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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814581/hyperammonaemic-encephalopathy-following-an-uncomplicated-surgery
#1
Stuart McIntosh, Karima Medjoub, Kevin Deans, Sara Sexton
A 59-year-old woman who underwent an uncomplicated exploratory laparotomy, adhesiolysis, small bowel resection and anterolateral thigh flap had a complicated postoperative period characterised by wound dehiscence and poor nutritional intake. 29 days postoperatively, a tremor developed in her upper limbs associated with weakness. Her Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) fell to 4 and she was transferred to the intensive care unit. The patient was reviewed by multiple specialists and multiple differentials were considered and eliminated...
August 16, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798910/changes-in-acylglycerols-composition-quality-characteristics-and-in-vivo-effects-of-dietary-pumpkin-seed-oil-upon-thermal-oxidation
#2
Alam Zeb, Sultan Ahmad
This study was aimed to determine the acylglycerols composition, quality characteristics, and protective role of dietary pumpkin seed oil (PSO) in rabbits. PSO was thermally oxidized and analyzed for quality characteristics and acylglycerols composition using reversed phase high performance liquid chromatography with diode array detection (HPLC-DAD). Oxidized and un-oxidized oil samples were fed to the rabbits in different doses for 2 weeks. The changes in the serum biochemistry, hematology, and liver histology were studied...
2017: Frontiers in Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759091/fundamentals-for-an-osteopathic-obesity-designed-study-the-effects-of-education-on-osteopathic-medical-students-attitudes-regarding-obesity
#3
Gregory G Gayer, Jennifer Weiss, Michael Clearfield
Context: Obesity is a major health concern in the United States, and its prevalence continues to rise. Although it is a common health issue, many people, including health care professionals, are biased against people with obesity. Objective: To determine whether a comprehensive obesity curriculum presented to students in medical school can positively influence their attitudes toward obesity. Methods: The study was designed around a comprehensive educational obesity curriculum at Touro University College of Osteopathic Medicine-CA, involving the classes of 2013 through 2018...
August 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747984/annual-tendency-of-research-papers-used-icr-mice-as-experimental-animals-in-biomedical-research-fields
#4
Ji Eun Kim, Jung Hoon Nam, Joon Young Cho, Kil Soo Kim, Dae Youn Hwang
Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) mice have been widely used in various research fields including toxicology, oncology, pharmacology, and pharmaceutical product safety testing for decades. However, annual tendency of research papers involving ICR mice in various biomedical fields has not been previously analyzed. In this study, we examined the numbers of papers that used ICR mice as experimental animals in the social science, natural science, engineering, medicine-pharmacy, marine agriculture-fishery, and art-kinesiology fields by analyzing big data...
June 2017: Laboratory Animal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727654/growth-and-nutritional-biomarkers-of-preterm-infants-fed-a-new-powdered-human-milk-fortifier-a-randomized-trial
#5
Jacques Rigo, Jean-Michel Hascoët, Claude Billeaud, Jean-Charles Picaud, Fabio Mosca, Amandine Rubio, Elie Saliba, Michaël Radkë, Umberto Simeoni, Bernard Guillois, Virginie de Halleux, Jonathan Jaeger, Laurent Ameye, Nicholas P Hays, Johannes Spalinger
OBJECTIVES: Assess growth and nutritional biomarkers of preterm infants fed human milk (HM) supplemented with a new powdered HM fortifier (nHMF) or a control HM fortifier (cHMF). The nHMF provides similar energy content, 16% more protein (partially hydrolyzed whey), and higher micronutrient levels than the cHMF, along with medium-chain triglycerides and docosahexaenoic acid. METHODS: In this controlled, multicenter, double-blind study, a sample of preterm infants ≤32 weeks or ≤1500 g were randomized to receive nHMF (n = 77) or cHMF (n = 76) for a minimum of 21 days...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720541/biological-sources-of-variation-of-serum-adiponectin-among-healthy-individuals-in-comparison-with-related-nutritional-and-inflammatory-markers
#6
Yoshihisa Shimizu, Kiyoshi Ichihara, Katsuyuki Nakajima
BACKGROUND: Serum adiponectin (AN) is a nutritional and inflammatory marker of various diseases. Its biological sources of variation (SVs) have been widely evaluated, but its relationships with other related markers remain to be studied comprehensibly by use of multivariate analyses including factor analysis. METHODS: Serum specimens from 752 well-defined healthy subjects (295 males; 457 females) obtained from Japan, Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Vietnam were tested for total AN (tAN) and high-molecular-weight AN (hmAN) together with 71 major analytes...
