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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219221/improved-developmental-competence-in-embryos-treated-with-lycopene-during-in-vitro-culture
#1
M M R Chowdhury, Ayman Mesalam, Imran Khan, Myeong-Don Joo, Kyeong-Lim Lee, Lianguang Xu, Fahmida Afrin, Il-Keun Kong
In vitro embryo development remains suboptimal compared to in vivo development due to the challenge from various stressors associated with in vitro culturing of oocytes. When 0.2 μM lycopene was added to oocyte in vitro maturation and embryo culture media, to assess its antioxidant effects on embryo development, we observed a significant (p<0.05) increase in cleavage and blastocyst development rates compared to the corresponding controls (84.3 ± 0.6% vs. 73.1 ± 1.9% and 41.0 ± 1.4% vs. 33.4 ± 0.7%, respectively)...
December 8, 2017: Molecular Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211728/an-open-label-non-randomized-study-of-the-pharmacokinetics-of-the-nutritional-supplement-nicotinamide-riboside-nr-and-its-effects-on-blood-nad-levels-in-healthy-volunteers
#2
Sophia E Airhart, Laura M Shireman, Linda J Risler, Gail D Anderson, G A Nagana Gowda, Daniel Raftery, Rong Tian, Danny D Shen, Kevin D O'Brien
OBJECTIVES: The co-primary objectives of this study were to determine the human pharmacokinetics (PK) of oral NR and the effect of NR on whole blood nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) levels. BACKGROUND: Though mitochondrial dysfunction plays a critical role in the development and progression of heart failure, no mitochondria-targeted therapies have been translated into clinical practice. Recent murine studies have reported associations between imbalances in the NADH/NAD+ ratio with mitochondrial dysfunction in multiple tissues, including myocardium...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209088/inhibitory-effects-of-curcumin-and-cyclocurcumin-in-1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium-mpp-induced-neurotoxicity-in-differentiated-pc12-cells
#3
Sandeep Chakraborty, Artashes Karmenyan, Jin-Wu Tsai, Arthur Chiou
Development and progression of neurodegenerative diseases like Parkinson's disease (PD) involve multiple pathways. Thus, effective therapeutic treatments should intervene to address all these pathways simultaneously for greater success. Most of the current pharmacotherapeutic approaches just supplement striatal dopamine. Hence, natural extracts of plants with therapeutic potential have been explored. Curcuminoids belong to one such group of polyphenol which show immense therapeutic effects. Here, we have used intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) measurement, and two-photon fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (2P-FLIM) of cellular autofluorescent co-enzyme reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) to study the inhibitory effects of curcumin and cyclocurcumin in alleviating PD like neurotoxicity of 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+) in neuronal growth factor (NGF) induced differentiated PC12 cells...
December 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137352/maternal-high-calorie-diet-induces-mitochondrial-dysfunction-and-senescence-phenotype-in-subcutaneous-fat-of-newborn-mice
#4
Daniele Lettieri-Barbato, Fabiana D'Angelo, Francesca Sciarretta, Giuseppe Tatulli, Flavia Tortolici, Maria Rosa Ciriolo, Katia Aquilano
Mitochondrial dysfunction, inflammation and senescence-like features are observed in adipose depots in aging and obesity. Herein, we evaluated how maternal high calorie diet (HCD) may impact on subcutaneous adipose tissue (sAT) of the newborn mice. Adult C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided in three groups: normal calorie diet (NCD), HCD and HCD supplemented with niacin 8 weeks before mating. Mothers and pups were then sacrificed and metabolic and molecular analyses were carried out on sAT. HCD induced mitochondria dysfunction in mothers without inflammation and senescence, whereas in pups we also revealed the occurrence of senescent phenotype...
October 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981461/reductive-stress-in-inflammation-associated-diseases-and-the-pro-oxidant-effect-of-antioxidant-agents
#5
REVIEW
Israel Pérez-Torres, Verónica Guarner-Lans, María Esther Rubio-Ruiz
Abstract: Reductive stress (RS) is the counterpart oxidative stress (OS), and can occur in response to conditions that shift the redox balance of important biological redox couples, such as the NAD⁺/NADH, NADP⁺/NADPH, and GSH/GSSG, to a more reducing state. Overexpression of antioxidant enzymatic systems leads to excess reducing equivalents that can deplete reactive oxidative species, driving the cells to RS. A feedback regulation is established in which chronic RS induces OS, which in turn, stimulates again RS...
