Read by QxMD icon Read

Expeditionary medicine

Christopher T Lewis, W L Malein, Ian Chesner, S Clarke
INTRODUCTION: Measurement of physiological parameters in extreme environments is essential to advancing knowledge, prophylaxis and treatment of altitude sickness. Point-of-care testing facilitates investigation in non-specialist and remote settings, as well as becoming increasingly popular at the bedside for real-time results in the clinical environment. Arterialised capillary earlobe blood gases are recommended as a valid alternative to arterial sampling in research. This study aimed to test the feasibility of obtaining and analysing daily earlobe samples at high altitude...
March 25, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
Myles R McKenzie, Ernest W Parrish, Ethan A Miles, James C Spradling, Lanny F Littlejohn, Mark D Quinlan, George A Barbee, David R King
During an assault on an extremely remote target, a US Special Operations Soldier sustained multiple gunshot and fragmentation wounds to the thorax, resulting in a traumatic arrest and subsequent survival. His care, including care under fire, tactical field care, tactical evacuation care, and Role III, IV, and V care, is presented. The case is used to illustrate the complex dynamics of Special Operations care on the modern battlefield and the exceptional outcomes possible when evidence-based medicine is taken to the warfighter with effective, farforward, expeditionary medical-force projection...
2016: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
Miroslaw J Smogorzewski
The first alarming reports about a new disease called "trench nephritis" affecting soldiers of the British Expeditionary Forces in Flanders appeared in British medical press in 1915th. Soon, the Medical Research Council initiated a special research investigation on trench nephritis at St. Bartholomews Hospital and the results of these studies were discussed during the Royal Society of Medicine meeting in February 1916. William Osler was invited as one of the four main speakers for this presentation. He had lived in England since 1906 and served as the Regius Professor of Medicine at Oxford...
February 2016: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
Peter D Strube, Andrew D Perkins
Revolutionary innovations and technical advances in the disciplines of medicine, surgery, and anesthesia are inextricably connected to military conflict. The demonstrated lifesaving value of these novel approaches in high-acuity trauma has provided the impetus for translation of these elements into injury care in the civilian environment. One element of this battlefield medical revolution is the implementation and refinement of forward surgical care. All US military services have unique configurations of this surgical team to match their expeditionary capacity...
August 2015: AANA Journal
James R Wright, Leland B Baskin
CONTEXT: Historical research on pathology and laboratory medicine services in World War I has been limited. In the Spanish American War, these efforts were primarily focused on tropical diseases. World War I problems that could be addressed by pathology and laboratory medicine were strikingly different because of the new field of clinical pathology. Geographic differences, changing war tactics, and trench warfare created new issues. OBJECTIVES: To describe the scope of pathology and laboratory medicine services in World War I and the value these services brought to the war effort...
September 2015: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
John Hedley-Whyte, Debra R Milamed
The planning for surgery in war was revisited in 1937 when Ian Fraser was elected a member of the Surgical Travellers. At their 1938 Surgical Travellers meeting in Vienna, Ian and Eleanor Fraser were evicted from their hotel room by the Nazis. The 1939 meeting in Belfast discussed the organization of surgery and the conduct of Emergency Medical Service Hospitals in the United Kingdom; the vast majority were to be under civilian government and military control. From 1943 lengthy and informative organizational meetings were held at least monthly under the chairmanship of Sir Alexander Hood, KBE, Head of the RAMC...
September 2014: Ulster Medical Journal
Randy Russell, Alastair Reid, Guy Borgers, Henry Wassink, Andreas Grove, David W Niebuhr
BACKGROUND: Each time a deployed military member has an exacerbation of a pre-existing chronic disease there is a potential risk to mission success, individual health, and the safety of the unit. Currently, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) member nations employ different approaches to assessing an individual's medical fitness for deployment. OBJECTIVE: To set the minimum medical standards for NATO deployments. METHODS: A seven nation task group met periodically from 2008 to 2012 to develop guidelines for frontline military physicians to assess medical fitness for deployment...
December 2014: Military Medicine
Scott E Stanley, Jason B Faulkenberry
On 3 November 2012, in the wake of Superstorm Sandy, the 227th Preventive Medicine Medical Detachment deployed to support relief operations in New Jersey and New York State. The unit was on the severe weather support mission (SWRF) and ordered to provide preventive medicine support to relief personnel within the affected area. In addition, teams from the 227th conducted environmental surveillance in the two-state region where Army Corps of Engineers were pumping floodwaters from affected neighborhoods. The 227th rapid deployment highlights the complexities associated with defense support to civil authorities and provides excellent teaching points that may enhance units expeditionary posture, regardless of mission...
2014: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
Jean-François Hutin
When the civils of the Commission for Sciences and Arts and the doctors from Bonaparte's expeditionary forces under Desgenettes and Larrey's orders arrived in Egypt, they described richly the state of medecine and surgery, the therapeutical knowledges and the medical organisation of the conquered land. They were surprised at first and desappointed to see how poorly Herophile and Ibn-An-Nafis' "Art of Healing" was considered. However they quickly managed to extract its most original qualities - in particular in the pharmacopoeia--all the more because the loss of the hospital-ships and Aboukir's defeat forced them to stay in Egypt and to find there the remedies they were lacking of...
