
2017: Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196161/effects-of-trapezius-kinesio-taping-on-scapular-kinematics-and-associated-muscular-activation-in-subjects-with-scapular-dyskinesis
#14
Tsun-Shun Huang, Hsiang-Ling Ou, Jiu-Jenq Lin
STUDY DESIGN: Crossover repeated-measure design. INTRODUCTION: Scapular dyskinesis rehabilitation programs that focus on inhibiting upper trapezius (UT) and activating the lower trapezius (LT) may assist in restoring scapular movements. We hypothesized that taping may be able to normalize scapular movements and associated muscular recruitment. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The purpose of this study was to investigate the immediate effects of kinesio taping over trapezius on scapular kinematics and muscular activation in different dyskinesis patterns...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193820/osteology-and-radiological-anatomy-of-the-thoracic-limbs-of-temminck-s-ground-pangolin-smutsia-temminckii
#15
Christine Steyn, John T Soley, Martina R Crole
Temminck's ground pangolin is the only pangolin present in South Africa. It is a myrmecophagous mammal with a bipedal gait. The thoracic limbs are used to break open ant nests, dig for food and expand previously occupied burrows. This study describes the osteology and radiological anatomy of the thoracic limbs of this threatened species. Thoracic limbs from four Temminck's ground pangolins, which succumbed from electrocution or natural causes, were digitally radiographed in situ. The individual bones were then cleaned, described and digitally radiographed...
November 28, 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193070/development-of-the-human-shoulder-joint-during-the-embryonic-and-early-fetal-stages-anatomical-considerations-for-clinical-practice
#16
Fidel Hita-Contreras, Indalecio Sánchez-Montesinos, Antonio Martínez-Amat, David Cruz-Díaz, Rafael J Barranco, Olga Roda
Although several studies have been published regarding the morphology and anatomical variations of the human shoulder joint, most have dealt with adult individuals. Those looking into the development of the joint have been focused on specific structures or have observed specimens in advanced gestational stages. The goal of this paper is to perform a complete analysis of the embryonic and early fetal development of the elements in the shoulder joint, and to clarify some contradictory data in the literature. In our study, serial sections of 32 human embryos (Carnegie stages 16-23) and 26 fetuses (9-13 weeks) were analyzed...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188140/forelimb-muscle-and-joint-actions-in-archosauria-insights-from-crocodylus-johnstoni-pseudosuchia-and-mussaurus-patagonicus-sauropodomorpha
#17
Alejandro Otero, Vivian Allen, Diego Pol, John R Hutchinson
Many of the major locomotor transitions during the evolution of Archosauria, the lineage including crocodiles and birds as well as extinct Dinosauria, were shifts from quadrupedalism to bipedalism (and vice versa). Those occurred within a continuum between more sprawling and erect modes of locomotion and involved drastic changes of limb anatomy and function in several lineages, including sauropodomorph dinosaurs. We present biomechanical computer models of two locomotor extremes within Archosauria in an analysis of joint ranges of motion and the moment arms of the major forelimb muscles in order to quantify biomechanical differences between more sprawling, pseudosuchian (represented the crocodile Crocodylus johnstoni) and more erect, dinosaurian (represented by the sauropodomorph Mussaurus patagonicus) modes of forelimb function...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180561/notalgia-paresthetica-relieved-by-cervical-traction
#18
Rhonda Low, Leah A Swanson, David L Swanson
Notalgia paresthetica is a syndrome of unilateral, chronic pruritis that is associated with burning pain, paresthesia, numbness, and hyperesthesia localized to the medial and inferior scapula. The condition does not respond to anti-inflammatory drugs or traditional antipruritic agents and has variable responses to numerous other reported pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic therapies. Although the etiology is thought to be nerve impingement, neurologic and musculoskeletal causes are often not considered in the differential diagnosis...
November 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179028/kinematic-analysis-of-scapular-movements-in-patients-with-facioscapulohumeral-muscular-dystrophy
#19
C Savcun Demirci, E Turgut, E Ayvat, Ö Onursal, F Ayvat, T I Yıldız, I Düzgün, M Kılınç, S Aksu Yıldırım
The purpose of this study is to evaluate scapular movements by the three-dimensional electromagnetic system during shoulder elevation in FSHMD patients, and to compare the results with healthy individuals. 10 patients with FSHMD and 10 healthy individuals were included in the study. Scapular anterior-posterior tilt, upward-downward rotation and internal-external rotation at 30°, 60° and 90° were evaluated using the three-dimensional electromagnetic system during the elevation of the upper limbs in the scapular plane...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170849/myh7-mutation-associated-with-two-phenotypes-of-myopathy
#20
Nan Li, Zhe Zhao, Hongrui Shen, Qi Bing, Xuan Guo, Jing Hu
The mutations of MYH7 (slow skeletal/β-cardiac myosin heavy chain) are commonly found in familial hypertrophic/dilated cardiomyopathy, and also can cause Laing early-onset distal myopathy (LDM), myosin storage myopathy (MSM), and congenital myopathy with fiber-type disproportion (CFTD). Here we report two cases whose diagnosis was hereditary myopathy according to clinical feature and muscle pathology analysis. High-throughput genomic sequencing (next generation sequencing) was performed to validate the diagnosis...
November 24, 2017: Neurological Sciences
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