October 5, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912077/electron-receptor-addition-enhances-butanol-synthesis-in-abe-fermentation-by-clostridium-acetobutylicum
#6
Jian Ding, Hongzhen Luo, Fang Xie, Hao Wang, Meng Xu, Zhongping Shi
The techniques for enhancing butanol production in ABE fermentation by Clostridium acetobutylicum generally focus on adding electron carrier to strengthen NADH synthesis, repressing hydrogenase by aerating CO, supplementing butyrate, etc. However, those methods suffer from the problems of total solvent decrease, high purification cost, using expensive supplemental substances, etc. In this study, we added small amount of electron receptors (Na2SO4/CaSO4, 2g/L) into ABE fermentation broth: to alter electron/proton distributions in the intracellular electron transport shuttle system, directing more electron/proton pairs into NADH synthesis route; to stimulate intracellular accumulation of those amino acids favorable for cells survival/butanol synthesis...
September 5, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853155/a-dynamic-metabolic-flux-analysis-of-abe-acetone-butanol-ethanol-fermentation-by-clostridium-acetobutylicum-atcc-824-with-riboflavin-as-a-by-product
#7
Xinhe Zhao, Mayssa Kasbi, Jingkui Chen, Sabine Peres, Mario Jolicoeur
The present study reveals that supplementing sodium acetate (NaAc) strongly stimulates riboflavin production in acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) fermentation by Clostridium acetobutylicum ATCC 824 with xylose as carbon source. Riboflavin production increased from undetectable concentrations to ∼0.2 g L(-1) (0.53 mM) when supplementing 60 mM NaAc. Of interest, solvents production and biomass yield were also promoted with fivefold acetone, 2.6-fold butanol, and 2.4-fold biomass adding NaAc. A kinetic metabolic model, developed to simulate ABE biosystem, with riboflavin production, revealed from a dynamic metabolic flux analysis (dMFA) simultaneous increase of riboflavin (ribA) and GTP (precursor of riboflavin) (PurM) synthesis flux rates under NaAc supplementation...
December 2017: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818673/1-25-dihydroxyvitamin-d3-induces-brain-proteomic-changes-in-cuprizone-mice-during-remyelination-involving-calcium-proteins
#8
Eystein Oveland, Agnes Nystad, Frode Berven, Kjell-Morten Myhr, Øivind Torkildsen, Stig Wergeland
Dietary supplementation of vitamin D is commonly recommended to patients with multiple sclerosis. We recently found that high-dose of the hormonally active 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin-D3 (1,25D) promotes myelin repair in the cuprizone model for de- and remyelination. In the present study, we quantified 5062 proteins, of which 125 were differentially regulated in brain tissue from 1,25D treated mice during remyelination, compared to placebo. Proteins upregulated in the early remyelination phase were involved in calcium binding, e...
August 14, 2017: Neurochemistry International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810820/quantitative-label-free-evaluation-of-tissue-engineered-skeletal-muscle-through-multiphoton-microscopy
#9
Brian C Syverud, Mary-Ann Mycek, Lisa M Larkin
The lack of tools for assessing engineered tissue viability and function in a noninvasive manner is a major regulatory and translational challenge facing tissue engineers. Label-free, nonlinear optical molecular imaging (OMI) has utilized endogenous nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide and flavin adenine dinucleotide fluorescence to indicate metabolic activity. Similarly, second harmonic generation (SHG) signals from myosin and collagen can measure overall muscle structural integrity and function. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate these OMI techniques for the first time in engineered skeletal muscle and to develop a novel method for evaluating our engineered skeletal muscle units (SMUs) before implantation...
October 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634238/electron-transport-chain-is-biochemically-linked-to-pilus-assembly-required-for-polymicrobial-interactions-and-biofilm-formation-in-the-gram-positive-actinobacterium-actinomyces-oris
#10
Belkys C Sanchez, Chungyu Chang, Chenggang Wu, Bryan Tran, Hung Ton-That
The Gram-positive actinobacteria Actinomyces spp. are key colonizers in the development of oral biofilms due to the inherent ability of Actinomyces to adhere to receptor polysaccharides on the surface of oral streptococci and host cells. This receptor-dependent bacterial interaction, or coaggregation, requires a unique sortase-catalyzed pilus consisting of the pilus shaft FimA and the coaggregation factor CafA forming the pilus tip. While the essential role of the sortase machine SrtC2 in pilus assembly, biofilm formation, and coaggregation has been established, little is known about trans-acting factors contributing to these processes...
