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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086891/measurement-of-electrocardiograms-in-a-bath-through-tap-water-utilizing-capacitive-coupling-electrodes-placed-outside-the-bathtub-wall
#1
Kosuke Motoi, Yasuhiro Yamakoshi, Takehiro Yamakoshi, Hiroaki Sakai, Naoto Tanaka, Ken-Ichi Yamakoshi
BACKGROUND: Taking a bath sometimes poses a risk for subjects with chronic cardiopulmonary disorders, due to the thermal effect and water pressure on his/her body. The ECG measurement would be helpful for the early recognition of abnormal cardiac beats and respiratory conditions. This paper describes a new attempt to improve on previous bathtub ECG measurement techniques that had electrodes placed inside the bathtub that were intrusive to the subjects' bathing experience. This study is concerned with the initial development of a method to measure an electrocardiogram (ECG) through tap water without conscious awareness of the presence of electrodes that are placed outside the bathtub wall...
January 11, 2017: Biomedical Engineering Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079744/endoscopic-woodward-procedure-for-sprengel-deformity-case-report
#2
Francisco Soldado, Sergi Barrera-Ochoa, Pedro Domenech-Fernandez, Josep M Bergua-Domingo, Paula Diaz-Gallardo, Jorge Knorr
: Sprengel deformity (SD) results in a limitation of movement of the shoulder girdle and produces an esthetic defect. Our aim is to assess the feasibility and advantages of a minimally invasive endoscopic approach for SD correction. A 4-year-old boy with a Cavendish grade III right SD. The patient underwent an endoscopic Woodward procedure with access through two small incisions at the level of the upper and lower angles of the scapula. Near-symmetrical shoulder elevation was achieved, with an excellent cosmetic result...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068966/glenoid-morphology-in-light-of-anatomical-and-reverse-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-a-dissection-and-3d-ct-based-study-in-male-and-female-body-donors
#3
Sandra Mathews, Marco Burkhard, Nabil Serrano, Karl Link, Martin Häusler, Nakita Frater, Ingeborg Franke, Helena Bischofberger, Florian M Buck, Dominic Gascho, Michael Thali, Steffen Serowy, Magdalena Müller-Gerbl, Gareth Harper, Ford Qureshi, Thomas Böni, Hans-Rudolf Bloch, Oliver Ullrich, Frank-Jakobus Rühli, Elisabeth Eppler
BACKGROUND: Placement of the glenoid baseplate is of paramount importance for the outcome of anatomical and reverse total shoulder arthroplasty. However, the database around glenoid size is poor, particularly regarding small scapulae, for example, in women and smaller individuals, and is derived from different methodological approaches. In this multimodality cadaver study, we systematically examined the glenoid using morphological and 3D-CT measurements. METHODS: Measurements of the glenoid and drill hole tunnel length for superior baseplate screw placement were recorded to define size of the glenoid and the distance to the scapular notch on cadaveric specimens...
January 10, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052130/cervical-spine-injuries-a-whole-body-musculoskeletal-model-for-the-analysis-of-spinal-loading
#4
Dario Cazzola, Timothy P Holsgrove, Ezio Preatoni, Harinderjit S Gill, Grant Trewartha
Cervical spine trauma from sport or traffic collisions can have devastating consequences for individuals and a high societal cost. The precise mechanisms of such injuries are still unknown as investigation is hampered by the difficulty in experimentally replicating the conditions under which these injuries occur. We harness the benefits of computer simulation to report on the creation and validation of i) a generic musculoskeletal model (MASI) for the analyses of cervical spine loading in healthy subjects, and ii) a population-specific version of the model (Rugby Model), for investigating cervical spine injury mechanisms during rugby activities...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048369/su-f-t-558-arccheck-for-patient-specific-qa-in-stereotactic-ablativeradiotherapy
#5
P Ramachandran, A Tajaldeen, D Taylor, D Wanigaratne, K Roozen, N Esen, M Geso, T Kron
PURPOSE: Stereotactic Ablative Radiotherapy (SABR) is one of the most preferred treatment techniques for early stage lung cancer. This technique has been extended to other treatment sites like Spine, Liver, Scapula, Sternum etc., This has resulted in increased physics QA time on machine. In this study, we've tested the feasibility of using ArcCheck as an alternative method to replace film dosimetry. METHODS: Twelve patients with varied diagnosis of Lung, Liver, scapula, sternum and Spine undergoing SABR were selected for this study...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043311/acromion-types-and-role-of-corticosteroid-with-shoulder-impingement-syndrome
#6
Muhammad Akram, Syed Faraz Ul Hassan Shah Gillani, Faheem Mubashir Farooqi, Syed Muhammad Awais
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between shoulder impingement and morphological characteristics of acromion and the role of sub-acromial injection of methylprednisolone in the short-term treatment for relieving pain and improve functional disability of these patients. STUDY DESIGN: A descriptive study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Orthopedic Surgery and Traumatology Unit-I (DOST-I), Mayo Hospital, Lahore, between November 2013 to June 2014...
