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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533618/interrater-reliability-and-intrarater-reliability-of-lateral-scapular-slide-tests-of-females-in-their-20s
#1
Sang-Young Park
[Purpose] The purpose of the present study was to examine the intrarater reliability and intrarater reliability of lateral scapular slide tests among young females. [Subjects and Methods] A total of 60 female students in U University in Gyeongsangbuk-do, South Korea participated in this study. Lateral scapular slide tests (LSST) were conducted to identify interrater & intrarater reliability. In the LSSTs, the distance from the inferior angle of the scapula to thoracic vertebral spinous process T8 was measured in three positions (shoulder joint 0°, 45°, and 90° abduction) using tape measures...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532884/the-role-of-scapular-kinematics-in-patients-with-different-shoulder-musculoskeletal-disorders-a-systematic-review-approach
#2
REVIEW
Roshanak Keshavarz, Siamak Bashardoust Tajali, Seyed Mohsen Mir, H Ashrafi
This study aimed to identify the role of the scapula in shoulder musculoskeletal disorders (SMDs) and provided a systematic review of available studies in the field of scapular three-dimensional kinematics. We systematically searched 5 international databases, including Scopus, EMBASE, PubMed, CINAHL, PEDro, and Cochrane Library from June to September 2015. Twenty studies met the inclusion criteria and were retrieved in full paper. The selected studies were critically appraised independently by two researchers...
April 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530477/reliability-and-validity-of-an-acromion-marker-cluster-for-recording-scapula-posture-at-end-range-clavicle-protraction-retraction-elevation-and-depression
#3
Yaheli Bet-Or, Wolbert van den Hoorn, Venerina Johnston, Shaun P O'Leary
Acromion Marker Cluster (AMC) methods have been shown to accurately track scapula motion during humeral elevation below 90°, however, their accuracy has not been assessed in shoulder girdle motion such as clavicle protraction, retraction, elevation and depression independent of humeral movement. The aim of this study was to examine the reliability and validity of the AMC method to record scapula orientation at end range clavicle protraction, retraction, elevation and depression. The right scapulae of twenty-two female and twenty male asymptomatic volunteers were assessed with an AMC and Scapula Locator (SL) method during end range clavicle protraction, retraction, elevation and depression (without humeral elevation) using an eight-camera 3D movement registration system...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523033/low-energy-versus-middle-energy-extracorporeal-shockwave-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-snapping-scapula-bursitis
#4
Nihat Acar
OBJECTIVE: Extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) has been used successfully in treatment of musculoskeletal disorders. Our objective was to assess the effectiveness of low versus middle-energy ESWT on snapping scapula bursitis. METHODS: Thirty-five patients, divided into two groups, group (L), received low-energy ESWT, group (M) received middle-energy ESWT. Groups were evaluated at 1,3,6 and 12 months using the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), the Constant-Murley scoring (CMS) and the Roles and Maudsley criteria...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512319/what-the-skull-and-scapular-morphology-of-the-dugong-dugong-dugon-can-tell-us-sex-habitat-and-body-length
#5
Korakot Nganvongpanit, Kittisak Buddhachat, Patcharaporn Kaewmong, Phaothep Cherdsukjai, Kongkiat Kittiwatanawong
The dugong (Dugong dugon, Müller) is an endangered marine mammal species. We examined the relationship between sex, habitat and body length based on the skull and scapular morphology and morphometrics of 81 dugong samples in Thailand. A total of 58 parameters from the skull and scapula (25 from the cranium, 23 from the mandible and 10 from the scapula) as well as tusks were used in this study. Data were analyzed by univariate analysis, followed by discriminant analysis and multivariate linear regression. Here we show, 100% and 98...
May 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507976/painful-pseudowinging-and-snapping-of-scapula-due-to-subscapular-osteochondroma-a-case-report
#6
Raja Rameez, Mehmood Ul-Hassan, Hilal A Kotwal, Khursheed A H Kangoo, Asif Nazir
INTRODUCTION: Osteochondroma or exostosis is most common benign bone tumors. They are usually seen in the metaphyses of long bones with more than 35% of cases affecting the bone around the knee and are seldom found in flat bones like scapula. When present in scapula, they may cause abnormal scapulothoracic movements leading to pain, snapping, and pseudowinging of scapula. CASE REPORT: We describe a novel case of osteochondroma arising on the ventral aspect of right scapula in a 16-year-old otherwise healthy female patient causing snapping and pseudowinging of scapula and occasional pain in affected area...
November 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507958/bifocal-cryptococcal-osteomyelitis-in-an-immunocompetent-male
#7
Rohit Delat, Vinodchandra Laheri
INTRODUCTION: Cryptococcus neoformans commonly affects lungs and central nervous system that to in immunocompromised individual. Bony involvement is extremely rare and most common site is vertebrae and usual presentation is monofocal. CASE REPORT: We present 18-year-old male with bifocal osteomyelitis of scapula and tibia in immunocompetent male. CONCLUSION: Cryptococcal osteomyelitis should be kept as a differential diagnosis in a patient as a primary diagnosis to avoid diagnostic delay and morbidity associated with it...