July 15, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689603/small-bowel-dilation-in-children-with-short-bowel-syndrome-is-associated-with-mucosal-damage-bowel-derived-bloodstream-infections-and-hepatic-injury
#7
Maria Hukkinen, Annika Mutanen, Mikko P Pakarinen
BACKGROUND: Liver disease occurs frequently in short bowel syndrome. Whether small bowel dilation in short bowel syndrome could influence the risk of liver injury through increased bacterial translocation remains unknown. Our aim was to analyze associations between small bowel dilation, mucosal damage, bloodstream infections, and liver injury in short bowel syndrome patients. METHODS: Among short bowel syndrome children (n = 50), maximal small bowel diameter was measured in contrast series and expressed as the ratio to the height of the fifth lumbar vertebra (small bowel diameter ratio), and correlated retrospectively to fecal calprotectin and plasma citrulline-respective markers of mucosal inflammation and mass-bloodstream infections, liver biochemistry, and liver histology...
September 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686269/iron-homeostasis-in-plants-a-brief-overview
#8
James M Connorton, Janneke Balk, Jorge Rodríguez-Celma
Iron plays a crucial role in biochemistry and is an essential micronutrient for plants and humans alike. Although plentiful in the Earth's crust it is not usually found in a form readily accessible for plants to use. They must therefore sense and interact with their environment, and have evolved two different molecular strategies to take up iron in the root. Once inside, iron is complexed with chelators and distributed to sink tissues where it is used predominantly in the production of enzyme cofactors or components of electron transport chains...
July 19, 2017: Metallomics: Integrated Biometal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665717/hematology-and-serum-biochemistry-reference-intervals-for-six-week-old-farm-reared-chinese-ring-necked-pheasants-phasianus-colchicus-from-minnesota
#9
R S Dzikamunhenga, R W Griffith, S Hostetter, P Fisher, W Larson
Chinese ring-necked pheasants ( Phasianus colchicus ) are commonly farmed in intensive operations for purposes such as meat production, hunting preserves, or research. Under these conditions, pheasants frequently suffer medical ailments such as bacterial, viral, and parasitic infections or nutritional or metabolic disorders. Relatively little scientific information exists regarding clinical pathology reference intervals (RIs) for farm-reared pheasants. The objective of this study was to determine RIs for hematologic and serum biochemical variables for Chinese ring-necked pheasants from Minnesota at 6 wk of age...
June 2017: Avian Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602070/a-prognostic-evaluation-and-management-of-alcoholic-hepatitis
#10
Ramesh Rana, Sheng-Lan Wang, Jing Li, Lu Xia, Mei-Yi Song, Chang-Qing Yang
Alcoholic hepatitis is an acute and severe form of alcoholic liver disease associated with high morbidity and mortality of 30-50% worldwide, severity ranging from asymptomatic derangement of liver biochemistries to fulminant liver failure or death. Rapidly progressing jaundice and coagulopathy in prolonged excessive alcohol abusers with or without fever, malnutrition, and tender liver are the clinical hallmarks. The prognostic models (MELD, MDF, ABIC, GAHS, Lille's score) not only predict the short term mortality, but also guide the clinicians to choose appropriate specific therapy (corticosteroid or pentoxifylline) and as a stopping rule if there is no significant benefits of it...
June 9, 2017: Minerva Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545257/the-reactive-sulfur-species-concept-15-years-on
#11
REVIEW
Gregory I Giles, Muhammad Jawad Nasim, Wesam Ali, Claus Jacob
Fifteen years ago, in 2001, the concept of "Reactive Sulfur Species" or RSS was advocated as a working hypothesis. Since then various organic as well as inorganic RSS have attracted considerable interest and stimulated many new and often unexpected avenues in research and product development. During this time, it has become apparent that molecules with sulfur-containing functional groups are not just the passive "victims" of oxidative stress or simple conveyors of signals in cells, but can also be stressors in their own right, with pivotal roles in cellular function and homeostasis...
May 23, 2017: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540654/a-110-year-old-wise-man-professor-libin-t-cheng-one-of-the-founders-of-biochemistry-and-nutrition-in-china
#12
He Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 24, 2017: Protein & Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535508/resistant-starch-regulates-gut-microbiota-structure-biochemistry-and-cell-signalling
#13
REVIEW
Xiaoping Yang, Kwame Oteng Darko, Yanjun Huang, Caimei He, Huansheng Yang, Shanping He, Jianzhong Li, Jian Li, Berthold Hocher, Yulong Yin
Starch is one of the most popular nutritional sources for both human and animals. Due to the variation of its nutritional traits and biochemical specificities, starch has been classified into rapidly digestible, slowly digestible and resistant starch. Resistant starch has its own unique chemical structure, and various forms of resistant starch are commercially available. It has been found being a multiple-functional regulator for treating metabolic dysfunction. Different functions of resistant starch such as modulation of the gut microbiota, gut peptides, circulating growth factors, circulating inflammatory mediators have been characterized by animal studies and clinical trials...
