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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142114/female-vervet-monkeys-fine-tune-decisions-on-tolerance-versus-conflict-in-a-communication-network
#1
Christèle Borgeaud, Alessandra Schnider, Michael Krützen, Redouan Bshary
Group living promotes opportunities for both cooperation and competition. Selection on the ability to cope with such opposing social opportunities has been proposed as a driving force in the evolution of large brains in primates and other social species. However, we still know little about the degree of complexity involved in such social strategies. Here, we report advanced social strategies in wild vervet monkeys. Building on recent experimental evidence that subordinate females trade grooming for tolerance from higher-ranking individuals during foraging activities, we show that the audience composition strongly affects this trade...
November 29, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139357/the-third-party-payers-withholders-they-have-a-license-to-steal-and-they-use-it
#2
EDITORIAL
W Clark Lambert, William Hurlock, José D Espinal-Mariotte, Jennifer L Parish, Lawrence Charles Parish
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Skinmed
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139016/methodological-strategies-in-using-home-sleep-apnea-testing-in-research-and-practice
#3
REVIEW
Jennifer N Miller, Paula Schulz, Bunny Pozehl, Douglas Fiedler, Alissa Fial, Ann M Berger
PURPOSE: Home sleep apnea testing (HSAT) has increased due to improvements in technology, accessibility, and changes in third party reimbursement requirements. Research studies using HSAT have not consistently reported procedures and methodological challenges. This paper had two objectives: (1) summarize the literature on use of HSAT in research of adults and (2) identify methodological strategies to use in research and practice to standardize HSAT procedures and information. METHODS: Search strategy included studies of participants undergoing sleep testing for OSA using HSAT...
November 14, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138194/the-costs-of-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-and-related-signs-and-symptoms-in-infants-a-systematic-literature-review-and-cost-calculation-for-england
#4
James Mahon, Carlos Lifschitz, Thomas Ludwig, Nikhil Thapar, Julie Glanville, Mohamad Miqdady, Miguel Saps, Seng Hock Quak, Irene Lenoir Wijnkoop, Mary Edwards, Hannah Wood, Hania Szajewska
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the cost of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) and related signs and symptoms in infants to the third party payer and to parents. STUDY DESIGN: To estimate the cost of illness (COI) of infant FGIDs, a two-stage process was applied: a systematic literature review and a COI calculation. As no pertinent papers were found in the systematic literature review, a 'de novo' analysis was performed. For the latter, the potential costs for the third party payer (the National Health Service (NHS) in England) and for parents/carers for the treatment of FGIDs in infants were calculated, by using publicly available data...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137385/improved-outcome-of-haploidentical-transplantation-in-severe-aplastic-anemia-using-reduced-intensity-fludarabine-based-conditioning
#5
Wu Yamei, Luo Rongmu, Cao Yongbin, Si Yingjian, Li Xiaohong, Zhang Xiaomei, Yan Pei, Du Zhenlan, Wang Haitao, Wang Jing, Wang Bojing, Wu Xiaoxiong, Da Wanming
Significant improvements in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) with haploidentical family donors (HFD) have confirmed its therapeutic role in severe aplastic anemia (SAA) and led to the evolution of treatment algorithms. However, the optimal conditioning regimen for HFD-HSCT remains undefined, especially the dosage of cyclophosphamide (Cy). A total of 77 patients with SAA from two research centers, who received HFD-HSCT with reduced-intensity fludarabine + cyclophosphamide + thymoglobulin ± busulfan conditioning regimen plus third-party cells infusion were included in this study, of which 67 pairs had 4-5 loci mismatched...
October 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136556/industry-interests-in-gambling-research-lessons-learned-from-other-forms-of-hazardous-consumption
#6
S Cowlishaw, S L Thomas
Research indicates that the evidential bases for many harm reduction policies targeting hazardous consumptions (including tobacco, alcohol and gambling) have been distorted by commercial industries that derive revenue from such commodities. These distortions are best illustrated by research on tobacco and alcohol, which indicates similar tactics used by industries to determine favourable policy environments through engineering of evidence, among other approaches. Although there is concern that gambling research is similarly vulnerable to commercial interests, the relevant literature lags far behind other fields and the aim of this paper is to increase familiarity with tactics used by industries for influencing research...
