keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pyloromyotomy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340829/trends-and-surgical-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-versus-open-pyloromyotomy
#1
William C Kethman, Alex H S Harris, Mary T Hawn, James K Wall
BACKGROUND: Hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (HPS) is one of the most common pediatric illnesses necessitating surgical intervention. Controversy remains over the optimal surgical approach between laparoscopic pyloromyotomy (LP) and open pyloromyotomy (OP). LP has gained acceptance for management of HPS in an era of expanding minimal access surgical approaches to pediatric conditions. Several studies suggest advantages of LP over OP; however, selection bias and small sample sizes remain a concern...
January 16, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338765/infantile-hypertrophic-pyloric-stenosis-a-4-year-experience-from-two-tertiary-care-centres-in-cameroon
#2
Rene Ndongo, Paul Nkemtendong Tolefac, Faustin Félicien Mouafo Tambo, Matin Hongieh Abanda, Marcelin Ngowe Ngowe, Olivier Fola, Bonaventure Dzekem, Patrick Eroyl Weledji, Maurice Aurelien Sosso, Jacqueline Ze Minkande
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to describe the clinical characteristics of patients with infantile hypertrophic stenosis, management and its outcome in two tertiary care centres in Cameroon. RESULTS: A total of 21 patients were included from the two centres. The mean age at presentation was 5.2 ± 1.2 weeks, predominantly male with a male-to-female ratio of 4.25:1. The triad of vomiting, visible peristalsis and palpable mass was present in only 7 (33.3%) of the participants...
January 16, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288306/risk-factors-for-incisional-hernia-in-children
#3
Keiichiro Tanaka, Takeyuki Misawa, Shuichi Ashizuka, Jyoji Yoshizawa, Tadashi Akiba, Takao Ohki
BACKGROUND: Incisional hernia (IH) is a major complication of abdominal surgery. Although previous studies reported that the incidence of IH after abdominal surgery in adults was 5-50% and that various independent risk factors were involved, IH in children is still not well known. The objective of our study was to investigate the incidence and risk factors for IH in children. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all children who underwent abdominal surgery at the Jikei University Hospitals (Jikei University Hospital, Kashiwa Hospital, Katsushika Medical Center and Daisan Hospital) between January 2001 and December 2016...
December 29, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241960/trends-in-common-surgical-procedures-at-children-s-and-nonchildren-s-hospitals-between-2000-and-2009
#4
Heather L Short, Samir Sarda, Curtis Travers, Jason M Hockenberry, Ian McCarthy, Mehul V Raval
PURPOSE: Though growth in children's surgical expenditures has been documented, procedure-specific differences in volume and costs at children's hospitals (CH) and non-hildren's hospitals (NCH) have not been explored. Our purpose was to compare trends in volume and costs of common pediatric surgical procedures between CH and NCH. METHODS: We performed a review of the 2000-2009 Kids' Inpatient Database identifying all cases of appendectomy for uncomplicated appendicitis (AP), tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (TA), fundoplication (FP), humeral fracture repair (HFR), pyloromyotomy (PYL), and cholecystectomy (CHOLE)...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236590/a-novel-nonelectrosurgical-technique-for-incising-the-pylorus-in-laparoscopic-pyloromyotomy
#5
Ziad A Bataineh, Nathan M Novotny
OBJECTIVE: Since the loss of the protected arthrotomy knife several years ago, pediatric surgeons have struggled to find a safe, reliable, and inexpensive way to incise the pyloric serosa before spreading the muscle. The most widely accepted method of cutting the serosa is with electrocautery, although some still question its safety. We introduce a novel technique of incising the serosa with a percutaneously inserted needle without the use of electrocautery. DESCRIPTION: In this case series, we describe the experience of a single surgeon with a novel technique of incising the serosa...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169774/sir-denis-browne-the-father-of-modern-pediatric-surgery
#6
REVIEW
Don K Nakayama
Sir Denis John Wolko Browne (1892-1967), while not the first in the British Isles to devote his entire surgical practice to pediatric surgery, is accepted as "the father of pediatric surgery in the United Kingdom." He made contributions to operations as varied as tonsillectomy, pyloromyotomy, and hypospadias repair, and provided fundamental insights into the proper treatment of club foot, congenital dislocation of the hip, and cryptorchidism. He introduced the transverse laparotomy incision, primary repair of congenital intestinal obstruction, and the end-to-back anastomosis for intestinal atresia, techniques so commonly used that it is difficult to think of pediatric surgical operations done any differently...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148193/the-treatment-of-pyloric-stenosis-evolution-in-practice
#7
REVIEW
Kiarash Taghavi, Emma Powell, Bhaveshkumar Patel, Craig A McBride
Over the last hundred years, idiopathic hypertrophic pyloric stenosis has undergone an evolution in treatment, with subsequent improvements in outcome. Initially, it was treated by physicians with antispasmodics and various alternative feeding and resuscitation modalities. The evolution of surgical approaches led to a revolution in outcome, from almost certain death to complete cure. The progression of surgical and medical treatments is reviewed in this article until, ultimately, Ramstedt's pyloromyotomy is reached...
