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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629541/clinical-and-pathologic-findings-of-korean-patients-with-ryr1-related-congenital-myopathy
#1
Ha Neul Jeong, Hyung Jun Park, Jung Hwan Lee, Ha Young Shin, Se Hoon Kim, Seung Min Kim, Young Chul Choi
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study was designed to investigate clinical and pathologic characteristics of five Korean patients with RYR1-related congenital myopathy (CM). METHODS: Five patients from unrelated families were diagnosed with RYR1-related CM via direct or targeted sequencing of RYR1. Their clinical, mutational, and pathologic findings were then analyzed. RESULTS: Seven different mutations were identified, including two novel mutations: c...
January 2018: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628714/a-case-report-on-partial-scapulectomy-with-glenoid-preservation-for-chondromyxoid-fibroma-of-scapula
#2
Naba Pallab Chetia, Aritra Bidyananda, Munin Borgohain
Chondromyxoid fibroma is a benign bone tumour accounting for less than 1% of all primary bone tumours. It usually affects the metaphyseal region of long bones in the first or second decade of life. It rarely occurs in scapula. We present a case of 29 year old female with biopsy proven Chondromyxoid fibroma of left scapula. She underwent wide marginal excision by partial scapulectomy with preservation of glenoid. Post operatively she has stable shoulder joint with normal range of movement & no recurrence on regular follow up...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627149/combined-bilobed-trapezius-myocutaneous-and-scapula-osteomyocutaneous-flaps-for-the-restoration-of-through-and-through-defects-of-the-mandible-following-salvage-surgery-for-recurrent-head-and-neck-tumours
#3
W-L Chen, Z-Q Huang, B Zhou, Y Wang, R Chen
This study was performed to evaluate the outcomes of combined bilobed trapezius myocutaneous and scapula osteomyocutaneous flaps for the restoration of through-and-through defects of the mandible. The subjects were six patients with recurrent malignant tumours who underwent salvage surgeries and reconstruction with combined flaps based on the transverse cervical vessels (TCVs). All patients had combined bone (four type H, one type LCL, and one type C) and extensive soft tissue defects (through-and-through defects) following salvage surgery...
April 4, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623751/scapular-muscle-activity-during-static-yoga-postures
#4
Jaclyn N Chopp-Hurley, Courtney Prophet, Brynn Thistle, Jessica Pollice, Monica R Maly
Study Design Controlled laboratory study; cross-sectional. Background Despite the growing popularity of yoga, little is known about the muscle activity of the scapular stabilizers during isometric yoga postures and their potential utility in shoulder rehabilitation. Objectives To examine scapular stabilizer muscle activation during various yoga postures. Methods Twenty women with yoga experience and no shoulder pain or injury participated. Electromyography was used to record upper, middle and lower trapezius as well as serratus ante-rior muscle activity during 15 yoga postures...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620665/thera-band-application-changes-muscle-activity-and-kyphosis-and-scapular-winging-during-knee-push-up-plus-in-subjects-with-scapular-winging-the-cross-sectional-study
#5
A-Reum Shin, Ji-Hyun Lee, Da-Eun Kim, Heon-Seock Cynn
Scapular winging (SW) is defined as increased prominence of the whole medial border of the scapula. Many researchers recently recommended knee push-up plus (KPP) for enhancing serratus anterior (SA) activation. However, during push-up plus, thoracic kyphosis (TK) may usually occur as a compensatory movement. Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of Thera-Band application during KPP on rectus abdominis (RA) activity, TK angle (TKA), SA activity, and amount of SW in subjects with SW.Fifteen subjects performed KPP with Thera-Band applied to different posterior body parts (no Thera-Band, in the occiput, and in the thoracic region)...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619396/anthropometric-and-radiologic-measurements-of-coracoid-dimensions-and-clinical-implications-in-an-indian-population
#6
Deepak Joshi, Lalit Mohan Gupta, Milind Tanwar, Ajay Lal, Deepak Chaudhary
Background: Recurrent shoulder dislocation and anterior instability are most commonly attributed to pathology of the capsulolabral complex with the presence of bony loss at the humeral and glenoid surfaces. Unassessed bone loss has been a cause of failure of primary soft tissue procedures or recurrence of symptoms, despite adequate address of soft tissue pathology. Purpose: To study the anthropometric and radiologic dimensions of the coracoid in relation to glenoid bone loss, its adequacy in filling glenoid defects in an Indian population, and whether the choice of surgical technique (congruent arc vs classical) and graft positioning alters the surgical results...