November 6, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131846/how-many-species-and-under-what-names-using-dna-barcoding-and-genbank-data-for-west-central-african-amphibian-conservation
#7
Jessica L Deichmann, Daniel G Mulcahy, Hadrien Vanthomme, Elie Tobi, Addison H Wynn, Breda M Zimkus, Roy W McDiarmid
Development projects in west Central Africa are proceeding at an unprecedented rate, often with little concern for their effects on biodiversity. In an attempt to better understand potential impacts of a road development project on the anuran amphibian community, we conducted a biodiversity assessment employing multiple methodologies (visual encounter transects, auditory surveys, leaf litter plots and pitfall traps) to inventory species prior to construction of a new road within the buffer zone of Moukalaba-Doudou National Park, Gabon...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129955/a-comparative-analysis-of-bioethical-issues-from-view-points-of-religious-affairs-administration-in-turkey-roman-catholicism-and-orthodox-judaism
#8
Cemal Huseyin Güvercin, Kerim M Munir
The arguments set forth by religious authority are important since they play a crucial role in shaping the social values of the public and influence the decision of individuals in practice pertaining to bioethical issues. The Religious Affairs Administration (RAA) was established at the inception of the Republic of Turkey in 1924 to guide religious considerations moving out of the Ottoman caliphate to a secular bioethical framework. In this article, the bioethical views of the RAA under Islamic tradition is examined and contrasted with those influenced by the Roman Catholic and Orthodox Judaic traditions...
July 2017: Acta Bioethica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126216/pager-2-0-an-update-to-the-pathway-annotated-list-and-gene-signature-electronic-repository-for-human-network-biology
#9
Zongliang Yue, Qi Zheng, Michael T Neylon, Minjae Yoo, Jimin Shin, Zhiying Zhao, Aik Choon Tan, Jake Y Chen
Integrative Gene-set, Network and Pathway Analysis (GNPA) is a powerful data analysis approach developed to help interpret high-throughput omics data. In PAGER 1.0, we demonstrated that researchers can gain unbiased and reproducible biological insights with the introduction of PAGs (Pathways, Annotated-lists and Gene-signatures) as the basic data representation elements. In PAGER 2.0, we improve the utility of integrative GNPA by significantly expanding the coverage of PAGs and PAG-to-PAG relationships in the database, defining a new metric to quantify PAG data qualities, and developing new software features to simplify online integrative GNPA...
November 8, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116134/behavioural-differences-and-neural-substrates-of-altruistic-and-spiteful-punishment
#10
Toshio Yamagishi, Yang Li, Alan S R Fermin, Ryota Kanai, Haruto Takagishi, Yoshie Matsumoto, Toko Kiyonari, Masamichi Sakagami
Altruistic punishment following social norm violations promotes human cooperation. However, experimental evidence indicates that some forms of punishment are spiteful rather than altruistic. Using two types of punishment games and seven non-strategic games, we identified strong behavioural differences between altruistic and spiteful punishers. Altruistic punishers who rejected unfair offers in the ultimatum game and punished norm violators in the third-party punishment game behaved pro-socially in various non-strategic games...
November 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114214/commentary-the-emerging-neuroscience-of-third-party-punishment
#11
COMMENT
Oksana Zinchenko, Vasily Klucharev
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109517/workplace-violence-among-female-sex-workers-who-use-drugs-in-vancouver-canada-does-client-targeted-policing-increase-safety
#12
Amy Prangnell, Kate Shannon, Ekaterina Nosova, Kora DeBeck, M-J Milloy, Thomas Kerr, Kanna Hayashi
Workplace violence, by clients or predators, poses serious negative health consequences for sex workers. In 2013, the Vancouver (British Columbia), Canada Police Department changed their guidelines with the goal of increasing safety for sex workers by focusing law enforcement on clients and third parties, but not sex workers. We sought to examine the trends and correlates of workplace violence among female sex workers (FSW) before and after the guideline change, using data collected from prospective cohorts of persons who use illicit drugs in Vancouver, Canada...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108987/insurance-related-practices-at-title-x-funded-family-planning-centers-under-the-affordable-care-act-survey-and-interview-findings
#13
Mia R Zolna, Megan L Kavanaugh, Kinsey Hasstedt
INTRODUCTION: Given the recent reforms in the United States health care system, including the passage and implementation of the Affordable Care Act, as well as anticipated upcoming changes to health care coverage, it is critical that publicly funded health care providers understand how to effectively work with their states' Medicaid program and the private health insurance plans in their service area to provide high-quality contraceptive care to the millions of women relying on services at these sites annually...
November 3, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107887/the-early-social-significance-of-shared-ritual-actions
#14
Zoe Liberman, Katherine D Kinzler, Amanda L Woodward
Many rituals are socially stipulated such that engaging in a group's rituals can fundamentally signal membership in that group. Here, we asked whether infants infer information about people's social affiliation based on whether those people perform the same ritualistic action versus different actions. We presented 16-month-old infants with two people who used the same object to achieve the same goal: turning on a light. In a first study, the actions that the actors used to turn on the light had key properties of ritual: they were not causally necessary to reach the overall goal, and there were no features of the situation that required doing the particular actions...