November 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505962/assessment-of-body-parameters-symmetry-in-child-violinists
#8
Anna Cygańska, Aleksandra Truszczyńska-Baszak, Justyna Drzaƚ-Grabiec, Adam Tarnowski
BACKGROUND: Playing violin may lead to overload of the locomotor system. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess body parameters for trunk symmetry in child violinists and compare with the control group. METHODS: We analyzed body posture of 101 children aged 7-12 years, mean age 11.09 ± 9.46, 49 child violinists and control group of 52 children. RESULTS: We found statistically significant differences for the difference in depth of the lower corners of scapulae and upper posterior spina iliaca, though greater asymmetries were found in the clinical control group...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504571/the-legend-of-the-luschka-tubercle-and-its-association-with-snapping-scapulae-osseous-morphology-of-snapping-scapulae-on-ct-images
#9
Tobias J Dietrich, Christoph A Agten, Philipp Fürnstahl, Lazaros Vlachopoulos, Christian W A Pfirrmann
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to determine the osseous morphology of snapping scapulae on CT images. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospectively, 2D and 3D CT images of the scapulae of 35 patients with snapping scapula were compared with 35 age-matched control group subjects. Two observers analyzed the following parameters: presence of the Luschka tubercle; abnormalities of the bones and periscapular soft tissues; shape, thickness, and length of the superior angle of the scapula; craniocaudal length of the scapula; minimum distance between the scapula and rib cage; depth of the subscapular fossa; and the superomedial angle...
May 15, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491435/scapular-osteomyelitis-in-an-immature-domestic-shorthair-cat
#10
Sivert Viskjer, Martin Rapp
CASE SUMMARY: A 12-week-old, male, domestic shorthair cat was presented with severe left thoracic limb lameness. Investigation included physical examination, diagnostic imaging with radiography and CT, histopathology and microbiological culture. Physical examination revealed a large, firm mass on the left scapula. Radiography and CT showed a monostotic spherical expansile bone lesion in the infraspinatus fossa of the left scapula. The histopathological description was a central acute suppurative osteomyelitis with reactive fibrosis and new bone formation at the periphery...
July 2016: JFMS Open Rep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488171/clinical-and-pathological-characteristics-of-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-gist-metastatic-to-bone
#11
Kemal Kosemehmetoglu, Gulsah Kaygusuz, Karen Fritchie, Ovgu Aydin, Ozlem Yapicier, Oznur Coskun, Ersin Karatayli, Senay Boyacigil, Gulnur Guler, Sergulen Dervisoglu, Isinsu Kuzu
Our aim in this study was to describe the clinical, morphological, and molecular profile of gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) metastatic to bone. We analyzed the morphological, phenotypic, and molecular characteristics of seven cases, and in addition reviewed 17 cases from literature. Sequence analysis of KIT and PDGFRA genes was possible for six cases. For the GIST cases with bone metastasis, the most common primaries were small intestine (29%), stomach (25%), and rectum (21%). Sites of bone metastases were vertebrae (11), pelvis (8), femur (8), ribs (6), humerus (5), skull (3), scapula (1), and mandible (1)...
May 9, 2017: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484613/homeotic-shift-at-the-dawn-of-the-turtle-evolution
#12
Tomasz Szczygielski
All derived turtles are characterized by one of the strongest reductions of the dorsal elements among Amniota, and have only 10 dorsal and eight cervical vertebrae. I demonstrate that the Late Triassic turtles, which represent successive stages of the shell evolution, indicate that the shift of the boundary between the cervical and dorsal sections of the vertebral column occurred over the course of several million years after the formation of complete carapace. The more generalized reptilian formula of at most seven cervicals and at least 11 dorsals is thus plesiomorphic for Testudinata...
April 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478902/effects-of-short-malunion-of-the-clavicle-on-in-vivo-scapular-kinematics
#13
DooSup Kim, DongWoo Lee, YoungHwan Jang, JunSeop Yeom, Scott A Banks
BACKGROUND: Short malunion of the clavicle after fracture can change scapular kinematics and alter clinical outcome. However, the effects of malunion on kinematics and outcomes remains poorly understood because there have been no in vivo studies measuring changes during active motion with malunion. This study aimed to measure and to compare in vivo 3-dimensional (3D) scapular kinematics between normal shoulders and shoulders with short malunion using 3D-2-dimensional model image registration techniques...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474111/ct-guided-transosseous-soft-tissue-biopsy-techniques-outcomes-and-complications-in-50-cases
#14
Monzer Chehab, Stephen Zintsmaster, Syed Zafar Jafri, Mark Richards, Anindya Roy
PURPOSE: To describe the techniques, outcomes and complications of CT-guided transosseous biopsy of soft tissue lesions via multiple different routes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical and radiologic data from all consecutive soft tissue biopsies performed via a transosseous approach between April 2009 and July 2015 were retrospectively compiled. Fifty biopsies performed in 50 patients (n = 17 males, n = 33 females) were included. Biopsies were performed using a 13-gauge biopsy needle which was advanced through the selected bone to the lesion margin followed by coaxial placement of either an 18- or 20-gauge biopsy gun...