March 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618110/identification-of-myofascial-trigger-points-in-breast-cancer-survivors-with-upper-limb-pain-interrater-reliability
#7
An De Groef, Marijke Van Kampen, Evi Dieltjens, Sophie De Geyter, Lore Vos, Tessa De Vrieze, Inge Geraerts, Nele Devoogdt
Objective: Despite the increasing awareness of the contribution of myofascial dysfunctions to upper limb pain in breast cancer survivors, reliability of the identification of myofascial trigger points (MTPs) in this population has not yet been investigated. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the interrater reliability of the identification of MTPs by palpation at the upper limb region in breast cancer survivors with upper limb pain. Design: Interrater reliability study...
November 22, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614444/scapular-osteochondroma-with-winging-a-case-report
#8
Raheef Alatassi, Saeed Koaban, Ismaeal Almugebel, Abdullah Alshehri
INTRODUCTION: Osteochondroma, a type of cartilaginous tumour, is the most common benign tumour affecting the bone. These tumours usually arise around the knee, proximal humerus, and pelvis, but very rarely occur at the scapula. Osteochondromas are usually asymptomatic and uncomplicated, but must be treated by surgical resection. PRESENTATION OF CASE: In this report, we present a rare case of a symptomatic scapular osteochondroma associated with scapular winging in a 30-year-old man...
March 28, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610705/osteology-of-batrachuperus-londongensis-urodela-hynobiidae-study-of-bony-anatomy-of-a-facultatively-neotenic-salamander-from-mount-emei-sichuan-province-china
#9
Jian-Ping Jiang, Jia Jia, Meihua Zhang, Ke-Qin Gao
The Longdong Stream Salamander Batrachuperus londongensis , living in a mountain stream environment at Mt. Emei in Sichuan Province, China, represents a rare species that is facultatively neotenic in the family Hynobiidae. Although the species has been known to science for some 40 years since its initial discovery in the late 1970s, anatomical details of its osteology remain poorly understood and developmental information is still lacking for the species. This study (1) provides a detailed osteological account of B...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602634/scapular-kinematic-alterations-during-arm-elevation-with-decrease-in-pectoralis-minor-stiffness-after-stretching-in-healthy-individuals
#10
Jun Umehara, Masatoshi Nakamura, Satoru Nishishita, Hiroki Tanaka, Ken Kusano, Noriaki Ichihashi
BACKGROUND: Pectoralis minor tightness may be seen in individuals with scapular dyskinesis, and stretching is used for the treatment of altered scapular motion in sports and clinical fields. However, few researchers have reported on the effects of pectoralis minor stiffness on scapular motion during arm elevation. This study investigated whether an acute decrease of pectoralis minor stiffness after stretching changes the scapular motion during arm elevation. METHODS: The study allocated 15 dominant and 15 nondominant upper limbs in healthy men as control and interventional limbs, respectively...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600214/an-intramuscular-chondrolipoma-of-the-scapula-a-case-report-of-a-rare-tumor-in-an-unusual-location
#11
Ying-Cheng Huang, Shan-Wei Yang, Chun-Yu Chen, Jenn-Huei Renn
Introduction: Chondrolipomas are rare benign mesenchymal tumors primarily occurring in the shoulder region. To the best of our knowledge, only one case of chondrolipoma arising from the shoulder has been reported. We herein report an intramuscular chondrolipoma located in an unusual area of the scapula. Our case is interesting because magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) that shows lipomatous tumor masses with cartilaginous nodules may mislead surgeons into not considering the possibility of chondrolipomas...
November 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582519/peripheral-neuropathy-in-tangier-disease-a-literature-review-and-assessment
#12
Metin Mercan, Vildan Yayla, Serdar Altinay, Serhat Seyhan
Tangier disease (OMIM#205400) is a rare cause of inherited metabolic neuropathies characterized by marked deficiency of high-density lipoproteins and accumulation of cholesterol esters in various tissue resulting from reverse cholesterol transport deficiency. We report a case of a patient with Tangier disease with multifocal demyelinating neuropathy with conduction block who presents with winging scapula, tongue and asymmetric extremity weakness. We also present a review of all studies published from 1960 to 2017 regarding peripheral neuropathy in Tangier disease...
March 26, 2018: Journal of the Peripheral Nervous System: JPNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581990/inter-and-intraspecific-variations-in-the-pectoral-muscles-of-common-chimpanzees-pan-troglodytes-bonobos-pan-paniscus-and-humans-homo-sapiens
#13
J M Potau, J Arias-Martorell, G Bello-Hellegouarch, A Casado, J F Pastor, F de Paz, R Diogo
We have analyzed anatomic variations in the pectoralis major and pectoralis minor muscles of common chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and bonobos (Pan paniscus) and compared them to anatomic variations in these muscles in humans (Homo sapiens) . We have macroscopically dissected these muscles in six adult Pan troglodytes , five Pan paniscus of ages ranging from fetus to adult, and five adult Homo sapiens . Although Pan troglodytes are thought to lack a separate pectoralis abdominis muscle, we have identified this muscle in three of the Pan troglodytes ; none of the Pan paniscus , however, had this muscle...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581658/effect-of-interferential-current-therapy-on-forward-head-posture
#14
Ye-Jin Choi, Hee-Jung Kim, Sun-Young Han, Bo-Ram Choi
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of interferential current therapy on the shoulder muscles of subjects with forward head posture. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty volunteers (15 forward head posture, 15 control) participated in this study. Interferential current therapy treatment was conducted for 10 min, three times per week, for 3 weeks on both the upper trapezius and levator scapulae. Subjects were measured anterior both acromion distance and posterior both acromial distance using a ruler, and the forward head posture angle using an electronic application...