2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533672/effect-of-a-counseling-supported-treatment-with-the-mediterranean-diet-and-physical-activity-on-the-severity-of-the-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#14
Chiara Gelli, Mirko Tarocchi, Ludovico Abenavoli, Laura Di Renzo, Andrea Galli, Antonino De Lorenzo
AIM: To determine the clinical effectiveness of nutritional counseling on reduction of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) severity, weight loss, metabolic and anthropometric indexes and liver enzymes. METHODS: Forty-six adults with NAFLD received a 6-mo clinical and a dietary intervention (based on Mediterranean diet) carried out respectively by a gastroenterologist and a nutritionist with counseling license. The counseling process consisted of monthly meeting (about 45 min each)...
May 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495032/meat-science-from-1976-a-history-of-the-journal
#15
REVIEW
D A Ledward, D L Hopkins
The journal Meat Science was first published in 1976/77 and it initially comprised 4 issues per year. The first issue contained 4 papers and the first volume (4 issues) contained 27 articles, a mixture of papers and research notes. Its growth/popularity increased, and it has continued to thrive and in 2016 of the 1010 papers processed 292 were accepted. Over 90% of the papers published in the first volume were concerned with muscle biochemistry/meat properties. During the last years of the 20th century, meat products and their properties became a far larger proportion of the submissions as did those concerned with nutrition and safety...
May 3, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494365/a-critical-review-on-effects-tolerance-mechanisms-and-management-of-cadmium-in-vegetables
#16
REVIEW
Muhammad Rizwan, Shafaqat Ali, Muhammad Adrees, Muhammad Ibrahim, Daniel C W Tsang, Muhammad Zia-Ur-Rehman, Zahir Ahmad Zahir, Jörg Rinklebe, Filip M G Tack, Yong Sik Ok
Cadmium (Cd) accumulation in vegetables is an important environmental issue that threatens human health globally. Understanding the response of vegetables to Cd stress and applying management strategies may help to reduce the Cd uptake by vegetables. The aim of the present review is to summarize the knowledge concerning the uptake and toxic effects of Cd in vegetables and the different management strategies to combat Cd stress in vegetables. Leafy vegetables grown in Cd contaminated soils potentially accumulate higher concentrations of Cd, posing a threat to food commodities...
May 2, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472180/serum-biochemistry-panels-in-african-buffalo-defining-reference-intervals-and-assessing-variability-across-season-age-and-sex
#17
Claire E Couch, Morgan A Movius, Anna E Jolles, M Elena Gorman, Johanna D Rigas, Brianna R Beechler
Serum biochemical parameters can be utilized to evaluate the physiological status of an animal, and relate it to the animal's health. In order to accurately interpret individual animal biochemical results, species-specific reference intervals (RI) must be established. Reference intervals for biochemical parameters differ between species, and physiological differences including reproductive status, nutritional resource availability, disease status, and age affect parameters within the same species. The objectives of this study were to (1) establish RI for biochemical parameters in managed African buffalo (Syncerus caffer), (2) assess the effects of age, sex, pregnancy, and season on serum biochemistry values, and (3) compare serum biochemistry values from a managed herd to a free-ranging buffalo herd and to values previously published for captive (zoo) buffalo...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454727/proteomic-approach-to-characterize-biochemistry-of-meat-quality-defects
#18
REVIEW
M W Schilling, S P Suman, X Zhang, M N Nair, M A Desai, K Cai, M A Ciaramella, P J Allen
Proteomics can be used to characterize quality defects including pale, soft, and exudative (PSE) meat (pork and poultry), woody broiler breast meat, reddish catfish fillets, meat toughness, and beef myoglobin oxidation. PSE broiler meat was characterized by 15 proteins that differed in abundance in comparison to normal broiler breast meat, and eight proteins were differentially expressed in woody breast meat in comparison to normal breast meat. Hemoglobin was the only protein that was differentially expressed between red and normal catfish fillets...
April 21, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441057/oxidative-stress
#19
REVIEW
Helmut Sies, Carsten Berndt, Dean P Jones
Oxidative stress is two sided: Whereas excessive oxidant challenge causes damage to biomolecules, maintenance of a physiological level of oxidant challenge, termed oxidative eustress, is essential for governing life processes through redox signaling. Recent interest has focused on the intricate ways by which redox signaling integrates these converse properties. Redox balance is maintained by prevention, interception, and repair, and concomitantly the regulatory potential of molecular thiol-driven master switches such as Nrf2/Keap1 or NF-κB/IκB is used for system-wide oxidative stress response...
June 20, 2017: Annual Review of Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435192/effect-of-peripartum-nutritional-management-on-plasma-profile-of-steroid-hormones-metabolites-and-postpartum-fertility-in-buffaloes
#20
R M Kalasariya, A J Dhami, K K Hadiya, D N Borkhatariya, J A Patel
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of peripartum protein and minerals supplementation on plasma profile of steroid hormones, metabolites, and fertility in rural buffaloes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 85 advanced pregnant (~8 months) pluriparous buffaloes selected at farmers' doorstep in three tribal villages of Middle Gujarat were randomly divided into two groups, viz., control (n=45) and nutrients treatment (40). The buffaloes of treatment group (n=40), in addition to farmers feeding schedule/control, received daily 1...
March 2017: Veterinary World
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