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Invasive fungal sinusitis

Pedro Llinares, Isabel Ruiz, Rafael Zaragoza, Ricard Ferrer, Alejandro H Rodríguez, Emilio Maseda, Santiago Grau
BACKGROUND: Although in the past decade the management of invasive fungal infections has improved, a number of controversies persist regarding empirical antifungal treatment in critically-ill hematology patients. AIMS: To identify key clinical knowledge to elaborate a set of recommendations, with a high level of consensus, necessary for the approach to fungal infections in critically-ill hematology patients. METHODS: A Spanish prospective questionnaire, which measures consensus through the Delphi technique, was anonymously answered and e-mailed by 30 multidisciplinary national experts, all specialists in fungal invasive infections from six scientific national societies; intensivists, anesthesiologists, microbiologists, pharmacologists and specialists in infectious diseases...
October 14, 2016: Revista Iberoamericana de Micología
Jordan J Allensworth, Scott H Troob, Tyler S Weaver, Javier D Gonzalez, Daniel Petrisor, Mark K Wax
OBJECTIVE: Acute invasive fungal sinusitis (AIFS) is a frequently fatal infection for which extensive and debilitating surgical debridement is a mainstay of therapy. Resulting defects are often composite in nature, mandating free tissue-transfer reconstruction. Outcomes data for free flap reconstruction are limited. The purpose of this study was to examine surgical outcomes and survival in patients undergoing free flap transfer following invasive fungal sinusitis. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series...
October 12, 2016: Laryngoscope
Aaron Smith, Vikrum Thimmappa, Brandon Shepherd, Meredith Ray, Anthony Sheyn, Jerome Thompson
BACKGROUND: Invasive fungal sinusitis (IFS) represents an often fatal condition within the pediatric population. In an effort to characterize demographics, treatment modalities, and prognostic factors, we performed a systematic review. METHODS: We systematically reviewed EMBASE, Medline, TRIPdatabase, SCOPUS and the Cochrane database for invasive fungal nasal and sinus infections limited to individuals <18 years of age. Case series including 3 or more patients were included...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Ozge Turhan, Asli Bostanci, Irem Hicran Ozbudak, Murat Turhan
Chronic invasive nongranulomatous fungal rhinosinusitis is a well-described but uncommon type of fungal rhinosinusitis (FRS). While the prevalence of chronic FRS is 0.11% in healthy individuals, only 1.3% of them are in nongranulomatous invasive nature. The majority of the cases in the literature have been reported from developing countries mostly located in the tropical regions, as typically occurring in the background of diabetes mellitus or corticosteroid treatment. The current paper reports four consecutive cases, who were diagnosed within a short period of six months at a single center of a country located outside the tropical climate zone...
2016: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Hyun Jung Gu, Young Jin Kim, Hee Joo Lee, Sung Hwa Dong, Sung Wan Kim, Hee Jae Huh, Chang-Seok Ki
Human Lasiodiplodia theobromae infection has not been reported frequently. We report the first case of invasive L. theobromae nasal and neck infection. A 66-year-old male visited our hospital with anemia and general weakness. He showed pancytopenia, and his bone marrow examination revealed markedly decreased hematopoietic cells. The patient was presumed to have iatrogenic aplastic anemia due to mushroom toxicity. He began treatment for multiple organ infections with broad-spectrum antibiotics and antifungal agents...
September 20, 2016: Mycopathologia
W Zhou, Q Liu, W D Zhao, H P Yu, X C Sun, J J Wang, Z F Liu, H Y Li, C Q Zheng, S Y Wang, D H Wang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the survival outcomes of invasive fungal rhinosinusitis by analyzing the clinical features. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed for cases of invasive fungal sinusitis proved by histological analysis between March 2006 and November 2015. All relevant factors including interval from the onset of symptoms to initiation of diagnosis, clinical characteristics, features of CT and MRI, treatment and prognosis were collected. A total of 18 patients (10 males; 8 females) were identified...
August 7, 2016: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
Mayara Tabai, Igor Moreira Hazboun, Emerson Taro Inoue Sakuma, Marcelo Hamilton Sampaio, Eulalia Sakano
Introduction. A range of traumatic, vascular, inflammatory, infectious, and neoplastic processes can affect the orbit and its structures. In the area of otolaryngology, the rhino-orbital-cerebral involvement of invasive fungal rhinosinusitis can affect the orbit, which may look like initially a rhinosinusitis or even mimic malignancy. Case Presentation. Female patient, 32 years old, with headache and ocular proptosis. She was using prednisone in immunosuppressive doses for a year and had breast cancer treated three years earlier...