May 4, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469928/effective-localization-in-tumor-induced-osteomalacia-using-68-ga-dotatoc-pet-ct-venous-sampling-and-3t-mri
#15
Shintaro Kawai, Hiroyuki Ariyasu, Yasushi Furukawa, Reika Yamamoto, Shinsuke Uraki, Ken Takeshima, Kenji Warigaya, Yuji Nakamoto, Takashi Akamizu
SUMMARY: Tumor-induced osteomalacia (TIO) is a rare paraneoplastic syndrome characterized by renal phosphate wasting leading to hypophosphatemia due to excessive actions of fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) produced by the tumors. Although the best way of curing TIO is complete resection, it is usually difficult to detect the culprit tumors by general radiological modalities owing to the size and location of the tumors. We report a case of TIO in which the identification of the tumor by conventional imaging studies was difficult...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463974/the-histological-characteristics-age-related-thickness-change-of-skin-and-expression-of-the-hsps-in-the-skin-during-hair-cycle-in-yak-bos-grunniens
#16
Xue Yang, Yan Cui, Jing Yue, Honghong He, Chuan Yu, Penggang Liu, Jun Liu, Xiandong Ren, Yun Meng
OBJECTIVE: This experiment was conducted to study the histological characteristics, age-related thickness changes, and expression of HSPs in the skin of yak. METHODS: A total of 20 yaks (10 males and 10 females) were used. Different regions of the normal skin of three different ages (newborn, half-year-old and adult) of yaks were harvested for histological study and thickness measurement. Biopsy samples were taken from the scapula regions of the skin from the same five approximately 1-year-old yaks during the hair cycle (telogen, anagen and catagen)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463922/ultrasound-screening-for-posterior-shoulder-dislocation-in-infants-with-persistent-brachial-plexus-birth-palsy
#17
Andrea S Bauer, Justin F Lucas, Nasser Heyrani, Ryan L Anderson, Leslie A Kalish, Michelle A James
BACKGROUND: Early detection of posterior shoulder dislocation in infants with brachial plexus birth palsy (BPBP) is essential, but it may be difficult to accomplish with physical examination alone. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of shoulder dislocation in patients with BPBP using ultrasound and to identify which physical examination measurements correlated most with dislocation in these patients. METHODS: This study was a retrospective review of data obtained in an ultrasound screening program of infants with BPBP born from January 2011 to April 2014...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450946/effect-of-vacuum-sealing-drainage-on-the-expression-of-vegf-and-mirna-17-5p-in-seawater-immersed-blast-injury-wounds
#18
Fen Yang, Bing Shi, Ling Cao
The aim of the present study was to compare and observe the expression levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and miRNA-17-5p during the treatment of seawater-immersed blast-injury wounds (SIBIW) under different conditions of vacuum sealing drainage (VSD), and to identify the optimized range of VSD treatment and partially explain its mechanisms. The bilateral hips and scapulae of experimental pigs (weight, 25-30 kg) were subjected to blast-injury wounds, followed by the seawater immersion. The animals then underwent conventional dressing treatment under 120, 180 and 240 mmHg VSD...
March 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449618/telerehabilitation-after-arthroscopic-subacromial-decompression-is-effective-and-not-inferior-to-standard-practice-preliminary-results
#19
Jose Manuel Pastora-Bernal, Rocío Martín-Valero, Francisco Javier Barón-López, Noelia Guerrero Moyano, María-José Estebanez-Pérez
Background Telerehabilitation promises to improve quality, increase patient access and reduce costs in health care. Physiotherapy with exercises is generally recommended to restore function after surgery in patients with chronic subacromial syndrome. Relatively few studies have investigated the feasibility of telerehabilitation interventions in musculoskeletal and orthopaedic disorders. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of a customizable telerehabilitation intervention and compare with traditional care...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434831/submuscular-versus-subcutaneous-ulnar-nerve-transposition-a-cadaveric-model-evaluating-their-role%C3%A2-in-primary-ulnar-nerve-repair-at-the-elbow
#20
Brandon S Smetana, Edward W Jernigan, Wayne A Rummings, Paul S Weinhold, Reid W Draeger, J Megan M Patterson
PURPOSE: To investigate the length gained from subcutaneous and submuscular transposition of the ulnar nerve at the elbow. Specifically, the study aimed to define an expected nerve gap able to be overcome, and to determine if a difference between transposition techniques exists. METHODS: Eleven cadaveric specimens from the scapula to fingertip were procured. In situ decompression and mobilization of the ulnar nerve at the elbow followed by simulated laceration of the nerve was performed...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
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