December 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028415/scapular-fractures-in-blunt-chest-trauma-self-experience-study
#7
Tabet A Al-Sadek, Desislav Niklev, Ahmed Al-Sadek, Lina Al-Sadek
AIM: The aim of this retrospective study was to report the scapular fractures in patients with blunt chest trauma and to present the type and the frequency of associated thoracic injuries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Nine patients with fractures of the scapula were included in the study. The mechanisms of the injury, the type of scapular fractures and associated thoracic injuries were analysed. RESULTS: Scapular fractures were caused by high-energy blunt chest trauma...
December 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025371/prevalence-of-myofascial-pain-syndrome-in-chronic-non-specific-neck-pain-a-population-based-cross-sectional-descriptive-study
#8
Ester Cerezo-Téllez, María Torres-Lacomba, Orlando Mayoral-Del Moral, Beatriz Sánchez-Sánchez, Jan Dommerholt, Carlos Gutiérrez-Ortega
BACKGROUND: Chronic non-specific neck pain is a frequent complaint. It is a recognized medical and socioeconomic problem and a frequent cause of job absenteeism. In recent years, case reports about myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) are emerging among patients suffering from pain. MPS is a regional pain syndrome characterized by myofascial trigger points (MTrP) in palpable taut bands of skeletal muscle that refer pain to a distance, and that can cause distant motor and autonomic effects. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of active and latent MTrPs in subjects suffering from chronic non-specific neck pain...
December 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018061/bilateral-sandwiched-scapulae-a-rare-presentation-of-hereditary-multiple-exostoses
#9
Kamran Mozaffarian, Mohammad Javad Farahani, Amir Reza Vosoughi
Hereditary multiple exostoses, an autosomal dominant condition, is a common benign tumor which is characterized by the development of multiple osteochondromas. Bilateral dorsal and ventral involvement of scapulae is extremely rare without any reported case in the literature. An 18-year-old girl was referred because of bilateral prominent scapulae and left-sided pain on shoulder girdle motion especially at more than 90° abduction and forward flexion. Radiograph evaluation showed multiple exostoses on ventral and dorsal surfaces of body of both scapulae; hence simple excision of the lesion was impossible...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009137/osteonecrosis-as-a-complication-in-pediatric-patients-with-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#10
Ilaria Riccio, Elvira Pota, Marco Marcarelli, Maria Carmen Affinita, Daniela Di Pinto, Cristiana Indolfi, Nicola Del Regno, Marco Esposito
Osteonecrosis is a significant adverse effect of treatment administered to children suffering from acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) that may have a negative effect on the quality of life. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the rate of secondary vascular osteonecrosis (ON) in a population of pediatric patients with ALL treated with corticosteroids and cytostatic agents. A retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data of the medical records of 328 patients with ALL identified 4 cases with ON, corresponding to 1...
November 28, 2016: La Pediatria Medica e Chirurgica: Medical and Surgical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999727/an-intervention-based-clinical-reasoning-framework-to-guide-the-management-of-thoracic-pain-in-a-dancer-a-case-report
#11
Michael Masaracchio, Kaitlin Kirker, Cristiana Kahl Collins, William Hanney, Xinliang Liu
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: As a result of the anatomical proximity of the thoracic spine to the cervical, lumbar, and shoulder regions, dysfunction in the thoracic spine can influence pain, mobility, and stability across these areas. Currently, a paucity of evidence exists addressing treatment of individuals with primary thoracic pain, especially in young, athletic patients. Furthermore, current research discussing clinical reasoning frameworks focus on the differential diagnostic process...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997467/functional-outcomes-of-operative-management-of-scapula-fractures-in-a-geriatric-cohort
#12
Peter A Cole, Jeffrey A Gilbertson, Peter A Cole
OBJECTIVES: To analyze functional outcomes, motion, and strength in patients 65 years of age and older who underwent operative management of a scapula fracture. DESIGN: Retrospective review of prospective database. SETTING: A single level-1 teaching trauma center. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred fifty patients with scapula fractures were operated between January 2002 and March 2014. A review identified 16 geriatric patients 65 years of age and older...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992821/corrigendum-to-sexual-dimorphism-of-the-scapula-and-the-clavicle-in-a-contemporary-greek-population-applications-in-forensic-identification-forensic-sci-int-217-2012-231-e1-231-e7
#13
Vasiliki A Papaioannou, Elena F Kranioti, Perrine Joveneaux, Despoina Nathena, Manolis Michalodimitrakis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 16, 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990302/does-deep-cervical-flexor-muscle-training-affect-pain-pressure-thresholds-of-myofascial-trigger-points-in-patients-with-chronic-neck-pain-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Pavlos Bobos, Evdokia Billis, Dimitra-Tania Papanikolaou, Constantinos Koutsojannis, Joy C MacDermid
Background. We need to understand more about how DNF performs in different contexts and whether it affects the pain threshold over myofascial trigger points (MTrPs). Purpose. The objectives were to investigate the effect of neck muscles training on disability and pain and on pain threshold over MTrPs in people with chronic neck pain. Methods. Patients with chronic neck pain were eligible for participation with a Neck Disability Index (NDI) score of over 5/50 and having at least one MTrP on either levator scapulae, upper trapezoid, or splenius capitis muscle...