2016: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Arnault Tauziède-Espariat, Michel Wassef, Homa Adle-Biassette, Alexandre Alanio, Stéphane Bretagne, Fanny Lanternier, Mohammed Boui, Olivier Bouchaud, Pierre Vironneau, Romain Kania, Grégory Jouvion, Fabrice Chrétien, Marion Classe
Rhino-sinusal infections are serious diseases and possibly lethal. When they are invasive, we easily discuss apergilloses and mucormycoses. The confirmation of the diagnosis of mucormycosis need an extensive surgery for precise histopathological and mycological evaluation. The pathologist may be faced to other rare mycoses such as phaeohyphomycoses, which present different morphological features than mucormycoses and Aspergillus. Once the diagnosis is established, an appropriate antifungal treatment is quickly started...
August 2016: Annales de Pathologie
Patricia A Loftus, Sarah K Wise
Allergic fungal rhinosinusitis (AFRS) is the most common form of fungal sinusitis in the United States. Its pathophysiological basis is associated with a predisposed person's type I IgE-mediated allergic response to inhaled mold spores that are ubiquitous in the environment. AFRS is a well-recognized type of chronic, recurrent, and non-invasive hypertrophic sinus disease that affects immunocompetent hosts, most commonly young African American males. There are 5 main criteria used for the diagnosis of AFRS, one being the presence of nasal polyposis...
2016: Advances in Oto-rhino-laryngology
Brian D'Anza, Janalee Stokken, J Scott Greene, Thomas Kennedy, Troy D Woodard, Raj Sindwani
BACKGROUND: Chronic invasive fungal sinusitis (CIFS) is a rare subtype of mycotic diseases involving the paranasal sinuses. It is characterized by a slow onset and invasive organisms with non-granulomatous inflammation seen on histopathology. Historically, treatment has involved radical surgical resection. The purpose of this study was to describe the presentation, comorbidities, and role of more conservative treatment options. METHODS: This is a multi-institutional retrospective case series of 6 patients with CIFS over 15 years...
July 27, 2016: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
Jose Gavito-Higuera, Carola Birgit Mullins, Luis Ramos-Duran, Hugo Sandoval, Nassim Akle, Ramon Figueroa
Fungal infections of the nose and paranasal sinuses can be categorized into invasive and non-invasive forms. The clinical presentation and course of the disease is primarily determined by the immune status of the host and can range from harmless or subtle presentations to life threatening complications. Invasive fungal infections are categorized into acute, chronic or chronic granulomatous entities. Immunocompromised patients with poorly controlled diabetes mellitus, HIV and patients receiving chemotherapy or chronic oral corticosteroids are mostly affected...
2016: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science
Bipasha Mukherjee, Nirav Dilip Raichura, Md Shahid Alam
Fungal infections of the orbit can lead to grave complications. Although the primary site of inoculation of the infective organism is frequently the sinuses, the patients can initially present to the ophthalmologist with ocular signs and symptoms. Due to its varied and nonspecific clinical features, especially in the early stages, patients are frequently misdiagnosed and even treated with steroids which worsen the situation leading to dire consequences. Ophthalmologists should be familiar with the clinical spectrum of disease and the variable presentation of this infection, as early diagnosis and rapid institution of appropriate therapy are crucial elements in the management of this invasive sino-orbital infection...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Sandeep Suresh, Dayanand Arumugam, George Zacharias, Sengottaiah Palaninathan, Ravisankar Vishwanathan, Vaidyanathan Venkatraman
BACKGROUND: There are only a few landmark studies from the Indian subcontinent on fungal rhinosinusitis. The lack of awareness among clinicians regarding the varying clinical presentations of fungal rhinosinusitis prompted us to undertake this study. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence, etiologic basis, clinical features, radiologic features, and microscopic features of fungal rhinosinusitis, and to evaluate the various treatment modalities available. METHODS: This was a prospective study in which evaluation of 100 patients with chronic rhinosinusitis was done...