June 20, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578808/real-time-monitoring-of-intracellular-redox-changes-in-methylococcus-capsulatus-bath-for-efficient-bioconversion-of-methane-to-methanol
#11
Masahito Ishikawa, Yuya Tanaka, Risa Suzuki, Kota Kimura, Kenya Tanaka, Kazuhide Kamiya, Hidehiro Ito, Souichiro Kato, Toshiaki Kamachi, Katsutoshi Hori, Shuji Nakanishi
This study aimed to develop a novel method for real-time monitoring of the intracellular redox states in a methanotroph Methylococcus capsulatus, using Peredox as a genetically encoded fluorescent sensor of the NADH:NAD(+) ratio. As expected, the fluorescence derived from the Peredox-expressing M. capsulatus transformant increased by supplementation of electron donor compounds (methane and formate), while it decreased by specifically inhibiting the methanol oxidation reaction. Electrochemical measurements confirmed that the Peredox fluorescence reliably represents the intracellular redox changes...
October 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509952/high-yield-production-of-mannitol-by-leuconostoc-pseudomesenteroides-ctcc-g123-from-chicory-derived-inulin-hydrolysate
#12
Min Zhang, Lei Gu, Chao Cheng, Junru Zhu, Hao Wu, Jiangfeng Ma, Weiliang Dong, Xiangping Kong, Min Jiang, Pingkai Ouyang
Chicory is an agricultural plant with considerable potential as a carbohydrate substrate for low-cost production of biochemicals. In this work, the production of mannitol by Leuconostoc pseudomesenteroides CTCC G123 from chicory-derived inulin hydrolysate was investigated. The bioconversion process initially suffered from the leakage of fructose to the phosphoketolase pathway, resulting in a low mannitol yield. When inulin hydrolysate was supplemented with glucose as a substrate for mannitol production in combination with aeration induction and nicotinic acid induced redox modulation strategies, the mannitol yield greatly improved...
August 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446174/a-scalable-metabolite-supplementation-strategy-against-antibiotic-resistant-pathogen-chromobacterium-violaceum-induced-by-nad-nadh-imbalance
#13
Deepanwita Banerjee, Dharmeshkumar Parmar, Nivedita Bhattacharya, Avinash D Ghanate, Venkateswarlu Panchagnula, Anu Raghunathan
BACKGROUND: The leading edge of the global problem of antibiotic resistance necessitates novel therapeutic strategies. This study develops a novel systems biology driven approach for killing antibiotic resistant pathogens using benign metabolites. RESULTS: Controlled laboratory evolutions established chloramphenicol and streptomycin resistant pathogens of Chromobacterium. These resistant pathogens showed higher growth rates and required higher lethal doses of antibiotic...
April 26, 2017: BMC Systems Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376137/effects-of-tempol-and-quercetin-on-human-sperm-function-after-cryopreservation
#14
L Azadi, M Tavalaee, M R Deemeh, M Arbabian, M H Nasr-Esfahani
  BACKGROUND: Quercetin is a flavonoid with high reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging and ion chelating activity. It also enhances the activity of antioxidant enzymes and reduces enzymatic activity such as NADPH oxidase and NADH-dependent oxido-reductase. Tempol, as a superoxide dismutase mimetic agent, converts superoxide to less toxic hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), but cannot reduce highly toxic hydroxyl radicals in Fenton or Haber-Weiss reactions mediated with free iron or cupper. OBJECTIVE: The study was to compare the effect of Quercetin and Tempol in an optimized commercial cryo-protective media on ROS induced cryoinjury for the first time...
