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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630837/excision-of-solitary-osteochondroma-on-the-ventral-aspect-of-left-scapula-presenting-as-pseudowinging-in-a-4-year-old-boy-a-rare-case-report
#1
P Hegin Tungdim, I Ibomcha Singh, Sagnik Mukherjee, Tobu Pertin
INTRODUCTION: Osteochondroma is a benign bony lesion with cartilaginous cap occurring usually in long bones, but flat bones may also be involved, either isolated or as a part of a syndrome. Usually, they are asymptomatic, but appearance of symptoms such as mass effect may warrant surgical intervention, which is usually delayed till skeletal maturity. CASE REPORT: A 4-year-old male child presented with swelling on ventral aspect of inferior angle of scapula associated with pain, pseudowinging of scapula, and snapping sound of the left shoulder on movement...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626327/the-effects-of-dynamic-exercise-using-the-proprioceptive-neuromuscular-facilitation-pattern-on-posture-in-healthy-adults
#2
Misuk Cho, Wontae Gong
[Purpose] The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of dynamic exercise utilizing the proprioceptor neuromuscular facilitation pattern accompanied by abdominal drawing-in exercises on posture in healthy adults. [Subjects and Methods] The total number of subjects were 32; 16 were randomly placed in the training group, and the remaining 16 made up the control group. The subjects in the training group conducted 5 sets of dynamic exercises utilizing the proprioceptor neuromuscular facilitation patterns each day, 3 times a week for 6 weeks...
June 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626317/the-effect-of-the-push-up-plus-on-shoulder-muscle-activation-while-using-a-sling-with-a-pulley
#3
Kim Tae Ho, Kong Kwan Woo
[Purpose] This study was conducted to investigate the effects of the push-up plus while using a balance ball, a sling, and a sling with a pulley in a creeping position on an unstable floor. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were divided into three groups of 15 members each who performed the different three type methods of push-up plus (with scapulae protruding) in a random order while in a creeping posture. The muscle activity of each group in the push-up plus posture was measured using electromyography, and the measurement values were compared among the groups using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA)...
June 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624856/the-glenocapsular-ligament-and-the-posterosuperior-part-of-the-joint-capsule-of-the-shoulder-are-well-vascularized
#4
Elle Põldoja, Madis Rahu, Kristo Kask, Jüri-Toomas Kartus, Imke Weyers, Ivo Kolts
PURPOSE: A detailed structural anatomy of the posterosuperior shoulder capsule and "glenocapsular ligament" is still rather unknown. The purpose of this study was meticulously to investigate and describe the structure and blood supply of the glenocapsular ligament on the posterosuperior shoulder joint capsule. METHOD: Sixteen fixed and twelve fresh cadaveric shoulder specimens with a mean age of 73.4 (±6.4) years were analysed. Dissection without arterial injection was performed on the 16 fixed specimens-using an alcohol-formalin-glycerol solution...
June 17, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621033/dicephalic-parapagus-conjoined-twins-in-a-large-fruit-eating-bat-genus-artibeus-chiroptera-phyllostomidae
#5
M R Nogueira, A Ventura, C C P da Veiga, L R Monteiro, N L Pinheiro, A L Peracchi
Conjoined twinning is an embryological anomaly rarely reported in wild mammals and with only two previous records in Chiroptera. Here, we report a case of dicephalic parapagus conjoined twins in the Neotropical phyllostomid genus Artibeus. These twins are males and present separated heads and necks, but a conjoined trunk with an expanded upper thoracic region. They developed two complete forelimbs and two complete hindlimbs, all laterally to the trunk. There is a volume in the upper midback and between the heads that resembles a third rudimentary medial forelimb, but X-ray images only suggest the presence of medial skeletal elements of the pectoral girdle (clavicle and scapulae) in this region...
June 16, 2017: Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614252/suprascapular-nerve-entrapment-caused-by-an-intraosseous-ganglion-of-the-scapula-a-case-report
#6
Jung Ryul Kim, Sung Il Wang
RATIONALE: Suprascapular nerve compression is a rare but important entity that is often missed in clinical practice. Nerve dysfunction caused by an intraosseous ganglion of the glenoid is extremely rare, to the best of our knowledge, only 1 case of suprascapular nerve entrapment due to an intraosseous ganglion cyst has been reported previously in the published literature. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a 61-year-old woman who had complained right shoulder pain that lasted over 3 years which was exacerbated by overhead activities...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606639/isolated-serratus-palsy-etiology-influences-its-long-term-outcome
#7
Martti Vastamäki, Leena Ristolainen, Heidi Vastamäki, Veera Pikkarainen
HYPOTHESIS AND BACKGROUND: The cause of isolated serratus palsy is multifactorial, but evaluation of the mechanism of the injury indicates that the lesion to the long thoracic nerve is mechanical in origin in most cases. What is unknown, however, is how etiology influences its long-term outcome. We believed that overuse injuries may recover sooner and better than acute traumatic, infectious, or inflammatory injuries. METHODS: We determined the presumed etiology of isolated serratus palsy in 92 patients treated by brace or observation only and compared it with its long-term outcome after a mean follow-up of 18...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606333/sex-estimation-from-the-scapula-in-a-contemporary-thai-population-applications-for-forensic-anthropology
#8
Tanya R Peckmann, Shelby Scott, Susan Meek, Pasuk Mahakkanukrauh
The impact of climate change is estimated to be particularly severe in Thailand. Overall, the country faces an increase in surface temperatures, severe storms and floods, and a possible increase in the number of mass disasters in the region. It is extremely important that forensic scientists have access to sex estimation methods developed for use on a Thai population. The goal of this project is to evaluate the accuracy of sex estimation discriminant functions, created using contemporary Mexican and Greek populations, when applied to a contemporary Thai sample...