January 2014: Histoire des Sciences Médicales
K M Heil, A C M Keenan
In recent years, small scale counter-insurgency and expeditionary operations have frequently taken place in mountainous, high-altitude areas. Preparation of soldiers for these environments has typically focussed on extended stays at altitude to ensure physiological acclimatisation. However, with the likelihood that future UK deployments may be unpredictable and thus with little time for preparation, is there a means by which the same acclimatisation may be achieved? The field of athletics has been researching such adaptations since the rise of the elite North African long-distance runners in the 1960s...
2014: Journal of the Royal Naval Medical Service
G C Cook
Brigadier John Sinton is the only individual in history to have been both awarded the Victoria Cross and also elected to the Royal Society. He qualified at Belfast and afterwards joined the Indian Medical Service (IMS). Serving before and during the Great War (1914-18), he was first posted to the North-West Frontier province, and afterwards as a captain in the Indian Expeditionary force in Mesopotamia (now Iraq). It was there in 1916 that, shot in both arms during an engagement and under heavy gunfire, he remained steadfastly at his post; for this bravery he received the Victoria Cross...
May 2016: Journal of Medical Biography
Brett A Matzek, Phillip T Fivecoat, Reis B Ritz
BACKGROUND: Fracture diagnosis in the austere environment where radiographic tests are not available can be a challenge. In the past, a diagnostic technique has been described using a tuning fork and stethoscope to assess decreased sound conduction in the fractured extremity. In this study, we evaluate the use of a cellular phone's vibrate function and a stethoscope to limit equipment carried by expeditionary practitioners. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of fracture diagnosis using a cellular phone and stethoscope...
March 2014: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
Mark S Bailey
Infectious and tropical diseases have been a problem for British expeditionary forces ever since the Crusades. Outbreaks were especially common on Navy ships from the 16th to 18th centuries due to poor living conditions and travel to the tropics. However, since these occurred in small, isolated and controlled environments it meant that naval medical practitioners were able to keep detailed records and develop empirical approaches for their prevention. The first Royal Naval Hospitals were established in response to these diseases and Royal Navy doctors made valuable early contributions towards understanding them...
September 2013: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
Amy N Apodaca, Jonathan J Morrison, Mary Ann Spott, John J Lira, Jeffery Bailey, Brian J Eastridge, Robert L Mabry
Three Forward Aeromedical Evacuation platforms operate in Southern Afghanistan: UK Medical Emergency Response Team (MERT), US Air Force Expeditionary Rescue Squadron (PEDRO), and US Army Medical Evacuation Squadrons (DUSTOFF), each with a different clinical capability. Recent evidence suggests that retrieval by a platform with a greater clinical capability (MERT) is associated with improved mortality in critical patients when compared with platforms with less clinical capability (PEDRO and DUSTOFF). It is unclear whether this is due to en route resuscitation or the dispatch procedure...
July 2013: Shock
Chad M Thorson, Joseph J Dubose, Peter Rhee, Thomas E Knuth, Warren C Dorlac, Jeffrey A Bailey, George D Garcia, Mark L Ryan, Robert M Van Haren, Kenneth G Proctor
In the late 1990s, a Department of Defense subcommittee screened more than 100 civilian trauma centers according to the number of admissions, percentage of penetrating trauma, and institutional interest in relation to the specific training missions of each of the three service branches. By the end of 2001, the Army started a program at University of Miami/Ryder Trauma Center, the Navy began a similar program at University of Southern California/Los Angeles County Medical Center, and the Air Force initiated three Centers for the Sustainment of Trauma and Readiness Skills (C-STARS) at busy academic medical centers: R...
December 2012: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Jean-François Hutin
Bonaparte's Egyptian Campaign (1798 - 1801), like all other episodes from the Napoleonic era, gave rise to an extensive literature on the subject, but most of all a significant medical literature. This fact is due to many reasons:--an important health service for this expeditionary corps of more than 36.000 men, with two main figures at its hea, Desgenettes and Larrey--but also with valuable subordinates like Assalini, Savaresi, Balme, Pugnet or Barbès.--A Commission for Science and Art, of which a few doctors and surgeons were members, but most of all pharmacists like Boudet or Rouyer--The presence in the field of Ludwig Frank, the nephew of the famous Johann Peter Frank...
January 2012: Histoire des Sciences Médicales
H Heyries
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1999: Revue Historique des Armées
Brynn A Bird, Alexander David Wright, Mark H Wilson, Brian G Johnson, Chris H Imray
Ataxia at altitude is reviewed in relation to acute mountain sickness (AMS). The cause of ataxia occurring at altitude is unknown but may be hypoxia affecting basal ganglia and hindbrain activity. Ataxia is an important sign of high altitude cerebral edema (HACE) but is less well-established as a clinical feature of AMS. Assessment of ataxia is part of the Environmental Systems and the Lake Louise questionnaires, together with a heel-to-toe measurement. More precise measures of ataxia include the Sharpened Romberg Test (SRT) and the use of unstable platforms...
June 2011: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
Joseph J Stuart, Drew C Johnson
After the devastating earthquake in Haiti, the United States Air Force deployed multiple medical units as part of the disaster response. Air Force Special Operations Command medical teams provided initial medical response and assisted in the organization of medical assets. A small portable expeditionary aeromedical rapid response team with the assistance of a mobile aeromedical staging facility team stabilized patients for flight and coordinated air evacuation to the United States. An expeditionary medical support hospital was set up and assisted in patient movement to and from the USNS Comfort hospital ship...
2011: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"