January 2017: Cryo Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245791/24-epibrassinolide-stimulates-imidacloprid-detoxification-by-modulating-the-gene-expression-of-brassica-juncea-l
#15
Anket Sharma, Sharad Thakur, Vinod Kumar, Anup Kumar Kesavan, Ashwani Kumar Thukral, Renu Bhardwaj
BACKGROUND: Pesticides cause oxidative stress to plants and their residues persist in plant parts, which are a major concern for the environment as well as human health. Brassinosteroids (BRs) are known to protect plants from abiotic stress conditions including pesticide toxicity. The present study demonstrated the effects of seed-soaking with 24-epibrassinolide (EBR) on physiological responses of 10-day old Brassica juncea seedlings grown under imidacloprid (IMI) toxicity. RESULTS: In the seedlings raised from EBR-treated seeds and grown under IMI toxicity, the contents of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and superoxide anion (O(...
February 28, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194149/superoxide-generation-and-its-involvement-in-the-growth-of-mycobacterium-smegmatis
#16
Amar M Yeware, Ketaki D Shurpali, Meghana C Athalye, Dhiman Sarkar
Superoxide generation is inevitable in aerobic organisms, most of which have developed mechanisms to detoxify superoxides. However, its significance has not been clearly understood in mycobacteria. This study demonstrates that NADH oxidase is the major source of superoxide in Mycobacterium smegmatis and elucidates the involvement of superoxide in M. smegmatis growth. The maximum inhibition of superoxide generation was observed in the presence of diphenyleneiodonium chloride (DPI), an NADH oxidase inhibitor, compared to other standard inhibitors...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188256/mgdg-pg-and-sqdg-regulate-the-activity-of-light-dependent-protochlorophyllide-oxidoreductase
#17
Michal Gabruk, Beata Mysliwa-Kurdziel, Jerzy Kruk
Light-dependent protochlorophyllide oxidoreductase (POR) is a plant enzyme involved in the chlorophyll biosynthesis pathway. POR reduces one of the double bonds of the protochlorophyllide (Pchlide) using NADPH and light. In the present study, we found out that phosphatidylglycerol and sulfoquinovosyl diacylglycerol are allosteric regulators of the nucleotide binding, which increase the affinity towards NADPH a 100-fold. Moreover, we showed for the first time that NADH can, like NADPH, form active complexes with Pchlide and POR, however, at much higher concentrations...
March 23, 2017: Biochemical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177713/effects-of-exogenous-vitamins-a-c-and-e-and-nadh-supplementation-on-proliferation-cytokines-release-and-cell-redox-status-of-lymphocytes-from-healthy-aged-subjects
#18
Samia Bouamama, Hafida Merzouk, Amel Medjdoub, Amel Merzouk-Saidi, Sid Ahmed Merzouk
Aging is an inevitable biological event that is associated with immune alterations. These alterations are related to increased cellular oxidative stress and micronutrient deficiency. Antioxidant supplementation could improve these age-related abnormalities. The aim of this study was to determine in vitro effects of vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin E, and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) on T cell proliferation, cytokine release, and cell redox status in the elderly compared with young adults. Peripheral blood lymphocytes were isolated using a density gradient of Histopaque...
January 23, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111818/dietary-and-nutrition-interventions-for-the-therapeutic-treatment-of-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-myalgic-encephalomyelitis-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
N Campagnolo, S Johnston, A Collatz, D Staines, S Marshall-Gradisnik
BACKGROUND: Chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME) is characterised by unexplained fatigue for at least 6 months accompanied by a diverse but consistent set of symptoms. Diet modification and nutritional supplements could be used to improve patient outcomes, such fatigue and quality of life. We reviewed and discussed the evidence for nutritional interventions that may assist in alleviating symptoms of CFS/ME. METHODS: Medline, Cinahl and Scopus were systematically searched from 1994 to May 2016...
June 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099989/effects-of-a-dietary-ketone-ester-on-hippocampal-glycolytic-and-tricarboxylic-acid-cycle-intermediates-and-amino-acids-in-a-3xtgad-mouse-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#20
Robert J Pawlosky, Martin F Kemper, Yoshihero Kashiwaya, Michael Todd King, Mark P Mattson, Richard L Veech
In patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and in a triple transgenic (3xTgAD) mouse model of AD low glucose metabolism in the brain precedes loss of memory and cognitive decline. The metabolism of ketones in the brain by-passes glycolysis and therefore may correct several deficiencies that are associated with glucose hypometabolism. A dietary supplement composed of an ester of D-β-hydroxybutyrate and R-1,3 butane diol referred to as ketone ester (KE) was incorporated into a rodent diet and fed to 3xTgAD mice for 8 months...
April 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
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