July 2017: Science & Justice: Journal of the Forensic Science Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605288/neck-and-scapula-focused-exercise-training-on-patients-with-non-specific-neck-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Taha Ibrahim Yildiz, Elif Turgut, Irem Duzgun
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of additional 6-week scapular stabilization training in patients with non-specific neck pain (NNP). MATERIALS AND METHOD: Thirty patients with non-specific neck pain were randomly allocated to the study. Fifteen participants in the intervention group (IG) received neck-focused exercise and scapular stabilization training while 15 participants in the control group(CG) received neck-focused exercise training...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595162/rotator-cuff-tendinopathy-alters-the-muscle-activity-onset-and-kinematics-of-scapula
#10
Hio Teng Leong, Gabriel Yin-Fat Ng, Shing Chung Chan, Siu Ngor Fu
Athletes with rotator cuff (RC) tendinopathy demonstrate an aberrant pattern of scapular motion which might relate to deficits in the scapular muscles. This study aimed to determine whether alteration in scapular kinematics is associated with deficits in the activity onset of scapular muscles. Forty-three male volleyball players (17 asymptomatic and 26 with RC tendinopathy) joined the study. Three-dimensional scapular kinematics was quantified using an acromial marker cluster method. The activity onset of the upper (UT), middle (MT), and lower trapezius (LT), and serratus anterior (SA) during arm abduction was assessed with electromyography...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593097/the-effect-of-electrical-stimulation-versus-sham-cueing-on-scapular-position-during-exercise-in-patients-with-scapular-dyskinesis
#11
Deborah L Walker, Cheryl J Hickey, Mason B Tregoning
BACKGROUND: Conventional therapeutic exercise programs are commonly used to treat patients with scapular dyskinesis. There are no studies that have examined traditional therapeutic exercise programs with the addition of remote triggered electrical stimulation (ES) to affect the position of the scapula (using spine to scapular border distance as a reference point) during the performance of exercises that have lower upper trapezius (UT) to lower trapezius (LT) ratio exercises. PURPOSE: The purpose of this pilot study was to compare scapular position after performance of three low UT/LT ratio therapeutic exercises in two conditions, electrical stimulation (ESTherex) and sham electrical stimulation (ShamTherex) in asymptomatic persons who were positive for scapular dyskinesis...
June 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578252/stretching-position-can-affect-levator-scapular-muscle-activity-length-and-cervical-range-of-motion-in-people-with-a-shortened-levator-scapulae
#12
Hyo-Jung Jeong, Heon-Seock Cynn, Chung-Hwi Yi, Jang-Whon Yoon, Ji-Hyun Lee, Tae-Lim Yoon, Bo-Been Kim
OBJECTIVES: Levator scapulae (LS) muscle stretching exercises are a common method of lengthening a shortened muscle; however, the appropriate stretching position for lengthening the LS in people with a shortened LS remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of different stretching exercise positions on the LS and introduce effective stretching exercise methods to clinicians. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-four university students (12 men, 12 women) with a shortened LS were recruited...
April 4, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576347/scapular-muscle-dysfunction-associated-with-subacromial-pain-syndrome
#13
Birgit Castelein, Barbara Cagnie, Ann Cools
STUDY DESIGN: Narrative Review. INTRODUCTION: One of the shoulder pain disorders in which the function of the scapula is comprised is the subacromial pain syndrome. Several rehabilitation guidelines and exercises have been proposed to improve scapulothoracic muscle dysfunction. Consideration of muscle activation patterns may help to select the most appropriate rehabilitation exercise in these patients. To date, suggesting rehabilitation exercises is often based upon the knowledge of the superficial lying scapulothoracic muscles' activity...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576279/-atypical-reaction-to-anesthesia-in-duchenne-becker-muscular-dystrophy
#14
Helga Cristina Almeida da Silva, Marcia Hiray, Mariz Vainzof, Beny Schmidt, Acary Souza Bulle Oliveira, José Luiz Gomes do Amaral
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Duchenne/Becker muscular dystrophy affects skeletal muscles and leads to progressive muscle weakness and risk of atypical anesthetic reactions following exposure to succinylcholine or halogenated agents. The aim of this report is to describe the investigation and diagnosis of a patient with Becker muscular dystrophy and review the care required in anesthesia. CASE REPORT: Male patient, 14 years old, referred for hyperCKemia (chronic increase of serum creatine kinase levels - CK), with CK values of 7,779-29,040IU...