November 3, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106816/insulin-glargine-300-u-ml-is-associated-with-less-weight-gain-while-maintaining-glycemic-control-and-low-risk-of-hypoglycemia-compared-with-insulin-glargine-100-u-ml-in-an-aging-population-with-type-2-diabetes
#15
Medha N Munshi, Jasvinder Gill, Jason Chao, Elena V Nikonova, Meenakshi Patel
OBJECTIVE: Assess efficacy, hypoglycemia and weight gain in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) treated with insulin glargine 300 U/mL (Gla-300) or 100 U/mL (Gla-100) across different age groups. METHODS: Pooled data were generated for patients randomized to Gla-300 or Gla-100 in the EDITION 2 (NCT01499095) and 3 (NCT01676220) studies. In four age groups (<55, ≥55 to <60, ≥60 to <65, ≥65 years), glycated hemoglobin A1C (A1C), percentage of patients reaching A1C <7...
November 6, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105528/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-tissue-plasminogen-activator-in-acute-ischemic-stroke-in-iran
#16
Asrin Amiri, Reza Goudarzi, Mohammadreza Amiresmaili, Farhad Iranmanesh
AIMS: Tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) is used to treat acute ischemic stroke up to 4.5 hours after symptom onset. Its cost-effectiveness in developing countries is not specified yet. This study aimed to study cost-effectiveness of tPA in Iran. METHODS: This is a cost-effectiveness analysis from the perspective of the third party payer to compare IV tPA with no tPA of ischemic stroke. A Markov model with a lifetime horizon was used to analyze the costs and outcomes...
November 5, 2017: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103825/is-subcranial-le-fort-iii-plus-le-fort-i-osteotomy-stable
#17
Fernanda Brasil Daura Jorge Boos Lima, Eduardo Hochuli Vieira, Philipp Juergens, Sergio Monteiro Lima Junior
The purpose of this study was to test whether associated subcranial Le Fort III (sLF III) and Le Fort I (LF I) osteotomies are stable after large advancements of the middle third of the face and maxilla. The authors designed a retrospective study and enrolled a sample of consecutive patients with midface hypoplasia treated with associated sLF III and LF I osteotomies in this IRB-approved study between September 2013 and February 2015. To test whether the long-term stability was satisfactory, the authors compared cephalometric changes from immediately after surgery to 18 months after surgery taken from multi-slice computed tomography using two different third-party imaging software programs...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103352/cyberbullying-and-social-media-information-and-interventions-for-school-nurses-working-with-victims-students-and-families
#18
Elizabeth Byrne, Judith A Vessey, Lauren Pfeifer
Social media has become an increasingly prevalent fixture in youths' lives, with over 90% of teenagers reporting daily usage. These online sites and applications have provided many positive opportunities for youths to connect and share ideas with others; however, social media has also become a major platform for cyberbullying. Victims often experience negative health outcomes directly related to cyberbullying. For this reason, it is critical that third parties, such as school nurses, are well versed in social media and the warning signs of those being victimized by cyberbullying...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102327/development-and-operation-of-innovative-scum-to-biodiesel-pilot-system-for-the-treatment-of-floatable-wastewater-scum
#19
Erik Anderson, Min Addy, Paul Chen, Roger Ruan
A novel process was developed for the biorefining of floatable wastewater scum and other waste oils from water treatment facilities into biodiesel and other value-added bio-products. To test the scalability and commercial potential of the technology, a 7000 l/year pilot-scale system was designed and built. Scum from a wastewater treatment facility, located in St. Paul, Mn, was collected and converted into methyl esters (biodiesel) according to the process chemistry. All of the incoming and outgoing process streams were sampled, tested, weighed and recorded to calculate both the process efficiency and product quality...
November 1, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098889/cost-effectiveness-of-using-an-extensively-hydrolysed-casein-formula-containing-lactobacillus-rhamnosus-gg-in-managing-infants-with-cow-s-milk-allergy-in-the-us
#20
Julian F Guest, Roger H Kobayashi, Vinay Mehta, Gary Neidich
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the cost-effectiveness of using an extensively hydrolysed casein formula containing the probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG, (eHCF+LGG; Nutramigen LGG) compared with eHCF alone, and amino acid formulae (AAF) in treating cow's milk allergy (CMA) in the US, from the perspective of third-party insurers and from parents. METHODS: A decision model was used to estimate the probability of cow's milk allergic infants developing tolerance to cow's milk by 18 months...
November 3, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
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