March 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580228/intra-and-interobserver-reliability-of-glenoid-fracture-classifications-by-ideberg-euler-and-ao
#15
F Gilbert, L Eden, R Meffert, F Konietschke, J Lotz, L Bauer, W Staab
BACKGROUND: Representing 3%-5% of shoulder girdle injuries scapula fractures are rare. Furthermore, approximately 1% of scapula fractures are intraarticularfractures of the glenoid fossa. Because of uncertain fracture morphology and limited experience, the treatment of glenoid fossa fractures is difficult. The glenoid fracture classification by Ideberg (1984) and Euler (1996) is still commonly used in literature. In 2013 a new glenoid fracture classification was introduced by the AO. The purpose of this study was to examine the new AO classification in clinical practice in comparison with the classifications by Ideberg and Euler...
March 27, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577813/scapular-kinematics-during-scaption-in-competitive-swimmers
#16
Y Blache, B Gillet, J Selin, V Sevrez, I Rogowski
This study aimed (1) to describe and compare scapular kinematics between three groups of swimmers of different levels and a group of non-swimmers, and (2) to assess whether swimming practice alters the asymmetries in scapular kinematics between the dominant and non-dominant sides, both during unilateral arm raising and lowering in the scapular plane. Scapular kinematics were assessed bilaterally during arm raising and lowering in the scapular plane using an electromagnetic system in 42 healthy males, which were split into four groups: control (n = 11), adolescent elite swimmers (n = 11), adult elite swimmers (n = 10), and club-level adult swimmers (n = 10)...
March 24, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576340/superior-glenoid-inclination-and-rotator-cuff-tears
#17
Peter N Chalmers, Lindsay Beck, Erin Granger, Heath Henninger, Robert Z Tashjian
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study were to determine whether glenoid inclination (1) could be measured accurately on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using computed tomography (CT) as a gold standard, (2) could be measured reliably on MRI, and (3) whether it differed between patients with rotator cuff tears and age-matched controls without evidence of rotator cuff tears or glenohumeral osteoarthritis. METHODS: In this comparative retrospective radiographic study, we measured glenoid inclination on T1 coronal MRI corrected into the plane of the scapula...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574815/reconstruction-of-major-defects-of-the-jaws
#18
M D Batstone
Prosthetic replacements in the 19th and early 20th century were superseded by pedicled flaps and obturators. These have subsequently been superseded by free tissue transfer which currently is the mainstay of reconstructive jaw surgery. Although malignant and benign processes of the jaws are the predominant cause of segmental defects, a significant proportion still occurs due to trauma, or even iatrogenic causes such as radiotherapy. The varied aetiologies demand a nuanced approach to reconstruction and although the techniques remain similar the timing can be quite different...
March 2018: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573001/a-cadaveric-study-validating-in-vitro-monitoring-techniques-to-measure-the-failure-mechanism-of-glenoid-implants-against-clinical-ct
#19
Sarah Junaid, Thomas Gregory, Shirley Fetherston, Roger Emery, Andrew A Amis, Ulrich Hansen
Definite glenoid implant loosening is identifiable on radiographs, however, identifying early loosening still eludes clinicians. Methods to monitor glenoid loosening in vitro have not been validated to clinical imaging. This study investigates the correlation between in vitro measures and CT images. Ten cadaveric scapulae were implanted with a pegged glenoid implant and fatigue tested to failure. Each scapulae were cyclically loaded superiorly and CT scanned every 20,000 cycles until failure to monitor progressive radiolucent lines...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572729/decision-making-for-complex-scapula-and-ipsilateral-clavicle-fractures-a-review
#20
REVIEW
Florian Hess, Ralph Zettl, Daniel Smolen, Christoph Knoth
INTRODUCTION: Complex scapula with ipsilateral clavicle fracures remains a challange and treatment recommendations are still missing.  This review provides an overview of the evolution of the definition, classification and treatment strategies for complex scapula and ipsilateral clavicle fractures. As with other rare conditions, consensus has not been reached on the most suitable management strategies to treat these patients. The aim of this review is twofold: to compile and summarize the currently available literature on this topic, and to recommend treatment approaches...
March 23, 2018: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
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