January 2016: Allergy & Rhinology
Yi Kyung Kim, Hyung Jin Kim, Hyo Yeol Kim, Jihoon Cha, Ji Young Lee, Seung Kyu Chung, Hun Jong Dhong, Mina Song, Sung Tae Kim
PURPOSE: Invasive fungal sinusitis (IFS) has rarely been reported to develop from non-IFS. The purpose of this study was to disclose the nature of the extrasinonasal infiltrative process in the presence of a sinonasal fungus ball (FB). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records, computed tomography, magnetic resonance images of 13 patients with sinonasal FB and the extrasinonasal infiltrative process. Based on histology and clinical course, we divided the extrasinonasal infiltrative process into IFS and the nonfungal inflammatory/infectious process (NFIP)...
July 2016: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
James Foshee, Chris Luminais, James Casey, Alexander Farag, Anthony Prestipino, Alfred Marc Iloreta, Gurston Nyquist, Marc Rosen
BACKGROUND: Invasive fungal sinusitis (IFS) is an aggressive mycosis of the nasal cavity with frequent extension to adjacent structures. Occurring more commonly in immunocompromised individuals, prognosis is typically poor despite aggressive treatment. This study aims to examine postoperative outcomes and survival of a cohort of fungal sinusitis patients at an academic center, as well as identify causes of death in IFS patients. METHODS: This study was a retrospective chart review of patient charts and departmental records, yielding patient demographics, medical and surgical treatments, pathology records, and outcomes data...
August 2016: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
Beata Sulik-Tyszka, Piotr Kacprzyk, Krzysztof Mądry, Bogna Ziarkiewicz-Wróblewska, Wiesław Jędrzejczak, Marta Wróblewska
Invasive aspergillosis (IA) is increasingly diagnosed in high-risk patients. The lesions are usually located in the lungs and/or sinuses, and the fungus may spread haematogenously to different organs; however, involvement of the heart during IA is very rare. We describe a unique case of invasive aspergillosis of the heart septum and the lungs in the allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplant recipient.
August 2016: Mycopathologia
Su Ho Kim, Jee Young Kim, Woo Chan Park, Mee Kyung Kim, Tae Jung Kim
A 29-year-old woman with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) presented with palpitation and neck swelling. Initial sonography showed an ill-defined hypoechoic lesion in the right thyroid gland, mentioning subacute thyroiditis. The patient received conservative care for one week. However, her neck swelling worsened and she complained of dyspnea. Follow up sonography showed marked enlargement of both thyroid glands. Irregular infiltration of hypoechoic lesions was detected along the subcapsular region of both thyroid glands...
January 2016: Iranian Journal of Radiology: a Quarterly Journal Published By the Iranian Radiological Society
Lin Lin, Ni Zhou, Zisong Chen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical features of fungal rhino-sinusitis. METHOD: Clinical data of 189 patients suffering from fungal rhino-sinusitis treated by functional endoscopic sinus surgery was analyzed retrospectively. The analyzed data included clinical type, age of onset, predilectionsite, reason, and surgical outcome. RESULT: Among the 189 patients with fungal rhino-sinusitis,181 cases were fungal ball,6 cases were allergic fungal rhino-sinusitis, 1 case was acute invasive fungnal rhino-sinusitis, 1 case was chronic invasive fungnal rhino-sinusitis...
December 2015: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
T C Li, Z G Zeng, S F Xiao, Y Qin, H Wang, Q G Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical features and treatment of chronic invasive fungal rhinosinusitis(CIFRS). METHODS: From June 2006 to August 2011, seven patients were pathologically diagnosed as CIFRS in otorhinolaryngology department of Peking university first hospital and included in this study. The clinical records were reviewed. The clinical features, clinical course, symptoms, clinical signs, CT/MRI scan of the sinuses, surgical approach, postoperative pathology and medications were analyzed retrospectively...
April 7, 2016: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
Jessica W Grayson, Sunny S Khichi, Do-Yeon Cho, Kristen O Riley, Bradford A Woodworth
OBJECTIVE: Inverted papilloma attached to the ventral skull base presents a surgical dilemma because surgical removal of the bony pedicle is critical to decrease risk of recurrence. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of endoscopic management of skull base inverted papilloma. STUDY DESIGN: Case series with planned data collection. SETTING: Tertiary medical center. SUBJECTS: Patients with skull base inverted papilloma...
July 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
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