2016: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986326/kinematic-models-of-the-upper-limb-joints-for-multibody-kinematics-optimisation-an-overview
#15
Sonia Duprey, Alexandre Naaim, Florent Moissenet, Mickaël Begon, Laurence Chèze
Soft tissue artefact (STA), i.e. the motion of the skin, fat and muscles gliding on the underlying bone, may lead to a marker position error reaching up to 8.7cm for the particular case of the scapula. Multibody kinematics optimisation (MKO) is one of the most efficient approaches used to reduce STA. It consists in minimising the distance between the positions of experimental markers on a subject skin and the simulated positions of the same markers embedded on a kinematic model. However, the efficiency of MKO directly relies on the chosen kinematic model...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977028/surgical-management-of-dorsal-scapular-luxation-in-three-dogs
#16
Stephen C Jones, Selena Tinga, Erin G Porter, Daniel Lewis
Scapular luxation is an uncommon cause of forelimb lameness in dogs and cats. Traumatic rupture of the serratus ventralis muscle allows the scapula to displace dorsally during weight-bearing. Specific documentation regarding clinical presentation and surgical techniques is limited, with no medium- to long-term results of surgical intervention in dogs described. Presented here are three cases of scapular luxation in dogs, treated with a modified surgical technique. Clinical outcome was considered good to excellent, with resolution of lameness and abnormal scapular motion in all three dogs...
December 15, 2016: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966031/bilateral-bony-fusion-around-the-supraspinatus-muscle-inducing-muscle-hypoplasia-and-shoulder-pain
#17
YeNa Son, Kyung Nam Ryu, Wook Jin, Ji Seon Park, So Young Park
We describe the case of a 30-year-old man who developed chronic bilateral shoulder pain that relapsed and remitted over the course of 1 year. The patient was diagnosed with congenital shoulder fusion anomalies. The right shoulder showed anomalous accessory articulation between the distal third of the clavicle and the acromion along with normal articulation of the shoulder on CT. At the left shoulder, bony fusions were present between the distal portion of the clavicle, the acromion, and the coracoid process, and between the coracoid process, upper portion of the glenoid, and upper body of the scapula, which formed a bony canal and was responsible for hypoplasia of the supraspinatus muscle on CT and MRI...
December 14, 2016: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965930/a-case-of-severe-thoracoabdominal-impalement-by-a-steel-bar
#18
Ki Tae Kim, Pil Won Seo
A 53-year-old man arrived at the trauma center with a steel bar penetrating from the epigastrium to the right scapula. He was hypotensive and hypoxic, and immediate resuscitation and basic evaluation were performed. An emergency operation was performed due to an unstable hemodynamic state. Multiple injuries were confirmed in the right lower lobe, posterior chest wall, diaphragm, and liver lateral segment. Right lower lobectomy and liver lateral sectionectomy were performed following removal of the bar. The patient recovered without additional hemorrhage after the surgery, and was transferred to a rehabilitation institution with periodic follow-up...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957589/radiotherapy-for-aneurysmal-bone-cysts-a%C3%A2-rare-indication
#19
Khaled Elsayad, Jan Kriz, Heinrich Seegenschmiedt, Detlef Imhoff, Reinhard Heyd, Hans Theodor Eich, Oliver Micke
BACKGROUND: Aneurysmal bone cysts (ABC) are rapidly growing benign osseous lesions composed of blood-filled channels separated by fibrous septa. Since the value of external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) for ABC has not been well defined, the German Cooperative Group on Radiotherapy for Benign Diseases performed the national register study described herein. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Five German institutions collected data regarding clinical features, treatment concepts, and outcome for patients with ABC who had been referred for local EBRT over the past 30 years...
December 12, 2016: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956822/immediate-improvement-in-the-cranio-cervical-flexion-test-associated-with-mdt-based-interventions-a-case-report
#20
Hiroshi Takasaki, Scott Herbowy
The patient in this case study presented with constant idiopathic neck pain and left lower scapular pain (greater than 3 months) and was treated based on the principles of Mechanical Diagnosis and Therapy (MDT). Retraction exercises produced centralization of the lower scapular pain to the upper part of the scapula at the initial visit. At the first visit, the performance level on the Cranio-Cervical Flexion Test (CCFT) was ≤20 mmHg before the treatment. At the conclusion of the treatment during which centralization occurred, the CCFT level improved to 24 mmHg...
December 2016: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
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