May 30, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572850/the-treatment-of-multidirectional-instability-of-the-shoulder-with-a-rehabilitation-programme-part-2
#15
REVIEW
Lyn Watson, Sarah Warby, Simon Balster, Ross Lenssen, Tania Pizzari
BACKGROUND: The most commonly recommended initial treatment for multidirectional instability is a rehabilitation program. Although there is evidence to support the effect of conservative management on this condition, the published literature provides little information on the exercise parameters of such programs. METHODS: This paper is the second part of a two-part series that outlines a six-stage rehabilitation program for multidirectional instability with a focus on scapula control and exercise drills into functional positions...
January 2017: Shoulder & Elbow
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571232/morel-lavallee-lesions-review-of-pathophysiology-clinical-findings-imaging-findings-and-management
#16
REVIEW
Sreelatha Diviti, Nishant Gupta, Kusum Hooda, Komal Sharma, Lawrence Lo
Morel-Lavallee lesion is a post-traumatic soft tissue degloving injury. This is commonly associated with sports injury caused by a shearing force resulting in separation of the hypodermis from the deeper fascia. Most common at the greater trochanter, these injuries also occur at flank, buttock, lumbar spine, scapula and the knee. Separation of the tissue planes result in a complex serosanguinous fluid collection with areas of fat within it. The imaging appearance is variable and non specific, potentially mimicking simple soft tissue haematoma, superficial bursitis or necrotic soft tissue neoplasms...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569257/current-status-and-future-prospect-of-fshd-region-gene-1
#17
Arman Kunwar Hansda, Ankit Tiwari, Manjusha Dixit
FSHD region gene 1 (FRG1), as the name suggests, is the primary candidate gene for fascioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy disease. It seemingly affects muscle physiology in normal individuals but in FSHD, where it is found to be highly upregulated, might be involved in disruption of face, scapula and humeral skeletal muscle. Literature on FRG1, reviewed from 1996 to 2016, reveals that it is primarily associated with muscle development and maintenance. Approximately 75% of FSHD patients also show vascular abnormalities indicating that FRG1 might have some part to play in these abnormalities...
June 2017: Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567224/the-dimensions-of-the-scapula-glenoid-in-japanese-rotator-cuff-tear-patients
#18
Yoshiharu Shimozono, Ryuzo Arai, Shuichi Matsuda
BACKGROUND: Reverse total shoulder arthroplasty has become a widely accepted surgical procedure in Japan since the time when the implants were approved for use in 2014. There is a doubt, however, as to whether the implants designed for Western people are suitable for Japanese people, particularly for females of relatively small stature. The purpose of this study was to investigate the glenoid dimension, with special focus on the length after glenoid reaming, in Japanese rotator cuff tear patients...
June 2017: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567155/ballistic-trauma-of-limbs
#19
Léopold Lamah, Damany Keita, Ibrahima Marie Camara, Mohamed Lamine Bah, Sidimé Sory, Mamadou Moustapha Diallo
The objective of our study was to report the management and follow-up of a particular case of ballistic trauma and to do the literature review. OBSERVATION: A 35-year-old patient, a trader who was the victim of a firearm accident under not very clear circumstances. He was admitted to the emergency department after 3 hours. Clinically, the patient had significant bleeding in the arm and was in a state of clouding of consciousness. We could notice on the right arm, a posterior large transfixing wound of 1 cm and a 6 cm one on the antero-internal side...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554052/acute-effects-of-spinal-bracing-on-scapular-kinematics-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#20
Gozde Gur, Elif Turgut, Cigdem Ayhan, Gul Baltaci, Yavuz Yakut
BACKGROUND: Bracing is the most common nonsurgical treatment for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spinal braces affect glenohumeral and scapulothoracic motion because they restrict trunk movements. However, the potential spinal-bracing effects on scapular kinematics are unknown. The present study aimed to investigate the acute effects of spinal bracing on scapular kinematics in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. METHODS: Scapular kinematics, including scapular internal/external rotation, posterior/anterior tilting, and downward/upward rotation during scapular plane elevation, were evaluated in 27 in-brace and out-of-brace adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients with a three-dimensional electromagnetic tracking system...
May 22, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
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