November 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030799/gastric-peroral-endoscopic-pyloromyotomy-therapy-for-refractory-gastroparesis
#8
REVIEW
Petros C Benias, Mouen A Khashab
Purpose of review Gastroparesis is a complex dysmotility disorder in which a number of normal gastric emptying mechanisms can be affected. The pylorus as an apparatus is particularly important since it stands as the last final gateway for gastric emptying. As such, pyloric interventions seem to be successful in reducing symptoms and also improving emptying of solids, an effect not observed with other medical interventions. Recent findings Gastric peroral endoscopic myotomy (G-POEM) is a novel technique which offers the promise of mimicking the success of a traditional surgical pyloroplasty, while embracing the minimally invasive paradigm of flexible endoscopic surgery...
December 2017: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030700/pyloric-stenosis-an-enigma-more-than-a-century-after-the-first-successful-treatment
#9
REVIEW
Yousef El-Gohary, Abdelhafeez Abdelhafeez, Elizabeth Paton, Ankush Gosain, Andrew J Murphy
Despite hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (HPS) being one of the most frequently treated pediatric surgical conditions, its etiology remains incompletely understood. We review the diagnosis and treatment of this condition with an emphasis on the evolution of surgical techniques that led to laparoscopic pyloromyotomy, the most frequently performed technique for HPS today. In addition, we review key developments in the understanding of HPS etiology and treatment, including the postulated etiology of work-induced hypertrophy of the pylorus, its association with prokinetic macrolide antibiotics, and the emerging role of atropine sulfate as a medical treatment for HPS or a rescue treatment for incomplete myotomy...
October 13, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857799/age-at-exposure-to-surgery-and-anesthesia-in-children-and-association-with-mental-disorder-diagnosis
#10
Caleb Ing, Ming Sun, Mark Olfson, Charles J DiMaggio, Lena S Sun, Melanie M Wall, Guohua Li
BACKGROUND: Animals exposed to anesthetics during specific age periods of brain development experience neurotoxicity, with neurodevelopmental changes subsequently observed during adulthood. The corresponding vulnerable age in children, however, is unknown. METHODS: An observational cohort study was performed using a longitudinal dataset constructed by linking individual-level Medicaid claims from Texas and New York from 1999 to 2010. This dataset was evaluated to determine whether the timing of exposure to anesthesia ≤5 years of age for a single common procedure (pyloromyotomy, inguinal hernia, circumcision outside the perinatal period, or tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy) is associated with increased subsequent risk of diagnoses for any mental disorder, or specifically developmental delay (DD) such as reading and language disorders, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
August 29, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752406/how-i-do-it-per-oral-pyloromyotomy-pop
#11
Matthew T Allemang, Andrew T Strong, Ivy N Haskins, John Rodriguez, Jeffrey L Ponsky, Matthew Kroh
INTRODUCTION: Several surgical treatments exist for treatment of gastroparesis, including gastric electrical stimulation, pyloroplasty, and gastrectomy. Division of the pylorus by means of endoscopy, Per-Oral Pyloromyotomy (POP), is a newer, endoluminal therapy that may offer a less invasive, interventional treatment option. METHODS: We describe and present a video of our step by step technique for POP using a lesser curvature approach. The following are technical steps to complete the POP procedure from the lesser curve approach...
November 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701060/epidemiological-and-clinical-characteristics-of-304-patients-with-infantile-hypertrophic-pyloric-stenosis-in-anhui-province-of-east-china-2012-2015
#12
Jing Li, Wei Gao, Ji-Min Zhu, Wei Zuo, Xiang Liu
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical and epidemiological features of patients with infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) so as to provide scientific evidence for diagnosis and prevention of IHPS. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of infants with IHPS diagnosed from 2012 to 2015 at Anhui Provincial Children's Hospital. Demographic characteristics and clinical data were collected. RESULTS: Three hundred four patients (264 males and 40 females) were studied, of which 94...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691986/the-role-of-sugammadex-in-symptomatic-transient-neonatal-myasthenia-gravis-a-case-report
#13
Jamie E Rubin, Radhamangalam J Ramamurthi
We describe the case of a 3-week-old boy with pyloric stenosis who presented for laparoscopic pyloromyotomy in the setting of symptomatic transient neonatal myasthenia gravis. The patient received muscle relaxation with rocuronium, and neuromuscular blockade was successfully reversed with sugammadex with recovery guided by train-of-four monitoring. He was extubated uneventfully without complications. Because sugammadex binds directly to rocuronium rather than interfering with acetylcholine metabolism, it might provide a good option for reversal of neuromuscular blockade in transient neonatal myasthenia gravis...
November 1, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684033/gastric-per-oral-endoscopic-pyloromyotomy-in-the-treatment-of-refractory-gastroparesis-report-on-the-first-case-performed-in-mexico
#14
O V Hernández-Mondragón, O M Solórzano-Pineda, J M Blancas-Valencia, M A González-Martínez, R M Villanueva-Pérez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 3, 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658159/outcomes-of-primary-gastric-transposition-for-long-gap-esophageal-atresia-in-neonates
#15
Zhandong Zeng, Fengli Liu, Juan Ma, Yun Fang, Hongwei Zhang
BACKGROUND: Gastric transposition is a relatively novel method of esophageal replacement. The purpose of this retrospective study was to assess the outcomes of long-gap esophageal atresia (LGEA) treated with esophageal replacement using primary gastric transposition in neonates. METHODS: Between March 2008 and May 2015, 14 newborns with LGEA were treated in our hospital. They were all found to have gaps of over 3 cm at the time of the surgery and were diagnosed with LGEA...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588977/determinants-of-morbidity-and-mortality-following-emergency-abdominal-surgery-in-children-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries
#16
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Child health is a key priority on the global health agenda, yet the provision of essential and emergency surgery in children is patchy in resource-poor regions. This study was aimed to determine the mortality risk for emergency abdominal paediatric surgery in low-income countries globally. METHODS: Multicentre, international, prospective, cohort study. Self-selected surgical units performing emergency abdominal surgery submitted prespecified data for consecutive children aged <16 years during a 2-week period between July and December 2014...
2016: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584844/castleman-disease-presenting-as-an-abdominal-mass
#17
Farnaz Shariati, Elizabeth Verter, Wendy Chang, Li Huang, Virendra Joshi
Unicentric Castleman disease is a rare condition of lymphoid hyperplasia, of which only 15% of cases occur in the abdomen. We report a 66-year-old man who presented with complaints of abdominal pain. Computed tomography scans revealed nephrolithiasis and a homogeneous calcified mass between the pancreas and stomach and several para-pancreatic nodes. Direct visualization during exploratory laparotomy revealed a mass on the lesser curvature of the stomach. Pyloromyotomy and mass resection were performed. Biopsy showed reactive lymphoid hyperplasia consistent with the hyaline vascular variant of Castleman disease...
2017: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576429/population-level-surgical-outcomes-for-infantile-hypertrophic-pyloric-stenosis
#18
Nick Lansdale, Nadeem Al-Khafaji, Patrick Green, Simon E Kenny
OBJECTIVES: Determine national outcomes for pyloromyotomy; how these are affected by: (i) surgical approach (open/laparoscopic), or (ii) centre type/volume and establish potential benchmarks of quality. METHODS: Hospital Episode Statistics data were analysed for admissions 2002-2011. Data presented as median (IQR). RESULTS: 9686 infants underwent pyloromyotomy (83% male). Surgery was performed in 22 specialist (SpCen) and 39 nonspecialist centres (NonSpCen)...
May 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567693/per-oral-endoscopic-pyloromyotomy-for-refractory-gastroparesis-initial-results-from-a-single-institution
#19
John H Rodriguez, Ivy N Haskins, Andrew T Strong, Ryan L Plescia, Matthew T Allemang, Robert S Butler, Michael S Cline, Kevin El-Hayek, Jeffrey L Ponsky, Matthew D Kroh
INTRODUCTION: Gastroparesis is a debilitating disease characterized by delayed gastric emptying in the absence of mechanical obstruction. A new intramural technique, per oral endoscopic pyloromyotomy (POP), has been proposed as an alternative to surgical pyloroplasty for the management of medical refractory gastroparesis. Herein, we detail the short-term results of POP at our institution. METHODS: POP was first performed at our institution in January 2016. All patients undergoing POP for management of gastroparesis from January 2016 through January 2017 were prospectively followed...
May 31, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550912/does-metabolic-alkalosis-influence-cerebral-oxygenation-in-infantile-hypertrophic-pyloric-stenosis
#20
Matthias Nissen, Grigore Cernaianu, Rene Thränhardt, Mohammad R Vahdad, Karin Barenberg, Ralf-Bodo Tröbs
BACKGROUND: This pilot study focuses on regional tissue oxygenation (rSO2) in patients with infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis in a perioperative setting. To investigate the influence of enhanced metabolic alkalosis (MA) on cerebral (c-rSO2) and renal (r-rSO2) tissue oxygenation, two-site near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) technology was applied. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Perioperative c-rSO2, r-rSO2, capillary blood gases, and electrolytes from 12 infants were retrospectively compared before and after correction of MA at admission (T1), before surgery (T2), and after surgery (T3)...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
keyword
keyword
88649
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"